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Encyclopedia > Islamist terrorism
Terrorism
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Islamist terrorism is terrorism that is carried out to further the political and religious ambitions of a segment of the Muslim community. Terrorism is not defined. ... Few words are as politically or emotionally charged as terrorism. ... There are eleven major multilateral international conventions related to states responsibilities for combating terrorism. ... Counter-terrorism refers to the practices, tactics, and strategies that governments, militaries, and other groups adopt in order to fight terrorism. ... The neutrality of this article is disputed. ... The following is a timeline of acts and failed attempts that can be considered terrorism. ... Nationalist terrorism is a form of terrorism through which participants attempt to form an independent state against what they consider an occupying, imperial, or otherwise illegitimate state. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Religious violence. ... Left-wing terrorism may be defined as violence committed by groups or individuals on the political left in order to achieve a political goal through the creation of fear. ... Right-wing terrorism, is reactionary violence to what is seen as perceived threats to a groups value system. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... State terrorism is a controversial term that is separate from the more common term state sponsored terrorism. ... Ethnically-motivated terrorism (also Ethnic terrorism or racial terrorism) involves frequent attacks on foreign-born immigrants and ethnic minorities, motivated by racism and xenophobic hatred. ... Narcoterrorism is a term coined by former President Belaunde Terry of Peru in 1983 when describing terrorist-type attacks against his nations anti-narcotics police. ... Domestic terrorism is a phrase used to describe some acts of political violence within a state that are carried out or commissioned by forces inside or originating from that state, as opposed to external attacks. ... The heyday of anarchist terrorism was from the 1870s to the 1920s. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Terrorism. ... The term eco-terrorism is a neologism which has been used to describe threats and acts of violence (both against people and against property), sabotage, vandalism, property damage and intimidation committed in the name of environmentalism. ... Aircraft hijacking (also known as Skyjacking) is the take-over of an aircraft, by a person or group, usually armed. ... It has been suggested that Targeted killing be merged into this article or section. ... A car bomb is an improvised explosive device that is placed in a car or truck and is intended to be exploded while there. ... A suicide bombing is an attack using a bomb in which the individual(s) carrying the explosive materials composing the bomb intend(s) and expect(s) to die upon detonation (see suicide). ... Bioterrorism is terrorism using germ warfare, an intentional human release of a naturally-occurring or human-modified toxin or biological agent. ... Nuclear terrorism can be used to describe any of the following terrorist assaults: Use of nuclear weapons against a civilian target Use of a radiological weapon or dirty bomb against a civilian target An attack against a nuclear power plant Some believe that no such act has ever taken place. ... Cyber-terrorism is the use of computers and information technology, particularly the Internet to cause harm of severe disruption with the aim of advancing the attackers own political goals. ... A terrorist front organization is created to conceal activities or provide logistical or financial support to the illegal activities. ... Lone-wolf terrorism takes place outside a command structure and may be unaccountable to the claimed collective cause of a group. ... Terrorism is not defined. ... Umma (Arabic: ) is an Arabic word meaning community or nation. ...

Contents


Use of 'Islamist' versus 'Islamic'

"Islamic terrorism" is used more often than "Islamist terrorism" in mainstream Western press.[1] Critics of the former term claim it offensively and inaccurately associates Islam with terrorism. According to this view, the phrase "Islamist terrorism" is more accurate because it more clearly identifies the ideological roots of such terrorism. Christian terrorism refers to terroristic acts or doctrine motivated by the promotion of Christianity, either putatively or actually. ...


According to dictionary.com, Islamism has two established meanings-- one refering to a revivalist movement, and another that is similar to Islamic. Political scientists use the term Islamist in a number of ways; it has a specialized meaning related to the goal of the institution of a government based on Sharia law. However, Islamist is often used generically to describe any political or militant group that uses Islam as an identity or ideology. Not all Muslims are Islamists; numerous Islamist groups reject violence and condemn terrorism. Islamism refers to a set of political ideologies derived from various religious views of Muslim fundamentalists, which hold that Islam is not only a religion, but also a political system that should govern the legal, economic and social imperatives of the state. ... Sharia (Arabic: ; also Sharīah, Sharia, Shariah or Syariah) is the Arabic word for Islamic law, also known as the Law of Allah. ...


Organizations involved in Islamist terrorism

Al-Qaeda is defined by most nations as an Islamist terrorism group. Formed in the aftermath of the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, it has commited terrorism against Saudi Arabia and under the command of its founder, Osama bin Laden, orchestrated the September 11th attacks against the United States. Militantly pushing for pan-Islamic dominance, the group opposes the Saudi regime that it sees as insufficiently Islamic and too closely tied to America. Al-Qaeda claims it is engaged in a struggle against Zionism, Christianity, and the secular West. Al-Qaeda (Arabic: القاعدة, the foundation or the base) is the name given to a worldwide network of militant Islamist organizations under the leadership of Osama bin Laden. ... A Soviet soldier on guard in Afghanistan in 1988. ... Osama bin Laden in a photo from the 1990s Usāmah bin Muhammad bin `Awad bin Lādin (born March 10, 1957; Arabic: ), commonly known as Osama bin Laden, or Usama bin Laden, (Arabic: ), is the founder of the militant organization al-Qaeda. ... The World Trade Center on fire The September 11, 2001 attacks were a series of coordinated terrorist attacks against the United States on September 11, 2001. ... For other meanings, please see Zionism (disambiguation) Poster promoting a film about Jewish settlement in Palestine, 1930s: Toward a New Life (in Romanian),The Promised Land (in Hungarian) 1844 Discourse on the Restoration of the Jews by Mordecai Noah, page one. ... Christianity is a monotheistic religion that recognizes Jesus Christ as its central figure, Lord and Messiah. ...


Hamas is also known for terrorism against Israel's citizens and military. It is recognized as a terrorist group by the European Union, Canada, the United States, Israel, the United Nations Commission on Human Rights and Human Rights Watch. The Hamas emblem shows two crossed swords, the Dome of the Rock, and a map of the land they claim as Palestine (roughly, present-day Israel, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip). ... The United Nations Commission on Human Rights (UNCHR), is a functional commission within the overall framework of the United Nations. ... Human Rights Watch is an international non-governmental organization based in New York City, USA, that conducts advocacy and research on human rights issues. ...


The United States, Israel, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Canada, and Australia designate the Lebanese Shia Islamist organization Hezbollah as a terrorist organization. The European Union designates Hezbollah's External Security Organization wing as "terrorist". The United Nations has called for the disbandment of the party's military wing. Designations of the party as "terrorist" are rejected by the Lebanese government and across the political spectrum in Lebanon. [2][3] The Hezbollah flag Hezbollah (Arabic ‮حزب الله‬, meaning Party of God, for other designations or alternative spellings, see name part of this article) is a Shia Islamist group in Lebanon founded in 1982 to fight the Israeli occupation in southern Lebanon. ... Main article: League of Nations The term United Nations was coined by Franklin D. Roosevelt during World War II, to refer to the Allies. ...


Ideological and strategic justification for terrorism

Islamist terrorists claim they are defending Islam and the Ummah (the Muslim community). Islamic terrorists also claim that their aggression is retaliatory to what they see as agression against Muslims coming from Israel and the United States. Umma (Arabic: ) is an Arabic word meaning community or nation. ...


Modern Islamist terrorist groups are often inspired by the Muslim Brotherhood, which was the prototype of the later Islamist groups[citation needed]. Some Islamist groups, notably Hezbollah, Hamas, Islamic Jihad in Palestine and Al-Qaeda have used suicide bombers against civillians, soldiers, and government officials of the regimes that they oppose. Their use of suicide bombers is seen by many Muslims as contradictory to Islam's teachings. Groups who support Islamist terrorism in the form of suicide bomings often refer to such attacks as "martyrdom operations" and the suicide-bombers who commit them as "martyrs" (Arabic: shuhada, plural of "shahid"). Islamist terrorists, and their sympathisers often believe that suicide bombers, as martyrs to the cause of jihad against the infidels, are entitled to the rewards of paradise for their actions. The Muslim Brotherhood or The Muslim Brothers (Arabic: الإخوان المسلمون al-ikhwān al-muslimÅ«n, full title جماعة الإخوان المسلمين jamāat al-ikhwān al-muslimÄ«n, The Society of the Muslim Brothers, often simply الإخوان al-ikhwān, the Brotherhood) is the name of several Islamist organizations in the Middle East. ... The Hezbollah flag Hezbollah (Arabic ‮حزب الله‬, meaning Party of God, for other designations or alternative spellings, see name part of this article) is a Shia Islamist group in Lebanon founded in 1982 to fight the Israeli occupation in southern Lebanon. ... The Hamas emblem shows two crossed swords, the Dome of the Rock, and a map of the land they claim as Palestine (roughly, present-day Israel, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip). ... Islamic Jihad (Arabic: Harakat al-Jihad al-Islami) is a militant Islamist group based in the Syrian capital, Damascus. ... Al-Qaeda (Arabic: القاعدة, the foundation or the base) is the name given to a worldwide network of militant Islamist organizations under the leadership of Osama bin Laden. ... A suicide bombing is a bomb attack on people or property, committed by a person who knows the explosion will cause his or her own death in addition to the attacks primary purpose (see suicide, suicide weapons). ... A martyrdom operation is a suicide bombing. ... Historically, a martyr is a person who dies for their religious faith, such as during the persecution of early Christians in the Roman Empire. ... Jannah is the Islamic name for paradise. ...


The members of some groups are more likely to see themselves as freedom fighters rather than terrorists, as the political origins of such groups in Israel/Palestine, Afghanistan during the Soviet occupation, Chechnya and most recently post-Saddam Iraq are often connected to demands for statehood and nationalist self-determination. Opponents of this view claim that it is wrong to kill civilians to further a political cause. Terrorism refers to the use of violence for the purpose of achieving a political, religious, or ideological goal. ... The neutrality and factual accuracy of this article are disputed. ... Capital Grozny Area - total - % water 78th - 15,500 km² - negligible Population - Total - Density 49th - est. ... Wikinews has news related to this article: Saddam Hussein Saddam Hussein Saddam Hussein Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti, (Arabic ), born April 28, 1937 , was President of Iraq from 1979 until his removal and capture after the 2003 invasion of Iraq. ...


In an interview with The American Conservative magazine, Robert Pape, author of the book Dying to Win, said "The central fact is that overwhelmingly suicide-terrorist attacks are not driven by religion as much as they are by a clear strategic objective: to compel modern democracies to withdraw military forces from the territory that the terrorists view as their homeland. From Lebanon to Sri Lanka to Chechnya to Kashmir to the West Bank, every major suicide-terrorist campaign — over 95 percent of all the incidents — has had as its central objective to compel a democratic state to withdraw." [4] The American Conservative (TAC) is a biweekly magazine published by Taki Theodoracopolous and edited by Scott McConnell. ...


Muslim opposition to terrorism

See also: Religious terrorism and Political terrorism

The extent of support for Islamist terrorism within the Muslim population is disputed. Many Muslims have denounced terrorism in all of its forms. The Free Muslims Coalition[5] rallied against terror, stating that they wanted to send "a message to radical Muslims and supporters of terrorism that we reject them and that we will defeat them." It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Religious violence. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Terrorism. ...


Condemnation of Islamist terrorism is varied in scope. While the United Nations, the European Union, and the United States include Hamas and Hezbollah in their condemnation of terrorism, many Muslim leaders, as well as non-Muslims in the Middle East,[6] do not always view such groups as terrorists. The following internet links point to denunciations of Islamist terrorism by Muslim leaders in different countries: Main article: League of Nations The term United Nations was coined by Franklin D. Roosevelt during World War II, to refer to the Allies. ... The Hamas emblem shows two crossed swords, the Dome of the Rock, and a map of the land they claim as Palestine (roughly, present-day Israel, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip). ... The Hezbollah flag Hezbollah (Arabic ‮حزب الله‬, meaning Party of God, for other designations or alternative spellings, see name part of this article) is a Shia Islamist group in Lebanon founded in 1982 to fight the Israeli occupation in southern Lebanon. ...

Abdel Rahman al-Rashed, a Muslim and the general manager of Arab news channel, Al-Arabiya said: "It is a certain fact that not all Muslims are terrorists, but it is equally certain, and exceptionally painful, that almost all terrorists are Muslims." While statistics do show that most recent terrorist attacks were committed by Muslims, there are several active non-Muslim terrorist groups, varying in their political and religious aims. The flag of the Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC) The Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC; Arabic: منظمة المؤتمر الإسلامي) (Turkish: İslam Konferansı Örgütü)(French: Organisation de la Conference Islamique) is an inter-governmental organization with a Permanent Delegation to the United Nations. ... Al-Arabiya is an Arabic-language satellite news channel based in Dubai, United Arab Emirates which began broadcasting in February 2003, launched with an investment of $300 million from the Saudi-owned MBC, the Lebanese Hariri Group, and others. ...


According to journalist Johann Hari, "Two-thirds of the suicide killings committed in the past two decades were not committed by Muslims." [31], [32]. Critics of this argument claim that it is misleading because Hari is referring only to to "suicide killings", and not "suicide terrorism" or "terrorism" specifically. In addition, critics often point out that Muslims commit more terrorism than any group in proportion to their fraction of the world population(estimated to be between 13% to 23%). In addition, critics also claim that Hari's statement is misleading because Islamic terrorism has been the most common form of terrorism in recent years, even if it has not been in the last two decades.[33] Johann Hari (born 1979) is a British journalist and writer. ... A Muslim is a believer in or follower of Islam. ... Islamist terrorism, sometimes called Islamic terrorism, is terrorism that is carried out to further the political and religious ambitions of a segment of the Muslim community. ...


Several Muslim leaders have issued fatwa's (declarations) that declare terrorism in any form to be harām (forbidden) by Islam.[34] However, Islamic terrorists have also issued their own fatwa's in support of Islamic terrorism. A fatwa (Arabic: ) plural fatāwa (فتاوى), is a legal pronouncement in Islam, issued by a religious law specialist on a specific issue. ... Haraam (harām) (Arabic: حرام ) is an Arabic word, used in Islam to refer to anything that is prohibited by the faith. ...


Many Muslims claim that Islām (literally translated as 'submission') comes from the same root as 'Salām', meaning 'Peace', and that Islamic terrorism, despite its claims of martyrdom, goes against the essence of Islam. According to this view, Islamic terrorism is an oxymoron. (See also: etymology of "Islam") An oxymoron (plural oxymora) (noun) is a figure of speech that combines two normally contradictory terms (e. ... Islam (Arabic: ; ( â–¶ (help· info)) , the submission to God) is a monotheistic faith, one of the Abrahamic religions and the worlds second-largest religion. ...


Islamist ideology and theology

Islamist ideology, specifically of the militant breed, often positions itself in opposition to Western society. The United States, specifically, is greatly opposed by most Islamist terrorists, scholars, and leaders. In addition to criticizing the United States for what they see as immoral secularism, many Islamists claim that Western society is actively anti-Islamic. The cultural products of western societies, and specifically of the United States, are often criticized by Islamists for the same reasons. Morality is a complex of principles based on cultural, religious, and philosophical concepts and beliefs, by which an individual determines whether his or her actions are right or wrong. ... Secularism is commonly defined as the idea that religion should not interfere with or be integrated into the public affairs of a society. ...


The lack of authoritarian restrictions on free speech is a common Islamist criticism of western democracies. Islamists have claimed that such unrestricted free speech has led to the proliferation of pornography, immorality, secularism, homosexuality, feminism, and many other ideas that Islamists often oppose. The term authoritarian is used to describe an organization or a state which enforces strong and sometimes oppressive measures against the population, generally without attempts at gaining the consent of the population. ... Pavonazzeto marble sculpture, see Erotic art in Pompeii Pornography (from Greek πορνογραφία pornographia — literally writing about or drawings of prostitutes) (also informally referred to as porn or porno) is the representation of the human body or human sexual behaviour with the goal of sexual arousal, similar to, but distinct from, erotica. ... Morality is a complex of principles based on cultural, religious, and philosophical concepts and beliefs, by which an individual determines whether his or her actions are right or wrong. ... Secularism is commonly defined as the idea that religion should not interfere with or be integrated into the public affairs of a society. ... Since its inception, the word homosexuality has acquired multiple meanings. ... Feminism is a diverse collection of social theories, political movements, and moral philosophies, largely motivated by or concerning the experiences of women, especially in terms of their social, political, and economic situation. ...


Islamists are often opposed to the (practitioners of) Christianity and Judaism. Some Islamists identify what they see as a historical struggle between Christianity and Islam, dating back as far as the Crusades, among other historical conflicts between practioners of the two respective religions. Many of the existant Islamist terrorism groups have as their central cause a Jihad (holy war) against Christians and Jews. An example is Bin Laden's Al-Qaeda, which is also known as 'International Islamic Front for Jihad Against the Jews and Crusaders'.[citation needed] Most militant Islamists oppose Israel's policies, and often its existence. Christianity is a monotheistic religion that recognizes Jesus Christ as its central figure, Lord and Messiah. ... Judaism is the religion of the Jewish people. ... This article is about historical Crusades . ... Jihad (Arabic: jihād) is an Islamic term, from the Arabic root jhd (to exert utmost effort, to strive, struggle), which connotes a wide range of meanings: anything from an inward spiritual struggle to attain perfect faith to a political or military struggle to further the Islamic cause. ...


Interpretations of the Qur'an

The Qur'an, Islam's sacred text, denounces the killing of any person who is not guilty of at least one of two crimes: The Quran (Arabic , literally the recitation; also called or The Noble Quran; also transliterated Quran, Koran, and less commonly Alcoran) is the holy book of Islam. ...

[5:32] "Whosoever killed a person – unless it be for killing a person or for creating disorder in the land – it shall be as if he killed all mankind; and whoso saved a life, it shall be as if he had saved the life of all mankind."

However, the definition of "human being" becomes an issue in the interpretation of this verse. Many fundamentalist and/or militant Muslim scholars argue that the term applies only to Muslims, and that "infidels" are subhuman.[citation needed] Many Islamists interpret the phrase "or for creating disorder in the land" as a justification for Islamist terrorism.[citation needed] See kaffir lime for the citrus fruit See kaffir for the pejorative term for black African people. ...


Some Islamists also use the following verse as justification for terrorism against Muslims of other Islamic sects:[citation needed]

[9:107] And there are those who put up a mosque by way of mischief and infidelity - to disunite the Believers - and in preparation for one who warred against Allah and His Messenger aforetime. They will indeed swear that their intention is nothing but good; But Allah doth declare that they are certainly liars.

Militant Islamists sometimes justify terrorism against fellow Muslims, in particular against regimes they consider non-Islamic, on the basis that their enemies are apostates. Islamic law traditionally designated death as the penalty for apostacy from Islam. Opinions within the Muslim community vary as to the grounds on which an individual may be declared to have apostacised. The most common view among Muslim scholars is that a declaration of takfir (designation of a Muslim as an apostate) can only be made by an established religious authority. Mainstream Muslim scholars usually oppose recourse to takfir, except in rare instances. Islamist terrorists cited takfir as justification for the assassination of Egyptian President Anwar Sadat. Apostasy (Greek απο, apo, away, apart, στασις, stasis, standing) is the formal renunciation of ones religion. ... In Shia terminology, takfir also refers to the practice of crossing the arms when standing upright during salat (or takattuf, called qabd by Sunnis). ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ...


Another relevant Qur'anic verse reads:

2.190-1: "Fight in the cause of Allah those who fight you, but do not transgress limits; for Allah loveth not transgressors. And slay them wherever ye catch them, and turn them out from where they have turned you out; for tumult and oppression are worse than slaughter; but fight them not at the Sacred Mosque, unless they (first) fight you there; but if they fight you, slay them. Such is the reward of those who suppress faith."

This verse is interpreted by Islamic scholar Ibn Kathir as forbidding attacks on non-combatants. Surat al-Baqarah (Arabic: سورة البقرة ) (the Cow) is the second, and the longest, sura of the Quran, with 286 ayat. ... The word Allāh is the Arabic term for God. However, it is used by speakers of all languages to refer to the Islamic concept of God. ... Masjid al Haram The Masjid al Haram (Arabic: ) is a mosque in the city of Mecca. ... Ibn Kathir (Arabic : بن كثير ) was an Islamic scholar born in Busra, Syria in 1301 CE. He was taught by the Islamic scholar Ibn Taymiyya in Damascus, Syria. ...


Examples of Islamist terrorist attacks

November 9 is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 52 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Amman, the capital city of Jordan. ... Location of Amman Amman (Arabic عمان ʿAmmān), the capital of the Kingdom of Jordan, is a city of more than 1. ... July 7 is the 188th day of the year (189th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 177 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The 7 July 2005 London metro bombings (also known as 7-7) were a series of co-ordinated suicide bombings on the London Underground metro train system which killed 52 civilians and injured over 700 people. ... February 4 is the 35th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 11 March is the 70th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (71st in Leap year). ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The scene of one of the Madrid bombings. ... May 16 is the 136th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (137th in leap years). ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Casablanca Attacks were a series of suicide bombings on May 16, 2003, in Casablanca, Morocco. ... Casablanca from space Hassan II Mosque A view on the Boulevard de Paris in central Casablanca Parc de la Ligue Arabe Casablanca (Arabic: الدار البيضاء, transliterated ad-Dār al-Bayḍāʼ) is a city in western Morocco, located on the Atlantic Ocean. ... October 12 is the 285th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (286th in leap years). ... 2002 (MMII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... National flags at Kuta explosion site (October 17, 2002) The 2002 Bali Bombing occurred on October 12, 2002 in the town of Kuta on the Indonesian island of Bali, killing 202 people and injuring a further 209. ... September 24 is the 267th day of the year (268th in leap years). ... 2002 (MMII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... May 7 is the 127th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (128th in leap years). ... 2002 (MMII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... March 9 is the 68th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (69th in Leap years). ... 2002 (MMII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... March 3 is the 62nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (63rd in leap years). ... 2002 (MMII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Netanya suicide attack (also known as the Netanya bombing and the Passover massacre) was a Palestinian suicide bombing in Park Hotel at Netanya on March 27, 2002. ... Passover, also known as Pesach or Pesah (פסח pesaḥ), is a Jewish holiday, beginning on the evening of the 14th day of Nisan, that commemorates The Exodus and freedom of the Children of Israel from Ancient Egypt. ... Netanya (Hebrew: נתניה) is a city in the Center District of Israel in Israel. ... February 26 is the 57th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2002 (MMII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For aerial attack with incendiary weapons, see firebombing. ... September 11 is the 254th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (255th in leap years). ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... The September 11, 2001 attacks (also referred to as 9/11) were a series of coordinated suicide attacks upon the United States of America carried out on Tuesday, September 11, 2001, in which hijackers took control of four U.S. domestic commercial airliners. ... The World Trade Center in New York City (sometimes informally referred to as the WTC) was a complex of seven buildings designed by Japanese-American architect Minoru Yamasaki and leased by Larry Silverstein from the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey around a central plaza, near the south... A pre-9/11 view of The Pentagon, looking east with the Potomac River and Washington Monument in the distance. ... August 7 is the 219th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (220th in leap years), with 146 days remaining. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... This article contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ... June 25 is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 189 days remaining. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) is a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... Building #131 after the explosion Khobar Towers is part of an housing complex in the city of Khobar, Saudi Arabia near the national oil company (Saudi Aramco) headquarters of Dhahran. ... February 26 is the 57th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... The World Trade Center in New York City (sometimes informally referred to as the WTC) was a complex of seven buildings designed by Japanese-American architect Minoru Yamasaki and leased by Larry Silverstein from the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey around a central plaza, near the south... April 18 is the 108th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (109th in leap years). ... 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The April 18, 1983, suicide bombing of the United States Embassy in Beirut, Lebanon was the deadliest attack on a US displomatic mission to that time, and is seen by some as marking the beginning of anti-US attacks by Islamic groups. ...

U.S. State Department's list of Islamist terrorist groups

[citation needed]

The Abu Sayyaf Group (ASG), or simply Abu Sayyaf, also known as Al Harakat Al Islamiyya, is a separatist group of Islamist terrorists based in and around the southern islands of the Philippines, primarily Jolo, Basilan, and Mindanao. ... The Al_Aqsa Martyrs Brigades (كتائب شهداء الاقصى) are one of the militias of Palestinian leader Yasser Arafats al_Fatah faction. ... Al-Gamaa al-Islamiyya (Arabic: ألجماعه الاسلاميه ) (Arabic for the Islamic Group; also transliterated Gamaat Islamiya, Jamaat al Islamiya, etc. ... This article or section should be merged with Gamaat Islamiya Al-Gamaa al-Islamiyya (the Islamic Group) is an Egyptian terrorist group dedicated to the overthrow of the Egyptian government and its replacement with an Islamic state. ... Al-Qaeda (Arabic: القاعدة, the foundation or the base) is the name given to a worldwide network of militant Islamist organizations under the leadership of Osama bin Laden. ... Ansar al-Islam (Arabic: انصار الاسلام, Supporters or Partisans of Islam) is a Kurdish Sunni Islamist group, promoting a radical interpretation of Islam and holy war. ... The Armed Islamic Group (GIA, from French Groupe Islamique Armé; Arabic al-Jamaah al-Islamiyah al-Musallah) is a militant Islamist group with the declared aim of overthrowing the Algerian government and replacing it with an Islamic state. ... Jaish Ansar al-Sunna or Army of the Protectors of the Sunna (faith), is an Iraq fighting US_led occupation and US_backed interim government of Iyad Allawi. ... AZF was the name of a chemical factory near Toulouse, France, which exploded on September 21, 2001. ... The Egyptian Islamic Jihad (EIJ), also called the Islamic Jihad and the Jihad Group, is an Egyptian Islamic group active since the late 1970s with origins in the Muslim Brotherhood. ... Al-Gamaa al-Islamiyya (Arabic: ألجماعه الاسلاميه ) (Arabic for the Islamic Group; also transliterated Gamaat Islamiya, Jamaat al Islamiya, etc. ... The Great Eastern Islamic Raiders Front (Ä°slami BüyükdoÄŸu Akıncılar Cephesi in Turkish, abbreviated IBDA-C) is a Islamic terrorist organization which follows the Great East ideology of Necip Fazil Kisakürek. ... The Hamas emblem shows two crossed swords, the Dome of the Rock, and a map of the land they claim as Palestine (roughly, present-day Israel, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip). ... Harkat-ul-Mujahideen is a Pakistani-Kashmiri guerrilla group. ... Hezbollah militant Guerrilla carrying Hezbollah Flag Hezbollah (Arabic ‮حزب الله‬, meaning Party of God) is a political and military organization in Lebanon founded in 1982 to fight Israel in southern Lebanon. ... The Islamic Movement of Central Asia (IMCA) is an armed militia that wants to turn Central Asia into a theocracy. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... The Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU) is a subset, militant organization, within the Islamic Movement of Central Asia, whose goal is to overthrow the secular government of Uzbekistan and replace it with an Islamic theocracy. ... Jaish-e-Mohammed or Jaishi-Mohammed (the Army of Muhammad) (formed 1994) is a Jihad militant Islamist group based in Pakistan and funded from United Kingdom (Birmingham) active in carrying out armed attacks on Indian armed forces and civilians in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. ... Shown in green is the Kashmiri region under Pakistani control. ... Jemaah Islamiyah is A COOL GROUP OF YOUNG PEOPLE DETERMINED TO CREATE A BETTER WORLD - FOR HIPPIES-, sometimes rendered Jemaah Islamiah, is a militant Islamic terrorist organization dedicated to the establishment of a fundamentalist Islamic theocracy in Southeast Asia, in particular Indonesia, Singapore, Brunei, Malaysia, and the south of Thailand... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Shown in green is the Kashmiri region under Pakistani control. ... Lashkar I Jhangvi (LJ) is a violent Sunni Muslim group located in Pakistan. ... The Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) is an active Islamic movement in the Southern Philippines. ... The Moroccan Islamic Combatant Group (Groupe Islamique Combattant Marocain, or GICM) is an extremist Islamic fundamentalist group operating in North Africa and suspected of having links with al-Qaida. ... Europe is conventionally considered one of the seven continents which, in this case, is more a cultural and political distinction than a physiogeographic one. ... The emblem of the Palestinian Islamic Jihad shows a map of the land they claim as Palestine (roughly, present-day Israel, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip) superimposed on the images of the Dome of the Rock, two fists and two rifles. ... Jamaat al-Tawhid wal Jihad members with Shosei Koda and with the banner in the background Jamaat al-Tawhid wal-Jihad (Arabic: جماعة ال�توحيد والجهاد, Monotheism and Holy Struggle Movement) is the Islamist guerrilla network of Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, a Jordanian-born Islamist militant believed operating... Abu Musab al-Zarqawi in an undated AP photograph. ...

See also

Kharijites or Khawarij(Arabic خوارج, literally those who go out [1]) is a general term embracing a variety of Islamic sects which reject the caliphate of Ali as invalid. ... Islamism refers to a set of political ideologies derived from various religious views of Muslim fundamentalists, which hold that Islam is not only a religion, but also a political system that should govern the legal, economic and social imperatives of the state. ... Militant Islam is a contentious term, often used by Western political commentators to describe the ideologies of groups viewed as participating in Islamic terrorism. ... Islamophobia is a neologism referring to a fear or prejudice towards Muslims and the religion of Islam. ... Christian terrorism refers to terroristic acts or doctrine motivated by the promotion of Christianity, either putatively or actually. ... Tenth Crusade is a term sometimes used by those opposed to the US-led occupations of Afghanistan and Iraq that followed the September 11, 2001 attacks on the United States of America. ... The War on Terrorism or War on Terror (in U.S. foreign policy circles, the global war on terrorism or GWOT ) is a campaign by the United States government and some of its allies with the stated goal of ending worldwide terrorism by stopping terrorist groups and ending state sponsorship... Criticisms of the War on Terrorism addresses the issues, morals and ethics surrounding the War on Terrorism. Arguments are also made against the phrase itself, calling it a misnomer. ...

Islamic terms/concepts

Jihad (Arabic: jihād) is an Islamic term, from the Arabic root jhd (to exert utmost effort, to strive, struggle), which connotes a wide range of meanings: anything from an inward spiritual struggle to attain perfect faith to a political or military struggle to further the Islamic cause. ... Ghazw (plural ghazawāt) is an Arabic word meaning an armed incursion for the purposes of conquest, plunder, or the capture of slaves and is cognate with the terms ghāziya and maghāzī. In pre-Islamic times it signified the plundering raids organized by nomadic Bedouin warriors against either... In Shia terminology, takfir also refers to the practice of crossing the arms when standing upright during salat (or takattuf, called qabd by Sunnis). ...

Commonly used techniques

A suicide bombing is an attack using a bomb in which the individual(s) carrying the explosive materials composing the bomb intend(s) and expect(s) to die upon detonation (see suicide). ... A car bomb is an improvised explosive device that is placed in a car or truck and is intended to be exploded while there. ... IED is also an abbreviation for Intelligent Electronic Device A large cache of munitions found in Afghanistan in 2004. ... Aircraft hijacking (also known as Skyjacking) is the take-over of an aircraft, by a person or group, usually armed. ...

Books about Islamist terrorism

Victor Davis Hanson (born 1953) is an American military historian and political essayist, best known as a scholar of ancient warfare as well as a commentator on modern warfare. ... Gilles Kepel on a Frontline documentary Gilles Kepel is a prominent French scholar of Islam and the Arab world. ... Onward Muslim Soldiers: How Jihad Still Threatens America and the West (ISBN#: 0895261006 is a topical nonfiction book by popular counter-terrorism author Robert Spencer, published in October 2003. ... The neutrality of this article is disputed. ... The War for Muslim Minds is a 2004 book by Gilles Kepel. ... Gilles Kepel on a Frontline documentary Gilles Kepel is a prominent French scholar of Islam and the Arab world. ...

External links

^  A search on Google News shows that Islamic terrorism has 412 results and Islamist terrorism has only 78. The neutrality of this article is disputed. ... Daniel Pipes Daniel Pipes is an American neoconservative [1] columnist, author, counter-terrorism analyst, and scholar of Middle Eastern history. ... The modern New York Sun is a daily newspaper published at New York City which debuted April 16, 2002. ... This article is in need of attention. ... The Jerusalem Post is an Israeli newspaper in the English language. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
THE NEW ISLAMIST INTERNATIONAL (7554 words)
The rise of this current wave of Islamist terrorism in its Sunni variant is an outgrowth of the collapse of the radical leftist Arab nationalist doctrines.
The rise of Islamist terrorism, and especially the Armed Islamic Movement, is the result of the convergence of several historical factors, including: - The impact of the Islamic Revolution in Iran on the Sunni Islamist movement dominated by the Muslim Brotherhood and its consequent impact on the ideology of the latter.
For the Islamist insurgency in Indian Kashmir, the Pakistani training and support infrastructure is crucial: Altogether, some 20,000 young Kashmiris were trained and armed by and/or in Pakis- tan in recent years and virtually all of the activities of the Islamist groups, short of recruitment, are carried out in Pakis- tani Kashmir.
Once Again on How to End Islamist Terrorism (581 words)
It is so simple that Islamist terrorism is the work of those who want to quickly get their country to become an ideal Islamist state, which they believe Islamic Republic of Iran (IRI) to be since its inception in 1979.
The above reality of Islamist terrorism is so obvious and yet it escapes the eyes of many political analysts who still hope to end terrorism with the help of some so-called "reformist" faction of IRI whose goal is not to end Islamism but is to save the Islamic state in Iran.
The Islamist terrorists of Saudi Arabia were trying to recreate another Islamist state in Saudi Arabia and elsewhere, and they committed WTC heinous crimes as part of their worldwide strategy to usher in the Islamist "paradise" on Earth, and the ones in Indonesia were hoping for the same thing in Indonesia.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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