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Encyclopedia > Iron rice bowl

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Question_book-3. ...

Origin of term

"Iron rice bowl" (simplified Chinese: 铁饭碗; traditional Chinese: 鐵飯碗; pinyin: tiě fàn wǎn) is a Chinese term used to refer to an occupation with guaranteed job security, as well as steady income and benefits. Traditionally, people considered to have iron rice bowls include military personnel, members of the civil service, as well as employees of various state run enterprises (through the mechanism of the Work unit). The metaphoric usage is applied to the act of dropping a traditionally clay or porcelain rice bowl and shattering, thereby rendering the bowl useless. When one has an iron rice bowl, the bowl may be dropped repeatedly (i.e. the employee may make multiple mistakes) without the bowl itself being damaged. Simplified Chinese character (Simplified Chinese: or ; traditional Chinese: or ; pinyin: or ) is one of two standard sets of Chinese characters of the contemporary Chinese written language. ... Traditional Chinese characters refers to one of two standard sets of printed Chinese characters. ... Pinyin, more formally called Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), is the most common variant of Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. ... Job security has different meanings according to the employment laws of each country. ... The Roman civil service in action. ... A work unit or danwei is the place of employment within the Peoples Republic of China. ...

Recent moves at cutting benefits and privatization of various state run businesses in Taiwan such as the Taiwan Railway Administration and China Airlines have led many in those industries to believe that their iron rice bowls are in jeopardy, and has led to strikes (and threats thereof), as well as being the subject of much political debate. This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Taiwan Railway Administration (台灣鐵路管理局, a. ... Not to be confused with Air China, the national airline of Peoples Republic of China. ...

When Deng Xiaoping began his labor reforms in the People's Republic of China in the 1980s, the government iron rice bowl jobs were some of the first to go. Almost overnight, fully one third of China's workforce was unemployed.[citation needed] A large majority of these people became migratory workers, moving from job to job in great masses. Factory and construction work were, and continue to be, standard employment. The effects of this change are still felt today in modern China. Deng Xiaoping   (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Teng Hsiao-ping; August 22, 1904 – February 19, 1997) was a prominent Chinese politician and reformer, and the late leader of the Communist Party of China (CCP). ...

Other uses

In Western Society, the term enjoys similar usage. It has been popularized by Richard Lindzen in reference to Government funded scientists and labs that use their research results to justify continued government funding. Lindzen's thesis is that the intrinsic link between reporting and funding provides incentives to report research results in such a way as to ensure continued funding. Richard Siegmund Lindzen, Ph. ...

External links

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  Results from FactBites:
Rice (Oryza sativa) (2523 words)
Rice inflorescence is a loose panicle; the grains are not compact and compressed against one another as in wheat and maize.
Rice is not especially nutritious, being 80% starch, 12% water, and only 7% protein (but with a nearly full complement of the essential amino acids), along with traces of fiber, fat, mineral ash, thiamine, riboflavin, and niacin.
Conversely, to be unemployed is to have broken the rice bowl.
Foreign Affairs - Smashing the Iron Rice Bowl - Neil C. Hughes (654 words)
Rice has been China's staple food for thousands of years, and the most important symbol of the party's economic policies has been an unbreakable iron rice bowl, which stood for the cradle-to-grave security offered all citizens.
China's dilemma is that it is afraid to smash the iron rice bowl because it fears that the social stability that has sustained its reform program would shatter with it.
The end of the iron rice bowl appeared implicit in the 1978 rural revolution that saw collective farming replaced by the "household responsibility system." Farmers made money from their crops, informal markets were introduced, and prices were allowed to rise above government-set floors.
  More results at FactBites »



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