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Encyclopedia > Islamic Republic of Iran Navy
Iranian Navy
Image:Iran Navy ensign.png

Hierarchical Structure
History
History of the Iranian Navy
Personnel
List of senior officers
Iran's Navy Ranks Insignia
Equipment
Historical Vessels
Current Vessels
Other Weapon Systems
Islamic Republic of Iran Navy
Branches & Manpower
Navy 20,600
Marines 5,000
Total 25,600
Commander of the Navy
One of Iran's 6 Kilo class submarines

The Iranian Navy has traditionally been the smallest branch of Iran's armed forces and is designed solely for securing its own ports and coast, with little in the way of striking power. Before 1971, the Iranian Navy mostly operated equipment provided by the United States and the United Kingdom. Over the following eight years, the fleet added more modern American and British-made destroyers, frigates and many smaller vessels, including powerboats and hovercraft. The Islamic Republic of Iran Navy is the naval force of Iran. ... Categories: | | | ... Traditionally, located in the shallow waters of the Persian Gulf, Iran has never been a great sea faring country and its navy has always been the smallest of its military forces. ... The following individuals commanded the Iranian Navy at one point in their careers. ... See Also Military of Iran The Islamic Republic of Iran ... Iranian frigate Sabalan (1972-): Damaged by US aircraft in 1988 in U.S. Operation Praying Mantis. ... As of 2005 // Kilo class (3) SSI (3) Damavand Battle [UK] 1 Babr&pallang Allen M. Sumner [USA] 2 no active Alvand (Saam) class (Vosper Mk5 type) light patrol frigates Displacement: 1,540 tons full load Dimensions: 94. ... Missile Torpedos Hoot (missile) Categories: | | | ... Kilo class submarine File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Kilo class submarine File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Kilo class is the NATO reporting name for a type of military diesel-electric submarines that are made in Russia. ... The multinational Combined Task Force One Five Zero (CTF-150) The British Grand Fleet, the supreme naval force of World War I A rare occurrence of a 5-country multinational fleet, during Operation Enduring Freedom in the Oman Sea. ... Iranian soldiers The Armed Forces of the Islamic Republic of Iran (نيروههاي مسلع جمهوري اسلامي ايران) include the Military, the IRGC, and the Police (نيروي انتظامي) Force [1]. These forces total about 545,000 personnel. ... USS Lassen, an Arleigh Burke-class destroyer In naval terminology, a destroyer is a fast and maneuverable yet long-endurance warship intended to escort larger vessels in a fleet or battle group and defend them against smaller, short-range attackers (originally torpedo boats, later submarines and aircraft). ... Sailing frigates were 4th, 5th, or 6th-rated ships in the rating system of the Royal Navy. ... Categories: Stub | Boat types ... BHC SR-N4 The worlds largest car and passenger carrying hovercraft A Hovercraft, or Air-Cushion Vehicle (ACV), is an amphibious vehicle or craft, designed to travel over any sufficiently smooth surface - land or water - supported by a cushion of slowly moving, low-pressure air, ejected downwards against the...


In the 1970s, Iran planned to extend its naval reach into the Indian Ocean; but this goal was curtailed by the Islamic Revolution (1979), the Iran–Iraq War (1980–1988), and limited funding ever since. This has left the navy with a limited ability to project power from the Persian Gulf into the Arabian Sea through submarines and larger surface ships. The last Shah of Iran ordered four modern destroyers from the United States, an order that was cancelled after the Shah fell. The ships were instead commissioned in the U.S. Navy as the Kidd class. The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, In the Western world, the focus shifted from the social activism of the sixties to social activities for ones own pleasure, save for environmentalism, which continued in a very visible way. ... Navy is also:- shorthand for Navy Blue the nickname of the United States Naval Academy A navy is the branch of the armed forces of a nation that operates primarily on water. ... Protestors take to the street in support of Ayatollah Khomeini. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Map of the Arabian Sea. ... One of the worlds longest-lasting monarchies, the Iranian monarchy went through many transformations over the centuries, from the days of Persia to the creation of what is now modern day Iran. ... USS Lassen, an Arleigh Burke-class destroyer In naval terminology, a destroyer is a fast and maneuverable yet long-endurance warship intended to escort larger vessels in a fleet or battle group and defend them against smaller, short-range attackers (originally torpedo boats, later submarines and aircraft). ... The United States Navy, also known as the USN or the U.S. Navy, is a branch of the United States armed forces responsible for conducting naval operations. ... USS Scott, a Kidd class destroyer. ...


After the Islamic Revolution, the United States levied economic, trade and military sanctions on Iran, squeezing in particular the Navy, which had several ships laid up.


In the 1990s, the Navy added patrol boats, submarines, and surface-launched anti-ship missiles, and replaced Western ships with ones bought from China, North Korea, and Russia. During that time, it also engaged in naval exercises with Pakistan and India. For the band, see 1990s (band). ...


In terms of major surface ships, Iran's three destroyers are over 50 years old and none of them are operational. Completely lacking in capital ships, Iran's largest ships are five frigates and two corvettes, all of which are armed with modern anti-ship missiles but three of five frigates (Vosper Mark 5), commissioned over 25 years ago, is almost non-existent, although efforts have been made to arm these ships with Chinese C-802 missiles. Iran's two corvettes commissioned over 30 years ago. These seven ships are supported by three Russian SSK Kilo and three SSI attack submarines and Ghadir and Nahang class mini submarines.[1] [2] [3] [4] This Kilo is considered to be the quietest diesel submarine there is. The core of Iran's fighting ships are several Chinese, French and Iranian made small missile boats. In particular there are five Chinese Cat-14 fast attack catamarans of very recent design and build. These catamarans are believed to travel at 50 knots, and are extremely stable and mobile. All five catamarans are armed with the latest design of Chinese anti-ship missiles. The rest of Iran's navy are 250 small costal and inshore patrol boats. The Alvand class (also called the Saam class frigate or the Vosper Mk 5 type) comprise four Iranian light patrol frigates. ... The ORP Orzel, a Polish submarine of the Kilo class Kilo class is the NATO reporting name for a type of military diesel-electric submarines that are made in Russia. ... Ghadir is the name of Midget Class submarines that are made in Iran [1]. These submarines are the only ones on the world that can fire rocket propelled torpedos and missiles simultaneously. ... This article or section needs copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone and/or spelling. ... The ORP Orzel, a Polish submarine of the Kilo class Kilo class is the NATO reporting name for a type of military diesel-electric submarines that are made in Russia. ... Chinese Cat-14 class is one of the fast-attack craft program for use in the Middle East, but also chinese navy will order for own service. ...

Contents

Requirements

Iranian-made submarine Nahang 1

Suffering from decaying Western-supplied weapons purchased by the Shah, Tehran has been attempting to acquire new weapons from Russia, China and North Korea. Despite efforts to enhance their operational capabilities through frequent man oeuvres, both navies of the Islamic Republic of Iran are in meager condition, and the government is failing to re-equip them adequately with modern ships and weapons. Some of the procurements after the Iran-Iraq War, such as submarines, fast-attack missile craft, mines and Anti-Ship missiles, are the only naval weapons that Iran can rely on operationally. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... This article or section needs copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone and/or spelling. ... One of the worlds longest-lasting monarchies, the Iranian monarchy went through many transformations over the centuries, from the days of Persia to the creation of what is now modern day Iran. ...


Iran has expanded the capabilities of the naval branch of the IRGC, acquired additional mine warfare capability, and upgraded some of its older surface ships. Iran's exercises have included a growing number of joint and combined arms exercises with the land forces and air force. Iran has also improved its ports and strengthened its air defences, while obtaining some logistic and technical support from states like India and Pakistan. Army of the Guardians of Islamic Revolution (Persian: سپاه پاسداران انقلاب اسلامی - Sepah-e Pasdaran-e Enghelab-e Islami), also known as Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps (IRGC), Revolutionary Guards, Sepah-e Pasdaran (army of guardians), or Pasdaran (guardians), is the largest[1] armed force of the Islamic Republic of Iran. ...

As far as major new equipment is concerned, Iran has been building up its naval strength by acquiring three Kilo class submarines from Russia, as well as other equipment, including 10 Houdong fast attack craft from China. Russia, India and Pakistan were reported to be assisting Iran with training and operating its Kilo class submarines. As regards other requirements, in December 1997, Rear Admiral Mohammad Karim Tavakoli, commander of the First Naval Zone, with HQ at the Gulf port of Bandar Abbas, claimed that the Iranian Navy had completed design work on three multirole corvettes and a small submarine, to be built in Iran. In August 2000, Iran announced that it had launched its first domestically produced light submarine or swimmer delivery vehicle, named the Al-Sabiha 15 because of its 15 meters length, in an official ceremony at the Bandar Abbas naval base. In May 2005, Iran navy announced that it had launched its Ghadir class (midget class submarine) and in 8 March 2006 announced that it had launched another submarine named nahang class (Persian: whale). Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... A midget submarine is a small submarine, typically with one or two crew and no on-board living accommodation. ... Ghadir is the name of Midget Class submarines that are made in Iran [1]. These submarines are the only ones on the world that can fire rocket propelled torpedos and missiles simultaneously. ... The ORP Orzel, a Polish submarine of the Kilo class Kilo class is the NATO reporting name for a type of military diesel-electric submarines that are made in Russia. ... China first received a single unit of Soviet Osa-I class missile boat in January 1965, and 4 more in 1966 thru 1967 and the last 2 in 1968. ... Categories: Iran geography stubs | Cities in Iran | Coastal cities ... Categories: Iran geography stubs | Cities in Iran | Coastal cities ... Ghadir is the name of Midget Class submarines that are made in Iran [1]. These submarines are the only ones on the world that can fire rocket propelled torpedos and missiles simultaneously. ... A midget submarine is a small submarine, typically with one or two crew and no on-board living accommodation. ... This article or section needs copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone and/or spelling. ...


During 2000 Iranian Naval Aviation significantly improved its capability by taking delivery from Russia of a number of Mi-8 AMT (Mi-171) transport/attack helicopters. Under a contract signed in 1999 Russia agreed to supply 21 Mi-171s to Iran. Delivery was completed in 2001; although the exact number destined for the navy was unknown. In summer 2001 there were indications that Iran would order a further 20 Mi-171s, although as of mid-2004 it was not known if this had occurred. The Mil Mi-8 (NATO reporting name Hip) is a large twin-turbine transport helicopter that can also act as a gunship. ... The Mil Mi-8 (NATO reporting name Hip) is a large twin-turbine transport helicopter that can also act as a gunship. ... The Mil Mi-8 (NATO reporting name Hip) is a large twin-turbine transport helicopter that can also act as a gunship. ...


In November 2002 sources at both Iran's Aerospace Industries Organisation (AIO) and the China Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation (COSIC) confirmed that the two groups were working on common Anti-Ship missile production and development. The effort, which Iranian sources call Project Noor, covers the short-range C-701 and the long-range C-802 weapons developed by COSIC's China National Precision Machinery Import and Export Co subsidiary. The possibility that a formal collaborative project was under way was first raised in 1998, when Iran displayed an Anti-Ship missile design similar to the 15 km range C-701 shortly after the Chinese system was unveiled. An AIO spokesperson confirmed that Project Noor involves the C-701. However, officials in the same company describe the weapon as "a long-range, turbojet-powered, sea-skimming Anti-Ship missile," which better fits the 120 km range C-802, and suggests that the co-operation agreement may cover both weapon systems. In early 2004, Iran announced the release of a new cruise missile programme named Raad (Thunder). The Raad appears to be a modification of the Chinese HY-2 (CSSC-3) Anti-Ship missile, one of a series of missiles China developed from the original Soviet-era P21 (SS-N-2C) design. C-701 is a Chinese missile that is roughly comparable to the American AGM-65 A/B/D/H Maverick air-to-surface missile, but its smaller and weighs less than half of that of American AGM-65 A/B/D/H Maverick. ... The Yingji-82 or YJ-82 (Chinese: 鹰击-82, literally Eagle Strike; NATO reporting name: CSS-N-8 Saccade) is a Chinese anti-ship missile first unveiled in 1989 by the China Haiying Electro-Mechanical Technology Academy (CHETA), also known as the Third Academy. ... Silkworm missile stored at Umm Qasr in Iraq. ... The P-15 Termit (Russian: ; English: ) was a type of missile developed by the Soviet Unions Raduga design bureau in the 1950s. ...


History

IS Sabalan at sea.
  • Battles during the Iran–Iraq War sank or damaged many ships and smaller craft. The Navy incurred further damage after U.S. forces began escorting Kuwaiti oil tankers during Operation Earnest Will (1987–1988). In September 1987, the minelayer Iran Ajr was captured and scuttled during Operation Prime Chance. On 14 April 1988, Iranian mines nearly sank the U.S.S. Samual B. Roberts (FFG-58); four days later, U.S. forces retaliated by sinking the Iranian warships Joshan and Sahand and several small armed powerboats in Operation Praying Mantis.
  • The Iranian Navy attacked and seized control of a Romanian oil rig in the Persian Gulf on August 22, 2006. Iran took control of the radio room at 7 AM local time. "The Iranians fired at the rig's crane with machine guns," Tăbănescu said. "They are in control now and we can't contact the rig." There were 26 workers onboard.[5]

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 504 pixelsFull resolution (2990 × 1883 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 504 pixelsFull resolution (2990 × 1883 pixel, file size: 1. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Combatants United States Navy Iranian Navy Operation Earnest Will (24 July 1987 - 26 September 1988) was the U.S. military protection of Kuwaiti oil tankers from Iraqi and Iranian attacks in 1987 and 1988 during the Tanker War phase of the Iran-Iraq War. ... Story The Iranian ship found laying mines that was bombed, boarded, and scuttled by the United States Navy and U.S. Navy SEALs on September 21, 1987 in Operation Prime Chance of the Iran-Iraq war. ... Combatants United States Special Operations Command Iranian Navy An aerial view of the leased barge Hercules with three Mark III patrol boats and the tugboat Mister John H tied up alongside in the northern Persian Gulf. ... USS (FFG-58) is one of the final ships in the United States Navys Oliver Hazard Perry class of guided missile frigates. ... The Iranian frigate IS Sahand burns after retaliatory strikes by U.S. Navy ships and aircraft on April 18, 1988. ... Iranian frigate IS Sahand (74) attacked by aircraft of U.S. Navy Carrier Air Wing 11 in retaliation for the mining of the guided missile frigate USS . ... Map of the Persian Gulf. ...

Facilities

Damavand Battle Destroyer

In 1977, the bulk of the fleet was shifted from Khorramshahr to the new headquarters at Bandar-e Abbas. Bushehr was the other main base; smaller facilities were located at Khorramshahr, Khark Island, and Bandar-e Khomeini (formerly known as Bandar-e Shahpur). Bandar-e Anzali (formerly known as Bandar-e Pahlavi) was the major training base and home of the small Caspian Sea fleet, which consisted of a few patrol boats and a minesweeper. The naval base at Bandar Beheshti (formerly known as Chah Bahar) on the Gulf of Oman had been under construction since the late 1970s and in late 1987 still was not completed. Smaller facilities were located near the Strait of Hormuz. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Khorramshahr (Persian: خرمشهر) is a port city in the Khuzestan province in southwestern Iran (Persia). ... Categories: Iran geography stubs | Cities in Iran | Coastal cities ... Bushehr or Bushire (بوشهر), pop. ... Kharg Island from space, April 1993 Kharg Island (Persian: جزیره خارک, also sometimes written as Khark Island) is a continental island in the Persian Gulf belonging to Iran. ... Bandar Imam Khomeini (Persian بندرامام خمینی) is a port city on the Persian Gulf in the Khuzestan province in southwestern Iran. ... Anzali Lagoon Bandar-e Anzali (Persian: ), known as Bandar-e Pahlavi (Persian: ) before the Iranian Revolution, is a harbour town on the Caspian Sea, in the Iranian province of Gilan, close to Rasht. ... The Caspian Sea (Russian: Каспийское море; Kazakh: Каспий теңізі; Turkmen: Hazar deňizi; Azeri: XÉ™zÉ™r dÉ™nizi; Persian: دریای خزر Daryā-ye Khazar) is the largest lake on Earth by area[2], with a surface area of 371,000 square kilometers (143,244 sq mi) and a volume of 78,200 cubic kilometers (18... Coast of Chabahar Chabahar (in Persian چابهار), previously also Bandar Beheshti, is an Iranian city and a free port (Free Trade Zone) on the coast of the Gulf of Oman. ... Gulf of Oman The Gulf of Oman (Arabic: خليج عمان; transliterated: khalÄ«j Ê¿umān, Persian: دریای عمان یا دریای پازس; transliterated: daryā-ye Ê¿omān,Pars) Persian sea is a strait that connects the Arabian Sea with the Persian Gulf; it is generally included as a branch of the Persian Gulf, not as an arm of...

  • Imam Khomeini
  • Shahid Rajaie
  • Anzali
  • Noshahr
  • Bushehr
  • Chabahar
  • Khark

IRIN Air Force

Iran naval aviation branch is one of the few air elements in any Gulf Navy, and has maritime patrol aircraft, and armed helicopters.

  • Aircraft inventory
Aircraft Origin Type Versions In service[1] Notes
Aero Commander  United States utility transport 690 4
Bell 205  Italy light-lift utility helicopter AB 205 5 built by Agusta
Bell 206  Italy utility helicopter AB 206A 2 built by Agusta
Bell 212  Italy anti-submarine warfare/light-lift AB 212 ASW 10 built by Agusta
Dassault Falcon 20  France VIP transport Falcon 20 2
Fokker F27 Friendship  Netherlands tactical transport F27-400M
F27-600
2
2
Mil Mi-17  Russia medium-lift transport helicopter Mi-171Sh 5
Sikorsky S-61 Sea King  United States anti-submarine warfare/medium-lift SH-3D 10
Sikorsky H-53 Sea Stallion  United States minesweeper/heavy-lift RH-53D 5

Aero Commander model 690A, N53RF operated by NOAA The Aero Commander was a light twin-engined aircraft by Aero Design and Engineering Company part of Rockwell International. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Bell UH-1 Iroquois, commonly (or officially in the USMC) known as the Huey, was a multipurpose military helicopter, famous for its use in the Vietnam war. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... The Bell Helicopter Model 206 JetRanger is a two-bladed main rotor, turbine powered helicopter with a conventional, two-bladed tail rotor. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... The Bell 212 Twin Huey (also known as the Twin Two-Twelve) is a medium civilian helicopter that first flew in 1968. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Dassault Falcon 20s at RIAT 2005. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_France. ... The Fokker F27 Friendship is a turboprop airliner designed and built by the Dutch aircraft manufacturer Fokker. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Netherlands. ... Mil Mi-17 The Mil Mi-17 (Also known as the Mi-8MT, NATO reporting name Hip-H) is a Russian helicopter currently in production at two factories in Kazan and Ulan-Ude. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia_(bordered). ... Several UH-3 Sea Kings taking off The H-3 Sea King (always using a modified mission designation SH, MH, CH, VH, or UH) is a twin-engined multi-purpose helicopter. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... HMH-465 CH-53E doing an external lift in Iraq The CH-53 Sea Stallion is the most common name for the Sikorsky S-65 family of heavy transport helicopter. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

Navy Ranks Insignia

Sardjuhke
Seaman
Navi Sevom
Seaman
Navi Dovom
Petty Officer 3rd Class



Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

Navi Yekom
Petty Officer 1st Class
Navostavar Dovom
Chief Petty Officer
Navostavar Yekom
Senior Chief Petty Officer



Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

Navban Sevom
Probationery Ensign
Navban Sevom
Ensign
Navban Dovom
Lieutenant Junior Grade
Navban Yekom
Lieutenant



Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

Navsarvan
Lieutenant Commander
Nakhoda Sevom
Commander
Nakhoda Yekom
Captain



Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

Daryadar Dovom
Commodore
Daryadar
Rear Admiral
Daryaban
Vice Admiral
Daryasalar
Admiral

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

See also

As of 2005 // Kilo class (3) SSI (3) Damavand Battle [UK] 1 Babr&pallang Allen M. Sumner [USA] 2 no active Alvand (Saam) class (Vosper Mk5 type) light patrol frigates Displacement: 1,540 tons full load Dimensions: 94. ...

References

  1. ^ "World Military Aircraft Inventory", Aerospace Source Book 2007, Aviation Week & Space Technology, January 15, 2007.

Aviation Week & Space Technology (often abbreviated as Aviation Week or AW&ST) is a weekly magazine which reports upon the state of the aerospace industry. ... January 15 is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini era. ...

External links


Armed Forces of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Iranian Army | Iranian Navy | Iranian Air Force | Islamic Revolutionary Guards

 
 

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