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Encyclopedia > Irrationalism

The philosophical movements of irrationalism and aestheticism were a cultural reaction against positivism that took place during the early twentieth century. These perspectives opposed or de-emphasized the importance of the rationality of human beings. Instead, they concentrated on Kant's "noumenal realm", or the experience of one's own existence. The Aesthetic movement is a loosely defined movement in art and literature in later nineteenth century Britain. ... Positivism can have several meanings. ... In philosophy, the word rationality has been used to describe numerous religious and philosophical theories, especially those concerned with truth, reason, and knowledge. ... Immanuel Kant (April 22, 1724 – February 12, 1804) was a German philosopher and geographer from Prussia, generally regarded as one of Europes most influential thinkers and the last major philosopher of the Enlightenment. ... In the philosophy of Immanuel Kant, a noumenon or thing in itself (German Ding an sich) is an unknowable, undescribable reality that, in some way, lies behind observed phenomena. ...


Part of the movements involved claims that science was inferior to intuition. In this project, art was given an especially high place, as it was considered the gateway to the "noumenal". Unfortunately, not all of the public at the time were involved in this movement and only elites -- a "Mandarin elitism" -- had access to the art. // What is science? There are different theories of what science is. ... Intuition has many meanings across many cultures, including: quick and ready insight seemingly independent of previous experiences and empirical knowledge immediate apprehension or cognition knowledge or conviction gained by intuition the power or faculty of attaining to direct knowledge or cognition without evident rational thought and inference. ... Resources Great Museums in the World (Louvre, Metropolitan Museum, MoMA, Picasso …) CGFA: A Virtual Art Museum Art-Atlas. ... In the philosophy of Immanuel Kant, a noumenon or thing in itself (German Ding an sich) is an unknowable, undescribable reality that, in some way, lies behind observed phenomena. ... Alternative meaning: Elite (computer game) In sociology as in general usage, the elite (the elect; sometimes the French form élite is used) refers to a relatively small dominant group within a larger society, which enjoys privileged status and, almost invariantly, exploits individuals of lower social status. ... Resources Great Museums in the World (Louvre, Metropolitan Museum, MoMA, Picasso …) CGFA: A Virtual Art Museum Art-Atlas. ...


Symbolism and existentialism branched out of these schools. Existentialism is a philosophical movement that views the individual, the self, the individuals experience, and the uniqueness therein as the basis for understanding the nature of human existence. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Irrationality - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (532 words)
Irrationality is talking or acting without regard of rationality.
irrationality caused by mental illness, such as obsessive-compulsive disorder, major depressive disorder, and paranoia.
The study of irrational behavior is of interest in fields such as psychology, cognitive science, economics, game theory, and evolutionary psychology, as well as of practical interest to the practitioners of advertising and propaganda.
irrationality (872 words)
Irrationality is a matter of unnecessarily modifying a good idea to the idea's detriment or unnecessarily adhering to a bad idea to ones disservice.
However irrationality is introduced when language interpretations, social norms, dogma and sarcasm promote a positive feedback which takes irrational behavior to extremes unjustified by and often at odds with actual conditions.
With perception now being ambiguous and subjective, irrationality is invited in, if not actually promoted, as people can usually find some verbal framework in which to rationalize their behavior, along with a scapegoat or an excuse to explain away their failures.
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