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Encyclopedia > Jackal
Jackal
A Black-backed Jackal
A Black-backed Jackal
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Canidae
Genus: Canis
Species

Canis aureus
Canis adustus
Canis mesomelas
Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1040x624, 89 KB) Please see the file description page for further information. ... Scientific classification or biological classification is a method by which biologists group and categorize species of organisms. ... For other uses, see Animal (disambiguation). ... Typical Classes See below Chordates (phylum Chordata) are a group of animals that includes the vertebrates, together with several closely related invertebrates. ... Subclasses & Infraclasses Subclass †Allotheria* Subclass Prototheria Subclass Theria Infraclass †Trituberculata Infraclass Metatheria Infraclass Eutheria Mammals (class Mammalia) are warm-blooded, vertebrate animals characterized by the production of milk in female mammary glands and by the presence of: hair, three middle ear bones used in hearing, and a neocortex region in... Families 17, See classification The diverse order Carnivora (IPA: or IPA: ; from Latin carō (stem carn-) flesh, + vorāre to devour) includes over 260 placental mammals. ... Genera Alopex Atelocynus Canis Cerdocyon Chrysocyon Cuon Cynotherium † Dusicyon † Dasycyon † Fennecus (Part of Vulpes) Lycalopex (Part of Pseudalopex) Lycaon Nyctereutes Otocyon Pseudalopex Speothos Urocyon Vulpes The Canidae (′kanə′dÄ“) family is a part of the order Carnivora within the mammals (Class Mammalia). ... Species Canis adustus Canis aureus Canis dirus (extinct) Canis latrans Canis lupus Canis mesomelas Canis simensis   † also includes dogs. ... Binomial name Canis aureus Linnaeus, 1758 Golden Jackals (Canis aureus), also called Asiatic or Common Jackals, are small jackals native to northern and central Africa and southern Asia. ... Binomial name Canis adustus Sundevall, 1847 The Side-striped jackal (Canis adustus) is a member of the family Canidae, native to central and Southern African. ... Binomial name Schreber, 1775 Black-backed Jackal range The Black-backed jackal (Canis mesomelas) is an African canine with a fox-like appearance, tan fur, and a thick stripe of black and silver running down its back. ...

A jackal (from Turkish çakal, via Persian shaghal ultimately from Sanskrit sṛgālaḥ [1][2]) is any of three (sometimes four) small to medium-sized members of the family Canidae, found in Africa, Asia and Southeastern Europe.[3] Jackals fill a similar ecological niche to the Coyote in North America, that of scavengers and lesser predators. Their long legs and curved canine teeth are adapted for hunting small mammals, birds and reptiles. Blunt feet and fused leg bones give them a long-distance runner's physique, capable of maintaining speeds of 16km/h (10mph) (just over 6 min/mile) for extended periods of time. They are nocturnal, most active at dawn and dusk. Persian (Local names: فارسی Fârsi or پارسی Pârsi)* is an Indo-European language spoken in Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan as well as by minorities in Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, India, Pakistan, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Southern Russia, neighboring countries, and elsewhere. ... The Sanskrit language ( , for short ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Jainism, and one of the 23 official languages of India. ... Genera Alopex Atelocynus Canis Cerdocyon Chrysocyon Cuon Cynotherium † Dusicyon † Dasycyon † Fennecus (Part of Vulpes) Lycalopex (Part of Pseudalopex) Lycaon Nyctereutes Otocyon Pseudalopex Speothos Urocyon Vulpes The Canidae (′kanə′dÄ“) family is a part of the order Carnivora within the mammals (Class Mammalia). ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... Small Text For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... World map showing the location of Europe. ... Binomial name Say, 1823 Coyote range The coyote (Canis latrans, meaning barking dog) also prairie wolf [2]) is a member of the Canidae (dog) family and a close relative of the Gray Wolf. ... For a person who scavenges, see Waste picker. ... This snapping turtle is trying to make a meal of a Canada goose, but the goose is too wary. ... The Canine teeth are the long, pointed teeth used for grabbing hold of and tearing apart foods, also called cuspids, dogteeth or fangs. Species that feature them, such as humans and dogs, usually have four, two in the top jaw, two in the lower, on either side of the Incisors. ... Subclasses & Infraclasses Subclass †Allotheria* Subclass Prototheria Subclass Theria Infraclass †Trituberculata Infraclass Metatheria Infraclass Eutheria Mammals (class Mammalia) are warm-blooded, vertebrate animals characterized by the production of milk in female mammary glands and by the presence of: hair, three middle ear bones used in hearing, and a neocortex region in... “Aves” redirects here. ... Subclasses Anapsida Diapsida Synonyms Reptilia Laurenti, 1768 Reptiles are tetrapods and amniotes, animals whose embryos are surrounded by an amniotic membrane, and members of the class Sauropsida. ...


In jackal society the social unit is that of a monogamous pair which defends its territory from other pairs. These territories are defended by vigorously chasing intruding rivals and marking landmarks around the territory with urine and feces. The territory may be large enough to hold some young adults who stay with their parents until they establish their own territory. Jackals may occasionally assemble in small packs, for example to scavenge a carcass, but normally hunt alone or as a pair. This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Horse feces Feces, faeces, or fæces (see spelling differences) is a waste product from an animals digestive tract expelled through the anus (or cloaca) during defecation. ...


Jackals are considered close to what all ancestral canids looked and behaved like. Despite their outward similarity, these species are not considered closely related to one another. The Simian Jackal is actually a wolf that is thought to have taken on the appearance of a large fox or jackal through convergent evolution (by adopting a similar diet of small rodents), and the other three 'true jackals' are believed to have split from each other 6 mya. The Golden Jackal is thought to have evolved in Asia whilst the other two species evolved in Africa. The hierarchy of scientific classification. ... Binomial name Canis simensis Ruppell, 1840 The Ethiopian Wolf (Canis simensis), also known as the Abyssinian Wolf, Simien Jackal or Simien Fox, is one of the rarest and most endangered of all canids, and is found in the Afro-alpine regions of Ethiopia, about 10,000 feet (3,000 meters... Wolf Wolf Man Mount Wolf Wolf Prizes Wolf Spider Wolf 424 Wolf 359 Wolf Point Wolf-herring Frank Wolf Friedrich Wolf Friedrich August Wolf Hugo Wolf Johannes Wolf Julius Wolf Max Franz Joseph Cornelius Wolf Maximilian Wolf Rudolf Wolf Thomas Wolf As Name Wolf Breidenbach Wolf Hirshorn Other The call... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... In evolutionary biology, convergent evolution is the process whereby organisms not closely related, independently evolve similar traits as a result of having to adapt to similar environments or ecological niches. ... Suborders Sciuromorpha Castorimorpha Myomorpha Anomaluromorpha Hystricomorpha Rodentia is an order of mammals also known as rodents. ... For other uses of mya, see mya (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Canis aureus Linnaeus, 1758 Golden Jackals (Canis aureus), also called Asiatic or Common Jackals, are small jackals native to northern and central Africa and southern Asia. ... Small Text For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ...


The Ancient Egyptian god of embalming and the underworld, Anubis, was depicted as a man with a jackal's head. Today they are one of the more commonly seen animals on safaris, and are found outside of national parks and do well in human altered landscapes and even near and in human settlements. Map of Ancient Egypt Ancient Egypt was the civilization of the Nile Valley between about 3000 BC and the conquest of Egypt by Alexander the Great in 332 BC. As a civilization based on irrigation it is the quintessential example of an hydraulic empire. ... This article discusses the term God in the context of monotheism and henotheism. ... Embalming, in most modern cultures, is the art and science of temporarily preserving human remains to forestall decomposition and make it suitable for display at a funeral. ... // In the study of mythology and religion, the underworld is a generic term approximately equivalent to the lay term afterlife, referring to any place to which newly dead souls go. ... Anubis is the Greek name for the ancient jackal-headed god of the dead in Egyptian mythology whose hieroglyphic version is more accurately spelled Anpu (also Anupu, Anbu, Wip, Ienpw, Inepu, Yinepu, Inpu, or Inpw). ... Map of Africa 1890 Look up safari in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Brecon Beacons National Park, Wales, UK A national park is a reserve of land, usually declared and owned by a national government, protected from most human development and pollution. ...

A Black-backed Jackal in Etosha National Park, Namibia
A Black-backed Jackal in Etosha National Park, Namibia

Species: This image (C) User:Pcb21, 1999. ... This image (C) User:Pcb21, 1999. ... Etosha National Park in Namibia was first established in 1907, when Namibia was a German colony known as South West Africa. ...

  • Golden Jackal (Canis aureus)
  • Side-striped Jackal (Canis adustus)
  • Black-backed Jackal (Canis mesomelas)

The Ethiopian Wolf (Canis simensis) is sometimes called the Red or Simian Jackal, but is more closely related to the wolves. Binomial name Canis aureus Linnaeus, 1758 Golden Jackals (Canis aureus), also called Asiatic or Common Jackals, are small jackals native to northern and central Africa and southern Asia. ... Binomial name Canis adustus Sundevall, 1847 The Side-striped jackal (Canis adustus) is a member of the family Canidae, native to central and Southern African. ... Binomial name Schreber, 1775 Black-backed Jackal range The Black-backed jackal (Canis mesomelas) is an African canine with a fox-like appearance, tan fur, and a thick stripe of black and silver running down its back. ... Binomial name Canis simensis Ruppell, 1840 Map of the range of the Ethiopian Wolf. ...

Contents

Trivia

  • In the 1976 movie The Omen, and its 2006 remake, a jackal gives birth to Damien Thorn (the Antichrist).
  • In Charles Dickens' novel A Tale of Two Cities, a main character, Sydney Carton is portrayed as a Jackal.
  • In English, the expression 'jackalling' is sometimes used to describe the work done by a subordinate to save the time of a superior. (For example, a junior lawyer may peruse large quantities of material on behalf of a barrister.) This come from the tradition that the jackal will sometimes lead a lion to its prey. In other languages, the same word is sometimes used to describe the behaviour of persons who try to scavenge scraps from the misfortunes of others, for example by looting a village from which the inhabitants have fled because of a disaster.
  • In Nonviolent Communication, "jackal language" refers to communication that labels, judges and criticizes.
  • In Johann David Wyss's The Swiss Family Robinson, the two dogs battle a dozen or more jackals.
  • In the movie Babel, the Moroccan family buys a rifle to shoot jackals.
  • In the movie Dirty Rotten Scoundrals, the supposed master con artist's alias is The Jackal.
  • Billy Corgan, lead singer/guitarist of Smashing Pumpkins mentions jackals in the songs "X.Y.U." and "Doomsday Clock".

This does not cite any references or sources. ... Seamus Davey-Fitzpatrick as Damien in The Omen remake Damien Thorn is the main fictional character in The Omen series (The Omen, Omen II, Omen III, The Omen 2006 remake). ... For the Friedrich Nietzsche book, see The Antichrist. ... A Tale of Two Cities (1859) is a historical novel by Charles Dickens. ... Nonviolent communication (NVC) is a process developed by Marshall Rosenberg and others which people use to communicate with greater compassion and clarity. ... The Swiss Family Robinson (Der Schweizerische Robinson) is a novel, first published in 1812, about a Swiss family who is shipwrecked in the East Indies en route to Port Jackson, Australia. ... William Patrick Billy Corgan, Jr. ... The Smashing Pumpkins (circa 1995) left to right: James Iha, DArcy, Billy Corgan and Jimmy Chamberlin. ...

References

  • The New Encyclopedia of Mammals edited by David Macdonald, Oxford University Press, 2001; ISBN 0-19-850823-9

Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ...

See also

In Trebizond folklore, the Bardi (feminine jackal) is a shapechanging spirit or a rabid animal who presage a death by wailing. ... Trabzon, formerly known as Trebizond, is a city on the Black Sea coast of north-eastern Turkey. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Anubis is the Greek name for the ancient jackal-headed god of the dead in Egyptian mythology whose hieroglyphic version is more accurately spelled Anpu (also Anupu, Anbu, Wip, Ienpw, Inepu, Yinepu, Inpu, or Inpw). ...

External links

  • Jackal: Wildlife summary from the African Wildlife Foundation

Footnotes

  1. ^ American Heritage Dictionary - Jackal entry
  2. ^ Online Etymology Dictionary - Jackal entry
  3. ^ Ivory, A. 1999. "Canis aureus" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed January 18, 2007 at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Canis_aureus.html.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Electric Scooters, electric bicycles and electric motor bikes, the Jackal electric bicycle (269 words)
The Jackal is a high speed, high performance, standing or sitting, electric bicycle hand built in California.
The Jackal is a high performance electric bicycle built using the highest quality parts and components.
The Jackal Performance shares many of the same characteristics of it's brother, but is now available with the best names in bicycle components.
Jackal - LoveToKnow 1911 (400 words)
Jackals are nocturnal animals, concealing themselves until dusk in woody jungles and other natural lurking places, and then sallying forth in packs, which sometimes number two hundred individuals, and visiting farmyards, villages and towns in search of food.
The cry of the jackal is even more appalling than that of the hyena, a shriek from one member of a pack being the signal for a general chorus of screams, which is kept up during the greater part of the night.
Jackals are readily tamed; and domesticated individuals are said, when called by their masters, to wag their tails, crouch and throw themselves on the ground, and otherwise behave in a dog-like fashion.
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