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Encyclopedia > Irish Defence Forces
Óglaigh na hÉireann
Irish Defence Forces
Military manpower
Military age 17 years of age
Availability males age 17-49: 977,092

females age 17-49: 978,465 (2005 est.) [1] Image File history File links Download high resolution version (693x689, 245 KB) Summary Official Irish Defence Forces Badge (Public Domain) Licensing Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ...

Fit for military service males age 17-49: 814,768

females age 17-49: 813,981 (2005 est.)

active troops 10,500
Military expenditures
Dollar figure $1.3 billion (FY00/07)
Percent of GDP 0.7% (FY00/07)

The Irish Defence Forces encompass the army, navy, air force and reserve forces of the Republic of Ireland. Their official title in Irish is Óglaigh na hÉireann. The President of Ireland is the formal Supreme Commander of the Defence Forces, but in practice they answer to the Irish Government via the Minister for Defence. The Defence Forces consist of the: This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... The multinational Combined Task Force One Five Zero (CTF-150) The British Grand Fleet, the supreme naval force of World War I A rare occurrence of a 5-country multinational fleet, during Operation Enduring Freedom in the Oman Sea. ... An air force, in some countries called an air army, is a military or armed service that primarily conducts aerial warfare. ... The only true Óglaigh na hÉireann is the Irish Republican Army, which is under the direction of the Continuity Army Council. ... -1... The Government (Irish: ) is the cabinet that exercises executive authority in the Republic of Ireland. ... The Minister for Defence is in charge of the Department of Defence in the Republic of Ireland. ...

Contents

The Irish Army (Irish: Arm na hÉireann) is the main branch of the Irish Defence Forces[1] (Óglaigh na hÉireann). ... The Irish Naval Service (in Irish: Seirbhís Chabhlaigh na hÉireann or just An tSeirbhís Chabhlaigh for the Naval Service) is the navy of the Republic of Ireland and is one of the three standing branches of the Irish Defence Forces[1] (Óglaigh na hÉireann). ... The Irish Air Corps (in Irish: Aer Chór na hÉireann) provides the air defence function of Oglaigh na hÉireann (the Irish Defence Forces), in support of the Army and Naval Service, together with such other roles as may be assigned by the Government (e. ... The Reserve Defence Forces is the title given to the reserve components of the Irish Defence Forces. ... The Army Reserve (Irish: Cúltaca an Airm), formerly known as An Fórsa Cosanta Áitiúil (FCÁ), is the reserve force of the Irish Army. ... Naval Service Reserve (NSR) (or Cúltaca Na Seirbhíse Cabhlaigh in Irish) is the second line reserve of the Irish Naval Service. ...

Role

The Republic of Ireland's favourable geographical location, on the north-west border of the European Union, makes any external threat or future invasion unlikely. The state has a long-standing policy of non-belligerence in armed conflicts that included neutrality in World War II. For these reasons, the Republic's military capacity is relatively modest. However, the state has a long history of involvement in United Nations peace-keeping operations. Functions of the Defence Forces include: Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The foundation of the U.N. The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. ... Peacekeeping is a way to help countries torn by conflict create conditions for sustainable peace. ...

  • Preparation for the defence of the state against armed attack.
  • Assisting the Garda Síochána (police force), including the protection of the internal security of the state.
  • Peace-keeping, crisis management and humanitarian relief operations in support of the United Nations.
  • Policing the fisheries, in accordance with the state's obligations under European Union agreements.
  • Miscellaneous civil contingency duties requested by the Government such as search and rescue, air ambulance provision, providing secure air transport for ministers, assistance in the event of natural and other disasters, ensuring the maintenance of essential services, and assisting in dealing with oil pollution at sea.

Garda Síochána na hÉireann (pronounced ; Irish for Peace Guard of Ireland, often rendered[1] as The Guardians of the Peace of Ireland) is the police force of the Republic of Ireland. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Commissioned Officer and Senior NCO Bronze Cap Badge. ...

History

The Defence Forces trace their origins to the Irish Volunteers founded in 1913. This organisation was succeeded in 1919 by the Irish Republican Army (IRA), the guerrilla organisation that fought the Anglo-Irish War against the government of the United Kingdom which is more popularly known as the War of Independence. Shortly after the creation of the Irish Free State in 1922, the IRA was officially succeeded by the modern Defence Forces. The Irish title Óglaigh na hÉireann, that had previously been used by both the Irish Volunteers and the IRA, was kept by the Defence Forces. This title is also claimed by the Provisional IRA and a number of smaller militant groups for the same reason. The Defence Forces strongly object to this usage [2] and it is illegal to be a member of a group falsely styling itself "Óglaigh na hÉireann". Irish Volunteers - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... This article is about the historical army of the Irish Republic (1919–1922) which fought in the Irish War of Independence 1919–21, and the Irish Civil War 1922–23. ... An Irish War of Independence memorial in Dublin The Anglo-Irish War (also known as the Irish War of Independence) was a guerrilla campaign mounted against the British government in Ireland by the Irish Republican Army under the proclaimed legitimacy of the First Dáil, the extra-legal Irish parliament... Territory of the Irish Free State Capital Dublin Language(s) Irish, English Government Constitutional monarchy Monarch  - 1922–1936 George V  - 1936–1936 George VI President of the Executive Council  - 1922–1932 W.T. Cosgrave  - 1932–1937 Eamon de Valera Legislature Oireachtas  - Upper house Seanad Éireann  - Lower house Dáil Éireann... The only true Óglaigh na hÉireann is the Irish Republican Army, which is under the direction of the Continuity Army Council. ... The Provisional Irish Republican Army (Irish: Óglaigh na hÉireann) (IRA; also referred to as the PIRA, the Provos, or by some of its supporters as the Army or the RA.[2]) is an Irish Republican, left wing[3] paramilitary organisation that, until the Belfast Agreement, sought to end Northern...


Army

Main article: Irish Army

Today approximately 8,500 men and women serve in the Irish Army[3] (13,000 in the army reserve). The country is divided into three areas for administrative and operational reasons, and in each area there is an infantry Brigade. The Irish Army (Irish: Arm na hÉireann) is the main branch of the Irish Defence Forces[1] (Óglaigh na hÉireann). ... The Irish Army (Irish: Arm na hÉireann) is the main branch of the Irish Defence Forces[1] (Óglaigh na hÉireann). ...


In addition to the Brigades Structure, there is also a Defence Forces Training Centre (DFTC), a Logistic Base in the Curragh and a number of special establishments such as the Equitation School, Army Bands, and the Army Ranger Wing. In the case of Corps which support the Infantry, a Corps Director and staff are provided to coordinate the purchase of specialised equipment, the execution of specialised training, etc.


The three brigade group structure envisages distinct operational areas of responsibility for each of the brigades. One has primary responsibility for operational tasks in the border area, the second for operational tasks in the greater Dublin and Leinster area and the third for operational tasks in Munster and part of the Connacht area. Practical operational considerations dictate the requirement to outline operational areas of responsibility. The brigade group structure is based on strengthened combat and combat support elements and streamlined combat service support elements. Since 1989 the Irish Defence Forces have adopted the Steyr AUG Assault Rifle as the Personnel Standard Weapon,which fires 5.56mm NATO Rounds. Steyr AUG is a family of firearms, first introduced in 1977 by the Austrian company Steyr Mannlicher. ...


Air Corps

Main article: Irish Air Corps

At present the Irish Air Corps is unable to fulfill the role of an air force in defending Irish airspace. This has been removed from its remit as has SAR (search and rescue) which is carried out by privately flown Department of the Marine Sikorskys. However the Air Corps fulfills many other important roles that the State needs. The Air Corps HQ is at Baldonnel Airdrome. The Air Corps is the smallest of the branches of the Defence Forces with approximately 939 personnel. The Irish Air Corps (in Irish: Aer Chór na hÉireann) provides the air defence function of Oglaigh na hÉireann (the Irish Defence Forces), in support of the Army and Naval Service, together with such other roles as may be assigned by the Government (e. ...


The primary roles of the Air Corps are now defined as:

  1. In support of the Army
  2. In support of the Naval Service
  3. In aid to the Civil Power

There are two secondary roles:

  1. Aid to Civil Community
  2. Aid to Government departments

The Air Corps' two maritime patrol aircraft[4] are equipped with state of the art detection systems and assist the Naval Service in policing Irish territorial waters, the Air Corps has been instrumental in many of the successful interceptions at sea. These aircraft are also used for HALO (High-Altitute, Low-Opening) parachuting by the elite Army Ranger Wing. The Irish Army Ranger Wing (or Sciathán Fiannóglach na hAirm in Irish) is the special forces unit of the Irish Defence Forces. ...


Naval Service

Main article: Irish Naval Service

The Naval Service has the difficult task of not only policing Irish territorial waters but also the Irish box which is an immense area of sea in which fishing is restricted in order to preserve numbers. The Naval Service is tasked with enforcing this EU protected area and thus serves the EU as well as Ireland. The Irish Naval Service (in Irish: Seirbhís Chabhlaigh na hÉireann or just An tSeirbhís Chabhlaigh for the Naval Service) is the navy of the Republic of Ireland and is one of the three standing branches of the Irish Defence Forces[1] (Óglaigh na hÉireann). ...


There have been a number of interceptions of vessels carrying narcotics to and from Ireland; these have involved co-operation with the Air Corps and Coast Guard. The Naval Service maintains highly trained armed boarding parties that can seize a vessel if necessary. All of the naval vessels are armed with enough fire-power to enforce their policing roles.


Due to Ireland's geographical location the Naval Service does not need to possess large warships or carriers since they would be of little use and Ireland's defence policy is realistic to the security threats posed to Ireland. The Naval Service maintains a complement of about 1,144 personnel.


Roles:

  • 1-Fishery Protection
  • 2-Aid to the Civil Power
  • 3-Drug Interdiction
  • 4-Maritime Safety
  • 5-Diving Operations
  • 6-Pollution Control
  • 7-Overseas Mission Support
The patrol vessel, Emer (P21).

The Navy has eight offshore patrol vessels: Image File history File links LÉ_Emer_(P21). ... Image File history File links LÉ_Emer_(P21). ... LÉ Emer (P21) is a ship in the Irish Naval Service. ...

  • Emer (P21)
  • Aoife (P22)
  • Aisling (P23)
  • Eithne (P31)
  • Orla (P41)
  • Ciara (P42)
  • Niamh (P52)
  • Róisín (P51)

LÉ Emer (P21) is a ship in the Irish Naval Service. ... LÉ Aoife (P22) is a ship in the Irish Naval Service. ... LÉ Aisling (P23) is a ship in the Irish Naval Service. ... LÉ Eithne (P31) is a ship in the Irish Naval Service. ... LÉ Orla (P41) is a ship in the Irish Naval Service. ... LÉ Ciara (P42) is a ship in the Irish Naval Service. ... LÉ Niamh (P52) is a ship in the Irish Naval Service. ... LÉ Róisín (P51) is a ship in the Irish Naval Service. ...

See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Ireland This page aims to list articles related to the island of Ireland. ... Politics of Ireland (the Republic of Ireland) takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the Taoiseach (Prime Minister) is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. ... The History of Ireland began with the first known human settlement in Ireland around 8000 BC, when hunter-gatherers arrived from Britain and continental Europe, probably via a land bridge. ... The Irish Army (Irish: Arm na hÉireann) is the main branch of the Irish Defence Forces[1] (Óglaigh na hÉireann). ... The Irish Army Ranger Wing (or Sciathán Fiannóglach na hAirm in Irish) is the special forces unit of the Irish Defence Forces. ... The Emergency was an official euphemism used by the Irish Government (of the State now known as the Republic of Ireland) during the 1940s to refer to its position during World War II. The State was officially neutral during World War II and in government media, direct references to the... List of aircraft of the Irish Air Corps Martinsyde A1 Mk II RAE SE5a Bristol F2B Martinsyde Buzzard de Havilland DH9 Avro 504K Fairey IIIF Vickers Vespa de Havilland Moth Avro Tutor Avro 626 Avro Cadet Avro 636 de Havilland Dragon II Supermarine Walrus Avro Anson I, C19 Miles Magister... The Irish Army deafness claims were a series of personal injury claims taken against the Government of Ireland by members of the Irish Defence Forces. ... The Organisation of National Ex-Servicemen & Women (Irish: Óglaigh Náisiúnta Na hÉireann Teoranta) is a support organisation for ex-service personnel of the Irish Defence Services. ...

External links

  • Official website

Footnotes

  1. ^ The Permanent Defence Forces (of Ireland) are the standing branches of the Irish Defence Forces, and are sometimes referred to as the PDF, the P.D.F. and the Permanent Forces.
  2. ^ The Reserve Defence Forces (of Ireland) are sometimes referred to as the RDF, the R.D.F., the Reserve Forces and the Reserves.
  3. ^
  4. ^ The two maritime patrol aircraft are CASA CN-235; see the table at Irish Air Corps#Aircraft for more information.

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