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Encyclopedia > Isabella II of Spain
Isabella II
Queen of the Spains
Reign 29 September 183330 September 1868
Born 10 October 1830
Madrid, Spain
Died 10 April 1904
Buried El Escorial, Spain
Predecessor Ferdinand VII
Successor Amadeus I
Consort Francis I
Issue Isabel
Alfonso XII
María
Eulalia
Royal House House of Bourbon
Father Ferdinand VII
Mother Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies

Isabella II (October 10, 1830April 10, 1904), Isabel II in Spanish, was Queen regnant of Spain ("Queen of the Spains" officially from August 13, 1836, Isabella II the "queen of Castile, Leon, Aragon,...") This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1833 (MDCCCXXXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 273rd day of the year (274th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1868 (MDCCCLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 283rd day of the year (284th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Liberty Leading the People by Eugène Delacroix commemorates the July Revolution 1830 (MDCCCXXX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... This article is about the Spanish capital. ... is the 100th day of the year (101st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1904 (MCMIV) was a leap year starting on a Friday (see link for calendar). ... // El Escorial, the Royal Monastery of San Lorenzo El Real (also known as the Monasterio de El Escorial or simply El Escorial) is located about 45 kilometres (28 miles) northwest of the Spanish capital, Madrid. ... Ferdinand VII (October 14, 1784 - September 29, 1833) was King of Spain from 1813 to 1833. ... Amadeo I (Italian Amedeo, sometimes Latinized as Amadeus) (May 30, 1845 – January 18, 1890) was the 1st Duke of Aosta and King of Spain Biography Amadeo dAosta was born in Turin, Italy. ... Francis of Assisi of Bourbon (Spanish: Francisco de Asís de Borbón) was born in Aranjuez, Spain on 13 May 1822 and died at Épinay-sur-Seine, France, 17 April 1902). ... Image:V.Palmaroli Infanta Isabel . ... Alfonso XII of Spain (November 28, 1857–November 25, 1885), was king of Spain, reigning from 1875 to 1885, after a coup détat restored the monarchy and ended the ephemeral First Spanish Republic. ... Maria de la Paz María de la Paz de Borbón y Borbón (María de la Paz Juana Amelia Adalberta Francisca de Paula Juana Bautista Isabel Francisca de Asis) (Madrid, June 23, 1862– - Schloss Nymphenburg, Münich, December 4, 1946) was an infanta of Spain. ... Infanta Eulalia of Spain, Duchess of Galliera Infanta Eulalia of Spain (12 February 1864 - 8 March 1958) was a Spanish princess known for her controversial books. ... Also see:  Early Modern France The House of Bourbon is an important European royal house, a branch of the Capetian dynasty. ... Ferdinand VII (October 14, 1784 - September 29, 1833) was King of Spain from 1813 to 1833. ... Maria Christina, Queen Regent of Spain Maria Christina of Bourbon, Princess of the Two Sicilies, Queen of Spain (Maria Cristina Ferdinanda of the Two Sicilies branch of the Royal House of Bourbon) (April 27, 1806–August 22, 1878) was Queen Consort of Spain (1829 to 1833) and Queen Regent of... is the 283rd day of the year (284th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Liberty Leading the People by Eugène Delacroix commemorates the July Revolution 1830 (MDCCCXXX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... is the 100th day of the year (101st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1904 (MCMIV) was a leap year starting on a Friday (see link for calendar). ... This is a list of Spanish monarchs—that is, rulers of the country of Spain in the modern sense of the word. ... is the 225th day of the year (226th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1836 (MDCCCXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...

Contents

Biography

Isabella was born in Madrid in 1830 and was the eldest daughter of Ferdinand VII, king of Spain, and of his fourth wife and niece, Maria Christina, a Neapolitan Bourbon and also the niece of Marie Antoinette. Maria became queen-regent on September 29, 1833, when her daughter Isabella, at the age of three years, was proclaimed queen on the death of the king. This article is about the Spanish capital. ... Ferdinand VII (October 14, 1784 - September 29, 1833) was King of Spain from 1813 to 1833. ... Maria Christina, Queen Regent of Spain Maria Christina, Princess of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, Queen of Spain (Maria Cristina Ferdinanda of the Two Sicilies branch of the Royal House of Bourbon) (April 27, 1806–August 22, 1878) was Queen Consort of Spain (1829 to 1833) and Queen Regent of Spain (1833... Neapolitan may refer to: Neapolitan, a resident of Naples, Italy Neapolitan language, a language of Naples and environs in southern Italy Neapolitan ice cream, a mixture of chocolate, vanilla, and strawberry ice cream side-by-side in the same container Neapolitan chord, in music, is the first inversion of a... Also see:  Early Modern France The House of Bourbon is an important European royal house, a branch of the Capetian dynasty. ... Marie-Antoinette, Queen of France and Archduchess of Austria (born November 1755 – executed 16 October 1793) Daughter of Maria Theresa of Austria, wife of Louis XVI and mother of Louis XVII. She was guillotined at the height of the French Revolution. ... is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1833 (MDCCCXXXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


Queen Isabella succeeded to the throne because Ferdinand VII induced the Cortes to assist him in setting aside the Salic law, which the Bourbons had introduced in the beginning of the 18th century, and to re-establish the older succession law of Spain. The brother of Ferdinand, Carlos, the first pretender, fought seven years, during the minority of Isabella, to dispute her title. Supporters of Carlos and his descendants were known as Carlists and the dispute over the succession was the subject of a number of Carlist Wars in the 19th century. // The Salic law (Lat. ... Infante Carlos of Spain Don Carlos María Isidro Benito de Borbón, Infante of Spain (1788-1855) was the second surviving son of King Charles IV of Spain and of his wife, Maria Louisa of Parma. ... Carlism restored the cross of Burgundy assimilated by the Spanish Bourbons through the Spanish Habsburgs and used as flag of the Spanish empire. ... The Carlist Wars in Spain were the last major European civil wars in which pretenders fought to establish their claim to a throne. ...


Isabella's rights were only maintained through the support of the army. The Cortes and the Liberals and Progressives, who at the same time established constitutional and parliamentary government, dissolved the religious orders, confiscated the property of the orders including the Jesuits, and attempted to restore order in finances. After the Carlist war the queen-regent, Christina, resigned to make way for Baldomero Espartero, Prince of Vergara, the most successful and most popular general of the Isabelline armies, who remained regent for only two years. The Cortes Generales (Spanish for General Courts) is the legislature of Spain. ... The Society of Jesus (Latin: Societas Iesu), commonly known as the Jesuits, is a Roman Catholic religious order. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


He was turned out in 1843 by a military and political pronunciamiento led by Generals O'Donnell and Narvaez, who formed a cabinet, presided over by Joaquin Maria Lopez, and this government induced the Cortes to declare Isabella of age at thirteen. Three years later the Moderado party or Castilian Conservatives made their Queen marry, at sixteen, her cousin, Prince Fernando I Francisco de Asis de Bourbon-Cadige (18221902), on the same day (October 10, 1846) her younger sister married the duke of Montpensier. Year 1843 (MDCCCXLIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Francis of Asis de Bourbon (Francis I) Francis of Asis de Bourbon (Spanish: Francisco de Asís de Borbón; born Aranjuez, 13 May 1822; died Épinay-sur-Seine, 17 April 1902) was king-consort of Spain, styled Francis I of Spain, from 1846 to 1868. ... 1822 (MDCCCXXII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1902 (MCMII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 283rd day of the year (284th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1846 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...


These marriages suited the views of France and Louis Philippe, who nearly quarrelled in consequence with Britain; but both matches were anything but happy. In fact, persistent rumor had it that few if any of the Spanish Queen regnant's children were conceived by her king-consort, a homosexual. The heir to the throne, who would eventually become Alfonso XII, for instance, was widely believed to be Isabella's child by a captain of the guard, Enrique Puig y Moltó. Louis-Philippe of France (6 October 1773 – 26 August 1850) was King of the French from 1830 to 1848 in what was known as the July Monarchy. ... King consort is a title given in some monarchies to the husband of a Queen regnant. ...

Spanish Royalty
House of Bourbon
1833-present

Isabella II
Children
   Isabella, Princess of Asturias
   Alfonso XII
   Maria de la Paz, Princess of Bavaria
   Infanta Eulalia
Alfonso XII
Children
   Maria de las Mercedes, Princess of Asturias
   Teresa, Princess of Bavaria
   Alfonso XIII
Grandchildren
   Alfonso, Duke of Calabria
Great Grandchildren
   Carlos, Duke of Calabria
Alfonso XIII
Children
   Alfonso, Prince of Asturias
   Jaime, Duke of Segovia
   Infanta Beatriz
   Infanta Maria Cristina
   Juan, Count of Barcelona
   Infante Gonzalo
Grandchildren
   Infanta Pilar
   Juan Carlos I
   Infanta Margarita
   Infante Alfonso
Juan Carlos I
Children
   Elena, Duchess of Lugo
   Cristina, Duchess of Palma
   Felipe, Prince of Asturias
Grandchildren
   Infanta Leonor
   Infanta Sofía
Edit

Isabella had twelve children, but only four reached adulthood: Also see:  Early Modern France The House of Bourbon is an important European royal house, a branch of the Capetian dynasty. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 349 × 598 pixelsFull resolution (1275 × 2186 pixel, file size: 868 KB, MIME type: image/png) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Alfonso XII of Spain Alfonso XIII... Infanta dona Isabel, Princess of Asturias (1851–1931), was twice the recognized heir to the throne of Spain. ... Alfonso XII of Spain (November 28, 1857–November 25, 1885), was king of Spain, reigning from 1875 to 1885, after a coup détat restored the monarchy and ended the ephemeral First Spanish Republic. ... Maria de la Paz María de la Paz de Borbón y Borbón (María de la Paz Juana Amelia Adalberta Francisca de Paula Juana Bautista Isabel Francisca de Asis) (Madrid, June 23, 1862– - Schloss Nymphenburg, Münich, December 4, 1946) was an infanta of Spain. ... Infanta Eulalia of Spain, Duchess of Galliera Infanta Eulalia of Spain (12 February 1864 - 8 March 1958) was a Spanish princess known for her controversial books. ... Alfonso XII of Spain (November 28, 1857–November 25, 1885), was king of Spain, reigning from 1875 to 1885, after a coup détat restored the monarchy and ended the ephemeral First Spanish Republic. ... Infanta Maria de las Mercedes of Spain (1880–1904), Princess of the Asturias, for all 24 years of her life the Heiress Presumptive of the Spanish royal crown, and for a period in 1885–1886, the extant Head of the State of Spain, was born as Doña María... Louis Ferdinand (German: Ludwig Ferdinand; Spanish: Luis Fernando) (1859-1949), was a Bavarian prince and Spanish infante. ... Alfonso XIII (May 17, 1886 – February 28, 1941), King of Spain, posthumous son of Alfonso XII of Spain, was proclaimed King at his birth. ... Infante Alfonso, Duke of Calabria (30 November 1901- 3 February 1964), was one of two claimants to the title of the head of House of Bourbon Two Sicilies from 1960 till his death. ... Infante Don Carlos of Spain, Prince of the Two Sicilies, Duke of Calabria (Carlos Maria Alfonso Marcel de Borbon-Dos Sicilias y de Borbon-Parma) (born January 16, 1938 in Lausanne) is the son of Don Alfonso of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, Duke of Calabria (1901-1964) and Princess Alice of... Alfonso XIII (May 17, 1886 – February 28, 1941), King of Spain, posthumous son of Alfonso XII of Spain, was proclaimed King at his birth. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Jaime Luitpold Isabelino Enrique de Borbón y Battenberg, Infante of Spain, Duke of Segovia (June 23, 1908- March 20, 1975), was the second son of King Alfonso XIII of Spain and his wife Princess Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg. ... The Infanta Dona Beatriz of Spain (Beatriz Isabel Federica Alfonsa Eugenia Cristina Maria Teresa Bienvenida Ladislà Borbón y Battenberg) (22 June 1909 - 22 November 2002) was a daughter of HM Alfonso XIII of Spain and Queen Ena of Spain aunt of the current King Juan Carlos I. Infanta Beatriz... The Infanta Maria Cristina of Spain (Doña María Cristina Teresa Alejandra María de Guadalupe María de la Concepción Ildefonsa Victoria Eugenia de Borbón y Battenberg) (12 December 1911 - 23 December 1996) was the fourth child of HM Alfonso XIII of Spain and Queen Ena... HRH Infante Don Juan of Spain, Count of Barcelona, Juan Carlos Teresa Silvestre Alfonso de Borbón y Battenberg (June 20, 1913 – April 1, 1993), was the fourth son and designated heir of King Alfonso XIII of Spain, the monarch replaced by the Second Spanish Republic, and father of King... The Infante Don Gonzalo of Spain (24 October 1914 - 13 August 1933) was the fourth son and sixth child of Alfonso XIII of Spain and his wife Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg. ... The Infanta Pilar,1 Duchess of Badajoz (Doña María del Pilar Alfonsa Juana Victoria Luisa Ignacia de Todos los Santos de Borbón y Borbón-Dos Sicilias) (born July 30, 1936) is the eldest daughter of Juan de Borbon, Count of Barcelona and Maria Mercedes de Borb... Juan Carlos I (baptized as Juan Carlos Alfonso Víctor María de Borbón y Borbón-Dos Sicilias; born January 5, 1938, Rome, Italy) is the reigning King of Spain. ... The Infanta Margarita, Duchess of Hernani and Soria (Doña Margarita María de la Victoria Esperanza Jacoba Felicidad Perpetua de Todos los Santos de Borbón y Borbón-Dos Sicilias) (born March 6, 1939), is the youngest daughter of Juan de Borbón, Count of Barcelona and Maria... Infante Alfonso of Spain (1941-1956) was a younger brother of King Juan Carlos I of Spain. ... Juan Carlos I (baptized as Juan Carlos Alfonso Víctor María de Borbón y Borbón-Dos Sicilias; born January 5, 1938, Rome, Italy) is the reigning King of Spain. ... Elena of Spain The Infanta Elena, Duchess of Lugo (Elena María Isabel Dominica de los Silos de Borbón y de Grecia); (born December 20, 1963, in Madrid), is the eldest daughter of King Juan Carlos and Queen Sofía, and third in the line of succession to the... The Infanta Cristina, Duchess of Palma de Mallorca (Cristina Federica Victoria Antonia de la Santísima Trinidad de Borbón y de Grecia, born June 13, 1965), is the younger daughter of King Juan Carlos of Spain and Queen Sofía. ... Don Felipe, Prince of Asturias (Felipe Juan Pablo Alfonso de Todos los Santos de Borbón y de Grecia) born January 30, 1968), is the third child of King Juan Carlos and Queen Sofía of Spain. ... The Infanta Leonor of Spain (Leonor de Todos los Santos de Borbón y Ortiz), in English: Eleanor of All The Saints of Bourbon and Ortiz, born October 31, 2005, in Madrid, is the first child of Felipe, Prince of Asturias, and his wife Letizia, Princess of Asturias, and thus... The Infanta Sofía of Spain (), in English: Sophie of All the Saints of Bourbon and Ortiz, born 29 April 2007, in Madrid, is the second child of Felipe, Prince of Asturias, and his wife Letizia, Princess of Asturias. ...

  • Ferdinand (1850)
  • Maria Isabel (18511931), Princess of Asturias, who married Prince Gaetano of the Two Sicilies.
  • Maria Cristina (1854)
  • Alfonso XII
  • Maria de la Concepcion (1859-1861)
  • Maria de Pilar (1861-1879)
  • María de la Paz (18621946), who married her cousin Ludwig Ferdinand Prinz von Bayern.
  • Francisco de Asis (1863)
  • Eulalia de Asis de la Piedad (18641958), who married her cousin Antonio de Orléans y Borbón, Infante of Spain.

Queen Isabella reigned from 1843 to 1868, and that period was one long succession of palace intrigues, back-stairs and antechamber influences, barrack conspiracies, military pronunciamientos to further the ends of the political parties — Moderados who ruled from 1846 to 1854, Progressives from 1854 to 1856 Unión Liberal from 1856 to 1863; Moderados and Unión Liberals quickly succeeding each other and keeping out the Progressists so steadily that the seeds were sown which budded into the revolution of 1868. Image:V.Palmaroli Infanta Isabel . ... 1851 (MDCCCLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1931 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Alfonso XII of Spain (November 28, 1857 _ November 25, 1885), was king of Spain, reigning from 1875 to 1885, after a coup detat restored the monarchy and ended the ephemeral First Spanish Republic. ... Maria de la Paz María de la Paz de Borbón y Borbón (María de la Paz Juana Amelia Adalberta Francisca de Paula Juana Bautista Isabel Francisca de Asis) (Madrid, June 23, 1862– - Schloss Nymphenburg, Münich, December 4, 1946) was an infanta of Spain. ... This article is about 1862 . ... Year 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full 1946 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Louis Ferdinand (German: Ludwig Ferdinand; Spanish: Luis Fernando) (1859-1949), was a Bavarian prince and Spanish infante. ... Infanta Eulalia of Spain, Duchess of Galliera Infanta Eulalia of Spain (12 February 1864 - 8 March 1958) was a Spanish princess known for her controversial books. ... 1864 (MDCCCLXIV) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... Jan. ... In the Spanish and former Portuguese monarchies, Infante (masc. ... Year 1843 (MDCCCXLIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1868 (MDCCCLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Queen Isabella II of Spain in exile at Paris Juan Prim, Spanish general. ...


Queen Isabella II often interfered in politics in a wayward, unscrupulous manner that made her very unpopular. She showed most favour to her reactionary generals and statesmen, to the Church and religious orders, and was constantly the tool of corrupt and profligate courtiers and favourites who gave her court a bad name. She went into exile at the end of September 1868, after her Moderado generals had made a slight show of resistance that was crushed at the battle of Alcolea by Marshals Serrano and Prim. Other events of Queen Isabella's reign were a war against Morocco, which ended in an advantageous treaty for Spain and some Morroccan cession of territory; the fruitless Chincha Islands War against Peru and Chile; independence revolts in Cuba and Puerto Rico; and some progress in public works, especially railways and a slight improvement in commerce and finance. Year 1868 (MDCCCLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Please wikify (format) this article as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Don Francisco Serrano y Domínguez, Duke de la Torre, Count of San Antonio (es: Francisco Serrano y Domínguez, duque de la Torre) (1810-1885), Spanish marshal and statesman, was born in the island of León at Cádiz on 17 December 1810. ... Joan Prim, Spanish general and statesman Reus, Prims Monument Don Joan Prim, Count of Reus, Viscount del Bruch, Marquis of los Castillejos (ca: Joan Prim i Prats, comte de Reus i vescomte del Bruc, marquès dels Castillejos; es: Juan Prim y Prats, conde de Reus y vizconde del... Combatants Kingdom of Spain Chile; Peru The Chincha Islands War (Spanish: Guerra Hispano-Peruana, Guerra Hispano-Chilena, Spanish-Peruvian War or Spanish-Chilean War, the name changing depending on the nationality of the author) was a series of coastal and naval battles between Spain and its former colonies of Peru...


Her exile in 1868, helped create the Franco-Prussian war, as the Spanish found a possible candidate in Prince Leopold of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen. Queen Isabella II was a Bourbon ( a member of the old French royalty ), this raised the possibility of a German sitting on the vacant Spanish throne, something the French under Napoleon III would never accept. Combatants Second French Empire North German Confederation allied with South German states (later German Empire) Commanders Napoleon III François Achille Bazaine Patrice de Mac-Mahon, duc de Magenta Otto von Bismarck Helmuth von Moltke the Elder Strength 400,000 at wars beginning 1,200,000 Casualties 150,000... Leopold of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen Prince Leopold Stefan Karel Anton Gustaf Eduard Tassilo von Hohenzollern Sigmaringen (22 September 1835 - 8 June 1905) was the eldest son of Prince Karl Anton of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen and father of future King Ferdinand I of Romania, as well as the brother of Prince, later King... Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen is the cadet branch of the senior Swabian branch of the Hohenzollern dynasty, less known however than the Franconian branch which became Burgraves of Nuremberg and later ruled Brandenburg, Prussia and ultimately Germany in the centuries to 1918. ... Also see:  Early Modern France The House of Bourbon is an important European royal house, a branch of the Capetian dynasty. ... Charles Louis Napoléon Bonaparte (April 20, 1808 - January 9, 1873) was the son of King Louis Bonaparte and Queen Hortense de Beauharnais; both monarchs of the French puppet state, the Kingdom of Holland. ...


Isabella was induced to abdicate in Paris on June 25, 1870 in favour of her son, Alfonso XII, and the cause of the restoration was furthered. She had separated from her husband in the previous March and continued to live in France after the restoration in 1874. On the occasion of one of her visits to Madrid during Alfonso XII's reign she began to intrigue with the politicians of the capital, and was peremptorily requested to go abroad again. She resided in Paris for the rest of her life, seldom traveling abroad except for a small numbers of visits to her native Spain. During her exile she grew closer to her husband, with whom she maintained an ambiguous friendship until his death in 1902. The last days of her life were marked by her youngest daughter's matrimonial problems. She died on April 10, 1904 and is entombed in El Escorial. This article is about the capital of France. ... is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1870 (MDCCCLXX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Alfonso XII of Spain (November 28, 1857–November 25, 1885), was king of Spain, reigning from 1875 to 1885, after a coup détat restored the monarchy and ended the ephemeral First Spanish Republic. ... is the 100th day of the year (101st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // El Escorial, the Royal Monastery of San Lorenzo El Real (also known as the Monasterio de El Escorial or simply El Escorial) is located about 45 kilometres (28 miles) northwest of the Spanish capital, Madrid. ...


Titulary

In 1837, Spain developed legislatively into a constitutional monarchy. Before that date, the underage Isabella was still known by the feudal-like centuries-old, symbolic long titulary: Doña Isabel II por la Gracia de Dios, Reina de Castilla, de Leon, de Aragon, de las Dos Sicilias, de Jerusalén, de Navarra, de Granada, de Toledo, de Valencia, de Galicia, de Mallorca, de Sevilla, de Cerdeña, de Córdoba, de Córcega, de Murcia, de Menorca, de Jaen, de los Algarbes, de Algeciras, de Gibraltar, de las Islas Canarias, de las Indias Orientales y Occidentales, Islas y Tierra firme del mar Océano; Archiduquesa de Austria; Duquesa de Borgoña, de Brabante y de Milan; Condesa de Aspurg, Flandes, Tirol y Barcelona; Señora de Vizcaya y de Molina &c. &c. Forms of government Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A constitutional monarchy is a form of government established under a constitutional system which acknowledges an elected or hereditary monarch as head of state, as opposed to an absolute monarchy, where the monarch is not bound by a...


At the change, a new format of the titulary was taken into use for Isabella: Por la gracia de Dios y la Constitución de la Monarquía española, Reina de las Españas. By the grace of God and the Constitution of the Spanish monarchy, Queen of the Spains.


In Popular Culture

Isabella is portrayed by Rachel Weisz in the 2005 Sci-Fi film, The Fountain Rachel Weisz (born March 7, 1971) is an Academy Award-winning English film and television actress. ... For the comic book based on this films early script, see The Fountain (graphic novel). ...


Ancestors

Isabella's ancestors in three generations
Isabella II of Spain Father:
Ferdinand VII of Spain
Paternal Grandfather:
Charles IV of Spain
Paternal Great-Grandfather:
Charles III of Spain
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Maria Amalia of Saxony
Paternal Grandmother:
Maria Luisa of Parma
Paternal Great-Grandfather:
Philip, Duke of Parma
Paternal Great-Grandmother:
Princess Louise-Élisabeth of France
Mother:
Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies
Maternal Grandfather:
Francis I of the Two Sicilies
Maternal Great-Grandfather:
Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies
Maternal Great-Grandmother:
Marie Caroline of Austria
Maternal Grandmother:
Maria Isabel of Spain
Maternal Great-grandfather:
Charles IV of Spain
Maternal Great-Grandmother:
Maria Luisa of Parma


This article incorporates text from the public domain 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica. Ferdinand VII (October 14, 1784 - September 29, 1833) was King of Spain from 1813 to 1833. ... Charles IV (November 11, 1748 - January 20, 1819) was King of Spain from December 14, 1788 until his abdication on March 19, 1808. ... Charles III of Spain - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Maria Amalia of Saxony. ... Maria Louise of Parma (December 9, 1751-January 2, 1819) was queen of Spain and consort of King Charles IV of Spain. ... Philip of Bourbon, Duke of Parma (March 15, 1720–July 18, 1765) was duke of Parma from 1748 to 1765. ... Louise-Élisabeth of France and her daught y su hija Luisa Isabel de Borbón-Parma. ... Maria Christina, Queen Regent of Spain Maria Christina of Bourbon, Princess of the Two Sicilies, Queen of Spain (Maria Cristina Ferdinanda of the Two Sicilies branch of the Royal House of Bourbon) (April 27, 1806–August 22, 1878) was Queen Consort of Spain (1829 to 1833) and Queen Regent of... Francis I (Francesco Gennaro Giuseppe, August 14, 1777 – November 8, 1830) was King of the Two Sicilies from 1825 to 1830. ... King Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies (January 12, 1751 - January 4, 1825). ... HM Queen Marie Caroline of Naples and Sicily Her Majesty Queen Marie Caroline of Naples and Sicily née Her Imperial & Royal Highness Archduchess Marie Caroline of Austria (13 August 1752- 8 September 1814) was queen consort and de facto ruler of Naples from 1768 to 1799 and from 1799... Francis I (Francesco Gennaro Giuseppe, August 14, 1777 – November 8, 1830) was King of the Two Sicilies from 1825 to 1830. ... Charles IV (November 11, 1748 - January 20, 1819) was King of Spain from December 14, 1788 until his abdication on March 19, 1808. ... Maria Louise of Parma (December 9, 1751-January 2, 1819) was queen of Spain and consort of King Charles IV of Spain. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ... Supporters contend that the Eleventh Edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica (1910-1911) represents the sum of human knowledge at the beginning of the 20th century; indeed, it was advertised as such. ...

Isabella II of Spain
Cadet branch of the Capetian dynasty
Born: 10 October 1830 Died: 10 April 1904
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Ferdinand VII
Queen of Spain
1833 – 1868
with Maria Christina (1833 – 1840)
Baldomero Espartero (1840 – 1843)
nominally with Francis I, king-consort (1846 – 1868)
Succeeded by
Amadeus
Spanish royalty
Vacant
Title last held by
Prince Ferdinand
Princess of Asturias
1830-1833
Succeeded by
Princess Isabel
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Iconography: First Carlist War

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Isabella II of Spain: Information from Answers.com (1245 words)
Isabella II, 1830–1904, queen of Spain (1833–68), daughter of Ferdinand VII and of Maria Christina.
Isabella II (October 10, 1830 – April 10, 1904), Isabel II in Spanish, was Queen regnant of Spain ("Queen of the Spains" officially from August 13, 1836, hitherto the "queen of Castile, Leon, Aragon,...")
Isabella was induced to abdicate in Paris on June 25, 1870 in favour of her son, Alfonso XII, and the cause of the restoration was thus much furthered.
Spain and Its Coins (2900 words)
The marriage in 1469 of Ferdinand II of Aragon with Isabella, heiress to the crown of Castile, laid the foundations of a united Spanish kingdom.
Philip II (1556-1598) inherited from his father, Charles V, the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies and the Duchy of Milan in Italy, Brabant and the possessions in the Netherlands, and the Spanish kingdom and its overseas colonial empire.
Isabella II (1833-1868): Three years old when she became queen of Spain, she ruled up to 1845 under the regency of her mother.
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