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Encyclopedia > Ishtar Gate

Coordinates: 32°32′36″N, 44°25′20″E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

The reconstructed Ishtar Gate in the Pergamon Museum in Berlin
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The reconstructed Ishtar Gate in the Pergamon Museum in Berlin
A detail from the reconstructed gate. Missing tiles are replaced.
Enlarge
A detail from the reconstructed gate. Missing tiles are replaced.

The Ishtar Gate was the eighth gate to the inner city of Babylon. It was constructed in about 575 BC by order of King Nebuchadrezzar II on the north side of the city. Dedicated to the Assyrian goddess Ishtar, the Gate was constructed of blue glazed tiles with alternating rows of bas-relief sirrush (dragons) and bulls. The roof and doors of the gate were of cedar, according to the dedication plaque. Through the gate ran the Processional Way which was lined with walls covered in lions on glazed bricks (about 120 of them). Statues of the gods were paraded through the gate and down the Processional Way each year during the New Year's celebration. Download high resolution version (768x1010, 222 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (768x1010, 222 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (512x768, 145 KB) A detail from the Ishtar Gate at the Pergamon Museum in Berlin. ... Download high resolution version (512x768, 145 KB) A detail from the Ishtar Gate at the Pergamon Museum in Berlin. ... Babylon was a city in Mesopotamia, the ruins of which can be found in present-day Babil Province, Iraq, about 50 miles south of Baghdad. ... A coin with the face of Nebuchadnezzar II Nebuchadnezzar II is perhaps the best known ruler of Babylon in the Chaldean Dynasty. ... ... Ishtar (Arabic: عشتار) is the Assyrian counterpart to the Sumerian Inanna and to the cognate northwest Semitic goddess Astarte. ... Bas relief is a method of sculpting which entails carving or etching away the surface of a flat piece of stone or metal. ... Sirrush bas-relief in the Pergamon Museum The sirrush creature depicted on the reconstructed Ishtar Gate of the city of Babylon. ... This article deals with dragons as dealt with in The Enchanted Forest Chronicles, a series of novels by Patricia Wrede. ... Species Cedrus deodara Cedrus libani    var. ...


It was originally considered one of the Seven Wonders of the world until, in the 6th century AD, it was replaced with the Lighthouse of Alexandria. The seven wonders of the world are usually taken to be the seven wonders of the ancient world, the name of a list of the most impressive achievements of ancient civilizations in the east of the Mediterranean world. ... The Pharos of Alexandria was a tower built in the 3rd century BC (between 285 and 247 BC) on the island of Pharos in Alexandria, Egypt to serve as that ports landmark, and later, its lighthouse. ...


A reconstruction of the Ishtar Gate and Processional Way was built at the Pergamon Museum in Berlin out of material excavated by Robert Koldewey and finished in the 1930s. It includes the inscription plaque. It stands 47 feet high and 100 feet wide (14 meters by 10 meters). The excavation ran from 1902-1914 and during that time 45 ft of the foundation of the gate was uncovered. The Pergamon Museum The Pergamon Museum (in German, Pergamonmuseum) is one of the museums on the Museum Island in Berlin. ... Berlin is the capital city and one of the sixteen states of the Federal Republic of Germany. ... Robert Koldewey Robert Johann Koldewey (* 10 September 1855 in Blankenburg (Harz); † 4 February 1925 in Berlin) was a German architect and archaeologist, famous for his discovery of the Hanging Gardens of Babylon in modern day Iraq. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Parts of the gate and lions from the Processional Way are in various other museums around the world. Only two museums acquired dragons while lions went to several museums. The Istanbul Archaeology Museum has lions, dragons and bulls. The Detroit Institute of Arts houses a dragon; the Louvre, the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, the Oriental Institute in Chicago, the Rhode Island School of Design Museum, Röhska Konstslöjdsmuseet in Gothenburg, Sweden and the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston each have lions. Istanbul Archaeology Museum (Turkish: Ä°stanbul Arkeoloji Müzesi) is an archeological museum, located in the Eminönü district of Istanbul, Turkey, near Gülhane Park and Topkapı Palace. ... The front entrance of the DIA on Woodward Avenue with Rodins sculpture The Thinker. ... The Louvre Museum (French: Musée du Louvre) in Paris, France, is one of the largest, oldest, most important and famous art galleries and museums in the world. ... The Metropolitan Museum of Art, often referred to simply as The Met, is one of the worlds largest and most important art museums. ... The Oriental Institute (OI) is the University of Chicagos archeology museum and research center for ancient Near Eastern studies. ... Paul Gauguin, Where Do We Come From? What Are We? Where Are We Going? (Doù venons-nous? Que faisons-nous? Où allons-nous?) (1897). ...



A reproduction of the gate was built in Iraq as the entrance to a museum that was never completed.


See also

Sirrush bas-relief in the Pergamon Museum The sirrush creature depicted on the reconstructed Ishtar Gate of the city of Babylon. ... The seven wonders of the world are usually taken to be the seven wonders of the ancient world, the name of a list of the most impressive achievements of ancient civilizations in the east of the Mediterranean world. ...

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Ishtar Gate

  Results from FactBites:
 
The Ishtar Gate (808 words)
In 1902, German archaeologist Robert Koldewey unearthed the fabled Ishtar Gate in the ruins of Babylon.
The animals depicted on the Gate were known to the Babylonians - two of the animals depicted were lions and rimi (aurochs, a type of wild ox).
Historically, Nebuchadnezzar is the king responsible for the building of the Ishtar Gate; and furthermore, Bel is merely another name used to refer to Marduk, the keeping of the dragon in Bel's temple possibly an interpretation of the fact that the Mushhushshu symbolized that god.
Highbeam Encyclopedia - Search Results for Ishtar (717 words)
Known as Ishtar in Akkadia, she was called Astarte by western Semitic peoples and was identified with Inanna in Sumeria.
Sin was thought to confer fertility and prosperity on cowherds by governing the rise of waters and the growth of reeds, particularly in the marshes along the lower Euphrates...
He was loved by the fertility goddess Ishtar, who, according to one legend, was so grief-stricken at his death that she contrived to enter the underworld to get him back.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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