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Encyclopedia > Islands of the North Atlantic

"Islands of the North Atlantic" (IONA) was suggested by Sir John Biggs-Davison as a less contentious alternative to the term "British Isles" to refer to Britain and Ireland and the smaller associated islands. It has been used particularly in the context of the Northern Irish "peace process", during the negotiation of the Good Friday Agreement, as a neutral description of those islands. However its use has been mainly limited to this context: as of 2004 (January), the term Islands of the North Atlantic was not used in any official internet site of the British or Irish governments, apart from verbatim reports of Irish parliamentary debates discussing whether it might be used. Sir John Biggs-Davison (died 17 September 1988) was a British politician. ... The British Isles consist of Great Britain, Ireland and a number of much smaller surrounding islands. ... The islands of Great Britain and Ireland are part of an archipelago with a combined area of 315,000 km² off the west coast of Europe, and the term Britain and Ireland is sometimes used, somewhat loosely and incorrectly, to refer to that entire archipelago. ... Royal motto: Quis separabit (Latin: Who will separate?) Northern Irelands location within the UK Official languages English, Irish, Ulster Scots Capital and largest city Belfast First Minister Office suspended Area  - Total Ranked 4th 13,843 km² Population  - Total (2001)  - Density Ranked 4th 1,685,267 122/km² NUTS 1... The Belfast Agreement (also known as the Good Friday Agreement and, more rarely, as the Stormont Agreement) was signed in Belfast on April 10, 1998 by the British and Irish Governments and endorsed by most Northern Ireland political parties. ... 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Dáil Chamber Dáil Éireann is the lower house of the Oireachtas (parliament) of the Republic of Ireland. ...


One feature of this name is that the acronym IONA has the same spelling as the island of Iona which is off the coast of Scotland but with which Irish people have strong cultural associations. It is therefore a name with which people of both main islands might identify. On the other hand, it can be confusing (a) because of this duplication of the name of the existing Iona and (b) because Greenland, Iceland, and Newfoundland are also important and rather prominent islands of the North Atlantic, which the term is not intended to include. Acronyms and initialisms are abbreviations formed from the initial letter or letters of words, such as NATO and XHTML, and are pronounced in a way that is distinct from the full pronunciation of what the letters stand for. ... Iona seen from Fionnphort, the ferry point on the Isle of Mull Iona, population 175, is a small island (1 mile wide, 3. ... Timeline of Scottish history Caledonia List of not fully sovereign nations Subdivisions of Scotland National parks (Scotland) Traditional music of Scotland Flower of Scotland Wars of Scottish Independence National Trust for Scotland Historic houses in Scotland Castles in Scotland Museums in Scotland Abbeys and priories in Scotland Gardens in Scotland... This is about the island in Canada. ... The Atlantic Ocean is Earths second-largest ocean, covering approximately one-fifth of its surface. ...


"British Isles" remains for now the most widely used term to describe the aforementioned territories, and vastly predates the present matters of controversy. Some, however, seeing in "British" an implication of posession, object, saying that while accurate in describing both the geography and the politics of the islands when Ireland remained part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (1801-1922), it has not changed to reflect political developments since 1922. The Union Flag, in its modern form, was first adopted in 1801. ... The state known today as the Republic of Ireland came into being when twenty-six of the counties of Ireland seceded from the United Kingdom (UK) in 1922. ...


It remains to be seen whether IONA, which has been used as part of the Northern Ireland "peace process", will become a widely accepted replacement term for the British Isles, whether another term will evolve over time, or whether the status quo will prevail. When discussing northern Irish history, the Peace Process is generally considered to cover the events leading up to the 1994 IRA ceasefire, the end of most of the violence of The Troubles, the Belfast (or Good Friday) Agreement, and subsequent political developments. ...


References

[1] Denis Canavan MSP, British Irish Inter-Parliamentary Body, Summary of the 15th Plenary Session, 9. The Future of the Body


[2] Trevor Sargent TD, "The Good Friday Agreement", Dáil Éireann speech Trevor Sargent TD Trevor Sargent is a senior Irish politician. ... The Dáil Chamber Dáil Éireann is the lower house of the Oireachtas (parliament) of the Republic of Ireland. ...


[3] Mr. Peter Luff MP, British House of Commons speech The House of Commons is the lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, and is now the dominant branch of Parliament. ...


[4] Kevin Barry, "Resiliency, Tolerance and Avoidance in Northern Ireland"


[5] Taoiseach Mr Bertie Ahern TD, "Ireland and Britain A New Relationship for a New Millennium" The Taoiseach (plural: Taoisigh) or, more formally, An Taoiseach, is the head of government of the Republic of Ireland and the leader of the Irish cabinet1. ... Patrick Bartholemew Ahern (Irish name: Pádraig Parthalán Ó hEachthairn) (born September 12, 1951), commonly called Bertie Ahern, is an Irish politician. ...


[6] Paul Sharp, "When New Meets Old: Irish Diplomacy, Northern Ireland and the Peace Process"


External links

  • The Good Friday Agreement
  • British-Irish Council

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Islands of the North Atlantic - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (452 words)
"Islands of the North Atlantic" (IONA) was suggested by Sir John Biggs-Davison as a less contentious alternative to the term "British Isles" to refer to Britain and Ireland and the smaller associated islands.
However its use has been mainly limited to this context: as of 2004 (January), the term Islands of the North Atlantic was not used in any official internet site of the British or Irish governments, apart from verbatim reports of Irish parliamentary debates discussing whether it might be used.
One feature of this name is that the acronym IONA has the same spelling as the island of Iona which is off the coast of Scotland but with which Irish people have strong cultural associations.
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