FACTOID # 16: In the 2000 Presidential Election, Texas gave Ralph Nader the 3rd highest popular vote count of any US state.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Isaac Asimov
Isaac Asimov

A photograph of Asimov taken by Jay Kay Klein
Pseudonym: Dr. A, Paul French, George E. Dale
Born January 2?, 1920?[1]
Petrovichi, Russian SFSR
Died April 6, 1992 (aged 72)
New York, New York, USA
Occupation Novelist, Short-story Writer, Essayist, Historian, Biochemist, Textbook Writer, Humorist
Genres Science fiction (hard SF), popular science, mystery fiction, essays, literary criticism
Literary movement Golden Age of Science Fiction
Debut works "Marooned Off Vesta"
Influences Clifford D. Simak, H.G. Wells, Stanley G. Weinbaum

Isaac Asimov (January 2?, 1920?[1]April 6, 1992), pronounced /ˈaɪzək ˈæzɪmɒv/, originally Исаак Озимов but now transcribed into Russian as Айзек Азимов [1], was a Russian-born American author and professor of biochemistry, a highly successful writer, best known for his works of science fiction and for his popular science books. Download high resolution version (500x662, 61 KB)A photo of Isaac Asimov. ... For other uses, see Alias. ... Petrovichi is a Russian town near Smolensk. ... State motto: Russian: Пролетарии всех стран, соединяйтесь! Translation: Workers of the world, unite! Capital Moscow Official language Russian Established In the USSR:  - Since  - Until November 7, 1917 November 7, 1917 December 12, 1991 (dissolution) Area  - Total  - Water (%) Ranked 1st in the USSR 17,075,200 km² 13% Population  - Total   - Density Ranked 1st in the... is the 96th day of the year (97th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... This article is about the state. ... This article is about work. ... A novel is an extended work of written, narrative, prose fiction, usually in story form; the writer of a novel is a novelist. ... The short story is a literary genre. ... A writer is anyone who creates a written work, although the word more usually designates those who write creatively or professionally, or those who have written in many different forms. ... An essayist is an author who writes compositions which can be about any particular subject. ... This article is about the occupation of studying history. ... A biochemist is a scientist trained and dedicated to producing results in the discipline of biochemistry. ... Three textbooks. ... A writer is anyone who creates a written work, although the word more usually designates those who write creatively or professionally, or those who have written in many different forms. ... A humorist is an author who specializes in short, humorous articles or essays. ... A literary genre is one of the divisions of literature into genres according to particular criteria such as literary technique, tone, or content. ... Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ... Hard science fiction, or hard SF, is a subgenre of science fiction characterized by an interest in scientific detail or accuracy. ... This article is not about the magazine, Popular Science Popular science is interpretation of science intended for a general audience, rather than for other scientists or students. ... Mystery fiction is a distinct subgenre of detective fiction that entails the occurrence of an unknown event which requires the protagonist to make known (or solve). ... Essay, a short work that treats of a topic from an authors personal point of view, often taking into account subjective experiences and personal reflections upon them. ... Literary criticism is the study, discussion, evaluation, and interpretation of literature. ... ... The Golden Age of Science Fiction, often recognized as a period from the late 1930s or early 1940s through the 1950s, was an era during which the science fiction genre gained wide public attention and many classic science fiction stories were published. ... Marooned Off Vesta was a short story by Isaac Asimov, originally collected in The Best of Isaac Asimov. ... Clifford Donald Simak ( August 3, 1904 - April 25, 1988) was an American science fiction author. ... H. G. Wells at the door of his house at Sandgate Herbert George Wells (September 21, 1866 - August 13, 1946) was an English writer best known for his science fiction novels such as The War of the Worlds and The Time Machine. ... Stanley Grauman Weinbaum (1902-December 14, 1935) was an American science fiction author. ... is the 2nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display 1920) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 96th day of the year (97th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... Biochemistry (from Greek: , bios, life and Egyptian kÄ“me, earth[1]) is the study of the chemical processes in living organisms. ... Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ... This article is not about the magazine, Popular Science Popular science is interpretation of science intended for a general audience, rather than for other scientists or students. ...


Professor Asimov was one of the most prolific writers of all time, having written or edited more than 500 books and an estimated 90,000 letters and postcards, and he has works published in nine of the ten major categories of the Dewey Decimal System (all except the 100s, Philosophy).[2][3] For the computer diagnostic tool, see POST card. ... The Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC, also called the Dewey Decimal System) is a system of library classification developed by Melvil Dewey (1851–1931) in 1876, and since greatly modified and expanded in the course of the twenty-two major revisions which have occurred up until 2004. ...


Asimov is widely considered a master of the science-fiction genre and, along with Robert A. Heinlein and Arthur C. Clarke, was considered one of the "Big Three" science-fiction writers during his lifetime.[4] Asimov's most famous work is the Foundation Series; his other major series are the Galactic Empire series and the Robot series, both of which he later tied into the same fictional universe as the Foundation Series to create a unified "future history" for his stories much like those pioneered by Robert A. Heinlein and previously produced by Cordwainer Smith and Poul Anderson. He penned numerous short stories, among them "Nightfall", which in 1964 was voted by the Science Fiction Writers of America the best short science fiction story of all time, a title many still honor. He also wrote mysteries and fantasy, as well as a great amount of nonfiction. Asimov wrote the Lucky Starr series of juvenile science-fiction novels using the pen name Paul French. A genre [], (French: kind or sort from Greek: γένος (genos)) is a loose set of criteria for a category of literary composition; the term is also used for any other form of art or utterance. ... Robert Anson Heinlein (July 7, 1907 – May 8, 1988) was one of the most popular, influential, and controversial authors of hard science fiction. ... Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Arthur C. Clarke Sir Arthur Charles Clarke, CBE (born 16 December 1917) is a British science-fiction author and inventor, most famous for his novel 2001: A Space Odyssey, and for collaborating with director Stanley Kubrick on the film of the same... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The Galactic Empire Series contains Isaac Asimovs three earliest novels and one short story: The Stars, Like Dust (1951) The Currents of Space (1952) Pebble in the Sky (1950), his first novel Blind Alley (1945), short story reprinted in The Early Asimov They are only loosely connected. ... Isaac Asimovs Robot Series is a series of books by Isaac Asimov, both collections of short stories and novels. ... Robert Anson Heinlein (July 7, 1907 – May 8, 1988) was one of the most popular, influential, and controversial authors of hard science fiction. ... Cordwainer Smith – pronounced CORDwainer Smith – was the pseudonym used by American author Paul Myron Anthony Linebarger (July 11, 1913 – August 6, 1966) for his science fiction works. ... Poul William Anderson (November 25, 1926–July 31, 2001) was an American science fiction author of the genres Golden Age. ... Nightfall (1990), a novel which Robert Silverberg produced by expanding and updating Asimovs original story. ... Science Fiction Writers of America, or SFWA, (SFWA is pronounced seff-wah) was founded in 1965 by Damon Knight and James Blish. ... Mystery fiction is a distinct subgenre of detective fiction that entails the occurrence of an unknown event which requires the protagonist to make known (or solve). ... For other uses, see Fantasy (disambiguation). ... Lucky Starr is the hero of a series of books by Isaac Asimov, using the pen name Paul French. Intended for juveniles, the books were written in the middle of the Cold War and the series shows traces of this, both in educational intent and in the nature of the... Childrens books redirects here. ... A pen name or nom de plume is a pseudonym adopted by an author. ...


Most of Asimov's popularized science books explain scientific concepts in a historical way, going as far back as possible to a time when the science in question was at its simplest stage. He often provides nationalities, birth dates, and death dates for the scientists he mentions, as well as etymologies and pronunciation guides for technical terms. Examples include his Guide to Science, the three volume set Understanding Physics, and Asimov's Chronology of Science and Discovery. Etymologies redirects here. ...


Asimov was a long-time member and Vice President of Mensa International, albeit reluctantly; he described some members of that organization as "brain-proud and aggressive about their IQs"[5] He took more joy in being president of the American Humanist Association. The asteroid 5020 Asimov, the magazine Asimov's Science Fiction, a Brooklyn, NY elementary school, and two different Isaac Asimov Awards are named in his honor. Mensa is the largest, oldest, and most famous high-IQ society in the world. ... The American Humanist Association (AHA) is an educational organization in the United States that advances Humanism. ... For other uses, see Asteroid (disambiguation). ... 5020 Asimov is an asteroid discovered March 2, 1981 by Schelte J. Bus. ... Cover for an issue of Asimovs Science Fiction. ... this is a really weird award that means you are the best!!!!!!! ...

Contents

Biography

Asimov was born sometime between October 4, 1919 and January 2, 1920 in Petrovichi shtetl of Smolensk Oblast, RSFSR (now Mahilyow Province, Republic of Belarus) to Anna Rachel Berman Asimov and Judah Asimov, a Jewish family of millers. His date of birth is uncertain due to differences in the Gregorian and Hebrew calendars and because of a lack of records. Asimov himself always celebrated it on 2 January.[1] The family name derives from озимые (ozimiye), a Russian word for a winter grain in which his great-grandfather dealt, to which a patronymic suffix was added. His family immigrated to the United States when he was three years old. Since his parents always spoke Yiddish and English with him, he never learned Russian. Growing up in Brooklyn, New York, Asimov taught himself to read at the age of five, and remained fluent in Yiddish as well as English. His parents owned a succession of candy stores, and everyone in the family was expected to work in them. Science fiction pulp magazines were sold in the stores, and he began reading them. Around the age of eleven he began to write his own stories, and by age nineteen, having discovered science fiction fandom, he was selling them to the science fiction magazines. John W. Campbell, then editor of Astounding Science Fiction, was a strong formative influence and eventually became a personal friend. Petrovichi is a Russian town near Smolensk. ... A shtetl (Yiddish: , diminutive form of Yiddish shtot שטאָט, town, pronounced very similarly to the South German diminutiveStädtle, little town) was typically a small town with a large Jewish population in pre-Holocaust Central and Eastern Europe. ... Smolensk Oblast (Russian: ) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). ... State motto: Пролетарии всех стран, соединяйтесь! (Workers of the world, unite!) Official language None (Russian in practice) Capital Moscow Chairman of the Supreme... MahiloÅ­ Province, also known as Mogilev Province, is a province (voblast) of Belarus with capital Mogilev. ... For other uses, see Jew (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Miller (disambiguation). ... For the calendar of religious holidays and periods, see liturgical year. ... The Hebrew calendar (‎) or Jewish calendar is the calendar used by Jews for religious purposes. ... Look up patronymic in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Yiddish ( yidish or idish, literally: Jewish) is a non-territorial Germanic language, spoken throughout the world and written with the Hebrew alphabet. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... For other meanings, see Brooklyn (disambiguation). ... Candy Store is a television commercial for MasterCard first airing in July 2005 and tied in with the 2005 film Charlie and the Chocolate Factory. ... This article is about inexpensive fiction magazines. ... Science fiction fandom or SF fandom is the community of people actively interested in science fiction and fantasy literature, and in contact with one another based upon that interest. ... The cover of , volume 1, with a picture of Campbell drawn by Frank Kelly Freas John Wood Campbell, Jr. ... Astounding Stories was a seminal science fiction magazine founded in 1930. ...

Isaac Asimov in 1956
Isaac Asimov in 1956

Asimov attended New York City Public Schools, including Boys' High School, in Brooklyn, New York. From there he went on to Columbia University, from which he graduated in 1939, later returning to earn a Ph.D. in biochemistry in 1948. In between, he spent three years during World War II working as a civilian at the Philadelphia Navy Yard's Naval Air Experimental Station. After the war ended, he was drafted into the U.S. Army, serving for just under nine months before receiving an honorable discharge. In the course of his brief military career, he rose to the rank of corporal on the basis of his typing skills, and narrowly avoided participating in the 1946 atomic bomb tests at Bikini Atoll. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The New York City Department of Education is a department of the City of New York in the State of New York, United States. ... Alma Mater Columbia University is a private university in the United States and a member of the Ivy League. ... Doctor of Philosophy, abbreviated Ph. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The Philadelphia Naval Shipyard, formerly Navy Yard, was the first naval shipyard of the United States. ... The Army is the branch of the United States armed forces which has primary responsibility for land-based military operations. ... This article is about the military rank. ... The mushroom cloud of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan, 1945, rose some 18 km (11 mi) above the epicenter. ... The Flag of Bikini Atoll Bikini Atoll (also known as Pikinni Atoll) is an uninhabited 6. ...


After completing his doctorate, Asimov joined the faculty of the Boston University School of Medicine, with which he remained associated thereafter. From 1958, this was in a non-teaching capacity, as he turned to writing full-time (his writing income had already exceeded his academic salary). Being tenured meant that he retained the title of associate professor, and in 1979 the university honored his writing by promoting him to full professor of biochemistry. Asimov's personal papers from 1965 on are archived at the university's Mugar Memorial Library, to which he donated them at the request of curator Howard Gottlieb. The collection fills 464 boxes, on seventy-one metres of shelf space. For the similarly named institution in Chestnut Hill, see Boston College. ... Look up tenure in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A professor is a senior teacher and researcher, usually in a college or university. ... The meaning of the word professor (Latin: [1]) varies. ... The Mugar Memorial Library is the primary library for study, teaching, and research in the humanities and social sciences for Boston University. ... A curator of a cultural heritage institution (e. ... This article is about the unit of length. ...


Asimov married Gertrude Blugerman (1917, Canada–1990, Boston) on July 26, 1942. They had two children, David (b. 1951) and Robyn Joan (b. 1955). After a separation in 1970, he and Gertrude divorced in 1973, and Asimov married Janet O. Jeppson later that year. Robyn Joan Asimov (b. ... Janet Asimov (maiden name Janet Opal Jeppson) (born 1926 in Ashland, Pennsylvania) is an American science fiction author and psychoanalyst. ...


Asimov was a claustrophile; he enjoyed small, enclosed spaces. In the first volume of his autobiography, he recalls a childhood desire to own a magazine stand in a New York City Subway station, within which he could enclose himself and listen to the rumble of passing trains while reading. Times Square–42nd Street station entrance The New York City Subway is a rapid transit system owned by the City of New York and leased to the New York City Transit Authority , an affiliate of the Metropolitan Transportation Authority and also known as MTA New York City Transit. ...


Asimov was afraid of flying, only doing so twice in his entire life (once in the course of his work at the Naval Air Experimental Station, and once returning home from the army base in Oahu in 1946). He seldom traveled great distances, partly because his aversion to aircraft complicated the logistics of long-distance travel. This phobia influenced several of his fiction works, such as the Wendell Urth mystery stories and the Robot novels featuring Elijah Baley. In his later years, he found he enjoyed traveling on cruise ships, and on several occasions he became part of the cruises' "entertainment," giving science-themed talks on ships such as the RMS Queen Elizabeth 2. Asimov was an enormously entertaining, prolific, and sought-after public speaker. His sense of timing was exquisite; he never looked at a clock, but invariably spoke for precisely the time allocated[citation needed]. For other uses, see Fear of flying (disambiguation). ... Oʻahu (usually Oahu outside Hawaiian and Hawaiian English), the Gathering Place, is the third largest of the Hawaiian Islands and most populous island in the State of Hawaiʻi. ... Asimovs Mysteries, published in 1968, is a collection of 14 short stories by Isaac Asimov, all of them science fiction mysteries (although, as Asimov admits in the introduction, some are only borderline). ... Elijah Baley from the cover of The Caves of Steel. ... Pacific Sky sails under Sydney Harbour Bridge A cruise ship or a cruise liner is a passenger ship used for pleasure voyages, where the voyage itself and the ships amenities are considered an essential part of the experience. ... RMS Queen Elizabeth 2 (QE2) is a Cunard Line ocean liner named after the earlier Cunard liner RMS Queen Elizabeth. ...


Asimov was a frequent fixture at science fiction conventions, where he remained friendly and approachable. As noted above, he patiently answered tens of thousands of questions and other mail with postcards, and was pleased to give autographs. Science fiction conventions are gatherings of the community of fans (called science fiction fandom) of various forms of speculative fiction including science fiction and fantasy. ...


He was of medium height, stocky, with muttonchop whiskers and a distinct Brooklyn-Yiddish accent. His physical dexterity was very poor. He never learned how to swim or ride a bicycle; however, he did learn to drive a car after he moved to Boston. In his humor book Asimov Laughs Again, he describes Boston driving as "anarchy on wheels." He demonstrated his love of driving in his science fiction short story, 'Sally', about robot cars. An observant reader will notice that he gives a detailed description of only one of the cars within the story, which he calls 'Giuseppe' from Milan - which means that Giuseppe was an Alfa Romeo. None of the other vehicles , not even the titular vehicle of that story receive as specific a description. Asimov did not otherwise mention in any detail any other type of vehicle in any of his works, which has led many fans to speculate that perhaps this brand of automobile was a personal favourite. Mutton chop redirects here. ... For other uses, see Bicycle (disambiguation). ... Alfa Romeo is an Italian automobile manufacturing company, founded as Darracq Italiana by Cavaliere Ugo Stella, an aristocrat from Milan in partnership with the French automobile firm of Alexandre Darracq. ...


Asimov's wide interests included his participation in his later years in organizations devoted to the operettas of Gilbert and Sullivan and in The Wolfe Pack [2], a group of devotees of the Nero Wolfe mysteries written by Rex Stout. He was a prominent member of the Baker Street Irregulars, the leading Sherlock Holmes society. From 1985 until his death in 1992, he was president of the American Humanist Association; his successor was his friend and fellow writer Kurt Vonnegut. He was also a close friend of Star Trek creator Gene Roddenberry, and earned a screen credit on Star Trek: The Motion Picture for advice he gave during production (generally, confirming to Paramount Pictures that Roddenberry's ideas were legitimate science-fictional extrapolation). Operetta is a genre of light opera, light in terms both of music and subject matter. ... W. S. Gilbert Arthur Sullivan Gilbert and Sullivan refers to the Victorian era partnership of librettist W. S. Gilbert (1836–1911) and composer Arthur Sullivan (1842–1900). ... Bitter End — Carl Mueller illustrated Rex Stouts first Nero Wolfe novella for The American Magazine (November 1940) Nero Wolfe is a fictional detective, created by the American mystery writer Rex Stout, who made his debut in 1934. ... Rex Stout, full name Rex Todhunter Stout, (December 1, 1886 - October 27, 1975) was an American writer best known as the creator of the larger-than-life fictional detective Nero Wolfe. ... The Baker Street Irregulars are several different groups, all named after the original, from various Sherlock Holmes stories. ... A portrait of Sherlock Holmes by Sidney Paget from the Strand Magazine, 1891 Sherlock Holmes is a fictional detective of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, who first appeared in publication in 1887. ... The American Humanist Association (AHA) is an educational organization in the United States that advances Humanism. ... Kurt Vonnegut, Jr. ... This article is about the entire Star Trek franchise. ... Eugene Wesley Roddenberry (August 19, 1921 – October 24, 1991) was an American scriptwriter and producer. ... Star Trek: The Motion Picture (Paramount Pictures, 1979; see also 1979 in film) is the first feature film based on the popular Star Trek science fiction television series and is released on Friday, December 7. ... Paramount Pictures Corporation is an American motion picture production and distribution company, based in Hollywood, California. ...


Asimov died on April 6, 1992. He was survived by his second wife, Janet, and his children from his first marriage. Ten years after his death, Janet Asimov's edition of Asimov's autobiography, It's Been a Good Life, revealed that his death was caused by AIDS; he had contracted HIV from a blood transfusion received during a heart bypass operation in December 1983.[6] The specific cause of death was heart and renal failure as complications of HIV infection. Janet Asimov wrote in the epilogue of It's Been a Good Life that Asimov had wanted to "go public," but his doctors convinced him to remain silent, warning that anti-AIDS prejudice would extend to his family members. Asimov's family considered disclosing his condition after he died, but the controversy which erupted when Arthur Ashe announced that he had AIDS convinced them otherwise. Ten years later, after Asimov's doctors had died, Janet and Robyn agreed that the AIDS story could be made public.[7] is the 96th day of the year (97th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... Its Been a Good Life Its Been a Good Life (2002) is a book by Janet Asimov. ... For other uses, see AIDS (disambiguation). ... Species Human immunodeficiency virus 1 Human immunodeficiency virus 2 Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a retrovirus that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS, a condition in humans in which the immune system begins to fail, leading to life-threatening opportunistic infections). ... Manifestations Slavery Racial profiling Lynching Hate speech Hate crime Genocide (examples) Ethnocide Ethnic cleansing Pogrom Race war Religious persecution Gay bashing Blood libel Paternalism Police brutality Movements Policies Discriminatory Race / Religion / Sex segregation Apartheid Redlining Internment Anti-discriminatory Emancipation Civil rights Desegregation Integration Equal opportunity Counter-discriminatory Affirmative action Racial... Arthur Robert Ashe, Jr. ...


Intellectual positions

Isaac Asimov was a Humanist and a rationalist.[8] He did not oppose religious conviction in others, but he frequently railed against superstitious and pseudoscientific beliefs that tried to pass themselves off as genuine science. During his childhood, his father and mother observed Orthodox Jewish traditions, though not as stringently as they had in Petrovichi, and they did not force these beliefs upon young Isaac. Thus he grew up without strong religious influences, coming to believe that the Bible represented Hebrew mythology in the same way that the Iliad recorded Greek mythology. (For a brief while his father worked in the local synagogue to enjoy the familiar surroundings and "shine as a learned scholar" versed in the sacred writings. This experience had little effect upon Isaac beyond teaching him the Hebrew alphabet.) For many years, Asimov called himself an atheist, though he felt the term was somewhat inadequate, describing more what he did not believe than what he did. Later, he found the term "humanist" a useful substitute. This article discusses Humanism as a non-theistic life stance. ... For other uses, see Rationalism (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Superstition (disambiguation). ... A typical 18th century phrenology chart. ... Orthodox Judaism is the formulation of Judaism that adheres to a relatively strict interpretation and application of the laws and ethics first canonised in the Talmudic texts (Oral Torah) and as subsequently developed and applied by the later authorities known as the Gaonim, Rishonim, and Acharonim. ... Petrovichi is a Russian town near Smolensk. ... This Gutenberg Bible is displayed by the United States Library. ... title page of the Rihel edition of ca. ... The bust of Zeus found at Otricoli (Sala Rotonda, Museo Pio-Clementino, Vatican) Greek mythology is the body of stories belonging to the Ancient Greeks concerning their gods and heroes, the nature of the world and the origins and significance of their own cult and ritual practices. ... A synagogue (from , transliterated synagogē, assembly; beit knesset, house of assembly; or beit tefila, house of prayer, shul; , esnoga) is a Jewish house of worship. ... Note: This article contains special characters. ... “Atheist” redirects here. ... Look up Humanist in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


In his last autobiographical book, Asimov wrote, "If I were not an atheist, I would believe in a God who would choose to save people on the basis of the totality of their lives and not the pattern of their words. I think he would prefer an honest and righteous atheist to a TV preacher whose every word is God, God, God, and whose every deed is foul, foul, foul." The same memoir states his belief that Hell is "the drooling dream of a sadist" crudely affixed to an all-merciful God; if even human governments were willing to curtail cruel and unusual punishments, wondered Asimov, why would punishment in the afterlife not be restricted to a limited term? Asimov rejected the idea that a human belief or action could merit infinite punishment. If an afterlife of just deserts existed, he claimed, the longest and most severe punishment would be reserved for those who "slandered God by inventing Hell". As his Treasury of Humor and Asimov Laughs Again record, he was amply willing to tell jokes involving the Judeo-Christian God, Satan, Garden of Eden, and other religious topics, expressing the viewpoint that a good joke can do more to provoke thought than hours of philosophical discussion. This article is about the theological or philosophical afterlife. ... Sadism and masochism, in the original sense, describe psychiatric disorders characterized by feelings of sexual pleasure or gratification when inflicting suffering or having it inflicted upon the self, respectively. ... A joke is a short story or ironic depiction of a situation communicated with the intent of being humorous. ... Jacob wrestling an angel, by Gustave Doré (1832-1883), a shared Judeo-Christian story. ... This article is about the concept of Satan. ... For other uses, see Garden of Eden (disambiguation). ...


Asimov became a staunch supporter of the Democratic Party during the New Deal and remained a political liberal ever after. He was a vocal opponent of the Vietnam War in the 1960s, and in a television interview in the early 1970s he publicly endorsed George McGovern. He was unhappy at what he saw as an irrationalist track taken by many liberal political activists from the late 1960s onwards. In his autobiography In Joy Still Felt, he recalls meeting the counterculture figure Abbie Hoffman; Asimov's impression was that the 1960s' counterculture heroes had ridden an emotional wave which, in the end, left them stranded in a "no-man's land of the spirit" from which he wondered if they would ever return. (This attitude is echoed by The Wave Speech in Hunter S. Thompson's Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas.) His defense of civil applications of nuclear power even after the Three Mile Island incident damaged his relations with some of his fellow liberals. In a letter reprinted in Yours, Isaac Asimov, he states that though he would prefer living in "no danger whatsoever" than near a nuclear reactor, he would still prefer a home near a nuclear power plant than in a slum, on Love Canal or near "a Union Carbide plant producing methyl isocyanate" (referring to the Bhopal disaster). He issued many appeals for population control, reflecting a perspective articulated by people from Thomas Malthus through Paul R. Ehrlich. Asimov considered himself a feminist even before Women's Liberation became a widespread movement; he joked that he wished women to be free "because I hate it when they charge". More seriously, he argued that the issue of women's rights was closely connected to that of population control. Furthermore, he believed that homosexuality must be considered a "moral right" on population grounds, as must all consenting adult sexual activity that does not lead to reproduction (Yours, Isaac Asimov). Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... The New Deal was the title President Franklin D. Roosevelt gave to the series of programs he initiated between 1933 and 1938 with the goal of providing relief, recovery, and reform (3 Rs) to the people and economy of the United States during the Great Depression. ... Combatants Republic of Vietnam United States Republic of Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand The Philippines National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam Democratic Republic of Vietnam People’s Republic of China Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea Strength US 1,000,000 South Korea 300,000 Australia 48,000... George McGovern on May 8, 1972 cover of Time Magazine George Stanley McGovern, Ph. ... Abbott Howard Abbie Hoffman (November 30, 1936 – April 12, 1989) was a self-identified communo-anarchist,[1] social and political activist in the United States, co-founder of the Youth International Party (Yippies), and later, a fugitive from the law, who lived under an alias following a conviction for dealing... // The counterculture of the 1960s was a social revolution between the period of 1960 and 1973[1] that began in the United States as a reaction against the conservative social norms of the 1950s, the political conservatism (and perceived social repression) of the Cold War period, and the US government... The hard cover version of the book. ... Hunter Stockton Thompson (July 18, 1937 – February 20, 2005) was an American journalist and author. ... The hard cover version of the book. ... This article is about applications of nuclear fission reactors as power sources. ... Three Mile Island Nuclear Generating Station consists of two nuclear reactors, each with its own containment building and cooling towers. ... Love Canal is a neighborhood in Niagara Falls, New York, United States of America (USA). ... Union Carbide Corporation (Union Carbide) is one of the oldest chemical and polymers companies in the United States, and currently has more than 3,800 employees. ... Methyl isocyanates structure 3D model of the MIC molecule Methyl isocyanate (MIC) is an organic compound with the molecular formula C2H3NO, arranged as H3C-N=C=O. Synonyms are isocyanatomethane, methyl carbylamine, and MIC. It was discovered in 1888 as an ester of isocyanic acid. ... The Bhopal Disaster took place in the early hours of the morning of December 3, 1984,[1] in the heart of the city of Bhopal in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. ... Population control is the practice of limiting population increase, usually by reducing the birth rate. ... Thomas Robert Malthus, FRS (13th February, 1766 – 29th December, 1834), was an English demographer and political economist. ... Paul Ralph Ehrlich (born May 29, 1932 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) is a Stanford University professor and a renowned entomologist specializing in Lepidoptera (butterflies). ... Feminists redirects here. ... Feminism is a body of social theory and political movement primarily based on and motivated by the experiences of women. ... Homosexuality refers to sexual interaction and / or romantic attraction between individuals of the same sex. ... Informed consent is a legal condition whereby a person can be said to have given consent based upon a full appreciation and understanding of the facts and implications of any actions, with the individual being in possession of all of his faculties (not mentally retarded or mentally ill), and his...


In the closing years of his life, Asimov blamed the deterioration of the quality of life that he perceived in New York City on the shrinking tax base caused by middle class flight to the suburbs. His last non-fiction book, Our Angry Earth (1991, co-written with his long-time friend science fiction author Frederik Pohl), deals with elements of the environmental crisis such as global warming and the destruction of the ozone layer. New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... “Taxes” redirects here. ... The middle class (or middle classes) comprises a social group once defined by exception as an intermediate social class between the nobility and the peasantry. ... “Suburbia” redirects here. ... Our Angry Earth: A Ticking Ecological Bomb, (1991) is a non-fiction book and polemic against the effects mankind is having on the environment by the science fiction writers Issac Asimov and Frederik Pohl. ... Frederik George Pohl, Jr. ... This article is about the natural environment. ... Global warming refers to the increase in the average temperature of the Earths near-surface air and oceans in recent decades and its projected continuation. ... The ozone layer is a layer in Earths atmosphere which contains relatively high concentrations of ozone (O3). ...


Writing

Overview

Rowena Morrill depicts Asimov enthroned with symbols of his life's work

Asimov's career can be divided into several time periods. His early career, dominated by science fiction, began with short stories in 1939 and novels in 1950. This lasted until about 1958, all but ending after publication of The Naked Sun. He began publishing nonfiction in 1952, co-authoring a college-level textbook called Biochemistry and Human Metabolism. Following the brief orbit of the first man-made satellite Sputnik I by the USSR in 1957, his production of nonfiction, particularly popular science books, greatly increased, with a consequent drop in his science fiction output. Over the next quarter century, he wrote only four science fiction novels. Starting in 1982, the second half of his science fiction career began with the publication of Foundation's Edge. From then until his death, Asimov published several more sequels and prequels to his existing novels, tying them together in a way he had not originally anticipated, making a unified series. There are however many inconsistencies in this unification, especially in his earlier stories. Image File history File links AsimovOnThrone. ... Image File history File links AsimovOnThrone. ... Artwork by Rowena Morrill depicting Isaac Asimov enthroned with symbols of his lifes work Rowena A. Morrill (born 1945) is well known in the world of science-fiction and fantasy illustration. ... The Naked Sun is the second novel in Isaac Asimovs Robot series. ... Sputnik 1 was the first artificial satellite to be launched into orbit, on October 4, 1957. ... This article is not about the magazine, Popular Science Popular science is interpretation of science intended for a general audience, rather than for other scientists or students. ... Foundations Edge Foundations Edge is a novel by Isaac Asimov, the fourth book in the Foundation Series. ...


Asimov believed that his most enduring contributions would be his "Three Laws of Robotics" and the Foundation Series (see Yours, Isaac Asimov, p. 329). Furthermore, the Oxford English Dictionary credits his science fiction for introducing the words positronic (an entirely fictional technology), psychohistory (frequently used in a different sense than the imaginary one Asimov employed) and robotics into the English language. Asimov coined the term robotics without suspecting that it might be an original word; at the time, he believed it was simply the natural analogue of mechanics, hydraulics, and so forth. (The original word robot derives from the Czech word for "forced labor", robotovat, robota and was first employed by the playwright Karel Čapek in R.U.R. [Rossum's Universal Robots].) Unlike his word psychohistory, the word robotics continues in mainstream technical use with Asimov's original definition. Star Trek: The Next Generation featured androids with "positronic brains", namely Data, Lore, and B-4 , giving Asimov full credit for 'inventing' this fictional technology. Ironically (or, given Asimov's sense of humor, perhaps not so ironically), Asimov disliked the word "positron" as the term for the electron's antiparticle. As he explained in the nonfiction work "Atom: Journey across the Subatomic Cosmos," the proper suffix is "-on," as in proton and muon, not "-ron," as in electron and neutron, these two terms inheriting their r's from their root words. This cover of I, Robot illustrates the story Runaround, the first to list all Three Laws of Robotics. ... Hari Seldons holographic image, pictured on a paperback edition of Foundation, appears at various times in the First Foundations history, to guide it through the social and economic crises that befall it. ... The Oxford English Dictionary print set The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) is a dictionary published by the Oxford University Press (OUP), and is the most successful dictionary of the English language, (not to be confused with the one-volume Oxford Dictionary of English, formerly New Oxford Dictionary of English, of... The first detection of the positron in 1932 by Carl D. Anderson The positron is the antiparticle or the antimatter counterpart of the electron. ... Psychohistory is the name of a fictional science, which combined history, sociology, and mathematical statistics, in Isaac Asimovs Foundation universe, to create a (nearly) exact science of the actions of very large groups of people, such as the Galactic Empire. ... The Shadow robot hand system holding a lightbulb. ... For other uses, see Mechanic (disambiguation). ... Table of Hydraulics and Hydrostatics, from the 1728 Cyclopaedia. ... For other uses, see robot (disambiguation). ... Karel ÄŒapek (pronounced ; IPA: ) (January 9, 1890 - December 25, 1938) was one of the most important Czech writers of the 20th century. ... R.U.R. (Rosumovi Umělí Roboti) (Rossums Artificial Robots, but usually translated as R.U.R. (Rossums Universal Robots) to preserve the acronym) is a science fiction play by Karel Čapek. ... The title as it appeared in most episodes opening credits. ... For other uses, see Android (disambiguation). ... A positronic brain is a fictional technological device, originally conceived by science fiction writer Isaac Asimov. ... Data[1] is a character, portrayed by Brent Spiner, in the Star Trek fictional universe. ... Lore, played by Brent Spiner is a prototype android and the evil twin brother of Data in Star Trek: The Next Generation. ... For other meanings, see B4. ... The first detection of the positron in 1932 by Carl D. Anderson The positron is the antiparticle or the antimatter counterpart of the electron. ...


Science fiction

Asimov first began reading the science fiction pulp magazines sold in his family's candy store in 1929. He came into contact with science fiction fandom in the mid-1930s, particularly the circle which became the Futurians. He began writing his first science fiction story, "Cosmic Corkscrew", in 1937, but failed to finish it until the spring of 1938, when he was inspired to do so after a visit to the offices of Astounding Science Fiction. He finished "Cosmic Corkscrew" on 19 June, and submitted the story in person to Astounding editor John W. Campbell two days later. Campbell rejected "Cosmic Corkscrew", but encouraged Asimov to keep trying, and Asimov did so. Asimov sold his third story, "Marooned Off Vesta", to Amazing Stories magazine in October, and it appeared in the March 1939 issue. He continued writing and sometimes selling stories to the science fiction pulps. This article is about inexpensive fiction magazines. ... Science fiction fandom or SF fandom is the community of people actively interested in science fiction and fantasy literature, and in contact with one another based upon that interest. ... The Futurians were an influential group of science fiction fans, editors and writers. ... Astounding Stories was a seminal science fiction magazine founded in 1930. ... The cover of , volume 1, with a picture of Campbell drawn by Frank Kelly Freas John Wood Campbell, Jr. ... Marooned Off Vesta was a short story by Isaac Asimov, originally collected in The Best of Isaac Asimov. ... Amazing Stories magazine, sometimes retitled Amazing Science Fiction, began in April 1926, becoming the first science fiction magazine and one of the pioneers of science fiction in the United States. ...


In 1941, he published his 32nd story, "Nightfall", which has been described as one of "the most famous science-fiction stories of all time".[9] In 1968 the Science Fiction Writers of America voted "Nightfall" the best science fiction short story ever written.[10] In his short story collection Nightfall and Other Stories he wrote, "The writing of 'Nightfall' was a watershed in my professional career ... I was suddenly taken seriously and the world of science fiction became aware that I existed. As the years passed, in fact, it became evident that I had written a 'classic'". Nightfall (1990), a novel which Robert Silverberg produced by expanding and updating Asimovs original story. ... Nightfall and Other Stories is a book of short stories by Isaac Asimov. ...


"Nightfall" is an archetypical example of social science fiction, a term coined by Asimov to describe a new trend in the 1940s, led by authors including Asimov and Heinlein, away from gadgets and space opera and toward speculation about the human condition. Social science fiction is a term used to describe a subgenre of science fiction concerned less with gadgets and space opera and more with speculation about human society. ... Robert Anson Heinlein (July 7, 1907 – May 8, 1988) was one of the most popular, influential, and controversial authors of hard science fiction. ... For other uses, see Gadget (disambiguation). ... Classic pulp space opera cover, with the usual cliché elements. ... For other uses, see Human condition (disambiguation). ...


By 1941 Asimov began selling regularly to Astounding, which was then the field's leading magazine. From 1943 to 1949, all of his published science fiction appeared in Astounding.


In 1942 he published the first of his Foundation stories—later collected in the Foundation Trilogy: Foundation (1951), Foundation and Empire (1952), and Second Foundation (1953)—which recount the collapse and rebirth of a vast interstellar empire in a universe of the future. Taken together, they are his most famous work of science fiction, along with the Robot Series. Many years later, he continued the series with Foundation's Edge (1982) and Foundation and Earth (1986), and then went back to before the original trilogy with Prelude to Foundation (1988) and Forward the Foundation (1992). The series features his fictional science of Psychohistory in which the future course of the history of large populations can be predicted. Hari Seldons holographic image, pictured on a paperback edition of Foundation, appears at various times in the First Foundations history, to guide it through the social and economic crises that befall it. ... Foundation is the first book in Isaac Asimovs Foundation Trilogy (later expanded into The Foundation Series). ... Foundation and Empire is a novel written by Isaac Asimov in 1952. ... Second Foundation Second Foundation is the third novel of the Foundation series written in 1970. ... The Emblem of the Galactic Empire. ... Isaac Asimovs Robot Series is a series of books by Isaac Asimov, both collections of short stories and novels. ... Foundations Edge Foundations Edge is a novel by Isaac Asimov, the fourth book in the Foundation Series. ... Foundation and Earth Foundation and Earth (1986) is a science fiction novel by Isaac Asimov, the fifth novel of the Foundation Series and chronologically the last in the series. ... Prelude to Foundation Prelude to Foundation is a novel written by Isaac Asimov. ... Forward the Foundation Forward the Foundation is a novel written by Isaac Asimov. ... Psychohistory is the name of a fictional science, which combined history, sociology, and mathematical statistics, in Isaac Asimovs Foundation universe, to create a (nearly) exact science of the actions of very large groups of people, such as the Galactic Empire. ...


His positronic robot stories—many of which were collected in I, Robot (1950)—were begun at about the same time. They promulgated a set of rules of ethics for robots (see Three Laws of Robotics) and intelligent machines that greatly influenced other writers and thinkers in their treatment of the subject. One such short story, "The Bicentennial Man", was made into a film starring Robin Williams. A positronic brain is a fictional technological device, originally conceived by science fiction writer Isaac Asimov. ... I, Robot is a collection of nine English language science fiction short stories by Isaac Asimov, first published by Gnome Press in 1950 in an edition of 5,000 copies. ... For other uses, see Ethics (disambiguation). ... This cover of I, Robot illustrates the story Runaround, the first to list all Three Laws of Robotics. ... The Bicentennial Man is a novella in the Robot Series by Isaac Asimov. ... This article is about motion pictures. ... For other persons named Robin Williams, see Robin Williams (disambiguation). ...


The 2004 film I, Robot, starring Will Smith, was based on a script by Jeff Vintar entitled Hardwired, with Asimov's ideas incorporated later after acquiring the rights to the I, Robot title.[11] It is not related to the I, Robot script by Harlan Ellison, who collaborated with Asimov himself to create a version that captured the spirit of the original. Asimov is quoted as saying that Ellison's screenplay would lead to "the first really adult, complex, worthwhile science fiction movie ever made". The screenplay was published in book form in 1994, after hopes of seeing it in film form were becoming slim. I, Robot is a science fiction film released on July 16, 2004, loosely based on Isaac Asimovs Robot Series. ... “W. S.” redirects here. ... Jeff Vintar (1964 in Oak Park, Illinois) is an American screenwriter. ... Harlan Jay Ellison (born May 27, 1934) is a prolific American writer of short stories, novellas, teleplays, essays, and criticism. ...


Besides movies, his Foundation and Robot stories have inspired other derivative works of science fiction literature, many by well-known and established authors such as Roger MacBride Allen, Greg Bear, Gregory Benford and David Brin. These appear to have been done with the blessing, and often at the request of, Asimov's widow Janet Asimov. This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Isaac Asimovs Robot Series is a series of books by Isaac Asimov, both collections of short stories and novels. ... Roger MacBride Allen (born September 26, 1957) is a US science fiction author. ... Gregory Dale Bear (born August 20, 1951) is a science fiction author. ... Gregory Benford (born January 30, 1941 in Mobile, Alabama) is an American science fiction author and physicist who is on the faculty of the Department of Physics and Astronomy at the University of California, Irvine. ... Glen David Brin, Ph. ... Janet Asimov (maiden name Janet Opal Jeppson) (born 1926 in Ashland, Pennsylvania) is an American science fiction author and psychoanalyst. ...


In 1948 he also wrote a spoof science article, "The Endochronic Properties of Resublimated Thiotimoline". At the time, Asimov was preparing for his own doctoral dissertation. Fearing a prejudicial reaction from his Ph.D. evaluation board, he asked his editor that it be released under a pseudonym, yet it appeared under his own name. During his oral examination shortly thereafter, Asimov grew concerned at the scrutiny he received. At the end of the examination, one evaluator turned to him, smiling, and said "Mr. Asimov, tell us something about the thermodynamic properties of the compound thiotimoline". After a 20-minute wait, he was summoned back into the Examination Room and congratulated as "Dr. Asimov." A false document is a form of verisimilitude that attempts to create in the reader (viewer, audience, etc. ... Thiotimoline is a fictitious chemical compound conceived by science fiction author Isaac Asimov and described in a spoof scientific paper entitled The Endochronic Properties of Resublimated Thiotimoline in 1948. ... This article is about the thesis in dialectics and academia. ... For other uses, see Alias. ...


In 1949, book publisher Doubleday's science fiction editor Walter I. Bradbury accepted Asimov's unpublished novel "Grow Old Along With Me" for publication, and it appeared under the Doubleday imprint in January 1950 as Pebble in the Sky. Doubleday went on to publish four more original science fiction novels by Asimov in the 1950s, along with the six juvenile Lucky Starr novels under the pseudonym Paul French. Doubleday also published collections of Asimov's short stories, beginning with The Martian Way and Other Stories in 1955. The early 1950s also saw Gnome Press publish Asimov's positronic robot stories as I, Robot and his Foundation stories as the three books of the Foundation Trilogy. It has been suggested that The Crime Club be merged into this article or section. ... Pebble in the Sky - science fiction novel by Isaac Asimov, published in 1950. ... Lucky Starr is the hero of a series of books by Isaac Asimov, using the pen name Paul French. Intended for juveniles, the books were written in the middle of the Cold War and the series shows traces of this, both in educational intent and in the nature of the... The Martian Way and Other Stories is a collection of four science fiction novellas previously published by Isaac Asimov in 1952 and 1954. ... Gnome Press was a US small-press publishing company primarily known for being the first to publish Isaac Asimovs Foundation Trilogy, and for bringing Robert E. Howards Conan the Barbarian stories back from pulp obscurity. ... I, Robot is a collection of nine English language science fiction short stories by Isaac Asimov, first published by Gnome Press in 1950 in an edition of 5,000 copies. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Hari Seldons holographic image, pictured on a paperback edition of Foundation, appears at various times in the First Foundations history, to guide it through the social and economic crises that befall it. ...


When new science fiction magazines, notably Galaxy Magazine and The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction, appeared in the 1950s, Asimov began publishing short stories in them as well. He would later refer to the 1950s as his "golden decade". A number of these stories are included in his Best of anthology, including "The Last Question" (1956), on the ability of humankind to cope with and potentially reverse the process of entropy. It was his personal favorite and considered by many to be equal to "Nightfall". Asimov wrote of it in 1973: Galaxy Science Fiction magazine was the creation of noted pulp magazine editor Horace Leonard Gold, generally known as H. L. Gold. ... F&SF April 1971, special Poul Anderson issue. ... The Best of Isaac Asimov, published in 1973, is a collection of 12 short stories by Isaac Asimov, chosen by Asimov himself. ... The Last Question is a science fiction short story by Isaac Asimov. ... For other uses, see: information entropy (in information theory) and entropy (disambiguation). ...

Why is it my favorite? For one thing I got the idea all at once and didn't have to fiddle with it; and I wrote it in white-heat and scarcely had to change a word. This sort of thing endears any story to any writer.


Then, too, it has had the strangest effect on my readers. Frequently someone writes to ask me if I can give them the name of a story, which they think I may have written, and tell them where to find it. They don't remember the title but when they describe the story it is invariably "The Last Question". This has reached the point where I recently received a long-distance phone call from a desperate man who began, "Dr. Asimov, there's a story I think you wrote, whose title I can't remember—" at which point I interrupted to tell him it was "The Last Question" and when I described the plot it proved to be indeed the story he was after. I left him convinced I could read minds at a distance of a thousand miles.

In December 1974, the former Beatle Paul McCartney approached Asimov and asked him if he could write the screenplay for a science-fiction movie musical. McCartney had a vague idea for the plot and a small scrap of dialogue; he wished to make a film about a rock band whose members discover they are being impersonated by a group of extraterrestrials. The band and their impostors would likely be played by McCartney's group Wings, then at the height of their career. Intrigued by the idea, although he was not generally a fan of rock music, Asimov quickly produced a "treatment" or brief outline of the story. He adhered to McCartney's overall idea, producing a story he felt to be moving and dramatic. However, he did not make use of McCartney's brief scrap of dialogue, and probably in consequence, McCartney rejected the story. The treatment now exists only in Boston University's archives. The Beatles appeared on The Ed Sullivan Show in 1964 as part of their first tour of the United States, promoting their first hit single there, I Want To Hold Your Hand. ... Sir James Paul McCartney, MBE (born 18 June 1942) is an Academy Award-winning English singer, songwriter and multi-instrumentalist who first gained worldwide fame as one of the founding members of The Beatles. ... Wings was a rock music supergroup formed in August 1971, after the breakup of The Beatles, by ex-Beatle Paul McCartney. ... For other uses, see Rock music (disambiguation). ...


Beginning in 1977, he lent his name to Isaac Asimov's Science Fiction Magazine (now Asimov's Science Fiction) and penned an editorial for each issue. There was also a short-lived Asimov's SF Adventure Magazine and a companion Asimov's Science Fiction Anthology reprint series, published as magazines (in the same manner as stablemates Ellery Queen's Mystery Magazine and Alfred Hitchcock's Mystery Magazine's "anthologies"). Asimovs Science Fiction is a science fiction magazine, first published in 1977 as Isaac Asimovs Science Fiction Magazine or IASFM for short. ... Cover for an issue of Asimovs Science Fiction. ... Ellery Queens Mystery Magazine is a monthly digest size fiction magazine specializing in crime fiction, particularly detective fiction. ... Alfred Hitchcocks Mystery Magazine is a monthly fiction digest magazine specializing in crime and detective fiction. ...


Popular science

During the late 1950s and 1960s, Asimov shifted gears somewhat, and substantially decreased his fiction output (he published only four adult novels between 1957's The Naked Sun and 1982's Foundation's Edge, two of which were mysteries). At the same time, he greatly increased his non-fiction production, writing mostly on science topics; the launch of Sputnik in 1957 engendered public concern over a "science gap", which Asimov's publishers were eager to fill with as much material as he could write. The Naked Sun is the second novel in Isaac Asimovs Robot series. ... Foundations Edge Foundations Edge is a novel by Isaac Asimov, the fourth book in the Foundation Series. ... Sputnik 1 The Sputnik program was a series of unmanned space missions launched by the Soviet Union in the late 1950s to demonstrate the viability of artificial satellites. ...


Meanwhile, the monthly Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction invited him to continue his regular non-fiction column, begun in the now-folded bimonthly companion magazine Venture Science Fiction Magazine, ostensibly dedicated to popular science, but with Asimov having complete editorial freedom. The first of the F&SF columns appeared in November of 1958, and they followed uninterrupted thereafter, with 399 entries, until Asimov's terminal illness. These columns, periodically collected into books by his principal publisher, Doubleday, helped make Asimov's reputation as a "Great Explainer" of science, and were referred to by him as his only pop-science writing in which he never had to assume complete ignorance of the subjects at hand on the part of his readers. The popularity of his first wide-ranging reference work, The Intelligent Man's Guide to Science, also allowed him to give up most of his academic responsibilities and become essentially a full-time freelance writer. F&SF April 1971, special Poul Anderson issue. ... July 1958 issue of Venture; the last issue of the first version of the magazine. ... This article is not about the magazine, Popular Science Popular science is interpretation of science intended for a general audience, rather than for other scientists or students. ... Doubleday is one of the largest book publishing companies in the world. ... The Intelligent Mans Guide to Science was a book published in 1960, written by Isaac Asimov. ... A freelancer or (freelance worker) is a self-employed person working in a profession or trade in which full-time employment by a single employer is also common. ...


Asimov wrote several essays on the social contentions of his time, including "Thinking About Thinking" and "Science: Knock Plastic" (1967).


The great variety of information covered in Asimov's writings once prompted Kurt Vonnegut to ask, "How does it feel to know everything?" Asimov replied that he only knew how it felt to have the reputation of omniscience—"Uneasy". (See In Joy Still Felt, chapter 30.) In the introduction to his story collection Slow Learner, Thomas Pynchon admitted that he relied upon Asimov's science popularizations (and the Oxford English Dictionary) to provide his knowledge of entropy. Kurt Vonnegut, Jr. ... Slow Learner is the 1984 published collection of six early short stories by the American novelist Thomas Pynchon. ... Thomas Ruggles Pynchon, Jr. ... The Oxford English Dictionary print set The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) is a dictionary published by the Oxford University Press (OUP), and is the most successful dictionary of the English language, (not to be confused with the one-volume Oxford Dictionary of English, formerly New Oxford Dictionary of English, of... For other uses, see: information entropy (in information theory) and entropy (disambiguation). ...


It is a mark of the friendship and respect accorded Asimov by Arthur C. Clarke that the so-called "Asimov-Clarke Treaty of Park Avenue", put together as they shared a cab ride along Park Avenue in New York, stated that Asimov was required to insist that Clarke was the best science fiction writer in the world (reserving second best for himself), while Clarke was required to insist that Asimov was the best science writer in the world (reserving second best for himself).[12] Thus the dedication in Clarke's book Report on Planet Three (1972) reads: "In accordance with the terms of the Clarke-Asimov treaty, the second-best science writer dedicates this book to the second-best science-fiction writer." Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Arthur C. Clarke Sir Arthur Charles Clarke, CBE (born 16 December 1917) is a British science-fiction author and inventor, most famous for his novel 2001: A Space Odyssey, and for collaborating with director Stanley Kubrick on the film of the same... Park Avenue in the Upper East Side (2004) Park Avenue, looking north toward the Metlife building from the Union Square Area Park Avenue (formerly Fourth Avenue) is a wide boulevard that carries traffic north and south in Manhattan in New York City. ... This article is about the state. ...


Other writing

In addition to his interest in science, Asimov was also greatly interested in history. Starting in the 1960s, he wrote 14 popular history books, most notably The Greeks: A Great Adventure (1965), The Roman Republic (1966), The Roman Empire (1967), The Egyptians (1967) and The Near East: 10,000 Years of History (1968). This article refers to the state which existed from the 6th century BC to the 1st century BC. For alternate meanings, see Roman Republic (18th century) and Roman Republic (19th century). ... For other uses, see Roman Empire (disambiguation). ...


He published Asimov's Guide to the Bible in two volumes— covering the Old Testament in 1967 and the New Testament in 1969— and then combined them into one 1,300-page volume in 1981. Complete with maps and tables, the guide goes through the books of the Bible in order, explaining the history of each one and the political influences that affected it, as well as biographical information about the important characters. His interest in literature manifested itself in several annotations of literary works, including Asimov's Guide to Shakespeare (1970), Asimov's Annotated Paradise Lost (1974), and The Annotated Gulliver's Travels (1980). Asimovs Guide to the Bible, 1967 and 1969. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Note: Judaism... This article is about the Christian scriptures. ... This Gutenberg Bible is displayed by the United States Library. ... Asimovs Guide to Shakespeare, by Isaac Asimov, vols I and II (1970), ISBN 0-517-26825-6 Asimov gives a short guide to every Shakespeare play, and also the two epic poems. ...


Never entirely lacking wit and humor, towards the end of his life Asimov published a series of collections of limericks, mostly written by himself, starting with Lecherous Limericks, which appeared in 1975. Limericks: Too Gross, whose title displays Asimov's love of puns, contains 144 limericks by Asimov and an equal number by John Ciardi. He even created a slim volume of Sherlockian limericks (and embarrassed one fan by autographing her copy with an impromptu limerick that rhymed 'Nancy' with 'romancy'). Asimov's best attempt at Yiddish humor is found in Azazel, The Two Centimeter Demon in which the two characters, both Jewish, talk over dinner, or lunch, or breakfast, the anecdotes of "George" and his friend Azazel. Asimov's Treasury of Humor is both a working joke book and a treatise propounding his views on humor theory. According to Asimov, the most essential element of humor is an abrupt change in point of view, one that suddenly shifts focus from the important to the trivial, or from the sublime to the ridiculous. This article is about the poetic form. ... Lecherous Limericks is the first of Isaac Asimovs several compilations of dirty limericks, published in 1975. ... For other uses, see Pun (disambiguation). ... John Anthony Ciardi (June 24, 1916 - March 30, 1986) was an American poet, translator, and etymologist. ... A portrait of Sherlock Holmes by Sidney Paget from the Strand Magazine, 1891 Sherlock Holmes is a fictional detective of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, who first appeared in publication in 1887. ... Yiddish (ייִדיש, Jiddisch) is a Germanic language spoken by about four million Jews throughout the world. ... Azazel is fantasy short story collection by Isaac Asimov first published in 1988. ...


Particularly in his later years, Asimov to some extent cultivated an image of himself as an amiable lecher. In 1971, as a response to the popularity of sexual guidebooks such as The Sensuous Woman (by "J") and The Sensuous Man (by "M"), Asimov published The Sensuous Dirty Old Man under the byline "Dr. 'A'", but with his full name prominently displayed on the cover. Is a 1971 book by Joan Garrity under the pseudonym J. The book is a detailed instruction manual on sensuality for women. ...


Asimov published two volumes of autobiography: In Memory Yet Green (1979) and In Joy Still Felt (1980). A third autobiography, I. Asimov: A Memoir, was published in April 1994. The epilogue was written by his widow Janet Asimov a decade after his death. It's Been a Good Life (2002), edited by Janet, is a condensed version of his three autobiographies. He also published three volumes of retrospectives of his writing, Opus 100 (1969), Opus 200 (1979), and Opus 300 (1984). In Memory Yet Green is the first volume of Isaac Asimovs two volume autobiography. ... In Joy Still Felt is the second part of Isaac Asimovs biography, the first being In Memory Yet Green. ... Janet Asimov (maiden name Janet Opal Jeppson) (born 1926 in Ashland, Pennsylvania) is an American science fiction author and psychoanalyst. ... Its Been a Good Life Its Been a Good Life (2002) is a book by Janet Asimov. ... Opus 100 is Isaac Asimovs one hundredth book. ...


Asimov and Star Trek creator Gene Roddenberry developed a unique relationship during Star Trek's initial launch in the late 60s. Asimov wrote a critical essay on Star Trek's scientific accuracy for TV Guide magazine. Roddenberry retorted respectfully with a personal letter explaining the limitations of accuracy when writing a weekly series. Asimov corrected himself with a follow-up essay to TV Guide claiming despite its inaccuracies, that Star Trek was a fresh and intellectually challenging science fiction television show. The two remained friends to the point where Asimov even served as an advisor on a number of Star Trek projects. This article is about the entire Star Trek franchise. ... Eugene Wesley Roddenberry (August 19, 1921 – October 24, 1991) was an American scriptwriter and producer. ... TV Guide is the name of two North American weekly magazines about television programming, one in the United States and one in Canada. ...


Literary themes

Much of Asimov's fiction dealt with themes of paternalism. His first robot story, "Robbie", concerned a robotic nanny. "Lenny" deals with the capacity of robopsychologist Susan Calvin to feel maternal love towards a robot whose positronic brain capacities are those of a 3-year-old. As the robots grew more sophisticated, their interventions became more wide-reaching and subtle. In "Evidence", the story revolves around a candidate who successfully runs for office who may be a robot masquerading as a human. In "The Evitable Conflict", the robots run humanity from behind the scenes, acting as nannies to the whole species. Image of traditional cultural paternalism: Father Junipero Serra in a modern portrayal at Mission San Juan Capistrano, California Paternalism refers usually to an attitude or a policy stemming from the hierarchic pattern of a family based on patriarchy, that is, there is a figurehead (the father, pater in Latin) that... Robbie (1940) is a science fiction short story by Isaac Asimov. ... A nanny is a person who looks after the child or children of one family in their -- the childs -- home. ... Robopsychology is the fictional study of the personalities of artificially intelligent machines. ... Mother with her child (Sculpture) A mother is typically the biological or social female parent of a child or offspring while the male parent is the father. ... Evidence (1946) is science-fiction short story by Isaac Asimov. ... The Evitable Conflict (1950) is a science-fiction short story by Isaac Asimov. ...


Later, in The Robots of Dawn and Robots and Empire, a robot develops what he calls the Zeroth Law of Robotics, which states that: "A robot may not injure humanity, nor, through inaction, allow humanity to come to harm". He also decides that robotic presence is stifling humanity's freedom, and that the best course of action is for the robots to phase themselves out. A non-robot, time travel novel, The End of Eternity, features a similar conflict and resolution. The significance of the Zeroth Law is that it outweighs and supersedes all other Laws of Robotics: if a robot finds himself in a situation whereby he must murder one or more humans (a direct violation of the First Law of Robotics) in order to protect all of humanity (and preserve the Zeroth Law), then the robot's positronic programming will require him to commit murder for humanity's sake. Only highly advanced robots (such as Daneel and Giskard) could comprehend this law. The Robots of Dawn is a whodunit science fiction novel by Isaac Asimov, first published in 1983. ... Robots and Empire is a 1985 science fiction novel written by Isaac Asimov. ... The Zeroth Law of Robotics was first formally laid out in Isaac Asimovs Robots and Empire (ISBN 0586062009) as an extension of his Three Laws of Robotics. ... Time travel is a concept that has long fascinated humanity—whether it is Merlin experiencing time backwards, or religious traditions like Mohammeds trip to Jerusalem and ascent to heaven, returning before a glass knocked over had spilt its contents. ... The End of Eternity by Isaac Asimov is a science fiction novel, with mystery and thriller elements, on the subjects of time travel and social engineering. ... This cover of I, Robot illustrates the story Runaround, the first to list all Three Laws of Robotics. ...


In The Foundation Series (which did not originally have robots), a scientist implements a semi-secret plan to create a new galactic empire over the course of 1,000 years. This series has its version of Platonic guardians, called the Second Foundation, to perfect and protect the plan. When Asimov stopped writing the series in the 1950s, the Second Foundation was depicted as benign protectors of humanity. When he revisited the series in the 1980s, he made the paternalistic themes even more explicit. This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Galaxy (disambiguation). ... The Republic is an influential dialogue by Plato, written in the first half of the 4th century BC. This Socratic dialogue mainly is about political philosophy and ethics. ...


Foundation's Edge introduced the planet Gaia, obviously based on the Gaia hypothesis. Every animal, plant, and mineral on Gaia participated in a shared consciousness, forming a single super-mind working together for the greater good. In Foundation and Earth, the protagonist starts searching for the Earth, thinking that there he could find the answer of why he decided, in Foundation's Edge, that Galaxia was the right choice to take. Gaia is one of Asimov's best attempts at exploring the possibility of a collective awareness, and is compounded further in Nemesis, in which the planet Erythro composed primarily of prokaryotic life has a mind of its own and seeks communion with human beings. Foundations Edge Foundations Edge is a novel by Isaac Asimov, the fourth book in the Foundation Series. ... Gaia is a fictional planet described in the book Foundations Edge, by Isaac Asimov. ... For other uses, see Gaia. ... This article is about Earth as a planet. ... According to Isaac Asimovs Foundation and Earth, Galaxia is (or will be) a living organism which contains all the lifeforms and rocks and other materials in the galaxy. ... Gaia is a fictional planet described in the book Foundations Edge, by Isaac Asimov. ... Nemesis is a science fiction novel by Isaac Asimov. ... Prokaryotes are unicellular (in rare cases, multicellular) organisms without a nucleus. ...


Foundation and Earth introduces robots to the Foundation universe. Two of Asimov's last novels, Prelude to Foundation and Forward the Foundation, explore their behavior in fuller detail. The robots are depicted as covert operatives, acting for the benefit of humanity. Foundation and Earth Foundation and Earth (1986) is a science fiction novel by Isaac Asimov, the fifth novel of the Foundation Series and chronologically the last in the series. ... Prelude to Foundation Prelude to Foundation is a novel written by Isaac Asimov. ... Forward the Foundation Forward the Foundation is a novel written by Isaac Asimov. ... Spy and secret agent redirect here; for alternate use, see Spy (disambiguation) and Secret agent (disambiguation). ...


Another frequent theme, perhaps the reverse of paternalism, is social oppression. The Currents of Space takes place on a planet where a unique plant fiber is grown; the agricultural workers there are exploited by the aristocrats of a nearby planet. In The Stars, Like Dust, the hero helps a planet that is oppressed by an arrogant interplanetary empire, the Tyranni. The Currents of Space is a 1952 novel by science fiction author Isaac Asimov. ... The Stars, Like Dust is a book by science fiction writer Isaac Asimov. ...


Often the victims of oppression are either Earth people (as opposed to colonists on other planets) or robots. In "The Bicentennial Man", a robot fights prejudice to be accepted as a human. In The Caves of Steel, the people of Earth resent the wealthier "Spacers" and in turn treat robots (associated with the Spacers) in ways reminiscent of how whites treated blacks, such as addressing robots as "boy". Pebble in the Sky shows an analogous situation: the Galactic Empire rules Earth and its people use such terms as "Earthie-squaw", but Earth is a theocratic dictatorship that enforces euthanasia of anyone older than 60. One hero is Bel Arvardan, an upper-class Galactic archaeologist who must overcome his prejudices. The other is Joseph Schwartz, a 62-year-old 20th century American who had emigrated from Europe, where his people were persecuted (he is quite possibly Jewish), and is accidentally transported forward in time to Arvardan's period. He must decide whether to help a downtrodden society that thinks he should be dead. The Caves of Steel is a book by Isaac Asimov. ... Pebble in the Sky - science fiction novel by Isaac Asimov, published in 1950. ... Squaw (from Pidgin Massachusett (a Pidginized version of a language belonging to the Algonquian family) squa, meaning young woman) is an English loan-word whose present meaning is (an) American Indian woman, regardless of tribe, and often with a derisive connotation. ... For mercy killings not performed on humans, see Animal euthanasia. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Jew (disambiguation). ...


Yet another frequent theme in Asimov is rational thought. He invented the science-fiction mystery with the novel The Caves of Steel and the stories in Asimov's Mysteries, usually playing fair with the reader by introducing early in the story any science or technology involved in the solution. Later, he produced non-SF mysteries, including the novel Murder at the ABA (1976) and the "Black Widowers" and "Union Club" short stories, in which he followed the same rule. In his fiction, important scenes are often essentially debates, with the more rational, humane—or persuasive—side winning. Logic, from Classical Greek λόγος (logos), originally meaning the word, or what is spoken, (but coming to mean thought or reason) is most often said to be the study of criteria for the evaluation of arguments, although the exact definition of logic is a matter of controversy among philosophers. ... Mystery fiction is a distinct subgenre of detective fiction that entails the occurrence of an unknown event which requires the protagonist to make known (or solve). ... Asimovs Mysteries, published in 1968, is a collection of 14 short stories by Isaac Asimov, all of them science fiction mysteries (although, as Asimov admits in the introduction, some are only borderline). ... Murder at the ABA (1976) is a mystery novel by Isaac Asimov, following the adventures of a writer and amateur detective named Darius Just (whom Asimov modeled on his friend Harlan Ellison). ... Starting in 1971, Isaac Asimov wrote a series of mystery short stories about a men-only dinner club called the Black Widowers. ...


Awards

  • 1957 Thomas Alva Edison Foundation Award, for Building Blocks of the Universe
  • 1960 Howard W. Blakeslee Award from the American Heart Association for The Living River
  • 1962 Boston University's Publication Merit Award
  • 1963 special Hugo Award for "adding science to science fiction" for essays published in the Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction
  • 1965 James T. Grady Award of the American Chemical Society (now called the James T. Grady-James H. Stack Award for Interpreting Chemistry)
  • 1966 Best All-time Novel Series Hugo Award for the Foundation series
  • 1967 Westinghouse Science Writing Award
  • 1973 Hugo Award
  • 1973 Nebula Award for Best Novel for The Gods Themselves
  • 1977 Hugo Award
  • 1977 Nebula Award for Best Novelette for The Bicentennial Man
  • In 1981 an asteroid, 5020 Asimov, was named in his honor
  • 1987 Nebula Grandmaster award, a lifetime achievement award
  • 1983 Hugo Award for Best Novel for Foundation's Edge
  • 1992 Hugo Award for Best Novelette for Gold
  • 1995 Hugo Award for Best Nonfiction for I. Asimov: A Memoir
  • 1996 -- A 1946 Retro-Hugo for Best Novel of 1945 was given at the 1996 WorldCon to The Mule, the 7th Foundation story published in Astounding Science Fiction
  • 14 honorary doctorate degrees from various universities
  • 1997 posthumous induction into the Science Fiction and Fantasy Hall of Fame

Thomas Alva Edison (February 11, 1847 - October 18, 1931) was an inventor and businessman who developed many important devices. ... The American Heart Association (AHA) is a non-profit organization in the United States that fosters appropriate cardiac care in an effort to reduce disability and deaths caused by cardiovascular disease and stroke American Stroke Association Web site. ... For the similarly named institution in Chestnut Hill, see Boston College. ... The 2005 Hugo Award with base designed by Deb Kosiba. ... F&SF April 1971, special Poul Anderson issue. ... The American Chemical Society (ACS) is a learned society (professional association) based in the United States that supports scientific inquiry in the field of chemistry. ... The James T. Grady-James H. Stack Award for Interpreting Chemistry for the Public is awarded on a yearly basis by the American Chemical Society. ... The Westinghouse Electric Corporation was an organization founded by George Westinghouse in 1886 as Westinghouse Electric & Manufacturing Company. ... 5020 Asimov is an asteroid discovered March 2, 1981 by Schelte J. Bus. ... An Honorary degree (Latin: honoris causa ad gradum) is a degree awarded to someone by an institution that he or she may have never attended, it may be a bachelors, masters or doctorate degree - however, the latter is most common. ...

Criticisms

One of the most common impressions of Asimov's fiction work is that his writing style is extremely unornamental. In 1980, science fiction scholar James Gunn, professor emeritus of English at the University of Kansas wrote of I, Robot:[13] James Edwin Gunn (born 1923 in Kansas City, Missouri) is an American Science Fiction author, editor, scholar, and anthologist. ... Emeritus (IPA pronunciation: or ) is an adjective that is used in the title of a retired professor, bishop or other professional. ... English studies is an academic discipline that includes the study of literatures written in the English language (including literatures from the U.K., U.S., Ireland, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Hong Kong, the Philippines, India, South Africa, and the Middle East, among other areas), English linguistics (including English phonetics, phonology... The University of Kansas (often referred to as KU or just Kansas) is an institution of higher learning in Lawrence, Kansas. ...

Except for two stories—"Liar!" and "Evidence"—they are not stories in which character plays a significant part. Virtually all plot develops in conversation with little if any action. Nor is there a great deal of local color or description of any kind. The dialogue is, at best, functional and the style is, at best, transparent.... The robot stories—and, as a matter of fact, almost all Asimov fiction—play themselves on a relatively bare stage.

Gunn observes that there are places where Asimov's style rises to the demands of the situation; he cites the climax of "Liar!" as an example. Sharply drawn characters occur at key junctures of his storylines: In addition to Susan Calvin in "Liar!" and "Evidence", we find Arkady Darell in Second Foundation, Elijah Baley in The Caves of Steel and Hari Seldon in the Foundation prequels. Liar! (1941) is science-fiction short story by Isaac Asimov. ... Evidence (1946) is science-fiction short story by Isaac Asimov. ... Dr. Susan Calvin, from a cover to I, Robot. ... Arkady Darell from the cover of Second Foundation. ... Second Foundation Second Foundation is the third novel of the Foundation series written in 1970. ... Elijah Baley from the cover of The Caves of Steel. ... The Caves of Steel is a book by Isaac Asimov. ... Hari Seldon (cover art for Foundation, by Stephen Youll) Hari Seldon is the intellectual hero of Isaac Asimovs Foundation Series. ...


Asimov was also criticised for the lack of sex and aliens in his science fiction. Asimov once explained that his reluctance to write about aliens came from an incident early in his career when Astounding's editor John Campbell rejected one of his early science fiction stories because the alien characters were portrayed as superior to the humans. He decided that, rather than write weak alien characters, he would not write about aliens at all. Nevertheless, in response to these criticisms he wrote The Gods Themselves, which contains aliens, sex, and alien sex. Asimov said that of all his writings, he was most proud of the middle section of The Gods Themselves[citation needed]. The cover of , volume 1, with a picture of Campbell drawn by Frank Kelly Freas John Wood Campbell, Jr. ... The Gods Themselves is a 1972 science fiction novel written by Isaac Asimov (ISBN 1061500534). ...


In the Hugo Award-winning novella, "Gold", Asimov describes an author clearly based on himself who has one of his books (The Gods Themselves) adapted into a "compu-drama", essentially photo-realistic computer animation. The director criticizes the fictionalized Asimov ("Gregory Laborian") for having an extremely nonvisual style making it difficult to adapt his work, and the author explains that he relies on ideas and dialogue rather than description to get his points across. The 2005 Hugo Award with base designed by Deb Kosiba. ... Gold was a short story by Isaac Asimov, originally collected in the eponymous volume Gold. ... The Gods Themselves is a 1972 science fiction novel written by Isaac Asimov (ISBN 1061500534). ... ... Computer animation is the art of creating moving images via the use of computers. ...


Others have criticised him for a lack of strong female characters in his early work. In his autobiographical writings he acknowledges this, and responds by pointing to inexperience. His later novels, written with more female characters but in essentially the same prose style as his early SF stories, brought this matter to a wider audience. For example, the 25 August 1985 Washington Post's "Book World" section reports of Robots and Empire as follows:

In 1940, Asimov's humans were stripped-down masculine portraits of Americans from 1940, and they still are. His robots were tin cans with speedlines like an old Studebaker, and still are; the Robot tales depended on an increasingly unworkable distinction between movable and unmovable artificial intelligences, and still do. In the Asimov universe, because it was conceived a long time ago, and because its author abhors confusion, there are no computers whose impact is worth noting, no social complexities, no genetic engineering, aliens, arcologies, multiverses, clones, sin or sex; his heroes (in this case R. Daneel Olivaw, whom we first met as the robot protagonist of The Caves of Steel and its sequels) feel no pressure of information, raw or cooked, as the simplest of us do today; they suffer no deformation from the winds of the Asimov future, because it is so deeply and strikingly orderly.

This is perhaps slightly overstating the issue given that, for example, The Naked Sun (1957) deals with social issues as a core part of its central setting and motivation, depicts genetic engineering in the guise of eugenics as a fundamental part of that society, presents the reader with inverted arcologies where a single person is the focal point of the artificial environment as well as a hero who hails from a "normal" arcology on earth. Meanwhile, totally artificial birth, although not specifically cloning, is the aim of the leaders of the society, sexual want is the major driving force of the main female character (albeit veiled in 1950s sensibilities), and the entire story is used to make the point that too much order is ultimately a stagnant dead end to be avoided. Studebaker Corporation, or simply Studebaker, was a United States wagon and automobile manufacturer based in South Bend, Indiana. ... AI redirects here. ... Kenyans examining insect-resistant transgenic Bt corn. ... Arcology is a term invented by architect Paolo Soleri, and is a portmanteau of architecture and ecology. ... Look up multiverse in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Molecular cloning refers to the procedure of isolating a defined DNA sequence and obtaining multiple copies of it in vivo. ... R. Daneel Olivaw is a fictional robot created by Isaac Asimov. ... List of major social issues overpopulation teenage pregnancy drug abuse gun control education issue singlemother increase in divorce rate increase in HI rate ... Eugenics is the self-direction of human evolution: Logo from the Second International Eugenics Conference [7], 1921, depicting it as a tree which unites a variety of different fields. ... The Try2004 Hyperstructure or Megacity as featured on the Discovery Channels Extreme Engineering programs. ...


Be that as it may, a considerable portion of such criticism boils down to the charge that Asimov's works are simply dated. More precisely, some details of Asimov's imaginary future technology as he described in the 1940s and 1950s have not aged well. He, for example, described powerful robots and computers from the distant future as still using punch cards or punched tape and engineers using slide rules. In one dramatic scene in Foundation and Empire, a character gets the news by buying a paper at a vending machine. Punched cards (or Hollerith cards, or IBM cards), are pieces of stiff paper that contain digital information represented by the presence or absence of holes in predefined positions. ... A roll of punched tape Punched tape is an old-fashioned form of data storage, consisting of a long strip of paper in which holes are punched to store data. ... A typical 10 inch student slide rule (Pickett N902-T simplex trig). ... Foundation and Empire is a novel written by Isaac Asimov in 1952. ... A typical U.S. snack vending machine A vending machine is a machine that provides various snacks, beverages and other products to consumers. ...


In addition, his stories also have occasional internal contradictions: names and dates given in The Foundation Series do not always agree with one another, for example. Some such errors may plausibly be due to mistakes the characters make, since characters in Asimov stories are seldom fully informed about their own situations. Other contradictions resulted from the many years elapsed between the time Asimov began the Foundation series and when he resumed work on it; occasionally, advances in scientific knowledge forced him to revise his own fictional history. This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


Other than books by Gunn and Patrouch, there is a relative dearth of "literary" criticism on Asimov (particularly when compared to the sheer volume of his output). Cowart and Wymer's Dictionary of Literary Biography (1981) gives a possible reason:

His words do not easily lend themselves to traditional literary criticism because he has the habit of centering his fiction on plot and clearly stating to his reader, in rather direct terms, what is happening in his stories and why it is happening. In fact, most of the dialogue in an Asimov story, and particularly in the Foundation trilogy, is devoted to such exposition. Stories that clearly state what they mean in unambiguous language are the most difficult for a scholar to deal with because there is little to be interpreted.

In fairness, Gunn's and Patrouch's respective studies of Asimov both take the stand that a clear, direct prose style is still a style. Gunn's 1982 book goes into considerable depth commenting upon each of Asimov's novels published to that date. He does not praise all of Asimov's fiction (nor does Patrouch), but he does call some passages in The Caves of Steel "reminiscent of Proust". When discussing how that novel depicts night falling over futuristic New York City, Gunn says that Asimov's prose "need not be ashamed anywhere in literary society". Literary criticism is the study, discussion, evaluation, and interpretation of literature. ... The Caves of Steel is a book by Isaac Asimov. ... “Proust” redirects here. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ...


Although he prided himself on his unornamented prose style (for which he credited Clifford Simak as an early influence), Asimov also enjoyed giving his longer stories complicated narrative structures, often by arranging chapters in non-chronological ways. Some readers have been put off by this, complaining that the nonlinearity is not worth the trouble and adversely affects the clarity of the story. For example, the first third of The Gods Themselves begins with Chapter 6, then backtracks to fill in earlier material.[14] (John Campbell advised Asimov to begin his stories as late in the plot as possible. This advice helped Asimov create "Reason," one of the early Robot stories. See In Memory Yet Green for details of that time period.) Patrouch found that the interwoven and nested flashbacks of The Currents of Space did serious harm to that novel, to such an extent that only a "dyed-in-the-kyrt Asimov fan" could enjoy it. Asimov's tendency to contort his timelines is perhaps most apparent in his later novel Nemesis, in which one group of characters live in the "present" and another group starts in the "past", beginning fifteen years earlier and gradually moving toward the time period of the first group. Clifford Donald Simak (August 3, 1904 _ April 25, 1988) was an American science fiction author. ... Narrative structure is generally described as the structural framework that underlies the order and manner in which a narrative is presented to a reader, listener, or viewer. ... For the novel by Michael Crichton, see Timeline (novel). ... In the arts, the word nonlinear is used to describe events portrayed in a non-chronological manner. ... Reason (1942) is science-fiction short story by Isaac Asimov. ... The Currents of Space is a 1952 novel by science fiction author Isaac Asimov. ... Nemesis is a science fiction novel by Isaac Asimov. ...


In 2002, Donald Palumbo, an English professor at East Carolina University, published Chaos Theory, Asimov's Foundations and Robots, and Herbert’s Dune: The Fractal Aesthetic of Epic Science Fiction. This includes a review of Asimov's narrative structures that compares them with the scientific concepts of fractals and chaos. Palumbo finds that though the traditional interests of literature (such as symbolism and characterization) are often somewhat lacking or even absent, a fascination with the Foundation and Robot metaseries remains. He determines that the purposeful complexities of the narrative build unusual symmetric and recursive structures to be perceived by the mind's eye. This volume contains some of the most scholarly and in-depth criticism of Asimov to date. Donald E. Palumbo is Professor of English at East Carolina University. ... East Carolina University is a public, coeducational, intensive research university located in Greenville, North Carolina, United States. ... The boundary of the Mandelbrot set is a famous example of a fractal. ... A fractal is a geometric object which can be divided into parts, each of which is similar to the original object. ... For other uses, see Chaos (disambiguation). ... Characterization is the process of conveying information about characters in fiction or conversation. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Isaac Asimovs Robot Series is a series of books by Isaac Asimov, both collections of short stories and novels. ... A metaseries includes series of stories which include references to each other and some overall similar chronological or cast backdrop, but are not similar enough to be considered direct sequels. ... This article is about the concept of recursion. ...


John Jenkins, who has reviewed the vast majority of Asimov's written output, once observed:[15]

It has been pointed out that most science fiction writers since the 1950s have been affected by Asimov, either modeling their style on his or deliberately avoiding anything like his style.

Selected bibliography

In addition, see Isaac Asimov complete bibliography. For Asimov's suggested reading order, see the Foundation Series list of books. If all titles, charts, and edited collections are counted, there are currently 515 items in his complete bibliography. Asimov could have written an Opus 400, which would have been a celebration of his 400th title; the bibliography lists only up to his commemorative Opus 300. He wrote books in every category of the Dewey Decimal Classification except for Philosophy. This is believed to be a complete bibliography of the work of Isaac Asimov that is arranged alphabetically. ... Hari Seldons holographic image, pictured on a paperback edition of Foundation, appears at various times in the First Foundations history, to guide it through the social and economic crises that befall it. ... The Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC, also called the Dewey Decimal System) is a proprietary system of library classification developed by Melvil Dewey in 1876, and has since then been greatly modified and expanded through twenty-two major revisions, the most recent in 2004. ... For other uses, see Philosophy (disambiguation). ...


Science fiction

Fantastic Voyage series

This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Fantastic Voyage II: Destination Brain is a 1987 science fiction novel by Isaac Asimov about a group of scientists that shrink down to microscopic size in order to operate on a brain tumor. ...

"Greater Foundation" series

The Robot series was originally separate from the Foundation series. The Galactic Empire novels were originally published as independent stories. Later in life, Asimov synthesized them into a single coherent 'history' that appeared in the extension of the Foundation series.

Main article: Foundation series

Hari Seldons holographic image, pictured on a paperback edition of Foundation, appears at various times in the First Foundations history, to guide it through the social and economic crises that befall it. ... Isaac Asimovs Robot Series is a series of books by Isaac Asimov, both collections of short stories and novels. ... The Galactic Empire Series contains Isaac Asimovs three earliest novels and one short story: The Stars, Like Dust (1951) The Currents of Space (1952) Pebble in the Sky (1950), his first novel Blind Alley (1945), short story reprinted in The Early Asimov They are only loosely connected. ... The Caves of Steel is a book by Isaac Asimov. ... Elijah Baley from the cover of The Caves of Steel. ... The Naked Sun is the second novel in Isaac Asimovs Robot series. ... The Robots of Dawn is a whodunit science fiction novel by Isaac Asimov, first published in 1983. ... Robots and Empire is a 1985 science fiction novel written by Isaac Asimov. ... Pebble in the Sky - science fiction novel by Isaac Asimov, published in 1950. ... The Stars, Like Dust is a book by science fiction writer Isaac Asimov. ... The Currents of Space is a 1952 novel by science fiction author Isaac Asimov. ... Foundation is the first book in Isaac Asimovs Foundation Trilogy (later expanded into The Foundation Series). ... Foundation and Empire is a novel written by Isaac Asimov in 1952. ... Second Foundation Second Foundation is the third novel of the Foundation series written in 1970. ... Foundations Edge Foundations Edge is a novel by Isaac Asimov, the fourth book in the Foundation Series. ... Foundation and Earth Foundation and Earth (1986) is a science fiction novel by Isaac Asimov, the fifth novel of the Foundation Series and chronologically the last in the series. ... Prelude to Foundation Prelude to Foundation is a novel written by Isaac Asimov. ... Forward the Foundation Forward the Foundation is a novel written by Isaac Asimov. ...

Lucky Starr series

Main article: Lucky Starr series

Lucky Starr is the hero of a series of books by Isaac Asimov, using the pen name Paul French. Intended for juveniles, the books were written in the middle of the Cold War and the series shows traces of this, both in educational intent and in the nature of the... David Starr, Space Ranger is the first in a series of juvenile science fiction novels Isaac Asimov wrote in the early 1950s. ... Lucky Starr is the hero of a series of books by Isaac Asimov, using the pen name Paul French. Intended for juveniles, the books were written in the middle of the cold war and the series shows traces of this, both in educational intent and in the nature of the... Lucky Starr is the hero of a series of books by Isaac Asimov, using the pen name Paul French. Intended for juveniles, the books were written in the middle of the cold war and the series shows traces of this, both in educational intent and in the nature of the... Lucky Starr is the hero of a series of books by Isaac Asimov, using the pen name Paul French. Intended for juveniles, the books were written in the middle of the cold war and the series shows traces of this, both in educational intent and in the nature of the... Lucky Starr is the hero of a series of books by Isaac Asimov, using the pen name Paul French. Intended for juveniles, the books were written in the middle of the cold war and the series shows traces of this, both in educational intent and in the nature of the... Lucky Starr is the hero of a series of books by Isaac Asimov, using the pen name Paul French. Intended for juveniles, the books were written in the middle of the cold war and the series shows traces of this, both in educational intent and in the nature of the...

Norby Chronicles

Main article: Norby
  • Norby, the Mixed-Up Robot (1983)
  • Norby's Other Secret (1984)
  • Norby and the Lost Princess (1985)
  • Norby and the Invaders (1985)
  • Norby and the Queen's Necklace (1986)
  • Norby Finds a Villain (1987)
  • Norby Down to Earth (1988)
  • Norby and Yobo's Great Adventure (1989)
  • Norby and the Oldest Dragon (1990)
  • Norby and the Court Jester (1991)

Norby is a fictional robot created by Isaac Asimov and Janet Asimov who stars in his own series of childrens science fiction books, The Norby Chronicles. ... Norby The Mixed-Up Robot is the first book in the Norby series by Isaac Asimov and Janet Asimov. ...

Novels not part of a series

Novels marked with an asterisk * have minor connections to the Foundation series.

The End of Eternity by Isaac Asimov is a science fiction novel, with mystery and thriller elements, on the subjects of time travel and social engineering. ... The Gods Themselves is a 1972 science fiction novel written by Isaac Asimov (ISBN 1061500534). ... Nemesis is a science fiction novel by Isaac Asimov. ... Nightfall (1990), a novel which Robert Silverberg produced by expanding and updating Asimovs original story. ... At the 63rd World Science Fiction Convention in Glasgow, August 2005 Robert Silverberg (January 15, 1935, Brooklyn, New York) is a prolific American author best known for writing science fiction, a multiple winner of both the Hugo and Nebula Awards. ... The Ugly Little Boy is a science fiction short story by Isaac Asimov. ... At the 63rd World Science Fiction Convention in Glasgow, August 2005 Robert Silverberg (January 15, 1935, Brooklyn, New York) is a prolific American author best known for writing science fiction, a multiple winner of both the Hugo and Nebula Awards. ... The Ugly Little Boy is a short story by Isaac Asimov. ... In the twenty-first century the creation of the positronic brain leads to the development of robot laborers and revolutionizes life on Earth. ... At the 63rd World Science Fiction Convention in Glasgow, August 2005 Robert Silverberg (January 15, 1935, Brooklyn, New York) is a prolific American author best known for writing science fiction, a multiple winner of both the Hugo and Nebula Awards. ...

Short story collections

See also List of short stories by Isaac Asimov This list of short stories by Isaac Asimov is divided into published collections. ...

I, Robot is a collection of nine English language science fiction short stories by Isaac Asimov, first published by Gnome Press in 1950 in an edition of 5,000 copies. ... The Martian Way and Other Stories is a collection of four science fiction novellas previously published by Isaac Asimov in 1952 and 1954. ... Earth Is Room Enough is a collection of short science fiction stories published by Isaac Asimov in 1957. ... Nine Tomorrows is a collection of nine short stories and two pieces of comic verse by Isaac Asimov. ... The Rest of the Robots (1964) is a collection of eight short stories and two full-length novels by Isaac Asimov. ... Through A Glass, Clearly (1967) is a collection of four short stories by Isaac Asimov. ... Nightfall and Other Stories is a book of short stories by Isaac Asimov. ... The Early Asimov is a 1972 collection of short stories by Isaac Asimov. ... The Best of Isaac Asimov, published in 1973, is a collection of 12 short stories by Isaac Asimov, chosen by Asimov himself. ... Buy Jupiter and Other Stories is a 1954 collection of short stories by Isaac Asimov. ... The Bicentennial Man and Other Stories is a science fiction anthology written and edited by Isaac Asimov (ISBN 0-385-12198-9). ... The Complete Robot is a collection of science fiction short stories by Isaac Asimov written between 1940 and 1976, which were previously collected in books I, Robot, The Rest of the Robots, and other anthologies. ... The Winds of Change and Other Stories is Isaac Asimovs twelfth collection of science fiction short stories, published in 1983 by Doubleday. ... The Alternate Asimovs, Science Fiction by Isaac Asimov, 1986. ... The Best Science Fiction of Isaac Asimov, published in 1986, is a collection of 28 short stories by Isaac Asimov. ... Robot Dreams (1986) is a collection of Isaac Asimovs short stories, intended largely to show a series of Asimov robot-inspired drawings by Ralph McQuarrie. ... Azazel is fantasy short story collection by Isaac Asimov first published in 1988. ... Gold: The Final Science Fiction Stories is a collection of Isaac Asimovs stories and essays. ... This book is a collection of short stories and essays by Issac Asimov listed bellow. ... Magic is a 1995 collection of short stories by Isaac Asimov. ...

Mysteries

Novels

The Death Dealers is a mystery novel by Isaac Asimov published in 1958 (later republished as A Whiff of Death). ... Murder at the ABA (1976) is a mystery novel by Isaac Asimov, following the adventures of a writer and amateur detective named Darius Just (whom Asimov modeled on his friend Harlan Ellison). ...

Short story collections

Black Widowers series
  • Tales of the Black Widowers (1974)
  • More Tales of the Black Widowers (1976)
  • Casebook of the Black Widowers (1980)
  • Banquets of the Black Widowers (1984)
  • Puzzles of the Black Widowers (1990)
  • The Return of the Black Widowers (2003)

Starting in 1971, Isaac Asimov wrote a series of mystery short stories about a men-only dinner club called the Black Widowers. ... Tales of the Black Widowers is a 1974 Mystery book written by Isaac Asimov. ... More Tales of the Black Widowers is a collection of mystery short stories by science fiction author Isaac Asimov featuring his fictional club of mystery solvers, the Black Widowers. ... Casebook of the Black Widowers is a collection of mystery short stories by science fiction author Isaac Asimov featuring his fictional club of mystery solvers, the Black Widowers. ... Banquets of the Black Widowers is a collection of mystery short stories by science fiction author Isaac Asimov featuring his fictional club of mystery solvers, the Black Widowers. ... Puzzles of the Black Widowers is a collection of mystery short stories by science fiction author Isaac Asimov featuring his fictional club of mystery solvers, the Black Widowers. ... The Return of the Black Widowers is a collection of mystery short stories by science fiction author Isaac Asimov featuring his fictional club of mystery solvers, the Black Widowers. ...

Other mysteries

  • Asimov's Mysteries (1968)
  • The Union Club Mysteries (1980)
  • The Disappearing Man and Other Mysteries (1985)
  • The Best Mysteries of Isaac Asimov (1986)

Asimovs Mysteries, published in 1968, is a collection of 14 short stories by Isaac Asimov, all of them science fiction mysteries (although, as Asimov admits in the introduction, some are only borderline). ... The Union Club Mysteries is a collection of mystery short stories by science fiction author Isaac Asimov featuring his fictional mystery solver Griswold. ...

Nonfiction

Popular science

Collections of columns from the Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction F&SF April 1971, special Poul Anderson issue. ...

  1. Fact and Fancy (1962)
  2. View from a Height (1963)
  3. Adding a Dimension (1964)
  4. Of Time, Space, & Other Things (1965)
  5. From Earth to Heaven (1966)
  6. Science, Numbers and I (1968)
  7. The Solar System and Back (1970)
  8. The Stars in Their Courses (1971)
  9. Left Hand of the Electron (1972)
  10. The Tragedy of the Moon (1973)
  11. Of Matters Great & Small (1975)
  12. The Planet that Wasn't (1976)
  13. Quasar, Quasar, Burning Bright (1977)
  14. Road to Infinity (1979)
  15. The Sun Shines Bright (1981)
  16. Counting the Eons (1983)
  17. X Stands for Unknown (1984)
  18. The Subatomic Monster (1985)
  19. Far as Human Eye Could See (1987)
  20. The Relativity of Wrong (1988)
  21. Out of the Everywhere (1990)
  22. The Secret of The Universe (1990)

Others Fact and Fancy is a collection of seventeen scientific essays by Isaac Asimov. ... Overview First published in 1963 by Isaac Asimov, View from a Height (ISBN 0380003562) covers a wide range of topics about biology, chemistry, physics, astronomy and many other fields of science. ... Adding a Dimension is a collection of seventeen scientific essays by Isaac Asimov. ... The Solar System and Back Isaac Asimov - a collection of essays reprinted from The Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction including: Nothing (March 1959) The First Metal (December 1967) The Seventh Metal (January 1968) The Predicted Metal (February 1968) The Seventh Planet (March 1968) The Dance of the Sun (April... Quasar, Quasar, Burning Bright is a collection of essays by Isaac Asimov reprinted from The Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction, including: Its a Wonderful Town! (May 1976) Surprise! Surprise! (June 1976) Making It! (July 1976) Moving Ahead (August 1976) To the Top (September 1976) Quasar, Quasar, Burning Bright... The Subatomic Monster is a collection of 17 scientific essays by Isaac Asimov. ... Far as Human Eye Could See (published 1987) is the 19th collection of science essays by Isaac Asimov, short works which originally appeared in The Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction (F&SF). ... The Relativity of Wrong is an essay by Isaac Asimov where he argues that there are degrees of wrongness, and being wrong in one way is not necessarily as bad as being wrong in another way. ... Out of the Everywhere is a collection of seventeen scientific essays by Isaac Asimov. ... The Secret of the Universe, Isaac Asimov 1990 - Essays reprinted from The Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction The Cosmic Lens (February 1989) The Secret of the Moon (March 1989) The Moons Twin (April 1989) The Changing Distance (May 1989) A Change of Air (June 1989) The Importance of...

  • The Chemicals of Life (1954)
  • Inside the Atom (1956)
  • Only a Trillion (1957)
  • The World of Carbon (1958)
  • The World of Nitrogen (1958)
  • Words of Science and the History Behind Them (1959)
  • The Clock We Live On (1959)
  • Asimov on Numbers (1959)
  • Life and Energy (1962)
  • The Human Brain (1964)
  • The Intelligent Man's Guide to Science (1965)
    • The title varied with each of the four editions, the last being Asimov's New Guide to Science (1984)
  • The Universe: From Flat Earth to Quasar (1966)
  • The Neutrino (1966)
  • Isaac Asimov's Treasury of Humor (1971)
  • Our World in Space (1974)
  • The Collapsing Universe (1977) ISBN 0-671-81738-8
  • Extraterrestrial Civilizations (1979)
  • Views of the Universe (1981)
  • Exploring the Earth and the Cosmos (1982)
  • Asimov's Chronology of Science and Discovery (1989, second edition extends to 1993)
  • Asimov's Chronology of the World (1991)
  • Isaac Asimov's Guide to Earth and Space (1991)
  • Asimov Laughs Again (1992)
  • Quasars, Pulsars and Black Holes(1992)
  • The Sun (2003, revised by Richard Hantula)
  • Jupiter (2004, revised by Richard Hantula)
  • The Earth (2004, revised by Richard Hantula)
  • Venus (2004, revised by Richard Hantula)

Only a Trillion is a collection of ten science essays and three scientific spoof articles by Isaac Asimov. ... Life and Energy is one of Isaac Asimovs most famous and popular scientific books for the layman. ... The Intelligent Mans Guide to Science was a book published in 1960, written by Isaac Asimov. ... Isaac Asimov, one of the foremost science fiction writers in the past century, was also well known for his many non-science-fiction works. ... Views of the Universe is a book written by Issac Asimov in 1981. ... Exploring The Earth And The Cosmos is a book written by Isaac Asimov in 1982. ... This book by Isaac Asimov explains in chronological order important events that happened in our world from the Big Bang until the end of World War 2. ... Guide to Earth and Space (ISBN 0449220591) is a non-fiction work by the well-known science fiction writer Isaac Asimov. ...

Annotations

Byrons Don Juan (Penguin Classics version) Don Juan is a long narrative poem by Lord Byron, based on the legend of Don Juan. ... For other uses, see Paradise Lost (disambiguation). ... W. S. Gilbert Arthur Sullivan Gilbert and Sullivan refers to the Victorian era partnership of librettist W. S. Gilbert (1836–1911) and composer Arthur Sullivan (1842–1900). ... First Edition of Gullivers Travels Gullivers Travels (1726, amended 1735), officially Travels into Several Remote Nations of the World, in Four Parts. ...

Guides

Asimovs Guide to the Bible, 1967 and 1969. ... Asimovs Guide to Shakespeare, by Isaac Asimov, vols I and II (1970), ISBN 0-517-26825-6 Asimov gives a short guide to every Shakespeare play, and also the two epic poems. ...

Autobiography

In Memory Yet Green is the first volume of Isaac Asimovs two volume autobiography. ... Doubleday is one of the largest book publishing companies in the world. ... In Joy Still Felt is the second part of Isaac Asimovs biography, the first being In Memory Yet Green. ... Doubleday is one of the largest book publishing companies in the world. ... Doubleday is one of the largest book publishing companies in the world. ...

Other nonfiction

Opus 100 is Isaac Asimovs one hundredth book. ... A limerick is a short, often humorous and ribald poem developed to a very specific structure. ... Asimovs Biographical Encyclopedia of Science and Technology is a book by Isaac Asimov. ... Prometheus Books is a publishing company founded in August 1969 by Paul Kurtz and publishes scientific, educational, and popular books, especially those of a secular humanist or scientific skepticism nature. ...

TV and film appearances

  • Stranieri in America 1988
  • Oltre New York 1986
  • Voyage to the Outer Planets and Beyond 1986
  • Target... Earth? 1980
  • The Dick Cavett Show 1970
  • The Nature of Things 1969

References

  1. ^ a b c Asimov, Isaac. In Memory Yet Green. “The date of my birth, as I celebrate it, was January 2, 1920. It could not have been later than that. It might, however, have been earlier. Allowing for the uncertainties of the times, of the lack of records, of the Jewish and Julian calendars, it might have been as early as October 4, 1919. There is, however, no way of finding out. My parents were always uncertain and it really doesn't matter. I celebrate January 2, 1920, so let it be.” 
  2. ^ Asimov FAQ: Did you know that Asimov is the only author to have published books in all ten categories of the Dewey Decimal System?. Retrieved on 2007-05-13.
  3. ^ Notes From Curator: Isaac Asimov.
  4. ^ Freedman, Carl. Critical Theory and Science Fiction. Wesleyan University Press. March 2000. P. 71
  5. ^ Asimov, Isaac. I, Asimov: A Memoir. Doubleday, 1994, p. 380.
  6. ^ Asimov FAQ (2004-09-27). Retrieved on 2007-01-17.
  7. ^ Locus Online: Letter from Janet Asimov (2002-04-04). Retrieved on 2007-01-17.
  8. ^ Isaac Asimov, "The Way of Reason," in In Pursuit of Truth: Essays on the Philosophy of Karl Popper on the Occasion of his 80th Birthday,, ed. Paul Levinson, Humanities Press, 1982, pp. ix-x.
  9. ^ Spud, The Invincible. Isaac Asimov: The Good Doctor. Bewildering Stories article. Retrieved on 2007-05-13.
  10. ^ Rothstein, Mervyn. Isaac Asimov Obituary. quotes The New York Times, April 7, 1992 edition. Retrieved on 2007-05-13.
  11. ^ Michael Sampson (2004-01-14). The Bottom of Things. Retrieved on 2007-01-17.
  12. ^ Isaac Asimov FAQ, Part 1 (2001-02-09). Retrieved on 2007-01-17.
  13. ^ Gunn, James (1980-07), "On Variations on a Robot", Isaac Asimov's Science Fiction Magazine: 56-81
  14. ^ Jenkins, John. Review of The Gods Themselves. Retrieved on 2007-05-13.
  15. ^ Jenkins, John. Review of an Asimov biography, The Unauthorized Life. Retrieved on 2007-05-13.

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 133rd day of the year (134th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... is the 94th day of the year (95th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Paul Levinson, 2002 Paul Levinson (b. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 133rd day of the year (134th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The New York Times is a daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed internationally. ... April 7 is the 97th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (98th in leap years). ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 133rd day of the year (134th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 14th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 40th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... James Edwin Gunn (born 1923 in Kansas City, Missouri) is an American Science Fiction author, editor, scholar, and anthologist. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 133rd day of the year (134th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 133rd day of the year (134th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Print media

  • Asimov, Isaac. In Memory Yet Green (1979, ISBN 0-380-75432-0).
In Joy Still Felt (1980, ISBN 0-380-53025-2).
I. Asimov: A Memoir (1994). ISBN 0-385-41701-2 (hc), ISBN 0-553-56997-X (pb).
Yours, Isaac Asimov (1996), edited by Stanley Asimov. ISBN 0-385-47624-8.
It's Been a Good Life (2002), edited by Janet Asimov. ISBN 1-57392-968-9.
  • Goldman, Stephen H., "Isaac Asimov", in Dictionary of Literary Biography, Vol. 8, Cowart and Wymer eds., (Gale Research, 1981), pp. 15–29.
  • Gunn, James. "On Variations on a Robot", IASFM, July 1980, pp. 56–81. Reprinted in the 1982 book.
Isaac Asimov: The Foundations of Science Fiction (1982). ISBN 0-19-503060-5.
The Science of Science-Fiction Writing (2000). ISBN 1-57886-011-3.

Cover for an issue of Asimovs Science Fiction. ...

Further reading

Print media

  • Fiedler, Jean; Jim Mele (1982). Isaac Asimov. ISBN 0-8044-2203-6. 
  • Joseph D. Oleander and Martin H. Greenberg (editors) (1974). Isaac Asimov. ISBN 0-8008-4258-8, Hardback ISBN 0-8008-4257-X. 
  • Patrouch, Joseph F. (1977). The Science Fiction of Isaac Asimov. ISBN 0-385-08696-2. 
  • Touponce, William F. (1991). Isaac Asimov. ISBN 0-8057-7623-0. 
  • White, Michael (1994). Asimov: The Unauthorized Life. ISBN 0-14-004130-3. 

For the editor and founder of Gnome Press, see Martin Greenberg. ...

External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
The following links were last verified November 25, 2007.
Persondata
NAME Asimov, Isaac
ALTERNATIVE NAMES Исаак Озимов (Russian); Айзек Азимов (Russian); French, Paul (pseudonym); Dale, George E. (pseudonym)
SHORT DESCRIPTION Russian-born American novelist, short story author, essayist, historian, biochemist, textbook writer, humorist
DATE OF BIRTH January 2?, 1920?
PLACE OF BIRTH Petrovichi, Russian SFSR
DATE OF DEATH April 6, 1992
PLACE OF DEATH New York, New York, U.S.

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is one of a family of wiki-based projects run by the Wikimedia Foundation, running on MediaWiki software. ... The Internet Speculative Fiction Database is a database of bibliographic information on science fiction and related genres such as fantasy fiction and horror fiction. ... The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) is an online database of information about movies, actors, television shows, production crew personnel, and video games. ... The Internet Book Database of Fiction (IBDoF) is an online database for books, mostly works of fiction. ... Don Swaim is an American journalist, writer, and broadcaster. ... Wired for Books <http://wiredforbooks. ... Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ... Science fiction comics such as 2000 AD feature a selection of regular comic strips with a Science fiction theme. ... Oct. ... This page lists a broad variety of science fiction novels (and novel series)--some old, some new; some famous, some obscure; some well-written, some ill-written--and so may be considered a representative slice of the field. ... Science fiction film is a film genre that uses speculative, science-based depictions of imaginary phenomena such as extra-terrestrial lifeforms, alien worlds, and time travel, often along with technological elements such as futuristic spacecraft, robots, or other technologies. ... This is a list of science fiction films organised chronologically. ... A broadcast of the long-running and popular British science-fiction series Doctor Who. ... Image File history File links Nuvola_apps_konquest. ... Note that this partial list contains some authors whose works of fantastic fiction would today be called science fiction, even if they predate, or did not work in that genre. ... Science fiction has been shaped as a literary genre by both authors and editors. ... Main article: Science fiction Science fiction includes such a wide range of themes and subgenres that it is notoriously difficult to define. ... The genre of Science Fiction has a number of recognition awards for authors, editors and illustrators. ... This article is about science fiction literature. ... A science fiction genre is a division (genre) of science fiction. ... Hard science fiction is a category of science fiction characterized by an emphasis on scientific or technical detail, or on scientific accuracy, or on both. ... Soft science fiction, or soft SF, like its complementary opposite hard science fiction, is a descriptive term that points to the role and nature of the science content in a science fiction story. ... Apocalyptic fiction is a sub-genre of science fiction (or, in some cases, the more general category speculative fiction) that is concerned with the end of civilization through nuclear war, plague, or some other general disaster. ... Comic science fiction is a sub-genre of science fiction that exploits the genres conventions for comic effect. ... For other uses, see Fantasy (disambiguation). ... Science fantasy is a mixed genre of story which contains some science fiction and some fantasy elements. ... “Horror story” redirects here. ... Speculative fiction - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... The following is a list of science fiction themes. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Android (disambiguation). ... Planets in science fiction are fictional planets that appear in various media, especially those of the science fiction genre, as story-settings or depicted locations. ... Artists conception of a space habitat called the Stanford torus, by Don Davis Space colonization (also called space settlement, space humanization, space habitation, etc. ... Poster for Back to the Future (1985). ... Utopian fiction is the creation of an ideal world as the setting for a novel. ... Science fiction conventions are gatherings of the community of fans (called science fiction fandom) of various forms of speculative fiction including science fiction and fantasy. ... Main article: Science fiction conventions These are lists of conventions in the genres of Science Fiction/ Fantasy, Anime, Gaming, Comics, Horror and related genres. ... Petrovichi is a Russian town near Smolensk. ... State motto: Russian: Пролетарии всех стран, соединяйтесь! Translation: Workers of the world, unite! Capital Moscow Official language Russian Established In the USSR:  - Since  - Until November 7, 1917 November 7, 1917 December 12, 1991 (dissolution) Area  - Total  - Water (%) Ranked 1st in the USSR 17,075,200 km² 13% Population  - Total   - Density Ranked 1st in the... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... This article is about the state. ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Isaac Asimov - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (6962 words)
Asimov is widely considered a master of the science-fiction genre and, along with Robert A. Heinlein and Arthur C. Clarke, was considered to be one of the "Big Three" science-fiction writers during his lifetime.
Asimov was born around January 2, 1920 (his date of birth for official purposes—the precise date is not certain) in Petrovichi shtetl of Smolensk Oblast, RSFSR (now Russia) to Anna Rachel Berman Asimov and Judah Asimov, a Jewish family of millers.
Isaac Asimov was a Humanist and a rationalist.
Isaac Asimov Obituary (1569 words)
Isaac Asimov, the pre-eminent popular-science writer of the day and for more than 40 years one of the best and best-known writers of science fiction, died yesterday at New York University Hospital.
Isaac Asimov was born Jan. 2, 1920, in the Soviet Union, near Smolensk, the son of Judah and Anna Rachel Berman Asimov.
Isaac Asimov, a self-confessed compulsive writer, produced nearly 500 books on a remarkable array of subjects, reaching out not only to distant galaxies but also to the distant past for inspiration.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m