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Encyclopedia > J. Marion Sims

J. Marion Sims, born James Marion Sims on January 25, 1813 in Hanging Rock, South Carolina is a surgical pioneer and considered the father of American gynecology. He died November 13, 1883 in New York, New York. His statue can be found in Central Park. January 25 is the 25th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1813 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... State nickname: Palmetto State Other U.S. States Capital Columbia Largest city Columbia Governor Mark Sanford (R) Official languages English Area 82,965 km² (40th)  - Land 78,051 km²  - Water 4,915 km² (6%) Population (2000)  - Population {{{2000Pop}}} (26th)  - Density 51. ... The shamefulness associated with the examination of female genitalia has long inhibited the science of gynaecology. ... November 13 is the 317th day of the year (318th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 48 days remaining. ... State nickname: Empire State Other U.S. States Capital Albany Largest city New York Governor George Pataki (R) Official languages None (English is de facto) Area 141,205 km² (27th)  - Land 122,409 km²  - Water 18,795 km² (13. ... A wintry aerial view, looking south: ice on the frozen lakes, the Metropolitan Museum in the park at left, the East River and the Empire State Building in the distance Central Park (40°46′59″ N 73°58′20″ W) is a large urban public park (843 acres or 3. ...

J. Marion Sims
J. Marion Sims

Contents

Image File history File links J.M.Sims File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...


Early career

After studying medicine with Dr.Churchill Jones in Lancaster, South Carolina, and at the Medical College of Charleston, he moved to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and graduated from Jefferson Medical College in 1835. He returned to Lancaster to practice, but after the death of his first two patients moved to Alabama. Lancaster is a city located in Lancaster County, South Carolina. ... Motto: Fedes Mores Juraque Curat Nickname: The Holy City, The Palmetto City Location in South Carolina Founded  -Incorporated 1670   County Berkeley County & Charleston County Mayor Joseph P. Riley, Jr. ... Independence Hall Philadelphia (sometimes referred to as Philly or the City of Brotherly Love) is the fifth most populous city in the United States and the largest city in the state of Pennsylvania, both in area and population. ... 1835 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... State nickname: Camellia State, The Heart of Dixie¹, Yellowhammer State Other U.S. States Capital Montgomery Largest city Birmingham Governor Bob Riley (R) Official languages English Area 84,360 mi²/135,765 km² (30th)  - Land 81,664 mi²/131,426 km²  - Water 2,696 mi²/4,338 km² (3. ...


Repair of vesico-vaginal fistula

Women with vesico-vaginal fistulas that were usually the result of traumatic labor were in those days social outcasts. No cure was available. In Montgomery Sims developed a new technique to repair this condition. His innovations set the stage for vaginal surgery. Sims devised instruments including the Sims' speculum to gain proper exposure. In medicine, a fistula (pl. ... Montgomery is, according to placesnamed. ... Meanings of speculum include: A medical tool used for examing body cavities; see Speculum (medical). ...

Sims Speculum
Sims Speculum

The knee-chest position is also named after him as Sim's position. He insisted on cleanliness. His technique using silver sutures led to successful repair of a fistula and was reported in 1852. His long-suffering subjects, three slaves, Anarcha, Betsy, and Lucy, are not to be forgotten: they underwent about 40 operations in his quest to find a cure. Image File history File links Sims Speculum File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Sims Speculum File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... General Name, Symbol, Number silver, Ag, 47 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 5, d Appearance lustrous white metal Atomic mass 107. ... Sutures are the stitches doctors, and especially surgeons, use to hold skin, organs, blood vessels and all other tissues of the human body together, after they have been severed in minor or major surgery. ... 1852 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...


New York and Europe

Because of health reasons, Sims moved to New York in 1853 where he founded the first hospital for women in America. In 1862 he moved to Europe, and worked primarily in London and Paris. In 1871 Sims returned to New York, and after quarreling with the board of the Woman's Hospital over the admission of cancer patients (which he favored), went on to found a new hospital, later to evolve into the Memorial Center for Cancer and Allied Diseases. 1853 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1862 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The Clock Tower of the Palace of Westminster, which contains Big Ben London is the capital city of the United Kingdom and of England. ... The Eiffel Tower has become a symbol of Paris throughout the world. ... 1871 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...


Contributions

In medicine, a fistula (pl. ... Meanings of speculum include: A medical tool used for examing body cavities; see Speculum (medical). ... Insemination is the introduction of semen into the genital tract of a female. ... The postcoital test (PCT) is a test in the evaluation of infertility. ...

Critique

The experimental treatment of slave women and use of multiple operations in a time when anesthesia was not available has been criticized. [1]


Reference

Speert H. Obstetrics and Gynecologic Milestones. The MacMillan Co., New York, 1958, pages 442-54.


 
 

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