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Encyclopedia > Isthmus of Tehuantepec

The Isthmus of Tehuantepec is an isthmus in Mexico. It represents the shortest distance between the Gulf of Mexico and the Pacific Ocean. Description: Shaded relief map of Mexicos Isthmus of Tehuantepec Caption: The Isthmus of Tehuantepec is the narrowest part of Mexico between the Atlantic (Gulf of Mexico) and the Pacific oceans. ... Simplified diagram An isthmus is a narrow strip of land, bordered on two sides by water, and connects two larger land masses. ... The Gulf of Mexico is a major body of water bordered and nearly landlocked by North America. ...

The name comes from the town of Tehuantepec (formally, "Santo Domingo Tehuantepec") in Oaxaca state, which in turn comes from the Nahuatl tecuani-tepec, meaning "jaguar hill". Tehuantepec is a town in Mexico. ... Oaxaca is the name of a city and a state in Mexico. ... Nahuatl is a native language of central Mexico. ... Binomial name Panthera onca (Linnaeus, 1758) The jaguar (Panthera onca) is a large member of the cat family native to South and Central America. ... For the landform that extends above the surrounding terrain and that is smaller than a mountain, see the article on mountain. ...

The Mexican states of Tabasco and Chiapas stand on the east of the isthmus, with Veracruz and Oaxaca on the west. It includes that part of Mexico lying between the 94th and 96th meridians of West longitude, or the south-eastern parts of Veracruz and Oaxaca, with perhaps small districts of Chiapas and Tabasco. It is 200 km (125 miles) across at its narrowest part from gulf to gulf, or 92 km (120 miles) to the head of Laguna Superior on the Pacific coast. The Sierra Madre breaks down at this point into a broad, plateau-like ridge, whose elevation, at the highest point reached by the Tehuantepec railway (Chivela Pass) is 735 ft. The northern side of the isthmus is swampy and densely covered with jungle, which has been a greater obstacle to railway construction than the grades in crossing the sierra. The whole region is hot and malarial, except the open elevations where the winds from the Pacific render it comparatively cool and healthful. The annual rainfall on the Atlantic or northern slope is 156 in. (Enock) and the maximum temperature about 95 F. in the shade. The Pacific slope has a light rainfall and dryer climate. The United Mexican States or Mexico (Estados Unidos Mexicanos or México) is a federal republic made up of 31 states (estados) and one Federal District, (Distrito Federal), which contains the capital, Mexico City. ... This article refers to Tabasco state; for the condiment see Tabasco sauce Other Mexican States Capital Villahermosa Other major cities List of municipalities Area 25,267 km² Ranked 24th Population (2000 census) 1,889,370 Ranked 20th Governor (2001-07) Manuel Andrade Díaz (PRI) Federal Deputies (6) PRI = 6... Chiapas is a state in the southeast of Mexico. ... Simplified diagram An isthmus is a narrow strip of land, bordered on two sides by water, and connects two larger land masses. ... Veracruz is the name of both a state in Mexico and that states largest city. ... The Mexican state of Oaxaca is in the south west of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec. ... Meridian is: Meridian (astronomy): an imaginary circle perpendicular to the horizon. ... Map of Earth showing curved lines of longitude Longitude, sometimes denoted λ, describes the location of a place on Earth east or west of a north-south line called the Prime Meridian. ... This is a list of mountain ranges organized alphabetically by continent. ... For alternate uses of the term, see Plateau (disambiguation). ... A freshwater swamp swamp (disambiguation) A swamp is a wetland that features permanent inundation of large areas of land by shallow bodies of water, generally with a substantial number of hummocks, or dry-land protrusions. ... Jungle refers usually to a forest. ... Red blood cell infected with Malaria (Italian: bad air; formerly called ague or marsh fever in English) is an infectious disease which in humans causes about 350-500 million infections and over 1 million deaths annually, mainly in the tropics. ... The Atlantic Ocean is Earths second-largest ocean, covering approximately one-fifth of its surface. ... For other meanings of Pacific, see Pacific (disambiguation). ...


North America

The southern edge of North America, if North America is defined as it's tectonic plate, lies in the isthmus (this definition would exclude California west of the San Andreas fault, while including areas of eastern Siberia, such as Kamchatka), and not at the Isthmus of Panama. World map showing location of North America A satellite composite image of North America North America is a continent in the northern hemisphere, bounded on the north by the Arctic Ocean, on the east by the North Atlantic Ocean, on the south by the Caribbean Sea, and on the west... The Isthmus of Panama is the narrow strip of land between the Caribbean Sea and Pacific Ocean which links North America and South America. ...

Proposed canal

Since the days of Hernán Cortés, the Tehuantepec isthmus has been considered a favorable route, first for an interoceanic canal, and since the 19th century for an interoceanic railway. Its proximity to the axis of international trade gives it some advantage over the Panama route; the Panama route, however, is significantly narrower. See also: Panama Canal, Nicaragua Canal. Hernán Cortés Hernán Cortés, marqués del Valle de Oaxaca (1485–December 2, 1547) (who was known as Hernando or Fernando Cortés during his lifetime and signed all his letters Fernán Cortés) was the conquistador who conquered Mexico for Spain. ... The Canal du Midi in Toulouse, France Canals are man-made waterways, usually connecting existing lakes, rivers, or oceans. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Panama Canal The Panama Canal is a large canal, 82 kilometres (51 miles) long, that cuts through the isthmus of Panama, connecting the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. ... Panoramic View of proposed Canal, 1899. ...


When the great cost of a canal across the isthmus compelled engineers and capitalists to give it up as impracticable, James B. Eads proposed to construct a quadruple track ship-railway, and the scheme received serious attention for some time. Then came projects for an ordinary railway, and several concessions were granted by the Mexican government for this purpose from 1857 to 1882. In the last-named year the Mexican government resolved to undertake the enterprise on its own account, and entered into contracts with a prominent Mexican contractor for the work. In 1888 this contract was rescinded, after 108 km (67 mi) of road had been completed. The next contract was fruitless because of the death of the contractor, and the third failed to complete the work within the sum specified (2,700,000). This was in 1893, and 60 km (37 mi) remained to be built. A fourth contract resulted in the completion of the line from coast to coast in 1894, when it was found that the terminal ports were deficient in facilities and the road too light for heavy traffic. The government then entered into a contract with the London firm of contractors of S. Pearson & Son, Ltd., who had constructed the drainage works of the valley of Mexico and the new port works of Veracruz, to rebuild the line and construct terminal ports at Coatzacoalcos on the Gulf coast, and at Salina Cruz on the Pacific side. The work was done for account of the Mexican government. Work began on 10 December 1899, and was finished to a point where its formal opening for traffic was possible in January 1907. An engineer is someone who practices the engineering profession; a professional practitioner of engineering; someone who uses scientific knowledge to solve practical problems and produce goods for society. ... In economics, a capitalist is someone who owns capital, presumably within the economic system of capitalism. ... James B. Eads (23 May 1820–8 March 1887) was a United States engineer and inventor. ... 1857 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1882 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... A contractor is in a legal sense one who enters into a binding agreement to perform a certain service or provide a certain product in exchange for valuable consideration, monetary, goods,services, even barter arrangements. ... 1888 is a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar). ... 1893 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1894 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Seaport, a painting by Claude Lorrain, 1638 A port is a facility at the edge of an ocean, river, or lake for receiving ships and transferring cargo and persons to them. ... Veracruz from space, July 1997 The city of Veracruz is a major port city on the Gulf of Mexico in the Mexican state of Veracruz. ... Coatzacoalcos is a major port city in the southern part of the Mexican state of Veracruz, on the Coatzacoalcos River. ... The Gulf of Mexico is a major body of water bordered and nearly landlocked by North America. ... Salina Cruz is a major seaport in the state of Oaxaca, Mexico. ... For other meanings of Pacific, see Pacific (disambiguation). ... December 10 is the 344th day (345th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1899 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... In many parts of the world traffic is generally organized, flowing in lanes of travel for a particular direction, with interchanges, traffic signals, or signage at intersectons to facilitate the orderly and timely flow of traffic. ... 1907 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ...

The railway is 308 km (192 mi) long, with a branch of 29 km (18 mi) between Juile and San Juan Evangelista. The minimum depth at low water in both ports is 33 ft., and an extensive system of quays and railway tracks at both terminals affords ample facilities for the expeditious handling of heavy cargoes. The general offices, shops, hospital, &c., are located at Rincón Antonio, at the entrance to the Chivela Pass, where the temperature is cool and healthful conditions prevail. At Santa Lucrecia, 175 km (109 mi) from Salina Cruz, connection is made with the Veracruz & Pacific railway (a government line), 343 km (213 mi) to Córdoba, Veracruz, and 500 km (311 mi) to Mexico City. Cargo is a term used to denotes goods or produce being transported generally for commercial gain, usually on a ship, plane, train or lorry. ... An office is a room or other area in which people work, but may also denote a position within an organisation with specific duties attached to it (see officer, office-holder, official); the latter is in fact an earlier usage, office as place originally referring to the location of one... A Shop is an enclosed location where a specific activity is carried out. ... A physician visiting the sick in a hospital. ... Córdoba (founded in 1617) is a city in Veracruz, central Mexico. ... Mexico City (Spanish: Ciudad de México) is the name of a megacity located in the Valley of Mexico (Valle de México), a large valley in the high plateaus (altiplano) at the center of Mexico, about 2,240 metres (7,349 feet) above sea-level, surrounded on most sides...

This article incorporates text from the public domain 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica. The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ... The Eleventh Edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica (1911) in many ways represents the sum of knowledge at the beginning of the 20th century. ...

External Links

  Results from FactBites:
Tehuantepec, Oaxaca, Mexico (339 words)
Tehuantepec is a town of beautiful, stately and strong, local women (Tehuanas) of Zapotec extraction, and is known for its elaborate hand-embroidered traditional dresses, ceramics, gold jewelry.
Tehuantepec's churches provide a striking change from those of central Mexico - painted white with colorful trims in brilliant blue, bright pink, deep yellow, their colorful spires give the skyline a particularly joyful configuration.
Around the 10th of May, in the city of Oaxaca itself, is the yearly "Isthmus Gathering" or “Vela Ismeña”, a week of public celebrations and cultural events by and for those people who are from the isthmus of Tehuantepec.
  More results at FactBites »



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