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Encyclopedia > Islamic Marriage Contract

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Islamic Jurisprudence

– a discipline of Islamic studies To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... This is a list of academic disciplines (and academic fields). ... Islamic Studies is the academic discipline which focuses on Islamic issues. ...

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  • When a couple decides to marry, they draw up a Marriage contract. In Sunni Islam, this contract must have two male witnesses or, in the Hanafi school of jurisprudence, one man and two women. In one narration, a case was brought to Umar about a marriage which had only been witnessed by one man and one woman He said:
"This is a secret marriage and I do not permit it. Had I been the first to come upon it, I would have ordered them to be stoned." (muwatta 28.11.26)

While it is customary for marriage contracts to be written down, particularly when the bride and groom wish to make any stipulations, classical jurists required only oral offer and acceptance for the contract's validity. Islamic economics is economics in accordance with Islamic law. ... Islamic politics is the profession of Muslim politicians. ... This is a sub-article to Islamic jurisprudence and Marriage. ... A dowry is a gift of money or valuables given by the brides family to that of the groom to permit their marriage. ... Islam advocates a harmonious relationship between husband and wife. ... Nikah or nikkah (Arabic: النكاح ), is the contract between a bride and bridegroom and part of an Islamic marriage, a strong covenant (mithaqun Ghalithun) as expressed in Quran 4:21). ... It has been suggested that Mutta marriage be merged into this article or section. ... This is a sub-article of Islamic marital jurisprudence and human sexuality . ... This is a sub-article of Sexuality in Islam . ... This is a sub-article of Sexuality in Islam and Islamic cleanliness . ... Istimna (استمناء) is the Arabic term for masturbation. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... This is a sub-article to Islamic marital jurisprudence and Adoption. ... Islamic criminal jurisprudence is the Islamic criminal law. ... This is a sub-article to Islamic jurisprudence and etiquette. ... Islamic theological jurisprudence is the filed of Islamic jurisprudence specialized in theological issues. ... This is a sub-article to fiqh and Hygiene Hygiene in Islam is a prominent topic but one which non-Muslims are not very familiar with. ... Sunni Islam (Arabic سنّة) is the largest denomination of Islam. ... For other uses, see Umar (disambiguation). ...


Shias believe that Umar said that only since Umar forbade Nikah Mut'ah, and wanted to make sure that nobody engaged in it, so he demanded witness for all marriage. Shia deem it as sufficient that the couple agree to it orally and point out that the Quran only requires two wittiness for Talaq and makes no mention of it for marriage. It has been suggested that Mutta marriage be merged into this article or section. ... The Quran (Arabic al-qurʾān أَلْقُرآن; also transliterated as Quran, Koran, and less commonly Alcoran) is the holy book of Islam. ... Talaq. ...

  • Among the things that can be included in this contract is a prohibition on the husband marrying other women or rules that can include giving up, or demanding, some responsibilities. It can also be used to regulate the physical relationship of the couple.
  • An important feature of a Marriage Contract is that which makes sexual intercourse legal. This is supported by many Haidths. According to the greatest Sunni hadith collection, the Sahih Bukhari, Volume 7, Book 62, Number 81,
Narrated 'Uqba:
The Prophet said: "The stipulations (in the marriage contract) most entitled to be abided by are those with which you are given the right to enjoy the (women's) private parts."

And in Al-Mughni by Ibn Qudaamah, part 7, Kitaab al-Nikaah [1], Muhammad is quoted: The most deserving of conditions to be fulfilled are those by means of which sexual intercourse becomes permissible for you Sunni Islam (Arabic سنّة) is the largest denomination of Islam. ... Sahih Bukhari is one of the Sunni six major Hadith collections (Hadith are oral traditions recounting events in the lives of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and his followers). ... Muhammad (Arabic ; also Mohammed, Mohamet, and other variants[1] [2] [3]), 570-632 C.E.,[4] [5] was an Arab religious and political leader who established Islam and the Muslim community (Ummah, Arabic: أمة) to whom he preached. ...


What makes intercourse legal is the giving of mahr. This is shown by, according to one lesser hadith collection, (Sunaan Abu Dawud, Book 11, Number 2121), Muhammed prohibited sexual relations with his daughter until she was given something. A dowry is a gift of money or valuables given by the brides family to that of the groom to permit their marriage. ...

Narrated A man from the Companion of the Prophet:
Muhammad ibn Abdur-Rahman ibn Thawban reported on the authority of a man from the Companions of the Prophet (pbuh): When Ali married Fatimah, daughter of the Apostle of Allah (pbuh), he intended to have intercourse with her. The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) prohibited him to do so until he gave her something. Ali said: I have nothing with me, Apostle of Allah. The Prophet (pbuh) said: Give her your coat of mail. So he gave her his coat of mail, and then cohabited with her.

It is also clear from the works of modern scholarship and traditional Sunni thought, for instance the Encyclopaedia of Islam states in the entry on mahr, Sunni Islam (Arabic سنّة) is the largest denomination of Islam. ... The Encyclopaedia of Islam (EI) is a scholarly encyclopaedia covering all aspects of Islamic civilization and history. ... A dowry is a gift of money or valuables given by the brides family to that of the groom to permit their marriage. ...

"According to a tradition in Bukhari the mahr is an essential condition for the legality of the marriage 'Every marriage without mahr is null and void'."
  • If a wife has stipulated that her husband is not to marry other woman, but he does anyway, she has the right to annul the marriage.
  • It is reported that its mustahab (recommended) for a woman to unveil herself to the man she intends to marry, and also that Muhammad commanded (once?). Ibn Taymiya was of the opinion that it is mustahab (recommended) for the would-be husband to see his future bride's head, face, hands and feet. However, Ibn Taymiya deemed it not permissible if he was alone with her. Rather, her father, or brother, or someone else must be with them. He based it on Muhammad having said:
"A man must never be alone with a woman unless there is someone who is a Mahram with them." (Bukhari, Muslim)

and: Mustahab, recomended, is a Islamic term denoting a actions between Mubah (neutral) and Wajib (actions which must be performed). ... Muhammad (Arabic ; also Mohammed, Mohamet, and other variants[1] [2] [3]), 570-632 C.E.,[4] [5] was an Arab religious and political leader who established Islam and the Muslim community (Ummah, Arabic: أمة) to whom he preached. ... Taqi Ad-din Abu Al-abbas Ahmad Ibn abd As-salam Ibn abd Allah Ibn Muhammad Ibn Taymiya (Arabic: أبو عباس تقي الدين أحمد بن عبد السلام بن عبد الله ابن تيمية الحراني) (January 22, 1263 - 1328), was an Islamic scholar born in Harran, located in what is now Turkey, close to the Syrian border. ... Mustahab, recomended, is a Islamic term denoting a actions between Mubah (neutral) and Wajib (actions which must be performed). ... Taqi Ad-din Abu Al-abbas Ahmad Ibn abd As-salam Ibn abd Allah Ibn Muhammad Ibn Taymiya (Arabic: أبو عباس تقي الدين أحمد بن عبد السلام بن عبد الله ابن تيمية الحراني) (January 22, 1263 - 1328), was an Islamic scholar born in Harran, located in what is now Turkey, close to the Syrian border. ... Muhammad (Arabic ; also Mohammed, Mohamet, and other variants[1] [2] [3]), 570-632 C.E.,[4] [5] was an Arab religious and political leader who established Islam and the Muslim community (Ummah, Arabic: أمة) to whom he preached. ...

"A man must never be alone with a woman, for verily the Satan is their third." (At-Tirmithee and Ahmad)

See also

This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Islamic Marriages (1978 words)
Islamic Marriages refers to all marriages that have been contracted between a Muslim male and Muslim female immaterial of their races and ages, and have been witnessed by at least two males or a male and two females.
Generally, since the Islamic marriage is preferably solemnized in the Masjid, while the female spouse preferably remains at another place or residence, a person is nominated to act as her representative while two persons act as witnesses to that representation.
Civil marriages concluded for the sake of residence or citizenship between foreign Muslim males and a Muslim female without witnesses or with false witnesses will not provide the marriage validity in terms of the schools of Islamic law that require witnesses to the marriage to simultaneously be present at the instance of the solemnization.
Islamic marital jurisprudence - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1381 words)
This is a sub-article to Islamic jurisprudence and Marriage.
Marriage in Islam is considered to be of the utmost importance.
In Islam, marriage is a legal bond and social contract between a man and a woman as prompted by the Shari'a.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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