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Encyclopedia > Israeli West Bank barrier
The barrier route as of July 2006. Some previously approved portions have become uncertain due to Israeli Supreme Court decisions and are subject to re-design. As of April 2006, the length of the barrier as approved by the Israeli government is 703 kilometers (436 miles) long. Approximately 58.4% has been constructed, 8.96% is under construction, and construction has not yet begun on 33% of the barrier.
The barrier route as of July 2006. Some previously approved portions have become uncertain due to Israeli Supreme Court decisions and are subject to re-design. As of April 2006, the length of the barrier as approved by the Israeli government is 703 kilometers (436 miles) long. Approximately 58.4% has been constructed, 8.96% is under construction, and construction has not yet begun on 33% of the barrier.
Aerial view looking east from the Israeli side.
Aerial view looking east from the Israeli side.
The barrier between Abu Dis and Jerusalem, June 2004.
The barrier between Abu Dis and Jerusalem, June 2004.
The barrier between northern Samaria and the Gilboa.
The barrier between northern Samaria and the Gilboa.

The Israeli West-Bank barrier is a barrier being constructed by Israel consisting of a network of fences with vehicle-barrier trenches surrounded by an on average 60 meters wide exclusion area (90%) and up to 8 meters high concrete walls (10%).[1] It is located mainly within the West Bank, partly along the 1949 Armistice line, or "Green Line" between Israel and Jordan which now demarcates the West Bank. As of April 2006, the length of the barrier as approved by the Israeli government is 703 kilometers (436 miles) long. Approximately 58.04% has been constructed, 8.96% is under construction, and construction has not yet begun on 33% of the barrier.[2] The Jerusalem Post reported in July 2007 that the barrier may not be fully constructed until 2010, seven years after it was originally supposed to be completed.[3] Image File history File links Size of this preview: 316 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (500 × 947 pixel, file size: 320 KB, MIME type: image/png) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 316 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (500 × 947 pixel, file size: 320 KB, MIME type: image/png) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The death toll from the July 2006 Java earthquake and the tsunami rises to 226. ... To suggest a relevant news story for the main page, refer to the criteria then add your suggestion at the candidates page. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (2088 × 1392 pixel, file size: 890 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Aerial photo of the Israeli West Bank wall looking from the Israeli side. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (2088 × 1392 pixel, file size: 890 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Aerial photo of the Israeli West Bank wall looking from the Israeli side. ... Download high resolution version (900x461, 87 KB)Israeli separation barrier at Abu Dis, June 2004 This picture shows a portion of the barrier being built by Israel in the West Bank. ... Download high resolution version (900x461, 87 KB)Israeli separation barrier at Abu Dis, June 2004 This picture shows a portion of the barrier being built by Israel in the West Bank. ... Abu Dis is a Palistinian city near Jerusalem in the West Bank. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (1002 × 668 pixel, file size: 272 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Separation Barrier between Northern Samaria (Palestinian) and the Gilboa (Israeli) Photo by beivushtang http://www. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (1002 × 668 pixel, file size: 272 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Separation Barrier between Northern Samaria (Palestinian) and the Gilboa (Israeli) Photo by beivushtang http://www. ... Separation barriers (separation walls, security fences) are constructed to limit the movement of people across a certain line or border or to separate two populations. ... The 1949 Armistice Agreements are a set of agreements signed during 1949 between Israel and its neighbors Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, and Syria. ... Israels 1949 Green Line (dark green) and demilitarized zones (light green). ... To suggest a relevant news story for the main page, refer to the criteria then add your suggestion at the candidates page. ... The May 16, 1948 Palestine Post headline announcing the creation of the state of Israel The Jerusalem Post is an Israeli daily English language broadsheet newspaper, originally founded on December 1, 1932, by American journalist-turned-newspaper-editor Gershon Agron as the The Palestine Post. ... A year (from Old English gēr) is the time between two recurrences of an event related to the orbit of the Earth around the Sun. ...


The barrier is a highly controversial project. Supporters argue that the barrier is a necessary tool protecting Israeli civilians from Palestinian terrorism, including suicide bombing attacks, that increased significantly during the al-Aqsa Intifada;[4] it has helped to significantly reduce incidents of terrorism from 2002 to 2005;[5] its supporters assert that the onus is on the Palestinian Authority to fight terrorism.[6] For other uses, see al-Aqsa (disambiguation). ...


Opponents argue that the barrier is an illegal attempt to annex Palestinian land under the guise of security,[7] violates international law,[8] has the intent or effect to pre-empt final status negotiations,[9] and severely restricts Palestinians who live nearby, particularly their ability to travel freely within the West Bank and to access work in Israel.[9] In a 2004 decision, the International Court of Justice declared construction of the wall "contrary to international law."[10] See also International Commission of Jurists Peace Palace, seat of the ICJ. Org type Principal Organ Acronyms ICJ, CIJ Head President of the ICJ Dame Rosalyn Higgins DBE Status Active Established 1945 Website www. ...


Pro-settler opponents claim that the barrier is a sly attempt to artificially create a border that excludes the settlers, creating "facts on the ground" that justify the mass dismantlement of hundreds of settlements and displacement of over 100,000 Jews from the land they claim as their biblical homeland.[11]


Two similar barriers, the Israeli Gaza Strip barrier and the Israeli-built[12] 40-foot (12 m) wall separating Gaza from Egypt (temporarily breached on January 23, 2008 - Breach of the Gaza-Egypt border (2008)), have been much less controversial.[13] Gaza Strip Barrier near the Karni Crossing The Israeli Gaza Strip barrier is a separation barrier along the armistice line of the 1948 Arab-Israeli War between the Gaza Strip and Israel. ... is the 23rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ...

Contents

Overview

Names of the barrier

The naming of the barrier is controversial. Israelis most commonly refer to the barrier as the "separation (hafrada) fence" (גדר ההפרדה , gader ha'hafrada or geder ha'hafrada) and "security fence" or "anti-terrorist fence", with "seam zone" referring to the land between the fence and the 1949 armistice lines. Image File history File links He-Gader_Hahafrada. ... The barrier route as of May 2005. ...


Palestinians most commonly refer to the barrier in Arabic as "jidar al-fasl al-'unsuri" , (racial segregation wall), and some opponents of the barrier refer to it in English as the "Apartheid Wall", even though less than 10% of the planned total length of the barrier can accurately be described as a "wall".[14] Arabic redirects here. ... Image File history File links ArWestBankBarrier. ...


The International Court of Justice, in its advisory opinion on the barrier, wrote it had chosen to use the term wall because "the other expressions sometimes employed are no more accurate if understood in the physical sense."[15]


The BBC's style guide for journalists states "The BBC uses the terms barrier, separation barrier or West Bank barrier as acceptable generic descriptions to avoid the political connotations of "security fence" (preferred by the Israeli government) or "apartheid wall" (preferred by the Palestinians)."[16] For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ...


Sometimes various other names including separation/security and fence/wall/barrier are used.[citation needed]


History and stated purpose

The idea of creating a physical barrier between the Israeli and Palestinian populations was first proposed by Yitzhak Rabin in 1992, following the murder of an Israeli teenage girl in Jerusalem. Rabin said that Israel must "take Gaza out of Tel Aviv", in order to minimize friction between the peoples.[17] Following an outbreak of violent incidents in Gaza in October 1994, Rabin announced his stance that "we have to decide on separation as a philosophy. There has to be a clear border. Without demarcating the lines, whoever wants to swallow 1.8 million Arabs will just bring greater support for Hamas."[17] For other persons named Rabin, see Rabin (disambiguation). ... Not to be confused with the Spanish name Garza or the Egyptian town of Giza. ... Tel-Aviv was founded on empty dunes north of the existing city of Jaffa. ... Ḥamas (; acronym: , or Ḥarakat al-Muqawama al-Islamiyya or Islamic Resistance Movement) is a democratically-elected Palestinian Sunni Islamist[1] militant organization and political party which currently holds a majority of seats in the legislative council of the Palestinian Authority. ...


To this end, the government of Yitzhak Rabin built the Israeli Gaza Strip barrier in 1994. Following an attack on HaSharon Junction, near the city of Netanya, Rabin made his goals more specific: The HaSharon Junction (Hebrew: ‎), commonly known as Beit Lid Junction (Hebrew: ‎), is an intersection between highways 4 and 57 in Israel. ... Early morning in Netanya, Israel Netanya (Hebrew: נְתַנְיָה, Standard Hebrew Nətanya) is a city in the Center District of Israel and is the capital of the Sharon plain. ...

This path must lead to a separation, though not according to the borders prior to 1967. We want to reach a separation between us and them. We do not want a majority of the Jewish residents of the state of Israel, 98% of whom live within the borders of sovereign Israel, including a united Jerusalem, to be subject to terrorism.

In early 1995, the Shahal commission was established by Yitzhak Rabin to discuss how to implement a barrier separating Israelis and Palestinians. Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak, prior to the Camp David 2000 Summit with Yasser Arafat, vowed to build a separation barrier, stating that it is "essential to the Palestinian nation in order to foster its national identity and independence without being dependent on the State of Israel".[17] Ehud Barak (Hebrew: אֵהוּד בָּרָק) (born Ehud Brog on February 12, 1942) is an Israeli politician, former Prime Minster, and current Minister of Defense and leader of Israels Labor Party. ... The Middle East Peace Summit at Camp David of July 2000 took place between United States President Bill Clinton, Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak, and Palestinian Authority Chairman Yasser Arafat. ... Not to be confused with Yasir Arafat (cricketer). ...


The Israeli Supreme Court made reference to the conditions and history that led to the building of the barrier. In the September 2005 decision,[1] it described the history of violence against Israeli citizens since the breakout of al-Aqsa Intifada and the loss of life that ensued on the Israeli side. The court ruling also cited the attempts Israel had made to defend its citizens, including "military operations" carried out against "terrorist acts", and stated that these actions... For other uses, see al-Aqsa (disambiguation). ...

...did not provide a sufficient answer to the immediate need to stop the severe acts of terrorism. . . . Despite all these measures, the terror did not come to an end. The attacks did not cease. Innocent people paid with both life and limb. This is the background behind the decision to construct the separation fence (Id., at p. 815)

Grassroots effort

In June 2001, a grass roots organization called "Fence for Life - The Public Movement for The Security Fence" began the grassroots effort for the construction of a continuous security fence. The movement was founded by people from all over Israel following the Dolphinarium discotheque suicide bombing. Grassroots democracy is a tendency towards designing political processes where as much decision-making authority as practical is shifted to the organizations lowest geographic level of organization. ... In June 2001 a non-partisan public and civilian movement called Fence for life began a struggle for the construction of a continuous security fence between the Palestinian population centers and the Israeli population. ...


The stated goal of the movement is to encourage the government to construct a security fence along Israel's borders. "Fence for Life" urged the government to build a continuous fence as speedily as possible, and without any connection to the political future of the areas it separates, with a goal of hermetically sealing off the Palestinian territories from Israeli population centers to prevent the terrorist acts by Palestinians against the people living in Israel.


The "Fence for Life" campaign emphasized that any security fence has no connection whatsoever to the political future of the settlements. The Movement for the Security Fence for Israel included protests, demonstrations, conferences with public figures, media blitzes, lobbying in the Knesset as well as legal battles in the High Court of Justice, both with demands to quickly build the security fence as well as appeals not to cause further delay in construction. The movement does not support any specific path for the barrier, as this is subject to a government decision. "Fence for Life" was of the opinion that "politicization" of the fence by various groups was delaying the completion of the security barrier and is likely to block its construction. At the end of 2002, due to government inaction, several localities who suffered the most from lack of a border barrier had started to build the barrier using their own funds directly on the green-line.[18]


Government action

Although the government of Prime Minister Ariel Sharon was initially hesitant to construct the barrier, he finally embraced the plan. The stated purpose of the barrier is to prevent terrorists from entering Israeli cities, a problem which has plagued Israel since the start of the Second Intifada. A secondary purpose of the barrier is to prevent illegal infiltrations by Palestinians, mainly illegal immigrants and car thieves. The Israeli government says that the high concrete portions are to protect cars and people on the Israeli side from gunfire. Many Israelis note the danger of terrorist incursions from the area, such as waves of suicide bombings in early 2002.   (Hebrew: , also known by his diminutive Arik אָרִיק) (born February 27, 1928) is a former Israeli politician and general. ... Terrorist redirects here. ... For other uses, see al-Aqsa (disambiguation). ... A suicide attack is an attack on a military or civilian target, in which an attacker intends to kill others, knowing that he or she will either certainly or most likely die in the process (see suicide). ...

See also: Civilian casualties in the Second Intifada

According to Natan Sharansky, Minister of Housing and Construction at the time: Natan Sharansky (Hebrew: נתן שרנסקי, Russian: Натан Борисович Щаранский; born January 20, 1948) is a notable former Soviet anticommunist, Zionist, Israeli politician and writer. ...

When Israel's free society was defending itself against an unprecedented campaign of terror, most of the international community was calling for an end of the "cycle of violence" and a return to the negotiating table. When the Palestinian terrorists struck... Israel was condemned for imposing "collective punishment" on the Palestinian population. When Israel chose to target individual terrorists with precision air strikes, its actions were condemned as illegal extrajudicial assassinations. It seemed that in eyes of many, the Jews had a right to defend themselves in theory but could not exercise that right in practice... our government understood that there were three options to maintain an acceptable level of security for our citizens. The first was to wage a total war against Palestinian terror using weapons that would claim many innocent Palestinian lives. The second was to keep our reserves constantly mobilized to defend the country. The third option was to build the security fence. Had the Palestinian Authority become a partner in fighting terror, as it was obliged to do under all the agreements that it signed, none of these options would have become necessary.[19] Yitzhak Rabin, Bill Clinton, and Yasser Arafat during the Oslo Accords on September 13, 1993. ...

Route and route timeline

The barrier generally runs along or near the 1949 Jordanian-Israeli armistice/Green Line, but diverges in many places to include on the Israeli side several of the highly populated areas of Jewish settlements in the West Bank such as East Jerusalem, Ariel, Gush Etzion, Emmanuel, Karnei Shomron, Givat Ze'ev, Oranit, and Maale Adumim.[20] Because of the complex path it follows, most of the barrier is actually set in the West Bank.[2] It diverges from the "Green Line" by anywhere from 200 meters to as much as 20 kilometers, with the result that many Israeli settlements in the West Bank remain on the Israeli side of the barrier, and some Palestinian towns are nearly encircled by it. Approximately 20% is actually on the Green Line.[21] The proponents of the barrier claim that its route is not set in stone, as it was challenged in court and changed several times. They note that the cease-fire line of 1949 was negotiated "without prejudice to future territorial settlements or boundary lines" (Art. VI.9).[22] Security experts argue that the topography does not permit putting the barrier along the Green Line in some places, because hills or tall buildings on the Palestinian side would make the barrier ineffective against terrorism.[23] The International Court of Justice has countered that in such cases it is only legal to build the barrier inside Israel. The 1949 Armistice Agreements are a set of agreements signed during 1949 between Israel and its neighbors Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, and Syria. ... Several demarcation lines are known as the Green Line: Israel: The Green Line is often used to refer to the 1949 armistice line established between Israel and its opponents (Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, and Egypt) at the end of the 1948 Arab-Israeli War. ... One of the most contentious issues in the Arab-Israeli Conflict has been the Israeli policy of sponsoring, supporting, and/or tolerating the establishment of Jewish communities in areas that came under Israeli control as a result of the 1967 Six Day War. ... East Jerusalem is that part of Jerusalem which was held by Jordan from the 1948 Arab-Israeli War until the Six-Day War in 1967. ... A neighbourhood in Ariel Hebrew אריאל Arabic اريئيل Name Meaning Lion of God Founded in 1978 Government City (from 1998) District Judea and Samaria Area Population 16,900 (2004) Jurisdiction 30,000 dunams (30 km²) Mayor Ron Nachman The city of Ariel (‎; Arabic: ) is an Israeli city, located in the seam zone... Tunnel to Gush Etzion Gush Etzion (Hebrew גוש עציון, literally bloc of the tree) is a group of Israeli settlements in the northern Judea region of the West Bank. ... Immanuel or Emmanuel or Imanuel (עִמָּנוּאֵל God with us, Standard Hebrew ʿImmanuʾel, Tiberian Hebrew ʿImmānûʾēl) is a title used in the Book of Isaiah in the Hebrew Bible. ... Karnei Shomron (קרני שומרון), meaning the Horns of Samaria is a group of Jewish communities in the western Samaria region (West Bank), east of Kfar Saba. ... Givat Zeev (גבעת זאב) is an Israeli settlement in the West Bank. ... Maale Adummim (מעלה אדומים; unofficially also spelled Maale Adumim) is an outlying suburb east of Jerusalem in the West Bank. ... Map of Israeli settlements (magenta) in the West Bank. ... An armistice is the effective end of a war, when the warring parties agree to stop fighting. ... For discussion of land surfaces themselves, see Terrain. ...

Israeli West Bank barrier - North of Meitar, near the south west corner of the West Bank.
Israeli West Bank barrier - North of Meitar, near the south west corner of the West Bank.

As of November 2003, the barrier extends inside most of the northwestern and western edges of the West Bank, sometimes close to the Green Line, and sometimes running further east. In some places there are also secondary barriers, creating a number of completely enclosed enclaves. Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Meitar is a small town north-east of Beersheba, in the southern region of Israel. ... 2003 : January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August _ September - October - November - December A timeline of events in the news for November, 2003. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


In February 2004, Israel said it would review the route of the barrier in response to U.S. and Palestinian concerns. In particular, Israeli cabinet members said modifications would be made to reduce the number of checkpoints Palestinians had to cross, and especially to reduce Palestinian hardship in areas such as Qalqilyah where the barrier goes very near, and in some cases nearly encircles, populated areas. Qalqilyah (Arabic قلقيلية ; Standard Hebrew קלקיליה Qalqilya) is a Palestinian city in the West Bank. ...


On June 30, 2004, the Supreme Court of Israel ruled that a portion of the barrier west of Jerusalem violates the rights of Palestinians, and ordered 30 km of existing and planned barrier to be rerouted. However, it did rule that the barrier is legal in essence and accepted the Israeli government's claim that it is a security measure. On July 9, 2004, the International Court of Justice issued an advisory opinion that it is a violation of international law. At the beginning of September 2004, Israel started the southern part of the barrier. is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Supreme Court (Hebrew: בית המשפט העליון, Beit Hamishpat Haelyon ) is at the head of the court system in the State of Israel. ... is the 190th day of the year (191st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... See also International Commission of Jurists Peace Palace, seat of the ICJ. Org type Principal Organ Acronyms ICJ, CIJ Head President of the ICJ Dame Rosalyn Higgins DBE Status Active Established 1945 Website www. ...


On February 20, 2005, the Israeli cabinet approved a new route. The new route is 681 kilometers and would leave approximately seven percent of the West Bank and 10,000 Palestinians on the Israeli side. (Map) Before that time, the exact route of the barrier had not been finalized, and it had been alleged by opponents that the barrier route would encircle the Samarian highlands of the West Bank, separating them from the Jordan valley.[24] is the 51st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The term Palestinian has other usages, for which see definitions of Palestinian. ... “Shomron” redirects here. ... Northern part of the Great Rift Valley as seen from space (NASA) The Jordan River The Jordan River (Hebrew: נהר הירדן nehar hayarden, Arabic: نهر الأردن nahr al-urdun) is a river in Southwest Asia flowing through the Great Rift Valley into the Dead Sea. ...


Following a suicide bombing in Tel Aviv, the route was again revised by a cabinet decision on April 30, 2006.[25] The route[26][27] now leaves fewer Palestinians and less West Bank land on the Israeli side of the barrier. In the Ariel area, the new route corrects an anomaly of the previous route that would have left thousands of Palestinians on the Israeli side. The Alfei Menashe settlement bloc was reduced in size, and the new plan leaves three groups of Palestinian houses on the Palestinian side of the fence. The barrier's route in the Jerusalem area will leave Beit Iksa on the Palestinian side; and Jaba on the Israeli side, but with a crossing to the Palestinian side at Tzurif. Further changes were made to the route around Eshkolot and Metzadot Yehuda, and the route from Metzadot to Har Choled was approved.[28] is the 120th day of the year (121st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A neighbourhood in Ariel Hebrew אריאל Arabic اريئيل Name Meaning Lion of God Founded in 1978 Government City (from 1998) District Judea and Samaria Area Population 16,900 (2004) Jurisdiction 30,000 dunams (30 km²) Mayor Ron Nachman The city of Ariel (‎; Arabic: ) is an Israeli city, located in the seam zone... Alfei Menashe is an Israeli settlement on the western edge of Samaria in the central West Bank that achieved local council status in 1987. ...


See also 1949 Cease-fire line vs. the permanent border. The 1949 Armistice Agreements are a set of agreements signed during 1949 between Israel and its neighbors Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, and Syria. ...


Structure

Most of the barrier (over 95% of total length) consists of a "multi-layered fence system"[29] ideally 50 m in width. The IDF's preferred design has three fences, with pyramid-shaped stacks of barbed wire for the two outer fences and a lighter-weight fence with intrusion detection equipment in the middle. Patrol roads are provided on both sides of the middle fence, an anti-vehicle ditch is located on the West Bank side of the fence, and a smooth dirt strip on the Israeli side for "intrusion tracking".


Some sections (less than 5% of total length) are constructed as a wall made up of concrete slabs up to 8 m in height and 3 m in width. Occasionally, due to topographic conditions other sections of the barrier will reach up to 100 m in width.[30] Wall construction (5%) is more common in urban settings, such as areas near Qalqilyah and Jerusalem, because it is narrower, requires less land, and provides more protection against snipers. In all cases there are regular observation posts, automated sensing devices and other apparatus. Gates at various points are controlled by Israeli soldiers. For other uses, see Jerusalem (disambiguation). ...


Effects and consequences

Effects on Israeli security

Israeli statistics indicate that the barrier has drastically reduced the number of Palestinian infiltrations and suicide bombings and other attacks on civilians in Israel and in Israeli settlements, and Israeli officials assert that completion of the barrier will make it even more effective in stopping these attacks[31] since "An absolute halt in terrorist activities has been noticed in the West Bank areas where the fence has been constructed".[32]


Israeli officers (including the head of the Shin Bet) quoted in the newspaper Maariv have claimed that in the areas where the barrier was complete, the number of hostile infiltrations has decreased to almost zero. Maariv also stated that Palestinian militants, including a senior member of Islamic Jihad, had confirmed that the barrier made it much harder to conduct attacks inside Israel. Since the completion of the fence in the area of Tulkarem and Qalqilyah in June 2003, there have been no successful attacks from those areas. All attacks were intercepted or the suicide bombers detonated prematurely.[17] In a March 23, 2008 interview, Palestinian Islamic Jihad leader Ramadan Abdallah Shalah complained to the Qatari newspaper Al-Sharq that the separation barrier "limits the ability of the resistance to arrive deep within [Israeli territory] to carry out suicide bombing attacks , but the resistance has not surrendered or become helpless, and is looking for other ways to cope with the requirements of every stage" of the intifada.[33] Shabak emblem Defender who shall not be seen The   (‎, an acronym for Sherut Bitahon Klali (‎), lit. ... Maariv House (the newspaper headquarters) in Carlebach street, Tel Aviv Maariv (Hebrew: , transl. ... The emblem of the Palestinian Islamic Jihad shows a map of the land they claim as Palestine (roughly, present-day Israel, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip) superimposed on the images of the Dome of the Rock, two fists and two rifles. ... Tulkarm (Arabic طولكرم Ṭūlkarm; Standard Hebrew טולכרם) is an Arab city in the West Bank. ... A suicide bombing is a bomb attack on people or property, committed by a person who knows the explosion will cause his or her own death in addition to the attacks primary purpose (see suicide, suicide weapons). ... is the 82nd day of the year (83rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ...


There is general agreement that effects to date have coincided with improved Israeli security.[5][34]


However, there is debate over how effective the barrier has been in preventing terrorist attacks. A report by the Shin Beit, published in early 2006 notes that terror attacks in 2005 have significantly decreased due to increased pursuing of Palestinian militants by the Israeli army and intelligence organizations, Hamas's increased political activity, and a truce among Palestinian militant groups in the Palestinian Territories. According to Haaretz the report also mentions that "The security fence is no longer mentioned as the major factor in preventing suicide bombings, mainly because the terrorists have found ways to bypass it."[35] Haaretz (Hebrew: (help· info), The Land) is an Israeli newspaper, founded in 1919. ...


Effects on demography and asset values

According to a 2005 report published by the Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, the barrier being built around Jerusalem may have unintended effects on the city. According to the study, many Jerusalem Palestinians who were living in areas outside the barrier are now moving back into the city, creating housing shortages, increased real estate prices, and the phenomena of Palestinians moving into traditionally Jewish neighborhoods of the city.[36]


Effects on Palestinians

The barrier has many effects on Palestinians including reduced freedoms, reduction of Israeli checkpoint and closures, loss of land, increased difficulty in accessing medical services in Israel, restricted access to water sources, change in political tactics and strategy, and economic effects. An Israel Defense Forces checkpoint, usually called an Israeli checkpoint (Hebrew: מחסום, machsom), is a barrier put forth by the Israel Defense Forces to enhance the security of Israel and prevent those who wish to harm it from entering the country. ...


In an interview with Al-Sharq, Ramadan Abdallah Shalah, leader of the Palestinian Islamic Jihad, mentioned that the Second Intifada was currently characterized by rocket fire , which had replaced the previous stage of suicide bombing attacks. That, he said, was because Israel had found ways and means to protect itself from such attacks: "For example, they built a separation fence in the West Bank. We do not deny that it limits the ability of the militants to arrive deep within Israeli territory to carry out suicide bombing attacks."[37] The emblem of the Palestinian Islamic Jihad shows a map of the land they claim as Palestine (roughly, present-day Israel, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip) superimposed on the images of the Dome of the Rock, two fists and two rifles. ...


Reduced freedoms

In a 2005 report, the UN stated that: This article is about the United Nations, for other uses of UN see UN (disambiguation) Official languages English, French, Spanish, Russian, Chinese, Arabic Secretary-General Kofi Annan (since 1997) Established October 24, 1945 Member states 191 Headquarters New York City, NY, USA Official site http://www. ...

...it is difficult to overstate the humanitarian impact of the Barrier. The route inside the West Bank severs communities, people’s access to services, livelihoods and religious and cultural amenities. In addition, plans for the Barrier’s exact route and crossing points through it are often not fully revealed until days before construction commences. This has led to considerable anxiety amongst Palestinians about how their future lives will be impacted...The land between the Barrier and the Green Line constitutes some of the most fertile in the West Bank. It is currently the home for 49,400 West Bank Palestinians living in 38 villages and towns.[38]
 
— Introduction UN report Pg4

An often-quoted example of the effects of the barrier is the Palestinian town of Qalqilyah, a city of around 45,000, where an 8 meter-high concrete section is built on the Green Line between the city and the nearby Trans-Israel Highway. The wall in this section, referred to as an "anti-sniper wall," has been claimed to prevent gun attacks against Israeli motorists on the nearby Trans-Israel Highway.[39] The city is accessible through a main road from the east, and an underground tunnel built in September 2004 on the south side connects Qalqilyah with the adjacent village of Habla. Recently, the Israeli Supreme Court ordered the government to change the route of the barrier in this area to ease movement of Palestinians between Qalqilyah and 5 surrounding villages. In the same ruling, the court rejected the arguments that the fence must be built only on the Green Line. The ruling cited the topography of the terrain, security considerations, and sections 43 and 52 of The Hague Regulations 1907 and Article 53 of the 4th Geneva Convention as reasons for this rejection.[1] Qalqilyah (Arabic قلقيلية ; Standard Hebrew קלקיליה Qalqilya) is a Palestinian city in the West Bank. ... Israels 1949 Green Line (dark green) and demilitarized zones (light green). ... Headquarters and control centre near Petah Tikva Highway 6 (Hebrew: ), widely known as the Trans-Israel Highway or Cross-Israel Highway (חוצה ישראל), is a major electronic toll highway in Israel. ...

Palestinian children running towards the Israeli West Bank barrier(August 2004).
Palestinian children running towards the Israeli West Bank barrier(August 2004).

In early October 2003, the IDF OC Central Command declared the area between the separation barrier in the northern section of the West Bank (Stage 1) and the Green Line a closed military area for an indefinite period of time. New directives stated that every Palestinian over the age of twelve living in the enclaves created in the closed area have to obtain a “permanent resident permit” from the Civil Administration to enable them to continue to live in their homes. Other residents of the West Bank have to obtain special permits to enter the area.[2] Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 532 pixelsFull resolution (3008 × 2000 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 532 pixelsFull resolution (3008 × 2000 pixel, file size: 1. ... The Israeli Central Command is a regional command of the Israel Defense Forces. ...


Decreased checkpoints and closures

In June 2004, the Washington Times[40] reported that the reduced need for Israeli military incursions in Jenin have prompted efforts to rebuild damaged streets and buildings and a gradual return to a semblance of normalcy, and in a letter[41] dated October 25, 2004, from the Israeli mission to Kofi Annan, Israel's government pointed out that a number of restrictions east of the barrier have been lifted as a result of the barrier, including a reduction in checkpoints from 71 to 47 and roadblocks from 197 to 111. The Jerusalem Post reports that, for some Palestinians who are Israeli citizens living in the Israeli Arab town of Umm el-Fahm (population 42,000) near Jenin, the barrier has "significantly improved their lives" because, on one hand, it prevents would-be thieves or terrorists from coming to their town and, on the other hand, has increased the flow of customers from other parts of Israel who would normally have patronised Palestinian business in the West Bank, resulting in an economic boom. The report states that the downsides are that the barrier has divided families in half and "damaged Israeli Arabs' solidarity with the Palestinians living on the other side of the Green Line".[42] is the 298th day of the year (299th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Kofi Atta Annan GCMG (born April 8, 1938) is a Ghanaian diplomat who served as the seventh Secretary-General of the United Nations from January 1, 1997 to January 1, 2007, serving two five-year terms. ... The May 16, 1948 Palestine Post headline announcing the creation of the state of Israel The Jerusalem Post is an Israeli daily English language broadsheet newspaper, originally founded on December 1, 1932, by American journalist-turned-newspaper-editor Gershon Agron as the The Palestine Post. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Hebrew אום אל-פחם Arabic أم الفحم Name Meaning Mother of The Charcoals Government City District Haifa Population 40,000 (2004) Jurisdiction 25,500 dunams (25. ... It has been suggested that Anem be merged into this article or section. ...


A UN report released in August 2005 observed that the existence of the barrier "replaced the need for closures: movement within the northern West Bank, for example, is less restrictive where the Barrier has been constructed. Physical obstacles have also been removed in Ramallah and Jerusalem governorates where the Barrier is under construction." The report notes that more freedom of movement in rural areas may ease Palestinian access to hospitals and schools, but also notes that restrictions on movement between urban population centers have not significantly changed.[43]


Loss of land

See also: Seam Zone and House demolition in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict

Parts of the barrier are built on land confiscated from Palestinians.[44][39] In a recent report, the UN noted that the most recent barrier route allocates more segments to be built on the Green Line itself compared to previous draft routes of the barrier.[38] The barrier route as of May 2005. ... A Palestinian home after demolition by Israeli security forces House demolition in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict is a controversial tactic used by the Israeli Defence Forces (IDF) in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. ... This article is about the United Nations, for other uses of UN see UN (disambiguation) Official languages English, French, Spanish, Russian, Chinese, Arabic Secretary-General Kofi Annan (since 1997) Established October 24, 1945 Member states 191 Headquarters New York City, NY, USA Official site http://www. ...


As of May 2004, the fence construction had already uprooted an estimated 102,320 Palestinian olive and citrus trees, demolished 75 acres (0.3 km²) of greenhouses and 23 miles (37 km) of irrigation pipes. At that point, it rested on 15,000 dunums (3,705 acres or 15 km²) of confiscated land, only meters away from a number of small villages, or hamlets. In early 2003, in order to move a section of the barrier to the Green Line, a ramshackle mall of 63 shops straddling that line into Israel was demolished by the IDF in the village of Nazlat Issa after giving their owners 30 minutes notice.[45][46] In August 2003, an additional 115 shops and stalls (an important source of income for several communities) and five to seven homes there were also demolished.[47][48] The Israeli government has promised that trees affected by the construction will be replanted.[49] 2004 : January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December Deaths in May • 28 Gerald Anthony • 27 Umberto Agnelli • 22 Richard Biggs • 20 Len Murray • 17 Tony Randall • 17 Ezzedine Salim • 9 Alan King • 9 Akhmad Kadyrov • 8(?) Nick Berg • 7 Waldemar Milewicz Other recent deaths Ongoing...


According to the United Nations Relief and Works Agency (UNRWA), 15 communities were to be directly affected, numbering approximately 138,593 Palestinians, including 13,450 refugee families, or 67,250 individuals. In addition to loss of land, in the city of Qalqilyah one-third of the city's water wells lie on the other side of the barrier. The Israeli Supreme Court notes the Israeli government's rejection of accusations of a de facto annexation of these wells, stating that "the construction of the fence does not affect the implementation of the water agreements determined in the (interim) agreement".[1] The United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) is a relief and human development agency, providing education, healthcare, social services and emergency aid to over four million refugees living in the Gaza Strip, the West Bank, Jordan, Lebanon and the Syrian Arab republic. ...


Health and medical services

Médecins du Monde, the Palestinian Red Crescent Society and Physicians for Human Rights-Israel have stated that the barrier "harms West Bank health".[50] Upon completion of the construction, the organizations predict, the barrier would prevent over 130,000 Palestinian children from being immunised, and deny more than 100,000 pregnant women (out of which 17,640 are high risk pregnancies) access to healthcare in Israel. In addition, almost a third of West Bank villages will suffer from lack of access to healthcare. After completion, many residents may lose complete access to emergency care at night. In towns near Jerusalem (Abu Dis and al-Eizariya), for example, average time for an ambulance to travel to the nearest hospital has increased from 10 minutes to over 110 minutes.[51] A report from Physicians for Human Rights-Israel states that the barrier imposes "almost-total separation" on the hospitals from the population they are supposed to serve.[52] The report also noted that patients from the West Bank visiting Jerusalem's Palestinian clinics declined by half from 2002 to 2003. Médecins du monde (MDM), also known as Doctors of the World, is a non-governmental humanitarian aid organisation created in march 1980 by 15 French doctors, including Bernard Kouchner after he had left Médecins sans frontières (MSF, Doctors Without Borders), the aid society which he had founded... Red Cross redirects here. ... Physicians for Human Rights (PHR) is an organization that promotes health by protecting human rights. ... Abu Dis is a Palistinian city near Jerusalem in the West Bank. ... al-Eizariya or al-Izzariya (Arabic: , lit. ...


Change in tactics and strategy

Members of al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades, Hamas, and the Palestinian Islamic Jihad have been less able to conduct attacks in Israel, the numbers of which have decreased in areas where the barrier has been completed.[53] Daniel Ayalon, Israel's ambassador to the United States, suggested that reduced ability to conduct attacks would "save the political process" because the barrier would neutralize the ability of militant groups "to hold that process hostage" by conducting these acts.[54] For other uses, see al-Aqsa (disambiguation). ... Ḥamas (; acronym: , or Ḥarakat al-Muqawama al-Islamiyya or Islamic Resistance Movement) is a democratically-elected Palestinian Sunni Islamist[1] militant organization and political party which currently holds a majority of seats in the legislative council of the Palestinian Authority. ... The emblem of the Palestinian Islamic Jihad shows a map of the land they claim as Palestine (roughly, present-day Israel, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip) superimposed on the images of the Dome of the Rock, two fists and two rifles. ...


In his November 2006 interview with Al-Manar TV, Palestinian Islamic Jihad leader Ramadan Salah claimed that the barrier is an important obstacle, and that "if it weren’t there, the situation would be entirely different."[55] In a March 23, 2008 interview, Palestinian Islamic Jihad leader Ramadan Abdallah Shalah complained to the Qatari newspaper Al-Sharq that his organization had been forced to switch from martyrdom missions to rocket attacks because the separation barrier "limits the ability of the resistance to arrive deep within [Israeli territory] to carry out suicide bombing attacks, but the resistance has not surrendered or become helpless, and is looking for other ways to cope with the requirements of every stage" of the intifada.[56] Al-Manar logo Al Manar (المنار; Arabic for Beacon) is the television station of the controversial Lebanese organization Hezbollah. ... Ramadan Abdullah Mohammad Shallah The Palestinian Ramadan Abdullah Mohammad Shallah (Arabic: ) is one of the founders of Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ), and became its Secretary-General when Fathi Shaqaqi was killed in 1995. ... is the 82nd day of the year (83rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ...

Figure 1: Real Annual GDP Growth, West Bank. Source: CIA World Factbook, World Bank.
Figure 1: Real Annual GDP Growth, West Bank. Source: CIA World Factbook, World Bank[57].

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1300x540, 29 KB) Summary created by SeattliteTungsten using CIA Factbook and WorldBank GDP data Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1300x540, 29 KB) Summary created by SeattliteTungsten using CIA Factbook and WorldBank GDP data Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation...

Economic changes

Real GDP growth in the West Bank increased modestly in 2003, 2004, and 2005 after declining in 2000, 2001, and 2002 (see Figure 1). However, these drops in economic productivity came before the construction of the barrier began. In 2005, the PNA Ministry of Finance cited the 2003 "construction of the separation wall" as one reason for the depressed Palestinian economic activity.[57][dead links] In economics, the gross domestic product (GDP) is a measure of the amount of the economic production of a particular territory in financial capital terms during a specific time period. ...


According to the Palestinian Negotiations Affairs Department (NAD) and other sources, much of Qalqilyah's farmland[58][59] now lie outside the barrier, and farmers require permits from Israeli authorities to access their lands that are on the opposite side. In the town of Jayyus, in the district of Qalqilya there are three gates in the barrier for the purpose of admitting farmers with permits to their fields that are open 3 times a day for a total of 50 minutes,[60] although according to the NAD they have often been arbitrarily closed for extended periods leading to loss of crops, and one of these gates has been closed since August 2004 due to a suicide attack that took place near the gate. The Israeli Human Rights center B'Tselem notes that "thousands of Palestinians have difficulty going to their fields and marketing their produce in other areas of the West Bank. Farming is a primary source of income in the Palestinian communities situated along the Barrier's route, an area that constitutes one of the most fertile areas in the West Bank. The harm to the farming sector is liable to have drastic economic effects on the residents – whose economic situation is already very difficult – and drive many families into poverty".[61][62] BTselem (Hebrew: , in the image of, as in Genesis 1:27) is an Israeli non-governmental organization (NGO) that describes itself as The Israeli Information Center for Human Rights in the Occupied Territories. ...


Legal status

Israeli Supreme Court rulings

Main article: Israeli Supreme Court Opinions on the West Bank Barrier

On two occasions the Israeli government has been instructed by the Supreme Court of Israel to alter the route of the barrier to ensure that negative impacts on Palestinians would be minimized and proportional.[63][64] The Supreme Court (Hebrew: בית המשפט העליון, Beit Hamishpat Haelyon ) is at the head of the court system in the State of Israel. ...


United Nations and International Court of Justice

See also: International law and the Arab-Israeli conflict

In 2004, the United Nations passed a number of resolutions and the International Court of Justice, following hearings in which Israel did not participate, issued an advisory opinion calling for the barrier to be removed and the Arab residents to be compensated for any damage done: "The Court finds that the construction by Israel of a wall in the Occupied Palestinian Territory and its associated régime are contrary to international law".[65] Arguments about the applicability of various elements of international law underlie the debate around the Arab-Israeli conflict. ... UN redirects here. ... See also International Commission of Jurists Peace Palace, seat of the ICJ. Org type Principal Organ Acronyms ICJ, CIJ Head President of the ICJ Dame Rosalyn Higgins DBE Status Active Established 1945 Website www. ... An advisory opinion, in civil procedure, is an opinion issued by a court that does not have the effect of resolving a specific legal case, but merely advises on the constitutionality or interpretation of a law. ...


Opinions on the barrier

Israeli opinions

Israeli public opinion has been very strongly in favor of the barrier, partly in the hope that it will improve security and partly in the belief that the barrier marks the eventual border of a Palestinian state. Due to the latter possibility, the settler movement opposes the barrier, although this opposition has waned since it became clear the barrier would be diverted to the east of major Israeli settlements such as Ariel. According to Haaretz, a survey conducted by the Tami Steinmetz Center for Peace Research, Tel Aviv University, there is an overwhelming support for the barrier among the Jewish population of Israel: 84% on March 2004 and 78% on June 2004.[66] The Palestinian state is recognised by around 100 countries. ... Map of Israeli settlements (magenta) in the West Bank. ... A neighbourhood in Ariel Hebrew אריאל Arabic اريئيل Name Meaning Lion of God Founded in 1978 Government City (from 1998) District Judea and Samaria Area Population 16,900 (2004) Jurisdiction 30,000 dunams (30 km²) Mayor Ron Nachman The city of Ariel (‎; Arabic: ) is an Israeli city, located in the seam zone... Haaretz (Hebrew: (help· info), The Land) is an Israeli newspaper, founded in 1919. ... Tami Steinmetz Center For Peace Research is an academic research institution of Tel Aviv University which surveys public opinion regarding the peace process, the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, and the Arab-Israeli conflict. ... The Engineering Faculty Boulevard The Smolarz Auditorium Tel Aviv University (TAU, אוניברסיטת תל אביב, אתא) is one of Israels major universities. ...


Most Israelis believe the barrier and intensive activity by the Israel Defense Forces to be the main factors in the decrease in successful suicide attack from the West Bank. The proponents of the barrier insist that reversible inconveniences to Palestinians should be balanced with the threats to lives of Israeli civilians and believe that the barrier is a non-violent way to stop terrorism and save innocent lives. Emblem of the IDF The Israel Defense Forces are part of the Israeli Security Forces. ... A suicide attack is an attack on a military or civilian target, in which an attacker intends to kill others, knowing that he or she will either certainly or most likely die in the process (see suicide). ...


However, there are some Israelis who oppose the barrier. The Israeli Peace Now movement has stated that while they would support a barrier that follows the 1949 Armistice lines, the "current route of the fence is intended to destroy all chances of a future peace settlement with the Palestinians and to annex as much land as possible from the West Bank" and that the barrier would "only increase the blood to be split on both sides and continue the sacrificing of Israeli and Palestinian lives for the settlements."[67] Peace Now (Hebrew: שלום עכשיו - Shalom Achshav) is an extra-parliamental political movement in Israel, with the agenda of swaying popular opinion and convincing the Israeli government of the need and possibility for achieving a just peace and an historic conciliation with the Palestinian people and neighboring Arab countries; this in exchange... The 1949 Armistice Agreements are a set of agreements signed during 1949 between Israel and its neighbors Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, and Syria. ...


Additionally, many Israelis living in settlements, such as the Gush Etzion area, oppose the fence because it separates them from the rest of Israel. They argue that building the fence defines a border, and that they are being left out. According to most settlers, all of the West Bank belongs to Israel, and separating any of it with a fence is the first step in giving the land away.[11] Tunnel to Gush Etzion Gush Etzion (Hebrew גוש עציון, literally bloc of the tree) is a group of Israeli settlements in the northern Judea region of the West Bank. ...


Some Israeli left wing activists, such as Anarchists Against the Wall and Gush Shalom are active in protests against the barrier, especially in the West Bank towns of Bil'in and Jayyous.[68][69] Anarchists Against the Wall (AAW), sometimes called Anarchists Against the Fence or Jews Against Ghettos, is a loose-knit organization comprised of Israeli anarchists and anti-authoritarians who oppose the construction of the Israeli Gaza Strip barrier and Israeli West Bank barrier. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Bilin (Arabic: ) is a Palestinian village located in the West Bank approximately 12 kilometers (7 mi) west of the city of Ramallah. ... Jayyous (جيوس), is a small Palestinian village on the west border of the West Bank. ...


Palestinian opinions

The Palestinian population and its leadership are essentially unanimous in opposing the barrier. A significant number of Palestinians have been separated from their own farmlands or their places of work or study, and many more will be separated as the barriers near Jerusalem are completed. Furthermore, because of its planned route as published by the Israeli government, the barrier is perceived as a plan to confine the Palestinian population to specific areas.[70][71] They state that Palestinian institutions in Abu Dis will be prevented from providing services to residents in the East Jerusalem suburbs, and that a 10-minute walk has become a 3-hour drive in order to reach a gate, to go (if allowed) through a crowded military checkpoint, and drive back to the destination on the other side.[72] For other uses, see Jerusalem (disambiguation). ... Abu Dis is a Palistinian city near Jerusalem in the West Bank. ... East Jerusalem is that part of Jerusalem which was held by Jordan from the 1948 Arab-Israeli War until the Six-Day War in 1967. ...


More broadly, Palestinian spokespersons, supported by many in the Israeli left wing and other organizations, claim that the hardships imposed by the barrier will breed further discontent amongst the affected population and add to the security problem rather than solving it.


On April 14, 2004, American President George W. Bush said "In light of new realities on the ground, including already existing major Israeli population centers, it is unrealistic to expect that the outcome of final status negotiations will be a full and complete return to the armistice lines of 1949, and all previous efforts to negotiate a two-state solution have reached the same conclusion.”[73] In direct reaction to Bush's comments, the leadership of the Palestinian National Authority accused the U.S. of rewarding construction of the barrier and replied, "[t]he US assurances are being made at the expense of the Palestinian people and the Arab world without the knowledge of the legitimate Palestinian leadership. They are rewarding illegal occupation, settlement and the apartheid wall."[74] is the 104th day of the year (105th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the forty-third and current President of the United States of America, originally inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... The two-state solution is the name for a class of proposed resolutions of the long-running Arab-Israeli conflict now explicitly backed by the Israeli and United States governments. ... Palestinian government redirects here. ... Apartheid wall is a political epithet used to describe the Western Sahara wall that Arabs Morocco has build: [1] [2]. Propagandists use this political epithet against Israels Israeli West Bank barrier. ...


International opinions

See also: Road map for peace

This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

The United Nations

In October 2003, a United Nations resolution to declare the barrier illegal where it deviates from the green line and should be torn down was vetoed by the US in the United Nations Security Council.[75] In December 2003, it was accepted by the United Nations General Assembly (with four votes against).[76] Consequently, the International Court of Justice was asked for an advisory opinion.[76] It concluded that the barrier violated international law.[77] On 20 July 2004, the UN General Assembly accepted another resolution condemning the barrier with 150 countries voting for the resolution.[78] Only 6 countries voted against: Israel, the US, Australia, Micronesia, the Marshall Islands and Palau. The US and Israel rejected both the verdict and the resolution.[78] All 25 members of the European Union voted in favour of the resolution after it was amended to include calls for Israelis and Palestinians to meet their obligations under the "roadmap" peace plan.[79] UN redirects here. ... “Security Council” redirects here. ... Spanish president in the General Assembly in New York Org type: Principal Organ Acronyms: GA, UNGA Head: President of the UN General Assembly As of 18 September 2007 Srgjan Kerim former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Status: Active Established: 1945 Website: www. ... See also International Commission of Jurists Peace Palace, seat of the ICJ. Org type Principal Organ Acronyms ICJ, CIJ Head President of the ICJ Dame Rosalyn Higgins DBE Status Active Established 1945 Website www. ... An advisory opinion, in civil procedure, is an opinion issued by a court that does not have the effect of resolving a specific legal case, but merely advises on the constitutionality or interpretation of a law. ...


The Red Cross

The Red Cross has declared the barrier in violation of the Geneva Convention. On February 18, 2004, The International Committee of the Red Cross stated that the Israeli barrier "causes serious humanitarian and legal problems" and goes "far beyond what is permissible for an occupying power".[80] The Anarchist Black Cross was originally called the Anarchist Red Cross. The band Redd Kross was originally called Red Cross. This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... The Geneva Conventions consist of treaties formulated in Geneva, Switzerland that set the standards for international law for humanitarian concerns. ... is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) is a private humanitarian institution based in Geneva, Switzerland. ...


Human rights organizations

Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch and other Human rights groups have protested both the routing of the wall and the means by which the land to build the wall was obtained.[81] In a 2004 report Amnesty International wrote that "The fence/wall, in its present configuration, violates Israel’s obligations under international humanitarian law."[82] Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Amnesty international Amnesty International (commonly known as Amnesty or AI) is an international non-governmental organization which defines its mission as to undertake research and action focused on preventing and ending grave abuses of the rights to physical and mental integrity, freedom of conscience... Human Rights Watch Banner Human Rights Watch is a United States-based international non-government organization that conducts research and advocacy on human rights. ... Human rights groups frequently run into controversy when reporting on an emotionally charged issue such as the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. ...


They continue:

Since the summer of 2002 the Israeli army has been destroying large areas of Palestinian agricultural land, as well as other properties, to make way for a fence/wall which it is building in the West Bank. In addition to the large areas of particularly fertile Palestinian farmland that have been destroyed, other larger areas have been cut off from the rest of the West Bank by the fence/wall. The fence/wall is not being built between Israel and the Occupied Territories but mostly (close to 90%) inside the West Bank, turning Palestinian towns and villages into isolated enclaves, cutting off communities and families from each other, separating farmers from their land and Palestinians from their places of work, education and health care facilities and other essential services. This in order to facilitate passage between Israel and more than 50 illegal Israeli settlements located in the West Bank.[83]

The World Council of Churches

On February 20, 2004 the World Council of Churches adopted a statement demanding that Israel halt and reverse construction on the barrier and strongly condemning what they believe to be violations of human rights and humanitarian consequences that have resulted due to construction of the barrier. While acknowledging Israel's serious security concerns and asserting that the construction of the barrier on its own territory would not have been a violation of international law, the statement rejected what it saw as the creation of a new political boundary that confiscates Palestinian land.[84] is the 51st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The World Council of Churches (WCC) is an international Christian ecumenical organization. ...


American opinion

On July 25, 2003, President George W. Bush said "I think the wall is a problem. And I discussed this with Ariel Sharon. It is very difficult to develop confidence between the Palestinians and Israel with a wall snaking through the West Bank."[85] The following year, addressing the issue of the barrier as a future border, he said in a letter to Sharon on April 14, 2004 that it "should be a security rather than political barrier, should be temporary rather than permanent and therefore not prejudice any final status issues including final borders, and its route should take into account, consistent with security needs, its impact on Palestinians not engaged in terrorist activities."[39] President Bush reiterated this position during a May 26, 2005 joint press conference with Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas in the Rose Garden.[86] is the 206th day of the year (207th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the forty-third and current President of the United States of America, originally inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... is the 104th day of the year (105th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 146th day of the year (147th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Mahmoud Abbas (Arabic: ) (born March 26, 1935), also known by the kunya Abu Mazen (ابو مازن), was elected President of the Palestinian National Authority (PNA) on January 9, 2005, and took office on January 15, 2005. ... The tulips are in full bloom in the Rose Garden at the White House, April 20, 2005. ...


Canadian opinion

Canada opposes the barrier's incursion into and the disruption of occupied territories. Regarding the West Bank (including East Jerusalem) as "occupied territory", Canada claims that the barrier is contrary to international law under the Fourth Geneva Convention. The North American nation not only opposes the barrier but also expropriations and the demolition of houses and economic infrastructure carried out for its purpose.[87]


Artists

Graffiti on the wall by Banksy.
Graffiti on the wall by Banksy.

Graffiti on the Palestinian side of walled sections of the barrier has consistently been one of many forms of protest against its existence. Large areas of the walls feature messages relating to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, demanding an end to the barrier, or criticizing its builders and its existence ('Welcome to the Ghetto-Abu Dis'). In August 2005, the U.K. graffiti artist Banksy painted nine images on the Palestinian side of the barrier.[88] He describes the barrier as "the ultimate activity holiday destination for graffiti writers", and returned in December 2007 with new images for "Santa's ghetto" in Bethlehem.[89] The Times headlined the graffiti project "Let Us Spray". On 21 June 2006, Pink Floyd's Roger Waters wrote "Tear down the wall" on the wall, a phrase from the Pink Floyd song "Another Brick in the Wall".[90] Banksy is a well-known pseudo-anonymous[1] English graffiti artist. ... For other uses, see Graffiti (disambiguation). ... Israel, with the West Bank, Gaza Strip and Golan Heights The Israeli-Palestinian conflict is an ongoing dispute between the State of Israel and Arab Palestinians. ... For other uses, see Ghetto (disambiguation). ... Banksy is a well-known pseudo-anonymous[1] English graffiti artist. ... For other uses, see Times. ... is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Pink Floyd are an English rock band that initially earned recognition for their psychedelic or space rock music, and, as they evolved, for their progressive rock music. ... George Roger Waters (born 6 September 1943) is an English rock musician; singer, bassist, guitarist, songwriter, and composer. ... Pink Floyd are an English rock band that initially earned recognition for their psychedelic or space rock music, and, as they evolved, for their progressive rock music. ... This article is about the three songs by Pink Floyd. ...


Borders opinions

Some speculate that because sections of the barrier are built not along the Green Line but in the West Bank, the real purpose is to acquire territory.[7] Some people describe the barrier as the de facto future border of the State of Israel. James Zogby, president of the Arab American Institute, has said that the barrier has "unilaterally helped to demarcate the route for future Israeli control over huge West Bank settlement blocks and large swathes of West Bank land".[91] According to B'Tselem, "the overall features of the separation barrier and the considerations that led to determination of the route give the impression that Israel is relying on security arguments to unilaterally establish facts on the ground ..."[61] Chris McGreal in The Guardian writes that the barrier is, "evidently intended to redraw Israel's borders".[92] Some have speculated that the barrier will prejudice the outcome of border negotiations in favor of the Israelis.[92][93] Yossi Klein Halevi, Israeli correspondent for The New Republic, writes that "[b]uilding over the green line, by contrast, reminds Palestinians that every time they've rejected compromise—whether in 1937, 1947, or 2000—the potential map of Palestine shrinks... The fence is a warning: If Palestinians don't stop terrorism and forfeit their dream of destroying Israel, Israel may impose its own map on them... and, because Palestine isn't being restored but invented, its borders are negotiable."[94] Israels 1949 Green Line (dark green) and demilitarized zones (light green). ... James (Jim) J. Zogby (Arabic,جيمس زغبي), PhD, is the Arab anti-Semitic terrorist founder and president of the Washington, D.C.-based Arab American Institute, which conducts policy research and engages in anti-Semitic political advocacy for the Arab American community. ... BTselem (Hebrew: , in the image of, as in Genesis 1:27) is an Israeli non-governmental organization (NGO) that describes itself as The Israeli Information Center for Human Rights in the Occupied Territories. ... For other uses, see Guardian. ... Yossi Klein Halevi (1953-present) is an author, journalist and researcher of Israeli culture and society. ... For other uses, see New Republic. ... The Peel Commission of 1936, formally known as the Palestine Royal Commission, was a British Royal Commission of Inquiry set out to propose changes to the British Mandate of Palestine following the outbreak of the Great Uprising. ... On 29 November 1947 the United Nations Partition Plan for Palestine or United Nations General Assembly Resolution 181, a plan to resolve the Arab-Israeli conflict in the British Mandate of Palestine, was approved by the United Nations General Assembly. ... The Middle East Peace Summit at Camp David of July 2000 took place between United States President Bill Clinton, Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak, and Palestinian Authority Chairman Yasser Arafat. ... It has been suggested that State of Palestine be merged into this article or section. ...


On March 9, 2006, The New York Times quoted then-acting Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert as stating that if his Kadima party wins the upcoming national elections, he would seek to set Israel's permanent borders by 2010, and that the boundary would run along or close to the barrier.[95] is the 68th day of the year (69th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The New York Times is a daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed internationally. ... Ehud Olmert (‎; Arabic: ‎; pronounced , born 30 September 1945) is the 12th and current Prime Minister of Israel. ... Kadima (Hebrew: קדימה, Forward) is a political party in Israel. ...


"Apartheid" opinions

Main article: Israel and the apartheid analogy

Some opponents of the barrier claim that building and maintaining the wall is a crime of apartheid,[96] isolating Palestinian communities in the West Bank and consolidating the annexation of Palestinian land by Israeli settlements. However, this is disputed by others.[97][98] The crime of apartheid is defined by the 2002 Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court which established the International Criminal Court as inhumane acts of a character similar to other crimes against humanity committed in the context of an institutionalised regime of systematic oppression and domination by one racial... Map of Israeli settlements (magenta) in the West Bank. ...


See also

View in 1986 from the west side of graffiti art on the walls infamous death strip Walls poster in memory of the fall. ... The Berm of Western Sahara (Also known as the Moroccan Wall) is an approximately 2,700 km-long defensive structure, mostly a sand wall (or berm), running through Western Sahara and the southeastern portion of Morocco. ... A Bremer wall is a term for the twelve-foot-high portable, steel-reinforced concrete walls used for blast protection throughout Iraq. ... Hafrada (הפרדה) is a Hebrew word that means separation. It is usually used in Israel in two contexts. ... Arguments about the applicability of various elements of international law underlie the debate around the Arab-Israeli conflict. ... tubgirl. ... - Fence barrier on the international bridge near McAllen, TX . ... The United States–Mexico barrier as seen from Tijuana, México The term Wall of Shame may be used to describe actual walls or barriers that bring shame upon the builders or others. ...

References

  1. ^ a b c d Israel High Court Ruling Docket H.C.J. 7957/04: International Legality of the Security Fence and Sections near Alfei Menashe. Supreme Court of Israel (September 15, 2005). Retrieved on 2007-04-16.
  2. ^ a b c Separation Barrier: Statistics. B'Tselem (January 2007). Retrieved on 2007-04-17.
  3. ^ Lazaroff, Tova (July 10, 2007). Fence to be completed only by 2010. The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved on 2007-07-10.
  4. ^ Questions and Answers. Israel’s Security Fence. The State of Israel (February 22, 2004). Retrieved on 2007-04-17. “The Security Fence is being built with the sole purpose of saving the lives of the Israeli citizens who continue to be targeted by the terrorist campaign that began in 2000. The fact that over 800 men, women and children have been killed in horrific suicide bombings and other terror attacks clearly justifies the attempt to place a physical barrier in the path of terrorists. It should be noted that terrorism has been defined throughout the international community as a crime against humanity. As such, the State of Israel not only has the right but also the obligation to do everything in its power to lessen the impact and scope of terrorism on the citizens of Israel.
  5. ^ a b Nissenbaum, Dion (January 10, 2007). Death toll of Israeli civilians killed by Palestinians hit a low in 2006. Washington Bureau. McClatchy Newspapers. Retrieved on 2007-04-16. “Israel's summer war with Hezbollah in the north and small rocket attacks from the Gaza Strip in the south have overshadowed a striking reality: Fewer Israeli civilians died in Palestinian attacks in 2006 than in any year since the Palestinian uprising began in 2000. Palestinian militants killed 23 Israelis and foreign visitors in 2006, down from a high of 289 in 2002 during the height of the uprising. Most significant, successful suicide bombings in Israel nearly came to a halt. Last year, only two Palestinian suicide bombers managed to sneak into Israel for attacks that killed 11 people and wounded 30 others. Israel has gone nearly nine months without a suicide bombing inside its borders, the longest period without such an attack since 2000.…An Israeli military spokeswoman said one major factor in that success had been Israel's controversial separation barrier, a still-growing 250-mile (400 km) network of concrete walls, high-tech fencing and other obstacles that cuts through parts of the West Bank. ‘The security fence was put up to stop terror, and that's what it's doing,’ said Capt. Noa Meir, a spokeswoman for the Israel Defense Forces.…Opponents of the wall grudgingly acknowledge that it's been effective in stopping bombers, though they complain that its route should have followed the border between Israel and the Palestinian territories known as the Green Line.
  6. ^ Galili, Lily; Roni Singer (November 13, 2005). Sen. Clinton: I support W. Bank fence, PA must fight terrorism. Haaretz. Retrieved on 2007-04-16. “U.S. Sen. Hillary Clinton said Sunday that she supports the separation fence Israel is building along the edges of the West Bank, and that the onus is on the Palestinian Authority to fight terrorism. ‘This is not against the Palestinian people,’ Clinton, a New York Democrat, said during a tour of a section of the barrier being built around Jerusalem. ‘This is against the terrorists. The Palestinian people have to help to prevent terrorism. They have to change the attitudes about terrorism.’ Clinton's comments echoed Israel's position that the Palestinians must crack down on militants or Israel will find ways to prevent attacks on its citizens.
  7. ^ a b Under the Guise of Security: Routing the Separation Barrier to Enable Israeli Settlement Expansion in the West Bank. Publications. B'Tselem (December 2005). Retrieved on 2007-04-16. “The fact that the Separation Barrier cuts into the West Bank was and remains the main cause of human rights violations of Palestinians living near the Barrier. Israel contends that the Barrier's route is based solely on security considerations. This report disputes that contention and proves that one of the primary reasons for choosing the route of many sections of the Barrier was to place certain areas intended for settlement expansion on the "Israeli" side of the Barrier. In some of the cases, for all intents and purposes the expansion constituted the establishment of a new settlement.
  8. ^ U.N. court rules West Bank barrier illegal. CNN (July 9, 2004). Retrieved on 2007-04-16. “The International Court of Justice has said the barrier Israel is building to seal off the West Bank violates international law because it infringes on the rights of Palestinians. In an advisory opinion issued Friday in The Hague, the U.N. court urged the Israelis to remove it from occupied land. The nonbinding opinion also found that Israel was obligated to return confiscated land or make reparations for any destruction or damage to homes, businesses and farms caused by the barrier's construction.
  9. ^ a b Bedell, Geraldine (June 15, 2003). Set in stone. The Guardian. Retrieved on 2007-04-16. “The Palestinian Authority, meanwhile, preoccupied with the road map and its own internal politics, ‘has neglected the wall,’ according to Jamal Juma. Yet the wall is crucial to the road map. At the very least, it is an attempt to preempt negotiations with a land grab that establishes new borders (and what the road map calls ‘facts on the ground’ that must be heeded). Arguably it is more devious: an attempt to undermine negotiations altogether - because what Palestinian Authority could sign up to the fragmented 'state' the wall will create?
  10. ^ Legal Consequences of the Construction of a Wall in the Occupied Palestinian Territory: Advisory Opinion. Cases. International Court of Justice (July 9, 2004). Archived from the original on 2004-07-04. Retrieved on 2007-04-16.
  11. ^ a b Building the Ghetto Wall of Auschwitz. Media Releases - June 2002. Women In Green (June 21, 2002). Retrieved on 2007-04-16. “Women In Green will demonstrate at the Rose Garden in Jerusalem during the time the Cabinet is in session on Sunday, June 23, 2002 at 9 A.M. against the building of a ghetto wall in the heartland of historic Israel. The futile act is one that disgraces the dignity and nobility of the Jewish People, and makes a mockery of its basic national aspirations. Such a wall or fence will not provide the security that it is supposed to bring. The Arabs who live in our midst have to make an immediate decision. Either they wish to live in peace amongst us, or they must leave and return to the surrounding Arab countries from which they emigrated to the Promised Land. It is the whole Arab populace that delights in murder and mayhem, and have done so for the years that they have been here. They can no longer extol those who murder and are suicide bombers, and U.S. President Bush, or anyone else should not have double standards, and have Israel tolerate the hostile positions of the Arabs. The Land of Israel belongs to the Jewish People as the Bible and the God of Israel has indicated. If the Arabs wish to live in a Jewish State under Israel sovereignty, they must do so in a peaceful and tolerant manner.
  12. ^ http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-3072620,00.html
  13. ^ (Mohammed Abed/AFP/Getty) (January 24, 2008). Hamas 'spent months cutting through Gaza wall in secret operation' (HTML). pub. Retrieved on 2008-03-15.
  14. ^ The apartheid wall. Al Jazeera (December 08, 2003). Retrieved on 2007-04-16.
  15. ^ Legal Consequences of the Construction of a Wall in the Occupied Palestinian Territory: Advisory Opinion. Cases. International Court of Justice (July 9, 2004). Archived from the original on 2004-07-04. Retrieved on 2007-04-16.
  16. ^ Israel and the Palestinians: Key terms (HTML). BBC News (Thursday, 12 October 2006, 13:58 GMT 14:58 UK). Retrieved on 2008-03-15. “BBC journalists should try to avoid using terminology favoured by one side or another in any dispute. The BBC uses the terms "barrier", "separation barrier" or "West Bank barrier" as acceptable generic descriptions to avoid the political connotations of "security fence" (preferred by the Israeli government) or "apartheid wall" (preferred by the Palestinians).”
  17. ^ a b c d Makovsky, David (March/April 2004). "How to Build a Fence". Foreign Affairs 83 (2): 50–64. ISSN 0015-7120. Retrieved on 2007-04-16. 
  18. ^ Ratner, David (February 12, 2002). Gilboa towns build DIY separation fence. Haaretz. Retrieved on 2007-04-16. “Residents in the Gilboa region waited two years for a separation fence to be built. Now, after having sent repeated entreaties to the government and having received assorted, unfulfilled promises, they have decided to ‘take the law into their own hands,’ and build the fence themselves.
  19. ^ Natan Sharansky: The Case for Democracy p.214
  20. ^ Palestinians: Israel hands out land confiscation notices. CNN (November 7, 2003). Retrieved on 2007-04-16. “The West Bank barrier generally runs close to the pre-1967 Mideast war border -- the so-called Green Line -- but dips into the West Bank to include some Jewish settlements. Israel says a new section will extend deep into the West Bank, surrounding several West Bank towns.
  21. ^ February 2005 barrier projections - Preliminary analysis of humanitarian implications- OCHA report, maps (8 March 2005)
  22. ^ The Avalon Project : Jordanian-Israeli General Armistice Agreement, April 3, 1949
  23. ^ Map of the Israeli security Fence - Updated Status and Evolution
  24. ^ http://www.arij.org/paleye/Segregation-Wall/7.5%20The%20full%20extent%20of%20the%20segregation%20Zones%20in%20the%20West%20Bank.pdf
  25. ^ JURIST - Paper Chase: Israel cabinet approves changes to security fence route
  26. ^ http://www.seamzone.mod.gov.il/Pages/ENG/images/Seamzone_map_eng.jpg
  27. ^ http://www.ochaopt.org/documents/WB_Barrier_Overview_Changes_July06.pdf
  28. ^ Israel Security Fence - Ministry of Defense
  29. ^ OPERATIONAL CONCEPT (HTML). The State of Israel (31.01.07). Retrieved on 2008-03-15. “Solid barrier system ... main purpose is to prevent sniper fire into Israel and on major highways and roads. In this case, a solid concrete wall resembling a highway sound barrier often used in the US and Europe is erected. Once the whole project is completed, the portion of the concrete sections will be 6%, approximately 30 km.”
  30. ^ Researched and written by Yehezkel Lein (April 2003). Behind The Barrier : Human Rights Violations As a Result of Israel's Separation Barrier (PDF). B’Tselem. Retrieved on 2008-03-15. “The average width of the barrier complex is sixty meters. Due to topographic constraints, a narrower barrier will be erected in some areas and will not include all of the elements that support the electronic fence. However, as the state indicated to the High Court of Justice, “in certain cases, the barrier will reach a width of one hundred meters due to the topographic conditions.””
  31. ^ http://securityfence.mfa.gov.il/mfm/Data/48152.doc
  32. ^ [1][dead links]
  33. ^ http://www.terrorism-info.org.il/malam_multimedia/English/eng_n/html/ct_250308e.htm
  34. ^ Is the fence effective?. Israel’s Security Fence: Questions and Answers. The State of Israel (February 22, 2004). Retrieved on 2007-04-20. “Members of Palestinian terror infrastructure caught and questioned disclosed the fact that the existence of the Security Fence in the Samaria area forces them to find of other means to perform terror attacks since their previous entry to Israel is blocked.
  35. ^ Amos Hrel (2006). Shin Bet: Palestinian truce main cause for reduced terror. Haaretz. Retrieved on 2007-08-11.
  36. ^ http://www.haaretzdaily.com/hasen/pages/ShArt.jhtml?itemNo=632264
  37. ^ http://www.terrorism-info.org.il/malam_multimedia/English/eng_n/html/ct_250308e.htm
  38. ^ a b The Humanitarian Impact of the West Bank Barrier on Palestinian Communities (PDF). United Nations (March, 2005 Update 5). Retrieved on 2008-03-15.
  39. ^ a b c Q&A: What is the West Bank barrier? (HTML). BBC News (Thursday, 15 September 2005, 16:51 GMT 17:51 UK). Retrieved on 2008-03-15. “The solid section around the Palestinian town of Qalqilya is conceived as a "sniper wall" to prevent gun attacks against Israeli motorists on the nearby Trans-Israel Highway.”
  40. ^ http://www.washingtontimes.com/world/20040624-112922-9037r.htm
  41. ^ The Israeli Government's Official Website, by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs
  42. ^ Variables.theArticle:headline | Jerusalem Post
  43. ^ http://www.humanitarianinfo.org/opt/docs/UN/OCHA/ochaHU0805_En.pdf
  44. ^ [http Palestinians: Israel hands out land confiscation notices] (HTML). CNN News (Friday, November 7, 2003 Posted: 0332 GMT (11:32 AM HKT)). Retrieved on 2008-03-15.
  45. ^ HEPG (March 2004). The Impact of Israel’s Separation Barrier on Affected West Bank Communities (HTML). Humanitarian Emergency Policy Group (HEPG). Retrieved on 2008-03-15. “In preparation of the new route of the Barrier in Nazlat Isa, the IDF demolished more than 120 shops during August 2003. A second demolition of 82 shops was completed by the IDF in January 2003. Storeowners were given as little as 30 minutes to evacuate their premises before the demolitions started. Apart from Tulkarm town, Nazlat Isa was the main commercial centre for the Tulkarm area and was heavily dependent on commerce with Israel.”
  46. ^ JAMES BENNET (01/22/03). Israel Destroys Arabs´ Shops in West Bank (NY TIMES)JERUSALEM, ISRAEL) (HTML). NYTimes. Retrieved on 2008-03-15. “Jan. 21 — The Israeli Army used bulldozers to flatten dozens of shops today in one of the only thriving Palestinian commercial centers near the West Bank boundary, saying that the store owners lacked permits.”
  47. ^ MIFTAH-Bad Fences Make Bad Neighbors – Part V: Focus on Zayta
  48. ^ http://www.palestinemonitor.org/factsheet/wall_fact_sheet.htm
  49. ^ Saving Lives- Israel's anti-terrorist fence - FAQ
  50. ^ Barrier 'harms West Bank health' (HTML). BBC News (Tuesday, 15 February, 2005, 17:26 GMT). Retrieved on 2008-03-17.
  51. ^ Deborah Cohen (2005;330:381 (19 February)). Barrier in West Bank threatens residents' health care, says report (HTML). BMJ Publishing Group Ltd.. Retrieved on 2008-03-17. “In Abu Dis and Aizaria, two Palestinian towns where the barrier has already been completed, the average time for an ambulance to travel to the nearest hospitals in Jerusalem has increased from about 10 minutes to over one hour and 50 minutes, according to the report. Mr Garrigue says that once the barrier is completed this problem will affect many more villages.”
  52. ^ Ibrahim Habib (Thursday, October 20, 2005 10:02:00 AM). A Wall in the Heart - The Separation Barrier and its Impact on the Right to Health and on Palestinian Hospitals in East Jerusalem (Word DOC). Physicians for Human Rights-Israel. Retrieved on 2008-03-17.
  53. ^ Israel’s Security Fence (Jewish Virtual Library)
  54. ^ Israel's ambassador defends security fence by Daniel Ayalon (The Washington Times) August 26, 2003
  55. ^ Bulletin on November 11, PIJ leader Abdallah Ramadan Shalah interview to Al-Manar TV (Intelligence and Terrorism Information Center at the Center for Special Studies (C.S.S)). November 15, 2006
  56. ^ http://www.terrorism-info.org.il/malam_multimedia/English/eng_n/html/ct_250308e.htm
  57. ^ a b Internet Archive Wayback Machine
  58. ^ MIFTAH (January 31, 2003). The so-called ‘Security Wall’ (HTML). pub. Retrieved on 2008-03-17.
  59. ^ Israel's Wall (PDF). Negotiations Affairs Department (NAD)- PLO (July 9, 2005). Retrieved on 2008-03-17.
  60. ^ We are no longer able to see the sun set (HTML). pub (7 - 13 July 2005). Retrieved on 2008-03-17. “In the town of Jayyus, in the Qalqilya Governorate, the Israeli military opens the check-point briefly. An Israeli military sign in Arabic announces the check-point is open from 7:40 to 8:00, 14:00 to 14:15, and 18:45-19:00, only 50 minutes a day.”
  61. ^ a b B'Tselem (2007). Separation Barrier (HTML). B'Tselem. Retrieved on 2008-03-17. “The harm to the farming sector is liable to have drastic economic effects on the residents - whose economic situation is already very difficult - and drive many families into poverty.”
  62. ^ Israel barrier 'hurting farmers' (HTML). BBC News (Tuesday, 21 March 2006, 19:03 GMT). Retrieved on 2008-03-17. “A UN report into the humanitarian impact of Israel's West Bank barrier says it has caused widespread losses to Palestinian farmers.”
  63. ^ Microsoft Word - 04020560.A28
  64. ^ Microsoft Word - 04079570.A14
  65. ^ ICJ advisory opinion summary/ Separation barrier - Summary - Press release (9 July 2004)
  66. ^ Peace Index / Most Israelis support the fence, despite Palestinian suffering - Haaretz - Israel News
  67. ^ Peace Now : Opinions > Peace Now Positions
  68. ^ AATW - Anarchists against the wall
  69. ^ Gush Shalom - Israeli Peace Bloc
  70. ^ Israeli fence puts 'cage' on villagers / More Palestinians scrambling to keep barrier from going up
  71. ^ http://www.haaretzdaily.com/hasen/pages/ShArt.jhtml?itemNo=248438
  72. ^ http://web.amnesty.org/library/index/engmde150162004
  73. ^ President Bush Commends Israeli Prime Minister Sharon's Plan
  74. ^ Bush and Sharon: Much ado about more than nothing - a commented celebrity scrapbook
  75. ^ U.S. vetoes U.N. resolution on Israeli wall. St. Petersburg Times (October 15, 2003). Retrieved on 2007-05-21.
  76. ^ a b International Court of Justice (December 19, 2003). [http://domino.un.org/unispal.nsf/2ee9468747556b2d85256cf60060d2a6/7112c39bf71fe0c485256e010075307d!OpenDocument Legal Consequences of the Construction of a Wall in the Occupied Palestinian Territory]. UNISPAL. Retrieved on 2007-05-21.
  77. ^ Legal Consequences of the Construction of a Wall in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, International Court of Justice Advisory Opinion, July 9, 2004.
  78. ^ a b UN Assembly votes overwhelmingly to demand Israel comply with ICJ ruling. United Nations News Centre (July 20, 2004). Retrieved on 2007-05-21.
  79. ^ UN demands Israel scrap barrier. BBC (July 21, 2004). Retrieved on 2007-05-21.
  80. ^ Red Cross slams Israel barrier (HTML). BBC News (Wednesday, 18 February, 2004, 10:12 GMT). Retrieved on 2008-03-17.
  81. ^ [2] Human Rights Watch
  82. ^ [3] Amnesty International
  83. ^ [4] Amnesty International
  84. ^ http://www.eappi.org/pressreleasesen.nsf/index/pu-04-11.html
  85. ^ George Bush (12:05 P.M. EDT July 25, 2003). President Bush Welcomes Prime Minister Abbas to White House Remarks by President Bush and Prime Minister Abbas (HTML). US White House. Retrieved on 2008-03-15.
  86. ^ George Bush (11:31 A.M. EDT May 26, 2005). President Welcomes Palestinian President Abbas to the White House (HTML). US White House. Retrieved on 2008-03-15.
  87. ^ Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade: Canadian policy on key issues in the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (HTML). Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade - Canadian Government (2007-07-04). Retrieved on 2008-03-17.
  88. ^ Banksy - Outdoors
  89. ^ In pictures: Banksy returns to Bethlehem (HTML). BBC News (Monday, 3 December 2007, 17:45 GMT). Retrieved on 2008-03-15.
  90. ^ Waters writes on West Bank wall (HTML). BBC News (Thursday, 22 June 2006, 09:15 GMT 10:15 UK). Retrieved on 2008-03-15.
  91. ^ Lobe, Jim (2003-12-20). US Peace Activists Denounce Sharon's Speech. Inter Press Service. Retrieved on 2008-03-18.
  92. ^ a b McGreal, Chris (October 18, 2005). Israel redraws the roadmap, building quietly and quickly. The Guardian. Retrieved on 2007-04-16.
  93. ^ Realities on the Ground (HTML). miftah (July 22, 2005). Retrieved on 2008-03-17.
  94. ^ Yossi Klein Halevi (10.30.03). Fenced In (HTML). The New Republic. Retrieved on 2008-03-17.
  95. ^ GREG MYRE (March 9, 2006). Olmert Wants to Set Israeli-Palestinian Border by 2010 (HTML). New York Times. Retrieved on 2008-03-17. “Ehud Olmert, said that if his Kadima Party wins national elections this month, he would seek to set Israel's permanent borders by 2010, and that the boundary would run along or close to Israel's separation barrier in the West Bank.”
  96. ^ AHMAD HAJIHOSSEINI (14/10/2003). Press Release SC/7895 Security Council 4841st Meeting (AM) (HTML). United Nations. Retrieved on 2008-03-17. “AHMAD HAJIHOSSEINI, Observer for the Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC), said the form of apartheid Israel practised against Palestinians fulfilled all elements of the crime as defined under the 1976 apartheid Convention.”
  97. ^ Rufin, Jean-Christophe. "Chantier sur la lutte contre le racisme et l'antisémitisme", presented on October 19, 2004. Cited in Matas, David. Aftershock: Anti-Zionism and anti-Semitism. Dundurn, 2005, p. 54 and p. 243, footnotes 59 and 60.
  98. ^ Matas, David. Aftershock: Anti-Zionism and anti-Semitism. Dundurn, 2005, pp. 53-55.

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Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 106th day of the year (107th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article refers to the news department of the British Broadcasting Corporation, for the BBC News Channel see BBC News (TV channel). ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 74th day of the year (75th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about a journal. ... ISSN, or International Standard Serial Number, is the unique eight-digit number applied to a periodical publication including electronic serials. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 106th day of the year (107th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 43rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... Haaretz (Hebrew: (help· info), The Land) is an Israeli newspaper, founded in 1919. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 106th day of the year (107th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Case for Democracy (2004, ISBN 1586482610) is a foreign policy manifesto written by former Soviet political prisoner and current Israeli Member of the Knesset (MK), Natan Sharansky. ... The Cable News Network, commonly known as CNN, is a major cable television network founded in 1980 by Ted Turner. ... is the 311th day of the year (312th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 106th day of the year (107th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 74th day of the year (75th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 74th day of the year (75th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Anthem: Hatikvah (The Hope) Capital  Jerusalem Largest city Jerusalem Official languages Hebrew, Arabic Government Parliamentary democracy  - President Moshe Katsav1  - Prime Minister Ehud Olmert  - Knesset Speaker Dalia Itzik Independence from the League of Nations mandate administered by the United Kingdom   - Declaration 14 May 1948 (05 Iyar 5708)  Area  - Total 20,770... is the 53rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 110th day of the year (111th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 223rd day of the year (224th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... UN redirects here. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 74th day of the year (75th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article refers to the news department of the British Broadcasting Corporation, for the BBC News Channel see BBC News (TV channel). ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 74th day of the year (75th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... CNN or Cable News Network is a cable television network that was founded in 1980 by Ted Turner & Reese Schonfeld [1] [2] (although he currently is not recognized in CNNs official history). ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 74th day of the year (75th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 74th day of the year (75th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 74th day of the year (75th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article refers to the news department of the British Broadcasting Corporation, for the BBC News Channel see BBC News (TV channel). ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 76th day of the year (77th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 76th day of the year (77th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 76th day of the year (77th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Jewish Virtual Library is an online encyclopedia published by the American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise (AICE), notable for its strong pro-Israel views. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 76th day of the year (77th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... PLO redirects here. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 76th day of the year (77th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 76th day of the year (77th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... JENIN Jenin TULKARM Tulkarm Tubas NABLUS Nablus Shomron Qalqilya QALQILYA Salfit ARIEL RAMALLAH Ramallah and Al-Bireh Matte Binyamin MODIIN ILLIT JERICHO Biqat HaYarden Jericho MAALE ADUMMIM JERUSALEM Jerusalem BETAR ILLIT BETHLEHEM Gush Etzion Bethlehem Megilot HEBRON Hebron Har Hebron YATTA The Qalqilya Governorate (Arabic: ) is an... BTselem (Hebrew: , in the image of, as in Genesis 1:27) is an Israeli non-governmental organization (NGO) that describes itself as The Israeli Information Center for Human Rights in the Occupied Territories. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 76th day of the year (77th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article refers to the news department of the British Broadcasting Corporation, for the BBC News Channel see BBC News (TV channel). ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 76th day of the year (77th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 141st day of the year (142nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... See also International Commission of Jurists Peace Palace, seat of the ICJ. Org type Principal Organ Acronyms ICJ, CIJ Head President of the ICJ Dame Rosalyn Higgins DBE Status Active Established 1945 Website www. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 141st day of the year (142nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 190th day of the year (191st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... UN redirects here. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 141st day of the year (142nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 141st day of the year (142nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article refers to the news department of the British Broadcasting Corporation, for the BBC News Channel see BBC News (TV channel). ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 76th day of the year (77th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Human Rights Watch Banner Human Rights Watch is a United States-based international non-government organization that conducts research and advocacy on human rights. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Amnesty international Amnesty International (commonly known as Amnesty or AI) is an international non-governmental organization which defines its mission as to undertake research and action focused on preventing and ending grave abuses of the rights to physical and mental integrity, freedom of conscience... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Amnesty international Amnesty International (commonly known as Amnesty or AI) is an international non-governmental organization which defines its mission as to undertake research and action focused on preventing and ending grave abuses of the rights to physical and mental integrity, freedom of conscience... For other uses, see White House (disambiguation). ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 74th day of the year (75th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see White House (disambiguation). ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 74th day of the year (75th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Canadian Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade (DFAIT) was among the most powerful departments of the Government of Canada. ... The Canadian Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade (DFAIT) was among the most powerful departments of the Government of Canada. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 76th day of the year (77th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article refers to the news department of the British Broadcasting Corporation, for the BBC News Channel see BBC News (TV channel). ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 74th day of the year (75th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article refers to the news department of the British Broadcasting Corporation, for the BBC News Channel see BBC News (TV channel). ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 74th day of the year (75th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 354th day of the year (355th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 77th day of the year (78th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Chris McGreal is a reporter for The Guardian who frequently covers Middle East issues. ... is the 291st day of the year (292nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Guardian. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 106th day of the year (107th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 76th day of the year (77th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see New Republic. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 76th day of the year (77th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 76th day of the year (77th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... UN redirects here. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 76th day of the year (77th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 292nd day of the year (293rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... David Matas (b. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Israeli West Bank barrier

General news resources

  • The Barrier on a KML google-earth file
  • Barrier routePDF (2.10 MB), by Betselem
  • Barrier Gates: Northern West Bank (map)PDF (1.21 MB).
  • Compilation of articles about the fence from Ha'aretz
  • Q&A: What is the West Bank barrier? BBC News special feature
  • Guide to the West Bank barrier BBC News
  • Israeli city says barrier is 'working' BBC News
  • Bitter Lemons Edition with Israeli and Palestinian views on the Separation Barrier
  • Israel annexes land from West Bank using the 'Separation Wall' further impedes peace process.

“PDF” redirects here. ... BTselem (Hebrew בצלם, in the image of, as in Genesis 1:27)_ The Israeli Information Center for Human Rights in the Occupied Territories was founded in 1989 by a group of Israeli public figures, attorneys, academics, journalists, and Members of Knesset. ... “PDF” redirects here. ... Haaretz (הארץ, The Land) is an Israeli newspaper, founded in 1919. ... This article refers to the news department of the British Broadcasting Corporation, for the BBC News Channel see BBC News (TV channel). ... This article refers to the news department of the British Broadcasting Corporation, for the BBC News Channel see BBC News (TV channel). ... This article refers to the news department of the British Broadcasting Corporation, for the BBC News Channel see BBC News (TV channel). ...

Israeli government and courts

  • Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs Anti-Terrorist Fence Homepage
  • Israel Ministry of Defense Security Fence Homepage
  • 2004 Israeli Supreme Court ruling (RTF format)
  • 2005 Israeli Supreme Court ruling
  • Full text of Israel's document as presented to the ICJPDF (1.67 MB)
  • Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs Statement on ICJ Advisory Opinion
  • Unofficial Summary of State of Israel's Response regarding the Security Fence

“PDF” redirects here. ...

United Nations and International Court of Justice rulings

  • ICJ Advisory Opinion, as well as separate opinions of some judges.
  • Compilation of UN documents relating to the barrier.
  • UN OCHA Humanitarian Information Centre in the occupied Palestinian territory reports, analysis, detailed maps.
  • Commission on Human Rights: Report on 61st sessionPDF (2.25 MB).

“PDF” redirects here. ...

Links to articles opposing the Barrier

  • Gush Shalom site about the Separation Wall
  • B'Tselem (Israeli Information Center for Human Rights in the Occupied Territories) page about the Separation Barrier
  • Machsom Watch daily reports on checkpoints in the barrier
  • Anarchists against the Wall
  • International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement statement on the West Bank barrier
  • A Wall as a Weapon OpEd by Noam Chomsky, originally published in The New York Times
  • Electronic Intifada
  • Palestinian grassroots Anti-Apartheid Wall Campaign
  • Video of Wall and Fence, and walking through a checkpoint at the Qalandiya Checkpoint Nov 2004 produced by filmmaker and journalist Ray Hanania
  • A Public Service announcement (60 seconds) on the Wall produced by filmmaker and journalists Ray Hanania

Machsom Watch, or Checkpoint Watch (also Women for Human Rights), is a group of Israeli women who monitor iraqi human-rights at Israeli checkpoints. ... Red Cross redirects here. ... Avram Noam Chomsky (born December 7, 1928) is an American linguist, philosopher, political activist, author and lecturer. ... The New York Times is a daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed internationally. ...

Links to articles in favor of the barrier

  • Not an "Apartheid Wall" on HonestReporting.com
  • Background Info: The Security Fence on imra.org.il
  • Is Israel's Security Barrier Unique? article by Ben Thein in Middle East Quarterly
  • Research articles on the ICJ decision
  • Reply to the ICJ Advisory OpinionPDF (2.29 MB), detailed 193 page book supporting a position in favor of the barrier.
  • "How I Learned to Love the Wall" Irshad Manji, The New York Times March 18, 2006
  • You Are Judging and I Am Burying My Husband by Fanny Haim (Yediot Ahronot), February 23, 2004
  • Israel's Security Fence on Jewish Virtual Library
  • StandWithUs In-depth brochure with pictures, polls, reports, statsPDF (2.83 MB)
  • Fence for Life Public Movement for The Security Fence
  • IsraCast: THE HAGUE HEARING -Exclusive Interview --Legal Advisor Daniel Taub: 'The International Court Is Trying Victims Of Terror And Not Terrorists'
  • Statement by Daniel Taub, Director, General Law Division, Ministry of Foreign Affairs at Press Conference of Israeli Delegation 23 February 2004, Israeli demonstrators at The Hague carry pictures of victims of Palestinian terror
  • The Controversial Fence
“PDF” redirects here. ... Irshad Manji (born 1968) is a Canadian Muslim feminist, author, journalist, activist and professor of leadership. ... The New York Times is a daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed internationally. ... The Jewish Virtual Library is an online encyclopedia published by the American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise (AICE), notable for its strong pro-Israel views. ... Organization logo StandWithUs is a pro-Israel advocacy organization based in Los Angeles. ... “PDF” redirects here. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
BBC NEWS | World | Middle East | Q&A: What is the West Bank barrier? (1174 words)
Palestinian land is confiscated to build the barrier; hundreds of Palestinian farmers and traders are cut off from their land and means of economic survival.
Palestinians say a fence around the entire West Bank might have shown the Israeli government was serious about ending the occupation - the minimum requirement for a fair resolution of the conflict as far as Palestinians are concerned.
Israeli officials say there is nothing to prevent the fence from being moved after a negotiated settlement.
The Wall - Background (2582 words)
The Israeli West Bank Barrier (also called the "West Bank Security Fence" by its supporters, or "West Bank Wall" by its opponents) is a physical barrier consisting of a network of fences, walls, and trenches, which is being constructed by Israel.
Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak, prior to the Camp David 2000 Summit with Yasser Arafat, vowed to build a separation barrier, stating that it is "essential to the Palestinian nation in order to foster its national identity and independence without being dependent on the State of Israel".
In particular, Israeli cabinet members said modifications would be made to reduce the number of checkpoints Palestinians had to cross, and especially to reduce Palestinian hardship in areas such as Qalqilya where the barrier goes very near, and in some cases nearly encircles, populated areas.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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