FACTOID # 12: It's not the government they hate: Washington DC has the highest number of hate crimes per capita in the US.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Iwo Jima
Location map of Iwo Jima
Landsat photo of Iwo Jima, ca. 2000

Iwo Jima (listen ; Japanese: 硫黄島 Iōtō, or Iōjima, meaning "sulfur island") is a volcanic island of Japan, part of the Volcano Islands (the southern part of the Ogasawara Islands), approximately 1200 kilometres (650 nm) south of Tokyo. It is famous as the site of the Battle of Iwo Jima in February and March 1945 between the United States and Japan during World War II, where Mike Strank, Harlon Block, Franklin Sousley, Ira Hayes, Rene Gagnon, and John Bradley famously pitched the U.S. flag on the island's only mountaintop. The U.S. occupied Iwo Jima until 1968, when it was returned to Japan. Iwo Jima may refer to: Iwo Jima (meaning sulfur island), a volcanic island of Japan Battle of Iwo Jima, fought by the United States of America and the Empire of Japan in February and March 1945 List of Medal of Honor recipients: World War II: Iwo Jima Category:Battle of... Location map of Iwo Jima. ... Location map of Iwo Jima. ... Download high resolution version (1024x768, 63 KB)Iwo Jima - Landsat satellite photo, circa 2000 Source: NASA, public domain https://zulu. ... Download high resolution version (1024x768, 63 KB)Iwo Jima - Landsat satellite photo, circa 2000 Source: NASA, public domain https://zulu. ... Image File history File links Ja-Iwo_Jima. ... General Name, Symbol, Number sulfur, S, 16 Chemical series nonmetals Group, Period, Block 16, 3, p Appearance lemon yellow Standard atomic weight 32. ... The Ogasawara Islands (小笠原諸島) are an archipelago of over 30 subtropical islands some 1000 km directly south of central Tokyo, Japan. ... A map of the Ogasawara Islands south of Japan The Ogasawara Islands (小笠原諸島) are an archipelago of over 30 subtropical islands some 1,000 km directly south of central Tokyo, Japan. ... A nautical mile or sea mile is a unit of length. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Combatants United States Empire of Japan Commanders Holland Smith Tadamichi Kuribayashi â€  Strength 110,000 22,000 Casualties 6,825 killed in action,[1] 1,401 died of wounds,[1] 19,189 wounded,[1] 494 missing[1] Total: 27,909 20,703 dead,[1] 216 captured[1] Total: 20,919 The... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Sergeant Michael Strank (in Rusyn: Mykhal Strenk; in Slovak: Michal Strenk) (November 10, 1919 – March 1, 1945) was a Sergeant in the United States Marine Corps during World War II. He was photographed raising the flag atop Mount Suribachi during the Battle of Iwo Jima. ... Harlon Block (November 6, 1924 - March 1, 1945) was a marine during World War II. He was photographed in Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima during the Battle of Iwo Jima. ... Franklin Runyan Sousley (September 19, 1925-March 21, 1945) was one of the six men in the famous photograph of Marines Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima. ... Ira Hamilton Hayes (January 12, 1923 – January 24, 1955) was a Akimel O’odham, or Pima Indian, and an enrolled member of the Gila River Indian Community. ... Rene Arthur Gagnon (March 7, 1925 – October 12, 1979) was one of the U.S. Marines immortalized by Joe Rosenthals famous World War II photograph Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima. ... John Bradley is the name of: John Bradley (Iwo Jima), U.S. Navy corpsman and WWII hero John Bradley (anthropologist), also Australian linguist John Bradley (Ark), American Noahs-flood researcher John Bradley (physician), Canadian physician This is a disambiguation page, a list of pages that otherwise might share the... Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima, by Joe Rosenthal / The Associated Press. ... Belligerent military occupation occurs when one nations military occupies all or part of the territory of another nation or recognized belligerent. ... 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday. ...


The island has an approximate area of 21 km² (8 mi²) at N 24°47'27"87"' and E 141°19'16"14"'. The most prominent feature is Mount Suribachi (摺鉢山 Suribachiyama?)[1] on the southern tip, a vent that is thought to be dormant and is 166 m (546 ft) in height. Iwo Jima is unusually flat and featureless for a volcanic island. Suribachi is the only obvious volcanic feature, as it is only the raised center of a larger submerged volcanic caldera. Satellite image of Santorini. ...


Iwo Jima is part of Tokyo Prefecture. Major industries have included sulfur mining and sugar refining[citation needed], but the island has no civilian inhabitants and access requires special permission. In general, ex-islanders, the bereaved, and the survivors of the war-dead may go to Iwo Jima only when memorial services are held for the war dead. Tokyo (東京; Tōkyō, lit. ... General Name, Symbol, Number sulfur, S, 16 Chemical series nonmetals Group, Period, Block 16, 3, p Appearance lemon yellow Standard atomic weight 32. ... Magnification of grains of sugar, showing their monoclinic hemihedral crystalline structure. ...

Contents

Reunion of honor

On February 19, 1985, the 40th anniversary of the day that U.S. forces began the assault on the island, veterans from both forces gathered for the Reunion of Honor[1] just a few meters away from the spot where U.S. Marines had landed on the island. During the memorial service a granite plaque was unveiled with the message: February 19 is the 50th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... United States Marine Corps Emblem The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is the second smallest of the five branches of the United States armed forces, with 170,000 active and 40,000 reserve Marines as of 2002. ...

On the 40th anniversary of the battle of Iwo Jima, American and Japanese veterans met again on these same sands, this time in peace and friendship. We commemorate our comrades, living and dead, who fought here with bravery and honor, and we pray together that our sacrifices on Iwo Jima will always be remembered and never be repeated.

It is inscribed on both sides of the plaque, with the English translation facing the beaches where U.S. forces landed and the Japanese translation facing inland, where Japanese troops defended their position.


After that, the Japan-U.S. combination memorial service of the 50th anniversary was held in front of this monument in March 1995. The 55th anniversary was held in 2000, followed by a 60th reunion in March 2005 (see U.S. National Park Service photo below).

Naval air base

The Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force (JMSDF) operates a naval air base on Iwo Jima. The airstrip is 2,650 meters (8,700 ft) long and 60 meters (200 ft) wide. Its orientation is 07/25. The four-letter ICAO code is RJAW and the three-letter IATA code is IWO. The JMSDF is in charge of support, air-traffic control, fueling, and rescue. The Japan Air Self-Defense Force also utilizes the base. The Japan Ground Self-Defense Force is in charge of explosive-ordnance disposal. The United States Navy also utilizes the base for operations such as Field Carrier Landing Practice. The Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force ), or JMSDF, is the maritime branch of the Japanese Self-Defense Forces, tasked with the naval defense of Japan and formed following the dissolution of the Imperial Japanese Navy after World War II.[1] The force is based strictly on defensive armament, largely lacking... The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), an agency of the United Nations, codifies the principles and techniques of international air navigation and fosters the planning and development of international air transport to ensure safe and orderly growth. ... The International Air Transport Association is an international trade organisation of airlines headquartered in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... The Japan Air Self-Defense Force ), or JASDF, is the aviation branch of the Japan Self-Defense Forces responsible for the defense of Japanese airspace and other aerospace operations. ... The flag of Japan Ground Self-Defense Force The Japanese Ground Self-Defense Force ), or JGSDF, is the name of the military ground forces (army) of Japan. ... It has been suggested that Improvised Explosive Device Disposal be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Navy, also known as the USN or the U.S. Navy, is a branch of the United States armed forces responsible for conducting naval operations. ...


U.S. nuclear arms base

Iwo Jima appears to be one of a number of Japanese islands which has been used by the United States to host nuclear arms, according to Robert S. Norris, William M. Arkin, and William Burr writing for the Bulletin of Atomic Scientists in early 2000. [2] [3] This is despite Japanese policy of not allowing nuclear weapons on Japanese soil. Whether the site is currently used for this purpose is unknown, as great secrecy surrounds the United States' siting of nuclear arms bases. The mushroom cloud of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan, in 1945 lifted nuclear fallout some 18 km (60,000 feet) above the epicenter. ... Cover of the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists with the famous Doomsday Clock set at seven minutes to midnight. ... 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

There were nuclear weapons on Chichi Jima and Iwo Jima, an enormous and varied nuclear arsenal on Okinawa, nuclear bombs (sans their fissile cores) stored on the mainland at Misawa and Itazuki airbases (and possibly at Atsugi, Iwakuni, Johnson, and Komaki airbases as well), and nuclear-armed U.S. Navy ships stationed in Sasebo and Yokosuka.[citation needed]

It is true that Chichi Jima, Iwo Jima, and Okinawa were under U.S. occupation, that the bombs stored on the mainland lacked their plutonium and/ or uranium cores, and that the nuclear-armed ships were a legal inch away from Japanese soil. All in all, this elaborate stratagem maintained the technicality that the United States had no nuclear weapons "in Japan."[citation needed] Chichi-jima (父島, lit. ... This article is about the prefecture. ... Aerial photo of Security Hill American and Japanese air traffic controllers work together in Misawas busy control tower. ... Atsugi (Japanese: 厚木市; -shi) is a city located in Japan. ... Iwakuni, including the Kintai Bridge Iwakuni (岩国市; -shi) is a city located in Yamaguchi, Japan. ... Look up Johnson, johnson in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Komaki (小牧市; -shi) is a city located in Aichi, Japan. ... Sasebo (佐世保市; -shi) is a city located in Nagasaki, Japan. ... Categories: Cities in Kanagawa Prefecture | Japan geography stubs ... General Name, Symbol, Number plutonium, Pu, 94 Chemical series actinides Group, Period, Block n/a, 7, f Appearance silvery white Standard atomic weight (244) g·mol−1 Electron configuration [Rn] 5f6 7s2 Electrons per shell 2, 8, 18, 32, 24, 8, 2 Physical properties Phase solid Density (near r. ... General Name, Symbol, Number uranium, U, 92 Chemical series actinides Group, Period, Block n/a, 7, f Appearance silvery gray metallic; corrodes to a spalling black oxide coat in air Standard atomic weight 238. ... The mushroom cloud of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan, in 1945 lifted nuclear fallout some 18 km (60,000 feet) above the epicenter. ...

In popular culture

Iwo Jima is featured in the book Flags of Our Fathers and two movies, the one based on the book—Flags of Our Fathers—and another—Letters from Iwo Jima—based on a Japanese book of letters (some final) written by Japanese soldiers on the island; Flags depicts the battle from the American perspective, whereas Letters shows it from the much-different Japanese point of view. Flags of Our Fathers (2000) is the New York Times-bestselling book by James Bradley with Ron Powers about the five United States Marines and one United States Navy Corpsman (Medic) who would eventually be made famous by Joe Rosenthals lauded photograph of the flag raising at Iwo Jima... Flags of Our Fathers is an Academy Award-nominated 2006 film directed by Clint Eastwood and written by William Broyles, Jr. ... Letters from Iwo Jima (Japanese: 硫黄島からの手紙) a 2006 Academy Award and Golden Globe-winning war film starring Ken Watanabe and Kazunari Ninomiya among others, and directed by Clint Eastwood, is about the Battle of Iwo Jima from the perspective of Japanese soldiers. ...

See also

Combatants United States Empire of Japan Commanders Holland Smith Tadamichi Kuribayashi â€  Strength 110,000 22,000 Casualties 6,825 killed in action,[1] 1,401 died of wounds,[1] 19,189 wounded,[1] 494 missing[1] Total: 27,909 20,703 dead,[1] 216 captured[1] Total: 20,919 The... Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima, by Joe Rosenthal / The Associated Press. ... Iwo Jima LORAN-C transmitter was a LORAN-C transmitter at Iwo Jima, Japan of Grid 9970 at 24°488N, 141°1932 E( ).. Iwo Jima LORAN-C transmitter has a transmission power of 4000 kilowatts, which is more than the most powerful broadcasting stations. ...

Notes

External links

Coordinates: 24°47′N, 141°19′E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Iwo Jima - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1382 words)
Iwo Jima is volcanic in origin and in fact is a mostly undersea caldera formed from violent eruptions sometime in the ancient past.
Raising of the Flag on Iwo Jima is a famous photograph taken on 23 February 1945, by Joe Rosenthal, depicting five US Marines and one US Navy corpsman raising the United States flag atop Mount Suribachi during the Battle of Iwo Jima in World War II.
Tadamichi Kuribayashi was the commander of the Japanese garrison at Iwo Jima during the Battle of Iwo Jima.
Battle of Iwo Jima - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (5424 words)
Iwo Jima is one of the Volcano Islands, part of the Ogasawara Islands, a group of islands about 670 miles (1,080 km) south of Tokyo, 700 miles (1,130 km) north of Guam, and nearly halfway between Tokyo and Saipan.
Iwo Jima, translated into English, means "Sulphur Island," named for the sulphur deposits that extend to the very surface of the island.
Even then, these planes could not be used from bases in the home islands against Iwo Jima because their range did not exceed 550 miles (890 km); besides, all available aircraft had to be hoarded for possible use on Taiwan and adjacent islands where land bases were available in close proximity.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m