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Encyclopedia > Ito Hirobumi

Born in Hagi, Yamaguchi, Prince Itō Hirobumi (伊藤 博文 Itō Hirobumi 16 October 184126 October 1909, also called Hirofumi/Hakubun and Shunsuke in his youth) was a Japanese politician and the country's first Prime Minister (and the 5th, 7th and 10th). Hagi (萩市; -shi) is a city located in Yamaguchi, Japan and was founded on July 1, 1932. ... October 16 is the 289th day of the year (290th in Leap years). ... take you to calendar). ... October 26 is the 299th day of the year (300th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 66 days remaining. ... 1909 (MCMIX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Politics Look up Politics in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Politics (disambiguation) Democracy History of democracy List of democracy and elections-related topics List of years in politics List of politics by country articles Political corruption Political economy Political movement Political parties of... The Prime Minister of Japan (内閣総理大臣 Naikaku sōri daijin) is the English political nomenclature of the head of government of Japan. ...

Portrait of Ito Hirobumi
Portrait of Ito Hirobumi

Contents

Ito Hirobumi (1841-1909), first Prime Minister of Japan. ... Ito Hirobumi (1841-1909), first Prime Minister of Japan. ...


Prime Minister of Japan

December 22 is the 356th day of the year (357th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1885 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... April 30 is the 120th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (121st in leap years), with 245 days remaining, as the last day in April. ... 1888 is a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar). ... August 8 is the 220th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (221st in leap years), with 145 days remaining. ... 1892 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... August 31 is the 243rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (244th in leap years), with 122 days remaining, as the final day of August. ... 1896 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... January 12 is the 12th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1898 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... June 30 is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 184 days remaining, and the last day of June. ... 1898 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... October 19 is the 292nd day of the year (293rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1900 (MCM) is a common year starting on Monday. ... May 10 is the 130th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (131st in leap years). ... 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ...

Early Years

He was a Choshu samurai's adopted son and gained samurai status for himself in 1863, but a visit to England in the same year convinced him of the necessity of modernising Japan by adopting Western ways. He was one of the Choshu Five who studied at University College London. Nagato (Ja. ... For other uses, please see Samurai (disambiguation) Japanese samurai in armour, 1860s. ... 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: England Travel guide to England from Wikitravel English language English law English (people) List of monarchs of England – Kings of England family tree List of English people Angeln (region in northern Germany, presumably the origin of the Angles for whom England is named) UK... The Choshu five (長州五傑 Chōshū Goketsu) were members of the Choshu han of western Japan who studied in England at University College London under the guidance of Professor Alexander William Williamson. ... University College London, commonly known as UCL, is one of the colleges that make up the University of London. ...


In 1864 he returned to Japan with fellow student Inoue Kaoru to attempt to warn the Choshu clan against going to war with the foreigners over the right of passage through the Straits of Shimonoseki. At that time he met Ernest Satow for the first time, later a lifelong friend. 1864 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1880 (Meiji 13) Inoue Kaoru (井上 馨 Inoue Kaoru, January 16, 1836 - September 1, 1915;) was a Japanese statesman. ... ... Sir Ernest Mason Satow, G.C.M.G., P.C. (1843-1929), a British scholar-diplomat born to an ethnically German father (Hans David Christoph Satow, born in Swedish-occupied Wismar, naturalised British in 1846) and an English mother (Margaret, nee Mason) in Clapton, North London, and educated at Mill...


After the Meiji Restoration

After the Meiji Restoration, Ito served as a junior councillor in a number of different ministries. In 1873, Ito was made a full councillor and following the death of Okubo Toshimichi in 1878 he was home minister and dominated the government, by 1881 he forced Okuma Shigenobu to resign and gain the key role for himself. He headed a number of missions to study foreign governments. Based on the European ideas he established a cabinet and civil service in 1885, replacing the Dajokan as the decision-making state organisation, and became the first Prime Minister. The idea of constitutional governance was the strong influence he received as a member of Iwakura mission. He founded one of the earliest political parties of Japan, Rikkenseiyukai. In 1885 he negotiated the Convention of Tientsin with Li Hung-chang. He supervised the drafting of the Meiji Constitution of 1889. He remained head of the Privy council while Kuroda Kiyotaka and Yamagata Aritomo were Prime Ministers. The Meiji Restoration (Japanese: 明治維新, Meiji-ishin), also known as the Meiji Ishin, Revolution or Renewal, was a chain of events that led to a change in Japans political and social structure. ... 1873 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calaber). ... Ōkubo Toshimichi (大久保 利通 Ōkubo Toshimichi, 10 August 1830 - 14 May 1878), Japanese statesman, a samurai of Satsuma, is one of the five great nobles who led the revolution in 1868 against the shogunate. ... 1878 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1881 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Okuma Shigenobu (大隈重信 Okuma Shigenobu 16 February 1838–10 January 1922) was a Japanese politician and the 8th (June 30, 1898–November 8, 1898) and 17th (April 16, 1914–October 9, 1916) Prime Minister of Japan. ... 1885 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... The Dajō-kan ) was the Department of State in Heian period Japan. ... The Iwakura Mission or Iwakura Embassy was a diplomatic journey around the world, initiated by the oligarchs of the Meiji era. ... Rikkenseiyukai (立憲政友会) is a political party in Japan founded in 1890 by Count Itō Hirobumi. ... 1885 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... In 1885 Ito Hirobumi negotiated the Convention of Tientsin with Li Hung-chang which stated that (a) pull their expeditionary forces out of Korea simultaneously; (b) not send military instructors for the training of the Korean army; and (c) notify the other side beforehand should one decide to send troops... Li Hongzhang (Chinese: 李鴻章; pinyin: Lǐ Hóngzhāng, Wade-Giles: Li Hung-chang) (February 15, 1823 - November 7, 1901) was a general who ended several major rebellions, and a leading statesman of the late Chinese Qing Empire. ... 上諭 - The Emperors words 上諭 - The Emperors words 御名御璽 - Imperial Signature and Seal 本文 - text The Constitution of the Empire of Japan(大日本帝國憲法), more commonly known as the Imperial or Meiji Constitution, was the fundamental law of the Empire of Japan from 1889 until 1947. ... 1889 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Kuroda Kiyotaka (黒田 清隆; October 16, 1840–August 25, 1900), also known as Ryōsuke, was a Japanese politician of the Meiji era, and the second Prime Minister of Japan from April 30, 1888 to October 25, 1889. ... Yamagata Aritomo (山県 有朋; April 22, 1838–February 1, 1922) was a Japanese military leader and politician, and the fourth (December 24, 1889–May 6, 1891) and 11th (1898–1900) Prime Minister of Japan. ...

Ito (left) and Mutsu at Shimonoseki
Ito (left) and Mutsu at Shimonoseki

As Prime Minister again (1892-96) he supported the Sino-Japanese War (1894-1895) and negotiated the Treaty of Shimonoseki in March 1895 with his ailing foreign minister Mutsu Munemitsu. After the war he became the first leader of the Seiyukai party, opposing Yamagata Aritomo. Prime Minister twice more (1898-1899, 1900-1901) he tried to negotiate a settlement with Russia before being forced from office by more militaristic politicians. He remained a power in the government as the premiership alternated between Saionji Kimmochi and Katsura Taro. Ito Hirobumi (left) and Mutsu Munemitsu (right) - statues outside the Shunpanrou, Shimonoseki where they signed the Treaty of Shimonoseki on behalf of Japan on April 17, 1895. ... Ito Hirobumi (left) and Mutsu Munemitsu (right) - statues outside the Shunpanrou, Shimonoseki where they signed the Treaty of Shimonoseki on behalf of Japan on April 17, 1895. ... Shimonoseki (下関市; -shi) is a city located in Yamaguchi, Japan. ... 1892 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1896 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Japan and Qing China fought the First Sino-Japanese War (or the Qing-Japanese War) during 1894 and 1895, primarily over control of Korea. ... The Shunpanrō hall where the Treaty of Shimonoseki was signed The Treaty of Shimonoseki (Japanese: 下関条約, Shimonoseki Jōyaku), known as the Treaty of Maguan (T. Chinese: 馬關條約, S. Chinese: 马关条约;) in China, was signed at the Shunpanrō hall on April 17, 1895 between the Empire of Japan and the Qing Empire. ... 1895 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Categories: Stub | 1844 births | 1897 deaths | Japanese politicians ... Rikkenseiyukai (立憲政友会) is a political party in Japan founded in 1890 by Count Itō Hirobumi. ... 1898 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1899 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1900 (MCM) is a common year starting on Monday. ... 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Militarism expounds that the foundation of a societys security is its military capacity, and claims that the development and maintenance of the military to ensure that capacity is the most important goal for that society. ... Kinmochi Saionji Saionji Kinmochi (西園寺 公望 Saionji Kinmochi October 23, 1849–November 24, 1940) was a Japanese politician and the 12th (January 7, 1906–July 14, 1908) and 14th (August 30, 1911–December 21, 1912) Prime Minister of Japan. ... Katsura Taro Marquess Katsura Taro (æ¡‚ 太郎 Katsura Tarō), (1848-01-04–1913-10-10) was a Japanese soldier, politician and Prime Minister of Japan. ...


Korea (1906-1909)

In November 1905 following the Russo-Japanese War Korea was occupied by Japanese forces and the Korean government was made to sign the Protectorate Treaty, Ito became the first Resident General there in 1906. He forced the Korean ruler, King Gojong, to abdicate in 1907 in favour of his son King Sunjong and pushed through the Japanese-Korean Convention (1907) giving Japan considerable control of Korean internal affairs. Despite resigning as Resident-General in 1909 Ito was assassinated at Harbin in Manchuria by a Korean nationalist An Jung-geun. His death was followed by the full annexation of Korea in 1910 with the Japan-Korea Annexation Treaty. 1905 (MCMV) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Greater Manchuria, Russian (outer) Manchuria is region to upper right in lighter Red; Liaodong Peninsula is the wedge extending into the Yellow Sea The Russo-Japanese War (1904–1905) was an extremely bloody conflict that grew out of the rival imperialist ambitions of Russia and Japan in Manchuria and Korea. ... Korea is a country divided into two independent nations, South Korea and North Korea, whose people share history, language, and ethnicity. ... Gojong (1852 - 1919) was the 26th king and 1st emperor of the Korean Joseon Dynasty. ... 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Sunjong was the last emperor of the Joseon Dynasty in Korea, ruling from 1907 until the Declaration of the Republic in 1919. ... 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... During the period between 1910 and 1948 there were various Governors of Korea. ... 1909 (MCMIX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Harbin (Simplified Chinese: 哈尔滨; Traditional Chinese: 哈爾濱; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Ha-erh-pin; Russian Харби́н Kharbin) is a sub-provincial city and the capital of the Heilongjiang Province in north-east China. ... Extent of Manchuria according to Definition 1 (dark red), Definition 3 (dark red + medium red) and Definition 4 (dark red + medium red + light red) Manchuria (Manchu: Manju, Simplified Chinese: 满洲; Traditional Chinese: 滿洲; pinyin: ) is name given to a vast territorial region in northeast Asia. ... An Jung-geun (September 2, 1879 - March 26, 1910) (Christian name: Thomas) was the Korean man who assassinated the Japanese politician Ito Hirobumi, the former Resident-General of Korea. ... 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... The Treaty of Annexation of Korea by Japan was signed on August 22, 1910 by the representatives of the Korean and Japanese Imperial Governments. ...


Family

Suematsu Kencho married his second daughter, Ikuko. Categories: Japanese authors | Japanese historians | Japanese statesmen | Japan-related stubs ...


See also

Commons
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Ito Hirobumi
Prime Ministers of Japan Flag of Japan
Ito - Kuroda - Yamagata - Matsukata - Ito (2nd) - Matsukata (2nd) - Ito (3rd) - Okuma - Yamagata (2nd) - Ito (4th) - Katsura - Saionji - Katsura (2nd) - Saionji (2nd) - Katsura (3rd) - Yamamoto - Okuma (2nd) - Terauchi - Hara - Takahashi - To. Kato - Yamamoto (2nd) - Kiyoura - Ta. Kato - Wakatsuki - G. Tanaka - Hamaguchi - Wakatsuki (2nd) - Inukai - Saito - Okada - Hirota - Hayashi - Konoe - Hiranuma - Abe - Yonai - Konoe (2nd) - Tojo - Koiso - K. Suzuki - Higashikuni - Shidehara - Yoshida - Katayama - Ashida - Yoshida (2nd) - Hatoyama - Ishibashi - Kishi - Ikeda - Sato - K. Tanaka - Miki - Fukuda - Ohira - Z. Suzuki - Nakasone - Takeshita - Uno - Kaifu - Miyazawa - Hosokawa - Hata - Murayama - Hashimoto - Obuchi - Mori - Koizumi
Preceded by:
(none) or Emperor of Korea Yi Ch'ok
Japanese Resident-General in Korea
1905–1909
Succeeded by:
Viscount Sone Arasuke
Preceded by:
Three great nobles of the Meiji Restoration
Japanese Prime Ministers
1885-1888
Succeeded by:
Kuroda Kiyotaka
Preceded by:
Matsukata Masayoshi
Japanese Prime Ministers
1892-1896
Succeeded by:
Kuroda Kiyotaka
Preceded by:
Matsukata Masayoshi
Japanese Prime Ministers
1898
Succeeded by:
Okuma Shigenobu
Preceded by:
Yamagata Aritomo
Japanese Prime Ministers
1900-1901
Succeeded by:
Katsura Taro

  Results from FactBites:
 
Ito Hirobumi - definition of Ito Hirobumi in Encyclopedia (514 words)
Count Itō Hirobumi (伊藤 博文 Itō Hirobumi 1841–1909, also called Hirofumi/Hakubun) was a Japanese politician and the country's first Prime Minister (and the 5th, 7th and 10th).
In 1873, Ito was made a full councillor and following the death of Okubo Toshimichi in 1878 he was home minister and dominated the government, by 1881 he forced Okuma Shigenobu to resign and gain the key role for himself.
Despite resigning as Resident-General in 1909 Ito was assassinated at Harbin in Manchuria by a Korean nationalist An Jung-geun.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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