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Encyclopedia > Israeli National Security Council

The Israeli National Security Council (Hebrew: המועצה לביטחון לאומי) is a council established by the Prime Minister's Office in 1999 during the prime ministership of Binyamin Netanyahu in the framework of drawing lessons from the Yom Kipur War. The Council draws its authority from the government and operates according to guidelines from the Prime Minister. A National Security Council is an executive body which coordinates national security issues and typically includes the heads of departments involved in diplomacy and defense with a small staff. ... Hebrew (עִבְרִית ‘Ivrit) is a Semitic language of the Afro-Asiatic language family spoken by more than seven million people in Israel and Jewish communities around the world. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... Benjamin Netanyahu (also Binyamin, and in Israel commonly Bibi) (Hebrew: בנימין נתניהו) (born October 21, 1949, Tel Aviv) was the 9th Prime Minister of Israel. ... The Yom Kippur War (also known as the 1973 Arab-Israeli War, the October War and Ramadan War), was fought from October 6 (the day of Yom Kippur) to October 22/24, 1973, between Israel and a coalition of Egypt and Syria. ...

Among the Council's functions are: strategic advisement to the Prime Minister, offering security recommendations to the government, joint direction and coordinations of the security arms as well as inspection and supervision of decision-making related to the security bodies. Other functions include long-term planning of security approaches, and maintaining cooperative and coordinative relations with the national security elements of selected countries. The Israeli Security Forces (ISF) are several organizations collectively responsible for Israels security. ...

The Council is comprised of five different wings: security policy (headed by the Deputy Prime Minister), foreign policy, society and infrastructure policy, counter-terrorism, and organization and operations. It has two advisors: legal and financial.

The Council's work and even its location are considered secret, and are undertaken outside the public's eye. Its authority is vague and the Prime Minister is not obligated to accept its recommendations, unlike with those of the Attorney General, for example. In the case where the Prime Minister lacks confidance in the Council head, this will result in the latter's resignation, since it is considered a trust-based position. The first three Council heads did not serve their full terms, which attests to the problematic nature of the position. In most common law jurisdictions, the Attorney General is the main legal adviser to the government, and in some jurisdictions may in addition have executive responsibility for law enforcement or responsibility for public prosecutions. ...

Among the issues which the Council engaged were the planning of the West Bank barrier and supervision over its implementation, helping to forge the Gaza disengagement plan as well as the agreement with Egypt over the Philadelphi Route. The barrier route as of May 2005. ... A map illustrating the four phases of the Gaza disengagement plan. ... The Philadelphi Route (corridor / buffer zone) was an IDF code name for the strip of land along the border between Egypt and the Gaza Strip. ...

Council heads



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