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Encyclopedia > Islamic Republic of Iran Railways
Islamic Republic of Iran Railways
System map
Locale Iran
Track gauge ft 8½ in (1435 mm) (standard gauge)
Headquarters Tehran

The Islamic Republic of Iran Railways (IR) is the national state-owned railway system of Iran. Raja Passenger Train Company is an associate of the IR and manages its passenger trains including international trains between Tehran and Istanbul and Tehran and Damascus. The Railway Transportation Company is an associate of the IR to manage its freight transport. The Iranian Ministry of Roads and Transportation is the state agency that oversees the IR. Image File history File links IRIR.logo. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1142x1042, 290 KB) Summary Iranian Rail Network Map As of 09-2006. ... The dominant rail gauge in each country shown Rail gauge is the distance between the inner sides of the two parallel rails that make up a railway track. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... An inch (plural: inches; symbol or abbreviation: in or, sometimes, ″ - a double prime) is the name of a unit of length in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... A millimetre (American spelling: millimeter, symbol mm) is an SI unit of length that is equal to one thousandth of a metre. ... As railways developed and expanded one of the key issues to be decided was that of the rail gauge (the distance between the two rails of the track) which should be used. ... For other uses, see Tehran (disambiguation). ... railroads redirects here. ... For other uses, see Tehran (disambiguation). ... Istanbul (Turkish: , Greek: , historically Byzantium and later Constantinople; see other names) is Turkeys most populous city, and its cultural and financial center. ... For other uses, see Damascus (disambiguation). ...

Contents

History

In the second half of the 19th century, during the time of Nasser-al-Din Shah, a short horse-driven suburban railway was established south of Tehran that was later converted to steam. This line was closed in 1952. Nasser-al-Din Shah The Shah, on his European tour, in The Royal Albert Hall, London Nasser-al-Din Shah Qajar (Persian: ناصرالدین شاه قاجار; also Nassereddin Shah or Nassiruddin Shah) (July 16, 1831 - May 1, 1896) was the Shah of Persia from September 17, 1848 until his death on May 1, 1896. ...


The TabrizJolfa line (146 km) was built in 1914, the Sufiyan–Sharaf Khaneh (53 km) in 1916, and the Mirjaveh–Zahedan (93 km) in 1920. Tabriz (Azeri and Persian: تبریز; is the largest city in north-western Iran with an estimated population of 1,597,319 (2007 est. ... This article is about a city in northwest Iran. ... Zahedan (Persian: زاهدان) is an Iranian city and the capital of the province of Sistan and Baluchistan. ...


In 1939 the Trans-Iranian Railway was opened. This 1,392 km long connection links Bandar Torkaman on the Caspian Sea and Bandar Imam Khomeyni (formerly Bandar Shahpur) on the Persian Gulf. After the Anglo-Soviet invasion of Iran in 1941, this Persian Corridor became one of the supply routes for war material for the Soviet Union during World War II. The Trans-Iranian Railway was a major railway building project started in the 1930s and finished in 1939, under the direction of the Persian monarch, Reza Shah, to construct a basic network of railways joining the capital Tehran to the Persian Gulf and Caspian Sea. ... Bandar Torkaman or Bandar-e Torkoman (Persian بندری تورخومان, formerly Bandar Shah) is a port in Iran on the Caspian Sea. ... The Caspian Sea is the largest enclosed body of water on Earth by area, variously classed as the worlds largest lake or a full-fledged sea. ... Bandar Imam Khomeini (Persian بندرامام خمینی) is a port city on the Persian Gulf in the Khuzestan province in southwestern Iran. ... Map of the Persian Gulf. ... Combatants Allies (UK, India and USSR) Persia/ Iran The Anglo-Soviet invasion of Persia was the invasion of Iran by the United Kingdom and the Soviet Union, codenamed Operation Countenance, from August 25 to September 17 of 1941. ... For other uses, see 1941 (disambiguation). ... The Persian Corridor is the name for a supply route through Iran into Soviet Azerbaijan by which British aid and American Lend-Lease supplies were transferred to the Soviet Union during World War II. Map of Iran & Borders with former Soviet Republics of Armenia, Turkmenistan and Azerbaijan // Background Note: The... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


Challenging construction

The Trans-Iranian railway traverses many mountain ranges, and is full of spirals and 1 in 36 ruling grades. Much of the terrain was unmapped when construction took place, and its geology unknown. Several stretches of line, including tunnels, were built through unsuitable geology, and had to be replaced even before the line opened. Nevertheless, the line was completed ahead of schedule. A schematic of a simple spiral A spiral (sometimes called a spiral loop) is a technique employed by railways to ascend steep hills. ... The ruling gradient of a section of railway line, is the steepest section. ...


Operations

In 2008, the IR operated 11,106 km rail[1]. Almost all of this is standard gauge of 1,435 mm (4 ft 8½ in), but 94 km are broad gauge (1.520m) to link up to ex-Soviet Union border states. There is also the isolated broad gauge section from Zahedan to the Pakistan border that continues to Quetta and the Indian sub-continent (1.676m). The extent of double-track lines is 1,082 km. The Jolfa–Tabriz line is electrified (148 km). In 2006, IR reported that it possess 565 engines, 1,192 passenger coaches, and 16,330 wagons. The vast majority of the engines are diesel-powered. As railways developed and expanded one of the key issues to be decided was that of the rail gauge (the distance between the two rails of the track) which should be used. ... This article is about the fuel. ...


The majority of transportation in Iran is road-based. The government plans to transport 3.5% of the passenger volume and 8.5 % of the freight volume by rail. Extensive electrification is planned. The railway network expands by about 500 km per year according to the Ministry of R&T. Major routes and railways of Iran Iran has an extensive paved road system linking most of its towns and all of its cities. ...


Affiliate companies

  • Raja Passenger Train Company is an associate of the Islamic Republic of Iran Railways (IR) and manages its passenger trains, including international trains linking Tehran to Istanbul and Damascus. Raja Passenger Train Company carried more than 4 million passengers during 2003-05. The number of passengers traveling by rail increased from 11.7 million in 2000 to 17.3 million in the year ending March 2005.
  • Railway Transportation Company is also a subsidiary of the IR to manage its freight transport while the Ministry of Roads and Transportation is the state agency that oversees the IR.
  • Zarand Company is providing the national railroad system with freight and passenger train carriages.[2]

The Islamic Republic of Iran Railways, the Iran Power Plant Projects Management (Mapna) and Germany’s Siemens have signed a contract for constructing 150 locomotives for passenger trains. Under the contract, the German company is committed to export to Iran some 30 locomotives in the first phase and manufacture another 120 using domestic capacities and expertise over the next six years.[3] For other uses, see Tehran (disambiguation). ... Istanbul (Turkish: , Greek: , historically Byzantium and later Constantinople; see other names) is Turkeys most populous city, and its cultural and financial center. ... For other uses, see Damascus (disambiguation). ... MAPNA Profile Iran Power Plant Projects Management Co. ... Siemens has the following uses: Siemens is a German family name carried by generations of the telecommunications industrialists, including Werner von Siemens, Sir William Siemens, Wilhelm von Siemens and Peter von Siemens Siemens AG is a German electrical and telecommunications company, founded as a telegraph equipment manufacturer by Werner von...


Network and corridors

The railway network converges on Tehran and connects all major parts of the country with the exception of the Southeast. Importantly, Iran lies at the crossroads of East-West and North-South transportation corridors that are active or potentially active. The western railway extension links to Turkey at the Razi–Kapikoi border. A northern connection to Azerbaijan, the Caucasus, and Russia has a bogie-changing station at the border at Jolfa. The southern routes connect Tehran to the Persian Gulf ports of Bandar Imam and Bandar Abbas. A line to the Caspian Sea ends at the terminal of Amir Abad and at Bandar Torkaman, and is part of a North-South corridor to Russia and Scandinavia. The north-east corridor connects Mashad and continues further to the bogie-changing station at Sarakh. For the landlocked countries of Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Kazakhstan, this line provides access to the sea. A recent connection from Mashad to Bafqh has significantly shortened access to the harbor of Bandar Abbas.[4] A crossroads (the word rarely appears in singular) is a road junction, where two or more roads meet (there are three or more arms). ... The M1 Motorway was built alongside the West Coast Main Line in Northamptonshire. ... Rhazes-Treating a Patient (artist unknown) Abu Bakr Mohammad Ibn Zakariya al-Razi (born in Rayy, Iran, 864; died in Baghdad, Iraq, 930 AD) was a versatile Persian philosopher (hakim), who made fundamental and lasting contributions to the fields of medicine, chemistry (alchemy) and philosophy. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Caucasus Mountains. ... Bandar Imam Khomeini (Persian بندرامام خمینی) is a port city on the Persian Gulf in the Khuzestan province in southwestern Iran. ... Categories: Iran geography stubs | Cities in Iran | Coastal cities ... A province of Tehran in northern Tehran. ... Bandar Torkaman or Bandar-e Torkoman (Persian بندری تورخومان, formerly Bandar Shah) is a port in Iran on the Caspian Sea. ... For other uses, see Scandinavia (disambiguation). ...


Link to Central Asia

In recent years the railways have undergone significant extensions including the 1977 linking to the western railway system at the Turkish border, the 1993 opening of the Bandar Abbas line providing better access to the sea, and the 1996 opening of the MashadSarakhs branch as part of the Silk Road railway to link to the landlocked Central Asian Countries. Former states of the Soviet Union have railways using a wider gauge, thus the Iranian Railways maintain break-of-gauge services at borders to Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan, and beyond brief wide-track rail segments to the border crossing. In 2007, Russian Railways, Iranian Railways and Azerbaijani State Railways agreed on implementing the project to build a new railways line between Qazvin, Resht, Astara (Iran) and Astara (Azerbaijan). [5] Categories: Iran geography stubs | Cities in Iran | Coastal cities ... Imam Reza Shrine Tomb of Nader Shah Afshar, a popular tourist attraction in Mashad. ... Sarakhs is a city located in the northeastern part of the province of Razavi Khorasan, Iran. ... For other uses, see Silk Road (disambiguation). ... With railways, a break-of-gauge is where a line of one gauge meets a line of a different gauge. ... Russian Railways emblem Russian Railways electric locomotive VL10 Russian Railways (Russian: ), is the state-owned railway company of Russia. ... For other uses, see Qazvin (disambiguation). ... Map of Iran and surrounding countries, showing location of Rasht Rasht (sometimes spelled Resht) is the capital of Gilan province in northwestern Iran (Persia). ... Astara is also the name of a rayon in Azerbaijan, see Astara, Azerbaijan Astara is a city in the Iranian province of Gilan. ... Astara is also the name of a rayon in Azerbaijan, see Astara, Azerbaijan Astara is a city in the Iranian province of Gilan. ...


Iran extends its railway system to Iraq, Syria and Afghanistan

Also under construction are the KhorramshahrBasra and the Kermanshah-Baghdad line as a link with southern and northern Iraq,[6] and a line connecting from Mashad to Herat in Afghanistan in the Eastern part of the country. Khorramshahr (Persian: خرمشهر) is a port city in Khuzestan province in southwestern Iran. ... This article is about the city of Basra. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Baghdad (Arabic: ) is the capital of Iraq and of Baghdad Governorate. ... Herāt (Persian: ‎ ) is a city in western Afghanistan, in the province also known as Herāt. ...


International Standard Gauge route to Europe

The route to the west into Turkey terminates at Van with a 90km (55 mile) train ferry for both freight wagons and international passenger traffic (baggage car only) across Lake Van, which is at an altitude of 1650m, to Tatvan. The standard gauge route continues via Ankara to Istanbul via another train ferry between the Haydarapasa terminus on the eastern side of the Bosphorus and the Sirecki terminus on the European shore. This crossing will be bypassed by the Marmaray Crossing, a dual track rail tunnel, due to open in 2009. A loaded train ferry approaching the dock in Detroit, Michigan, April 1943. ... Marmaray is the name for a project to link the European and Anatolian halves of Istanbul by an undersea rail tunnel across the Bosphorus strait. ...


Link to Pakistan

Current projects include a line from Kerman eastward via Bam to Zahedan to link up with Pakistan and connect to Quetta.[7] This connection will bridge the last gap of rail connection between the Indian subcontinent and Europe. The link is due to open by December 2008 (confirmed by Chief of Iranian Railways in mid-2007). Various sections can be seen under construction on Google Earth maps updated to 2007. A bogie changing station is under construction south of Zahedan but Iran Railways is seeking to persuade Pakistan Railways to convert its route to Quetta to standard gauge to facilitate the flow of international traffic to Europe. Pakistan responded in 2006 with a statement that it is to convert its network to standard gauge (1.435m), and would plan a link with the standard gauge system of China.[8] For the U.S. city, see Kerman, California. ... Bam or BAM may mean: Bam, Iran Bam Province, Burkina Faso ISO 639 code for Bambara language Bam Margera An onomatopoeia for a sound. ... Zahedan (Persian: زاهدان) is an Iranian city and the capital of the province of Sistan and Baluchistan. ...   (Urdu: کوئٹہ) also spelled Kwatah city is a variation of kwatkot, a Pashto word meaning “fort,”. It is the largest city and provincial capital and district of Baluchistan Province, Pakistan. ... Bogie exchange is a system for operating railway wagons on two or more gauges to overcome difference in the rail gauge. ...   (Urdu: کوئٹہ) also spelled Kwatah city is a variation of kwatkot, a Pashto word meaning “fort,”. It is the largest city and provincial capital and district of Baluchistan Province, Pakistan. ...


References

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ "Privatizing Railways", Iran Daily, 2006-12-30. 
  3. ^ "Iran Manufactures 1st Express Train", Iran Daily, 2007-02-03. 
  4. ^ David Brice. "Iran plans 50% network expansion as Mashhad - Bafgh line opens", Railway Gazette International, 2005-05-01. 
  5. ^ http://www.railpage.com.au/f-t11332208.htm RailPage
  6. ^ "Iran Iraq links", Railway Gazette International, 2005-09-01. 
  7. ^ Dr John Stubbs. "Closing the gap from Bam to Zahedan", Railway Gazette International, 2007-01-01. 
  8. ^ "Pointers", Railway Gazette International, 2007-02-01. 

Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 34th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Railway Gazette International is a monthly business journal covering the railway, metro, light rail and tram industries worldwide. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 121st day of the year (122nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Railway Gazette International is a monthly business journal covering the railway, metro, light rail and tram industries worldwide. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Railway Gazette International is a monthly business journal covering the railway, metro, light rail and tram industries worldwide. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Railway Gazette International is a monthly business journal covering the railway, metro, light rail and tram industries worldwide. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

See also

Wagon Pars is an Iranian train manufacturing company established in 1974. ... // Railways total: 6,130 km broad gauge: 94 km 1. ... Rah Ahan (راه آهن in Persian) is a football team based in Tehran, Iran. ...

External links

  • Official Website
  • Ministry of transportation website
  • Raja website
  • North–South corridor
  • Unofficial website
  • 2005 update on status of Iran's railways
This is a list of countries spanning more than one continent. ...

 
 

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