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Encyclopedia > Jack Russell Terrier Club of America

The Jack Russell Terrier Club of America [1] {JRTCA) is the largest Jack Russell Terrier club and registry in the world, and is the National Breed Club and Registry for the Jack Russell Terrier in the United States. The Jack Russell Terrier is a type of small terrier that has its origins in fox hunting and rat catching. ...

The JRTCA is affiliated with the Jack Russell Terrier United World Federation (JRTUWF), an organization of Jack Russell clubs dedicated to protecting the working Jack Russell Terrier worldwide. The JRTCA is NOT affiliated in any way with the American Kennel Club (AKC). The American Kennel Club (or AKC) is the largest registry of purebred dog pedigrees in the United States. ...

JRTCA membership includes members from the U.S. and other countries including Canada, England, Scotland, Australia, South Africa, Sweden, Japan, and the Bahamas. The JRTCA Annual National Trial[2] attracts approximately 1,200 Jack Russells from all over the U.S. and Canada, and is the largest exclusively Jack Russell Terrier gathering in the world.

History, Philosophy and Structure

The JRTCA was founded in 1976 by Mrs. Alisia Crawford, one of the first Jack Russell Terrier breeders in the United States. Ms. Crawford and the early founders of the Jack Russell Terrier Club put a lot of thought into structuring the JRTCA so that work remained front and center.

Towards that end, the club decided that its highest award — the “Bronze Medallion” — would not go to show dogs, but to working dogs that had demonstrated their ability in the field by working at least three of six types of American quarry — red fox, Gray fox, raccoon, groundhog, opossum, or badger in front of a JRTCA-certified field judge. Binomial name Vulpes vulpes Linnaeus, 1758 Synonyms Vulpes fulva, Vulpes fulvus The Red Fox (Vulpes vulpes) is the most familiar of the foxes. ... Binomial name Urocyon cinereoargenteus (Schreber, 1775) The Gray Fox (Urocyon cinereoargenteus) is a species of fox ranging from southern Canada, throughout most of the lower United States and Central America, to Venezuela. ... Type Species Procyon lotor Linnaeus, 1758 Species Procyon cancrivorus Procyon insularis Procyon lotor Raccoons are nocturnal mammals in the genus Procyon of the Procyonidae family. ... Binomial name Marmota monax (Linnaeus, 1758) The groundhog (Marmota monax), also known as the woodchuck, land beaver, or the whistlepig, is a rodent of the family Sciuridae, belonging to the group of large ground squirrels known as marmots. ... This article or section should be merged with Virginia_opossum The word opossum (usually pronounced without the leading O, or with only a very slight schwa) refers either to the Virginia Opossum in particular, or more generally to any of the other marsupials of magnorder Ameridelphia. ... Genera  Arctonyx  Melogale  Meles  Mellivora  Taxidea For other uses, see Badger (disambiguation). ...

In the show ring the Jack Russell Terrier Club of America decided to ban professional handlers as it was thought this would make the shows less serious (and more fun) while keeping the focus on the essential element of work.

Instead of mandating the kind of narrow conformation ranges demanded by the American Kennel Club for their terrier breeds, the JRTCA decided to divide the diverse world of the Jack Russell Terrier into three coat types (smooth, broken and rough), and two sizes (10 inches tall to 12.5 inches tall, and 12.5 inches tall to 15 inches tall).“Different horses for different courses” became the watchword, with overt recognition that different quarry, different earths, and different climates required different dogs.

Unlike the Kennel Club, the Jack Russell Terrier Club of America also decided to maintain an “open” registry so that new blood might be infused at times. At the same time, the JRTCA discouraged inbreeding and eventually restricted line breeding to a set percentage. Inbreeding is breeding between close relatives, whether plant or animal. ...

To balance off an open-registry with the desire to keep Jack Russell-type dogs looking like Jack Russells, the JRTCA decided not to allow dogs to be registered at birth or to register entire litters. Instead, each adult dog would be photographed from both sides and the front, with each dog admitted to the registry on its own merit. In addition, each dog had to be measured for height and chest span.

This last element turned out to be quite important, as it meant that the height and chest measurements of adult dogs were recorded as they were registered. Over time, both height and chest size of adult dogs could be tracked through pedigrees — an essential element of breeding correctly-sized working terriers.

The JRTCA was not shy about their rationale for these rules: they openly and emphatically opposed Kennel Club registration, maintaining that time had show that dogs brought into the Kennel Club quickly grew too big and often lost other essential working attributes such as nose, voice, and prey drive.

Today the Jack Russell Terrier Club of America is the largest Jack Russell Terrier club and registry in the world, and its Annual National Trial attracts approximately 1,200 Jack Russell terriers from all over the U.S. and Canada. The Jack Russell Terrier is a type of small terrier that has its origins in fox hunting and rat catching. ...

The JRTCA’s small professional staff cranks out a bimonthly magazine (entitled "True Grit") that is 80-100 pages long, holds a regular schedule of dog shows, and sells Deben locator collars and fox nets for the working terrier enthusiast.

The web site of the Jack Russell Terrier Club of America [3] is packed with well-presented information, high-quality graphics, and a user-friendly layout, and reflects the full diversity of the Jack Russell Terrier community, from pet to performance, and from show to field work.

Perhaps the most important service work of the JRTCA has been the ads the Club routinely runs in all-breed publications warning people that Jack Russell Terriers are not a dog for everyone, are primarily a hunting dog, and are not like the cute dogs seen on TV and in the movies. The JRTCA's "Bad Dog Talk" section is particularly recommended for anyone thinking about getting a Jack Russell Terrier [4] The Jack Russell Terrier is a type of small terrier that has its origins in fox hunting and rat catching. ...

A JRTCA Directory of Breeders is published annually, which includes breeders throughout the country as well as educational information geared towards those purchasing a JR. A JRTCA Stud Book is published semi-annually to assist JR owners in planning breedings.

To read more

The Jack Russell Terrier is a type of small terrier that has its origins in fox hunting and rat catching. ...

External links

  Results from FactBites:
The Ultimate Jack Russell Terrier Dog Breeds Information Guide and Reference (1469 words)
The Parson Russell Terrier itself was known as the Jack Russell Terrier in the United States until 2003.
Jack Russells who are not trained on a consistent basis, or are not exercised regularly, may exhibit behaviors that are considered aggressive or unmanageable.
Russell terriers were first bred by the Reverend Mr.
Dog and Kennel Magazine Parson Jack Russell Terrier (2430 words)
Russell was so taken with Trump, it has been said, that he bought her on the spot the first time he saw her.
Russell was fortunate that she did, for in later years she was able to take over as master of his pack of hounds when the Bishop of Exeter, Russell's superior, demanded that he give up that stewardship.
In the latter event the Jack Russell terrier is expected to bark energetically to indicate the location of its quarry and to stay at the task until the hunter comes along to unearth the dog and whatever it has cornered.
  More results at FactBites »



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