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Encyclopedia > Irkutsk
Irkutsk (English)
Иркутск (Russian)

View of Irkutsk from space

Location of Irkutsk in southern Siberia
Coordinates
52°17′N 104°18′E / 52.283, 104.3Coordinates: 52°17′N 104°18′E / 52.283, 104.3
Coat of Arms Flag
City Day: First Sunday of June
Administrative status
Federal subject
In jurisdiction of
Administrative center of
Irkutsk Oblast
Irkutsk Oblast
Irkutsk Oblast, Irkutsky District
Local self-government
Charter Charter of Irkutsk
Municipal status Urban okrug
Mayor Vladimir Yakubovsky
Legislative body Duma
Area
Area n/a
Population (as of the 2002 Census)
Population
- Rank
- Density
593,604 inhabitants
24th
n/a
Events
Founded 1652
Town status 1686
Other information
Postal code n/a
Dialing code +7 3952
Official website
http://www1.irkutsk.ru/

Irkutsk (Russian: Ирку́тск) is one of the largest cities in Siberia and the administrative center of Irkutsk Oblast, situated 5,185 kilometers (3,222 mi) by rail from Moscow. Population: 593,604 (2002 Census)[1]; 622,301 (1989 Census)[1]; 500,000 (1975); 49,106 (1900); 35,512 (1875). Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1000x750, 518 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Irkutsk ... Image File history File links Irkutskmap. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Heraldry in its most general sense encompasses all matters relating to the duties and responsibilities of officers of arms. ... For other uses, see Flag (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Russia is a federation which consists of 86 subjects[1]. These subjects are of equal federal rights in the sense that they have equal representation—two delegates each—in the Federation Council (upper house of the Russian parliament). ... Irkutsk Oblast (Russian: ) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast), located in south-eastern Siberia in the basins of Angara, Lena, and Nizhnyaya Tunguska rivers, and occupies an area of 767,900 km² (4. ... Irkutsk Oblast (Russian: ) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast), located in south-eastern Siberia in the basins of Angara, Lena, and Nizhnyaya Tunguska rivers, and occupies an area of 767,900 km² (4. ... Irkutsk Oblast (Russian: ) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast), located in south-eastern Siberia in the basins of Angara, Lena, and Nizhnyaya Tunguska rivers, and occupies an area of 767,900 km² (4. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles accessible from a disambiguation page. ... Federal subjects of the Russian Federation Being the largest country in the world, and one of the most populated, Russia incorporates several types and levels of subdivisions. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... A legislatureis a type of representative deliberative assembly with the power to ratify laws. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Russian Census of 2002 (Russian: ) was the first census of Russian Federation carried out on October 9, 2002. ... This is a list of cities and towns in Russia with population over 50,000, grouped by federal subject and sorted by population. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Postcodes are generally clearly visible outside Australia Post offices. ... // Proposed Country Code: 3 In 1996, the European Commission proposed the introduction of a single telephone numbering plan, in which all European Union member states would use the code 3. Calls between member states would no longer require the use of the international access code 00. This proposal would have... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos or other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... Types of inhabited localities in Russia, Soviet Union, and some other post-Soviet states have certain peculiarities with respect to the English language traditions. ... This article is about Siberia as a whole. ... Irkutsk Oblast (Russian: ) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast), located in south-eastern Siberia in the basins of Angara, Lena, and Nizhnyaya Tunguska rivers, and occupies an area of 767,900 km² (4. ... For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ... Russian Census of 2002 (Russian: ) was the first census of Russian Federation carried out on October 9, 2002. ... The 1989 Soviet Census was the final and most comprehensive census taken within The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics The census officially recorded the popullation of the USSR at 286,717,000, making it the third most populous country in the world. ...

Contents

Geography and climate

The city proper lies at the Angara River, a tributary of the Yenisei, 72 kilometers (45 mi) below its outflow from Lake Baikal, and on the bank opposite the suburb of Glaskovsk. The river, which has a breadth of 580 meters (1,903 ft) is crossed by a flying bridge. The Irkut River, from which the town takes its name, is a small river which joins the Angara directly opposite the town. The main portion of the city is separated from several important landmarks—the monastery, the fort, and the port, as well as its suburbs by another tributary, the Ida, or Ushakovka River. Angara (Ангара́) is a river, 1840 km (1150 m. ... Look up tributary in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Yenisei (Енисе́й) is the greatest river system flowing to the Arctic Ocean, and the fifth longest river in the world. ... Baikal redirects here. ... “Suburbia” redirects here. ... Road sign Irkut River near village Zaktuj in Tunkinsky district of Buryatia, Russian Federation (photo 2005). ... Monastery of St. ... Fortifications (Latin fortis, strong, and facere, to make) are military constructions designed for defensive warfare. ... For other uses, see Port (disambiguation). ...


As a Siberian city, Irkutsk experiences a subarctic climate, characterized by extreme variation of temperatures between seasons. Temperatures can be very warm in the summer, and brutally cold in the winter. The warmest month of the year in Irkutsk is July, when the mean temperature is +18 °C (64.4 °F), and the coldest month of the year is January, when the mean temperature is only −19 °C (−2.2 °F). Precipitation also varies widely throughout the year, with the wettest month also being July, when precipitation averages 119 mm (4.70 in). The driest month is February, when precipitation averages only 7.6 mm (.30 in), mainly due to the fact that almost all precipitation during the Siberian winter falls as fluffy, low moisture content snow. Regions having a subarctic climate (also called boreal climate) are characterized by long, usually very cold winters, and brief, warm summers. ...


Irkutsk is situated in a landscape of rolling hills within the thick taiga, typical of eastern Siberia, and in contrast to the flat, open steppe of western Siberia. For other uses, see Taiga (disambiguation). ... This article is about the ecological zone type. ...


According to the regional plan Irkutsk city will be agglomerated with the satellite industrial towns of Shelekhov and Angarsk to form a metropolitan area with a total population of over one million. Shelekhov (Russian: ) is a town in Irkutsk Oblast, Russia, located some 20 km southwest of Irkutsk. ... Angarsky Prospekt Angarsk (Russian: Ангарск) is a city in the Irkutsk Oblast, South-East Siberia, Russia. ...



Weather averages for Irkutsk
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 2.3 (36) 10.2 (50) 20.0 (68) 29.2 (85) 34.5 (94) 35.0 (95) 37.2 (99) 34.1 (93) 29.5 (85) 25.6 (78) 14.1 (57) 4.6 (40) 37.2 (99)
Average high °C (°F) -14.8 (5) -10.5 (13) -1.7 (29) 7.9 (46) 16.3 (61) 22.6 (73) 24.6 (76) 22.0 (72) 15.3 (60) 7.1 (45) -4.4 (24) -12.9 (9) 6.1 (43)
Average low °C (°F) -25.1 (-13) -23.4 (-10) -15.8 (4) -4.8 (23) 1.6 (35) 7.6 (46) 11.4 (53) 9.3 (49) 2.6 (37) -4.4 (24) -14.9 (5) -22.7 (-9) -6.5 (20)
Record low °C (°F) -49.7 (-57) -44.7 (-48) -37.3 (-35) -31.8 (-25) -14.3 (6) -6.0 (21) 0.4 (33) -2.7 (27) -11.9 (11) -30.5 (-23) -40.4 (-41) -46.3 (-51) -49.7 (-57)
Precipitation mm (inch) 12 (0.5) 9 (0.4) 13 (0.5) 19 (0.7) 33 (1.3) 62 (2.4) 120 (4.7) 86 (3.4) 50 (2) 30 (1.2) 18 (0.7) 19 (0.7) 471 (18.5)
Source: Pogoda.ru.net[2] 8.09.2007

History

Irkutsk grew out of the winter quarters established (1652) by Yakov Pokhabov for gold-trading and for the collection of the fur tax from the Buryats. The town gained official city rights from the government in 1686. The first road connection between Moscow and Irkutsk, the Siberian Road (Сибирский Тракт, Sibirsky Trakt), was built in 1760. The city benefitted economically from this new road. Many new products, often imported from China, were widely available in Irkutsk for the first time, including gold, diamonds, furs, wood, silk, and tea. The Buryats, numbering approximately 436,000, are the largest ethnic minority group in Siberia and are mainly concentrated in their homeland, the Buryat Republic. ... For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ... GOLD refers to one of the following: GOLD (IEEE) is an IEEE program designed to garner more student members at the university level (Graduates of the Last Decade). ... This article is about the mineral. ... For other uses, see Fur (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Wood (disambiguation). ... For other uses of this word, see Silk (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Tea (disambiguation). ...


During the past centuries Siberia, with its severe climate, has had a reputation as the place for exile. In Genghis Khan's army, punishment was either death or exile to Siberia.[3] In the early 19th century, many Russian artists, officers, and nobles were sent into exile to Siberia for their part in the Decembrist revolt against Tsar Nicholas I. Irkutsk became the major center of intellectual and social life for these exiles, and much of the city's cultural heritage comes from them; many of their wooden houses, adorned with ornate, hand-carved decorations, survive today in stark contrast with the standard Soviet apartment blocks that surround them. The definition of an artist is wide-ranging and covers a broad spectrum of activities to do with creating art, practicing the arts and/or demonstrating an art. ... Nobility is a traditional hereditary status (see hereditary titles) that exists today in many countries (mainly present or former monarchies). ... Exile (band) may refer to: Exile - The American country music band Exile - The Japanese pop music band Category: ... Decembrists at the Senate Square The Decembrist revolt or the Decembrist uprising (Russian: ) was attempted in Imperial Russia by army officers who led about 3,000 Russian soldiers on December 14 (December 26 New Style), 1825. ... Tsar (Bulgarian, Serbian and Macedonian цар, Russian  , in scientific transliteration respectively car and car ), occasionally spelled Czar or Tzar and sometimes Csar or Zar in English, is a Slavonic term designating certain monarchs. ... Nicholas I (Russian: Николай I Павлович, Nikolai I Pavlovich), July 6 (June 25, Old Style), 1796–March 2 (18 February Old Style), 1855), was the Emperor of Russia from 1825 until 1855, known as one of the most reactionary of the Russian monarchs. ... CCCP redirects here. ...


By the end of the 19th century there was one exiled man per two locals. Different people from the members of the Decemberists' uprising to Bolsheviks have been staying in Irkutsk for a long time. These people have greatly influenced the culture and the development of the city and it has finally became a prosperous cultural and educational center for Eastern Siberia.

Epiphany Minster (built in 1718–1746)
Epiphany Minster (built in 1718–1746)

Irkutsk has long been reputed to be a remarkably fine city—its streets being straight, broad, well paved and well lighted; but in 1879, on July 4 and 6, the palace of the (then) Governor General, the principal administrative and municipal offices and many of the other public buildings were destroyed by fire; and the government archives, the library, and the museum of the Siberian section of the Russian Geographical Society were utterly ruined. Three quarters of the city were destroyed, including approximately four thousand houses. However, the city quickly rebounded, with electricity arriving in 1896, the first theater being built in 1897, and a major train station in 1898. The first train arrived in Irkutsk on August 16 of that year. By 1900, the city had earned the nickname "The Paris of Siberia." Image File history File links Orthodox_Church_Irkutsk. ... Image File history File links Orthodox_Church_Irkutsk. ... is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 187th day of the year (188th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Archive of the AMVC An archive refers to a collection of historical records, and also refers to the location in which these records are kept. ... Julio Pérez Ferrero Library - Cúcuta, Colombia A modern-style library in Chambéry A library is a collection of information, sources, resources, and services: it is organized for use and maintained by a public body, an institution, or a private individual. ... The Palais du Louvre in Paris, which houses the Musée du Louvre, one of the worlds most famous museums, and most certainly the largest. ... The Russian Geographical Society is a learned society, founded on 6 August 1845 in Saint Petersburg, Russia. ... is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... EXAMPLE:Laughbox,Blondie,BamBam,Pinkie,etc. ... This article is about the capital of France. ...


During the civil war that broke out after the Bolshevik Revolution, Irkutsk became the site of many furious, bloody clashes between the "Whites" and the "Reds". In 1920, Kolchak, the once-feared commander of the largest contingent of anti-Bolshevik forces, was executed there, effectively destroying the anti-Bolshevik resistance. Combatants Local Soviet powers led by Russian SFSR and Red Army Chinese mercenaries White Movement Central Powers (1917-1918): Austria-Hungary Ottoman Empire German Empire Allied Intervention: (1918-1922) Japan Czechoslovakia Greece  United States  Canada Serbia Romania UK  France Foreign volunteers: Polish Italian Local nationalist movements, national states, and decentralist... The October Revolution, also known as the Bolshevik Revolution, was the second phase of the Russian Revolution, the first having been instigated by the events around the February Revolution. ... White Army redirects here. ... Bolshevik Party Meeting. ... Admiral Kolchak Aleksandr Vasiliyevich Kolchak (Russian: Александр Васильевич Колчак, November 16 [O.S. November 4] 1874 – February 7, 1920) was a Russian naval commander and later head of part of the anti-Bolshevik White forces during the Russian Civil War. ...


During the Communist years, the industrialization of Irkutsk, and Siberia in general, was heavily encouraged. The large Irkutsk Reservoir was built on the Angara between 1950 and 1959 in order to facilitate industrial development.


The Epiphany Cathedral (illustrated, to the right), the governor's palace, a school of medicine, a museum, a military hospital, and the crown factories are among the public institutions and buildings. The Alexander Kolchak monument, designed by Vyacheslav Klykov, was unveiled in 2004. On July 27, 2004, the Irkutsk Synagogue (1881) was gutted by a conflagration. Aleksandr Vasiliyevich Kolchak (Александр Васильевич Колчак in Russian) (November 4 (November 16 NS), 1874 - February 7, 1920) was a Russian naval commander and later head of part of... Klykovs equestrian statue of Marshal Zhukov on Manege Square in Moscow (1995). ... is the 208th day of the year (209th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Emblem

The original version of the emblem.
The original version of the emblem.

The emblem of Irkutsk features an old symbol of Dauria: a Siberian tiger with a sable in his mouth. When the emblem was devised in 1690, the animal was described as a tiger ("babr", a bookish word of Persian derivation) with a sable in his mouth. This image had been used by the Yakutsk customs office from about 1642. It has its origin in a seal of the Siberia Khanate representing a sable and showcasing the fact that Siberia (or rather Yugra) was the main source of sable fur throughout the Middle Ages. (Actually, the English word "sable" is derived from the Russian "sobol"). Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Dauria is a region of Russia. ... Trinomial name Panthera tigris altaica Temminck, 1884 Distribution of the Siberian Tiger (in red) The Siberian Tiger (Panthera tigris altaica) is a rare subspecies of tiger (). Also known as the Amur Tiger, it is considered to be the largest of the 6 tiger subspecies. ... Binomial name Martes zibellina Linnaeus, 1758 The Sable (Martes zibellina) is a small mammal, closely akin to the martens, living in southern Russia near the Ural Mountains through Siberia and Mongolia to Hokkaidō in Japan. ... Binomial name Martes zibellina Linnaeus, 1758 The Sable (Martes zibellina) is a small mammal, closely akin to the martens, living in southern Russia near the Ural Mountains through Siberia and Mongolia to Hokkaidō in Japan. ... Yakutsk (Russian: ; Yakut: ) is a city in the Russian Far East, located about 4° (450 kilometres) below the Arctic Circle. ... Siberia Khanate is an anachronistic rendering of its actual name Khanate of Sibir, a Tatar khanate in the later Russian Siberia. ... Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug, a territory formerly known as Yugra Yugra (Russian: ) was the name of the lands between the Pechora River and Northern Urals in the Russian annals of the 12th–17th centuries, as well as the name of the Khanty and partly Mansi tribes inhabiting these territories. ...


By the mid-19th century, the word "babr" had fallen out of common usage, but it was still recorded in the Armorial of the Russian Empire. Furthermore, the tigers became extinct in this part of Siberia. In the 1870s, a high-placed French heraldist with a limited command of Russian assumed that "babr" was a misspelling of "bobr", the Russian word for "beaver", and changed the wording accordingly. This modification engendered a long dispute between the local authorities, who were so confused by the revised description that they started to depict the "babr" as a fabulous animal, half-tiger and half-beaver. For other uses, see Beaver (disambiguation). ...


The Soviets abolished the ridiculous image altogether, but it was restored following the dissolution of the Soviet Union.


Transport

Passenger railway station in Irkutsk
Passenger railway station in Irkutsk

Important roads and railways like the Trans-Siberian Railway connect Irkutsk to other regions in Russia and Mongolia. Also, the city is served by the Irkutsk International Airport and the smaller Irkutsk Northwest Airport. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... For the Fabergé egg, see Trans-Siberian Railway (Fabergé egg). ... IATA Airport Code: IKT Airlines Aero Mongolia Aerobratsk Aeroflot Angara Airlines China Southern Airlines Dalavia Enkor MIAT-Mongolian Pulkovo Aviation Enterprise Samara Airlines Siberia Airlines Transaero Ural Airlines Vladivostok Avia Category: ... Irkutsk Northwest Airport is an airport in Russia located 11 km northwest of Irkutsk. ...


The Federal road to Vladivostok passes through a suburb of Irkutsk. Vladivostok (Russian: ) is the administrative center of Primorsky Krai, Russia, situated close to the Russo-Sino border and North Korea. ...


Television and mass media

There are many state and privately owned television stations in Irkutsk, including state IGTRK company http://irkutsk.rfn.ru and private ones http://as.baikal.tv AS Baikal TV, TV company AIST http://www.aisttv.ru, TV company Gorod http://www.gorodtv.ru, and e.g. http://www.vsp.ru VSP newspaper agency. Irkutsk live webcamera inlc. life temperature in city center: http://as.baikal.tv/webcam/


Twin cities

City of Shenyang, China; city of Kanazawa, Japan; city of Eugene, Oregon, U.S.A., and Ulan Bator, capital of neighbouring Mongolia, are twin cities of Irkutsk. This article is about a city. ... Kanazawa Kanazawa (金沢市; -shi) is the capital city of Ishikawa in Japan. ... Nickname: Motto: The Worlds Greatest City of the Arts & Outdoors Coordinates: , Country State County Lane Founded 1846 Incorporated 1862 Government  - Mayor Kitty Piercy Area  - City 40. ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... Template:Infobox Settlementcookis and ceam For the band, see Ulan Bator (band). ... The term Twin city or twin town may be applied to one of the following notions. ...


Trivia

According to a December 1st, 2007, 'Russkiy Mir' television report, about one percent of Irkutsk's population is infected with the HIV virus, the highest infection rate in all of Russia . Species Human immunodeficiency virus 1 Human immunodeficiency virus 2 Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a retrovirus that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS, a condition in humans in which the immune system begins to fail, leading to life-threatening opportunistic infections). ...


Education

Irkutsk is home to Irkutsk State Railway Transport University (since 1975), Irkutsk State University (1918), Baykalsky State University of Economics & Law (since 1932), Irkutsk State Technical University (since 1939), Irkutsk State Academy of Agriculture, Irkutsk State Linguistic University (1948), Irkutsk State Medical University, Irkutsk State Pedagogical College, and a number of private colleges: Siberian Institute of Law, Economics and Management (since 1993), Institute of Economics of ISTU (since 1996), and others. Irkutsk State University was founded in October 1918 in Irkutsk, Siberia. ... Irkutsk State Linguistic University is a university in Irkutsk, Siberia in eastern Russia founded in 1948. ...


Science

As part of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences there are nine research institutes located in the Irkutsk Academgorodok suburb: Institute of Geography, Energy Systems Institute, Institute of Geochemistry, Institute of Systems Dynamics and Control Theory, Earth's Crust Institute, solar-terrestrial physics institute, Institute of Chemistry, Institute of Limnology (located on lake Baikal shore), Institute of Plants Physics, Laser Physics Institute (Branch of the Novosibirsk-based Institute). Apart from SB RAS Research Institutes, there are R&D institutes including GAZPROM R&D Institute (Branch of Moscow-based Institute), Irkutsk Institute of Less-Common and Precious Metals and Diamonds. Russian Academy of Sciences: main building Russian Academy of Sciences (Росси́йская Акаде́мия Нау́к) is the national academy of Russia. ... Gazprom (LSE: OGZD; Russian: , sometimes transcribed as Gasprom) is the largest Russian company and the biggest extractor of natural gas in the world. ...


Images of Irkutsk

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b Russian Census Cities and towns with population of 50 thousand people and over in 1989 and 2002
  2. ^ Pogoda.ru.net (Russian). Retrieved on September 8, 2007.
  3. ^ Irkutsk. Geographic Bureau - Siberia and Pacific. Retrieved on 2006-10-26.

Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 299th day of the year (300th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Additional sources

  • This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.
  • This article incorporates text translated from the corresponding German Wikipedia article as of 10 July 2006.

Encyclopædia Britannica, the eleventh edition The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is perhaps the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ... is the 191st day of the year (192nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

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Image File history File links Commons-logo. ...

Coat of arms of Irkutsk Oblast Cities and towns in Irkutsk Oblast Flag of Irkutsk Oblast
Administrative center: Irkutsk

Alzamay | Angarsk | Baykalsk | Biryusinsk | Bodaybo | Bratsk | Cheremkhovo | Kirensk | Nizhneudinsk | Sayansk | Shelekhov | Slyudyanka | Svirsk | Tayshet | Tulun | Usolye-Sibirskoye | Ust-Ilimsk | Ust-Kut | Vikhorevka | Zheleznogorsk-Ilimsky | Zima Image File history File links Coat_of_Arms_of_Irkutsk_oblast. ... Irkutsk Oblast (Russian: ) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast), located in south-eastern Siberia in the basins of Angara, Lena, and Nizhnyaya Tunguska rivers, and occupies an area of 767,900 km² (4. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Alzamay (Russian: ) is a town in Irkutsk Oblast, Russia, located on the Toporok River (Angaras basin) 600 km northwest of Irkutsk. ... Angarsky Prospekt Angarsk (Russian: Ангарск) is a city in the Irkutsk Oblast, South-East Siberia, Russia. ... Baikalsk (Russian: ) is a town in Irkutsk Oblast, Russia. ... Biryusinsk (Russian: ) is a town in Irkutsk Oblast, Russia, located on the right bank of the Biryusa River (Angaras basin), 682 km northwest of Irkutsk. ... Coat of arms of Bodaybo Bodaybo (Russian: ) is a town in Irkutsk Oblast, Russia, located on the Vitim River at its confluence with the Bodaybo River. ... Bratsk is a Russian city in the Irkutsk Oblast in eastern Siberia. ... Cheremkhovo (Russian: ) is a town in Irkutsk Oblast, Russia, located on the Trans-Siberian Railway. ... Kirensk (Russian: ) is a town in Irkutsk Oblast, Russia, located at the confluence of the Kirenga and Lena Rivers 710 km north of Irkutsk. ... Nizhneudinsk (Russian: ) is a town in Irkutsk Oblast, Russia, located on the Uda River (Yeniseis basin), some 508 km northwest of Irkutsk. ... Coat of arms of Sayansk Sayansk (Russian: ) is a town in Irkutsk Oblast, Russia, located on the Oka River (Angaras basin) some 270 km northwest of Irkutsk. ... Shelekhov (Russian: ) is a town in Irkutsk Oblast, Russia, located some 20 km southwest of Irkutsk. ... Slyudyanka railway station on the Trans-Siberian Railway Slyudyanka (Russian: ) is a town in Irkutsk Oblast, Russia, located at the southern tip of Lake Baikal 127 km south of Irkutsk. ... Svirsk (Russian: ) is a town in Irkutsk Oblast, Russia, located on the left bank of the Angara River some 150 km northwest of Irkutsk. ... Taishet, also spelled Tayshet (Тайшет in Russian) is a town and railroad junction in the Irkutsk Oblast in Russia. ... Coat of arms of Tulun Tulun (Russian: ) is a town and administrative center of Tulunsky District, Irkutsk Oblast, Russia, located on the Iya River (Angaras basin), 390 km northwest of Irkutsk. ... Usolie-Sibirskoe is a city in the Irkutsk region of Siberia. ... Ust-Ilimsk (Russian: ) is a city in Irkutsk Oblast, Russia, located on the Angara River. ... Ust-Kut (Russian: ) is a town in Irkutsk Oblast, Russia, situated on the river Lena. ... Vikhorevka (Russian: ) is a town in Bratsky District of Irkutsk Oblast, Russia, located on the left bank of the Vikhorevka River (Angaras tributary), 916 km northwest of Irkutsk and 35 km southwest of Bratsk. ... Zheleznogorsk-Ilimsky (Russian: ) is a town in Irkutsk Oblast, Russia, located 16 km from the Ilim River and 1,222 km north of Irkutsk. ... Zima (Russian: ) is a town in and the administrative center of Ziminsky District of Irkutsk Oblast, Russia, situated on the intersection of the Trans-Siberian railway with Oka River. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Irkutsk - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (540 words)
Irkutsk (Russian: Ирку́тск) is the administrative center of Irkutsk Oblast, one of the most important places in Siberia, being not only the principal commercial depot north of Tashkent, but also a fortified military post, an archbishopric of the Russian Orthodox Church and the seat of several learned societies.
Irkutsk became the major center of intellectual and social life for these exiles, and much of the city's cultural heritage comes from them; also, many of their wooden houses, adorned with ornate, hand-carved decorations, survive today in stark contrast with the standard Soviet apartment blocks that surround them.
A cathedral (built of wood in 1693 and rebuilt of stone in 1718), the governor's palace, a school of medicine, a museum, a military hospital, and the crown factories are among the public institutions and buildings.
Irkutsk Oblast - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (297 words)
Irkutsk Oblast (Russian: Ирку́тская о́бласть) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast), located in south-eastern Siberia in the basins of Angara, Lena, and Nizhnyaya Tunguska rivers, and occupies an area of 767,900 km² (4.6% of Russia's territory).
Irkutsk Oblast borders with the Buryat and Tuva Republics in the south and south-west, the Krasnoyarsk Krai in the west, the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic in the northeast, and the Chita Oblast in the east.
Irkutsk is the administrative center, with a population of 594,500.
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