Islamic sociology is a discipline of Islamic studies. Contents | Overviews | Academia | Topics | Basic topics | Tables | Glossaries | Portals | Categories // This is a list of academic disciplines. ... Islamic Studies is the academic discipline which focuses on Islamic issues. ...
Early Muslim sociology responded to the challenges of social organization of diverse peoples all under common religious organization in the Islamic caliphate, the Abbasid and later Mamluk period in Egypt. ...
Dale Eickelman, Professor of Anthropology and Human Relations, writes in Encyclopedia of the Qur'an that:  Encyclopedia of Quran (EQ) is an scholarly work published by Brill Academic Publishers. ...
Writing in 1960s, sociologist Robert Bellah (Beyond belief) argued that Islam in its seventh-century origins was, for its time and place, "remarkably modern...in the high degree of commitment, involvement, and participation expected from the rank-and-file members of the community." Its leadership positions were open, and divine revelation emphasized equality among believers. Bellah argues that the restraints that kept the early Muslim community from "wholly exemplifying" these modern principles underscore the modernity of the basic message of the Qur'an, which exhorted its initial audience in seventh-century Arabia to break through the "stagnant localisms" of tribe and kinship. In making such statements, Bellah suggests that the early Islamic community placed a particular value on individuals, as opposed to collective or group responsibility (q.v.), so that efforts by contemporary Muslims to depict the early Islamic community as an egalitarian and participant one are not unwarranted. Robert Neelly Bellah is a sociologist at University of California at Berkeley and author of a number of books including Habits of the Heart: Individualism and Commitment in American Life. ...
Frederick M. Denny, Professor of Islamic Studies and the History of Religions, concludes his article on Community and Society in the Qur'an (cf. Encyclopedia of the Qur'an) by the following remark about the idea of Muslim community (umma), developed by the Qur'an:  Encyclopedia of Quran (EQ) is an scholarly work published by Brill Academic Publishers. ...
Surely the most enduring and influential qur'anic idea of community is that of umma and so flexible is it in specific social, religious, and political terms that it can be embraced across a wide range of concerns by Muslims without their losing a general sense of common cause and consensus concerning the big question of belief and the proper conduct of life both individually and communally. Indeed, the umma idea has enabled Muslims to endure serious setbacks as in the times of western colonialism when political power was at a lower point in many Muslim regions. What is more, the umma ideal does not require a unified political order among Muslims in order to be realized and activated... Whenever one looks in the spreading Muslim populations of today..., the Qur'anic formulations and models of social and communal life of Muslims predominate and provide an ever fresh and innovative approach to defining what is meant to be Muslim and how to live in a pluralistic world alongside other communities and societies, whether religious or secular in nature.
^ “Social Sciences and the Qur’an,” in Encyclopedia of the Qur’an, vol. 5, ed. Jane Dammen McAuliffe. Leiden: Brill, pp. 66-76.
^ “Community and Soceity in the Qur'an,” in Encyclopedia of the Qur’an, vol. 1, ed. Jane Dammen McAuliffe. Leiden: Brill, pp. 385.
Conventional sociology is bred on a highly abstract rationality and contemporary empirical sociology operates within a pragmatic framework: Neither the one tradition or the other is hospitable to a concrete ethical orientation that could bridge the gap between belief and action, or knowledge and being.
It is the concern of the New Sociology to attend to this area of contiguity and extension in order to assure the maximum opportunities for moral attainment at the level of the collective as well as of its constituent units beginning with the family and not ignoring the individual.
With the integration of gender in the concerns of a mainstream sociology the relocation of woman away from the margin where she presently hovers in the dominant sociology, and her restitution to the center is complete.
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