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Encyclopedia > Israel and the United Nations
Israel

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Israel
Image File history File links COA_of_Israel. ... Politics of Israel takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the Prime Minister of Israel is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. ...



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Israel and the United Nations have had mixed relations since Israel's founding on May 14, 1948. Much of the controversy has to do with the various permutations of the Arab-Israeli conflict (including the Israeli-Palestinian conflict). Other issues arise from time to time. The Basic Laws of Israel are a key component of Israels uncodified constitution. The State of Israel has no formal constitution. ... The Jerusalem Law is a common name of Basic Law: Jerusalem, Capital of Israel passed by the Israeli Knesset on July 30, 1980 (17th Av, 5740). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... President of the State of Israel (Hebrew: ‎, Nesí Hamdiná, literally: The President of the State) is the Head of State of Israel, but has a largely ceremonial, figurehead role with real power lying in the hands of the Prime Minister of Israel. ... Dalia Itzik (b. ... The Prime Minister of Israel (Hebrew: ראש הממשלה, Rosh HaMemshala, lit. ... Ehud Olmert (IPA ; Hebrew: אהוד אולמרט; born September 30, 1945) is the 12th and current Prime Minister of Israel. ... The Cabinet of Israel is a formal body comprised of government officials chosen and led by a Prime Minister. ... Israel The power of the Knesset to supervise and review government policies and operations is exercised mainly through the state controller, also known as the ombudsman or ombudswoman (Hebrew: מבקר המדינה Mevaker HaMedina. ... The modern Knesset building, Israels parliament, in Jerusalem Though similar-sounding, Beit Knesset (בית כנסת) literally means House of Assembly, and refers to a synagogue. ... List of Speakers of the Knesset, the Israeli parliament: Joseph Shprinzak (Mapai) 1949-59 Nahum Nir (Ahdut Haavodah) 1959 Kadish Luz (Mapai, Alignment)1959-69 Reuven Barkat (Alignment) 1969-72 Yisrael Yeshayahu-Sharabi (Alignment) 1972-77 Yitzhak Shamir (Likud) 1977-80 Yitzhak Berman (Likud) 1980-81 Menachem... Dalia Itzik (b. ... Members of the 17th Knesset (elected 2006), upon inauguration 1Reichman has announced he intends to step down as Member of Knesset, following the agreement between Kadima and Labour, granting the latter the Ministry of Education as part of the new government. ... Elections in Israel gives information on election and election results in Israel. ... Elections for the 16th Knesset were held in Israel on 28 January 2003. ... The Elections for the 17th Knesset were held in Israel on 28 March 2006. ... Political parties in Israel: Israels political system is based on proportional representation which allows for a multi-party system with numerous parties, in which a single party usually has no chance of gaining power by itself, forcing the parties to cooperate and form coalition governments. ... Knesset Elections Law is crucial legal document governing the process of elections in the Israeli federal parliament or the Knesset. ... Judicial branch is an independent branch of the government which includes secular and religious courts. ... The Supreme Court (Hebrew: בית המשפט העליון, Beit Hamishpat Haelyon ) is at the head of the court system in the State of Israel. ... Map of the districts of Israel There are six main districts of Israel, known in Hebrew as mehozot (מחוזות; singular: mahoz) and fifteen sub-districts known as nafot (נפות; singular: nafa). ... The Israeli Ministry of Interior recognizes three types of local government in Israel: cities, regional councils, and local councils. ... In Israel, a local council is a locality similar to a city in structure and way of life, that has not yet achieved a status of a city, which requires a minimum number of residents, among other things. ... High priorities in the foreign policy of Israel include seeking an end to hostilities with Arab forces, against which it has fought six wars since 1948 and gaining wide acceptance as a sovereign state with an important international role. ... The accession of Israel to the European Union refers to a possible future development in the EU-Israel relations. ... The Israeli-Palestinian conflict, a part of the greater Arab-Israeli conflict, is an ongoing dispute between the State of Israel and Palestinian people. ... Combatants Arab nations Israel Arab-Israeli conflict series History of the Arab-Israeli conflict Views of the Arab-Israeli conflict International law and the Arab-Israeli conflict Arab-Israeli conflict facts, figures, and statistics Participants Israeli-Palestinian conflict · Israel-Lebanon conflict · Arab League · Soviet Union / Russia · Israel and the United... Arguments about the applicability of various elements of international law underlie the debate around the Arab-Israeli conflict. ... From the time it was established in March 1945, the Arab League took an active role in the Arab-Israeli conflict. ... Information on politics by country is available for every country, including both de jure and de facto independent states, inhabited dependent territories, as well as areas of special sovereignty. ... The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate cooperation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. ... May 14 is the 134th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (135th in leap years). ... Year 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1948 calendar). ... Combatants Arab nations Israel Arab-Israeli conflict series History of the Arab-Israeli conflict Views of the Arab-Israeli conflict International law and the Arab-Israeli conflict Arab-Israeli conflict facts, figures, and statistics Participants Israeli-Palestinian conflict · Israel-Lebanon conflict · Arab League · Soviet Union / Russia · Israel and the United... The Israeli-Palestinian conflict, a part of the greater Arab-Israeli conflict, is an ongoing dispute between the State of Israel and Palestinian people. ...

Contents

History

Both the League of Nations's 1922 Mandate for Palestine and the 1947 UN Partition Plan supported an aim of Zionism: the establishment of a Jewish national homeland in Palestine. Map showing the 1947 UN partition plan for Palestine Copyright: GFDL derivative work created by the uploader based on a portion of the public domain work http://www. ... Map showing the 1947 UN partition plan for Palestine Copyright: GFDL derivative work created by the uploader based on a portion of the public domain work http://www. ... (Redirected from 1947 Partition plan for Palestine) Map showing the UN Partition Plan. ... The League of Nations was an international organization founded after the Paris Peace Conference, 1919. ... The Palestine Mandate: The Council of the League of Nations: July 24, 1922. ... On 29 November 1947 the United Nations Partition Plan for Palestine or United Nations General Assembly Resolution 181, a plan to resolve the Arab-Israeli conflict in the British Mandate of Palestine, was approved by the United Nations General Assembly, at the UN World Headquarters in New York. ... Zionism is a political movement that supports a homeland for the Jewish people in the Land of Israel, where Jewish nationhood is thought to have evolved somewhere between 1200 BCE and late Second Temple times,[1][2] and where Jewish kingdoms existed up to the 2nd century CE. Zionism is... For other uses, see Jew (disambiguation). ... The Holy Land or Palestine Showing not only the Old of Judea and Israel but also the 12 Tribes Distinctly, and Confirming Even the Diversity of the Locations of their Ancient Positions and Doing So as the Holy Scriptures Indicate, a geographic map from the studio of Tobiae Conradi Lotter...


The UN General Assembly Resolution 181 (November 29, 1947), which served as the foundation for the Israeli Declaration of Independence, with Jerusalem to be an internationalised city (Corpus separatum), was passed by the General Assembly with 33 votes in favor, 13 against, and 10 abstentions. It was the first and only time the United Nations has recommended creating two states by way of a General Assembly vote. Map showing the UN Partition Plan. ... November 29 is the 333rd (in leap years the 334th) day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1947 calendar). ... The Declaration of the Establishment of the State of Israel, May 14, 1948 David Ben Gurion (First Prime Minister of Israel) publicly pronouncing the Declaration of the State of Israel, May 14, 1948. ... Corpus separatum means a divided body in Latin, it is used to describe cities that are split in two such as Jerusalem. ... United Nations General Assembly The United Nations General Assembly is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations. ...


By 1947, Jews constituted 60% of the population in the areas designated to the Jewish state by the partition; while the total territory assigned to the Jewish state exceeded proportionally the land allotted to the Arabs (not taking to account the massive wave of Jewish immigrants and refugees soon to come), a substantial part of the former was the Negev desert. Substantial Jewish immigration, whose quantity was determined by the British government, had increased the proportion of Jewish inhabitants of Palestine from 11% in 1922 to 33%. The term Jewish state is sometimes used to describe the State of Israel and refers to its status as a nation-state for the Jewish people. ... For other uses, see Arab (disambiguation). ... The Negev (נגב, Standard Hebrew Négev / Nágev, Tiberian Hebrew Néḡeḇ / Nāḡeḇ; Arabic النقب an-Naqab) is the desert region of southern Israel. ...


The Israeli prime minister David Ben Gurion, among some Jewish leaders agreed to the plan, but the Zionist right, a minority, did not. The Palestinians rejected the partition plan and the war that followed ended in the disaster. [http://mondediplo.com/2000/11/04mideastjerusa} ...


The Arab states and other supporters of the Palestinians argued that the General Assembly's decision to endorse the partition of the British Mandate of Palestine was unjust to the Palestinian Arab population [1]. The Arab leaders rejected the plan involving partition and refused to officially negotiate with the Jewish leadership. Arab League Secretary, Abdul Rahman Hassan Azzam told the Jewish Agency in September 1947: "You won't get anything by peaceful means or compromise ... "It's too late to talk of peaceful solutions." [2]. Map of the territory under the British Mandate of Palestine. ... The term Palestinian has other usages, for which see definitions of Palestinian. ... The Arab League or League of Arab States (Arabic: ‎), is an organization of predominately Arab states (compare Arab world). ... Abdul Rahman Hassan Azzam (1893 - 1976) was an Egyptian diplomat, with family origins in Libya (Nisan, 2002). ... The Jewish Agency for Israel also known as The Jewish Agency (or sochnut in Hebrew), was previously called the Jewish Agency for Palestine (during the British Mandate of Palestine) is an Israeli organisation that advocates for Israel and is composed mainly, but not entirely, of Jewish people. ...

Count Folke Bernadotte, the official UN mediator during the 1948 Arab-Israeli War who was assassinated by Lehi in Jerusalem in 1948.
Count Folke Bernadotte, the official UN mediator during the 1948 Arab-Israeli War who was assassinated by Lehi in Jerusalem in 1948.

As the Mandate expired on May 14, 1948 and the State of Israel was announced according to the UN Partition Plan, joint Jordanian, Egyptian, Syrian, Lebanese and Iraqi troops invaded and fought Israel. Old well=known public photo of Count Folke Bernadotte File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Old well=known public photo of Count Folke Bernadotte File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Count Folke Bernadotte of Wisborg (January 2, 1895 - September 17, 1948), or simply Count Bernadotte, was a Swedish diplomat noted for his negotiation of the release of 15,000 mostly Scandinavian prisoners [1] from the German concentration camps in World War II and for his assassination by members of a... This article is about the United Nations, for other uses of UN see UN (disambiguation) Official languages English, French, Spanish, Russian, Chinese, Arabic Secretary-General Kofi Annan (since 1997) Established October 24, 1945 Member states 191 Headquarters New York City, NY, USA Official site http://www. ... Combatants  Israel Egypt Syria Transjordan  Lebanon Saudi Arabia Iraq Holy War Army Arab Liberation Army Commanders Yaakov Dori Yigael Yadin Glubb Pasha Abd al-Qadir al-Husayni† Hasan Salama Fawzi al-Qawuqji Strength 29,677 initially–108,300 by December 1948 Egypt: 10,000 initially rising to 20,000 Iraq... assassin, see Assassin (disambiguation) Jack Ruby assassinated Lee Harvey Oswald in a very public manner. ... Lehi emblem Lehi (IPA: , Hebrew acronym for Lohamei Herut Israel, Fighters for the Freedom of Israel, לחי - לוחמי חירות ישראל) was an armed underground Zionist faction in the Palestine Mandate that had as its goal the eviction of the British from Palestine to allow unrestricted immigration of Jews and the formation of a Jewish... Hebrew יְרוּשָׁלַיִם (Yerushalayim) (Standard) Yerushalayim or Yerushalaim Arabic commonly القـُدْس (Al-Quds); officially in Israel أورشليم القدس (Urshalim-Al-Quds) Name Meaning Hebrew: (see below), Arabic: The Holiness Government City District Jerusalem Population 724,000 (2006) Jurisdiction 123,000 dunams (123 km²) Mayor Uri Lupolianski Web Address www. ...


On May 15, 1948, the Arab League Secretary General Abdul Razek Azzam announced the intention to wage "a war of extermination and a momentous massacre which will be spoken of like the Mongolian massacres and the Crusades." [3] On the same day, the Arab League circulated a statement in the UN which insisted on "a unitary Palestinian State, in accordance with democratic principles, whereby its inhabitants will enjoy complete equality before the law, (and whereby) minorities will be assured of all the guarantees recognized in democratic constitutional countries and (whereby) the holy places will be preserved and the rights of access thereto guaranteed". It also "drew attention to the injustice implied in this solution (affecting) the right of the people of Palestine to immediate independence, as well as democratic principles and the provisions of the Covenant of the League of Nations and (the Charter) of the United Nations." [4] May 15 is the 135th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (136th in leap years). ...


On May 25, 1948, Haim Weizmann the President of the World Zionist Organization, the first President of Israel and the American president Harry Truman agreed to give the Negev desert to Israel [5] May 25 is the 145th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (146th in leap years). ... Year 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1948 calendar). ... Chaim Weizmann Chaim Weizmann (November 27, 1874 - November 9, 1952) chemist, statesman, President of the World Zionist Organization, first President of Israel (elected May 16, 1948, served 1949 - 1952) and founder of a research institute in Israel which eventually became the Weizmann Institute of Science. ... The World Zionist Organization, or WZO, was founded as the Zionist Organization, or ZO, on September 3, 1897, at the First Zionist Congress held in Basel, Switzerland. ... Harry S. Truman (May 8, 1884 — December 26, 1972) was the thirty-third President of the United States (1945–1953); as Vice President, he succeeded to the office upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt. ... Ruins in the Negev desert The Negev (Hebrew נֶגֶב;, Tiberian Hebrew Néḡeḇ; Arabic النقب an-Naqab) is the desert region of southern Israel. ...


In the aftermath of the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East was established to alleviate the condition of Palestinian refugees; in the following two decades a comparable number [6] of Jews who immigrated from the Arab and Muslim countries of the Middle East and North Africa were absorbed by Israel and other countries without assistance from the UN. Combatants  Israel Egypt Syria Transjordan  Lebanon Saudi Arabia Iraq Holy War Army Arab Liberation Army Commanders Yaakov Dori Yigael Yadin Glubb Pasha Abd al-Qadir al-Husayni† Hasan Salama Fawzi al-Qawuqji Strength 29,677 initially–108,300 by December 1948 Egypt: 10,000 initially rising to 20,000 Iraq... The United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) is a relief and human development agency, providing education, healthcare, social services and emergency aid to over four million Palestinian refugees living in the Gaza Strip, the West Bank, Jordan, Lebanon and Syria. ... In the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, a Palestinian refugee is a refugee from Palestine created by the Palestinian Exodus, which Palestinians call the Nakba (نكبة, meaning disaster). History Most of the refugees had already fled by the time the neighboring Arab states intervened on the side of Palestinians... The Jewish exodus from Arab lands refers to the 20th century emigration of Jews, primarily of Sephardi and Mizrahi background, from majority Arab lands. ...


The UN General Assembly voted to admit Israel to UN membership in Resolution 273 (III) of May 11, 1949. United Nations General Assembly Resolution 273 was passed on May 11, 1949 to admit the State of Israel to membership in the United Nations. ... May 11 is the 131st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (132nd in leap years). ... 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1949 calendar). ...


Soviet influence

Main articles: Soviet Union and the Arab-Israeli conflict and History of the Jews in Russia and the Soviet Union

Political Zionism was officially stamped out for the entire history of the Soviet Union as a form of bourgeois nationalism. Without changing its official anti-Zionist stance, the USSR briefly supported the establishment of Israel in 1947. Before voting for the 1947 partition, Andrei Gromyko stated: The Soviet Union and (after 1991) the Russian Federation had a mixed influence on the Arab-Israeli conflict. ... The vast territories of the Russian Empire at one time hosted the largest Jewish population in the world. ... Bourgeois nationalism is a term from Marxist phraseology. ... Anti-Zionism is a term that has been used to describe several very different political and religious points of view, both historically and in current debates. ... Andrei Gromyko Andrei Andreyevich Gromyko (Андре́й Андре́евич Громы́ко) (July 18 (July 5, Old Style), 1909 – July 2, 1989) was Minister for Foreign Affairs and Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union. ...

As we know, the aspirations of a considerable part of the Jewish people are linked with the problem of Palestine and of its future administration. This fact scarcely requires proof... The United Nations cannot and must not regard this situation with indifference, since this would be incompatible with the high principles proclaimed in its Charter ... [7]

From late 1944 until 1948, Stalin had adopted a de facto pro-Zionist foreign policy, apparently believing that the new country would be socialist and would speed the decline of British influence in the Middle East. [8] Three days after Israel declared independence, the Soviet Union legally recognized it. However, by the end of 1948 and throughout the course of the Cold War, the Soviet Union unequivocally supported various Arab regimes against Israel. The official position of the Soviet Union and its satellite states and agencies was that Zionism was a tool used by the Jews and Americans for "racist imperialism". Iosif (usually anglicized as Joseph) Vissarionovich Stalin (Russian: Иосиф Виссарионович Сталин), original name Ioseb Jughashvili (Georgian: იოსებ ჯუღაშვი&#4314... Socialism refers to a broad array of doctrines or political movements that envisage a socio-economic system in which property and the distribution of wealth are subject to social control. ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... The Cold War was the period of conflict, tension and competition between the United States and the Soviet Union and their allies from the mid 1940s until the early 1990s. ...


Allegations of Anti-Israel bias

Critics who accuse the UN of anti-Israel prejudice cite what they see as a disproportionately long list of resolutions concerning Israel,[9] especially the 1975 Resolution 3379, which qualified Zionism as a form of racism (later revoked with Resolution 4686), and the complicity of UNIFIL in the October 2000 Lebanon abduction of three Israeli Engineering Corps soldiers by Hezbollah. In September 2004, the bereaved families announced that they intended to sue the UN for its part in the abductions. List of the UN resolutions concerning Israel and Palestine: Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir commissioned an analysis of UN voting concerning Israel. ... United Nations General Assembly Resolution 3379, adopted on November 10, 1975 by a vote of 72 to 35 (with 32 abstentions), equated Zionism with racism. ... This article or section may contain original research or unverified claims. ... United Nations General Assembly Resolution 4686 passed on December 16, 1991, revoked Resolution 3379 with a vote of 111 to 25 (with 13 abstentions). ... UNIFIL (United Nations Interim Forces In Lebanon) was created in 1978 by the United Nations to confirm Israeli withdrawal from Lebanon, restore the international peace and security, and help the Lebanese Government restore its effective authority in the area. ... The Israeli Engineering Corps are the combat engineering forces of צהל - the Israeli Defence Forces. ... The Israeli Engineering Corps are the combat engineering forces of צהל - the Israeli Defence Forces. ... This article is becoming very long. ...


Starting in the mid-1970s, an Arab-Soviet-Third World bloc joined to form a pro-PLO lobby at the United Nations. This was particularly true in the General Assembly where these countries frequently voted together to pass resolutions attacking Israel and supporting the PLO.[10] An early example came in 1975, when soon after the award of permanent representative status to the PLO, at the instigation of the Arab states and the Soviet Bloc, the Assembly approved Resolution 3379 equating Zionism and racism.[10]


U.S. Ambassador Daniel Moynihan called the resolution “a reckless and obscene act.”[11] Israeli Ambassador Chaim Herzog told his fellow delegates the resolution was “based on hatred, falsehood and arrogance.” Hitler, he declared, would have felt at home listening to the UN debate on the measure.[12]


In her June 21, 2004 speech [13] at a Conference on Confronting anti-Semitism: Education for Tolerance and Understanding sponsored by the United Nations Department of Information (and in related articles [14]) Anne Bayefsky, a human rights scholar and activist attending as representative of the International Association of Jewish Lawyers and Jurists, advocated the need for deep reforms within the UN and criticized some of the UN policies and practices: Professor Anne Bayefsky is a preeminent human rights scholar and activist. ... In recent years, there have been many calls for reform of the United Nations. ...

  • There is only one entire UN Division devoted to a single group of people: the United Nations Division for Palestinian Rights [15] (created in 1977).
  • The only UN day dedicated to a specific people is November 29, the annual UN Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People.
  • There is only one refugee agency dedicated to a single refugee situation: UNRWA (in operation since 1950).
  • "The General Assembly operates through six committees of the whole. One of them, the Fourth Committee, routinely devotes 30 percent of its time to the condemnation of Israel."[16]
  • "The General Assembly emergency sessions... began in 1956, and since then six of the ten emergency sessions ever held, have been about Israel. The 10th such session began in 1997 and has been reconvened 13 times. ... a million dead in Rwanda or two million dead in Sudan might have warranted one General Assembly emergency session."[16]
  • "...the UN's primary human-rights body is the UN Human Rights Commission. 30% of the resolutions condemning specific states ever adopted over 40 years are directed at Israel." [16]

Anne Bayefsky acknowledges that "Israel’s policies are, of course, fair game for legitimate criticism. But the UN’s outrage is grossly selective, especially when one considers the record of any number of other member nations."[17] The United Nations Division for Palestinian Rights (UNDPR) is a part of the Department of Political Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat. ... November 29 is the 333rd (in leap years the 334th) day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... The United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) was established to provide assistance to Palestinian refugees. ... The Tenth emergency special session of the United Nations General Assembly centered on the Palestine issue: the ongoing dispute and conflict over the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. ...


In April 2004 the UN special envoy to Iraq, Lakhdar Brahimi, told French radio listeners that "the great poison in the region" is Israeli "domination" and told American television viewers that the Israelis "are not interested in peace, no matter what you seem to believe in America".[18][19] Lakhdar Brahimi (born January 1, 1934 in Algeria) is the United Nations special representative for Afghanistan and Iraq. ...


In August 2004, the United Nations Association of the United Kingdom (UNA-UK) published a report analyzing thirteen years of United Nations resolutions on the Arab-Israeli conflict. In light of the study’s conclusions, Malcolm Harper, speaking on behalf of the UNA-UK (of which he was director until recently), called for an examination into how, if at all, the resolutions contribute to the Middle East peace process. The 76-page report [20] makes the following principal findings:

  • The texts of UN General Assembly and Security Council resolutions are "often unbalanced in terms of the length of criticism and condemnation of Israeli actions in the Occupied Territories as against Palestinian actions such as suicide bombings."
  • The United Nations is "palpably more critical of Israeli policies and practices than it is of either Palestinian actions or the wider Arab world. However criticism is not necessarily the product of bias."
  • In resolutions of the UN General Assembly, "violence perpetrated against Israeli civilians, including the use of suicide bombers, is mentioned only a few times and then in only vague terms."

The report also stated "However, criticism is not necessarily a product of bias, and it is not the intention here to suggest that UNGA and UNSC reproaches of Israel stem from prejudice. From the perspective of the UN, Israel has repeatedly flouted fundamental UN tenets and ignored important decisions."


The event celebrating an annual "International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People" on November 29, 2005 was attended by Kofi Annan and other high-ranking diplomats. In his January 3, 2006 letter to Mr. Annan, the US ambassador John Bolton criticized the UN for promoting an anti-Israel agenda and noted that the map prominently displayed at the event "erases the state of Israel" only days after Iran's leader Mahmoud Ahmadinejad's speech calling to wipe Israel off the map. The organizer of the "solidarity" event is the Division for Palestinian Rights (2004-2005 UN budget: $5,449,600). Other bodies include the Special Committee to Investigate Israeli Practices Affecting the Human Rights of the Palestinian People and Other Arabs of the Occupied Territories ($254,500), the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People ($60,800), and the Information Activities on the Question of Palestine ($566,000). Similar funding has been approved for the next biannual budget [[3]]. The International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People is a UN organized observance. ... Kofi Atta Annan (born April 8, 1938) is a diplomat of Ghanaian ancestry who served as the seventh Secretary-General of the United Nations from January 1, 1997 to December 31, 2006. ... January 3 is the 3rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... John Robert Bolton (born November 20, 1948), an attorney and an American diplomat in several Republican administrations, served as the interim [1] U.S. Permanent Representative to the United Nations with the title of ambassador, from August 2005 until December 2006, on a recess appointment. ... During his presidency, Mahmoud Ahmadinejads speeches and statements have contributed to increased tensions between Iran and Israel, and between Iran and a few Western nations. ... Founded in 1975, by its resolution 3376 the UN General Assembly, the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People is a programme of implementation to enable the Palestinian people to exercise their inalienable rights to self-determination without external interference, national independence and sovereignty; and...


2006 Israel-Lebanon conflict

Main article: Attacks on United Nations personnel during the 2006 Israel-Lebanon conflict
See also: 2006 Israel-Lebanon conflict

On July 26th 2006 Israeli aircraft in South Lebanon dropped bombs onto UN observers, killing four of them from Austria, Canada, China and Finland. The observers in the building made multiple calls to Israeli forces over a six hour period and informed them of the presence of UN observers at the location. However, at 7:20pm, the building which had served as a known UN outpost in that region for 50 years was struck by a missile and destroyed. [21] The UN Secretary General Kofi Annan stating that "I am shocked and deeply distressed by the apparently deliberate targeting by Israeli Defence Forces of a UN Observer post in southern Lebanon." As at the time Annan had no evidence for the bombing being deliberate, many pundits noted that Hezbollah members had been firing on Israeli positions from the immediate vicinity of the post, and described Annan's statement as indicative of the UN's anti-Israel bias.[22][23][24][25][26][27][28] Israel’s prime minister, Ehud Olmert, has expressed “deep sorrow” over the deaths, and has ordered an investigation into the incident. Such a report has not - at October 2006 - been published.[29][30][31] Tzipi Livni, Israel's Foreign Minister was quoted as saying: “During a war these kind of accidents can happen.”[32] Annan has begun to backtrack from his statement, although his assistant, Marie Okabe, claims he still stands by it.[33]
In 2006 the organization accused Israel of violating humanitarian law in connection with the 2006 Israel-Lebanon War.[34] Aftermath of IDF airstrike on UN patrol base Khiam, Lebanon, 2006. ... Combatants Hezbollah Amal LCP  Israel Commanders Hassan Nasrallah (Secretary General of Hezbollah) Imad Mughniyeh (Commander of Hezbollahs armed wing) [5] Dan Halutz (CoS) Moshe Kaplinsky[15] Udi Adam (Regional) Strength 600-1,000 active fighters 3,000-10,000 reservists[6] 30,000 ground troops (plus IAF & ISC) [16... The United Nations Secretary-General is the head of the Secretariat, one of the principal divisions of the United Nations. ... Kofi Atta Annan (born April 8, 1938) is a diplomat of Ghanaian ancestry who served as the seventh Secretary-General of the United Nations from January 1, 1997 to December 31, 2006. ... Ehud Olmert (IPA ; Hebrew: אהוד אולמרט; born September 30, 1945) is the 12th and current Prime Minister of Israel. ... Tzipi Livni, Israeli Foreign Minister Tzipora (Tzipi) Livni (Hebrew: ציפי לבני) (born July 5, 1958) is a senior Israeli politician currently serving as Foreign Affairs Minister, with the recently added title of Vice Prime Minister. ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Combatants Hezbollah Israel Commanders Hassan Nasrallah (Secretary General) Dan Halutz (CoS), Moshe Kaplinsky[5], Udi Adam (Regional) Strength 600-1,000 fighters 3,000-5,000 available 10,000 reservist [2] 30,000 ground troops (plus IAF & ISC) [6] Casualties Hezbollah militia: 74 dead confirmed by Hezbollah [3] 180 dead...


The conflict was suspended with a cease-fire implemented under UN Security Council Resolution 1701. Among the terms of UNSCR 1701 are cessation of hostilities; Israeli withdrawal from Lebanon; disarmament of Hezbollah; full control of Lebanon by the Lebanese government; and removal of all paramilitary forces (such as Hezbollah and Hamas) south of the Litani River with their replacement by UNIFIL. As of December 2006 hostilities have largely ceased, Israel has withdrawn from Lebanon, and UNIFIL forces are in place. The remaining provisions have not been carried out. In the time since the enactment of UNSCR 1701 both the Lebanese government and UNIFIL have disavowed any intent to disarm Hezbollah.[4] [5] [6] United Nations Security Council Resolution 1701 is a resolution intended to resolve the 2006 Israel-Lebanon conflict. ...


Current situation

Dan Gillerman, current Israeli Ambassador to the UN
Dan Gillerman, current Israeli Ambassador to the UN

The UN Charter gives every state the right to membership of the UN Security Council, and says that membership will be decided according to equitable geographic distribution. The latter requirement has meant in practice that non-permanent Security Council members are selected from the five geographical groupings of member states. Without membership in a regional group, a member state cannot sit on the Security Council or other key UN bodies. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (680x915, 185 KB) Summary Dan Gillerman hedcut by D. Gershon (2006) Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (680x915, 185 KB) Summary Dan Gillerman hedcut by D. Gershon (2006) Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Dan Gillerman (born in Israel in 1944) is the 13th Israels Permanent Representative to the United Nations. ... The United Nations Charter is the constitution of the United Nations. ... A session of the Security Council in progress The United Nations Security Council is the most powerful organ of the United Nations. ...


Geographically, the State of Israel would belong to the Asian Group, but that group has repeatedly denied Israel's admission. Israel has been the only UN member excluded from a regional group. On May 30, 2000, Israel accepted an invitation to become a temporary member of the Western European and Others (WEOG) regional group. Israel's membership in the group is restricted: it has to reapply for the membership every four years, for the first two years, Israeli representatives were not allowed to run for positions on the UN Council, Israel was not allowed to present candidacies for open seats in any UN body and it is not able to compete for major UN bodies, such as the Economic and Social Council, for a longer period. In addition to these restrictions, Israel is allowed to participate in WEOG activities only in the UN New York office, being excluded from the UN offices in Geneva, Nairobi, Rome and Vienna. Among other issues handled in these offices are human rights and racism.[9][35]


A few countries have consistently supported Israel's actions in the UN, such as the United States of America and the tiny states of Micronesia and the Marshall Islands, both of which are associated states of the U.S. Recently Australia, under the leadership of John Howard, and Canada, under the leadership of Stephen Harper, have also supported Israel at the UN. An associated state is used to describe a free relationship between a territory and a larger nation. ... John Winston Howard (born 26 July 1939), Australian politician, is the Prime Minister of Australia. ... Stephen Joseph Harper (born April 30, 1959) is the 22nd and current Prime Minister of Canada and leader of the Conservative Party of Canada. ...


The Western nations frequently condemn Israeli actions including, on occasion, some which Israel claims as being necessary to protect itself from "Palestinian terrorism and Arab hostility". The European states typically have abstained from anti-Israel votes. Many European countries have adopted a neutral stance, abstaining from the ongoing condemnations of Israel and supporting the foundation of a Palestinian state. Such countries include France, Russia, and Germany. The term Western World or the West can have multiple meanings depending on its context. ... World map showing Europe A satellite composite image of Europe Europe is one of the seven traditional continents of the Earth. ...


The United States has frequently used its veto to protect Israel from condemnatory Security Council votes — almost all U.S. vetos cast since 1986 have concerned UN resolutions against Israel.


Israel's Permanent Representative to the United Nations, Dan Gillerman, was elected to the position of Vice-President of the 60th UN General Assembly. The last Israeli to hold that position was Israeli envoy to the UN, Abba Eban, in 1952. Israel's candidacy was put forward by the Western Europe and Others Group (WEOG). Dan Gillerman (born in Israel in 1944) is the 13th Israels Permanent Representative to the United Nations. ... Abba Eban (אבא אבן) (February 2, 1915 – November 17, 2002) was an Israeli diplomat and politician. ...


See also

List of the UN resolutions concerning Israel and Palestine: Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir commissioned an analysis of UN voting concerning Israel. ... On July 26th 2002, John Negroponte, the United States ambassador to the United Nations, stated (during a closed meeting of the UN Security Council) that the United States will oppose Security Council resolutions which condemn Israel without also condemning terrorist groups (and so are one-sided and biased from the... Painting of Oswaldo Aranha Oswaldo Euclides de Souza Aranha (1894-1960) was a Brazilian politician, diplomat and statesman. ... New anti-Semitism is the concept of an international resurgence of attacks on Jewish symbols, as well as the acceptance of anti-Semitic beliefs and their expression in public discourse, coming simultaneously from three political directions: the radical left, Islamism, and the far-right. ...

References

  • Horowitz, David. State in the Making. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1953
  • Johnson, Paul, A History of the Jews, London, 1987

Paul Johnson (born Paul Bede Johnson on November 2, 1928 in Manchester, England) is a British Roman Catholic journalist, historian, speechwriter and author. ...

Notes

  1. ^ palestineremembered.com - Why did Arabs reject the proposed UN GA partition plan which split Palestine into Jewish and Arab states?
  2. ^ Horowitz, 1953, p.233
  3. ^ Benny Morris, Righteous Victims, p.219
  4. ^ Statement by the Arab League States Following the Establishment of the State of Israel (May 15, 1948)
  5. ^ mideastweb.org/181.htm
  6. ^ JIMENA - Jews Indigenous to the Middle East and North Africa
  7. ^ UN Debate Regarding the Special Committee on Palestine: Gromyko Statement. 14 May 1947 77th Plenary Meeting Document A/2/PV.77
  8. ^ Johnson, 1987, p.527
  9. ^ a b Israel and the UN - An Uneasy Relationship wri(Permanent Mission of Israel to the United Nations). Accessed June 19, 2006
  10. ^ a b Bard, Mitchell (2006). The United Nations and Israel. Jewish Virtual Library. The American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise. Retrieved on 2006-07-30.
  11. ^ Jackson, Harold (March 28, 2003). Obituary: Daniel Patrick Moynihan. The Guardian. Retrieved on 2006-07-30.
  12. ^ Herzog, Chaim (1978). Who stands accused?: Israel answers its critics, 1st., New York, NY: Random House, 4–5. ISBN 0-394-50132-2 LCCN &Search_Code=STNO&CNT=25&HIST=1 77-90235 . 
  13. ^ One Small Step. Is the U.N. finally ready to get serious about anti-Semitism? by Anne Bayefsky, (Opinion Journal) June 21, 2004. Accessed June 19, 2006
  14. ^ Anne Bayefsky (Winds of Change). Accessed June 19, 2006
  15. ^ UN Division for Palestinian Rights
  16. ^ a b c Undiplomatic Imbalance, by Anne Bayefsky, National Review Online, 13-12-2004.
  17. ^ The UN and the Jews, Anne Bayefsky, Commentary Magazine, Vol. 117, February 2004
  18. ^ Why the Palestinians are in such a state By Mark Steyn. April 27, 2004 (The Telegraph). Accessed August 19, 2006
  19. ^ The Struggle against Anti-Israel Bias at the UN Commission on Human Rights Hillel C. Neuer (UN Watch. Issue 138). January 4, 2006. Accessed August 19, 2006
  20. ^ Comparison of United Nations Member States' Language in Relation to Israel and Palestine as Evidenced by Resolutions in the UN Security Council and UN General Assembly August 2004 report (PDF). Accessed June 19, 2006
  21. ^ "UN observers begged Israelis to stop shelling their position", Times, July 27, 2006. Retrieved on 2006-26-06.
  22. ^ "Kofi Annan shows his stripes", Editorial page, New York Daily News, July 27, 2006. Retrieved on 2006-07-30.
  23. ^ "Annan's libel", Editorial, Jerusalem Post, July 26, 2006. Retrieved on 2006-08-01.
  24. ^ Mackenzie, Lewis. "Kofi Annan's hasty rush to judgment", Globe and Mail, July 27, 2006, p. A15. Retrieved on 2006-08-01. Note: Globeandmail.com version here [1], but subscription required.
  25. ^ Gunter, Lorne. "Annan should have known better: Israel's record of care suggests bombing of UN peacekeeping post was accidental", Opinion, The Edmonton Journal, July 28, 2006, p. A16. Retrieved on 2006-08-01. Note: The Edmonton Journal version here [2], but subscription required.
  26. ^ "Mr. Annan, meet the truth", Editorial page, New York Daily News, July 28, 2006. Retrieved on 2006-08-05.
  27. ^ Shafran, Avi (August 6, 2006). Mel, Kofi, and me. Society Today. Aish HaTorah. Retrieved on 2006-08-06.
  28. ^ Hanson, Victor Davis. "The Brink of Madness", National Review, August 4, 2006. Retrieved on 2006-08-09.
  29. ^ "Israel Expresses 'Deep Sorrow' Over Killing of UN Peacekeepers", Voice of America, July 26, 2006. Retrieved on 2006-08-06.
  30. ^ "Israeli bomb kills UN observers", BBC, July 26, 2006. Retrieved on 2006-08-06.
  31. ^ "U.N.: Israeli airstrike hits U.N. observer post", CNN, July 26, 2006. Retrieved on 2006-08-06.
  32. ^ "UN observers begged Israelis to stop shelling their position", Times, July 27, 2006. Retrieved on 2006-26-06.
  33. ^ Avni, Benny (July 27, 2006). Annan's Claims On Casualties May Unravel. The New York Sun. Retrieved on 2006-08-04.
  34. ^ "Criticism of Israel Is not 'anti-Semitism'", 2006-09-05 publisher=Arab News.
  35. ^ Myths & Facts Online. The United Nations by Mitchell G. Bard (Jewish Virtual Library). Accessed June 19, 2006

2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... July 30 is the 211th day (212th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 154 days remaining. ... March 28 is the 87th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (88th in leap years). ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Guardian is a British newspaper owned by the Guardian Media Group. ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... July 30 is the 211th day (212th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 154 days remaining. ... Chaim Vivian Herzog (Hebrew: )‎ (September 17, 1918 - April 17, 1997) served as the sixth President of Israel (1983 - 1993), following a distinguished career in both the British Army and the Israel Defense Forces (IDF). ... New York, New York redirects here. ... Random House is a publishing division of the German media conglomerate Bertelsmann based in New York City. ... The Library of Congress Control Number or LCCN is a serially based system of numbering books in the Library of Congress in the United States. ... July 27 is the 208th day (209th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 157 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... July 27 is the 208th day (209th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 157 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... July 30 is the 211th day (212th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 154 days remaining. ... The Jerusalem Post is an Israeli newspaper in the English language. ... July 26 is the 207th day (208th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 158 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... August 1 is the 213th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (214th in leap years), with 152 days remaining. ... Major-General Lewis MacKenzie, C.M., CMM, MSC (and bar), O.Ont , CD, (born April 30, 1940) is a retired Canadian general and writer. ... The Globe and Mail is a large Canadian English language national newspaper based in Toronto. ... July 27 is the 208th day (209th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 157 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... August 1 is the 213th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (214th in leap years), with 152 days remaining. ... The Edmonton Journal is a daily newspaper in Edmonton, Alberta. ... July 28 is the 209th day (210th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 156 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... August 1 is the 213th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (214th in leap years), with 152 days remaining. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... July 28 is the 209th day (210th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 156 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... August 5 is the 217th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (218th in leap years), with 148 days remaining. ... August 6 is the 218th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (219th in leap years), with 147 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Aish HaTorah Center opposite the Western Wall in Jerusalem Aish HaTorah (Fire of the Torah) is an Orthodox Jewish outreach organization and yeshiva, the goal of which is to persuade Jews to observe more closely the halakha. ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... August 6 is the 218th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (219th in leap years), with 147 days remaining. ... American historian Victor Davis Hanson on C-SPAN Victor Davis Hanson (born 1953 in Fowler, California) is a military historian, columnist, political essayist and former Classics professor, best known as a scholar of ancient warfare as well as a commentator on modern warfare. ... National Review (NR) is a biweekly magazine of political opinion, founded by author William F. Buckley Jr. ... August 4 is the 216th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (217th in leap years), with 149 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... August 9 is the 221st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (222nd in leap years), with 144 days remaining. ... The Voice of America (VOA) is the official international broadcasting service of the Government of the United States. ... July 26 is the 207th day (208th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 158 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... August 6 is the 218th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (219th in leap years), with 147 days remaining. ... The British Broadcasting Corporation, usually known as the BBC (and also informally known as the Beeb or Auntie) is one of the largest broadcasting corporations in the world in terms of audience numbers, employing 26,000 staff in the UK alone and with a budget of more than £4 billion. ... July 26 is the 207th day (208th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 158 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... August 6 is the 218th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (219th in leap years), with 147 days remaining. ... The Cable News Network, commonly known as CNN, is a major cable television network founded in 1980 by Ted Turner. ... July 26 is the 207th day (208th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 158 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... August 6 is the 218th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (219th in leap years), with 147 days remaining. ... July 27 is the 208th day (209th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 157 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... July 27 is the 208th day (209th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 157 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The New York Sun is a contemporary daily newspaper published in New York City. ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... August 4 is the 216th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (217th in leap years), with 149 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 5 is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years). ... ArabNews is the leading English language source of news presented from an Arab perspective. ... Mitchell Geoffrey Bard is an American foreign policy analyst who specializes in U.S.-Middle East policy. ... The Jewish Virtual Library, is an online Jewish Encyclopedia which includes about 10,000 articles and 5,000 photographs and maps. ...

External links

  • Permanent Mission of Israel to the United Nations
  • UN Watch, an ECOSOC accredited NGO that speaks against anti-Israel bias at the UN
  • Eye on the UN
  • The United Nations: Leading Global Purveyor of Anti-Semitism
  • United Nations Jewish Virtual Library selection of articles
    • Anti-Semitism in the United Nations
  • United Nations Information System on the Question of Palestine (UNISPAL)
  • United Nations Division for Palestinian Rights
  • United Nations Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People
  • International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People at the United Nations
    • Marking Palestinian solidarity day, Annan calls for renewed action toward peace at UN News Centre. November 29, 2005
    • Eliminating Israel Politely by Daniel Pipes (The New York Sun December 13, 2005) Also at Eye on the UN, IsraelInsider
  • United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East
    • Report on the UNRWA (PDF) by Arlene Kushner. Israel Resource News Agency, March 2003
  • UN Fails to Condemn Netanya Suicide Bombing By Amihai Zippor. Israel Hasbara Committee News, December 07, 2005
  • MideastTruth contains an extended set of articles on the UN and Israel.
  • Israel, U.N. Favorite - article by Daniel Pipes
  • Christian Action for Israel - Israel and the U.N.

 
 

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