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Encyclopedia > Irtysh River
Irtysh River
The Ob-Irtysh Watershed
Origin Altay Mountains
Mouth Ob River
Basin countries Russia, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia
Length 4,248 km (2,640 mi)
Avg. discharge 2,150 m3/s (near Tobolsk)
Basin area 1,643,000 km2

Irtysh (Russian: Иртыш ; Kazakh: Ertis / Эртiс ; Tatar: İrteş / Иртеш ; Chinese: Erqisi / 额尔齐斯河) a river in Siberia, the chief tributary of the river Ob. Its name means White River. It is actually longer than the Ob to their confluence. Irtysh's main affluent is Tobol River. The Ob-Irtysh form a major basin in Asia, encompassing most of Western Siberia and the Altay Mountains. Image File history File links Ob_watershed. ... [[ == Headline text == This article does not cite its references or sources. ... The Altay Mountains (Russian: ; Mongolian: , Altai) are a mountain range in central Asia, where Russia, China, Mongolia and Kazakhstan come together, and where the great rivers Irtysh, Ob and Yenisei have their sources. ... Ob (also Obi, Russian Обь) is a river in West Siberia, Russia, the countrys fourth longest. ... This article includes a list of works cited but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... In hydrology, the discharge of a river is the volume of water transported by it in a certain amount of time. ... View of Tobolsk in the 1910s Tobolsk (Russian: ; Tatar: Tubıl) is a historic capital of Siberia, now an ordinary town in Tyumen Oblast, Russia. ... Kazakh, also Kazak, Qazaq, Khazakh, Kosach, and Kaisak (Қазақ тілі in Cyrillic, Qazaq tili in the Latin alphabet, and قازاق تءىلءي in the Arabic alphabet) is a Western Turkic language closely related to Kyrgyz, Nogai and Karakalpak. ... The Tatar language (Tatar tele, Tatarça, Татар теле, Татарча) is a Turkic language spoken by the Tatars. ... This bridge across the Danube River links Hungary with Slovakia. ... Siberian Federal District (darker red) and the broadest definition of Siberia (red) arctic northeast Siberia Udachnaya pipe Siberia (Russian: , Sibir; Tatar: ) is a vast region of Russia constituting almost all of Northern Asia and comprising a large part of the Euro-Asian Steppe. ... Ob (also Obi, Russian Обь) is a river in West Siberia, Russia, the countrys fourth longest. ... Tobol (Тобол in Russian) is a river in Kazakhstan and Kurgan and Tyumen Oblasts in Russia, left tributary of Irtysh. ... Siberian Federal District (darker red) and the broadest definition of Siberia (red) arctic northeast Siberia Udachnaya pipe Siberia (Russian: , Sibir; Tatar: ) is a vast region of Russia constituting almost all of Northern Asia and comprising a large part of the Euro-Asian Steppe. ... The Altay Mountains (Russian: ; Mongolian: , Altai) are a mountain range in central Asia, where Russia, China, Mongolia and Kazakhstan come together, and where the great rivers Irtysh, Ob and Yenisei have their sources. ...


From its source as Kara-Irtysh (Black Irtysh) in the Mongolian Altay mountains in Xinjiang, China, Irtysh flows NW through Lake Zaysan, Kazakhstan until it meets the Ob near Khanty-Mansiysk in western Siberia, Russia after 4,248 km (2,640 mi). For the county in Shanxi province, see Xinjiang County. ... Lake Zaysan (Russian: озеро Зайсан) is a freshwater lake, ca. ... Ob (also Obi, Russian Обь) is a river in West Siberia, Russia, the countrys fourth longest. ... Khanty-Mansiysk (Russian: ) is a town in Russia, the administrative center of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug. ... Siberian Federal District (darker red) and the broadest definition of Siberia (red) arctic northeast Siberia Udachnaya pipe Siberia (Russian: , Sibir; Tatar: ) is a vast region of Russia constituting almost all of Northern Asia and comprising a large part of the Euro-Asian Steppe. ...


Passenger, freight boats and tankers navigate most of the river between April and October, when it is not frozen. Omsk is home to the headquarters of the state-owned Irtysh River Shipping Company, and the largest river port in Western Siberia. Major hydroelectric plants at Ust-Kamenogorsk and Bakhtarminsk (1959) use the Irtysh near the Kazakhstan-Chinese border. An Irtysh-Karaganda irrigation canal supplies water to the dry Kazakstani Steppes. Omsk (Russian: ) is a city in southwest Siberia in Russia, the administrative center of Omsk Oblast. ... Öskemen (Kazakh: Өскемен; also Russian: Усть-Каменогорск or Ust-Kamenogorsk), is the capital of the Shyghys Qazaqstan (Eastern Kazakhstan) Oblast. ... A steppe in Western Kazakhstan in early spring In physical geography, a steppe (Russian: - , Ukrainian: - , Kazakh: - ), pronounced in English as , is a plain without trees (apart from those near rivers and lakes); it is similar to a prairie, although a prairie is generally considered as being dominated by tall grasses...


The river banks were occupied by Chinese, Kalmyks, and Mongols until the Russians arrived in the late 16th century. The Russian conquest of the Irtysh basin was completed by the early 19th century. The Republic of Kalmykia (Russian: Респу́блика Калмы́кия; Kalmyk: Хальм Тангч) is a federal subject of the Russian Federation (a republic). ... The name Mongols (Mongolian: Mongol) specifies one or several ethnic groups. ...


The main cities on the Irtysh, from source to mouth, are:

Ust-Kamenogorsk (Kazakh: Өскемен, Russian: Усть-Каменогорск) or Öskemen, is the capital of the Shyghys Qazaqstan (Eastern Kazakhstan) Oblast. ... NASA satellite photo of Semey Semey (Семей, sometimes transliterated as Semij or Semei) is a city in north eastern Kazakhstan, near the border with Siberia. ... The Grand mosque of Pavlodar Pavlodar (Павлода́р) is a city in northeastern Kazakhstan, 350km northeast of the country capital Astana, and 350km southeast of Russias Omsk along the Irtysh River. ... Omsk (Russian: ) is a city in southwest Siberia in Russia, the administrative center of Omsk Oblast. ... Tara (Та́ра) is a town in the north of Omsk Oblast, Siberia, Russia. ... View of Tobolsk in the 1910s Tobolsk (Russian: ; Tatar: Tubıl) is a historic capital of Siberia, now an ordinary town in Tyumen Oblast, Russia. ... Khanty-Mansiysk (Russian: ) is a town in Russia, the administrative center of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug. ...

See also

China stretches some 5,000 kilometers across the East Asian landmass in an erratically changing configuration of broad plains, expansive deserts, and lofty mountain ranges, including vast areas of inhospitable terrain. ... Map of Russia. ...

References


  Results from FactBites:
 
Ob River - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (469 words)
The river splits up into more than one arm, especially after joining the large river Irtysh in 69° E. Originating in China, Irtysh is actually longer than Ob to their confluence.
From the river-head of Irtysh to the mouth of Ob, the Ob-Irtysh river flow is the longest in Russia at 5410 km.
Other noteworthy tributaries are: from the east, the Tom, the Chulym, the Ket, the Tym and the Vakh; and, from the west and south, the Vasyugan, the Irtysh (with the Ishim, the Tobol), and the Sosva.
Irtysh - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (221 words)
Irtysh River (Иртыш ; Kazakh: Ertis / Эртiс ; Tatar: İrteş / Иртеш) a river in Asia, the chief tributary of the river Ob.
Omsk is home to the headquarters of the state-owned Irtysh River Shipping Company, and the largest river port in Western Siberia.
The river banks were occupied by Chinese, Kalmyks, and Mongols until the Russians arrived in the late 16th century.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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