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Encyclopedia > Iranology

Iranology is an interdisciplinary field dealing with the study of Iranian cultural continent. It incorporates the study of history, literature, art and culture of Persia and modern-day Iran. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... For other uses of this term see: Persia (disambiguation) The Persian Empire is the name used to refer to a number of historic dynasties that have ruled the country of Persia (Iran). ...

Shahnameh
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Shahnameh

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Download high resolution version (635x877, 148 KB)Shahnameh This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Download high resolution version (635x877, 148 KB)Shahnameh This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ...


History of Iranology in Persia

Persian poet and thinker, Ferdowsi, is known as the founder of Iranology. In his master-piece Shahnameh, he tried to extensively address Persian culture, literature, art, history and anthropology. Ferdowsi Tousi (فردوسی طوسی in Persian) (more commonly transliterated Firdausi, Ferdosi or Ferdusi) (935–1020) is considered to be one of the greatest Persian poets to have ever lived. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Shahnama. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Persian literature is literature written in Persian. ... Iran is filled with tombs of poets and musicians, such as this one belonging to Rahi Moayeri. ... Anthropology (from the Greek word άνθρωπος, human or person) consists of the study of humanity (see genus Homo). ...


In 9th century, Persian historian Jarir Al-Tabari|Jarir e Tabari made a distinct contribution to Iranology with his book entitled History of the Prophets and Kings, which covers historical events till AD 915. Tarikh-e Mas'oudi by Persian historian and author Abolfazl Beyhaghi (995-1077), is one the most creditable sources about the Ghaznavid Empire, and his fluent prose style has made the book considerable in Persian literature too. Abolfazl Beyhaghi (995-1077; Abd ul-Fazl Mohammad Ibn Hossein Beyhaği) was an Iranian historian and author. ... The Ghaznavid Empire was a state in the region of todays Afghanistan that existed from 963 to 1187. ... Persian literature is literature written in Persian. ...


Persian historian Ata Malek Joveyni was the first of several brilliant representatives of Persian historiography who flourished during the period of Mongol domination in Iran (1220–1336). Joveyni's magnum opus, the Tarikh-i jehan-gusha, is one of the most important works of Persian historiography.[1] Alaiddin Ata-ul-Mulk Juvayni (1226 - 1283) was a Persian historian who wrote the famous Tarikh-i-Jehan Ghusha (finished in 1259CE). ...


Sharaf ad-Din 'Ali Yazdi was one of the greatest of 15th-century Persia. The work for which he is best known is the Zafernameh (The Book of Victory). It is a history of the world conqueror Timur (Tamerlane; 1370–1405) and was probably based on the history of the same name by Nizam ad-Din Shami, a work written at Timur's request.[2]


Iranology in modern Iran

Tehran University established several Iranology chairs, as ancient Iranian linguistics and culture, Persian literature, history and archeology. Many prominet figures hold these chairs during last century such as Abdolhossein Zarrinkoub, Ahmad Tafazzoli, Jaleh Amouzegar and Badrozzaman Gharib. The University of Tehran (دانشگاه تهران in Persian), also known as Tehran University, is the oldest and largest university of Iran. ... This article deals with the linguistic family of the Iranian languages, a sub-branch of the Indo-European languages. ... ... Ahmad Tafazzoli was a prominent persian Iranologist and master of ancient Iranian literature and culture. ...

A.H. Zarrinkoub, Persian historian
A.H. Zarrinkoub, Persian historian

Early in 20th century a huge project was started by Iranian linguist and historian Allameh Dehkhoda. His encyclopedic collection is the largest comprehensive Persian dictionary ever published, in 15 volumes (26000 pages). Ali Akbar Dekhoda (علی‌اکبر دهخدا in Persian; 1879–March 9, 1959) was a prominent Iranian linguist, and author of the most extensive dictionary of the Persian language ever published. ...


Throughout history, there were several publications on Iranology, among them Sokhan, Yaqma, Rahnamay e Ketab and Kelk were considered the most significant. Kelk was founded by Ali Dehbashi and very soon became one of the most prestigious Iranology journal in the world. Bokhara Magazine (Kelk under a new name) is today the most most reputable Iranology journal. Ali Dehbashi and Iraj Afshar are main editors of the journal who put significant effort in promoting Iranology during last few decades.[3]


Iranology in Europe

University of Goetinggen is the pioneer of Iranology in the West. In 2003 the hundredth anniversary of Iranology Department was held at Gottingen University. Among European countres, Germany contributed most to Iranology and Persian studies.[4] The Georg-August University of Göttingen (Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, often called the Georgia Augusta) was founded in 1734 by George II, King of Great Britain and Elector of Hanover, and opened in 1737. ...


European Iranologist Society has many international meetings in its periodical conferences in different universities and scientific centers all over the world.

Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Seal of Darius I, showing the king hunting on his chariot, and the symbol of Ahuramazda Darius the Great (Pers. ...

Iranology in United States

Serious studies of Iranology and instruction of Persian language were launched in the United States in 1958. Iranology department were founded in numerous American universities as Stanford University and Columbia University. The Leland Stanford Junior University, commonly known as Stanford University (or simply Stanford), is a private university in Stanford, California, USA. Located approximately 37 miles (60 kilometers) southeast of San Francisco in an unincorporated part of Santa Clara County adjacent to the city of Palo Alto, Stanford lies at the... Columbia University is a private university in the Morningside Heights neighborhood of Manhattan, New York City and a member of the Ivy League. ...


Encyclopedia Iranica which is the most reputable source of Iranian culture has been initiated in Coloumbia University. Prominent Iranologists as Richard Nelson Frye have been involved in this project. In fact it is the only precise and reliable reference work on the lands, life, culture and history of all Iranian peoples and their interaction with other societies.[5] Encyclopædia Iranica is a project of Columbia Universitys Center for Iranian Studies to create a comprehensive and authoritiative English language encyclopedia about the history and culture of Iran and Persia. ... Richard Nelson Frye is a well known scholar of Central Asian studies, and emeritus Aga Khan Professor of Iranian studies at Harvard University. ... This article is about an ethno-linguistic group of people. ...


References

  • Encyclopedia Iranica, Columbia University.
  • A step toward developing Iranology researches, Khosrow Naghed.[6]
  • Chelle ie Bokhara, Mehdi Jami (2005)[7]

See also

For other uses of this term see: Persia (disambiguation) The Persian Empire is the name used to refer to a number of historic dynasties that have ruled the country of Persia (Iran). ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Encyclopædia Iranica is a project of Columbia Universitys Center for Iranian Studies to create a comprehensive and authoritiative English language encyclopedia about the history and culture of Iran and Persia. ...

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