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Encyclopedia > Izanami

In Japanese mythology, Izanami (Katakana: イザナミ; Kanji: 伊弉冉尊 or 伊邪那美命, meaning "She who invites") is a goddess of both creation and death, as well as the former wife of the god Izanagi. She is also referred to as Izana-mi, Izanami-no-Mikoto or Izanami-no-kami. Japanese mythology is an extremely complex system of beliefs. ... Japanese writing Kanji 漢字 Kana 仮名 Hiragana 平仮名 Katakana 片仮名 Uses Furigana 振り仮名 Okurigana 送り仮名 Rōmaji ローマ字 Katakana (片仮名) are a Japanese syllabary, one of the four Japanese writing systems. ... Japanese writing Kanji 漢字 Kana 仮名 Hiragana 平仮名 Katakana 片仮名 Uses Furigana 振り仮名 Okurigana 送り仮名 Rōmaji ローマ字 Kanji ( (help· info), literally Han characters), is the Japanese term for Chinese characters (Hanzi), the Chinese logographic writing system that is used, along with Hiragana (平仮名), Katakana (片仮名) and the Roman alphabet, to write modern Japanese. ... Ceres, the Roman goddess of agriculture A goddess is a female deity, in contrast with a male deity known as a god. A great many cultures have goddesses, sometimes alone, but more often as part of a larger pantheon that includes both of the conventional genders and in some cases... Izanagi is a deity in Japanese mythology and in Shintoism. ...

Goddess of Creation

The first gods summoned two divine beings into existence, the male Izanagi and the female Izanami, and charged them with creating the first land. To help them do this, Izanagi and Izanami were given a spear decorated with jewels, named Amenonuhoko (heavenly spear). The two deities then went to the bridge between heaven and earth, Amenoukihashi (floating bridge of heaven), and churned the sea below with the spear. When drops of salty water fell from the spear, they formed into the island Onogoro (self-forming). They descended from the bridge of heaven and made their home on the island. Eventually they wished to be mated, so they built a pillar called Amenomihashira and around it they built a palace called Yahirodono (the room of eight footsteps?). Izanagi and Izanami circled the pillar in opposite directions, and when they met on the other side, Izanami spoke first in greeting. Izanagi didn't think that this was the proper thing to do, but they mated anyhow. They had two children, Hiruko (watery child) and Awashima (island of bubbles) but they were badly-made and are not considered deities. Hunting spear and knife, from Mesa Verde National Park. ... Amanonuhoko (Lit. ... Yebisu (恵比須, 恵比寿, 夷, 戎, 蛭子) is also called Ebisu, Hiruko (蛭子), and Kotoshiro-nushi-no-kami (事代主神). ...

They put the children into a boat and set them out to sea, then petitioned the other gods for an answer as to what they did wrong. They were told that the male deity should have spoken first in greeting during the marriage ceremony. So Izanagi and Izanami went around the pillar again, and this time, Izanagi spoke first when they met, and their marriage was then successful.

From their union were born the ohoyashima, or the eight great islands of the Japanese chain:

Note that Hokkaido, Chishima, and Okinawa were not part of Japan in ancient times.

They bore six more islands and many deities. Izanami died giving birth to the child Kagutsuchi (incarnation of fire) or Ho-Masubi (causer of fire). She was then buried on Mt. Hiba, at the border of the old provinces of Izumo and Hoki, near modern-day Yasugi of Shimane Prefecture. So angry was Izanagi at the death of his wife that he killed the newborn child, thereby creating dozens of deities. Awaji Island (Jp. ... This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Shikoku (四国, four provinces) is the smallest and least populous of the four main islands of Japan. ... Oki (隠岐国; -no kuni) was an old province of Japan which consisted of Oki Islands in the Sea of Japan, located off the coast of Izumo and Hoki provinces. ... Tsukushi refers to either: former Chikuzen and Chikugo provinces of Japan whole Kyushu island of Japan (archaic) ... Kyushu region, Japan Kyushu (九州 kyÅ«shÅ«) is the third largest island of Japan and most southerly and westerly of the four main islands. ... The article incorporates text from OpenHistory. ... Tsushima is a name related to Japan. ... Sado can refer to: Sado, a city in Niigata Prefecture, Japan Sado province (佐渡国), an old province of Japan. ... todo mal de [ [ Shikoku ] ] a través del [ [ mar interior ] ], y noreste de [ [ Kyushu ] ] a través del [ [ estrecho de Kanmon ] ]. Es la séptima isla más grande, y la segunda isla populosa en el mundo después de [ [ Java (isla)|Java ] ] (véase [ [ lista de las islas de la población ] ]). < style=float del div... For the dog breed, see Hokkaido (dog). ... The Kuril Islands The Kuril Islands (Russian: Кури́льские острова́), also known as Kurile Islands, stretch northeast from Hokkaido, Japan, to Kamchatka, separating the Sea of Okhotsk from the North Pacific Ocean. ... This article is about the prefecture. ... Before the modern prefecture system was established, the land of Japan was divided into tens of Kuni (国, Countries). ... Izumo can refer to: Izumo province, one of the old provinces of Japan Izumo, a city in Shimane Prefecture The armored cruiser Izumo, which sailed in the Imperial Japanese Navy from 1900 through the end of World War II The Izumo class battleships in the anime Mobile Suit Gundam Seed. ... Categories: Japan geography stubs | Old provinces of Japan ... Yasugi (安来市; -shi) is a city located in Shimane, Japan. ... Shimane Prefecture (島根県 Shimane-ken) is located in the Chugoku region on Honshu island, Japan. ...

Goddess of Death

Izanagi lamented the death of Izanami and undertook a journey to Yomi ("the shadowy land of the dead"). Quickly, he searched for Izanami and found her. At first, Izanagi could not see her at all for the shadows hid her appearance well. Nevertheless, he asked her to return with him. Izanami spat out at him, informing Izanagi that he was too late. She had already eaten the food of the underworld and was now one with the land of the dead. She could no longer return to the living. Yomi (黄泉), the Japanese word for underworld in which horrible creatures guard the exits, is similar to Hades or hell and is most commonly known for Izanamis retreat to that place after her death. ... // In the study of mythology and religion, the underworld is a generic term approximately equivalent to the lay term afterlife, referring to any place to which newly dead souls go. ...

Izanagi was shocked at this news but he refused to give in to her wishes of being left to the dark embrace of Yomi. While Izanami was sleeping, he took the comb that bound his long hair and set it alight as a torch. Under the sudden burst of light, he saw the horrid form of the once beautiful and graceful Izanami. She was now a rotting form of flesh with maggots and foul creatures running over her ravaged body.

Crying out loud, Izanagi could no longer control his fear and started to run, intending to return to the living and abandon his death-ridden wife. Izanami woke up shrieking and indignant and chased after him. Wild shikome (foul women) also hunted for the frightened Izanagi, instructed by Izanami to bring him back.

Izanagi burst out of the entrance and quickly pushed a boulder in the mouth of the cavern that was the entrance of Yomi. Izanami screamed from behind this impenetrable barricade and told Izanagi that if he left her she would destroy 1,000 residents of the living every day. He furiously replied he would give life to 1,500.

The story has both strong parallels, and significant differences, with the Greek Myth of Orpheus and Eurydice, and the Maya Myth of Itzamna and Ix Chel. The Shikome, for instance, are parallel to the Maenads who tore Orpheus to pieces. The head of Orpheus, from an 1865 painting by Gustave Moreau. ... In Greek mythology, there were two characters named Eurydice (Eurydíkê). // Wife of Orpheus The more famous was a woman—or a nymph—who was the wife of Orpheus. ... Maya mythology refers to the pre-Columbian Maya civilizations extensive polytheistic religious beliefs. ... In Maya mythology, Ixchel was an earth and moon goddess, patroness of weavers and pregnant women. ... In Greek mythology, Maenads [MEE-nads] were female worshippers of Dionysus, the Greek god of mystery, wine and intoxication. ...

Japanese Mythology Image File history File linksMetadata Amaterasu_cave_crop. ... Japanese mythology is an extremely complex system of beliefs. ...

Stories and Myths:
Kojiki | Kwaidan | Nihonshoki | Otogizoshi | Yotsuya Kaidan
List of divinities in Japanese mythology | Kami & Megami | Seven Lucky Gods
Legendary Figures:
Abe no Seimei | Hidari Jingoro | Kintaro
Momotaro | Nezumi Kozo | Tamamo no Mae | Tomoe Gozen | Urashima Tarō
Mythical and Sacred Locations:
Horai | Mt. Hiei | Mt. Fuji
Rashōmon | Ryugu-jo | Suzakumon | Takamagahara | Yomi
Religions | Sacred Objects | Creatures and Spirits

  Results from FactBites:
Izanami - definition of Izanami in Encyclopedia (233 words)
In Japanese Shinto mythology, Izanami was created from chaos by the celestial deities, and with Izanagi, was responsible for the creation of the eight Japanese islands and their corresponding deities.
Izanami's last creation was Kagu-tsuchi, the god of fire, who during his birth severely burned Izanami, leading her to spawn several additional gods from the expulsions caused by her death throes; afterward she journey to Yomi, the land of darkness.
Grief-stricken, Izanagi is said to have beheaded the child, birthing several new gods from the drops of blood that fell from his sword.
The Mermaid of the Great Sea by Norman A. Rubin (c)2005 MYTHOLOG (1838 words)
Izanami sat quietly on the smooth rock and looked at her image on the calm sea as she combed from her shining fl hair all the little sea urchins and tiny crabs that clung to her tresses.
Izanami's eyes were shining, and her dark flowing hair was wet and gleaming with the pearly drops of the waters.
Izanami was startled when she looked towards the inlet and saw an ethereal figure in the sight of her eyes; a sight that delighted her and caused her body to quiver in ecstatic rapture.
  More results at FactBites »



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