FACTOID # 20: Statistically, Delaware bears more cost of the US Military than any other state.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Irshad Manji
Irshad Manji
[[Image:Image:IrshadManji.jpg|200px]]
Born 1968
Uganda
Nationality Flag of Canada Canadian
Notable work(s) The Trouble with Islam Today, Faith Without Fear
Notable award(s) Honorary Doctorate, University of Puget Sound, 2008 , World Economic Forum "Young Global Leader"

Irshad Manji (born 1968) is a Canadian Muslim feminist, author, journalist, activist and professor of leadership. Manji is Director of the Moral Courage Project at New York University. The Moral Courage Project aims to teach young leaders to speak truth to power in their own communities. Manji is a well-known critic of radical Islam and orthodox interpretations of the Qur'an. The New York Times has described her as "Osama bin Laden's worst nightmare".[1] Manji is the founder of Project Ijtihad, an international charitable organization dedicated to creating a network of Muslims interested in a liberal reform of Islam. Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... In English usage, nationality is the legal relationship between a person and a country. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Original cover of The Trouble with Islam The Trouble With Islam, later republished as The Trouble with Islam Today [1] is a 2004 book critical of Islam written by Irshad Manji, in which she writes: The Trouble with Islam is an open letter from me, a Muslim voice of reform... A symbol of Islamic feminism, incorporating the Crescent Moon and Star of Islam into the female symbol Islamic feminism is a form of feminism that aims for the full equality of all Muslims, regardless of sex or gender, in public and private life. ... For other uses, see Author (disambiguation). ... // Journalism is the discipline of gathering, writing and reporting news, and broadly it includes the process of editing and presenting the news articles. ... Activism, in a general sense, can be described as intentional action or inaction to bring about social or political change. ... New York University (NYU) is a private, nonsectarian, coeducational research university in New York City. ... This article is about political Islam For the religion of Islam, see Islam. ... Islamic fundamentalism is a term used to describe religious ideologies seen as advocating a return to the fundamentals of Islam: the Quran and the Sunnah. ... The Qur’ān [1] (Arabic: , literally the recitation; also sometimes transliterated as Quran, Koran, or Al-Quran) is the central religious text of Islam. ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... Osama bin Muhammad bin Awad bin Laden (Arabic: ‎; born March 10, 1957[1]), most often mentioned as Osama bin Laden or Usama bin Laden, is a Saudi Arabian militant Islamist and is widely believed to be one of the founders of the organization called al-Qaeda. ... In modern times there have been a number of liberal movements within Islam (sometimes called in Arabic: الإسلام الإجتهادية or interpretation-based Islam, also الإسلام المتقدمة or Progressive Islam). These generally denote religious outlooks which depend mainly on ijtihad or re-interpretations of scriptures. ...


Manji's book, The Trouble with Islam Today, has been published in more than 30 languages, including Arabic, Persian, Urdu, Malay and Bahasa Indonesia. Manji has produced a PBS documentary, "Faith Without Fear", chronicling Manji's attempt to "reconcile her faith in Allah with her love of freedom".[2] As a journalist, her articles have appeared in many publications, and she has addressed audiences ranging from Amnesty International to the United Nations Press Corps to the Democratic Muslims in Denmark to the Royal Canadian Mounted Police. She has appeared on television networks around the world, including Al Jazeera, the CBC, BBC, MSNBC, C-SPAN, CNN, PBS, the Fox News Channel, the CBS Evening News, and Real Time with Bill Maher. Original cover of The Trouble with Islam The Trouble With Islam, later republished as The Trouble with Islam Today [1] is a 2004 book critical of Islam written by Irshad Manji, in which she writes: The Trouble with Islam is an open letter from me, a Muslim voice of reform... Arabic redirects here. ... Farsi redirects here. ... Urdu ( , , trans. ... Look up Malay in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Indonesian (Bahasa Indonesia) is the official language of Indonesia and a remarkable language in several ways. ... Not to be confused with Public Broadcasting Services in Malta. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Amnesty international Amnesty International (commonly known as Amnesty or AI) is an international non-governmental organization which defines its mission as to undertake research and action focused on preventing and ending grave abuses of the rights to physical and mental integrity, freedom of conscience... UN redirects here. ... Democratic Muslims (Danish: Demokratiske muslimer) is a political movement in Denmark founded by Naser Khader and other Muslims in February 2006 after the escalation of the Jyllands-Posten Muhammad cartoons controversy. ... RCMP redirects here. ... Al Jazeera logo Al Jazeera (الجزيرة), meaning The Island or The (Arabian) Peninsula (whence also Algiers) is an Arabic television channel based in Qatar. ... Radio-Canada redirects here. ... For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ... For the news website, see msnbc. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Cable News Network, commonly known as CNN, is a major cable television network founded in 1980 by Ted Turner. ... PBS redirects here. ... Fox News redirects here. ... CBS Evening News is the flagship nightly television news program of the American television network CBS. The network has broadcast this program since 1948, and has used the CBS Evening News title since 1963. ... Real Time with Bill Maher is a talk show that airs weekly on HBO, hosted by comedian and political satirist Bill Maher. ...

Contents

Biography

Image File history File links Question_book-3. ...

Early life and education

Manji was born in Uganda in 1968 to parents of Egyptian and Gujarati descent[3]. Her family moved to Canada when she was four, as a result of Idi Amin's expulsion of South Asians. She and her family settled near Vancouver in 1972, and she grew up attending both a secular and an Islamic religious school. Manji excelled in the secular environment but, by her own account, was expelled from her religious school for asking too many questions. For the next twenty years, she studied Islam via public libraries and Arabic tutors. Language(s) Gujarati Religion(s) Hinduism, Islam, Zoroastrianism (see Parsis), Jainism, Christianity Gujarati people (Gujarati: ગુજરાતી લોકો Gujǎrātī loko), or Gujaratis, is an umbrella term used to describe traditionally Gujarati-speaking Indo-Aryan people who can trace their ancestry to the Gujarat region in India. ... Idi Amin Dada (mid-1920s[1]–16 August 2003) was an army officer and president of Uganda. ... By January 1971, Milton Obote, then President of Uganda, was prepared to rid himself of the potential threat posed by Idi Amin. ... For other uses, see Vancouver (disambiguation). ... Madrassa in the Gambia The word madrassa in the Arabic language (and other languages of the Islamic nations such as Persian, Turkish, Indonesian etc. ... Arabic can mean: From or related to Arabia From or related to the Arabs The Arabic language; see also Arabic grammar The Arabic alphabet, used for expressing the languages of Arabic, Persian, Malay ( Jawi), Kurdish, Panjabi, Pashto, Sindhi and Urdu, among others. ...


Manji earned an honours degree in the history of ideas from the University of British Columbia. In 1990, she won the Governor General's Medal for top humanities graduate. The University of British Columbia (UBC) is a Canadian public research university with campuses in Vancouver and Kelowna. ... The Governor Generals Academic Medal is awarded to the student graduating with the highest grade point average from a Canadian high school, college or university program. ...


Career

Manji worked as a legislative aide in the Canadian parliament, press secretary in the Ontario government, and speechwriter for the leader of the New Democratic Party. At age 24, she became the national affairs editorialist for the Ottawa Citizen and thus the youngest member of an editorial board for any Canadian daily. She has hosted or produced several public affairs programs on television, one of which won the Gemini, Canada’s top broadcasting prize. In 2002, she became writer-in-residence at Hart House in the University of Toronto, from where she began writing The Trouble with Islam Today. From 2005 to 2006 she was a visiting fellow with the International Security Studies program[4] at Yale University and is currently a senior fellow with the European Foundation for Democracy in Brussels. In January 2008, Manji joined New York University’s Wagner School of Public Service to spearhead the Moral Courage Project, an initiative to help young people speak truth to power within their own communities. The Parliament of Canada (in French: le Parlement du Canada) is Canadas legislative branch, seated at Parliament Hill in Ottawa, Ontario. ... A press secretary is a senior advisor (usually to a politician) who provides advice on how to deal with the media and, using news management techniques, helps them to maintain a positive public image and avoid negative media coverage. ... The Ontario Legislature Building at Queens Park The Legislative Assembly of Ontario, is the legislature of the Canadian province of Ontario. ... This article is about the Canadian political party. ... The editorial board is a group of people, usually at a print publication, who dictate the tone and direction the publications editorials will take. ... Public affairs programming, a broadcasting industry term, refers to programming which focuses on matters of politics and public policy. ... The Gemini Awards are an annual awards ceremony in Canada. ... Hart House Hart House is a student centre at the University of Toronto. ... The University of Toronto (U of T) is a public research university in the city of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Original cover of The Trouble with Islam The Trouble With Islam, later republished as The Trouble with Islam Today [1] is a 2004 book critical of Islam written by Irshad Manji, in which she writes: The Trouble with Islam is an open letter from me, a Muslim voice of reform... Yale redirects here. ... This article is about the settlement itself. ... New York University (NYU) is a private, nonsectarian, coeducational research university in New York City. ...


Manji participated in a regular segment on TVOntario's Studio 2 in the mid-1990s, representing liberal views in debates with conservative journalist Michael Coren. She later produced and hosted QT: QueerTelevision for the Toronto based Citytv in the late 1990s. Among the program's coverage of local and national LGBT issues, she also produced stories on the lives of gay people in the Muslim world. When she left the show, Manji donated the set's giant Q to the Pride Library at the University of Western Ontario.[5][6] TVOntario, officially the Ontario Educational Communications Authority, is an educational public television broadcaster in the Canadian province of Ontario. ... Studio 2 is a daily (weeknights) current-events newsmagazine on Ontarios TVOntario. ... Look up liberal on Wiktionary, the free dictionary Liberal may refer to: Politics: Liberalism American liberalism, a political trend in the USA Political progressivism, a political ideology that is for change, often associated with liberal movements Liberty, the condition of being free from control or restrictions Liberal Party, members of... Michael Coren (born January 15, 1959 in Essex, England) is a Canadian columnist, author, public speaker, radio host and television talk show host. ... Citytv is an English language privately owned television system in Canada. ... For age-structured homosexuality, see Pederasty in the Middle East Islamic views on homosexuality are as varied as those of most other major religions and have changed throughout history. ... The Pride Library is a collection of books, periodicals, and audio-visual resources by and about gays, lesbians, bisexuals, transsexuals, and other queer folk . ... The University of Western Ontario (known as Western, as well as UWO or Western Ontario) is a research university located in London, Ontario. ...


Manji has received numerous death threats. In an interview with Glenn Beck, Manji stated that the windows of her apartment are fitted with bullet-proof glass, primarily for the protection of her family.[7] A death threat is a threat (often made anonymously) against a person threatening to kill them. ... Glenn Beck (born February 10, 1964) is an American radio/television host, conservative political commentator, and entrepreneur. ...


"Muslim refusenik"

"Muslim refusenik" is a phrase Manji coined and uses to characterize all independent-minded, liberal, anti-fundamentalist Muslims. "Refusenik" is an English-Russian portmanteau word first used for Russian Jews refused permission to emigrate, and then for Israeli conscientious objectors who refused to do army service on the West Bank. The word refusenik entered English language as a part of the Cold War lexicon to refer to those who were refused certain human rights, notably forbidden to emigrate. ... A portmanteau (IPA: ) is a word or morpheme that fuses two or more words or word parts to give a combined or loaded meaning. ... // Early History Tradition places Jews in southern Russia, Armenia, and Georgia since before the days of the First Temple, and records exist from the fourth century showing that there were Armenian cities possessing Jewish populations ranging from 10,000 to 30,000 along with substantial Jewish settlements in the Crimea. ... A conscientious objector is an individual whose personal beliefs are incompatible with military service, or sometimes with any role in the armed forces. ...


The Trouble with Islam Today

Manji's book The Trouble with Islam Today was published by St. Martin's Press in 2004. It has since been translated into more than 30 languages. Manji offers several translations of the book (namely Arabic, Bahasa Indonesia, Urdu, Malay and Persian) available for free-of-charge download on her website. To date, the Arabic translation alone has been downloaded more than a quarter of a million times.[citation needed] Original cover of The Trouble with Islam The Trouble With Islam, later republished as The Trouble with Islam Today [1] is a 2004 book critical of Islam written by Irshad Manji, in which she writes: The Trouble with Islam is an open letter from me, a Muslim voice of reform... Original cover of The Trouble with Islam The Trouble With Islam, later republished as The Trouble with Islam Today [1] is a 2004 book critical of Islam written by Irshad Manji, in which she writes: The Trouble with Islam is an open letter from me, a Muslim voice of reform... Headquartered in the legendary Flatiron Building in New York City, St. ...


Praise

Praise for the book comes from both Muslim and non-Muslim sources. Khaleel Mohammed, an imam and professor of Islam at San Diego State University, wrote in his foreword to Manji's book that "Irshad wants us to do what our Holy Book wants us to do: end the tribal posturing, open our eyes, and stand up to oppression, even if it's rationalized by our vaunted imams... She remains obedient to the Divine Imperative: 'O you who believe! Be upholders of justice, witnesses for God, even if it be against yourselves, or your parents and kin' (Quran, 4:135)." Khaleel Mohammed is a professor of Religion at San Diego State University, and a core faculty member of the universitys Center for Islamic and Arabic Studies. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... San Diego State University (SDSU), founded in 1897 as San Diego Normal School, is the largest and oldest higher education facility in the greater San Diego area (generally the City and County of San Diego), and is part of the California State University system. ... Many religions and spiritual movements hold certain written texts (or series of spoken legends not traditionally written down) to be sacred. ...


Jane Mansbridge, Adams Professor of Political Leadership and Democratic Values at Harvard University, says that “all is not lost if people of Irshad Manji's capacity can carry a fresh and convincing message to the coming generation. I cannot urge her more strongly to maintain her frank, open and intelligent approach. This cause is, I believe, the most important new movement in several decades.”[citation needed] Harvard redirects here. ...


The New York Times Book Review ran a positive review of The Trouble with Islam by Andrew Sullivan. Although Sullivan found some of Manji's "prescriptions for change in Islam ... dwarfed by the scale of the problem", he nevertheless considers Manji "a nerve ending for the West -- shocking, raw, but mercifully, joyously, still alive."[8] The Sydney Morning Herald also wrote a positive review[9]. The New York Times Book Review is a weekly paper-magazine supplement to The New York Times in which current non-fiction and fiction books are reviewed. ... Andrew Michael Sullivan (born August 10, 1963) is English, a self-described libertarian conservative author and political commentator, known for his often personal style of political analysis. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Criticism

Criticism to Manji's work comes from within Islam and from secular sources. Some of Manji's critics allege that she goes too far in her criticisms of Islam and Muslims. Some claim there is a double standard between her criticism of Muslim states and her position on Israel.[10]


As'ad Abu Khalil, political scientist at California State University, Stanislaus, accuses Manji of disproportionately targeting Muslims, ignoring the peripheral context within which most Muslims live, and not applying the same critiques to other groups, notably those with allegedly more power in society such as conservative Christians. Abu Khalil also asserts Manji is not trained in Islamic scholarship, history, or the Arabic language, and as such ignores the multiplicity of debates and traditions within Islam.[11] Asad Abu Khalil (born March 16, 1960) is a renowned professor of political science at California State University, Stanislaus and visiting professor at University of California, Berkeley. ... California State University, Stanislaus, a campus in the California State University system, was established in 1957 in Turlock, California. ... Islamic scholars are Muslim and non-Muslim scholars who work in one or more fields of Islamic studies. ... The Suleiman Mosque (Süleymaniye Camii) in Istanbul was built on the order of sultan Suleiman the Magnificent by the great Ottoman architect Sinan in 1557 The History of Islam is the history of the Islamic faith and the world it shaped as a social, cultural, and political phenomenon. ... Arabic can mean: From or related to Arabia From or related to the Arabs The Arabic language; see also Arabic grammar The Arabic alphabet, used for expressing the languages of Arabic, Persian, Malay ( Jawi), Kurdish, Panjabi, Pashto, Sindhi and Urdu, among others. ...


Tarek Fatah, a liberal Canadian Muslim, wrote in his critical review of The Trouble With Islam that the book "is aimed at making Muslim haters feel secure in their thinking."[12] Tarek Fatah (born November 20, 1949) is a secular Muslim Canadian political activist, writer and TV host. ...


Khaled Almeena, editor of the Arab News in Saudi Arabia, complains that "This fraudulent book has now become a guide to Islam."[13]


Awards

Manji was awarded Oprah Winfrey's first annual Chutzpah Award for "audacity, nerve, boldness and conviction"[14]. Ms. Magazine named her a "Feminist for the 21st Century"[15], and Immigration Equality gave her its Global Vision Prize[16]. In 2006, The World Economic Forum selected her as a Young Global Leader[17]. She has also been named a Muslim Leader of Tomorrow by the American Society for the Advancement of Muslims[18]. In May 2008, she received an honorary doctorate from the University of Puget Sound[19]. Oprah Winfrey, (born January 29, 1954) is a multiple-Emmy Award winning host of The Oprah Winfrey Show, the highest rated talk show in television history. ... magazine Ms. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The University of Puget Sound (often called UPS or just Puget Sound) is a private liberal arts college located in the North End of Tacoma, Washington, in the United States. ...


Works

Books
  • The Trouble with Islam Today, 2004, ISBN 1-8401-8837-5
  • The Trouble with Islam Today: A Muslim's Call for Reform in Her Faith, 2005, ISBN 0-3123-2700-5
  • Risking Utopia: On the edge of a new democracy, 1997, ISBN 1-5505-4434-9
Articles
  • "What Word Comes to Mind?" at Library and Archives Canada
  • Irshad Manji's media coverage page containing links to articles, reviews and interviews
  • Irshad Manji´s interview Literal, Latin American Voices
Film
  • Faith without Fear a 2007 PBS documentary produced by Irshad Manji that documents the pervasive Islamism she finds during her travels through Muslim communities in Yemen, Europe and North America and the personal risk she has taken in her life as her result of her calls for reform and human rights in the Muslim world.[20]. In 2008, Faith Without Fear launched the 2008 Muslim Film Festival organized by the American Islamic Congress[21].

Original cover of The Trouble with Islam The Trouble With Islam, later republished as The Trouble with Islam Today [1] is a 2004 book critical of Islam written by Irshad Manji, in which she writes: The Trouble with Islam is an open letter from me, a Muslim voice of reform... Ayaan Hirsi Ali, MA ( ; Somali: ; born Ayaan Hirsi Magan 13 November 1969[2] in Mogadishu, Somalia) is a Dutch feminist and political writer, daughter of the Somali scholar, politician, and revolutionary opposition leader Hirsi Magan Isse. ... The 92nd Street Y is a multifaceted cultural institution and community center located on the Upper East Side of Manhattan in New York City. ... Not to be confused with Public Broadcasting Services in Malta. ... This article is about political Islam For the religion of Islam, see Islam. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... North American redirects here. ...

See also

For age-structured homosexuality, see Pederasty in the Middle East Islamic views on homosexuality are as varied as those of most other major religions and have changed throughout history. ... Raquel Evita Saraswati (b. ... Ayaan Hirsi Ali, MA ( ; Somali: ; born Ayaan Hirsi Magan 13 November 1969[2] in Mogadishu, Somalia) is a Dutch feminist and political writer, daughter of the Somali scholar, politician, and revolutionary opposition leader Hirsi Magan Isse. ... Asra Q. Nomani is an Indian-American Muslim journalist, author, and feminist. ...

References

  1. ^ Krauss, Clifford. "An Unlikely Promoter of an Islamic Reformation", nytimes.com, 2003-10-04. Retrieved on 2006-07-11. 
  2. ^ http://www.pbs.org/weta/crossroads/about/show_faith_without_fear.html
  3. ^ http://www.irshadmanji.com/wp-content/files/2008/05/jakarta_post_weekender.pdf
  4. ^ freeSpeech: Irshad Manji Sept. 18, 2006
  5. ^ Irshad Manji's Official Website
  6. ^ Irshad's Myspace Page.
  7. ^ "". Glenn Beck. CNN. 2007-02-13.
  8. ^ The Trouble with Islam January 25, 2004 . Book review off "The Trouble with Islam".
  9. ^ http://www.smh.com.au/articles/2004/09/10/1094789671719.html
  10. ^ The Trouble With Irshad Manji October 3, 2004
  11. ^ Debate with As'ad AbuKhalil Debate with As'ad AbuKhalil, professor of political science at California State University, on the 2006 cartoon controversy and the worldwide protests.
  12. ^ Thanks, but No Thanks: Irshad Manji's Book Is for Muslim Haters, Not Muslims November 27, 2003
  13. ^ http://www.brickenden.com/pdf/pdf-1150811199-BioManjiIrshad.pdf
  14. ^ http://www.oprah.com/spiritself/omag/slide/ss_o_slide_200405_chutzpah_04.jhtml
  15. ^ Sept/Oct 1997 issue of Ms, p. 104
  16. ^ 2007 Annual Benefit, New York City
  17. ^ http://www.younggloballeaders.org/scripts/Modules/Addresses/yglsearchAddress.aspx?srh=1&ddlYear=2006&ddlStakeholder=&ddlRegion=&ddlSex=1&ddlCountry=&pg=4&ipp=10&idn=1
  18. ^ http://asmasociety.typepad.com/mlt/
  19. ^ http://www.ups.edu/x27840.xml
  20. ^ Irshad Manji calls on her fellow Muslims to reform
  21. ^ http://www.muslimfilm.org/schedule.html

The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 192nd day of the year (193rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Cable News Network, commonly known as CNN, is a major cable television network founded in 1980 by Ted Turner. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 44th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Works Critical of Manji

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Irshad Manji
Persondata
NAME Manji, Irshad
ALTERNATIVE NAMES
SHORT DESCRIPTION [Islamic feminism
DATE OF BIRTH 1968
PLACE OF BIRTH Uganda
DATE OF DEATH
PLACE OF DEATH
Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is one of a family of wiki-based projects run by the Wikimedia Foundation, running on MediaWiki software. ... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
America at a Crossroads . Faith without Fear | PBS (593 words)
Irshad Manji is the internationally best-selling author of The Trouble with Islam Today: A Muslim’s Call for Reform in her Faith.
Through them, Manji discovers what she thinks has corrupted a religion of justice to become an ideology of fear.
Manji introduces us to two Spanish Muslims who represent the humanity that ijtihad can restore to Islam, and the cruelty that Muslims will suffer at the hands of other Muslims if ijithad remains buried.
Israpundit: An Islam of One: Irshad Manji at Yale (3513 words)
Manji has been engaged for the past three years in a "jihad" of her own-itjihad the alleged concept of self examination and inquiry that, in her opinion could lead to reform and liberation of the Muslim “umma” the community of Muslim believers.
Manji’s response was “yes,” she was appalled by the intolerance displayed by members of the umma about the Danish editorial cartoons in an interview she gave yesterday to CNN international, but she used that as a "bully pulpit"-you should pardon the expression-plumping for itjihad.
Manji clearly was sending a message that she was trying valiantly, perhaps foolishly in light of the Fatwas issued against her, to retain her identity as a Muslim, as a living example that you can have your “cake and eat it too” and live in the sweet dream of western tolerance.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m