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Encyclopedia > J. Alden Weir
The Red Bridge, ca. 1895, Metropolitan Museum of Art
The Red Bridge, ca. 1895, Metropolitan Museum of Art

Julian Alden Weir (August 30, 1852 - December 8, 1919) was an American impressionist painter and member of the Cos Cob Art Colony near Greenwich, Connecticut. Weir was also one of "The Ten", a loosely-allied group of American artists dissatisfied with professional art organizations, who banded together in 1898 to exhibit their works as a stylistically-unified group. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2024x1452, 296 KB) Description: Title: de: Die rote Brücke Technique: de: Öl auf Leinwand Dimensions: de: 61,5 × 86 cm Country of origin: de: USA Current location (city): de: New York Current location (gallery): de: Metropolitan Museum of Art Other... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2024x1452, 296 KB) Description: Title: de: Die rote Brücke Technique: de: Öl auf Leinwand Dimensions: de: 61,5 × 86 cm Country of origin: de: USA Current location (city): de: New York Current location (gallery): de: Metropolitan Museum of Art Other... 1895 (MDCCCXCV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Metropolitan Museum of Art New York Elevation The Metropolitan Museum of Art, often referred to simply as The Met, is one of the worlds largest and most important art museums. ... August 30 is the 242nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (243rd in leap years), with 123 days remaining. ... 1852 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... December 8 is the 342nd day (343rd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... The Cos Cob Art Colony was a group of artists, many of them American Impressionists, who gathered in and around Cos Cob, a section of Greenwich, Connecticut, from about 1890 to about 1920. ... Location in Connecticut Coordinates: NECTA Bridgeport-Stamford Region South Western Region Settled 1640 Joined Connecticut 1656 Government type Representative town meeting  - First selectman James A. Lash  - Town administrator Edward Gomeau  - Town meeting moderator Thomas J. Byrne Area    - City 174. ... The Ten American Painters resigned from the Society of American Artists in late 1897/early 1898 to protest the large size and commercialism of that groups exhibitions. ...


Weir was born and raised in West Point, New York, the son of Robert Walter Weir, a professor of drawing. His older brother, John Ferguson Weir, also became a well-known landscape artist who painted in the styles of the Hudson River and Barbizon schools. West Point painting West Point is a federal military base (and a census-designated place) located in the Town of Highlands in Orange County, New York. ... Robert Walter Weir, circa 1864. ... John F. Weir (1841- 1926) was an American painter and sculptor, the son of Robert Walter Weir. ... Thomas Coles View from Mount Holyoke, Northampton, Massachusetts, after a Thunderstorm, or The Oxbow, 1836 The Hudson River School was a mid-19th century American art movement by a group of landscape painters whose aesthetic vision was influenced by romanticism. ... The Gleaners. ...


Julian Weir received his first art training at the National Academy of Design in the early 1870s before enrolling at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris in 1873. While in France he studied under the famous French artist Jean-Léon Gérôme, and became good friends with Jules Bastien-Lepage. Weir also encountered impressionism for the first time, and reacted strongly: "I never in my life saw more horrible things...They do not observe drawing nor form but give you an impression of what they call nature. It was worse than the Chamber of Horrors." The National Academy of Design, in New York City, now called simply The National Academy, is an honorary association of American artists, with a museum and a school of fine arts. ... École des Beaux-Arts (IPA ) refers to several art schools in France. ... Pollice Verso by Jean-Léon Gérôme, 1872, is the immediate source of the thumbs down gesture in popular culture. ... Jules Bastien-Lepage (November 1, 1848 - November 10, 1884), French painter, was born in the village of Damvillers, Meuse and spent his childhood there. ... Impressionism was a 19th century art movement that began as a loose association of Paris-based artists, who began exhibiting their art publicly in the 1860s. ...

J. Alden Weir in the late 1800s
J. Alden Weir in the late 1800s

Weir met James McNeill Whistler in London before returning to New York City in 1877. His works as a young artist centered on still life and the human figure, which he rendered in a realist style not unlike the work of Édouard Manet. In the 1880s Weir moved to rural Ridgefield, Connecticut and strengthened his friendship with artists Albert Pinkham Ryder and John Henry Twachtman. The art of Weir and Twachtman was especially well-aligned, and the two sometimes painted and exhibited together. Both taught at the Art Students League. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Self portrait James Abbott McNeill Whistler (July 14, 1834 – July 17, 1903) was an American-born, British-based painter and etcher. ... A still life is a work of art which represents a subject composed of inanimate objects. ... Not to be confused with Claude Monet, another painter of the same era. ... Ridgefield is a town in Fairfield County, Connecticut, United States. ... Albert Pinkham Ryder (1847 - 1917) was a U.S. allegorical and seascape painter. ... John Henry Twachtman (August 4, 1853-August 8, 1902) was a US impressionist painter. ... The Art Students League of New York is an art school founded in 1875. ...


By 1891 Weir had reconciled his earlier misgivings about impressionism and adopted the style as his own. Through the remainder of the 1890s and 1900s Weir painted impressionist landscapes and figurative works, many of which centered on his Connecticut farm at Branchville. His style varied from traditional, vibrant impressionism to a more subdued and shadowy tonalism. He also became skilled at etching. Nocturne in Black and Gold: The Falling Rocket James McNeill Whistler ca. ... Etching is an intaglio method of printmaking in which the image is incised into the surface of a metal plate using an acid. ...


In 1912 Weir was selected the first president of the Association of Ameican Painters and Sculptors, but resigned a year later following the association's sponsorship of the modernist Armory Show. Weir later became president of the National Academy of Design. He died in 1919. Dejeuner sur lHerbe by Pablo Picasso At the Moulin Rouge: Two Women Waltzing by Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, 1892 The Scream by Edvard Munch, 1893 I and the Village by Marc Chagall, 1911 Fountain by Marcel Duchamp, 1917 Campbells Soup Cans 1962 Synthetic polymer paint on thirty-two... Armory Show poster. ... The National Academy of Design, in New York City, now called simply The National Academy, is an honorary association of American artists, with a museum and a school of fine arts. ...


Today Weir's paintings are in the collections of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; the Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington, D. C.; and the Wadsworth Athenaeum, Hartford, Connecticut. Weir's farm and studio are protected as the Weir Farm National Historic Site. Metropolitan Museum of Art New York Elevation The Metropolitan Museum of Art, often referred to simply as The Met, is one of the worlds largest and most important art museums. ... The Smithsonian American Art Museum is a museum in Washington, D.C. with an extensive collection of American art. ... The Wadsworth Atheneum is the oldest public art museum in the United States and largest in the state of Connecticut. ... Weir Farm National Historic Site is located in Wilton, Connecticut. ...


Further reading

  • Burke, Doreen Bolger (1983). J. Alden Weir: An American Impressionist. Cranbury NJ: Associated University Presses and Cornwall Books. ISBN 0-87413-220-7. 
  • Gerdts, William H. (2001). American Impressionism, 2nd Edition, New York: Abbeville Press Publishers. ISBN 0-7892-0737-0. 
  • Larkin, Susan G. (2001). The Cos Cob Art Colony. New York: the National Academy of Design. ISBN 0-300-08852-3. 

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Julian Alden Weir
  • Weir Farm National Historic Site

 
 

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