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Encyclopedia > Izborsk
General view of the fortress
General view of the fortress
Inside the fortress of Izborsk
Inside the fortress of Izborsk

Izborsk (Russian: И́зборск; Estonian: Irboska) is a village in Pechorsky District of Pskov Oblast, Russia. It contains one of the most ancient and impressive fortresses of Western Russia. Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Types of settlements in Russia, Soviet Union, and some other post-Soviet states have certain peculiarities with respect to the English language traditions. ... Pskov Oblast (Russian: ) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). ... Fortifications (Latin fortis, strong, and facere, to make) are military constructions designed for defensive warfare. ...


The village lies thirty kilometers to the west of Pskov and just to the east from the Estonian border. According to the Russian Primary Chronicle, the town was the seat of Rurik's brother in 862. Although his burial mound is still shown to occasional tourists, archaeological excavations of long barrows abounding in the vicinity didn't reveal the presence of the Varangian settlement at the site, indicating that Izborsk was an important centre of the early Krivichs. The Trinity Cathedral (1682-99) is a symbol of Pskovs former might and independence. ... The Russian Primary Chronicle (Russian: Повесть временных лет, Povest vremennykh let, which is often translated in English as Tale of Bygone Years), is a history of the early East Slavic state, Kievan Rus, from... Rurik or Riurik (Russian: , Old East Norse Rørik, meaning famous ruler) (ca 830 – ca 879) was a Varangian who gained control of Ladoga in 862 and built the Holmgard settlement (Ryurikovo Gorodishche) in Novgorod. ... Events Rurik gained control of Novgorod. ... A long barrow is a prehistoric monument dating to the Neolithic period. ... The Varangians (Russian: Variags, Варяги) were Scandinavians who travelled eastwards, mainly from Jutland and Sweden. ... Kriwi  album cover The Krivichs (Кривичи́ in Russian, Крывічы́ in Belarusian or Krivichi), a tribe of Early East Slavs between the 6th and the 12th centuries, which inhabited the upper reaches of the Volga, Dnieper, Western Dvina, the southern part of the Lake Peipus and parts of the Neman basin. ...


The next mention of the town in Slavonic chronicles dates back to 1233, when the place was captured by the Livonian Brothers of the Sword. Pskov moved the fortress to a more convenient site in 1302. The most ancient extant structure is the Tower Lukovka (lit., "Onion Tower"), constructed in 1330. At that time it was the only stone building west of Pskov and adjoined a wooden wall. After seven other stone towers and the new stone wall were completed, Lukovka became a watch-tower. The Nativity church within the fortress was built in the 16th century. Near the fortress is a museum of stone crosses. // Events Fortress of Kalan built. ... Livonian Brothers The Livonian Brothers of the Sword (Latin Fratres militiae Christi, literally the brothers of the army of Christ), also known as the Christ Knights, Sword Brethren or The Militia of Christ of Livonia, was a military order organized in 1202 by Albert of Buxhoeveden, bishop of Riga (or... Events July 11 - Battle of the Golden Spurs (Guldensporenslag in Dutch), major victory of Flanders over the French occupier. ... (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ...


According to the Treaty of Tartu, the Russian-Estonian state boundary went eastwards of Izborsk and thus the town was part of Estonia since 1920; in the early 1945 when both Russia and Estonia were parts of Soviet Union, the Russian SFSR/Estonian SSR boundary was moved westwards and thus Izborsk became part of Russian SFSR. [[1]] The Treaties of Tartu were treaties between Bolshevist Russia on one side and the recently independent Estonia and Finland, formerly belonging to Imperial Russia, on the other. ... Territorial changes of the Baltic States occurred when Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia gained their independence from Russia in the aftermath of the Russian Revolution of 1917. ... State motto: Russian: Пролетарии всех стран, соединяйтесь! Translation: Workers of the world, unite! Capital Moscow Official language Russian Established In the USSR:  - Since  - Until November 7, 1917 November 7, 1917 December 12, 1991 (dissolution) Area  - Total  - Water (%) Ranked 1st in the USSR 17,075,200 km² 13% Population  - Total   - Density Ranked 1st in the...


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Izborsk
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Fortresses of Western Russia Koporye Fortress.

Gdov | Ivangorod | Izborsk | Kirillov | Koporye | Korela | Kronstadt | Ladoga | New Dvina Fort | Novgorod | Oreshek | Porkhov | Pskov | Smolensk | Solovki | St Petersburg | Trångsund | Vyborg | Yamburg Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... Moscow Kremlin in the 19th century. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2272x1704, 915 KB) Fortress of Koporye, Leningrad Oblast, Russia. ... Gdov (Гдов) is a Russian town in the Pskov Oblast, which stands on the river Gdovka, just 2 km from its outflow into Chudskoye Lake. ... Ivangorod Fortress is a castle constructed near the town of Ivangorod, Russia. ... Kirillo-Belozersky Monastery, properly translated in English as The Assumption monastery of St Cyril, has always rivalled the Solovetsky Monastery as the strongest fortress and the richest landowner of the Russian North. ... Koporye Fortress near St Petersburg Koporye (Russian: Копорье) is a historic village in Russia, about 100 km to the west of St Petersburg, which contains some of the most impressive medieval ruins in Russia. ... Korela Fortress, at the town of Priozersk, was founded by the Karelians who named the place Novogorodian chronicles refer to it as It was first mentioned in a Novgorodian chronicle of 1143 and archeological digs have revealed a layer belonging to the 12th century. ... 1888 map of Kronstadt bay Kronstadt (Russian: ), or Kronshtadt, Cronstadt, is a strongly fortified Russian seaport town, located on Kotlin Island, near the head of the Gulf of Finland, at , . It lies thirty kilometers west of Saint Petersburg, of which it is the chief port. ... The fortress of Ladoga was built in stone in the 12th century and rebuilt 400 years later. ... Arkhangelsk (Russian: ), formerly called Archangel in English, is a city in and the administrative center of Arkhangelsk Oblast, Russia. ... Velikiy Novgorod (Russian: ) is the foremost historic city of North-Western Russia, situated on the M10(E95) federal highway connecting Moscow and St. ... Shlisselburg (Russian: ) is a town in western Russia (Kirovsky District, Leningrad Oblast) located at the head of the Neva River on Lake Ladoga, 45 km east of Saint Petersburg, which lies at the mouth of the Neva on the Gulf of Finland. ... Porkhov (Порхов in Russian) is a medieval fortress and town in the Pskov Oblast, Russia. ... The Trinity Cathedral (1682-99) is a symbol of Pskovs former might and independence. ... A view of Smolensk in 1912. ... Solovetsky Monastery Solovetsky Monastery (Соловецкий монастырь in Russian), a monastery on the Solovetsky Islands in the White Sea. ... The Peter and Paul Fortress (Петропавловская крепость) is in St. ... Vysotsk (Russian: , Finnish: ) is a coastal town in Leningrad Oblast, Russia, located 12 km south-west of Vyborg and 159 km north-west of St. ... A view of Vyborg from the castle tower Vyborg (Russian: ; Finnish: ; Swedish: ; German: ) is a town in Leningrad Oblast, Russia, situated on the Karelian Isthmus near the head of the Bay of Vyborg, 130 km to the northwest of St. ... St Catherine Cathedral of Yamburg was built in 1764-1782 to a late baroque design by Antonio Rinaldi. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Small Towns of Russia > Small Towns > Izborsk (1641 words)
However in 1242 the German knights were banished from Pskov and Izborsk, and during the famous battle on ice of Chudskoje lake the incorporated troops under the command of Aleksandr Nevsky defeated the enemy.
Especially long and persistent was the siege of Izborsk in 1349, as a result of which Livonia knights, failing to take a possession of the fortress, left at its walls a lot of warriors and, receding, destroyed all their besiege machines and ammunition.
The fortress of Izborsk played a considerable role during Livonia war, in the beginning of which the Pechora fortress was constructed in 22 kilometers to the wets from Izborsk.
Izborsk Fotress, Pskov Russia (1357 words)
Izborsk Fortress has survived for over 1,500 years due to its excellent engineering, monumental construction and continual restoration and improvements by Russian engineers and architects until the 16th century when it was abandoned.
The stunning Izborsk Fortress and its monumental ramparts is one of the last remaining forts from early Russian history which overlooks the beautiful valley and lake district of Pskov.
One of the most difficult challenges facing Izborsk Fortress is the rapid deterioration of its foundation, historic walls and towers due to overgrowth of plants, and the brutal freeze and thaw cycles of the long winters in the Pskov region.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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