Iridocyclitis, also known as anterior uveitis, is a condition in which the uvea of the eye suffers inflammation.
Symptoms include photophobia, redness, watering of the eyes, lacrimation, constriction of the pupil, and blurred vision. Iridocyclitis is usually caused by direct exposure of the eyes to chemicals, particularly lacrimators. It can be effectively treated with tropane alkaloids or steroids.
Exogenous: related to external damage to the uvea or invasion of external microbes.
Endogenous: related to internal microbes.
Granulomatous or Non-granulomatous
Granulomatous: accompanied by large keratotic precipitates.
Non-granulomatous: accompanied by smaller keratotic precipitates.
To immobilize the iris and decrease pain, one may find tropane alkaloids effective, particularly scopolamine and atropine in .25% and 1% concentrations respectively. Topical steroids may be used to decrease inflammation, particularly prednisolone and dexamethasone.
Iridocyclitis: Acute or chronicinflammation of the iris and ciliary body characterized by exudates into the anterior chamber, discoloration of the iris, and constricted, sluggish pupil.
Iridocyclitis : acute or chronicinflammation of the iris and ciliary body characterized by exudates into the anterior chamber, discoloration of the iris, and constricted, sluggish pupil; symptoms include radiating pain, photophobia, lacrimation, and interference with vision.
Iridocyclitis is listed as a "rare disease" by the Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH).
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