FACTOID # 19: Cheap sloppy joes: Looking for reduced-price lunches for schoolchildren? Head for Oklahoma!
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Isfahan" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Isfahan
Naghsh-i Jahan Square, Isfahan
Naghsh-i Jahan Square, Isfahan

Isfahan or Eşfahān (historically also rendered as Ispahan, Old Persian Aspadana, Middle Persian Spahān, Persian: اصفهان Eṣfahān), located about 340 km south of Tehran at 32°39′5″N, 51°40′45″ECoordinates: 32°39′5″N, 51°40′45″E, is the capital of Isfahan Province and Iran's third largest city (after Tehran and Mashhad). Isfahan has a population of 1,600,554 (2007 calculation).[1] Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2096x1470, 1112 KB) Other versions File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Persian Empire Safavid dynasty Isfahan Naghsh-i Jahan Square User:Azerbaijani User:Arad List of city... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2096x1470, 1112 KB) Other versions File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Persian Empire Safavid dynasty Isfahan Naghsh-i Jahan Square User:Azerbaijani User:Arad List of city... Naghsh-i Jahan (Persian: ميدان نقش جهان ), also known as shah or imam square (maidan in Farsi), situated at the center of Isfahan city, Iran, is one of the largest city squares in the world. ... Isfahan or Esfahān can refer to either a city or a province in Iran (Persia): Isfahan (city) Isfahan (province) Isfahan (rugs) Isfahan is the name of a song on Duke Ellingtons The Far East Suite Ispahan (rose) a kind of rose and an older pronunciation of the city... Persian (Local names: فارسی Fârsi or پارسی Pârsi)* is an Indo-European language spoken in Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan as well as by minorities in Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, India, Pakistan, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Southern Russia, neighboring countries, and elsewhere. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Esfahān province (Persian: استان اصفهان (Ostan-e Esfahan); also transliterated as Isfahan, Esfahan, Espahan, Sepahan or Isphahan) is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Mashhad (also spelt Mashhad ar-Reza, Persian: , literally the place of martyrdom) is the second largest city in Iran and one of the holiest cities in the Shiah world. ...


Isfahan is located on the main north-south and east-west routes crossing Iran, and was once one of the largest cities in the world. It flourished from 1050 to 1722, particularly in the 16th century under the Safavid dynasty, when it become the capital of Persia for the second time in its history. Even today, the city retains much of its past glory. It is famous for its Islamic architecture, with many beautiful boulevards, covered bridges, palaces, mosques, and minarets. This led to the persian proverb Esfahān nesf-e jahān ast: "Esfahan is half of the world".[2] Leofric becomes Bishop of Exeter Hedeby is sacked by King Harald Hardraade of Norway during the course of a conflict with King Eric Estridsson of Denmark. ... // Events Abraham De Moivre states De Moivres theorem connecting trigonometric functions and complex numbers Publication of the first book of Bachs Well-Tempered Clavier Fall of Persias Safavid dynasty during a bloody revolt of the Afghani people. ... (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... The Safavid Empire at its 1512 borders. ... The Persian Empire was a series of historical empires that ruled over the Iranian plateau, the old Persian homeland, and beyond in Western Asia, Central Asia and the Caucasus. ... Architecture (from Latin, architectura and ultimately from Greek, a master builder, from αρχι- chiefs, leader , builder, carpenter)[1] is the art and science of designing buildings and structures. ...


The Naghsh-e Jahan Square in Isfahan is one of the biggest city squares in the world and an outstanding example of Iranian and Islamic architecture. It has been designated by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. The city has also a wide variety of historic monuments ranging from the Sassanid to the Safavid dynasties. Remaining Islamic architectural sites were built from 11th to the 19th century while older pre-islamic monuments date back to 1000 B.C. Naghsh-i Jahan Square: Ali Qapu (right), Sheikh Lotf Allah Mosque (left) and Shah Mosque (front) Naghsh-i Jahan Square (Persian: ميدان نقش جهان ), also known as shah or imam square (maidan in Persian), situated at the center of Isfahan city, Iran, is the one of largest city square in the world. ... UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... Sassanid Empire at its greatest extent The Sassanid dynasty (also Sassanian) was the name given to the kings of Persia during the era of the second Persian Empire, from 224 until 651, when the last Sassanid shah, Yazdegerd III, lost a 14-year struggle to drive out the Umayyad Caliphate... The Safavids were a long-lasting Turkic-speaking Iranian dynasty that ruled from 1501 to 1736 and first established Shiite Islam as Persias official religion. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

Contents

Geography

The city is located in the lush Zayandeh Rud plain, at the foothills of the Zagros mountain range. The city enjoys a temperate climate and regular seasons. No geological obstacles exist within 90 km north of Isfahan, allowing cool northern winds to blow from this direction. Situated at 1590 meters above sea level, it receives an average of 355 mm of rain per year, making it similar to Denver, Colorado in terms of altitude and precipitation. The temperature ranges between 2 and 28 degrees Celsius. The record high temperature was 42 degrees Celsius and the record low was −19 degrees Celsius.[citation needed] Zayandeh Rud river as it passes under 33 pol in Isfahan. ... The Zagros Mountains (In Persian:رشته‌کوه‌های زاگرس) make up Irans second largest mountain range. ... : The Mile-High City United States Colorado Denver (coextensive) 154. ...


History

Chehel Sotoon is a famous tourist attraction.
Chehel Sotoon is a famous tourist attraction.
The entrance to Shah Mosque or Shah Jame' Mosque in Isfahan. The mosque is the most glorious sign of flourishing architecture during the Safavid dynasty.
The entrance to Shah Mosque or Shah Jame' Mosque in Isfahan. The mosque is the most glorious sign of flourishing architecture during the Safavid dynasty.

Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2179x1915, 513 KB) Other versions originally uploaded on the en. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2179x1915, 513 KB) Other versions originally uploaded on the en. ... As opposed to rival Ottoman architecture, which focuses on scale and grandeur, Safavid architecture targets refineness in subtlety. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 260 KB) Beschreibung Friday Mosque in Isfahan, lokated at the place Meidan-e-Imam. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 260 KB) Beschreibung Friday Mosque in Isfahan, lokated at the place Meidan-e-Imam. ... Shah Mosque is a mosque in Isfahan,Iran standing in soyth side of Naghsh-i Jahan square. ... The Safavid Empire at its 1512 borders. ...

Prehistory

The history of Isfahan can be traced back to the Palaeolithic period. In recent discoveries, archeologists have found artifacts dating back to the Palaeolithic, Mesolithic, Neolithic, Bronze and Iron ages. This cranium, of Homo heidelbergensis, a Lower Paleolithic predecessor to Homo neanderthalensis, dates to between 400,000 BCE to 500,000 BCE The Paleolithic is a prehistoric era distinguished by the development of stone tools. ... Archaeology, archeology, or archæology (from Greek: αρχαίος, archae, ancient; and λόγος, logos, knowledge) is the study of human cultures through the recovery, documentation and analysis of material remains and environmental data, including architecture, artifacts, biofacts, human remains, and landscapes. ... The Mesolithic (Greek mesos=middle and lithos=stone or the Middle Stone Age[1]) was a period in the development of human technology between the Paleolithic and Neolithic periods of the Stone Age. ... An array of Neolithic artifacts, including bracelets, axe heads, chisels, and polishing tools. ... The Bronze Age is a period in a civilizations development when the most advanced metalworking has developed the techniques of smelting copper from natural outcroppings and alloys it to cast bronze. ... Iron Age Axe found on Gotland This article is about the archaeological period known as the Iron Age, for the mythological Iron Age see Iron Age (mythology). ...


Elamite Empire

Ancient Isfahan was part of the Elamite empire. Under the name of Aspandana it became one of the principal towns of the Median dynasty, when Iranian Medes settled there. Subsequently the province became part of the Achaemenid Empire and after the liberation of Iran from Macedonian occupation by the Arsacids, it became part of Parthian Empire. Isfahan was the centre and capital city of a large province, which was administered by Arsacid governors. In the Sassanid era, Isfahan was governed by "Espoohrans" or the members of seven noble Iranian families who had important royal positions, and served as the residence of these noble families as well. Moreover, in this period Isfahan was a military centre with strong fortifications. There were large populations of Jews and Christians concentrated around Isfahan at this time. The city was occupied by Arabs after the final defeat of Iranians. This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Achaemenid Empire (Old Persian: Hakhāmanishiyan, هخامنشیان also frequently, the Achaemenid Persian Empire.) (559 BC–330 BC) was the first of the Persian Empires to rule over significant portions of Greater Iran. ... Iran Under the Arsacid Dynasty. ... Parthian Empire at its greatest extent, c60 BCE. The Parthian Empire was the dominating force on the Iranian plateau beginning in the late 3rd century BCE, and intermittently controlled Mesopotamia between ca 190 BCE and 224 CE. Parthia was the arch-enemy of the Roman Empire in the east and... Sassanid Empire at its greatest extent The Sassanid dynasty (also Sassanian) was the name given to the kings of Persia during the era of the second Persian Empire, from 224 until 651, when the last Sassanid shah, Yazdegerd III, lost a 14-year struggle to drive out the Umayyad Caliphate... The Islamic conquest of Iran (637-651 CE) destroyed the Sassanid Empire and led to the eventual decline of the Zoroastrian religion in Iran. ...


Islamic Era

Isfahan fell, temporarily, under the rule of Arabs until the Abbasid era, only being attended to by Al-Mansur. In the 10th century, under the Buwayhid Dynasty, Isfahan regained its importance. In the reign of Malik Shah I of the Seljuk dyansty, Isfahan was again selected as capital and commenced another golden age. In this period, Isfahan was one of the most thriving and important cities of the world. The famous Persian philosopher Avicenna lived and taught there in the 11th century. Abbasid Caliphate (Abbasid Khalifat) and contemporary states and empires in 820. ... pooperson he was the first bisexual man to have a heshe baby This article is abliph Al Mansur of Baghdad. ... The Buwayhids or Buyyids or Āl-i Buyeh, were a Yazdani tribal confederation from Daylam, a region on the southern shore of the Caspian Sea. ... Jalal ad-Dawlah Malik Shah was the Seljuk sultan from 1072 to 1092. ... The Seljuk coat of arms was a double headed eagle The Seljuk Turks (also Seldjuk, Seldjuq, Seljuq; in modern Turkish Selçuklular; in Persian سلجوقيان Saljūqiyān; in Arabic سلجوق Saljūq, or السلاجقة al-Salājiqa) were a major branch of the Oghuz Turks and a dynasty that ruled parts of... A philosopher is a person who thinks deeply regarding people, society, the world, and/or the universe. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... As a means of recording the passage of time, the 11th century was that century which lasted from 1001 to 1100. ...


The city was raided and most of its inhabitants were massacred by the Mongols in the 13th century, the raid followed by that of Timur in 1387.[2] However, as the result of its suitable geographic situation, Isfahan flourished again especially during the Safavid dynasty, which developed considerably. Statue of Timur in Shahrisabz, Uzbekistan Tīmūr bin Taraghay Barlas (Chagatai Turkic: تیمور - Tēmōr, iron) (1336 – February 1405) was a 14th-century warlord of Turco-Mongol descent[1][2][3][4], conqueror of much of Western and central Asia, and founder of the Timurid Empire (1370–1405... Events June 2 - John Holland, a maternal half-brother of Richard II of England, is created Earl of Huntingdon. ... The Safavid Empire at its 1512 borders. ...


The Golden Age of Isfahan arrived in the 16th century under Shah Abbas the Great (1587-1629), who conquered it and made it the new capital of the Safavid dynasty. During the reign of Shah Abbas I, who unified Persia, Isfahan reached its pinnacle. Isfahan had parks, libraries and mosques that amazed Europeans, who had not seen anything like this at home. The Persians called it Nesf-e-Jahan, half the world; meaning that to see it was to see half the world, and also referring to it as a point where many cultures and nationalities meet and mingled. In its heyday it was also one of the largest with a population of over half a million;[2] 163 mosques, 48 religious schools, 1801 shops and 263 public baths. (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... Shah Abbas I of Safavid at a banquet Detail from a celing fresco; Chehel Sotoun palace; Isfahan Shah Abbas King of the Persians Copper engraving by Dominicus Custos, from his Atrium heroicum Caesarum pub. ... The Safavids were a long-lasting Turkic-speaking Iranian dynasty that ruled from 1501 to 1736 and first established Shiite Islam as Persias official religion. ...


In 1722, it was raided by the Afghans after a long siege, which left much of the city in ruins. Although the Afghans were a primary cause of Isfahan's decline, this can also be attributed to the development of maritime commerce by European merchants from such countries such as the Netherlands. Isfahan's wealth originated in its role as a chief waystation along the trans-Asia trade route (such as the Silk Road), but land trade dwindled as the cheaper sea routes increased in popularity for transporting commodities between Asia and Europe. // Events Abraham De Moivre states De Moivres theorem connecting trigonometric functions and complex numbers Publication of the first book of Bachs Well-Tempered Clavier Fall of Persias Safavid dynasty during a bloody revolt of the Afghani people. ... The Silk Road Silk Route redirects here. ... World map showing the location of Europe. ...


Modern age

Today Isfahan, the third largest city in Iran, produces fine carpets, textiles, steel, and handicrafts. Isfahan also has nuclear experimental reactors as well as facilities for producing nuclear fuel (UCF). Isfahan has one of the largest steel producing facilities in the entire region, as well as facilities for producing special alloys. Core of a small nuclear reactor used for research. ...


At Isfahan uranium is converted into Uranium hexafluoride UF6, which in its gaseous form is spun at high speed in the centrifuges to extract the fissile isotope. Isfahan is Iran's only domestic source of UF6. According to IAEA Iran is building hardened bunkers under Isfahan to protect UF6 production.[3] Uranium hexafluoride, or UF6, is a compound used in the uranium enrichment process that produces fuel for nuclear reactors and nuclear weapons. ... The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) was established as an autonomous organization on July 29, 1957. ...


The cities of Najafabad, Khaneh Isfahan, Khomeini-shahr, Shahin-shahr, Zarrinshahr, and Fulad-e Mobarakeh all constitute the metropolitan city of Isfahan. The city has an international airport and is in the final stages of constructing its first Metro line. As the birthplace of Ehsan Lotfi , Hossein-Ali Montazeri , Mostafa Moeen and many other iranian celebrities ,Najafabad is placed 28 kilometers west of Isfahan. ... Khomeini-shahr (also written Khomeini Shahr or Khomeynishahr) is a town in Isfahan Province in Iran. ... Zarrinshahr is a city in Isfahan Province, Iran. ... A rapid transit, underground, subway, tube, elevated, or metro(politan) system is a railway — usually in an urban area — with a high capacity and frequency of service, and grade separation from other traffic. ...


Over 2000 companies are working in the area using Isfahan's economic, cultural, and social potentials. Isfahan contains a major oil refinery and a large airforce base. HESA, Iran's most advanced aircraft manufacturing plant (where the AN-140 aircraft is made), is located nearby.[4] Iran Aircraft Manufacturing Industrial Company (HESA) was established in 1976 and belongs to the Iranian Aviation Industries Organization (IAIO). ...


Isfahan will host the International Physics Olympiad in 2007. The International Physics Olympiad (IPhO) is an annual physics competition for high school students. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the CE era. ...


Culture

Architecture

View of Ali Qapu Palace.
View of Ali Qapu Palace.
Interior view of the dome, Sheikh Lotf Allah Mosque.
The entrance to Jamé mosque.
Khaju Bridge over the Zayandeh rud.
Khaju Bridge over the Zayandeh rud.
Armenian Church in Isfahan
Armenian Church in Isfahan

The architecture of Isfahan is made up of eight traditional forms which taken together form the foundation in the same way that music was once based on a finite number of notes. These are modulated by the use of colors and textures to leaven the surfaces and are held together in an overall construction akin to that of a sonata in which connection leads to culmination through a transition space. To appreciate the skill of the architects and designers fully, it is necessary to have an appreciation of these fundamental concepts i.e. garden, platform, porch, gateway, dome, arched chamber, and minaret, although in the geometry and architecture of the buildings they are woven together to present a seamless whole. A full discussion of the underlying principles can be found in the paper entitled "The Alchemy of the Mosque", given to a joint meeting of the School of Architecture and the Islamic Society of the University of Manchester in 1997. Ali-qapu palace at Isfahans central square, early 17th century. ... Ali-qapu palace at Isfahans central square, early 17th century. ... Ali Qapu (the Sublime Gate) is a grand palace in Isfahan, Iran. ... Image File history File links Esfahan. ... Image File history File links Esfahan. ... Sheikh Lotf Allah Mosque can be seen on the left. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Jame_mosque. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Jame_mosque. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (992x639, 171 KB) Photo courtesy of Iranian Cultural & Information Center If used outside Wikipedia, please credit: Photo courtesy of Iranian Cultural & Information Center Khaju Bridge, Isfahan, Iran. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (992x639, 171 KB) Photo courtesy of Iranian Cultural & Information Center If used outside Wikipedia, please credit: Photo courtesy of Iranian Cultural & Information Center Khaju Bridge, Isfahan, Iran. ... Zayandeh Rud river as it passes under 33 pol in Isfahan. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 960 pixel, file size: 600 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Isfahan Metadata This file contains additional... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 960 pixel, file size: 600 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Isfahan Metadata This file contains additional...


Historical sites

Squares and Streets
  • Naqsh-e Jahan Square also known as "Shah Square" or "Imam Square" - 1602.
  • Meydan Kohne (Old Square)
  • Shahshahan Square
  • Chaharbagh Boulevard - 1596.
  • Chaharbagh-e-khajou Boulevard
Palaces
Madressa (religious schools)
Mosques
Caravanserais
  • Shah Carvanserai
Bridges
Churches and Cathedrals
  • Vank Cathedral - 17th century.Vank Cathedral
  • Kelisaye Maryam (Maryam Church).
Other sites
  • Atashgah Atashgah- a Zoroastrian fire temple.
  • Buqe'h-ye Ibn-Sina (Avicenna's Dome) - 12th Century.
  • The Tombs of Nizam al-Mulk & Malek Shah - 12th & 18th Century.
  • New Julfa (The Armenian Quarter).
  • The Bathhouse of Sheikh Bahai.
  • Pigeon Towers - 17th Century.Pigeon_house
  • Manar jonban

Naghsh-i Jahan (Persian: ميدان نقش جهان ), also known as shah or imam square (maidan in Farsi), situated at the center of Isfahan city, Iran, is one of the largest city squares in the world. ... --Duk 16:36, 22 May 2005 (UTC) Categories: Possible copyright violations ... Ali Qapu (the Sublime Gate) is a grand palace in Isfahan, Iran. ... Hasht Behesht (Palace of 8 paradises), is a Safavid era palace in Isfahan, Iran. ... Chehel Sotoun is a pleasure pavilion in Isfahan, Iran, built by Shah Abbas I to be used for the shahs entertainment and receptions. ... A Madrasah complex in Gambia Ulugh Beg Madrasa, Samarkand, ca. ... Chahār Bāgh school (Madreseye Chahār Bāgh in Persian or مدرسه چهار باغ ), also known as Shah school, was built during Soltan Hoseyn, a Safavid king, to serve as a theological and clerical school to train those who were interested in such sciences. ... Shah Mosque is a mosque in Isfahan,Iran standing in soyth side of Naghsh-i Jahan square. ... 1980 Iranian stamp commemorating the Islamic Revolution Protestors take to the street in support of Ayatollah Khomeini. ... Sheikh Lotf Allah Mosque can be seen on the left. ... View from the courtyard to the iwan leading to the prayer hall Jamé Mosque is a mosque in Isfahan (Eşfahān), Iran and is the result of continual construction, reconstruction, additions and renovations on the site from around 771 to the end of the 20th century. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Khaju Bridge (Persian: پل خواجو pol-e khajoo) is one of the most famous bridges in Isfahan and has roused the admiration of travelers since the 17th century. ... 33 Pol outer view. ... The most visited cathedral in isfahan built in early safavid period in jolfa district of Isfahan. ... Atashgah (or Place of Fire ) is a Zoroastrian Fire temple which located on a mountain with the same name about eight kilometers west of city of Isfahan in Iran. ... Zoroastrianism was adapted from an earlier, polytheistic faith by Zarathushtra (Zoroaster) in Persia very roughly around 1000 BC (although, in the absence of written records, some scholars estimates are as late as 600 BC). ... The Yazd Atash Behram A Fire Temple (also Dar-e Mihr, or Atash Kadeh in Iran, Agiary in India, and various names in North America) is a place of worship for Zoroastrians. ... New Julfa is a quarter of Isfahan, Iran, located on the outskirts of the city. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ...

Sites endangered

Isfahan is highly under threat of losing its magnificent monuments. The major damages are imposed by the government, the municipality and individuals who seek to modernize this unique medieval city. Isfahan Metro which is under construction has already caused damage to many old landmarks in the city's old quarter. The city is also highly threatened by the profit-makers who are building modern shopping centers & business facilities right in the historic center of the city, instead of helping boost tourism. Many civilians are also building modern-style residential blocks in old Isfahan and also on the river banks which were once covered by gardens. Many people believe something must be done or else, in a few years the city will have barely any attraction except a number of bridges and a few mosques surrounded tightly by ugly towers. Unfortunately most people don't care for the visual sight and the identity of their lovely hometown.


Rug manufacture

Main article: Isfahan rug
An old master of hand-printed carpets in Isfahan bazaar.
An old master of hand-printed carpets in Isfahan bazaar.

Isfahan has long been one of the centers for production of the famous Persian Rug. Weaving in Isfahan flourished in the Safavid era. But when the Afghans invaded Iran, ending the Safavid dynasty, the craft also became stagnant. A traditional rug mender in Isfahan The Iranian city of Isfahan (also spelt Esfahan) has long been one of the centres for production of the famous Persian Rug. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1536x2048, 1982 KB) Summary Market of Esfahan, Iran, 2004. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1536x2048, 1982 KB) Summary Market of Esfahan, Iran, 2004. ... A traditional craftsman mending a rug in Isfahan. ...


Not until 1920s, between two world wars, was weaving again taken seriously by the people of Isfahan. They started to weave Safavid designs and once again became one of the most important nexus of the Iranian rug weaving industry. Isfahani carpets today are among the most wanted in world markets, having many customers in western countries. There have been two World Wars, now more commonly known as World War I or First World War (from 1914 to 1918), and World War II or Second World War (from 1939 to 1945). ...


Isfahani rugs and carpets usually have ivory backgrounds with blue, rose, and indigo motifs. Isfahani rugs and carpets often have very symmetrical and balanced designs. They usually have a single medallion that is surrounded with vines and palmettos and are of excellent quality.


Famous people

Artists
  • Mohammad-Ali Shirdarreh, famous photographer and artist
  • Master Ahmad Archang, famous artist and designer of Isfahan rug patterns
  • Mahmood Farshchian, famous miniatorist
  • Alireza Eftekhari, Singer
Political figures
Religious figures
Sportsmen
Writers and poets
Others
  • Jahangir Khan Ghashghaei
  • Ostad Jalaldin Homaei

Arthur Pope, a famous American archaeologist and historian of Persian art, and his wife Phyllis Ackerman, are buried near Khaju Bridge in Isfahan. Alireza Eftekhari is an Iranian vocalist of Iranian classical as well as popular music. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Mohsen Nourbakhsh (born May 18, 1948 in Isfahan, died March 23, 2003) was an Iranian economist, most famous as Governor of the Central Bank of Iran. ... Sepahbod Amir Ahmadi Sepahbod Ahmad Amir-Ahmadi was a military leader and cabinet Minister of Iran. ... Hosein Fatemi is regarded as an Iranian patriot in history Hosein Fatemi, PhD, was a famous politician of Iran. ... Mohammad Baqer Majlesi, (علامه مجلسی) (1616 - 1689) known as Allameh Majlesi, was a famous Iranian Shia cleric of the Safavid era. ... Ayatollah al-Udhma Yousof al-Sanei is a Grand Marja of Shia Islam. ... Ayatollah-al-ozma Haj Agha Rahim Arbab (b. ... Mohammad Beheshti Ayatollah Seyyed Mohammad Hosseini Beheshti (محمد حسینی بهشتی in Persian), (October 24, 1928 - June 28, 1981) was an Iranian cleric, the secretary-general of the Islamic Republic party, and the head of the Islamic Republics judicial system. ... Rahman Rezaei (Persian: ‎ , born February 20, 1975 in Esfahan, Iran) is an Iranian football player who plays for A.S. Livorno in the Serie A Italian league, as well as the Iranian national squad in the central back position. ... Football (soccer) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Associazione Sportiva Livorno Calcio is a football club based in Livorno, Tuscany. ... Serie A is the top division of the Italian Football League, the highest football league in Italy. ... Houshang Golshiri (هوشنگ گلشیری; in Persian; March 16, 1938 — June 6, 2000) was an Iranian fiction writer, critic and editor Golshiri was born in Isfahan in 1938 and raised in Abadan. ... Mirza Abbas Khan Sheida, or Sheida-ye-Esfahani (b. ... Pope and Ackerman are both buried here, in Isfahan. ... Khaju Bridge (Persian: پل خواجو pol-e khajoo) is one of the most famous bridges in Isfahan and has roused the admiration of travelers since the 17th century. ...


Education

Aside from the seminaries and religious schools, the major universities of the Isfahan metropolitan area are:

  1. Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
  2. Isfahan University of Technology, ranks among the top 5 universities of Iran.
  3. University of Isfahan
  4. Isfahan University of Art
  5. Isfahan University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences
  6. Islamic Azad University of Isfahan
  7. Islamic Azad University of Khomeinishahr
  8. Islamic Azad University of Khorasegan
  9. Islamic Azad University of Mobarakeh
  10. Islamic Azad University of Najaf Abad
  11. Ashrafi Isfahani Academic Institute
  12. Malek Ashtar University of Technology
  13. University of Defence Sciences and Technologies
  14. ISLAMIC AZAD unversity of Majlesi of Technology

There are also more than 50 Technical and Vocational Training Centers under administration of Isfahan TVTO which provide non-formal training programs freely over the province.[5] School of Dentistry Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, is a large medical school of Iran. ... IUTs Main administration building Isfahan University of Technology (IUT) (دانشگاه صنعتی اصفهان) is one of the top 5 higher education institutions in Iran. ... The University of Isfahan is the largest university in Isfahan Province in Iran. ... A University in Isfahan, Iran. ...


Sports

Isfahan has two football (soccer) clubs that have been title contenders in Iran's Premier Football League. These are: Irans Premier Football League known as the Iran Premier League (IPL) and now officially as the Persian Gulf Cup is the most important football league in Iran, as well as the latest stage in the evolution of Iranian league football. ...

Sepahan (سپاهان in Persian) is one of the teams in Irans Premier Football League. ... Zob Ahan (ذوب‌آهن in Persian) is a football team based in the city of Isfahan, Iran. ...

Sister cities

Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Florence (Italian: ) is the capital city of the region of Tuscany, Italy. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Turkey. ... Istanbul (Turkish: , Greek: , historically Byzantium and later Constantinople; see other names) is Turkeys most populous city, and its cultural and financial center. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Lahore (Urdu: لاہور, Punjabi: لہور, pronounced ) is the capital of the province of Punjab, and the second most dense city in Pakistan, also known as the Gardens of the Mughals or City of Gardens, after the significant rich heritage of the Mughal Empire. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Freiburg city from Schlossberg Freiburg im Breisgau is a city in Baden-Württemberg, Germany, in the Breisgau region, on the western edge of the southern Black Forest (German: Schwarzwald) with about 214,000 inhabitants. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cuba. ... Nickname: (Spanish) City of Columns Position of Havana in Cuba Coordinates: Country Cuba Province Ciudad de La Habana Administrative Divisions 15 Founded 1515a Government  - President of the Peoples Power Provincial Assembly Juan Contino Aslán Area  - City 721. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Egypt. ... Nickname: Egypt: Site of Cairo (top center) Coordinates: Government  - Governor Dr. Abdul Azim Wazir Area  - City 214 km²  (82. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Romania. ... County IaÅŸi County Status Municipality Mayor Gheorghe Nichita, Social Democratic Party, since 2003 Area 93. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Armenia. ... Location of Yerevan in Armenia Coordinates: Country Armenia Established 782 BC Government  - Mayor Yervand Zakharyan Area  - City 227 km²  (87. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Malaysia. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Lebanon. ... For other uses, see Beirut (disambiguation). ...

Gallery

See also

Naghsh-i Jahan Square, Isfahan, is the second largest square in the world and arguably the gem of Persian architectural masterpieces. ... Esfahān province (Persian: استان اصفهان (Ostan-e Esfahan); also transliterated as Isfahan, Esfahan, Espahan, Sepahan or Isphahan) is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. ...

References

  1. ^ Iran: largest cities and towns and statistics of their population (from world-gazetteer.com website)
  2. ^ a b c "Isfahan Is Half The World" - Saudi Aramco World, Volume 13, Nr. 1, January 1962
  3. ^ Iran - is military action feasible? - The Daily Telegraph, Wednesday 25 January 2006
  4. ^ Contact Us (from the HESA official company website)
  5. ^ Isfahan Technical and Vocational Training Organization
  6. ^ Isfahan, Beirut named sister cities (English). MNA. Retrieved on 2007-05-02.
  • Urban Planning of Isfahan in the Seventeenth Century - Abouei, Reza, University of Sheffield, School of Architecture, 2005

Saudi Aramco World is a bi-motnhly magazine published by Saudi Aramco, the national oil company of Saudi Arabia. ... This article concerns the British newspaper. ... Iran Aircraft Manufacturing Industrial Company (HESA) was established in 1976 and belongs to the Iranian Aviation Industries Organization (IAIO). ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the CE era. ... May 2 is the 122nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (123rd in leap years). ... The University of Sheffield is a research university, located in Sheffield in South Yorkshire, England. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Isfahan
Governmental websites
  • Municipality of Isfahan
  • Isfahan Official website
  • Isfahan Metro
Other websites
  • Photos of Isfahan Cultural Places
  • Pictures of Isfahan from Iranchamber.com
  • Isfahan Cultural Heritage Organization
  • Isfahan photos, attractions, hotels
  • Animation about the architecture of Isfahan (Quicktime required)
  • Isfahan entries in the Encyclopædia Iranica
  • A google video from Isfahan

  Results from FactBites:
 
Isfahan (city) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1151 words)
The southern and western approaches of Isfahan are mountainous and it is bordered northward and eastward by fertile plains.
Isfahan was the showcase of Safavi artists and craftsmen who wished to exhibit their extraordinary talents.
Isfahan's wealth originated in its role as a chief waystation along the trans-Asia trade route, but trade dwindled as the cheaper sea routes increased in popularity for transporting commodities between Asia and Europe.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m