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Encyclopedia > Ivanhoe
Ivanhoe

Scenes from the Illustrated London News of an operatic adaptation by Arthur Sullivan.
Author Sir Walter Scott
Country United Kingdom
Language English
Series Waverley Novels
Genre(s) Historical novel
Publisher A. Constable
Publication date 1819
Media type Print (Hardback & Paperback)
ISBN NA
Preceded by Rob Roy
Followed by Kenilworth

Ivanhoe is a novel by Sir Walter Scott. It was written in 1819 and set in 12th century England, an example of historical fiction. Ivanhoe is sometimes given credit for helping to increase popular interest in the middle ages in 19th century Europe and America (see Romanticism). Ivanhoe may refer to: [edit] Places In Australia: Ivanhoe, Victoria, Melbourne Region, VIC Ivanhoe, New South Wales, Far West Region, NSW Ivanhoe, Queensland, Darling Downs Region, QLD Ivanhoe, Western Australia, Kimberley Region, WA Ivanhoe, a current electorate in the Victorian Legislative Assembly Ivanhoe, an abolished electorate in the Western Australian... The Illustrated London News was a magazine founded by Herbert Ingram and his friend Mark Lemon, the editor of Punch magazine. ... For other uses, see Ivanhoe (disambiguation). ... Sir Arthur Seymour Sullivan Sir Arthur Seymour Sullivan (May 13, 1842 – November 22, 1900) was an English composer best known for his operatic collaborations with librettist W. S. Gilbert. ... Raeburns portrait of Sir Walter Scott in 1822. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... The Waverley Novels are a long series of books by Sir Walter Scott. ... A historical novel a novel in which the story is set among historical events, or more generally, in which the time of the action predates the lifetime of the author. ... A publisher is a person or entity which engages in the act of publishing. ... Hardcover books A hardcover (or hardback or hardbound) is a book bound with rigid protective covers (typically of cardboard covered with cloth, heavy paper, or sometimes leather). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... ISBN redirects here. ... Rob Roy (1817) is a novel by Walter Scott about Frank Osbaldistone, the son of an English merchant who goes to the Scottish Highlands to collect a debt stolen from his father. ... Kenilworth is a romance novel written by Walter Scott. ... For other uses, see Novel (disambiguation). ... For the first Premier of Saskatchewan see Thomas Walter Scott Sir Walter Scott (August 14, 1771 - September 21, 1832) was a prolific Scottish historical novelist and poet popular throughout Europe. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Look up historical fiction in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Murder of Przemysław II in Rogoźno by Wojciech Gerson: a 19th century painting of a medieval subject The Middle Ages in history is an overview of how previous periods have both romanticised and disparaged the Middle Ages. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... Romantics redirects here. ...

Contents

Plot introduction

Ivanhoe is the story of one of the remaining Saxon noble families at a time when the English nobility was overwhelmingly Norman. It follows the Saxon protagonist, Wilfrid of Ivanhoe, who is out of favour with his father owing to his courting the Lady Rowena and for his allegiance to the Norman king Richard I of England. The story is set in 1194, after the end of the Third Crusade, when many of the Crusaders were still returning to Europe. King Richard, having been captured by the Duke of Saxony, on his way back, was still supposed to be in the arms of his captors. The legendary Robin Hood, initially under the name of Locksley, is also a character in the story, as are his 'merry men,' including Friar Tuck and, less so, Alan-a-Dale. (Little John is merely mentioned.) The character that Scott gave to Robin Hood in Ivanhoe helped shape the modern notion of this figure as a cheery noble outlaw. The famous parade helmet found at Sutton Hoo, probably belonging to Raedwald of East Anglia circa 625. ... Norman conquests in red. ... Rowena is a Latinized form of a Germanic name meaning fame and joy, formed from the words hrod (fame) and wynn (joy). ... Richard I (September 8, 1157 – April 6, 1199) was King of England and ruler of the Angevin Empire from July 6, 1189 until his death. ... The Third Crusade (1189–1192), also known as the Kings Crusade, was an attempt by European leaders to reconquer the Holy Land from Saladin. ... For other uses, see Robin Hood (disambiguation). ... The friar took Robin on his back Illustration by Louis Rhead to Bold Robin Hood and His Outlaw Band: Their Famous Exploits in Sherwood Forest Friar Tuck is a companion to Robin Hood in the legends about that character. ... In the stories of Robin Hood, Alan-a-Dale (also spelled Alan-A-Dale, Allen-a-Dale, Allan-a-Dale and Allin-a-Dale) is a young minstrel who was a member of the Merry Men. ... Little John is a presumably fictional character in the legend of Robin Hood. ...


Other major characters include Ivanhoe's intractable Saxon father Cedric, a descendant of the Saxon King Harold Godwinson; various Knights Templar and churchmen; the loyal serfs Gurth the swineherd and the jester Wamba, whose observations punctuate much of the action; and the Jewish moneylender, Isaac of York, equally passionate of money and his daughter, Rebecca. The book was written and published during a period of increasing struggle for Emancipation of the Jews in England, and there are frequent references to injustice against them. The famous parade helmet found at Sutton Hoo, probably belonging to Raedwald of East Anglia circa 625. ... Harold Godwinson (Haraldur Guðinason), or Harold II (c. ... For other uses, see Knights Templar (disambiguation). ... In a draw in a mountainous region, a shepherd guides a flock of about 20 sheep amidst scrub and olive trees. ... For other uses of Jester, see Jester (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Jew (disambiguation). ... Emancipation of the Jews in England (This page is part of the History of the Jews in England) // Freedom for Catholics bodes well for Jews When in 1829 the Roman Catholics of England were freed from all their civil disabilities, the hopes of the Jews rose high; and the first...


Plot summary

Wilfrid of Ivanhoe is disinherited by his father Cedric of Rotherwood, for falling in love with the Lady Rowena, Cedric's ward and a descendant of the Saxon Kings of England. Cedric had planned to marry her to the powerful Lord Aethelstan, pretender to the Saxon Crown of England, thus cementing a Saxon political alliance between two rivals for the same claim. Ivanhoe accompanies King Richard to the Crusades, where he is stated to have played a notable role in the Siege of Acre. Look up Saxon in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... This article is about pretender as applied to a monarchy. ... King Richard was the name of three monarchs in English history: Richard I of England Richard II of England Richard III of England Although there was no King Richard IV of England, this title can sometimes refer to: Richard, Duke of York, one of the Princes in the Tower, who... This article is about the medieval crusades. ... The Siege of Acre was the most important event of the Third Crusade, lasting from August 28, 1189 until July 12, 1191, and the first time in the history of the crusades that the king was compelled to personally see to the defense of the Holy Land. ...


The book opens with a scene of Norman knights and prelates seeking the hospitality of Cedric the Saxon, of Rotherwood. They are guided thither by a Palmer, fresh returned from the Holy Land. The same night, seeking refuge from the inclement weather and bandits, the Jew Isaac of York arrives at Rotherwood. Subsequent to the night's meal, characterised in keeping with the times by a heated exchange of words between the Saxon hosts and their Norman guests, the Palmer observes one of the Normans, the Templar Brian de Bois-Guilbert issue orders to his Saracen soldiers to follow Isaac of York after he leaves Rotherwood in the morning and relieve him of his possessions a safe distance from the castle. For other uses, see Holy Land (disambiguation). ... Saracens was a term used in the Middle Ages for those who professed the religion of Islam. ...


The Palmer then warns the Jewish money-lender of his peril and assists his escape from Rotherwood, at the crack of dawn. When he tries to get the swineherd Gurth to open the gates, he refuses to do so until the Palmer whispers a few words in his ear, which turn Gurth as helpful as he was recalcitrant earlier. This is but one of the many mysterious incidents that occur throughout the tale. In a draw in a mountainous region, a shepherd guides a flock of about 20 sheep amidst scrub and olive trees. ...


Isaac of York offers to repay his debt to the Palmer by offering him a suit of armour and a destrier, to participate in the tournament of Ashby whither he was bound. His offer is made on the surmise that the Palmer was in reality a knight, having observed his knight's chain and spurs. Though the Palmer is taken by surprise, he acquiesces to the offer, after the admonition that both armour and horse would be forfeit if he lost in combat. A destrier is an historical term for a knights war horse. ... Ashby is the name of several places in the world: In the United Kingdom: Ashby, Suffolk Ashby, Yorkshire Ashby by Partney, Lincolnshire Ashby cum Fenby, Lincolnshire Ashby de la Launde, Lincolnshire Ashby-De-La-Zouch, Leicestershire Ashby Folville, Leicestershire Ashby Magna, Leicestershire Ashby Parva, Leicestershire Ashby Puerorum, Lincolnshire Ashby St...


The story then moves to the scene of the famed tournament of Ashby-de-la-Zouche, which was presided over by Prince John Lackland of England. Besides the prince, the other characters in attendance are Cedric, Athelstan, the Lady Rowena, Isaac of York, his daughter Rebecca, Robin of Locksley and his men, Prince John's advisor Waldemar Fitzurse and numerous Norman knights. Market Street Ashby-de-la-Zouch Ashby-de-la-Zouch (formerly also Ashby-de-la-Zouche) is a small market town in the North West Leicestershire district of the county of Leicestershire, England. ... John of England depicted in Cassells History of England (1902) John (French: Jean) (December 24, 1166/67–October 18/19, 1216) reigned as King of England from 1199 to 1216. ... For other uses, see Robin Hood (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Knight (disambiguation) or Knights (disambiguation). ...


In the first day of the tournament, a bout of individual jousting, a mysterious masked knight identifying himself only as "Desdichado", supposedly Spanish for the "Disinherited One" (though actually meaning "Unfortunate"), makes his appearance and manages to defeat some of the best Norman lances including the Templar Sir Brian de Bois-Guilbert, the Hospitaller Maurice de Bracy and the baron Reginald Front de Boeuf. The masked knight declines to reveal himself despite Prince John's request but is, nevertheless declared the champion of the day and, as his due, is permitted to choose the Queen of the Tournament, which honour he bestows upon the Lady Rowena. A tournament is a competition involving a relatively large number of competitors, all participating in a single sport or game. ... This article is about the 1982 arcade game. ... The term Templar may refer to: Orders and societies Knights Templar, a medieval Christian military order that was very prominent in the Crusades, from the early 1100s until the early 1300s. ... The Hospitalier Maréchal Mathieu de Clermont defending the walls. ...


On the second day, which is a melée, the Desdichado, as champion of the first day, is chosen to be leader of one party. Most of the leading knights of the realm, however, flock to the opposite standard under which fight the Desdichado's vanquished opponents of the previous day. The Desdichado's side is soon hard pressed and he himself unfairly beset by multiple foes simultaneously, when a knight who had till then taken no part in the battle, and thus earning the sobriquet Le Noir Faineant or the Black Idler, rides to the Desdichado's rescue. The rescuing knight having evened the odds by his action, then slips away. Though the Desdichado was instrumental in wringing victory, Prince John being displeased with his behaviour of the previous day, wishes to bestow his accolades on the Black Knight who had ridden to the rescue. Since this latter is nowhere to be found, he is forced to declare the Desdichado the champion. At this point, being forced to unmask himself to receive his coronet, the Desdichado is revealed to be Wilfrid of Ivanhoe himself, returned from the Crusades. This causes much consternation to Prince John and his coterie who now fear the immiment return of King Richard.


Being severely wounded in the competition and, since Cedric refuses to have aught to do with him, he is taken into the care of Isaac of York, who had lent him his armour, and his daughter Rebecca, a skilled healer. They decide to take him with them to York, where he may be best treated. A healer is someone who intends to aid recovery from ill health, including alleged faith healers. ...


There follows a splendid account of Robin of Locksley, or Robin Hood, winning the archery contest at the tournament, between the descriptions of the jousts.


In the meanwhile, Maurice de Bracy finds himself infatuated with the Lady Rowena and, with his companions-in-arms, plans to abduct her. In the forests between Ashby and York, the Lady Rowena, her guardian Cedric and the Saxon thane Aethelstan encounter Isaac of York, Rebecca and the wounded Ivanhoe, who were abandoned by their sevants for fear of bandits. The Lady Rowena, in response to the supplication of Isaac and Rebecca, urges Cedric to take them under his protection till York. Cedric acquiesces to it, being unaware of that the wounded man is Ivanhoe. En route, they are captured by Maurice de Bracy and his companions and taken to the castle of Torquilstone, belonging to Reginald Front de Boeuf. The swineherd and serf, Gurth, who had run away from Rotherwood to serve Ivanhoe as squire at the tournament, and who was recaptured by Cedric when Ivanhoe was identified, manages to escape.


The Black Knight having taken refuge for the night in the hut of a friar, volunteers his assistance on learning about the predicament of the captives from Robin of Locksley who comes to rouse the friar for an attempt to free them. They then set about besieging the Castle of Torquilstone with Robin Hood's own men, including the friar, who is none other than Friar Tuck, and the country levees they manage to raise, who are angered by the oppression of Reginald Front de Boeuf and his neighbour, Philip de Malvoisin. The friar took Robin on his back Illustration by Louis Rhead to Bold Robin Hood and His Outlaw Band: Their Famous Exploits in Sherwood Forest Friar Tuck is a companion to Robin Hood in the legends about that character. ...


At Torquilstone, Maurice de Bracy presses his suit with the Lady Rowena, while his love goes unrequited. In the meantime, Brian de Bois-Guilbert, who had accompanied de Bracy on the raid, takes Rebecca for his captive and tries to force his attentions, which are rebuffed, upon her. Front de Boeuf, in the meantime, tries to wring a hefty ransom, by torture, from Isaac of York. Isaac refuses to pay a farthing unless his daughter is freed from her Templar captor


When the besiegers deliver a note to yield up the captives, their Norman captors retort with a message for a priest to administer the Final Sacrament to the captives. It is then that Wamba manages to slip in as a priest and take the place of Cedric, who thus escapes, bringing important information of the strength of the garrison and its layout.


Then follows an account of the storming of the castle. Front de Boeuf is killed while de Bracy surrenders to the Black Knight, who identifies himself to the Hospitaller, and is ordered to leave England never to return. However, Brian de Bois-Guilbert manages to escape with Rebecca and Isaac is released from his underground dungeon by Friar Tuck. The Lady Rowena is saved by Cedric, while the crippled Ivanhoe is plucked from the flames of the castle by the Black Knight. In the fighting, Aethelstan is grievously wounded while attempting to rescue Rebecca, whom he mistakes for Rowena.


Subsequently, in the woodlands, Robin Hood plays the host to the Black Knight and in the course of this carousal that the latter reveals himself to be King Richard I of England. Word is also conveyed by De Bracy to Prince John of the King's return and the fall of Torquilstone. Richard I (8 September 1157 – 6 April 1199) was King of England from 6 July 1189 to 6 April 1199. ...


In the meantime, Bois-Guilbert rushes with his captive to the nearest Templar Preceptory, which is under his friend Philip de Malvoisin, expecting to be able to flee the country. However, Lucas Beaumanoir, the Grand-Master of the Templars is unexpectedly present there. He takes umbrage at de Bois-Guilbert's sinful passion, which is in violation of his Templar vows and decides to subject Rebecca to a trial for witchcraft, for having cast a spell on so devoted a Templar brother as Bois-Guilbert. She is found guilty, through a flawed trial and pleads for a trial by combat. De Bois-Guilbert who had hoped to fight as her champion incognito, is devastated by the Grand-Master's order to fight against her champion. Rebecca then proceeds to write to her father to procure a champion for her. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into List of Knights Templar. ...


Meanwhile Cedric organises Aethelstan's funeral at Kyningestun, in the midst of which the Black Knight, having been invited, arrives with a companion. Cedric, who had not been present at Robin Hood's carousal, is at first ill-disposed towards the Black Knight, on learning his true identity. King Richard calms Cedric and reconciles him with his son, convincing him to agree to the marriage of Ivanhoe and Rowena. Shortly afterwards, Aethelstan emerges - not dead, but having been laid in his coffin alive by avaricious monks, desirous of the funeral money. Over Cedric's renewed protests, Aethelstan pledges his homage to the Norman King Richard and urges Cedric to marry the Lady Rowena to Ivanhoe. Cedric yields, not, as it seems, unwillingly.


Soon after this reconciliation, Ivanhoe receives a message from Isaac of York beseeching him to fight on Rebecca's behalf. Upon arriving at the scene of the witch-burning Ivanhoe forces de Bois-Guilbert from his saddle, but does not kill him - the Templar dies "a victim to the violence of his own contending passions", which is pronounced as the judgment of God by the Grand Master, and proof of Rebecca's innocence. King Richard who had quit the funeral feast soon after Ivanhoe's departure, then arrives at the Templar Preceptory, banishes the Templars from England and declares their possessions forfeit, for having aided in the plots against him. Perhaps it would be noteworthy to observe here, that the banishment of the Templars did not actually occur until a century later, when in the reign of King Edward II of England, the order was dissolved.


Fearing further persecution, Rebecca and her father leave England for Grenada, prior to which she comes to bid Rowena a fond farewell. Ivanhoe and Rowena marry and live a long and happy life together, though the final paragraphs of the book note that Ivanhoe's long service was cut short when King Richard met a premature death in battle.


Characters

  • Wilfrid of Ivanhoe – a knight and son of a Saxon family
  • Rebecca – a Jewish healer
  • Rowena – a noble Saxon Lady
  • Prince John – brother of King Richard and regent of England in his absence
  • The Black Knight or Knight of the Fetterlock – King Richard the Lionhearted, incognito
  • Locksley – i.e., Robin Hood
  • The Hermit or Clerk of Companhurst –– i.e., Friar Tuck
  • Brian de Bois-Guilbert – a Templar Knight
  • Isaac of York – the father of Rebecca; a Jewish merchant and money-lender
  • Prior Aymer – a rich churchman
  • Reginald Front-de-Boeuf– a local baron who was given Ivanhoe's estate by Prince John
  • Cedric the Saxon – Ivanhoe's father
  • Lucas Beaumanoir – fictional Grand Master of the Knights Templars
  • Conrade of MontfichetTemplar
  • Maurice De Bracy– a Hospitaller
  • Waldemar FitzursePrince John's loyal minion
  • Aethelstan – last of the Saxon royal line
  • Albert de MalvoisinTemplar
  • Philip de Malvoisin – local baron (brother of Albert)
  • Gurth – Cedric's loyal Swineherd
  • Wamba – Cedric's loyal Jester

For other uses, see Saxon (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Saxon (disambiguation). ... This article is about the King of England. ... Glen Thomas Jacobs (born April 26, 1967 in Madrid, Spain, but raised near Nashville, Tennessee, currently residing in Knoxville, Tennessee) is a professional wrestler for World Wrestling Entertainment on the RAW brand, best known for wrestling as Kane. ... For other uses, see Robin Hood (disambiguation). ... The friar took Robin on his back Illustration by Louis Rhead to Bold Robin Hood and His Outlaw Band: Their Famous Exploits in Sherwood Forest Friar Tuck is a companion to Robin Hood in the legends about that character. ... For other uses, see Knights Templar (disambiguation). ... This article is about the King of England. ... For other uses, see Knights Templar (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Knights Templar (disambiguation). ... The Hospitalier Maréchal Mathieu de Clermont defending the walls. ... This article is about the King of England. ... For other uses, see Saxon (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Knights Templar (disambiguation). ... In a draw in a mountainous region, a shepherd guides a flock of about 20 sheep amidst scrub and olive trees. ... For other uses of Jester, see Jester (disambiguation). ...

Allusions/references from other works

  • Arthur Conan Doyle, while discussing the book Ivanhoe in his book Through the Magic Door, says: "I remember the late James Payn telling the anecdote that he and two literary friends agreed to write down what scene in fiction they thought the most dramatic, and that on examining the papers it was found that all three had chosen the same. It was the moment when the unknown knight, at Ashby-de-la-Zouche, riding past the pavilions of the lesser men, strikes with the sharp end of his lance, in a challenge to mortal combat, the shield of the formidable Templar. It was, indeed, a splendid moment! What matter that no Templar was allowed by the rules of his Order to take part in so secular and frivolous an affair as a tournament? It is the privilege of great masters to make things so, and it is a churlish thing to gainsay it."
  • Edward Eager's book Knight's Castle (1956) magically transports four children into the story of Ivanhoe.
  • The band Dschinghis Khan had a song called Ivanhoe on the album "Helden, Shurken, und Der Dudelmoser".
  • In the comic strip, Zits, protagonist Jeremy labors over Ivanhoe as assigned reading.
  • In the British television series Life on Mars, Sam Tyler's childhood cat is called Ivanhoe, as witnessed in Episode 5, when he calls out to it. Later the cat snuggles up to his leg.
  • Christopher Vogler wrote a sequel called Ravenskull (2006), published by Seven Seas Publishing.
  • Pierre Efratas also wrote a sequel called Le Destin d'Ivanhoe (2003), published by Editions Charles Corlet. He replies this question : what happens with Ivanhoe when his enemy prince John becomes king ?
  • Simon Hawke uses the story as the basis for The Ivanhoe Gambit the first novel in his time travel adventure series TimeWars.
  • The film Ivanhoe (1982) has been shown on Swedish television every New Years Day 1st of January for many years now.
  • It is noted that the phrase "Ivanhoe by Sir Walter Scott" is an anagram of "A novel by a Scottish writer."
  • In the movie Matilda, (which was based on a book by Roald Dahl), Matilda appears to be reading "Ivanhoe".
  • 'Look your last upon the sun' is said by De Bois-Guilbert[1] and used on several Opeth tshirts designs.
  • In the ABC and Disney Channel series, Life with Derek, Casey McDonald has read Ivanhoe and is obsessed with finding a man like Wilfrid.

William Makepeace Thackeray (July 18, 1811 – December 24, 1863) was a British novelist of the 19th century. ... Sir Arthur Ignatius Conan Doyle, DL (22 May 1859 – 7 July 1930) was a Scottish author most noted for his stories about the detective Sherlock Holmes, which are generally considered a major innovation in the field of crime fiction, and for the adventures of Professor Challenger. ... Sir Alfred Joseph Hitchcock KBE (August 13, 1899 â€“ April 29, 1980) was an iconic and highly influential British-born film director and producer who pioneered many techniques in the suspense and thriller genres. ... For other uses, see Shadow of a Doubt (disambiguation). ... Maud Hart Lovelace (April 26, 1892 - 1980) was an American author best known for the Betsy-Tacy series. ... Betsy in Spite of Herself (1946) is the sixth volume in the Betsy-Tacy series by Maud Hart Lovelace. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... For the song of the same name, see Dschinghis Khan (song). ... To Kill a Mockingbird is a Southern Gothic bildungsroman novel by Harper Lee. ... Nelle Harper Lee (born April 28, 1926) is an American novelist known for her Pulitzer Prize – winning 1960 novel To Kill a Mockingbird, her only major work to date. ... Slaughterhouse-Five; or, The Childrens Crusade: A Duty-Dance With Death is a 1969 novel by Kurt Vonnegut. ... Kurt Vonnegut, Jr. ... For the breakfast cereal, see Wheaties. ... Marge Gets a Job is the seventh episode of The Simpsons fourth season. ... Simpsons redirects here. ... The Boy Who Cried Wolf, illustrated by Milo Winter in a 1919 Aesop anthology For other uses, see Cry Wolf (disambiguation). ... Agricultural square bladed hoe. ... Zits is a comic strip about a teenager named Jeremy Duncan and his relationship with family and friends. ... Life on Mars is a BAFTA and International Emmy award-winning British television drama series, which was first shown on BBC One in January and February 2006. ... DCI Sam Tyler is the main fictional character in the BBC One sci-fi police drama Life on Mars. ... Binomial name Felis catus Linnaeus, 1758 Synonyms Felis lybica invalid junior synonym The cat (or domestic cat, house cat) is a small carnivorous mammal. ... Christopher Vogler is a Hollywood screenwriter. ... Simon Hawke (born September 30, 1951) is an American author of mainly science fiction and fantasy novels. ... Cover sample of The Ivanhoe Gambit Book 1 in the Series. ... Matilda may refer to: Matilda (novel), a novel by Roald Dahl, illustrated by Quentin Blake Matilda (1996 film), directed by Danny DeVito, based on the novel Matilda (1978 film), about a kangaroo named Matilda Mathilda (novella), by Mary Shelley Matilda tank, a WWII British tank Matilda Mk I, a WWII... Roald Dahl (IPA: ]) (13 September 1916 – 23 November 1990) was a Welsh novelist, short story writer and screenwriter, who rose to prominence in the 1940s with works for both children and adults, and became one of the worlds bestselling authors. ... Life with Derek is a Canadian sitcom that is currently being aired on the Family Channel in Canada (English), on VRAK.TV in Quebec (French), in Germany, Israel, France, Disney Channel in the United States, Mexico, Italy, Portugal, and South America, and Nickelodeon in Australia and Asia. ...

Allusions to real history and geography

The location of the novel is centred upon South Yorkshire and North Nottinghamshire in England. Castles mentioned within the story include Ashby de la Zouch where the opening tournament is held (now a ruin in the care of English Heritage), York (though the mention of Clifford's Tower, likewise EH and still standing, is anachronistic, it not having been called that until later after various rebuilds) and 'Coningsburgh', which is based upon Conisbrough Castle near Doncaster (also EH and a popular tourist attraction). Reference is made within the story, too, to York Minster, where the climactic wedding takes place, and to the Bishop of Sheffield. These references within the story contribute to the notion that Robin Hood lived or travelled in and around this area. South Yorkshire is a metropolitan and ceremonial county in the Yorkshire and the Humber Government Office Region of England, in the United Kingdom. ... Nottinghamshire (abbreviated Notts) is an English county in the East Midlands, which borders South Yorkshire, Lincolnshire, Leicestershire and Derbyshire. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... , Ashby de la Zouch is a small market town and civil parish in North West Leicestershire, England. ... The standard of English Heritage English Heritage is a non-departmental public body of the United Kingdom government (Department for Culture, Media and Sport) with a broad remit of managing the historic environment of England. ... York Castle is an area of York near the confluence of the Rivers Ouse and the Foss. ... An anachronism (from Greek ana, back, and chronos, time) is an artifact that belongs to another time, a person who seems to be displaced in time (i. ... Conisbrough Castle Conisbrough Castle Keep Conisbrough Castle is a castle in the town of Conisbrough near Doncaster, South Yorkshire, England. ... For other places with the same name, see Doncaster (disambiguation). ... York Minster is the largest Gothic cathedral in northern Europe and is situated in the city of York in Northern England. ... For other uses, see Sheffield (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Robin Hood (disambiguation). ...


The ancient town of Conisbrough has become so dedicated to the story of Ivanhoe that many of the streets, schools and public buildings are named after either characters from the book or the 12th-century castle. Conisbrough (frequently misspelled Conisborough) is a small town located roughly midway between Doncaster and Rotherham in South Yorkshire, England. ...


Influence on Robin Hood

The modern vision of Robin Hood as a cheerful, patriotic rebel owes much to Ivanhoe. "Locksley", although first mentioned as Robin's birthplace in 1600 and used as an epithet in one ballad, becomes Robin's title in this novel and hereafter: Robin Hood from Locksley becomes Robin of Locksley, alias Hood. The Saxon-Norman conflict first mooted as an influence on the legend by Joseph Ritson is made a major theme by Scott, and remains so in many subsequent retellings. Although Scott actually shuns the convention since the sixteenth century of depicting Robin as a dispossessed nobleman, Ivanhoe has contributed to this strand of the legend too: because subsequent Robin Hoods (e.g. in the 1922 Douglas Fairbanks film, and 1991's Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves) take on Wilfrid of Ivanhoe's own characteristics - they are returning Crusaders, have quarrelled with their fathers, and so forth. For other uses, see Robin Hood (disambiguation). ... Joseph Ritson (October 2, 1752 - September 23, 1803), was an English antiquary. ... Douglas Fairbanks (May 23, 1883 – December 12, 1939) was an American actor, screenwriter, director and producer, who became noted for his swashbuckling roles in silent movies such as The Mark of Zorro (1920), The Three Musketeers (1921), Robin Hood (1922), The Thief of Bagdad (1924) and The Black Pirate (1926). ... Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves was a 1991 film directed by Kevin Reynolds. ...


Robin's feat of splitting his competitor's arrow in an archery contest appears for the first time in Ivanhoe.


Historical accuracy

Although the general political events depicted in the novel are relatively accurate – it tells of the period just after King Richard's imprisonment in Austria following the Crusade, and of his return to England – the story is heavily fictionalised.


There has been criticism, as unsupported by the evidence of contemporary records, of the enmity of Saxon and Norman, represented as persisting in the days of Richard I, which forms the basis of the story.[2] Most historians have assumed that there was substantial intermarriage between the Normans and the English, but genealogical analyses of the 11th century Domesday Book and 12th century manuscripts have shown that this was not the case. In fact, the Normans considered themselves to be socially and ethnically élite, and operated a medieval version of apartheid.[3] Scott's depiction of late 12th century society fits well with this research.


One inaccuracy in Ivanhoe created a new name in the English language: Cedric. The original Saxon name is Cerdic but Sir Walter committed metathesis. The satirist H. H. Munro, with his typical caustic wit, commented: "It is not a name but a misspelling." Cerdic was the name of more than one King in English history: Cerdic of Elmet Cerdic of Wessex This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Metathesis is a sound change that alters the order of phonemes in a word. ... Saki (December 18, 1870 - November 14, 1916) was the pen name of British author Hector Hugh Munro, whose witty and outrageous stories satirised the Edwardian social scene in macabre and cruel ways. ...


A major inaccuracy is that it would be quite impossible for Rebecca to be sentenced to burn for witchcraft in England in 1194. The Church did not undertake the finding and punishment of "witches" until the 1250s, and death did not become the usual penalty until the fifteenth century; even then, the form of execution used for witches in England (unlike Scotland and Continental Europe) was hanging, burning being reserved for those also convicted of high or petty treason. However, it should be noted that the method of Rebecca's execution was proposed by Lucas Beaumanoir, Grand Master of the Knights Templars, a Frenchman and a fanatic. Determined to root out corruption from the Templars, it is quite possible that Beaumanoir, like many nobles of the time, considered himself above the law and entitled to execute a witch in his power in any way he chose. Witch redirects here. ... This article is about the country. ... For other uses, see Treason (disambiguation) or Traitor (disambiguation). ...


The novel's references to the Moorish king Boabdil are also anachronistic, since he lived about 300 years after Richard. Sword of Boabdil Boabdil (a corruption of the name Abu Abdullah, or, in full, Abu abd-Allah Muhammad XII, Arabic: ) </a> (1460?–1533) was the last Moorish king of Granada (of the Nasrid dynasty). ...


Film, TV or theatrical adaptations

The novel has been the basis for two movies, each also entitled Ivanhoe;

There is also a Russian movie The Ballad of the Valiant Knight Ivanhoe (Баллада о доблестном рыцаре Айвенго) (1983), directed by Sergey Tarasov, with songs of Vladimir Vysotsky, starring Peteris Gaudins as Ivanhoe. King Baggot (born November 7, 1879 - died July 11, 1948) was an American motion picture pioneer actor, screenwriter and director. ... Chepstow Castle from the old Wye Bridge Interior of Chepstow Castle Chepstow Castle, located in Chepstow on top of cliffs overlooking the River Wye, was built by the Norman lord William FitzOsbern from 1067. ... This article is about the country. ... For other uses, see Ivanhoe (disambiguation). ... Robert Taylor (August 5, 1911 – June 8, 1969), was an American actor. ... For other persons named Elizabeth Taylor, see Elizabeth Taylor (disambiguation). ... Joan Fontaine (born October 22, 1917) is an Academy Award-winning British American actress, who became an American citizen in April 1943. ... This article is about the actor. ... Finlay Jefferson Currie (20 January 1878 – 9 May 1968) was a Scottish actor on stage, screen and television. ... Sebastian Cabot (July 6, 1918 â€“ August 22, 1977) was a film and television actor, best remembered as a gently composed gentlemans gentleman in the 1960s situation comedy Family Affair, but his sonorous voice and understated style belied his frequent typecasting as an Englishman trying to make sense of America. ... Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent and most watched film awards ceremony in the world. ... ©A.M.P.A.S.® The Academy Award for Best Motion Picture is one of the Awards of Merit presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) to artists working in the motion picture industry. ... Pandro Samuel Berman (28 March 1905 – 13 July 1996), known as Pandro S. Berman, was an American film producer. ... Charles Rosher the first recipient in 1928 The Academy Award for Best Cinematography is awarded each year to a cinematographer for his work in one particular motion picture. ... Freddie Young (9th October, 1902 - 1st December, 1998), (sometimes credited as Frederick A. Young) was one of Britains most distinguished and influential cinematographers. ... The Academy Award for Original Music Score is presented to the best substantial body of music in the form of dramatic underscoring written specifically for the film by the submitting composer. ... Miklós Rózsa (IPA: ) or Miklos Rozsa (April 18, 1907 - July 27, 1995) was a Hungarian-born composer, best known for his film scores, most notably the score to the 1959 epic Ben-Hur. ... For other uses, see Vysotsky. ...


There have also been many television adaptations of the novel, including:

  • Late 1950s: A television series based on the character of Ivanhoe starred Roger Moore as Ivanhoe.
  • 1970: A TV mini series starring Eric Flynn as Ivanhoe.
  • 1982: Ivanhoe, a television movie starring Anthony Andrews as Ivanhoe, Michael Hordern as his father, Cedric, Sam Neill as Sir Brian, Olivia Hussey as Rebecca, James Mason as Isaac, Lysette Anthony as Rowena, Julian Glover as King Richard, and David Robb as Robin Hood. In this version, Sir Brian is a hero. Though he could easily have won the fight against the wounded and weakened Ivanhoe, Brian lowers his sword and allows himself to be slaughtered, thus saving the life of his beloved Rebecca.
  • 1997: Ivanhoe the King's Knight a televised cartoon series produced by CINAR and France Animation. General retelling of classic tale.
  • 1997: This version of Ivanhoe was released as a 6-part, 5-hour series, a co-production of A&E and the BBC. It stars Steven Waddington as Ivanhoe, Ciarán Hinds as Bois-Guilbert, Susan Lynch as Rebecca, and Victoria Smurfit as Rowena.
  • 2000 A Channel 5 adaptation entitled Dark Knight attempted to adapt Ivanhoe for an ongoing series. Ben Pullen played Ivanhoe and Charlotte Comer played Rebecca.
  • 2008 Family Channel's Life With Derek made an episode where Casey wants Max to be more chivalrious.

An operatic adaptation by Sir Arthur Sullivan (see Ivanhoe) ran for over 150 consecutive performances in 1891. Other operas based on the novel have been composed by Gioachino Rossini (Ivanhoé), John Parry, Otto Nicolai (Il Templario)and Heinrich Marschner (Der Templer Und Die Jüdin). For other persons named Roger Moore, see Roger Moore (disambiguation). ... eric flynn is from massena ny and is basicly a god. ... “Telefilm” redirects here. ... Anthony Andrews (born January 12, 1948 in London) is an English actor, best known for his role in Brideshead Revisited playing the doomed Sebastian Flyte. ... Sir Michael Hordern (October 3, 1911-May 2, 1995) was a British actor, knighted in 1983 for his services to the theatre. ... Sam Neill, DCNZM, OBE (born 14 September 1947) is a New Zealand film and television actor. ... Olivia Hussey (born Olivia Osuna on April 17, 1951 in Buenos Aires, Argentina) is an Anglo-Argentine actress perhaps best known for her role as Juliet in Franco Zeffirellis 1968 film version of Romeo and Juliet. ... James Neville Mason (May 15, 1909 – July 27, 1984) was a three-time Academy Award nominated English actor who attained stardom in both British and American films. ... Lysette Anthony (born September 26, 1963 in London, England) is an English film, television, and theatre actor. ... Julian Wyatt Glover (born March 27, 1935) is an English actor. ... David Robb (b. ... Biography is one of A&Es longest-running and most popular programs. ... For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ... Steven Waddington is a British actor born in 1968 in Leeds [1]who is probably best known for his supporting role in Michael Manns The Last Of the Mohicans. ... Hinds in HBOs TV Series Rome Ciarán Hinds (born February 9, 1953) is a well-respected Belfast-born actor whose work spans theatre, radio, television, and film. ... Image:Susan Lynch. ... Victoria Smurfit (born in 1974 in Dublin, Ireland) is an Irish actress most famous for her role as Orla OConnell on the BBC television series Ballykissangel. ... Five, launched in 1997, is the fifth and final national terrestrial analogue television channel to launch in the United Kingdom. ... Life with Derek is a Canadian sitcom that is currently being aired on the Family Channel in Canada (English), on VRAK.TV in Quebec (French), in Germany, Israel, France, Disney Channel in the United States, Mexico, Italy, Portugal, and South America, and Nickelodeon in Australia and Asia. ... Sir Arthur Seymour Sullivan (May 13, 1842–November 22, 1900) was a British composer best known for his operatic collaborations with librettist William S. Gilbert. ... For other uses, see Ivanhoe (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Ivanhoe (disambiguation). ... Heinrich Marschner (b. ...


See also

  • Trysting Tree - several reference are made to these trees as agreed gathering places.

A Tryst is a time and a place for a meeting, especially of lovers. ...

References

  1. ^ Google Books[1]
  2. ^ ”Ivanhoe”, page 499. The Oxford Companion to English Literature, 1989
  3. ^ Keys, D: Normans practised apartheid on English”, The Independent (London) 13.3.1999

External links

This article incorporates text from the public domain 1907 edition of The Nuttall Encyclopædia. Project Gutenberg, abbreviated as PG, is a volunteer effort to digitize, archive and distribute cultural works. ... For the in-memory database management system, see In-memory database. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ... The Nuttall Encyclopædia is an early-20th-century encyclopedia, edited by Rev. ...

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

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