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Encyclopedia > Israeli judicial system
Israel

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Israel
Image File history File links Please see the file description page for further information. ... The law of Israel is a mixed system of common law and civil law. ... Image File history File links COA_of_Israel. ... Politics of Israel takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the Prime Minister of Israel is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. ...



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The Israeli judicial system (or judicial branch) in Israel, is an independent branch of the government which includes both secular and religious courts. The Basic Laws of Israel are a key component of Israels uncodified constitution. The State of Israel has no formal constitution. ... The Jerusalem Law is a common name of Basic Law: Jerusalem, Capital of Israel passed by the Israeli Knesset on July 30, 1980 (17th Av, 5740). ... The Law of Return (Hebrew: חוק השבות, hok ha-shvut) is Israeli legislation that allows Jews and those with Jewish parents or grandparents, and spouses of the aforementioned, to settle in Israel and gain citizenship. ... The President of the State of Israel (‎, Nesi HaMedina, lit. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... The Prime Minister of Israel (Hebrew: ראש הממשלה, Rosh HaMemshala, lit. ... Ehud Olmert (IPA ; Hebrew:אהוד אולמרט; born September 30, 1945) is the 12th and current Prime Minister of Israel. ... The Cabinet of Israel is a formal body comprised of government officials chosen and led by a Prime Minister. ... Israel The power of the Knesset to supervise and review government policies and operations is exercised mainly through the state controller, also known as the ombudsman or ombudswoman (Hebrew: מבקר המדינה Mevaker HaMedina. ... The modern Knesset building, Israels parliament, in Jerusalem Though similar-sounding, Beit Knesset (בית כנסת) literally means House of Assembly, and refers to a synagogue. ... List of Speakers of the Knesset, the Israeli parliament: Joseph Shprinzak (Mapai) 1949-59 Nahum Nir (Ahdut Haavodah) 1959 Kadish Luz (Mapai, Alignment)1959-69 Reuven Barkat (Alignment) 1969-72 Yisrael Yeshayahu-Sharabi (Alignment) 1972-77 Yitzhak Shamir (Likud) 1977-80 Yitzhak Berman (Likud) 1980-81 Menachem... Dalia Itzik (Hebrew: ‎; born October 20, 1952) is the current speaker of the Israeli Knesset and Acting President of Israel. ... // (Blue = coalition parties, red = opposition parties) 1This title, called in Hebrew ממלא מקום ראש הממשלה (Memale Mekom Rosh HaMemshala, lit. ... Elections in Israel gives information on election and election results in Israel. ... Elections for the 16th Knesset were held in Israel on 28 January 2003. ... The Elections for the 17th Knesset were held in Israel on 28 March 2006. ... Political parties in Israel: Israels political system is based on proportional representation which allows for a multi-party system with numerous parties, in which a single party usually has no chance of gaining power by itself, forcing the parties to cooperate and form coalition governments. ... Knesset Elections Law is crucial legal document governing the process of elections in the Israeli federal parliament or the Knesset. ... The Israeli Central Elections Committee is the body charged under the Knesset Elections Law of 1969 to carry out the elections for the upcoming Knesset. ... The Supreme Court (Hebrew: בית המשפט העליון, Beit Hamishpat Haelyon ) is at the head of the court system in the State of Israel. ... The Attorney General of Israel (Hebrew: , HaYoetz HaMishpati LaMemshala, lit. ... Menachem Mazuz (Hebrew: מנחם מזוז) (born 1955) is an Israeli jurist, who currently serves as Israels Attorney General. ... Map of the districts of Israel There are six main administrative districts of Israel, known in Hebrew as mehozot (מחוזות; singular: mahoz) and fifteen sub-districts known as nafot (נפות; singular: nafa). ... The Israeli Ministry of Interior recognizes three types of local government in Israel: cities, regional councils, and local councils. ... The system of Local government in Israel, also known as local authority (‎), is the set of bodies charged with providing services such as urban planning, zoning, and the provision of drinking water and emergency services, as well as education and culture, as per guidelines of the Interior Ministry. ... A City council (‎) is the official designation of a city within Israels system of local government. ... In Israel, a local council is a locality similar to a city in structure and way of life, that has not yet achieved a status of a city, which requires a minimum number of residents, among other things. ... The State of Israel joined the United Nations on May 11, 1949. ... Israel and the United Nations have had mixed relations since Israels founding on May 14, 1948. ... The accession of Israel to the European Union refers to a possible future development in the EU-Israel relations. ... // Current ambassadors from Israel to international organizations Current consuls general from Israel: Other senior diplomatic representatives from Israel Well-known past ambassadors from Israel ^ The ambassador to Angola also serves as Israels non-resident Ambassador to Mozambique and São Tomé and Príncipe. ... Israel, with the West Bank, Gaza Strip and Golan Heights The Israeli-Palestinian conflict, which is often claimed to be at the heart of the Arab-Israeli conflict, is an ongoing dispute between two peoples, Jewish Israelis and Arab Palestinians, who both claim the right to sovereignty over the Land... Combatants Arab nations Israel Arab-Israeli conflict series History of the Arab-Israeli conflict Views of the Arab-Israeli conflict International law and the Arab-Israeli conflict Arab-Israeli conflict facts, figures, and statistics Participants Israeli-Palestinian conflict · Israel-Lebanon conflict · Arab League · Soviet Union / Russia · Israel and the United... Arguments about the applicability of various elements of international law underlie the debate around the Arab-Israeli conflict. ... From the time it was established in March 1945, the Arab League took an active role in the Arab-Israeli conflict. ... Information on politics by country is available for every country, including both de jure and de facto independent states, inhabited dependent territories, as well as areas of special sovereignty. ... A beth din (בית דין, Hebrew: house of judgment, plural battei din) is a rabbinical court of Judaism. ...

Contents

Secular courts

Israeli secular courts consist of a three-tier system:


Magistrate courts

also called "Peace Courts". The Magistrate Courts in Israel serve as the courts of first instance up to a ceratin ceiling of a few Million Shekels.


Small Claims Courts

Adjacent to any Magistrate Court, is a Court of Small Claims, for claims up to approximately 18,000 Shekels or $4,500. These Courts do not follow standard evidenciary rules, however they require extensive pleadings and documentation upon filing of a formally written complaint. Verdicts are expected seven days from trial.


Traffic Courts

District courts in Israel

The District Courts in Israel serve both as as the appellate courts and also as the court of first instance for some cases (e.g. real estate or IP);


District Court for Administrative Matters

Adjacent to every District Court is the Court for Administrative Matters, where Petitions against Arms of the Government can be launched.


Labor Courts in Israel

Court of Admiralty

All matters have to do with admiralty, shipping commerce, accidents on sea and the like are brought to the Court of Admiralty in Haifa, with has exclusive Statewide jurisdiction.


Supreme Court

located in Jerusalem acts as a further appellate court, and as the High Court of Justice as a court of first instance, often in matters concerning the legality of decisions of state authorities. The Supreme Court (Hebrew: בית המשפט העליון, Beit Hamishpat Haelyon ) is at the head of the court system in the State of Israel. ... For other uses, see Jerusalem (disambiguation). ...


Jewish religious courts

See also: Religion in Israel
See also: Batei Din

As of 2005, the Jewish religious authorities are under control of the Prime Minister's Office and the Chief Rabbinate of Israel. These courts, whose dayanim ("judges") are elected by the Knesset, have jurisdiction in only five areas: Israel is the only country in which Judaism is the religion of the majority of citizens. ... For other uses, see Jew (disambiguation). ... The Prime Minister of Israel (Hebrew: ראש הממשלה, Rosh HaMemshala, lit. ... // Chief rabbi is a title given in several countries to the recognised religious leader of that countrys Jewish community. ... A Rabbi (Classical Hebrew רִבִּי ribbī; modern Ashkenazi and Israeli רַבִּי rabbī) is a religious Jewish scholar who is an expert in Jewish law. ... The modern Knesset building, Israels parliament, in Jerusalem Though similar-sounding, Beit Knesset (בית כנסת) literally means House of Assembly, and refers to a synagogue. ...

  1. Kashrut ("dietary laws" matters),
  2. Shabbat (the Jewish "Sabbath"),
  3. Jewish burial and
  4. marital issues (especially divorce). Divorce can only be obtained at the Rabbinical Batei Din, and there is no civil divorce, and there is no no-fault divorce in Israel. However, if a petition for ancillary matrimonial reliefs, such as custody, support or equitable distribution of property is filed with the Civil Courts before a case for divorce is opened at the Batei Din, then all other marital issues may also be taken by the secular Family Courts. Otherwise, if one spouse opens some sort of an action with the Batei Din, (including the ambigous demand for reconciliation), the Batei Din assume that all ancillary relief is aggregated into the main complaint, and the spouses may find themselves facing judicial deermination pursuant to ancient and antiquated Halakha, and not pursuant to the secular law. Thus, spouses may lose the equal protection and anti gender discrimination protections of the secular civil law.

5.Conversion to Judaism (mostly dealing with the Jewish status of immigrants.) Look up kosher in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article or section cites very few or no references or sources. ... // May you be comforted with all the mourners of Zion and Jerusalem Death and dying Everything that Jews do regarding death is for one of two reasons: respect for the dead (kavod ha-met) or to console those left behind (nihum avelim). ... Judaism considers marriage to be the ideal state of existence; a man without a wife, or a woman without a husband, are considered incomplete. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Get (divorce document). ... Halakha (Hebrew: הלכה; also transliterated as Halakhah, Halacha, Halakhot and Halachah with pronunciation emphasis on the third syllable, kha), is the collective corpus of Jewish religious law, including biblical law (the 613 mitzvot) and later talmudic and rabbinic law as well as customs and traditions. ... Ger tzedek (Hebrew: righteous proselyte or proselyte [of] righteousness) or Ger (stranger or proselyte) is a gentile (i. ...


Non-Jewish religious courts

The other major religions in Israel such as Islam and Christianity are supervised by their own official religious establishments (although the Muslim and Druze kaddis judges are also elected by the Knesset), which have similar jurisdiction over their followers, although Muslim religious courts have more control over family affairs. This is the maintenance of an agreement reached with the British Mandatory Authorities before the State of Israel's establishment in 1948. For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... Christianity percentage by country, purple is highest, orange is lowest Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Wycliffe Tyndale · Luther · Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch... Flag The approximate borders of the British Mandate circa 1922. ...


Military courts

The Military Court of Appeals is the highest judicial body in the Israeli military, which also includes the District and Special military tribunals. The Israeli Military Court of Appeals is the supreme military court of the Israel Defense Forces which judges over appeals to the district military tribunals: The Central and Air Force district. ... Emblem of the IDF The Israel Defense Forces are part of the Israeli Security Forces. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ...


Disciplinary Court of the Israel Bar

Jurisdiction of International Court of Justice Rejected

In December 1985, Israel informed the UN Secretariat that it would no longer accept compulsory International Court of Justice jurisdiction. Year 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays 1985 Gregorian calendar). ... The United Nations Secretariat is one of the principal organs of the United Nations and it is headed by the United Nations Secretary General, assisted by a staff of international civil servants worldwide. ... The International Court of Justice (known colloquially as the World Court or ICJ; French: ) is the primary judicial organ of the United Nations. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Judiciary (4426 words)
I find it untenable that a system that is wholly tolerant and forgiving of extremely sharp statements that are made about people who hold sensitive posts, such as the prime minister and cabinet ministers, should be so sensitive regarding the possible influence of every critical statement directed at the judicial system.
The combination of judicial criticism of Knesset legislation, in a state where there is as yet no crystallized constitution, by a court whose justices are not elected but are appointed for life by the judicial system itself, creates a very problematic situation, in my opinion.
In a certain sense, the judicial system serves as the last refuge for elements of the old elites who feel that the only institution that is still under their control and represents their values is the court.
Jewish Law Student Association: Israel's Judicial System (2749 words)
The judicial system in Israel is divided into two main types: one, the general law courts which are known as civil or regular courts, and the other, tribunals and other authorities with judicial powers.
The Israeli legal system is unique among modern legal systems in the utilization of various personal status laws in the area of family law, applied by religious courts.
The success of the judicial system in Israel, with the Supreme Court at its head, in the enforcement of the rule of law and the defense of civil rights is, to a great extent, a result of the independence given to judges.
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