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Encyclopedia > Jaén, Spain

Jaén is a city in south-central Spain, the capital of the province of Jaén in the autonomous community of Andalusia. It is the agricultural and trade centre for the province. Industrial establishments in the city include chemical works, tanneries, distilleries, and textile factories. After the Moorish invasion of Spain during the 8th century, the city, then known as Jayyan, was developped as a trade centre. Remains of the Moorish fortifications and citadel still stand. Jaén is the seat of a Roman Catholic bishopric. Among the many points of interest is the Renaissance style cathedral, begun in 1532 and completed in the 18th century. Its population is 112,921 (2002), about 1/6 of the population of the province. In addition to its seventeen autonomous communities, Spain is divided into fifty provinces. ... Jaén Province may refer to Jaén Province, Spain Jaén Province, Peru This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Spains fifty provinces (provincias) are grouped into seventeen autonomous communities (comunidades aut nomas), in addition to two African autonomous cities (ciudades aut nomas) (Ceuta and Melilla). ... Motto: Dominator Hercules Fundator Andalucía por sí, para España y la humanidad (Andalusia for herself, for Spain, and for humanity) Capital Seville Area  – Total  – % of Spain Ranked 2nd  87 268 km²  17,2% Population  – Total (2003)  – % of Spain  – Density Ranked 1st  7 478 432  17,9%  85,70/km² Demonym... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... By Region: Italian Renaissance Northern Renaissance -French Renaissance -German Renaissance -English Renaissance The Renaissance was an influential cultural movement which brought about a period of scientific revolution and artistic transformation, at the dawn of modern European history. ... A cathedral is a Christian church building, specifically of a denomination with an episcopal hierarchy (such as the Roman Catholic Church or the Anglican churches), which serves as the central church of a bishopric. ...

Jaén is also known as the World Capital of Olive oil, because it's the biggest producer of this liquid gold (as people use to say there). In agriculture, olive oil is an oil extracted from the fruit of the European olive tree , which originated in the Mediterranean area. ...



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