The Junior Reserve Officer Training Corps (JROTC) is a program put forth by the United States Armed Forces in high schools across the nation that train highschool students in Leadership and Military Sciences. The program is entirely run by the cadets, with the assistance of two or more retired servicemen, a senior instructor (officer) and an assistant instructor (enlisted). In certain situations, there may be more than one assistant instructor. It is a program also found in most military schools.
JROTC programs exist for the following military branches: US Army, US Air Force, US Navy, US Marine Corps.
Note that the Navy and Marine Corps JROTC programs are separate, unlike Senior ROTC, where Navy ROTC encompasses both Navy and Marine officer candidates.
The program is in high schools across United States, teaching young men and women corps values, drill and ceremonies, and other military traditions. In addition, successful completion of the program can lead to advanced enlistee rank. Upon completion of 4 years of AFJROTC, it is possible for cadets, at their SASI's (Senior Aerospace Science Instructor) discretion, to enlist in the Air Force at the rank of E-3.
Units are setup according to the layout of their parent service. Army JROTC units follow the battalion structure. Air Force JROTC Units are organized into Flights, Squadrons, Groups, and ultimately a full Wing depending upon the number of enrolled cadets.
The most popular type of JROTC can easily be disputed, although numbers run in favor of Army and Air Force programs; though the Air Force has the highest corps percentage at 65%.The largest JROTC for a high school is at West Jefferson High School in Harvey,LA with 780 cadets; just over a third of the school's total student body. The unit has had 31 consecutive years as a Distinguished Unit and three national drill meet Unarmed Inspection Championships. The Corps has seven Aerospace Science Instructors (ASIs) the Senior one (SASI) being Lt. Col. Carrol Fortmayer. The Wing Commander (AFJROTCs with 251+ cadets are a wing) is c/Maj. Trung Nguyen.
One of the largest amalgations of combined JROTC units is the Los Angeles Unified School District JROTC program, in Los Angeles, CA, with a combined district ranging into the 6,000 cadet area. The district program spreads into 17 Army JROTC schools, and several Navy, Air Force, and Marine Corps JROTC units. It is headed by the Director of Army Instruction, LTC [R] Ted A. McDonald. The Cadet Commander of this amalgated district program for 2004-2005 is Cadet Colonel Andrew Kim from Los Angeles High School.
Previous All-City Colonels are as follows:
2004-2005 C/COL Andrew Kim - Los Angeles High School
2003-2004 C/COL Grace Pak - Monroe High School
2002-2003 C/COL Yoon Um - Wilson High School
2001-2002 C/COL Steven Yoo - Franklin High School
2000-2001 C/COL Amy Schwartz - Monroe High School
1999-2000 C/COL Nassira Nicola - Monroe High School
1998-1999 C/COL Diana Biason - Monroe High School
1997-1998 C/COL Diana Biason - Monroe High School
1996-1997 C/COL Pablo Andino - Los Angeles High School
1995-1996 C/COL Karla Aguilar - Belmont High School
1994-1995 C/COL Joseph Lagana - Franklin High School
1993-1994 C/COL Maria Sosa - Belmont High School
1992-1993 C/COL Edwin Flores - Belmont High School
- Air Force JROTC (http://www.afoats.af.mil/AFJROTC/default.htm)
- Army JROTC (http://www.usarmyjrotc.com)
- Navy JROTC (https://www.njrotc.navy.mil/)