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Encyclopedia > Isla Navarino

Isla Navarino is a Chilean island located strategically between Tierra del Fuego, by the north, and the Cape Horn, to the south. Form leaves from the commune of the Navarino, most austral of the country and the world, belonging to XII the Region of Magallanes and Chilean Antarctica. It constitutes the ground base next to the Antarctic continent. Its population concentrates itself in the communal capital, Puerto Williams, and in small settlements like Puerto Navarino and Puerto Toro . Tierra del Fuego (Spanish: Land of Fire) is an archipelago at the southernmost tip of South America. ... Cape Horn from the South. ... Map indicating the chilean antarctic claim (Chilean Antarctic Territory) Flag of the Magallanes y la Antártica Chilena Region showing the southern cross. ... Puerto Williams in Tierra del Fuego Puerto Williams is a small Chilean port, located on Isla Navarino facing the Beagle Channel. ... Puerto Toro is a small Chilean town on Navarino Island. ...

Contents


Historical background

History and archaeology are, probably, the most valuable resource of Navarino Island and its adjacent sectors. The discovery of the Yamana culture through the existing rest can give a rise to a refined scientific tourism, developed on the basis of a local museum. The routes of the English missions can be followed, making haltings in all the points that were scene of transcendental facts. Also it is possible to make an active scientific tourism, on the basis of archaeology, aquatic birds, geology and botany of the island, besides to take advantage of his strategic location. The Yaghan or Yamana were an indigenous people of Tierra del Fuego. ...


Features

The coast of the Navarino Island displays ideal scenes to make circuits of navigation in kayac in the middle of small barren islands and small channels surrounded by native vegetation and populated by an infinity of birds. The Murray Channel, at the moment opened to Chilean boats of fishing, could such welcome a tourism directed by fishermen in its boats. From the island circuits can be made towards the patagónicos seas, visiting the ventisqueros of the arm the northwest of the Beagle Channel, and towards the Cape Horn and Chilean Antarctica. In the island long walks in the sector of the Teeth of Navarino can be made, where in addition rock walls apt for the scaling exist. Towards the interior it is acceded to forests, lagoons, cascades and beautiful mountainous sectors, and throughout the coast there are several stays. All the North sector of the island, including the coast and the slopes that fall towards her, is apt for cavalcades by the forests and plains. In the Navarino Lake abundant salmonada trout exists, and in the North coast of the island, the sea enters deep coves apt for the fishing of róbalo. Sea lions on La Isla de Los Lobos in the Beagle Channel Glacier on the north shore of the Beagle Channel Beagle Channel is a strait separating islands of the Tierra del Fuego archipelago, in extreme southern South America. ...


Climate

In the most northern strip of the Navarino Island, where is Port Williams, the annual precipitations average are of 467 mm., with a temperature of 6ºC. The warmest month presents average temperature of 9,6ºC, and coldest 1,9ºC. Argentine city of Ushuaia is under the same type of climate, with a slight increase of precipitations. In the strip more to the south, they increase precipitations about to 800 annual mm and diminish the temperatures slightly. Rains are distributed more or less uniformly in all the stations of the year and a part of her falls in snow form. In as much, in the extensive southern strip of the Navarino Island, that covers the zone with the lakes Navarino and Windhond, there is an increase of precipitations, a diminution of the summer temperatures and an increase of the winter temperatures by wind drift. In thermodynamics, temperature is the physical property of a system that underlies the common notions of hot and cold —something that is hotter has the greater temperature. ... The city of Ushuaia in early spring. ...


Flora

In the North end of the Navarino Island is a type of vegetation characterized by the Forest Magallánico Deciduo, whose characteristic species are lenga or oak of Magallanes (Nothofagus pumilio), combined with ñirre (antarctica Nothofagus) in the driest sites, coihue of Magallanes (betuloides Nothofagus) in the most humid sites and some arbustivas communities and land Magallánica Tundra with bad drainage. Immediately to the south is the Forest Magallánico Perennifolio, probably bound to the increase of precipitations, the greater altitude and an improvement in the drainage of grounds. The characteristic species is coihue of Magallanes, forming pure communities in sectors of greater altitude or coasts exposed to the wind. The South portion of the island, that it surrounds to the Navarino lakes and Windhond, plus the territories of the southern coast, has a vegetation of Magallánica Tundra. This formation groups a series of vegetal communities, between which they emphasize the Esfagnosa Tundra (Sphagnum magellanicum) and the Pulvinada Tundra (Donatia fascicularis - Astelia pumilia). Finally it is the Andean Desert, that includes all the territories that by effect of climatic conditions derived from the altitude, have a devoid vegetation of trees or high shrubs and that does not reach values of cover superior to 30%, or they are without vegetation.


Natural and Cultural Features

Cultural historical sites are Wulaia Creek, the English Mission, Douglas Creek. The large house Stierling, a Mecano construction brought from Europe by the English missionaries, was in Ushuaia and Tekenika, to culminate in Douglas Creek. Sighting of whales and orcas in Windhond bay. Cemetery indigenous Mejillones Creek. In the tombs, that date from first half of this century, occurs an expression of religious sincretism.


Villa Ukika, district in Port Williams where the last descendants live on the Yamana culture. The Yaghan or Yamana were an indigenous people of Tierra del Fuego. ...


Port Navarino, a port of fishermen of spider crabs and sprocket wheels, that have beautiful wood constructions of the given one of the 60. Port Toro, more austral town of the world. Sky in Hill Flag.


The area of isla Navarino and surrounding islands have been declared UNESCO Biosphere Reserve in June 2005.


Access

Port Williams can be acceded to , from Punta Arenas (Sands End), with flights of DAP (Air line of the Patagonia), that have daily frequency, except Sundays, and an itinerary of 1 hour and 15 minutes, approximately, crossing the Mountain range of Darwin and fiords. In addition ferry exists that makes a weekly trip, crossing the Strait of Magellan and the channels Brecknock, Cockburn and Beagle, being appraised in this last imposing visitors of Holland, Italy and Germany. The boat transportation takes between 30 and 36 hours. In 2006 also a commercial connection by motorboat between Ushuaia (Argentina) and Isla navarino was established. In orange the area most commonly defined as Patagonia. ... The name Darwin may refer to various places, things, and people, including: Charles Darwin (1809–1882), renowned naturalist and thinker associated with the theory of Natural Selection Darwin, Northern Territory, Australian city and the capital of the Northern Territory Darwin (operating system), a computer operating system used in Apples... Lysefjorden in Norway A fjord (pronounced FEE-ord or fyord, SAMPA: [fi:3:d] or [faI3:d]; sometimes written fiord) is a glacially overdeepened valley, usually narrow and steep-sided, extending below sea level and filled with salt water. ... The Strait of Magellan is a navigable route immediately south of mainland South America. ...


Reference

  • Translated entry from Chilean Official site

  Results from FactBites:
 
Chris in Chili (764 words)
Isla Navarino is een van de eilanden in de Chileense provincie Antarctica Chilena, in het uiterste zuiden van Chili.
Aangezien Isla Navarino zeer mooie natuur te bieden heeft leeft onder de lokale bevolking en overheid vooral het idee om hiermee toeristen naar het eiland te trekken.
Belangrijkste is om het milieu in het eigenbelang van de mensen te stellen, zodat het vernielen van de ongerepte omgeving voor iedereen negatief is. Om dat te doen moeten we bijdragen aan mogelijkheden voor een duurzame ontwikkeling, en de focus ligt daarbij nu op een beperkte vorm van toerisme.
Ushuaia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (403 words)
The southernmost continuously inhabited settlement is Puerto Toro on Isla Navarino, however it has less than 100 people though and is rather a village.
The city was originally named by early British colonists after the name that the native Yamana people had for the area.
It is also a key access point to the southern regions; it receives regular flights from Buenos Aires, (at Ushuaia International Airport), and cruise ships visiting the Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) and Antarctica dock at the port.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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