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Encyclopedia > Jablonec nad Nisou

Coordinates: 50°43′N 15°10′E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically); large version (pdf) The geographic (earth-mapping) coordinate system expresses every horizontal position on Earth by two of the three coordinates of a spherical coordinate system which is aligned with the spin axis of the Earth. ...

Jablonec nad Nisou, Czech Republic
Coat-of-arms N/A
Region (kraj) Liberec (Liberecký)
Population 44,829 (2003)
Area 31.4 km²
Coordinates 50°43′ N 15°10′ E
Elevation 495 m AMSL
First documented 1356
Website www.mestojablonec.cz

Jablonec nad Nisou (-Czech, German: Gablonz an der Neiße) is a town in northern Bohemia, the second largest town of the Liberec Region. It is known as a mountain resort in the Jizera Mountains, an education centre, and a centre of world-production of glass and jewellery. Region can be used to mean either: any more or less well-defined geographical area of a country or continent, defined by geography, culture or history in political geography, an administrative subdivision of a country or of the European Union. ... A kraj (plural: kraje) is the highest-level administrative unit in the Czech Republic, Slovakia, and historically in Czechoslovakia. ... Liberec Region (Czech: Liberecký kraj) is an administrative unit (Czech: kraj) of the Czech Republic, located in the northernmost part of its historical region of Bohemia. ... Liberec Region (Czech: Liberecký kraj) is an administrative unit (Czech: kraj) of the Czech Republic, located in the northernmost part of its historical region of Bohemia. ... The term above mean sea level (AMSL) refers to the elevation (on the ground) or altitude (in the air) of any object, relative to the average sea level. ... Events January 20 - Edward Balliol surrenders title as King of Scotland to Edward III of England April 16 — the King of the Serbian Kingdom of RaÅ¡ka Stefan DuÅ¡an is proclaimed Tsar (Emperor) of all Serbs, Arbanasses and Greeks in Skopje by the Serbian Orthodox Christian Patriarch of a... Image File history File links Jablonec_nad_Nisou_(Czech_town)_-_location. ... Bohemia. ... Liberec Region (Czech: Liberecký kraj) is an administrative unit (Czech: kraj) of the Czech Republic, located in the northernmost part of its historical region of Bohemia. ... Mountain Resort in Chengde The Mountain Resort (Chinese: 避暑山庄, pinyin: BìshÇ” Shānzhuāng, literally: Mountain Resort for Avoiding the Heat) or Ligong (Chinese: 离宫, pinyin: Lígōng, the Qing Dynastys summer palace) situated in the city of Chengde in Hebei Province, China, is the worlds largest existing... Jizera Mountains (Czech: Jizerské hory, Polish: Góry Izerskie, German: Isergebirge, also translated as Izera Mountains) are part of the Sudetes mountain range on the border between Bohemia and Silesia. ... This article refers to the material. ... Jewellery (Jewelry in American spelling) comprises ornamental objects worn by persons, typically made with gemstones and precious metals. ...

Contents


History

The village of Jablonec (in English this means "place with apple-trees") was founded in the 14th century; the first written document dates back to 1356. In August 1496, the village was burnt to the ground by troops of the rebelling Lusatian Towns Group in the war between them and the Bohemian king George of Podebrady. In the 18th century, the first artificial jewellery was produced and the first exporter, J. F. Schwan, spread its name throughout Europe. The village of Jablonec was promoted to a township by the Bohemian king Francis I on April 21, 1808 and to a town by king Francis Joseph on March 28, 1866. The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Binomial name Malus domestica Borkh. ... Events January 20 - Edward Balliol surrenders title as King of Scotland to Edward III of England April 16 — the King of the Serbian Kingdom of Raška Stefan Dušan is proclaimed Tsar (Emperor) of all Serbs, Arbanasses and Greeks in Skopje by the Serbian Orthodox Christian Patriarch of a... 1496 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... George of Podebrady - statue in Kunštát (Czech Republic). ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... Francis II Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor, who is also referred to as Francis von Habsburg or Emperor Franz I of Austria (February 12, 1768 – March 2, 1835) was the last Holy Roman Emperor, ruling from 1792 until August 6, 1806, when the Empire was disbanded. ... Franz Joseph I Franz Joseph (in English also Francis Joseph) (August 18, 1830 - November 21, 1916) of the Habsburg Dynasty was Emperor of Austria and King of Bohemia from 1848 until 1916 and King of Hungary from 1867 until 1916. ...


In the 19th century the town became prosperous and wealthy: between 1870 - 1871 the French-Prussian war pushed the most dangerous competition in glass and artificial jewellery manufacturing out of business. Jablonec traders seized the foreign markets and they did not give them up any more. A steady flow of glass and artificial jewellery products of an incredibly wide range flowed out of the town for the next 60 years. Prosperity and wealth walked hand in hand with demographic advancs; Jablonec's appearance was changing dramatically. A deep decline of the glass and jewellery industry followed Black Friday in 1929 and the crisis of the 1930s. In October 1938, Jablonec was occupied by Hitler's Germany. Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Wall Street Crash of 1929, also called the Great Crash or the Crash of 29, is the stock-market crash that occurred in late October, 1929. ... 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Jablonec today

Today's Jablonec is a centre of active holiday tourism and sport, with a swimming pool, 3 soccer and athletic stadiums, a hockey stadium, 13 gyms and 16 playgrounds. It is also well-known for its modern architecture from the 1900s, 1920s and 1930s. Jablonec valley dam is the northest intra-urban valley dam in Europe.


Jablonec shares the tramway line which connects it to its neighboring city, Liberec. Tramway line in winter (from http://doprava. ... Town hall Liberec ( (help· info), German: Reichenberg, Romany: Libertsis) is a city of the Czech Republic, in the Liberec Region. ...


Famous people

  • Josef Zasche (b. 1871 d. 1957), architect
  • Gustave Leutelt (b. 1860 d. 1947), writer
  • Josef Schindler (b. 1814 d. 1890), collaborator of Vincenz Priessnitz
  • Josef Vaclav Scheybal (b. 1928 d. 2001), ethnographer
  • Peter Herman Adler(*) (1899-1990), conductor, lived in Prague, Brünn, Bremen, Kiev and from 1939 in the USA
  • Adolf Benda (1845-1878), historian, author of the Geschichte der Stadt Gablonz (History of the Town of Kobloenz) (1876-77)
  • Walter Dolch (1883-1914), literary historian and librarian, lived in Zittau, Prague and Braunau in Bohemia
  • Fidelio Finke (1860-1940), local historian, composer and teacher
  • Karl Richard Fischer (1871-1934), mayor and historian specialising in local history
  • Richard Fleissner (1903-1989), artist and professor of the School of Applied Arts in Jablonec and Munich
  • Rudolf Hasek (1890-1993), commander of the attacking Czech Legion in the fight against the Bolsheviks, exporter in Jablonec, took part in the resistance against the National Socialists and the Communists.
  • Robert Hemmrich (1871-1946), architect
  • Konrad Henlein (1898-1945), Sudeten German politician and National Socislist; the head of the Sudetenland Nazi district (Gau); born in Maltersdorf, went to university and lived in Jablonec
  • Heinrich Joseph (1875-1941), professor of zoology and anatomy, lived in Vienna
  • Gustav Leutelt (1860-1947), writer and poet
  • Wladimir Mikolasek (1918-1997), writer
  • Karel Mrazek (1910-1998), commander of the Bohemian Foreign Legion in the Royal Airforce in the Second World War
  • Jost Pietsch, sculptor
  • Rudolf Prade (1888-1944), artists and professor at the School of Applied Arts
  • Anton Randa (1864-1918), patron and founder of the town library
  • Marcel Safir (1912-1978), natural scientist and author of children's books
  • Josef Vaclav Scheybal (1928-2001), ethnographer and anthropologist
  • Josef Schindler (1814-1890), doctor, successor to Vincenz Priessnitzs at the Bad Gräfenberg sanitarium
  • Ladislav Stoll (1902-1981), Communist ideologist and pioneer of "Socialist literature", born in Jablonec
  • Johann Franz Schwann (1740-1812), founder of the Jablonec export industry
  • Karel Simon (1887-1960), French legionnaire, leader of the resistance against the National Socialists; mayor in May 1945
  • Josef Zasche (1871-1957), architect of the Catholic and Old Catholic churches in Jablonec, lived in Prague

Vincenz Priessnitz Chapel on the Vincent Priessnitz vault, Gräfenberg Hill, Jeseník Vincent Priessnitz, also written Vincenz Prießnitz (October 4, 1799 - November 28, 1851) originated the alternative medicine practices of hydrotherapy and the nature cure, which stressed remedies such as fresh air and mountain water over conventional medicine. ... Peter Herman Adler (1899 - 1990) was a U.S. (Czechoslovakian-born) conductor. ... Peter Herman Adler (1899, Jablonec nad Nisou - 1990) was a U.S. (Czech-born) conductor. ... Konrad Henlein as SS-Gruppenführer Konrad Henlein (May 6, 1898 - May 10, 1945) was the most important pro-Nazi politician in Czechoslovakia and leader of Sudeten German separatists. ... Gau can denote Gau, the German term for shire. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... Vincenz Priessnitz Chapel on the Vincent Priessnitz vault, Gräfenberg Hill, Jeseník Vincent Priessnitz, also written Vincenz Prießnitz (October 4, 1799 - November 28, 1851) originated the alternative medicine practices of hydrotherapy and the nature cure, which stressed remedies such as fresh air and mountain water over conventional medicine. ... Location of Lázně Jeseník in the Czech Republic Chapel on the Vincent Priessnitz vault, Gräfenberg Hill, Jeseník Lázně Jeseník (until 1948 and in German Gräfenberg) is small village in Olomouc Region of the Czech Republic. ...

External links

  • Municipal website
  • Guide-Book of Jablonec nad Nisou
  • City theatre (description in English)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Jablonec nad Nisou - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (726 words)
Jablonec nad Nisou (German: Gablonz an der Neiße) is a town in northern Bohemia, the second largest town of the Liberec Region.
Jablonec is a centre of active holiday tourism and sport, with a swimming pool, three football and athletic stadiums, an ice hockey arena, 13 gyms, and 16 playgrounds.
The Jablonec valley dam is the northest intra-urban valley dam in Europe.
Jablonec nad Nisou (456 words)
Jablonec nad Nisou awoke to the reality of a legendary place where the "Jablonec stuff " originated, was fabled of as "Austrian California" in the history books where folks grew rich overnight and their most daring dreams of multiplying their capital were coming true.
A dam of crystal clear water is right in the town; then there are the large sports facilities at Střelnice (athletic hall plus the prime league FK Jablonec Nad Nisou football stadium) and another one at Břízky (near the cross- country sküng track); a swimming-pool; an artificial ski piste at the outskirts; an artificial ice-rink.
Jablonec nad Nisou also has the Museum of Glass and Jewellery, the School of Applied Arts which specialises in jewellery, of course, and maintains a team of talented and enthusiastic teachers.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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