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Encyclopedia > Islam Karimov
Islam Karimov
Islam Karimov

Islam Abduganievich Karimov (in modern Uzbek: Islom Karimov, Russian: Ислам Абдуганиевич Каримов) (born January 30, 1938) has been the President of Uzbekistan since 1991. Islam Karimov, bron UzLand. ... Islam Karimov, bron UzLand. ... January 30 is the 30th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1991 (MCMXCI) is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Karimov was born in Samarkand to an Uzbek father and a Tajik mother, and was raised in a Soviet state orphanage. After studying engineering and economics in Tashkent, he became an official in the Communist Party. A minaret in Samarkand. ... State motto (Russian): Пролетарии всех стран, соединяйтесь! (Transliterated: Proletarii vsekh stran, soedinyaytes!) (Translated: Workers of the world, unite!) Capital Moscow Official language None; Russian (de facto) Government Federation of Socialist republics/ Communist state Area  - Total  - % water Largest on the planet 22,402,200 km² Approx. ... An orphanage is an institution dedicated to caring for orphans (children without living parents). ... Engineering applies scientific and technical knowledge to solve human problems. ...     Economics (from the Greek οίκος [oikos], house, and νομος [nomos], rule, hence household management) is a social science that studies the production, distribution, trade and consumption of goods and services. ... Tashkent Tashkent (Toshkent or Тошкент in Uzbek, Ташкент in Russian; its name translates from the Turkoman language to Stone City in English) is the current capital of Uzbekistan. ... For other usage of the initials CPSU see CPSU (disambiguation). ...

He came to power as the party's First Secretary in Uzbekistan in 1989. On March 24, 1990 Karimov became President of the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic. He declared the independence of Uzbekistan on August 31, 1991 and won elections held on December 29 of that year with 86% of the vote. The elections have been called unfair, with state-run propaganda and a falsified vote count, although the opposing candidate and leader of the Erk (Freedom) Party, Muhammad Solih, had a chance to participate. Shortly after the elections, a harsh political clampdown forced opposition leaders into exile, while many have been issued long-term prison sentences and a few have disappeared. 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... March 24 is the 83rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (84th in Leap years). ... This article is about the year. ... State motto: Бутун дунё пролетарлари, бирлашингиз! (transliteration: Butun Dunyo Proletarlari, Burlashingiz! (Uzbek: Workers of the world, unite!) Official language None. ... August 31 is the 243rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (244th in leap years), with 122 days remaining. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... December 29 is the 363rd day of the year (364th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 2 days remaining. ...

In 1995, Karimov extended his term until 2000 through a widely criticized referendum, and he was reelected with 91.9% of the vote on January 9, 2000. The United States said that this election "was neither free nor fair and offered Uzbekistan's voters no true choice" [1]. The sole opposition candidate, Abdulhasiz Dzhalalov, admitted that he had only entered the race to make it appear to be a democratic contest and that he had actually cast his own vote for Karimov. On January 27, 2002, Karimov won another referendum extending the length of presidential terms from five to seven years; Karimov's present term, formerly due to end in 2005, was subsequently extended by parliament, which scheduled the next elections for December 2007. 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... A referendum (plural: referendums or referenda) or plebiscite is a direct ass vote in which an entire electorate is asked to either accept or reject a particular proposal. ... January 9 is the 9th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... January 27 is the 27th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2002 (MMII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) will be a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Karimov's record on human rights and press freedom has met with considerable criticism in the international community. In particular, outspoken former British Ambassador in Uzbekistan Craig Murray has pointed to reports of Karimov's regime boiling people to death, and the United Nations has found torture "institutionalized, systematic, and rampant" in Uzbekistan's justice system. Human rights are rights which some hold to be inalienable and belonging to all humans. ... Freedom of the press (or press freedom) is the guarantee by a government of free public speech often through a state constitution for its citizens, and associations of individuals extended to members of news gathering organizations, and their published reporting. ... Craig Murray (born 17 October 1958) is a commentator on government foreign policy and was a British diplomat. ... Boiling to death is a method of capital punishment. ... United Nations - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... The Iron Maiden of Nuremberg is an infamous and rarely used torture device. ...

Karimov is fighting against Islamist rebels trying to overthrow his secularist government, and who are believed to be responsible for bombings that occurred in late March 2004. He had sentenced Tohir Yuldashev and Juma Khodjiev (also known as Juma Namangani), the leader of the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU), to death in absentia. Namangani is said to have been killed in Afghanistan, but Yuldashev, who is said to have merged the IMU into the Islamic Movement of Central Asia by 2003, is still at large. Citizens accused of links to outlawed Islamic organizations such as Hizb ut-Tahrir are routinely arrested and tortured. Islamism refers to a set of political ideologies derived from various religious views of Muslim fundamentalists, which hold that Islam is not only a religion, but also a political system that should govern the legal, economic and social imperatives of the state. ... This article concerns secularism, the exclusion of religion and supernatural beliefs. ... 2004 : January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December Deaths • 08 Abu Abbas • 20 Queen Juliana • 28 Peter Ustinov • 30 Alistair Cooke More March 2004 deaths Ongoing events EU Enlargement Exploration of Mars: Rovers Haiti Rebellion Israeli-Palestinian conflict Occupation of Iraq Same-sex marriage in... Tohir Abdukhalilovich Yuldashev (his name is also transliterated as Tahir Yuldashev, Tohir Yoldoshev, Takhir Yuldashev and other ways) is the founder of the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan and the leader Islamic Movement of Central Asia. ... The Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU) is a subset, militant organization, within the Islamic Movement of Central Asia, whose goal is to overthrow the secular government of Uzbekistan and replace it with an Islamic theocracy. ... In Absentia is progressive rock band Porcupine Trees sixth studio album and was released on September 24, 2002. ... The Islamic Movement of Central Asia (IMCA) is an armed militia that wants to turn Central Asia into a theocracy. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Hizb ut-Tahrir (Arabic: حزب التحرير meaning Party of Liberation) is an Islamist political party whose goal is to establish a pan-Islamic Caliphate. ...

After the September 11, 2001 attacks, Karimov's Uzbekistan was considered a strategic ally in the US's war on terrorism because of a mutual opposition to regional Islamists. The country hosted a 800-strong US troop presence at the Karshi-Khanabad air base (also known as "K2"), which supported US-led efforts in the Afghanistan war. This move faced some criticism by opponents of Bush as well as human rights groups critical of Karimov's regime, who claimed that Bush was subordinating the promotion of human rights to other interests. Relations with the US soured in 2005, however, and plans to vacate the K2 base were cemented after the Bush administration's harshly critical response to Uzbekistan's violent crackdown on protestors in May of that year. The attack on the South Tower, which was seen on live television by many people across the world. ... The War on Terrorism or War on Terror (in U.S. foreign policy circles, the global war on terrorism or GWOT ) is a controversial campaign by the United States government and some of its allies with the stated goal of ending worldwide terrorism by stopping terrorist groups and ending state... Karshi-Khanabad is an airbase in south-eastern Uzbekistan leased by the government of Uzbekistan to the United States. ... Combatants al-Qaida, Taliban Northern Alliance, United States, United Kingdom, France, New Zealand, Australia, Germany, Canada, Italy Commanders Mohammed Omar Osama bin Laden Tommy Franks Mohammed Fahim Strength Casualties The United States invasion of Afghanistan occurred in October 2001, in the wake of the September 11, 2001 attacks on... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... In May 2005 unrest in Uzbekistan reached a head when Uzbek troops fired into a crowd of protesters in the eastern city of Andijan, killing an estimated 400 to 1000 people on 13 May, in what has been termed the Andijan massacre. ...

Karimov is married; his wife, Tatyana Akbarovna Karimova, is an economist. They have two daughters and three grandchildren. His elder daughter, Gulnara Karimova, serves as an advisor for Uzbekistan's ambassador to Russia and is believed to have built an extensive business empire that includes the largest wireless telephone operator in Uzbekistan, night clubs, and a large cement factory. Gulnara Karimova Gulnara Islamovna Karimova (Гульнара Исламовна Каримова) is daughter of President Islam Karimov of Uzbekistan. ...

See also

The movement toward economic reform in Uzbekistan has not been matched by movement toward political reform. ...

External links

  Results from FactBites:
Profile of President Islam Karimov (Human Rights Watch Press release, March 7, 2002) (420 words)
(March 7, 2002) President Islam Abduganievich Karimov was born in 1938 in the silk-road city of Samarkand.
President Karimov was re-elected for what was supposed to be his final five-year term in 2000.
The Uzbek government held another referendum in January 2002 to extend President Karimov's presidency to 2007 by amending Uzbekistan's constitution to allow for seven-year presidential terms.
Islam Karimov President of Uzbekistan (811 words)
To be fair, Karimov is not solely responsible for this tragedy -the loss of subsidies from Moscow hit the republic hard.
If Islam Karimov has not met the material needs of his people, he has at least attended to their spiritual yearnings.
This is contributing to a widespread sense of discontent.
  More results at FactBites »



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