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Encyclopedia > Italian Alps
The West face of the Petit Dru above the Chamonix valley near the Mer de Glace.
Digital relief of the Alps
Digital relief of the Alps

The Alps (German: Alpen; French: Alpes; Italian: Alpi; Slovenian: Alpe) is the name for one of the great mountain range systems of Europe, stretching from Austria and Slovenia in the east, through Italy, Switzerland, Liechtenstein and Germany to France in the west. The word "Alps" was taken via French from Latin Alpes (meaning "the Alps"), which may be influenced by the Latin words albus (white) or altus (high), or a Celtic word. The 1000 m high West face of the Petit Dru (3733 m) above the Mer de Glace in the Mont Blanc massif. ... The 1000 m high West face of the Petit Dru (3733 m) above the Mer de Glace in the Mont Blanc massif. ... Panorama of Chamonix valley Chamonix-Mont-Blanc or, more commonly, Chamonix is a town and commune in eastern France, in the Haute-Savoie département, at the foot of Mont Blanc. ... Mer de Glace The Mer de Glace (Sea of Ice) is a glacier located on the north face of the Mont Blanc, in the Alps. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1200x937, 713 KB) Beschreibung Other Versions Alpenrelief 02 Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Alps ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1200x937, 713 KB) Beschreibung Other Versions Alpenrelief 02 Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Alps ... A mountain range is a group of mountains bordered by lowlands or separated from other mountain ranges by passes or rivers. ... World map showing Europe Political map Europe is one of the seven traditional continents of Earth; the term continent here referring to a cultural and political distinction, rather than a physiographic one, thus leading to various perspectives about Europes precise borders. ... Latin is an ancient Indo-European language. ... The Celtic languages are the languages descended from Proto-Celtic, or Common Celtic, spoken by ancient and modern Celts alike. ...


The highest mountain in the Alps is Mont Blanc at 4,808 m on the French-Italian border. All the main peaks of the Alps can be found in the list of mountains of the Alps and list of Alpine peaks by prominence. This article is about the Alpine mountain. ... metre or meter, see meter (disambiguation) A metre or meter[1] (symbol: m) is a unit of length and the current base unit of length in the International System of Units (SI). ... This is a list of mountains of the Alps, ordered by elevation. ... This is a list of the mountains of the Alps, ordered by their topographic prominence. ...

Contents


Geography

Main article: Geography of the Alps

The Alps cover a large area. ...

Subdivision

The Alps with international borders marked
The Alps with international borders marked
Großglockner, south of Salzburg, Austria
Großglockner, south of Salzburg, Austria

The Alps are generally divided into Western Alps and Eastern Alps. The division is along the line between Lake Constance and Lake Como, following the Rhine. The Western Alps are higher, but their central chain is shorter and curved; they are located in Italy, France and Switzerland. The Eastern Alps (main ridge system elongated and broad) belong to Austria, Germany, Italy, Liechtenstein, Slovenia and Switzerland. The highest peak of the Western Alps is Mont Blanc, 4810 m. The highest peak in the Eastern Alps is Piz Bernina, 4052 meters. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1200x937, 578 KB) Beschreibung Other Versions Alpenrelief 01 Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Alps Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1200x937, 578 KB) Beschreibung Other Versions Alpenrelief 01 Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Alps Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1884x1413, 420 KB) Description: Großglockner seen from the southwest Source: Photo taken by myself, cropped, color balance slightly adjusted. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1884x1413, 420 KB) Description: Großglockner seen from the southwest Source: Photo taken by myself, cropped, color balance slightly adjusted. ... Großglockner is, at 3798 m above sea level, Austrias highest mountain and the highest mountain in the Alps east of the Brenner Pass. ... The West face of the Petit Dru above the Chamonix valley near the Mer de Glace. ... Eastern Alps is the name given to the eastern half of the Alps, usually defined as the area east of the Splügen Pass in eastern Switzerland. ... Map of the Bodensee; Schweiz is Switzerland, Deutschland is Germany, and Osterreich is Austria. ... Map of Lake Como. ... Loreley At 1,320 kilometres (820 miles) and an average discharge of more than 2,000 cubic meters per second, the Rhine (Dutch Rijn, French Rhin, German Rhein, Italian: Reno, Romansch: Rein, ) is one of the longest and most important rivers in Europe. ... A ridge is a geological feature that features a continuous elevational crest for some distance. ... This article is about the Alpine mountain. ... Piz Bernina is the highest mountain of the eastern Alps with an elevation of 4049 metres. ...


The Eastern Alps are commonly subdivided according to the different lithology (rock composition) of the more central parts of the Alps and the groups at its northern and southern fringes: Petrology is a field of geology which focuses on the study of rocks and the conditions by which they form. ...

The border between the Central Alps and the Southern Limestone Alps is the Periadriatic Seam. The Northern Limestone Alps are separated from the Central Eastern Alps by the Grauwacken Zone. A flysch is a sandstone formation, the word comes from the Swiss German language. ... Wienerwald near Breitenfurt The Wienerwald (English: Vienna Woods) is a wooded promontory of the Alps in eastern Lower Austria, located at the border between the Mostviertel and the Industrieviertel, two of the four quarters of Lower Austria. ... Bregenzerwald is one of the main regions in the Province of Austria. ... Looking towards Lelex from near to Crêt de La Neige The Jura folds are located north of the main Alpine orogenic front and are being continually deformed, accommodating the northwards compression due to Alpine folding. ... The Northern Limestone Alps are the ranges of the Eastern Alps north of the Central Eastern Alps. ... The Central Eastern Alps are the core ranges of the Eastern Alps with the highest peaks, located between the Northern Limestone Alps and the Southern Limestone Alps, from which they differ in geological composition. ... The Southern Limestone Alps are the ranges of the Eastern Alps south of the Central Eastern Alps. ... Relief of the Alps, and the Periadriatic Seam The Periadriatic Seam is a distinct geologic fault in Southern Europe, running S-shaped about 1000 km from the Tyrrhenian Sea through the whole Southern Alps as far as Hungary. ...

The Italian Alps as seen from the air
The Italian Alps as seen from the air

The Western Alps are commonly subdivided with respect to geography: ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 813 KB) Summary Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 813 KB) Summary Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...

Series of lower mountain ranges run parallel to the main chains of the Alps, including the French Prealps. (See Alpine geography.) The Ligurian Alps are a mountain range in Italy. ... Maritime Alps The chief peaks of the Maritime Alps, from the Col de Tenda to the Col de lArgentiere, are: The chief passes of the Maritime Alps, from the Col de Tenda to the Col de lArgentiere, are: This article incorporates text from the public domain 1911 Encyclop... The chief peaks of the Cottian Alps, from the Col de lArgentiere to the Mont Cenis and westwards to the Col du Galibier, are: The chief passes of the Cottian Alps, from the Col de lArgentiere to the Mont Cenis and westwards to the Col du Galibier, are... The Dauphiné Alps (French Alpes du Dauphiné) are a group of mountain ranges in southeastern France, west of the main chain of the Alps. ... The chief peaks of the Graian Alps, from the Mont Cenis to the Little St Bernard Pass, are usually divided into three groups, the Central (the watershed between the two passes named), the Western or French, and the Eastern or Italian; in the following lists the initials C, W, and... The Pennine Alps are a mountain range in the western part of the Alps. ... The Bernese Alps (German: Berner Alpen) is a group of mountain ranges in the western part of the Alps, in Switzerland. ... The Lepontine Alps are a mountain range in the central part of the Alps. ... The chief peaks of the Tödi Range of the Swiss Alps, from the Oberalp Pass to the Klausen Pass, are: Passes The chief passes of the Tödi Range, from the Oberalp Pass to the Klausen Pass, are: Note: road status as of 1911 This article incorporates text from... This article focuses on the part of the Alps and Pré-Alps that is located in North-Eastern Switzerland. ... The French Prealps (Préalpes) are a group of mountain ranges of medium elevation. ... The Alps cover a large area. ...


The geologic subdivision is different and makes no difference between the Western and Eastern Alps: Helveticum in the north, Penninicum and Austroalpine system in the centre and south of the Periadriatic seam the Southern Alpine system and parts of the Dinarides (see Alpine Geology). This article is about the geology of the (European) Alps. ... This article is about the geology of the (European) Alps. ... This article is about the geology of the (European) Alps. ... This article is about the geology of the (European) Alps. ... Dinaric Alps or Dinarides are a mountain chain in Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia and Montenegro. ... The Alps arose as a result of the pressure exerted on sediments of the Tethys Ocean basin as its Mesozoic and early Cenozoic strata were pushed against the stable Eurasian landmass by the northward-moving African landmass. ...


Main chains

Enlarge
The European Alps from space in 2002.

The "main chain of the Alps" follows the watershed from the Mediterranean Sea to the Wienerwald, passing over many of the highest and most famous peaks in the Alps. From the Colle di Cadibona to Col de Tende it runs westwards, before turning to the north-west and then, near the Colle della Maddalena, to the north. Upon reaching the Swiss border, the line of the main chain heads approximately east-north-east, a heading it follows until its end near Vienna. This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Satellite image The Mediterranean Sea is a part of the Atlantic Ocean almost completely enclosed by land, on the north by Europe, on the south by Africa, and on the east by Asia. ... Wienerwald near Breitenfurt The Wienerwald (English: Vienna Woods) is a wooded promontory of the Alps in eastern Lower Austria, located at the border between the Mostviertel and the Industrieviertel, two of the four quarters of Lower Austria. ... The Col de Tende (Italian: Colle di Tenda) is a mountain pass in the Alps, on the border of France and Italy, at . ... Maddalena Pass (Italian: Colle della Maddalena French: Col de Larche) is a mountain pass between the Cottian Alps and the Maritime Alps, located between Italy and France. ... Vienna (German: Wien ) is the capital of Austria, and also one of the nine States of Austria. ...


Principal passes

The Alps do not form an impassable barrier; they have been traversed for war and commerce, and later by pilgrims, students and tourists. Crossing places by road, train or foot are called passes, these are depressions in the mountains to which a valley leads from the plains and hilly pre-mountainous zones. This article lists the principal mountain passes and tunnels in the Alps, and gives a history of transport across the Alps. ... The United States detonated an atomic bomb over Nagasaki on August 9, 1945. ... Commerce is the trading of something of value between two entities. ... For albums named Pilgrim, see Pilgrim (album). ... Students attending a lecture at the Helsinki University of Technology The word student is etymologically derived through Middle English from the Latin second-type conjugation verb stŭdērĕ, meaning to direct ones zeal at; hence a student is one who directs zeal at a subject. ... A tourist boat travels the River Seine in Paris, France Tourism can be defined as the act of travel for the purpose of recreation, and the provision of services for this act. ... A road ascends a mountainside using hairpin bends in the French Alps. ... For other uses, see Train (disambiguation). ...


Climate

Main article: Climate of the Alps

The climate of the Alps is the climate, or average weather conditions over a long time, of the central Alpine region of Europe. As we rise from sea level into the upper regions of the atmosphere, the temperature decreases. The effect of mountain chains on prevailing winds is to carry warm air belonging to the lower region into an upper zone, where it expands in volume at the cost of a proportionate loss of heat, often accompanied by the precipitation of moisture in the form of snow or rain. The climate of the Alps is the climate, or average weather conditions over a long time, of the central Alpine region of Europe. ... Weather is an all-encompassing term used to describe all of the many and varied phenomena that can occur in the atmosphere of a planet. ... World map showing Europe Political map Europe is one of the seven traditional continents of Earth; the term continent here referring to a cultural and political distinction, rather than a physiographic one, thus leading to various perspectives about Europes precise borders. ... For considerations of sea level change, in particular rise associated with possible global warming, see sea level rise. ... Layers of Atmosphere (NOAA) Air redirects here. ... In thermodynamics, temperature is the physical property of a system that underlies the common notions of hot and cold —something that is hotter has the greater temperature. ... The adiabatic lapse rate is the rate of temperature change that occurs in an atmosphere as a function of elevation, assuming that air behaves adiabatically. ... Mount McKinley (Denali) in Alaska (USA) has the highest visible base-to-summit elevation on Earth (approximately 5400 metres). ... Wind is the roughly horizontal movement of air (as opposed to an air current) caused by uneven heating of the Earths surface. ... Volume, also called capacity, is a quantification of how much space an object occupies. ... In physics, heat is defined as energy in transit. ... For other uses, see Snow (disambiguation). ... Rain falling For other uses see Rain (disambiguation). ...


Geology

Main article: Geology of the Alps

The Alps arose as a result of the pressure exerted on sediments of the Tethys Ocean basin as its Mesozoic and early Cenozoic strata were pushed against the stable Eurasian landmass by the northward-moving African landmass. Most of this occurred during the Oligocene and Miocene epochs. The pressure formed great recumbent folds, or nappes, that rose out of what had become the Tethys Sea and pushed northward, often breaking and sliding one over the other to form gigantic thrust faults. crystalline rocks, which are exposed in the higher central regions, are the rocks forming Mont Blanc, the Matterhorn, and high peaks in the Pennine Alps and Hohe Tauern. The Alps arose as a result of the pressure exerted on sediments of the Tethys Ocean basin as its Mesozoic and early Cenozoic strata were pushed against the stable Eurasian landmass by the northward-moving African landmass. ... Sediment is any particulate matter that can be transported by fluid flow and which eventually is deposited as a layer of solid particles on the bed or bottom of a body of water or other liquid. ... Tethys Ocean divides Pangea into two supercontinents, Laurasia and Gondwana The Tethys Ocean was an ocean that existed between the continents of Gondwana and Laurasia before the opening of the Atlantic Ocean. ... The Mesozoic is one of three geologic eras of the Phanerozoic eon. ... The Cenozoic Era (sen-oh-ZOH-ik; sometimes Caenozoic Era in the United Kingdom) meaning new life (Greek kainos = new + zoe = life) is the most recent of the three classic geological eras. ... Goldenville Strata exposed at a quarry in Bedford, Canada. ... Eurasia African-Eurasian aspect of Earth Eurasia is the landmass composed of Europe and Asia. ... For other uses, see Africa (disambiguation). ... The Oligocene epoch is a geologic period of time that extends from about 34 million to 23 million years before the present. ... The Miocene epoch is a period of time that extends from about 23 to 5. ... The Tethys Sea was a shallow inland body of water that existed between Laurasia and Gondwana, the geological ancestor of the modern Black, Caspian and Aral Seas. ... Old fault exposed by roadcut near Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. ... In geology, the terms basement and crystalline basement are used to define the rocks below a sedimentary basin, or more generally any rock below sedimentary rocks or sedimentary basins that are metamorphic or igneous in origin. ... This article is about the Alpine mountain. ... The Matterhorn (French: Mont Cervin or Le Cervin, Italian: Monte Cervino) is perhaps the most familiar mountain in the European Alps. ...


The landscape seen today is mostly formed by glaciation during the past two million years. At least five ice ages have done much to change the region, scooping out the lakes and rounding off the limestone hills along the northern border. Glaciers have been retreating during the past 10,000 years, leaving large granite erratics scattered in the forests in the region. As the last ice age ended, it is believed that the climate changed so rapidly that the glaciers retreated back into the mountains in a span of about 200 to 300 years. Photograph of a landscape A landscape comprises the visible features of an area of land, including physical elements such as landforms, living elements of flora and fauna, abstract elements such as lighting and weather conditions, and human elements, for instance human activity or the built environment. ... A glaciation (a created composite term meaning Glacial Period, referring to the Period or Era of, as well as the process of High Glacial Activity), often called an ice age, is a geological phenomenon in which massive ice sheets form in the Arctic and Antarctic and advance toward the equator. ... Variations in CO2, temperature and dust from the Vostok ice core over the last 400 000 years For the animated movie, see Ice Age (movie). ... Austrias longest glacier, the Pasterze, winds its 8 km (5 mile) route at the foot of Austrias highest mountain, the Grossglockner A glacier is a large, long-lasting river of ice that is formed on land and moves in response to gravity. ... Look up erratic in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Political history

Main article: History of the Alps

Little is known of the early dwellers in the Alps, save from the scanty accounts preserved by Roman and Greek historians and geographers. A few details have come down to us of the conquest of many of the Alpine tribes by Augustus. Little is known of the early dwellers in the Alps, save from the scanty accounts preserved by Roman and Greek historians and geographers. ... The Roman Forum was the central area around which ancient Rome developed. ... A historian is a person who studies history. ... A geographer is a crazy psycho whose area of study is geocrap, the pseudoscientific study of Earths physical environment and human habitat and the study of boring students to death. ... Augustus (Latin: IMPERATOR CAESAR DIVI FILIVS AVGVSTVS;[1] September 23, 63 BC – August 19, AD 14), known as Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus (in English Octavian) for the period of his life prior to 27 BC, was the first and among the most important of the Roman Emperors. ...


The successive emigration and occupation of the Alpine region by various Teutonic tribes from the 5th to the 6th centuries are known only in outline, because to them, as to the Frankish kings and emperors, the Alps offered a route to other places rather than a permanent residence. Thor, pagan Germanic sky god. ... Europe in 450 The 5th century is the period from 401 - 500 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Christian Era. ... This Buddhist stela from China, Northern Wei period, was built in the early 6th century. ... Statue of Charlemagne (also called Karl der Große, Charles the Great) in Frankfurt, Germany. ...


It is not until the final breakup of the Carolingian Empire in the 10th and 11th centuries that it becomes possible to trace out the local history of the Alps. Map of Carolingian Empire The term Carolingian Empire is sometimes used to refer to the realm of the Franks under the dynasty of the Carolingians. ... As a means of recording the passage of time, the 10th century was that century which lasted from 901 to 1000. ... As a means of recording the passage of time, the 11th century was that century which lasted from 1001 to 1100. ...


Exploration

The higher regions of the Alps were long left to the exclusive attention of the people of the adjoining valleys, even when Alpine travellers (as distinguished from Alpine climbers) began to visit these valleys. The two men who first explored the regions of ice and snow were H.B. de Saussure (1740-1799) in the Pennine Alps, and the Benedictine monk of Disentis, Placidus a Spescha (1752-1833), most of whose ascents were made before 1806, in the valleys at the sources of the Rhine. The higher region of the Alps were long left to the exclusive attention of the men of the adjoining valleys, even when Alpine travellers (as distinguished from Alpine climbers) began to visit these valleys. ... The Pennine Alps are a mountain range in the western part of the Alps. ... Disentis (German)) or Mustér (Romansh), with its official name Disentis/Mustér is a community of the district Surselva in the Northwest of Canton Grisons in Switzerland. ... Loreley At 1,320 kilometres (820 miles) and an average discharge of more than 2,000 cubic meters per second, the Rhine (Dutch Rijn, French Rhin, German Rhein, Italian: Reno, Romansch: Rein, ) is one of the longest and most important rivers in Europe. ...


Flora

A natural vegetation limit with altitude is given by the presence of the chief deciduous treesoak, beech, ash and sycamore maple. These do not reach exactly to the same elevation, nor are they often found growing together; but their upper limit corresponds accurately enough to the change from a temperate to a colder climate that is further proved by a change in the wild herbaceous vegetation. This limit usually lies about 1200 m above the sea on the north side of the Alps, but on the southern slopes it often rises to 1500 m, sometimes even to 1700 m. Deciduous means temporary or tending to fall off (deriving from the Latin word decidere, to fall off). ... The coniferous Coast Redwood, the tallest tree species on earth. ... Species See List of Quercus species The term oak can be used as part of the common name of any of several hundred species of trees and shrubs in the genus Quercus, and some related genera, notably Cyclobalanopsis and Lithocarpus. ... Species Fagus crenata - Japanese Beech Fagus engleriana - Chinese Beech Fagus grandifolia - American Beech Fagus hayatae - Taiwan Beech Fagus japonica - Japanese Blue Beech Fagus longipetiolata - South Chinese Beech Fagus lucida - Shining Beech Fagus mexicana - Mexican Beech or Haya Fagus orientalis - Oriental Beech Fagus sylvatica - European Beech Beech (Fagus) is a genus... Species Many, see text. ... Binomial name Acer pseudoplatanus L. The Sycamore or Sycamore Maple (Acer pseudoplatanus) is one of the commonest maples in Europe, native to central Europe from France east to Poland, and south (in mountains) to northernmost Spain and Turkey. ... Herbs: basil Herbs (IPA: hə(ɹ)b, or əɹb; see pronunciation differences) are plants grown for culinary, medicinal, or in some cases even spiritual value. ...


It must not be supposed that this region is always marked by the presence of the characteristic trees. The interference of man has in many districts almost removed them, and, excepting the beech forests of the Austrian Alps, a considerable wood of deciduous trees is rare. In many districts where such woods once existed, their place has been occupied by the Scots pine and Norway spruce, which suffer less from the ravages of goats, the worst enemies of tree vegetation. The mean annual temperature of this region differs little from that of the British Islands; but the climate conditions are widely different. Here snow usually lies for several months, till it gives place to a spring and summer considerably warmer than the average of British seasons. Binomial name Pinus sylvestris L. The Scots Pine (Pinus sylvestris; family Pinaceae) is a common tree ranging from Great Britain and Spain east to eastern Siberia and the Caucasus Mountains, and as far north as Lapland. ... Binomial name Picea abies (L.) H. Karst. ... Under the Interpretation Act 1978 of the United Kingdom, the term British Islands refers to the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, together with the Crown Dependencies: the Bailiwicks of Jersey and of Guernsey (which in turn includes the smaller islands of Alderney, Herm and Sark) in the...


Above the forestry, there is often a band of short pine trees (Pinus mugo), which is in turn superseded by dwarf shrubs, typically Rhododendron ferrugineum (on acid soils) or Rhododendron hirsutum (on basic soils). Above this is the alpine meadow, and even higher, the vegetation becomes more and more sparse. At these higher altitudes, the plants tend to form isolated cushions. In the Alps, several species of flowering plants have been recorded above 4,000 m, including Ranunculus glacialis, Androsace alpina and Saxifraga biflora. Binomial name Pinus mugo Mountain Pine or Mugo Pine (Pinus mugo) is a high altitude European pine, found in the Pyrenees, Alps, Erzgebirge, Carpathians, northern Appennines and Balkan Peninsula mountains from (mostly) 1,000m to 2,200m, occasionally as low as 200m in the north of the range in Germany... A broom shrub in flower A shrub or bush is a horticultural rather than strictly botanical category of woody plant, distinguished from a tree by its multiple stems and lower height, usually less than 6 m tall. ... Binomial name Rhododendron ferrugineum L. Rhododendron ferrugineum (sometimes called alpenrose, snow-rose, or rusty-leaved alpenrose) is an evergreen shrub that grows just above the treeline in the Alps, Pyrenees, Jura and northern Apennines, on acid soils. ... An Alpine Meadow is a high-altitude grassland located in an alpine climate, above the treeline of a mountain. ... Binomial name Ranunculus glacialis Glacier Crowfoot (Ranunculus glacialis) is a plant of the family Ranunculaceae. ... Binomial name Androsace alpina (L.) Lam. ...

Fauna

Species common to the Alps. These are most numerously found in the 15% of the Alps protected in parks and reserves. This is a list of national parks in the Alps. ...

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1222x807, 807 KB) en: Description: Parnassius pheobus de: Beschreibung: de:Alpenapollo (Parnassius pheobus) Source: picture taken by Geiserich77 in Leibnitztal/St. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Salamandra_atra. ... Binomial name Salamandra atra Laurenti, 1768 The Alpine salamander (Salamandra atra) is a shiny black salamander. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Plochacz_3001xx. ... Binomial name Prunella collaris (Scopoli, 1769) The Alpine Accentor, Prunella collaris, is a small passerine bird found throughout the mountains of southern temperate Europe and Asia at heights above 2000m. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 628 KB) Pyrrhocorax graculus Photo by Pethan, Switzerland 2004 File links The following pages link to this file: Alps Alpine Chough ... Binomial name Pyrrhocorax graculus (Linnaeus, 1766) The Alpine Chough (Pyrrhocorax graculus), also called Yellow-billed Chough (pronounced ) is a Eurasian member of the crow family, Corvidae. ... Image File history File links Auerhahn_mg-k. ... This article is about the bird. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1102x1494, 92 KB) Skildring Copied from de. ... Binomial name Aquila chrysaetos Linnaeus, 1758 The Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos) is one of the best known birds of prey in the Northern Hemisphere. ... Image File history File links larger version File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Binomial name Lagopus mutus (Montin, 1781) The Ptarmigan (Lagopus mutus) is a small (31-35 cm) bird in the grouse family. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (512x768, 272 KB)Boreal Owl -- Amherst Island (Ontario, Canada) -- 2005 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Binomial name Aegolius funereus (Linnaeus, 1758) The Tengmalms Owl, Aegolius funereus, is a small owl. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (614x922, 147 KB) Alpine Ibex Photo taken by Ferkelparade and hereby released under the GFDL File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Binomial name Capra ibex Linnaeus, 1758 The Alpine Ibex or Capra Ibex (is commonly called by its German name, steinbock) is the species of Ibex that lives in the European Alps. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (801x599, 143 KB) Marmota marmota fr: Marmotte alpine photographiée dans les Alpes françaises (Parc naturel régional du Queyras) en Août 2004 par. ... Binomial name Marmota marmota (Linnaeus, 1758) The Alpine Marmot (Marmota marmota) is a species of marmot found in mountainous areas of central and southern Europe. ... Image File history File links Chamois_Kleinwalsertal_1997. ... Binomial name Rupicapra rupicapra (Linnaeus, 1758) The chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra) is a large, goat-like animal that lives in the European Alps and Carpathians. ... Download high resolution version (800x814, 96 KB)Arctic hare, public domain image from US Fish and Wildlife Service File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... {{Taxobox | color = pink | name = Mountain Hare | status = Conservation status: Lower risk (lc) | image_width = 250px | regnum = Animalia | phylum = Chordata | classis = Mammalia | ordo = Lagomorpha | familia = Leporidae | genus = Lepus | species = L. timidus | binomial = Lepus timidus | binomial_authority = Linnaeus, The Mountain Hare (Lepus timidus) is a hare, which is largely adapted to polar and Italic...

See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Category:Alps

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Wikimedia Commons logo by Reid Beels The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... Procession in Klagenfurt The eastern and central Alpine region is rich in traditions dating back to pagan times, the pre-Christian Germanic (1st millennium), or even the Celtic (1st millennium BC) period. ... Mountaineering is an umbrella term that can variously be used to describe the actions of climbing, hillwalking and scrambling. ... Almabtrieb in Kufstein, Austria The Almabtrieb (German language literally: drive from the mountain pasture) is an annual event in the alpine regions in Europe, referring to a cow train in autumn. ... This is a list of national parks in the Alps. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Alps - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1445 words)
The border between the Central Alps and the Southern Limestone Alps is the Periadriatic Seam.
The Northern Limestone Alps are separated from the Central Eastern Alps by the Grauwacken Zone.
The Alps arose as a result of the pressure exerted on sediments of the Tethys Ocean basin as its Mesozoic and early Cenozoic strata were pushed against the stable Eurasian landmass by the northward-moving African landmass.
Alps: Definition and Much More from Answers.com (2379 words)
Geologically, the Alps were formed during the Oligocene and Miocene epochs as a result of the pressure exerted on the Tethyan geosyncline as its Mesozoic and Cenozoic strata were squeezed against the stable Eurasian landmass by the northward-moving African landmass.
The principal peaks of the Central Alps are Monte Rosa, the Matterhorn, the Finsteraarhorn, the Jungfrau, and the Wildspitze; the chief routes are the Simplon Tunnel and the St. Gotthard, Grimsel, Furka, Splügen, Bernina, and Brenner passes.
The E Alps comprise, in the south, the Dolomites, the Carnic Alps, and the Julian Alps; and, in the north, the Hohe Tauern and Niedere Tauern; the principal eastern peak is Grossglockner.
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