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Encyclopedia > Islamic holidays

Islamic holidays In Islam there are two major annual holidays: Eid ul-Fitr and Eid ul-Adha. For other uses, including people named Islam, see Islam (disambiguation). ... Eid ul-Fitr (Arabic: عيد الفطر), often abbreviated as simply Eid, sometimes spelled Eid al-Fitr in the Roman alphabet, is an Islamic holiday that marks the end of Ramadan, the month of fasting. ... Eid ul-Adha (Arabic: عيد الأضحى) occurs on the tenth day of the Islamic month of Dhul Hijja. ...

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Eid Al-Fitr

Eid (عيد) is the Arabic word for feast. Eid ul-Fitr (عيد الفطر) is the holiday celebrating the end of Ramadan and the month-long fast. During Ramadan, Muslims all over the world fast from sun rise to sun down, having their first daily meal at sun down prayer time. The purpose of fasting is to teach Muslims patience and humility, as well as to remind Muslims that they are fortunate and should help the needy and less fortunate. After sun down of the last day of Ramadan, Eid ul-Fitr starts. In the early morning of the first day of Shawwal (first day of the Eid), Muslims perform a ritual prayer called the Eid prayer. Sweets, food, and non-alcoholic drinks are distributed in mosques and houses. Celebrations extend up to three days in Islamic countries. The word Eid can mean several things: There are two Islamic festivals of Eid: One is called Eid ul-Fitr that marks the end of the holy month of Ramadan, The other is Eid ul-Adha which is celebrated to commemorate Prophet Ibrahims willingness to sacrifice his son for... Ramadan or Ramadhan (Arabic: رمضان) is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar and the holiest month in Islam. ...


Eid Al-Adha

Eid ul-Adha (عيد الأضحى), also called the big holiday, falls approximately 70 days after Eid ul-Fitr and is celebrated in honor of the prophet Abraham when he intended to sacrifice his son Ishmael as a proof of his loyalty to God. Eid ul-Adha is translated into English as "The Feast of Sacrifice", when Muslims all over the world present an animal (usually a cow) sacrifice as a gratitude action for God saving the Prophet Ismail's life. The slaughtered animal meat is divided into thirds, one for the person who is presenting the beast, one to be distributed to his poor relatives, and the last third for the needy, regardless of their religion, race, or nationality. As with Eid ul-Fitr, there is an early morning prayer for the Eid, and celebrations are extended for three days. Tomb of Abraham Abraham (between 2000 BC/BCE and 1500 BC/BCE) (Hebrew: אברהם, Standard Avraham Ashkenazi Avrohom or Avruhom Tiberian  ; Arabic: ابراهيم,  ; Geez: አብርሃም,  ; Father/Leader of many) is regarded as the founding patriarch of the Israelites whom God chose to bless and be a blessing to all the families of... Expulsion of Ishmael and His Mother. ...


Islamic New Year

The 1st of Muharram is the New Year on the Islamic Calendar. In Arabic, the new year is called, "R'as as-Sana"


Ashura

Ashura is celebrated on the ninth and tenth day of Muharram on the Islamic Calendar. Ashura is an Arabic word meaning "ten", and it is a day of optional fasting. Jews in the city of Madina fasted only one day, so the Prophet Muhammad would fast two. For Sunni Muslims, this is a day of celebration, because it was the day that Noah's Ark came to rest, Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham) was born, and the Kabah was built. For Shiites, it is a day of mourning, because it is the day that Muhammad's grandson, Hussein, was killed at the battle of Kerbala.


Mawlid An-Nabi

Mawlid An-Nabi (Arabic for "The birth of the prophet") celebrates Prophet Muhammad's birthday. It is on the twelfth of Rabi Al-Awwal on the Islamic Calendar. This occasion was not celebrated in the early times of Islam and is therefore unevenly celebrated today, with great and festive celebrations in many Muslim countries (i.e. Egypt and Turkey) and none in others (i.e. Saudi Arabia).


Laylatul Qadr

Laylat Al-Qadr is Arabic for "The night of power". It falls on one of the last ten days of Ramadan on an odd numbered day. In the Quran it is said to be equal to ten thousand months.


External links

  • "Eid"
  • "Ramadan"
  • http://www.geocities.com/ahmedbinshakil/al-salah
  • [1]

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Islam - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (5264 words)
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