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Encyclopedia > István Széchenyi
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"Portrait of Count István Széchenyi" by Friedrich von Amerling

Gróf Széchenyi István (Count Stephen Széchenyi) (September 21, 1791, Vienna, Austria-HungaryApril 8, 1860 Döbling), known as "The Greatest Hungarian", was a Hungarian politician and writer, one of the founding fathers of "New Hungary" after the revolution of 1848. September 21 is the 264th day of the year (265th in leap years). ... Events January 25 - The British Parliament passes the Constitutional Act of 1791, splitting the old province of Quebec into Upper and Lower Canada March 3 - The U.S. Congress passes a resolution calling for the establishment of the United States Mint (U.S. Mint not created until next year). ... This article is about the city and federal state in Austria. ... Austria-Hungary, also known as the Dual monarchy (or: the k. ... April 8 is the 98th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (99th in leap years). ... 1860 is the leap year starting on Sunday. ... The Republic of Hungary (Magyar Köztársaság) or Hungary (Magyarország) is a landlocked country in Central Europe, bordered by Austria, Slovakia, Ukraine, Romania, Serbia, Croatia and Slovenia. ... 1848 is a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ...


His father, Ferenc Széchényi, was the founder of the Hungarian National Museum, and his mother was Countess Juliána Festetics, (daughter of Pál Festetics), who married Ferenc Széchényi with papal permission after the death of her first husband, József Széchényi (brother of Ferenc) on 17 August 1777. They had two daughters and three sons, of whom István was the youngest. The Pope is the Catholic Bishop and patriarch of Rome, and head of the Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Catholic Churches. ... August 17 is the 229th day of the year (230th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events The Cornish language died out 2nd edition of Encyclopædia Britannica published January 3 - American general George Washington defeats British general Charles Cornwallis at the Battle of Princeton. ...


Although their home was in Austria, the family brought up the children to speak the Hungarian language. István finished school with excellent results. He joined the army with his brothers to protect the country from the Napoleonic danger, and won high rank and many medals for bravery when he left the army in 1826. The Hungarian language is a Finno-Ugric language spoken in Hungary and in adjacent areas of Romania, Slovakia, Ukraine, Serbia, Croatia, Austria, Slovenia (all territories lost after World War I). ...


He travelled extensively while in the army: he visited most of the European cities - from Britain to Italy - and visited Transylvanian and Hungarian villages (where he met (Felsőbüki) Pál Nagy and Count Miklós Wesselényi). He became interested in the art and archeology of Greece and Western Asia.


He founded the sport of horse racing in Hungary when he met King Francis I in 1822. He was researching horse breeding in many European countries while travelling, and he wrote his book Lovakrul (About Horses). Horse-racing is an equestrian sporting activity which has been practiced over the centuries; the chariot races of Roman times were an early example, as was the contest of the steeds of the god Odin and the giant Hrungnir in Norse mythology. ... Francis II Francis I Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor, who may also be referred to as Francis von Habsburg or Emperor Franz I of Austria (February 12, 1768 - March 2, 1835) was the last Holy Roman Emperor, ruling from 1792 until August 6, 1806, when the Empire was disbanded. ... 1822 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ...


In the national assembly of 1825, he offered a year's income from his lands to found the Hungarian Academy of Sciences (which still acts as a central scientific organisation in several fields), and the charter of the Academy was signed by the king on 18 August 1827. 1825 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... The Hungarian Academy of Sciences (in short: HAS, in Hungarian: Magyar Tudományos Akadémia) was founded in 1825, when Count István Széchenyi offered one years income of his estate for the purposes of a Learned Society at a district session of the Diet in Bratislava (seat... August 18 is the 230th day of the year (231st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1827 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ...


He used literature to share his views on the economical and social problems. His first book (About horses) mentioned the reasons behind the lack of horse breeding, and economical problems connected to it; other books of his among other ones were Hitel (Credit, 1830), Világ (Light, 1831), which drafted his economical and social views on a great scale (for example he urged the two cities Buda and Pest to join to support central economic leadership). He supported theatres in many minor writings. In 1833 he published Stádium (Status) in which he voiced his strong views on how economy should work and its basis. 1830 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1831 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Buda is the western part of Budapest on the bank of the Danube. ... Pest (in Slovak Pešť, pron. ...


One of his dreams was to use the river Danube as an universal commercial route, and he travelled throughout the river and supported the works to clear the rocky parts which obstructed ship travel. He was a supporter of the steam boat idea, and pushed their use. In the late 1830s he worked on the clearing of Danube, the founding and regulation of horse racing and the Lánchíd (Chain Bridge, which was later named Széchenyi Lánchíd after him). Danube in Budapest Length 2,888 ¹ km Elevation of the source 1,078 ² m Average discharge 30 km. ...


He married Countess Crescence Seilern after the death of her husband Count Károly Zichy in 1836. 1836 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...


His relations with Lajos Kossuth were not good: he always thought Kossuth was a political agitator. Half of the country sympathised with him, and the other half with Kossuth. After the 1848 revolution he was convinced of the opportunity of achieving greater development of Hungary so he agreed to be the head of the Ministry of Transport and Social Affairs. Lajos (Louis) Kossuth (September 19, 1802 - March 20, 1894), was a Hungarian lawyer, journalist, politician and for a time was regent. ...


The failure of the revolution caused a mental breakdown, and his doctor ordered him to the Goergen Asylum of Döbling. Due to the loving care of his wife he regained his mental power, and wrote Önismeret (Self knowledge) about children, education and pedagogy. Even more important was his work, Ein Blick (One Look / "hey, just a minute" dual meaning) about the deep political problems of Hungary in the beginning of the 1850s.


His house was searched by the Viennese Police on March 3, 1860, and they used his letters as evidence of political conspiracy. They told him that the asylum would not be a protection for him any more. The fear of execution, the sadness about the death of his late friend Sámuel Jósika and the worrying political era made him to commit suicide on the night of April 8, 1860. All Hungary mourned his death. The Academy was in official mourning, along with the most prominent persons of the leading political and cultural associations (count József Eötvös, János Arany, Károly Szász). His statue in Budapest was unveiled on May 23, 1880, and in Sopron in the same year. March 3 is the 62nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (63rd in leap years). ... 1860 is the leap year starting on Sunday. ... Suicide (from Latin sui caedere, to kill oneself) is the act of intentionally ending ones own life. ... April 8 is the 98th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (99th in leap years). ... 1860 is the leap year starting on Sunday. ... Budapest (pronounced BOO-dah-pesht, IPA ), the capital city of Hungary and the countrys principal political, industrial, commercial and transportation centre, has more than 1. ... May 23 is the 143rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (144th in leap years). ... 1880 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Sopron is the name of a town in Hungary. ...


 
 

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