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Encyclopedia > Islamic view of Jacob

Yaqub (in Syriac: ܝܰܥܩܽܘܒ) is a common Syriac and Arabic name. Syriac ( Suryāyā) is an Eastern Aramaic language that was once spoken across much of the Fertile Crescent. ... Arabic can mean: From or related to Arabia From or related to the Arabs The Arabic language; see also Arabic grammar The Arabic alphabet, used for expressing the languages of Arabic, Persian, Malay ( Jawi), Kurdish, Panjabi, Pashto, Sindhi and Urdu, among others. ...

The biblical figure Jacob most commonly referred to in Islam as Yaqub, also Yacoub, is a prophet on Islam and mentioned in the Qur'an. The Islamic view of Jacob differs from Judaism and Christianity's view of the same figure. Jacob Wrestling with the Angel – Gustave Doré, 1855 Jacob or Yaakov, (Hebrew: יַעֲקֹב, Standard  Tiberian ; Arabic: يعقوب, ; holds the heel), also known as Israel (Hebrew: יִשְׂרָאֵל, Standard  Tiberian ; Arabic: اسرائيل, ; Struggled with God), is the third Biblical patriarch. ... Islam (Arabic:  ) is a monotheistic religion based upon the teachings of Muhammad, a 7th century Arab religious and political figure. ... Prophets of Islam are human beings who are regarded by Muslims to be prophets. ... Islam (Arabic:  ) is a monotheistic religion based upon the teachings of Muhammad, a 7th century Arab religious and political figure. ... The Qurān [1] (Arabic: ‎, literally the recitation; also called ‎ The Noble Qurān; also transliterated as Quran, Koran, and Al-Quran) is the central religious text of Islam. ... Judaism is the religion of the Jewish people. ... // Christianity is a monotheistic[1] religion centered on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as presented in the New Testament. ...


Yaqub was born to Ishaq (the biblical Isaac), and was thus the grandson of Ibrahim (the biblical Abraham). Yaqub was born in Canaan. Like his father and grandfather he was a prophet of God who preached the oneness of God. Yaqub had twelve sons and a daughter. His sons would go on to father the Twelve Tribes of Israel. Among his sons was another prophet named Yusuf (the biblical Joseph). Ishaq (Arabic إسحق) is a prophet of Islam mentioned in the Quran. ... It has been suggested that Ishaq be merged into this article or section. ... Ibrahim (Arabic: ابراهيم), also known as Abraham, is very important in Islam, both in his own right as prophet and as the father of the prophet Ismail (Ishmael), his firstborn son, who is considered the Father of the Arabs. ... The angel prevents the sacrifice of Isaac (Rembrandt, 1634) Abraham (Hebrew: , Standard Avraham Ashkenazi Avrohom or Avruhom Tiberian  ; Arabic: ,  ; Geez: , ) is regarded as the founding patriarch of the Israelites and of the Nabataean people in Jewish, Christian and Islamic tradition. ... Canaan (Canaanite: כנען, Hebrew: , Greek: Χαναάν whence Latin: Canaan; and from Hebrew, Aramaic: whence Arabic: ‎). Canaan is an ancient term for a region approximating present-day Israel(94%.) and West Bank and Gaza plus adjoining coastal lands and parts of Lebanon and Syria. ... This is a list of the Tribes of Israel. ... Yusuf (Arabic: يوسف, also Yousef, Yousuf, Yusef, or Yosef) is a prophet in the Quran, the holy scriptures of Islam. ... Joseph interprets the dream of the Pharaoh. ...

Contents

Yaqub in the Qur'an

When Abraham felt that his life was drawing to a close, he wished to see Isaac married. He did not want Isaac to marry one of the Canaanites, who were pagans, so he sent a trustworthy servant to Haran in Iraq to choose a bride for Isaac. The servant's choice fell upon Rebekah Bint Bethuel, Ibn Nahor, who was a brother of Abraham. Isaac married her and she gave birth to a set of twins, Esau (Al Eis) and Jacob (Yaqub).


The Qur'an does not give many details of Jacob’s life, though it says he was a righteous prophet, and of the company of the Elect and the Good, who received inspiration from God (38:47, 21:75). God perfected his favor on Jacob and his posterity as he perfected his favor on Abraham and Isaac (12:6). He was a man of might and vision (38:45) and was chosen by God to preach the Message.


The Qur'an stresses that worshiping and bowing to the one true God (Arabic: Allah) was the main legacy of Jacob and his fathers (2:132-133). The Qur'an states that salvation hinges upon this legacy rather than being Jew or Christian (See 2:130-141). For other uses, see Allah (disambiguation). ...


Say (O Muslims): "We believe in Allah and that which has been sent down to us and that which had been sent down to Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob and to Al Asbat (the twelve sons of Jacob), and that which has been given to Moses and Jesus and that which has been given to the Prophets from their Lord. We make no distinction between any of them, and to Him we have submitted (in Islam)."


Yaqub(Jacob) is also known as Israeel and his people(Israelites) are known as Bani Israeel and mentioned in the Qur'an at several places.


Nation of Islam

For more details on this topic, see Yakub.

In the mythology of the black nationalist movement the Nation of Islam,( which is not to be confused with Islam, the religion of Muslims)Jacob's name is spelled Yakub. Instead of being seen as the father of the twelve tribes of Israel he is presented as an evil scientist who created the white race by genetic experimentation on an isolated group of the original black peoples of the world, conducted on the island of Patmos. Breeding this white race took six hundred years. Yakub's progeny are destined by God to be the ruling race of the world for an allotted period of six thousand years, before the original black race regains dominance, a process that is supposed to have begun in 1914. Originating with Wallace Fard Muhammad, the prophet of the Nation of Islam, the sources of this idiosyncratic theory have yet to be fully traced, but probably derive from anti-Semitic ideas of the time according to which Jews are an "artificial race". This notion is then generalised to white people, of which Jews are perceived as a sub-group. The teachings of the Nation of Islam are regarded by Muslims as blasphemy. According to the Nation of Islam (NOI), Yakub (also spelled Yacub or Yakob), was an evil scientist responsible for creating the white race — a race of devils, in their view. ... Black nationalism is a political and social movement prominent in the 1960s and early 70s among African Americans in the United States. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... According to the Nation of Islam (NOI), Yakub (also spelled Yacub or Yakob), was an evil scientist responsible for creating the white race — a race of devils, in their view. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... For a non-technical introduction to the topic, please see Introduction to genetics. ... Skala viewed from the Monastery of Agios Ioannis Theologos, one of the UN World Heritage Sites. ... 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Wallace Fard Muhammad (1877-1893? – ?) was a preacher and founder of the Black-nationalist movement the Nation of Islam (NOI), establishing its first mosque in Detroit, Michigan. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ...


External Links

  • Yaqub (Alayhis salaam)
  • Prophet Yaqub (Jacob)
  • The Story of Ya'qub (Jacob)
  • Treatment of Cataract from the Qur'ân
  • Ishaaq (Isaac) and Yaqub (Jacob)

References to Jacob in the Qur'an

  • Appraisals for Jacob: 6:84, 19:50, 21:72, 21:73, 38:45, 38:46, 38:47
  • Jacob's prophecy: 4:163, 6:84, 12:6, 19:49, 21:73
  • Jacob's preaching 2:132, 2:133, 2:136, 2:140, 3:84, 21:73
  • Food's refusal: 3:93
  • Love for Joseph: 12:8, 12:13, 12:84, 12:85, 12:87, 12:94, 12:95
  • Jacob's attributes: 12:86, 12:96, 38:45
  • Jacob's family: 2:136, 2:140, 3:84, 4:163, 7:160

The Qurān [1] (Arabic: ‎, literally the recitation; also called ‎ The Noble Qurān; also transliterated as Quran, Koran, and Al-Quran) is the central religious text of Islam. ...

See also

Jacob Wrestling with the Angel – Gustave Doré, 1855 Jacob or Yaakov, (Hebrew: יַעֲקֹב, Standard  Tiberian ; Arabic: يعقوب, ; holds the heel), also known as Israel (Hebrew: יִשְׂרָאֵל, Standard  Tiberian ; Arabic: اسرائيل, ; Struggled with God), is the third Biblical patriarch. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Prophets of Islam are human beings who are regarded by Muslims to be prophets. ...

Notes

    References

    • Encyclopaedia of Islam Online. Ed. P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Brill Academic Publishers. ISSN 1573-3912.
    Prophets of Islam in the Qur'an
    Adam Idris Nuh Hud Saleh Ibrahim Lut Ismail Is'haq Yaqub Yusuf Ayub
    آدم ادريس نوح هود صالح إبراهيم لوط اسماعيل اسحاق يعقوب يوسف أيوب
    Adam Enoch Noah Eber Shelah Abraham Lot Ishmael Isaac Jacob Joseph Job

    Shoaib Musa Harun Dhul-Kifl Daud Sulayman Ilyas Al-Yasa Yunus Zakariya Yahya Isa Muhammad
    شعيب موسى هارون ذو الكفل داود سليمان إلياس اليسع يونس زكريا يحيى عيسى محمد
    Jethro Moses Aaron Ezekiel David Solomon Elijah Elisha Jonah Zacharias John Jesus
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