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Encyclopedia > Iridocyclitis

Iridocyclitis, also known as anterior uveitis, is a condition in which the uvea of the eye suffers inflammation.


Symptoms include photophobia, redness, watering of the eyes, lacrimation, constriction of the pupil, and blurred vision. Iridocyclitis is usually caused by direct exposure of the eyes to chemicals, particularly lacrimators. It can be effectively treated with tropane alkaloids or steroids.


There are six classifications of iridocyclitis.


Acute or Chronic

  • Acute: sudden symptomatic onset, lasting no more than six weeks.

Exogenous or Endogenous

  • Exogenous: related to external damage to the uvea or invasion of external microbes.
  • Endogenous: related to internal microbes.

Granulomatous or Non-granulomatous

  • Granulomatous: accompanied by large keratotic precipitates.
  • Non-granulomatous: accompanied by smaller keratotic precipitates.

Treatment



To immobilize the iris and decrease pain, one may find tropane alkaloids effective, particularly scopolamine and atropine in .25% and 1% concentrations respectively. Topical steroids may be used to decrease inflammation, particularly prednisolone and dexamethasone.


See also: inflammation, uvea


  Results from FactBites:
 
Medical Dictionary: Iridocyclitis - WrongDiagnosis.com (403 words)
Iridocyclitis: Acute or chronic inflammation of the iris and ciliary body characterized by exudates into the anterior chamber, discoloration of the iris, and constricted, sluggish pupil.
Iridocyclitis : acute or chronic inflammation of the iris and ciliary body characterized by exudates into the anterior chamber, discoloration of the iris, and constricted, sluggish pupil; symptoms include radiating pain, photophobia, lacrimation, and interference with vision.
Iridocyclitis is listed as a "rare disease" by the Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH).
Iridocyclitis - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (177 words)
Iridocyclitis, a type of anterior uveitis, is a condition in which the uvea of the eye suffers inflammation.
Iridocyclitis is usually caused by direct exposure of the eyes to chemicals, particularly lacrimators.
Chronic iridocyclitis is usually associated with systemic disorders including ankylosing spondylitis, Beh├žet's syndrome, inflammatory bowel disease, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, Reiter's syndrome, sarcoidosis, syphilis, tuberculosis, and Lyme disease.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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