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Encyclopedia > Iraqi Communist Party
Iraq

Flag of Iraq
This article is part of the series:
Politics of Iraq,
Subseries of the Politics series Subject: New flag of Iraq Source: Encyclopædia Britannica File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Politics of Iraq includes the social relations involving authority or power in Iraq. ... Look up Politics in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Politics (disambiguation) Democracy History of democracy List of democracy and elections-related topics List of years in politics List of politics by country articles Political corruption Political economy Political movement Political parties of the world Political party Political psychology Political sociology Political...

Ratified constitution
Iraqi Transitional Government
President: Jalal Talabani
Prime Minister: Ibrahim al-Jaafari
Political parties in Iraq
National Assembly
Elections in Iraq
Legislative: Jan 2005 Dec 2005
The current constitution of Iraq was approved by an October 15, 2005 ratification vote. ... The Iraqi Transitional Government replaced the Iraqi Interim Government of 2004. ... The President of Iraq is Iraqs head of state and chief of government. ... Jalal Talabani (in Arabic: jalâl at-tâlabânî) (born 1933), Iraqi politician, was named President of Iraq on April 6, 2005 by the Iraqi National Assembly. ... The Prime Minister of Iraq is Iraqs head of government. ... Ibrahim al-Jaafari Dr Ibrahim al-َAshaiqir al-Jaafari (إبراهيم الأشيقر الجعفري) (born 1947) is the new Prime Minister of Iraq in the Iraqi Transitional Government following the elections of January 2005. ... This article lists political parties in Iraq. ... The Iraqi National Assembly is the unicameral parliament of Iraq which meets in the Iraqi capital, Baghdad. ... Elections in Iraq gives information on election and election results in Iraq. ... Iraqi police officers hold up their index fingers marked with purple indelible ink, a security measure to prevent double voting. ... Following the ratification of the constitution of Iraq on October 15, 2005, a general election was called for 15 December to elect a permanent 275-member Iraqi National Assembly The elections will take place under a list system whereby voters choose from a list of parties and coalitions. ...

Ratification vote

See also: Kurdish Autonomous Region The electorate of Iraq went to the polls on 15 October 2005 to vote in a referendum on whether or not to ratify the proposed Iraqi constitution of 2005. ... The Kurdish Autonomous Region (Başûrê Kurdistanê in Kurdish) is a political entity established in 1970 following the agreement of an Autonomy Accord between the government of Iraq and leaders of the Iraqi Kurdish community. ...

Politics portal

Since its foundation in 1934, the Iraqi Communist Party (in Arabic: الحزب الشيوعي العراقي) has dominated the left in Iraqi politics. It played a fundamental role in shaping the political history of Iraq between its foundation and the 1970s. The Party was involved in many of the most important national uprisings and demonstrations of the 1940s and 1950s. It suffered heavily from 1978 under the repressive regime of Saddam Hussein, but remained an important element of the Iraqi opposition, and was a vocal opponent of the United Nations sanctions imposed on Iraq after the Kuwait War of 1991. It opposed the United States invasion of Iraq in 2003 but since then has participated in the new political institutions. It received little support in the Iraqi general elections of 2005. 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Arabic language (; , less formally, ) is the largest member of the Semitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family (classification: South Central Semitic) and is closely related to Hebrew and Aramaic. ... In politics, left-wing, political left, leftism, or simply the left, are terms which refer (with no particular precision) to the segment of the political spectrum typically associated with any of several strains of socialism, social democracy, or liberalism (especially in the American sense of the word), or with opposition... Politics of Iraq includes the social relations involving authority or power in Iraq. ... 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1978 calendar). ... Saddam Hussein Wikinews has news related to this article: Saddam Hussein Saddām Hussein Ê»Abd al-MajÄ«d al-TikrÄ«ti, sometimes spelled Hussayn or Hussain; (Arabic صدام حسين عبد المجيد التكريتي; born April 28, 1937 ) was President and ruler of Iraq from 1979 until his removal and capture after the 2003 invasion of Iraq. ... There have been three conflicts in the late 20th century and early 21st century called the Persian Gulf War; two are occasionally referred to as the Second Gulf War: Persian Gulf War (1990-1991) (aka First Gulf War, Second Gulf War). ... 1991 (MCMXCI) is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The 2003 Invasion of Iraq began on March 20 comprising United States and United Kingdom forces (98%), and several other nations. ... 2003 (MMIII) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Iraqi police officers hold up their index fingers marked with purple indelible ink, a security measure to prevent double voting. ... 2005 (MMV) is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Contents


Fahd's leadership and after

In 1941 Fahd, the party name of Yusuf Salman Yusuf, became secretary of the party, and set about revamping the organisation and expanding membership among the working classes. He successfully laid the basis for the mass party of later years, and under his leadership the party became a considerable force among the Iraqi working class and a major focus for protest against British involvement in Iraqi affairs. For the movie, see 1941 (film) 1941 (MCMXLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Yusuf Salman Yusuf (aka Comrade Fahd, 1901-1949) was a prominent leader of the Iraqi Communist Party. ...


In 1949, after the suppression of the revolutionary upsurge expressed in al-Wathbah (the Leap) of 1948, Fahd and two comrades were executed. The party recovered, and played a major role in the Intifada of 1952. In 1958, it supported the revolution and the new government of Abd al-Karim Qasim, who relied to a considerable degree on its support. 1949 (MCMXLIX) is a common year starting on Saturday. ... 1948 (MCMXLVIII) is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... Intifada (also Intefadah or Intifadah; from Arabic: انتفاضة shaking off) is an Arabic language term for uprising. It came into common usage in English as the popularised name for two recent Palestinian campaigns directed at ending the Israeli military occupation. ... 1952 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1958 was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Abdul Karim Qassim (or Abdel Karim Kassem or various other spellings) (1914_1963) was an Iraqi military officer involved in the 1958 military coup détat. ...


The party under Qasim, 1958-1963

The relationship between the party and Qasim was not an easy one. By the summer of 1959 the party had perhaps between 20,000 and 25,000 members. This, added to their ability to mobilise the masses and their penetration of the workforces in strategic industries, made Qasim fear the party's growing power. In July 1959, he ordered a minor crackdown on the party. It was unsure how to react. Some elements, around first secretary Husain al-Radi (also known as Salam 'Adil), suggested launching a coup, but the more conservative elements opposed this. In fact the party would continue to support Qasim, more or less critically, up until his overthrow in February 1963. In the last two years of his rule, Qasim greatly weaked the party by suppressing largely or completely most of its flanking organisations, including the Democratic Youth Federation and workers' and students' unions. By the time of the 1963 coup the increasingly unpopularity of Qasim, with whom the Communists were still linked in the public mind, coupled with the repressive measures he had adopted against them, had contributed to reducing the party's membership to under 10,000. 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Husain al-Radi (born 1924, Najaf – died 24 February 1963, Baghdad), also known as Hashiim, Ammar, and Salam Adil, was an Iraqi Communist politician as well as a poet and painter. ... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ...


The party under Baathist rule

The Ba'athist coup of 8 February 1963 was accompanied by street fighting as Communist activists and supporters resisted the coup attempt. Fighting in Baghdad continued for three days, concentrated in the party's strongholds in the poorer, mainly Shia, districts. When the Baath consolidated its power the ICP suffered an unprecedented campaign of mass physical liquidation. Leading figures and cadres of the Party were tortured to death, including Husain al-Radi. The total number of communists killed is unknown, but was certainly in the hundreds. Baath Party flag The Ba‘ath Parties (also spelled Baath or Ba‘th; Arabic: اﻟﺒﻌﺚ) comprise political parties representing the political face of the Ba‘ath movement. ... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ...


In 1967 Aziz al-Hajj split from the ICP, establishing the Iraqi Communist Party - Central Command, and initiated an armed struggle, which the ICP at the time opposed. 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In 1973 ICP secretary Aziz Muhammad signed a National Action Pact with President Hasan al-Bakr, forming a National Front together with the Ba'ath Party. The ICP was permitted to operate legally, publish and revive its flanking organisations. However, this was coupled with elements of repression, and by the autumn of 1974 the party tried to increase its security through a more clandestine mode of operation. In 1978 Saddam Hussein unleashed a renewed campaign of repression against the party, including the execution of large numbers of party members. In 1979 the party officially broke with the regime. 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday. ... General Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr (July 1, 1914 - October 4, 1982) was President of Iraq from 1968 to 1979. ... Bath Party flag The Arab Socialist Bath Party (also spelled Baath or Baath; Arabic: حزب البعث العربي الاشتراكي) was founded in 1945 as a radical, left-wing, secular Arab nationalist political party. ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) is a common year starting on Tuesday (click on link for calendar). ... 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1978 calendar). ... Saddam Hussein Wikinews has news related to this article: Saddam Hussein Saddām Hussein ʻAbd al-Majīd al-Tikrīti, sometimes spelled Hussayn or Hussain; (Arabic صدام حسين عبد المجيد التكريتي; born April 28, 1937 ) was President and ruler of Iraq from 1979 until his removal and capture after the 2003 invasion of Iraq. ... This page refers to the year 1979. ...


In 1993 the Kurdish branch of the party was transformed into a semi-autonomous party, the Kurdistan Communist Party. 1993 (MCMXCIII) is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... Kurds are one of the Iranian peoples and speak Kurdish, a north-Western Iranian language related to Persian. ... Kurdistan Communist Party (Kurdish: Partiya Komunîst Kurdistan) is a Kurdish splinter Party of the Iraqi Communist Party. ...


After the occupation of Iraq

The Iraqi Communist Party opposed the US invasion of Iraq in 2003 but decided to work with the new political institutions established after the occupation. Its secretary, Hamid Majid Mousa, accepted a position on the Interim Iraq Governing Council. The party was the principal component of the People's Union (Iraq) list for the general election on January 30, 2005 (see Iraqi legislative election, 2005) but filed separate lists in some governorate council elections (see for instance Ninawa governorate council election, 2005) 2003 (MMIII) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Hamid Majid Mousa was a member of the Interim Iraq Governing Council created following the United Statess 2003 invasion of Iraq. ... The Iraqi Governing Council. ... The Ittihad Al Shaab or Program of Peoples Unity is the communist party list in the 2005 Iraqi election. ... Iraqi police officers hold up their index fingers marked with purple indelible ink, a security measure to prevent double voting. ... The Governorate Council election in the Ninawa governate of Iraq was held on January 30, 2005, simultaneously with the national legislative election. ...


The party newspaper is Tariq ash-Shaab (Path of the People). It also publishes the magazine Al-Thakafa Al-Jedida (The New Culture [1]).


The youth wing of the party is the Iraqi Democratic Youth Federation. إتحاد الشبيبة الديمقراطي العراقي   IRAQI DEMOCRATIC YOUTH FEDERATION [email protected] ...


The motto of the party is a free country and a happy nation (Arabic: watanun hurrun wa sha'bun sa'id). The Arabic language (; , less formally, ) is the largest member of the Semitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family (classification: South Central Semitic) and is closely related to Hebrew and Aramaic. ...


See also

The following is a list of persons who served as Secretary or First Secretary of the Iraqi Communist Party, the partys primary leadership position. ... The Coordinating Committee of Communist Parties in Britain is a bureau within the CPB which meets with overseas communist parties that have memberships in Britain. ...

External link

  • ICP site
  • English ICP site
  • Tariq ash-Shaab

  Results from FactBites:
 
Iraqi Communist Party - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (898 words)
In 1993 the Kurdish branch of the party was transformed into a semi-autonomous party, the Kurdistan Communist Party.
The party was the principal component of the People's Union (Iraq) list for the general election on January 30, 2005 (see Iraqi legislative election, 2005) but filed separate lists in some governorate council elections (see for instance Ninawa governorate council election, 2005).
The youth wing of the party is the Iraqi Democratic Youth Federation.
Iraqi Communist Party joins Washington's puppet administration in Baghdad (3183 words)
ICP members who participated in a rally on July 14 to commemorate the overthrow of the Iraqi monarchy in 1958 were not so coy about the party’s policies.
Despite its false claims to be “socialist” and “communist”, the party was never based on the struggle for the political independence of the working class but, from the outset, sought to subordinate Iraqi workers to one or other wing of the national bourgeoisie.
When the ICP was formed in 1934 and affiliated to the Communist International, the Stalinist bureaucracy in Moscow had already denounced the basic program of Marxism—socialist internationalism—as “Trotskyism” and embraced instead the reactionary nationalist perspective of “Socialism in One Country”.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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