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Encyclopedia > Italian Football League

The Italian football league system is a series of interconnected leagues for football clubs in Italy.

Contents

Structure

At the top is the Lega Nazionale Professionisti ('National Professional League', often referred to as 'Lega Calcio'), which has two divsions (Serie A and Serie B). Below that is the Lega Professionisti ('Professional League'), which has five divisions: two in Serie C1 (the upper level) and three in Serie C2 (the lower level). Below that is the simply named Serie D, a league of nine regional divisions that is organised by the Comitato Interregionale ('Interregional Committee').


Under them are five more levels (Eccelenza, Promozione, Prima Categoria, Seconda Categoria and Terza Categoria), each divided into regional divisions.


Current System

Level

League/Division(s)

1

Lega Nazionale Professionisti Serie A
20 clubs

2

Lega Nazionale Professionisti Serie B
22 clubs

3

Lega Professionisti Serie C1 Girone A
18 clubs

Lega Professionisti Serie C1 Girone B
18 clubs

4

Lega Professionisti Serie C2 Girone A
18 clubs

Lega Professionisti Serie C2 Girone B
18 clubs

Lega Professionisti Serie C2 Girone C
18 clubs

5

Serie D Girone A
18 clubs

Serie D Girone B
18 clubs

Serie D Girone C
18 clubs

Serie D Girone D
18 clubs

Serie D Girone E
18 clubs

Serie D Girone F
18 clubs

Serie D Girone G
18 clubs

Serie D Girone H
18 clubs

Serie D Girone I
18 clubs

6-10

Many more regional leagues

History

The first leagues were started by English emigrants in the 1890s in Italy. The first club was Genoa Cricket and Athletic Club (now Genoa 1893). Initially there were separate leagues for Italians and foreigners, they merged around 1897. In March 1898, the Italian Football Federation (Federazione Italiana Giuoco Calcio , FIGC) was set up in Torino. With four clubs joining - Genoa, FC Torinese, Internazionale di Torino and the Gymnastic Society of Torino. Other clubs existed but decided not to join. The first league took place on a single day, May 8, 1898 in Torino. The title was won by Genoa.


Genoa were the initial force in Italian football. They won the championship in 1899, 1900, 1902, 1903, and 1904. Following a split at the Gymnastic Society of Torino two clubs were formed - Milan FBC and FBC Juventus, they joined the league in 1900.


The league joined FIFA in 1905 and moved to a league structure, based on regions, in the same year. Other clubs joined the Federation, especially from north Italy. Pro Vercelli won the championship five times between 1908-1913.


Following the interruption of World War I a new association was briefly created in competition with the FIGC, the Confederazione Calcistica Italiana (CCI). And in 1919 Italy had two champions US Pro Vercelli and US Novese. The two groups merged in 1922.


The move to a national league structure occurred in 1929 with initially eighteen teams in the top league. The first winners in 1930 were Internazionale. The national team also won the World Cup in 1934 and 1938.


After World War II the league returned to a regional structure with a north-south divide and a play-off for a single year before returing to a national league. Torino were the first post-war league champions and went on to win four in a row.


However it is Juventus, A.C. Milan and Internazionale that have dominated the league since World War II, winning 54 titles between them.


See also

External link

  • Frequently Asked Questions on Italian Football (http://web.infinito.it/utenti/l/lanerossi/sportsvl/faq.htm)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Italian football league system - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (518 words)
The Italian football league system is a series of interconnected leagues for football clubs in Italy.
The league joined FIFA in 1905 and moved to a league structure, based on regions, in the same year.
After World War II the league returned to a regional structure with a north-south divide and a play-off for a single year before returing to a national league.
Football | Berlusconi in middle of football fiasco (772 words)
Silvio Berlusconi, the Italian prime minister, found himself at the heart of a new row over conflict of interests yesterday as his government wrestled with a television football rights crisis that threatens to deprive millions of Italians of their favourite sport this autumn.
Representatives of the Italian football league have called on the government to bail out the cash-strapped national sport and Mr Berlusconi finds himself in the now familiar position of having a finger in every pie.
Further compounding the conflict of interests, the chairman of the Italian football league is also the chairman of AC Milan.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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