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Encyclopedia > Iron maiden (torture device)
Various torture instruments. An iron maiden is on the right.
Various torture instruments. An iron maiden is on the right.

An 'iron maiden is an iron cabinet built with wood or iron, and usually has a small closable opening so that the torturer can interrogate their victim and torture or kill a person by piercing the body with sharp objects (such as knives, spikes or nails), while he or she is forced to remain standing. The condemned bleeds profusely and is weakened slowly, eventually dying because of blood loss, or perhaps asphyxiation. Most iron maidens were made so the sharp points did not pierce vital organs, thus immediately killing a person, in order to drag out the tortorous death. The process involved the victim being locked inside the device by heavy padlocks, and was usually checked on every few hours to see whether the victim had died. It is often associated with the Middle Ages, but in fact was not invented until the late 18th century.[1] Iron Maiden are an English heavy metal band from Leyton in the East End of London. ... Iron Maiden can refer to: Iron Maiden, a British heavy metal music band, its debut album Iron Maiden and also a song on that album. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... General Name, symbol, number iron, Fe, 26 Chemical series transition metals Group, period, block 8, 4, d Appearance lustrous metallic with a grayish tinge Standard atomic weight 55. ... This article is about the governmental body. ... For other uses, see Torture (disambiguation). ... Death penalty, death sentence, and execution redirect here. ... Body piercing is a form of body modification. ... traditional Norse knife A knife is a sharp-edged hand tool used for cutting. ... Look up spike in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article is about the object used in construction. ... Bleeding is the loss of blood from the body. ... Asphyxia is a condition of severely deficient supply of oxygen to the body. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ...


The most famous device was the iron maiden of Nuremberg. Historians have ascertained that Johann Philipp Siebenkees created the history of it as a hoax in 1793. According to Siebenkees' colportage, it was first used on August 14, 1515, to execute a coin forger.[2] The Nuremberg iron maiden was actually built in the late 18th century as a probable misinterpretation of a medieval "Schandmantel" ("cloak of shame"), which was made of wood and tin but without spikes. Accounts of the iron maiden cannot be found from any period older than 1793, although most other medieval torture devices were extensively catalogued. Nürnberg redirects here. ... Professor Johann Philipp Siebenkees (1759–1796) was a German philosopher. ... A hoax is an attempt to trick an audience into believing that something false is real. ... Year 1793 (MDCCXCIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... Colportage is the distribution of religious publications, books, tracts, etc. ... is the 226th day of the year (227th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1515 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Forgery is the process of making or adapting objects or documents (see false document), with the intention to deceive. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... Schandmantel A Schandmantel, also known as a Schandtonne or Spanish coat, was a torture device. ...


The iron maiden of Nuremberg was anthropomorphic. It was probably styled after Mary, the mother of Jesus, with a carved likeness of her on the face. The "maiden" was about 7 feet (2.1m) tall and 3 feet (0.9m) wide, had double doors, and was big enough to contain an adult man. Inside the tomb-sized container, the iron maiden was fitted with dozens of sharp spikes. Several nineteenth century iron maidens are on display in museums around the world, but it is unlikely that they were ever employed. The iron maiden probably was not used until the twentieth century. Anthropomorphism, also referred to as personification or prosopopeia, is the attribution of human characteristics to inanimate objects, animals, forces of nature, and others. ... Saint Mary and Saint Mary the Virgin both redirect here. ... A maiden may refer to: A female virgin. ... For the New York prison see The Tombs. ...


Augustine of Hippo refers to the death of Marcus Aurelius Regulus in The City of God, Book I, Chapter 15. He is recorded therein as having been executed by the Carthaginians who "packed him into a tight wooden box, spiked with sharp nails on all sides, so that he could not lean in any direction without being pierced" (translation by Gerald G. Walsh, S.J., Demetrius B. Zema, S.J., Grace Monahan, O.S.U., and Daniel J. Honan). Augustinus redirects here. ...


In 2003, Time magazine reported that they had discovered an iron maiden, showing signs of use, in the administrative compound of the Iraqi national Olympic committee in central Baghdad, which they linked to reports of torture carried out upon Iraqi athletes by the committee's head, Uday Hussein.[3] TIME redirects here. ... Baghdad (Arabic: ) is the capital of Iraq and of Baghdad Governorate. ... Uday Saddam Hussein al-Tikriti (June 18, 1964 Baghdad – July 22, 2003 Mosul), (Arabic: ) was the eldest son of Saddam Hussein and his first wife, Sajida Talfah. ...


In 2006, investigators found a skeleton locked inside an iron maiden in Nuremberg. They found that the spikes were indeed placed in a fashion that they would not be fatal, but could drag on the death[citation needed]


Sources

  • Schild, Wolfgang (2000). Die eiserne Jungfrau. Dichtung und Wahrheit (Schriftenreihe des Mittelalterlichen Kriminalmuseums Rothenburg o. d. Tauber Nr. 3). 
  • Jürgen Scheffler. Der Folterstuhl - Metamorphosen eines Museumsobjektes. Zeitenblicke. Retrieved on January 25, 2006.
  • Vortrag von Klaus Graf: Mordgeschichten und Hexenerinnerungen. Mondzauberin. Retrieved on July 11, 2007.
  • Das leckt die Kuh nicht ab - "Zufällige Gedanken" zu Schriftlichkeit und Erinnerungskultur der Strafgerichtsbarkeit. Retrieved on July 11, 2007.

Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Vortrag Klaus Graf: "Das Hinrichtungswerkzeug "Eiserne Jungfrau" ist eine Fiktion des 19. Jahrhunderts, denn erst in der ersten Hälfte des 19. jahrhunderts hat man frühneuzeitliche Schandmäntel, die als Straf- und Folterwerkzeuge dienten und gelegentlich als "Jungfrau" bezeichnet wurden, innen mit eisernen Spitzen versehen und somit die Objekte den schaurigen Phantasien in Literatur und Sage angepaßt." ("The execution tool "Iron Maiden" is a fiction of the 19th century, because only since the first half of the 19th Century the early-modern-times' "cloaks of shame", which sometimes were called "maidens", were provided with iron spikes; and thus the objects were adapted to the dreadful fantasies in literature and legend." Mordgeschichten und Hexenerinnerungen - das boshafte Gedächtnis auf dem Dorf, June 21, 2001 July 11, 2007
  2. ^ Wolfgang Schild: Die Eiserne Jungfrau, 2002
  3. ^ Ghosh, Bobby. Iron Maiden Found in Uday Hussein's Playground. Time magazine. Retrieved on 2008-02-14.

is the 192nd day of the year (193rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • http://www.occasionalhell.com/infdevice/detail.php?recordID=Iron%20Maiden
  • http://www.time.com/time/world/article/0,8599,444889,00.html

  Results from FactBites:
 
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Iron is a relatively abundant element in the universe, found in stars and planets in considerable quantity, with very stable nuclei.
Iron is a vital constituent of plant and animal life, and appears in the blood hemoglobin of some species, such as Humans, causing blood to be colored red when exposed to oxygen.
A torture device made of iron in the general shape of a person and designed to impale a Human placed inside it on iron spikes was called an "iron maiden".
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