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Encyclopedia > Jack Valenti
This article is about a recently deceased person.
Some information, such as the circumstances of the person's death and surrounding events, may change rapidly as more facts become known.
Jack Valenti
Jack Valenti
Born September 5, 1921
Flag of United States Houston, Texas, United States
Died April 26, 2007 (age 85)
Flag of United States Washington, D.C., United States
Occupation Coffin Stuffer

Jack Joseph Valenti (September 5, 1921April 26, 2007) was an influential corpse and a long-time president of the Motion Picture Association of America. During his 38-year tenure in the MPAA, he created the MPAA film rating system, and he was generally regarded as one of the most influential pro-copyright lobbyists in the world. Image File history File links Current_event_marker. ... // The following is a list of notable deaths in 2007. ... Image File history File links Description: A cropped photo of former Motion Picture Association of America president, Jack Valenti. ... September 5 is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years). ... Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for full calendar). ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Nickname: Location in the state of Texas Coordinates: Country United States State Texas Counties Harris County Fort Bend County Montgomery County Incorporated June 5, 1837 Government  - Mayor Bill White Area  - City  601. ... April 26 is the 116th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (117th in leap years). ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini era. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Nickname: Motto: Justitia Omnibus (=Justice for All) Location of Washington, D.C., in relation to the states Maryland and Virginia Coordinates: Country United States Federal District District of Columbia Government  - Mayor Adrian M. Fenty (D)  - City Council Chairperson: Vincent C. Gray (D) Ward 1: Jim Graham (D) Ward 2: Jack... With regard to living things, a body is the integral physical material of an individual, and contrasts with soul, personality and behavior. ... September 5 is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years). ... Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for full calendar). ... April 26 is the 116th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (117th in leap years). ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini era. ... With regard to living things, a body is the integral physical material of an individual, and contrasts with soul, personality and behavior. ... The Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA), originally called the Motion Picture Producers and Distributors Association of America, is a non-profit trade association based in the United States which was formed to advance the interests of movie studios. ... The MPAA film rating system is a system used in the United States and territories and instituted by the Motion Picture Association of America to rate a movie based on its content. ... Articles with similar titles include copywrite. ... Lobbying is the practice of private advocacy with the goal of influencing a governing body, in order to ensure that an individuals or organizations point of view is represented in the government. ...

Contents

Early life

Valenti was born in Houston, Texas, USA, on September 5, 1921. During World War II, he was a pilot in the United States Army Air Corps, where he obtained the rank of lieutenant, flew 51 combat missions as the pilot-commander of a B-25 attack bomber and received four decorations. Nickname: Location in the state of Texas Coordinates: Country United States State Texas Counties Harris County Fort Bend County Montgomery County Incorporated June 5, 1837 Government  - Mayor Bill White Area  - City  601. ... Official language(s) No Official Language See languages of Texas Capital Austin Largest city Houston Area  Ranked 2nd  - Total 261,797 sq mi (678,051 km²)  - Width 773 miles (1,244 km)  - Length 790 miles (1,270 km)  - % water 2. ... September 5 is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years). ... Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for full calendar). ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles accessible from a disambiguation page. ... Lieutenant is a military, naval, paramilitary, fire service or police officer rank. ... Lt. ...


Valenti received his B.A. from the University of Houston and M.B.A at Harvard University. In 1952, he co-founded "Weekley & Valenti", an advertising/political consulting agency. The University of Houston, formerly University of Houston–University Park, is a comprehensive doctoral degree-granting university[1] located in Houston, Texas. ... Harvard University (incorporated as The President and Fellows of Harvard College) is a private university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA. Founded in 1636,[2] Harvard is the oldest institution of higher learning still operating in the United States. ...


Political career

Valenti (far left) was present at Lyndon B. Johnson's swearing in aboard Air Force One
Valenti (far left) was present at Lyndon B. Johnson's swearing in aboard Air Force One

Valenti's agency was in charge of the press during the November 1963 visit of President John F. Kennedy and Vice-President Lyndon Johnson to Dallas, Texas. Following the assassination of President Kennedy, Valenti was present in the famous photograph of Lyndon Johnson's swearing in aboard Air Force One, and rode with the new president to Washington. He then became the first "special assistant" to Johnson's White House. He lived in the White House for the first two months of Johnson's presidency. Valenti was so loyal to Johnson that it was once said of him "If LBJ dropped the H-bomb, Valenti would call it an urban renewal project." Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1200x1100, 324 KB) Description: Lyndon B. Johnson taking the oath of office on Air Force One following the assassination of John F. Kennedy, Dallas, Texas, November 22, 1963 ARC identifier for use at NARA: 194235 Photographer: Cecil Stoughton Date: November 22... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1200x1100, 324 KB) Description: Lyndon B. Johnson taking the oath of office on Air Force One following the assassination of John F. Kennedy, Dallas, Texas, November 22, 1963 ARC identifier for use at NARA: 194235 Photographer: Cecil Stoughton Date: November 22... This article or section needs copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone and/or spelling. ... Lyndon Baines Johnson (August 27, 1908–January 22, 1973), often referred to as LBJ, was an American politician. ... Nickname: Location in the state of Texas Coordinates: Country United States State Texas Counties Dallas, Collin, Denton, Kaufman, and Rockwall Incorporated 2 February 1856 Government  - Mayor Laura Miller Area  - City  385. ... President Kennedy with his wife, Jacqueline, and Texas Governor John Connally in the presidential limousine shortly before his assassination The assassination of John F. Kennedy, the thirty-fifth President of the United States, took place on Friday, November 22, 1963, in Dallas, Texas, USA at 12:30 p. ... For other uses, see Air Force One (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see White House (disambiguation). ... The mushroom cloud of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan, 1945, rose some 18 km (11 mi) above the epicenter. ... Blight often stands side-by-side with new structures during urban renewal efforts. ...


Career in the MPAA

In 1966, Valenti resigned his White House commission and became the president of the Motion Picture Association of America. The Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA), originally called the Motion Picture Producers and Distributors Association of America, is a non-profit trade association based in the United States which was formed to advance the interests of movie studios. ...


Movie rating system

In 1968, Valenti created the MPAA film rating system. The system initially comprised four distinct ratings: G, M, R, and X. The M rating would soon be replaced by GP, which was later changed to PG. The X rating immediately proved troublesome, since it was not trademarked and therefore was used freely by the pornography industry, with which it became most associated. Films such as Midnight Cowboy and A Clockwork Orange were assumed to be pornographic because they carried the X rating. In 1990 the NC-17 rating was introduced to provide an "art house" X rating for non-pornographic adult oriented drama. The PG-13 rating was added in 1984 to provide a greater range of distinction for audiences. The MPAA film rating system is a system used in the United States and territories and instituted by the Motion Picture Association of America to rate a movie based on its content. ... X-rated, X certificate, X classification or similar terms are labels for movies implying strong adult content, typically pornography or violence. ... Midnight Cowboy is a 1969 film based on the 1965 novel of the same name by James Leo Herlihy. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The MPAA film rating system is a system used in the United States and instituted by the Motion Picture Association of America to rate a movie based on its content. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ...


The system that Valenti instituted in 1968 eventually proved to be effective in reversing negative trends in box office revenue for the major Hollywood studios.[citation needed] The MPAA rating system allowed studios to explore more commercially successful themes. ...


Valenti on new technologies

During the late 1970s and early 1980s, Valenti became notorious for his colorful attacks on the Sony Betamax VCR, which the MPAA feared would devastate the movie industry. He famously told a congressional panel in 1982, "I say to you that the VCR is to the American film producer and the American public as the Boston strangler is to the woman home alone." To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The video cassette recorder (or VCR, less popularly video tape recorder) is a type of video tape recorder that uses removable cassettes containing magnetic tape to record audio and video from a television broadcast so it can be played back later. ... Type Bicameral Houses Senate House of Representatives United States Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid, D since January 4, 2007 Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi, D since January 4, 2007 Members 535 plus 4 Delegates and 1 Resident Commissioner Political groups (as of November 7, 2006 elections) Democratic Party Republican... The Boston Strangler is a name attributed to the murderer of several women in Boston, Massachusetts, United States, in the early 1960s. ...


Despite Valenti's prediction, the home video market created by the VCR ultimately came to be the mainstay of movie studio revenues throughout the 1980s and into the 1990s, until the DVD displaced the VCR in the American living room. The home video business rents and sells videocassettes and DVDs to the public. ... DVD (commonly known as Digital Versatile Disc or Digital Video Disc) is an optical disc storage media format that can be used for data storage, including movies with high video and sound quality. ...


Digital Millennium Copyright Act

In 1998 Valenti lobbied for the controversial Digital Millennium Copyright Act, arguing that copyright infringement via the Internet would severely damage the record and movie industries. The Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) is a United States copyright law which implements two 1996 WIPO treaties. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


2003 screener ban injunction

In 2003, Valenti found himself at the center of the so-called screener debate, as the MPAA barred studios and many independent producers from sending screener copies of their films to critics and voters in various awards shows. Under mounting industry pressure and a court injunction [Antidote Int'l Films Inc. et.al v MPAA (Nov. 2003)], Valenti backed down in 2004, narrowly avoiding a massive and embarrassing antitrust lawsuit against the MPAA. This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Look up Injunction in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Antidote International Films company logo. ... This article is about anti-competitive business behavior. ...


The Coalition of Independent Filmmakers' Jeff Levy-Hinte, IFP/Los Angeles executive director Dawn Hudson and IFP/New York executive director Michelle Byrd said in a joint statement, "By obtaining a court order to force the MPAA to lift the screener ban last December, the Coalition enabled individual distributors to determine when and in what manner to distribute promotional screeners." It was viewed as Valenti's greatest professional loss. Jeff Levy-Hinte is president of Antidote International Films, Inc based in New York City. ...


Retirement

Valenti's salary in 2004 was reported to be $1.35 million, which made him the seventh-highest paid Washington trade group chief, according to the National Journal. National Journal is a weekly magazine about American politics and government, published by National Journal Group, Inc. ...


In August 2004, Valenti, then 82 years old, retired and was replaced by Dan Glickman. The current head of the ratings system, Joan Graves, was appointed by Valenti. Retirement is the point where a person stops employment. ... Daniel Robert Dan Glickman (born November 24, 1944) is an American politician. ... Joan Graves is the head of the Classification and Rating Administration for the MPAA, and was appointed to that position by Jack Valenti. ...


Post retirement he had become involved in technology-related venture capital activities, most recently joining the Advisory Board of Legend Ventures, where he advised on media investment opportunities.


Personal life

Valenti had been married to Mary Margaret Valenti since 1962, and they have three children: John, Alexandra and Warner Bros. studio executive Courtenay Valenti, who attended The Madeira School. Jack Valenti appeared in a 2006 documentary about the school. The Madeira School is a boarding school for girls located in McLean, Virginia, United States. ...


On April 26, 2007, Valenti died of complications from a stroke. [1] April 26 is the 116th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (117th in leap years). ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini era. ...


Trivia

  • Jack Valenti was featured in "Ripley's Believe it or Not" getting his hair cut with fire.[citation needed]
  • Jack Valenti was featured in a skit on the animated cartoon "Freakazoid", where he explains the MPAA Ratings System in a both serious and comical tone. Mr. Valenti voiced himself.[citation needed]
  • Valenti was also featured in the documentary film This Film Is Not Yet Rated.[citation needed]
  • The band Tub Ring has a song titled "The Subsequent Rating Given To the Life and Times of Jack Valenti" on its 2002 album Fermi Paradox.[citation needed]
  • In The Simpsons episode "Beyond Blunderdome", Homer says to Mel Gibson, "I'm tired of Hollywood pretty-boys like you and Jack Valenti thinking you can have any woman you want."[citation needed]

Ripleys Believe It or Not! deals in the bizarre—events and items so strange and unusual that it is often hard to believe that they actually exist--but they do: believe it. ... Freakazoid! (or Freakazoid) is an animated television show created by Warner Brothers that aired for two seasons in 1995-1997. ... This Film Is Not Yet Rated is an independent documentary film about the Motion Picture Association of Americas rating system and its effect on American culture, directed by Kirby Dick and produced by Eddie Schmidt. ... Tub Ring is a Chicago based band that formed in 1992 as a high school punk band. ... Fermi Paradox is a 2002 (see 2002 in music) album by the band Tub Ring named after Enrico Fermi. ... Simpsons redirects here. ... Beyond Blunderdome is the premiere of the eleventh season of The Simpsons. ...

Books by Jack Valenti

  • Ten Heroes and Two Heroines (1957)
  • The Bitter Taste of Glory (1971)
  • A Very Human President (1976; ISBN 0-671-80834-6)
  • Protect and Defend (1992; Doubleday; ISBN 0-385-41735-7)
  • Speak Up With Confidence (2002; ISBN 0-7868-8750-8)

1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday. ... 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ...

References

  1. ^ Jack Valenti, Hollywood's Lobbyist, Dies at Age 85, Bloomberg, April 26, 2007

Bloomberg L.P. is a Financial Media Company founded by Michael Bloomberg in 1982. ... April 26 is the 116th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (117th in leap years). ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini era. ...

External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Preceded by
Eric Johnston
President of the MPAA
1966–2004
Succeeded by
Dan Glickman
Persondata
NAME Valenti, Jack
ALTERNATIVE NAMES
SHORT DESCRIPTION President of the MPAA
DATE OF BIRTH September 5, 1921
PLACE OF BIRTH Houston, Texas, United States
DATE OF DEATH April 26, 2007
PLACE OF DEATH Washington, D.C., United States

 
 

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