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Encyclopedia > Isfahan Province
Eşfahān Province
استان اصفهان
Location
Map of Iran with Eşfahān highlighted.
Statistics
Capital:
 • Coordinates:
Isfahan
 • 32.6577° N 51.6692° E
Area : 107,029 km²
Population(2005):
 • Density :
4,454,595
 • 41.6/km²
Sub-provinces
(Shahrestan)
:
21
Time zone: UTC+3:30
Main language(s): Persian, Bakhtiari, Qashqai

Esfahān province (Persian: استان اصفهان (Ostan-e Esfahan); also transliterated as Isfahan, Esfahan, Espahan, Sepahan or Isphahan) is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. It is located in the center of the country. Its capital is the city of Esfahān. Image File history File links province of Iran File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Subnational entity is a generic term for an administrative region within a country — on an arbitrary level below that of the sovereign state — typically with a local government encompassing multiple municipalities, counties, or provinces with a certain degree of autonomy in a varying number of matters. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Part of Shah Abbas large urban project in his new capital, the Chahār Bāgh Four Gardens, is a four-kilometer avenue in the city of Isfahan. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... A geographical political division in Iran. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Persian (local name: FārsÄ« or PārsÄ« ) is an Indo-European language spoken in Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan and by minorities in Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Pakistan, India, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Georgia, Southern Russia, neighboring countries, and elsewhere. ... The Bakhtiari (or Bakhtiyari) are a group of southwestern Iranian people. ... Qashqai (also spelled Ghashghai, Qashqai, Qashqay, and Kashkai) is a Turkic language. ... Persian (local name: FārsÄ« or PārsÄ« ) is an Indo-European language spoken in Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan and by minorities in Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Pakistan, India, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Georgia, Southern Russia, neighboring countries, and elsewhere. ... Transliteration is the practice of transcribing a word or text written in one writing system into another writing system. ... Iran consists of 30 provinces: Provinces are governed from a local center, mostly the largest local city. ... Part of Shah Abbas large urban project in his new capital, the Chahār Bāgh Four Gardens, is a four-kilometer avenue in the city of Isfahan. ...

Contents

Geography

The province of Eşfahān covers an area of approximately 107,027 square km and is situated in the center of Iran. To its north, stand the Markazi (Central) Province and the provinces of Qom and Semnan. In the south, it is within the limits of the provinces of Fars, Kohkiluyeh and Booyer Ahmad. Eastwards, it is in the neighborhood of the provinces of Khorasan and Yazd. Whereas, in the west it has common borders with the provinces of Lurestan and Chahar Mahal and Bakhtiyari. The Congregation Mosque of Narāgh. ... Qom (Persian: قم, also known as Qum or Kom) is a city in Iran and the Qom (River) flows through the town. ... Semnan is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. ... // Introduction Fars is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. ... Khorasan (Persian: خراسان) (also transcribed as Khurasan and Khorassan; Horasan in Turkish) is a region located in eastern Iran. ... Yazd or Yezd (In Persian: یزد), is the capital of Yazd province, one of the most ancient and historic cities in Iran and a centre of Zoroastrian culture. ... This article needs cleanup. ...

A Seljuk era minaret. Eşfahān province has the oldest mosque of Iran in Nain.
A Seljuk era minaret. Eşfahān province has the oldest mosque of Iran in Nain.
Eşfahān province has enjoyed the benefit of being capital of Persia for 200 years during the 17th and 18th centuries.
Eşfahān province has enjoyed the benefit of being capital of Persia for 200 years during the 17th and 18th centuries.

The city of Eşfahān is the provincial capital; and the counties of this province are as follows: Aran& Bidgol, Ardestan, Isfahan, Barkhovar and Meymeh, Khomeini Shahr, Khansar, (The Upper) Semirom, Fereydan, Fereydunshahr, Falavarjan, Kashan, Golpayegan, Khomeini-shahr, Lanjan, Mobarakeh, Nain, Najaf Abad, The Lower Semirom (Dehaghan), Shahreza, Anarak and Natanz; 18 townships, 38 counties, 67 cities, and 2470 villages in all. According to the census in the year 2000, the population of the province was 3,923,255 of which approximately 74.3 percent were urban residents and 25.7 percent resided in the rural areas. The literacy rate was 87 percent. Image File history File links A Seljuk era minaret, Isfahan. ... Image File history File links A Seljuk era minaret, Isfahan. ... Nain is a city in central Iran. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Ali_Qapu_night. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Ali_Qapu_night. ... The placename Aran may refer to: The Aran Islands or the largest island in that group Aran, a historical region that is a part of modern Republic of Azerbaijan (Caucasia) The Isle of Arran in Scotland. ... Ardestan is a town in central Iran in Esfahan Province. ... Part of Shah Abbas large urban project in his new capital, the Chahār Bāgh Four Gardens, is a four-kilometer avenue in the city of Isfahan. ... Map of Khansar Khansar (Persian: خوانسار; also transliterated as Khunsar or Khvansar) is one of the counties of Esfahan Province of Iran. ... Semirom (Persian: ‎ ) is a city in Isfahan province, Iran. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... Fereydoon Shahr or Fereydunshahr is a city in the western part of the Isfahan province of Iran. ... The township of Falavarjan is a small township to the west of the city of Esfahan. ... Tabatabaei House, early 1800s, Kashan. ... Gulpaigan or Golpāyegān is a town in west-central Iran, 90 miles (145 km) northwest of Isfahan. ... Lenjan county is a county in Isfahan Province, Iran. ... Nain may refer to: Nain, an Iranian city. ... Najafabad is a city in Isfahan Province, Iran. ... Lower Semirom County (Persian: شهرستان سمیرم سفلی) is a county in Esfahan Province in Iran. ... Dehaghan is the capital of the Lower Semirom county; a Shahrestan in Isfahan Province. ... Bazaar outside the Montazeran hotel. ... Image:Isfahanprov. ... Categories: Wikipedia cleanup | Iran geography stubs | Cities in Iran ...


The province experiences a moderate and dry climate on the whole, ranging between 40.6°C and 10.6°C on a cold day in the winter season. The average annual temperature has been recorded as 16.7°C and the annual rainfall on an average has been reported as 116.9 mm. The city of Eşfahān however experiences an excellent climate, with four distinct seasons.


History and culture

Kashan is another cultural jewel of the province. Seen here is the Agha Bozorg Mosque.
Kashan is another cultural jewel of the province. Seen here is the Agha Bozorg Mosque.

Historians have recorded initially as a defense and military base. The security and protection of the gradually increasing castles and fortifications, thereby, would provide the protection of residents nearby, therefore leading to the growth of large settlements nearby. These historical castles were Atashgah, Sarooyieh, Tabarok, Kohan Dej, and Gard Dej to name a few. The oldest of these is Ghal'eh Sefeed and the grounds at Tamijan from prehistoric times. The historic village of Abyaneh, a nationwide attraction, also has Sassanid ruins and fire temples among other historical relics. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (535x800, 394 KB) Summary I took this photo on a Fuji 200 film camera. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (535x800, 394 KB) Summary I took this photo on a Fuji 200 film camera. ... Tabatabaei House, early 1800s, Kashan. ... Another view of courtyard View of the mosque and its sunken courtyard. ... Abyaneh is a world-famous, historic Iranian village in the central province of Kashan. ... Sassanid Empire at its greatest extent The Sassanid dynasty (also Sassanian) was the name given to the kings of Persia during the era of the second Persian Empire, from 224 until 651, when the last Sassanid shah, Yazdegerd III, lost a 14-year struggle to drive out the Umayyad Caliphate...


During the 17th and 18th centuries, Eşfahān province enjoyed high standards of prosperity as it became the capital of Safavid Persia. While the city of Eşfahān was their seat of monarchy, Kashan was their place of vacation and leisure. The Persian Empire was a series of historical empires that ruled over the Iranian plateau, the old Persian homeland, and at times extending into central and mid-east Asia. ... Tabatabaei House, early 1800s, Kashan. ...


Eşfahān province encompasses various sects today. The majority of the people in the province are Persian speakers, but Bakhtiaris, Georgians, Armenians, Qashqais and Persian Jews also reside in the province. The official language of the province is Persian, though different ethnic groups and tribes abide by their own language such as Judeo-Persian, Armenian, Georgian, Qashqai Turkic or Bakhtiari. Eşfahān province is noted for its reputed personalities such as writers, poets and other imminent figures who have been born and brought up or have lived in this territory. The Bakhtiari (or Bakhtiyari) are a group of southwestern Iranian people. ... Qashqai (also spelled Ghashghai, Qashqay, Kashgai and Qashqai) are a Turkic-speaking tribal confederation of clans in Iran. ... A modern-day synogogue in Iran. ... Judeo-Persian was a language spoken by the Jews living in Persia. ... Qashqai (also spelled Ghashghai, Qashqay, Kashgai and Qashqai) are a Turkic-speaking tribal confederation of clans in Iran. ... The Bakhtiari (or Bakhtiyari) are a group of southwestern Iranian people. ...


Eşfahān province today

Eşfahān province has many centers of attraction aside from the city of Eşfahān itself. Kashan for example is a well worth destination for many tourists, as are Nain, where Iran's oldest mosque still stands, and Qamsar where roseflower is naturally made every year. Tabatabaei House, early 1800s, Kashan. ... Nain may refer to: Nain, an Iranian city. ... Qamsar is a city in the Isfahan province of Iran near the city of Kashan. ...


Eşfahān province is an industrial center of Iran. Rapid development of the industrial sector in this province has made it one of the greatest, if not the greatest industrial center in the country, close to surpassing Tehran. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

A medieval pigeon tower, located near the campus of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences. The province contains over 1000 registered sites of historical significance, contributing to a large influx of annual tourists.
A medieval pigeon tower, located near the campus of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences. The province contains over 1000 registered sites of historical significance, contributing to a large influx of annual tourists.

The most important industries of Isfahan are in the areas of: steel factory and mill refineries, defensive industries, medical manufacturing, Polyacryl factories, textile and weaving. Image File history File links A pigeon house, Isfahan. ... Image File history File links A pigeon house, Isfahan. ... School of Dentistry Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, is a large medical school of Iran. ...


Higher education and research

The University of Isfahan is the largest university in Isfahan Province in Iran. ... IUTs Main administration building Isfahan University of Technology (IUT) (دانشگاه صنعتی اصفهان) is one of the top 5 higher education institutions in Iran. ... Shaikhbahaee University was established by virtue of the 1994 Law of Non–governmental universities and institutions through the efforts of ten professors from the University of Isfahan. ... A University in Isfahan, Iran. ... Kashan University of Medical Sciences and Healthcare (KAUMS), is a medical school of Iran. ... School of Dentistry Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, is a large medical school of Iran. ...

Major cities

Aran, Bidgol, Ardestan, Isfahan, Barkhovar and Meymeh, Khomeini Shahr, Khansar, Semirom, Shahr-e-Hana, Daran, Fereydunshahr, Dehaghan, Falavarjan, Kashan, Golpayegan, Lanjan, Mobarakeh, Nain, Najaf Abad, Shahreza, Anarak and Natanz The placename Aran may refer to: The Aran Islands or the largest island in that group Aran, a historical region that is a part of modern Republic of Azerbaijan (Caucasia) The Isle of Arran in Scotland. ... Ardestan is a town in central Iran in Esfahan Province. ... Part of Shah Abbas large urban project in his new capital, the Chahār Bāgh Four Gardens, is a four-kilometer avenue in the city of Isfahan. ... Map of Khansar Khansar (Persian: خوانسار; also transliterated as Khunsar or Khvansar) is one of the counties of Esfahan Province of Iran. ... Semirom (Persian: ‎ ) is a city in Isfahan province, Iran. ... Fereydoon Shahr or Fereydunshahr is a city in the western part of the Isfahan province of Iran. ... Dehaghan is the capital of the Lower Semirom county; a Shahrestan in Isfahan Province. ... The township of Falavarjan is a small township to the west of the city of Esfahan. ... Tabatabaei House, early 1800s, Kashan. ... Gulpaigan or Golpāyegān is a town in west-central Iran, 90 miles (145 km) northwest of Isfahan. ... Lenjan county is a county in Isfahan Province, Iran. ... Nain may refer to: Nain, an Iranian city. ... Najafabad is a city in Isfahan Province, Iran. ... Bazaar outside the Montazeran hotel. ... Image:Isfahanprov. ... Categories: Wikipedia cleanup | Iran geography stubs | Cities in Iran ...


External links

  • Official website
  • Isfahan Cultural Heritage Organization
  • Isfahan Province Department of Education

See also

[[ms:Wilayah Isfahan]


  Results from FactBites:
 
Isfahan (Esfahan) Sights at Best Iran Travel.com (263 words)
Capital of Isfahan Province and is the third-largest city of Iran.
The literal translation for the Persian proverb "Isfahan nesfeh jahan" is "Isfahan is half of the world." This proverb was coined in the 16th century to express the greatness of the city.
Isfahan has many outstanding examples of medieval Islamic architecture like the Imam Mosque (Masjid-i-Imam) and Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque and is also noted for its gardens, squares, palaces and stone bridges.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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