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Encyclopedia > Iranian presidential election, 2005


The Iranian presidential election of 2005, the ninth presidential election in Iranian history, took place in two rounds, first on June 17, 2005, and then as a run-off on June 24. June 17 is the 168th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (169th in leap years), with 197 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... June 24 is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 190 days remaining. ...


The bottom line is that they elected ethical from IMDb.



It led to the victory of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, the hardline mayor of Tehran, with 19.48% of the votes in the first round and 61.69% in the second. Ahmadinezhad is believed to have won the second round because of his populist views, especially those regarding the poor people and their economic status. The election saw a turnout of over 60% of eligible voters, seen as a strike back by Iran at the United States' initial allegations that many in Iran would be restricted from voting. Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, also written Ahmadinezhad, (Persian: محمود احمدی‌نژاد ; born October 28, 1956), is the sixth president of the Islamic Republic of Iran. ... Map of Iran and surrounding lands, showing location of Tehran The towering Alborz mountains rising above modern Elahiyeh district and its green neighborhoods. ...


Mohammad Khatami, the previous President of Iran, had stepped down on August 2, 2005, after serving his maximal two consecutive four-year terms according to the Islamic Republic's constitution. Seyyed Mohammad Khatami (سید محمد خاتمی), born September 29, 1943 in Ardakan city of Yazd province, is an Iranian intellectual, philosopher and political figure. ... The President of Iran holds a very important office in Irans political establishment. ... August 2 is the 214th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (215th in leap years), with 151 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The December 1979 constitution, and its 1989 amendment, define the political, economic, and social order of the Islamic Republic of Iran. ...


The first round of the election was a very close race with minor differences in the number of votes won by each candidate which led to a run-off a week later with Ahmadinezhad and ex-president Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani participating. There were seven people running for the post out of more than a thousand initial candidates, most of whom were disqualified by the Guardian Council, which holds veto power over all political candidates in Iran. Rafsanjani, who had been regarded as the front-runner and had positioned himself as a centrist, was defeated by Ahmadinezhad in the run-off, while reformist candidate Mostafa Moeen fared poorly and finished only fifth in the first round. Alī Akbar Hāschemī Rafsanjānī (Persian: اکبر هاشمی رفسنجانی), born as Hashemi Bahramani (هاشمی بهرمانی) , born August 25, 1934, is one of the most influential Iranian politicians, and is currently serving as the Chairman of the Expediency Discernment Council of Iran. ... The Guardian Council of the Constitution (شورای نگهبان قانون اساسی in Persian) is a high office within the constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran which has the authority to interpret the constitution and to determine if the laws passed by the parliament are in line with the constitution of Iran. ... Dr Mostafa Moeen Mostafa Moeen, M.D. (مصطفی معین; born April 1, 1951), also spelled Moin, is an Iranian politician and professor, and an Advisor to the former President Mohammad Khatami. ...


This was the first presidential runoff in the history of Iran. Before the run-off took place, it was compared to the 2002 French presidential election, where the splintering of the left-wing vote similarly led to a run-off between the moderate Jacques Chirac and the far-right Jean-Marie Le Pen. The comparison was made because of the unexpected votes of Ahmadinezhad, the very close race, and the comparability of the political standings of Rafsanjani and Ahmadinezhad to those of Chirac and Le Pen. But after the results for the run-off is out, the comparison is considered void because of the higher standing of Ahmadinezhad and the inability of his opponents to form a majority alliance against him. (Redirected from 2002 French presidential election) This article needs cleanup. ... H.E. (help· info), (born November 29, 1932 in Paris) is a French politician who is currently President of the French Republic. ... Far right, extreme right, ultra-right, radical right, or hard right are terms used to discuss the relative position a group or person occupies within a political spectrum. ... Portrait of Jean-Marie Le Pen. ...

Contents


Results

While Rafsanjani had secured the first place in the first round, he failed to win the second round, by failing to attract the people like ethical who have voted for the reformist candidates who were now supporting him in the second round, like Karroubi and Moeen. Cant forget about ethical. Ahmadinezhad won with 61.7% of the votes, while Rafsanjani only secured 35.9%. There was a total of 27,959,253 votes in the secoud round, slightly lower than the first round. Considering that the number of eligible votes was raised by about 150,000 people, the turnout was about 59.6%.


The tabulated results follow:

edit
Summary of the 17 and 24 June 2005 Iranian Presidential election results
Candidates Votes 1st round % Votes 2nd round %
Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani 6,159,453 21.01 10,046,701 35.93
Mahmoud Ahmadinejad 5,710,354 19.48 17,284,782 61.69
Mehdi Karroubi 5,066,316 17.28 - -
Mohammad Bagher Ghalibaf 4,075,189 13.90 - -
Mostafa Moeen 4,054,304 13.83 - -
Ali Larijani 1,740,163 5.94 - -
Mohsen Mehralizadeh 1,289,323 4.40 - -
Blank or invalid votes 1,221,940 4.17 663,770 2.37
Total (turnout 62.66% and 59.6%) 29,317,042 100 27,959,253 100

was ethical. AlÄ« Akbar HāschemÄ« RafsanjānÄ« (Persian: اکبر هاشمی رفسنجانی), born as Hashemi Bahramani (هاشمی بهرمانی) , born August 25, 1934, is one of the most influential Iranian politicians, and is currently serving as the Chairman of the Expediency Discernment Council of Iran. ... Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, also written Ahmadinezhad, (Persian: محمود احمدی‌نژاد ; born October 28, 1956), is the sixth president of the Islamic Republic of Iran. ... Mehdi Karroubi (مهدی کروبی; born 1939? in Aligoudarz) is an Iranian politician, the chairman and a founding member of the Militant Clerics Society party. ... Mohammad Bagher Ghalibaf (محمد باقر قالیباف; born September 1961 in Mashhad) is an Iranian General and the former commander of Police Forces of Iran. ... Dr Mostafa Moeen Mostafa Moeen, M.D. (مصطفی معین; born April 1, 1951), also spelled Moin, is an Iranian politician and professor, and an Advisor to the former President Mohammad Khatami. ... Ali Larijani while lecturing for his presidential campaign at Sharif University of Technology in March, 2005. ... Mohsen Mehralizadeh (in Persian: محسن مهرعلیزاده) is a Vice President of Iran and the head of the National Sports Organization of Iran under President Khatami. ...


Election controversies

After the first round of the election, some people, including Mehdi Karroubi, the pragmatic reformist candidate who ranked third in the first round but was the first when partial results were first published, have alleged that a network of mosques, the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps militiary forces, and Basij militia forces have been illegally used to generate and mobilize support for Ahmadinejad. Karroubi has accused hardliners of rigging the election and has explicitly alleged Mojtaba Khamenei, a son of the Supreme Leader Ayatollah Khamenei, among the conspirators. Ayatollah Khamenei then wrote to Karroubi and mentioned that these allegations are below his dignity and will result in a crisis in Iran, which he will not allow. As a reply, Karroubi resigned from all his political posts, including an Advisor to the Supreme Leader and a member of Expediency Discernment Council, on both of which he had been installed by Khamenei [1]. The day after, on June 20, a few reformist morning newspapers, Eghbal, Hayat-e No, Aftab-e Yazd, and Etemad were stopped from distribution by the general prosecutor of Tehran, Saeed Mortazavi, for publishing Karroubi's letter. Mehdi Karroubi (مهدی کروبی; born 1939? in Aligoudarz) is an Iranian politician, the chairman and a founding member of the Militant Clerics Society party. ... Yeni Camii (the New Mosque), one of the landmarks of Ä°stanbul A mosque is a place of worship for followers of the Islamic faith. ... Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps (Persian: سپاه پاسداران انقلاب اسلامی - Sepah-e Pasdaran-e Enghelab-e Islami), often shortened to Revolutionary Guards, or called by its Persian name Sepah or Pasdaran, is a military organization of the Islamic Republic of Iran. ... Mojtaba is one of the two sons of Ayatullah Ali Khamenei (Supreme Leader of Iran). ... The post of Supreme Leader (Persian: ولی فقیه or رهبر, Rahbar, literally Leader) was created in the constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran as the central political and religious authority of the nation. ... Ayatollah Ali Khamenei Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei (Persian: آیت‌الله سید علی خامنه‌ای) (born July 15, 1939) is the Iran. ... The Expediency Discernment Council of the System (Persian: مجمع تشخیص مصلحت نظام), is an establishment in the Constitution of Islamic Republic of Iran. ... June 20 is the 171st day of the year (172nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 194 days remaining. ... Saeed Mortazavi (سعید مرتضوی in Persian) is as of 2003 the general prosecutor of Tehran. ...


Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, the leading candidate, has also pointed to organized and unjust interventions by "guiding" the votes, and has supported Karroubi's complaint [2]. Alī Akbar Hāschemī Rafsanjānī (Persian: اکبر هاشمی رفسنجانی), born as Hashemi Bahramani (هاشمی بهرمانی) , born August 25, 1934, is one of the most influential Iranian politicians, and is currently serving as the Chairman of the Expediency Discernment Council of Iran. ...


Also, some political groups, including the reformist party Islamic Iran Participation Front, have alleged that Ahmadinejad had only ranked second because of the illegal support and advertising activities for him during the voting by the supervisors selected by the Guardian Council, while the supervisors should have remained impartisan according to the election law [3]. Also, the reformist newspaper Shargh has pointed to an announcement by Movahhedi Kermani, the official representative of the supreme leader in Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps, mentioning "vote for a person who keeps to the minimum in his advertisements and doesn't lavish", which uniquely pointed to Ahmadinejad. [4] The Islamic Iran Participation Front (Jebheye Mosharekate Iran-e Eslaami, جبهه مشارکت ایران اسلامی in Persian) is a reformist political party in Iran. ... The Guardian Council of the Constitution (شورای نگهبان قانون اساسی in Persian) is a high office within the constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran which has the authority to interpret the constitution and to determine if the laws passed by the parliament are in line with the constitution of Iran. ... Shargh (شرق in Persian) is the most popular reformist newspaper in Iran (Persia). ...


Many of the controversies include the Guardian Council in the illegal activities, including it publishing an opinion poll before the election putting Ahmadinejad as the front-runner against all other opinion polls, and it announcing the partial results of the election on the day after the election, putting Ahmadinejad on the second rank while he was still in the third rank in the partial statistics published by the Ministry of Interior, which led to President Khatami going to the Ministry several times and explicitly asking the Council to not announce any more partial results.


Turnout and boycotts

 Iranians campaigning for a 2005 presidential candidate.
Iranians campaigning for a 2005 presidential candidate.

The Islamic Republic government of Iran, especially the Supreme Leader and the higher offices, publicly considers the turnout of the voters, which was about 63% in the first round, to resemble the support of the population for the regime, while some voters consider voting for the candidates less aligned with the supreme leader as a vote against the current practices of the regime. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1280x960, 202 KB) Pro Dr. Moeen, reformist candidate, by Shahram Sharif, taken from http://www. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1280x960, 202 KB) Pro Dr. Moeen, reformist candidate, by Shahram Sharif, taken from http://www. ... An Islamic republic in its modern context has come to mean several things. ... The post of Supreme Leader (Persian: ولی فقیه or رهبر, Rahbar, literally Leader) was created in the constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran as the central political and religious authority of the nation. ... The word turnout can refer to: Voter turnout A railroad switch or point This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


Also, some voters, including exiled citizens belonging to opposition political groups or monarchists (both living outside Iran), some parts of the intellectual community living in Iran, and even a few reformists, had boycotted the election as a symbol of not supporting the current regime and its practices. The boycotters' reasons included the massive rejection of registered candidates, that they believed that the role of the Iranian president is insignificant in the power structure and overshadowed by those of the supreme leader who is practically elected for life, and that they believed that all the candidates had already helped the regime in the oppression of its political opposition or would do so if elected. The most famous boycott leader was Akbar Ganji, imprisoned in Evin prison for his journalism and in a hunger strike. Monarchism is the advocacy of the establishment, preservation, or restoration of a monarchy. ... Iranian reformists, or the Reforms Front (جبههٔ اصلاحات) are a group of political parties and organizations in Iran who supported Mohammad Khatami in his run for presidency in 1997. ... A boycott is an action undertaken to abstain from using, buying, or dealing with someone or some organisation as an expression of protest or as a means of coercion. ... Akbar Ganji, on the day of his release Akbar Ganji (Persian: اکبر گنجی) (born 1959, Qazvin) is an Iranian journalist and writer. ... Evin Prison (زندان اوین) is a prison in Iran, located in the north of Tehran. ... A hunger strike is a method of non-violent resistance in which participants fast as an act of political protest or to achieve a goal such as a policy change. ...


While some members of the intellectual community in Iran supported the boycott, some key figures, residing inside Iran or exiled to Europe or North America, had asked their readers and the general population to vote in the election, reasoning that not voting in the election would result in the election of one of the three conservative candidates, who were all military people with a background in Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps. The most famous supporters of voting in the intellectual community included Ebrahim Nabavi, Masoud Behnoud, and Khashayar Deyhimi. These people were mostly supporting Moeen as their preferred candidate who is considered to be the least aligned with Ayatollah Khamenei, but a few have also talked or written in support of Rafsanjani or Karroubi. Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps (Persian: سپاه پاسداران انقلاب اسلامی - Sepah-e Pasdaran-e Enghelab-e Islami), often shortened to Revolutionary Guards, or called by its Persian name Sepah or Pasdaran, is a military organization of the Islamic Republic of Iran. ... Seyyed Ebrahim Nabavi ( in Persian سید ابراهیم نبوی) is an exiled Iranian satirist and journalist. ... Massoud Behnoud Massoud Behnoud, (مسعود بهنود in Persian) a prominent Iranian journalist and writer, was born on July 27, 1947 in Tehran. ... Dr Mostafa Moeen Mostafa Moeen, M.D. (مصطفی معین; born April 1, 1951), also spelled Moin, is an Iranian politician and professor, and an Advisor to the former President Mohammad Khatami. ... AlÄ« Akbar HāschemÄ« RafsanjānÄ« (Persian: اکبر هاشمی رفسنجانی), born as Hashemi Bahramani (هاشمی بهرمانی) , born August 25, 1934, is one of the most influential Iranian politicians, and is currently serving as the Chairman of the Expediency Discernment Council of Iran. ... Mehdi Karroubi (مهدی کروبی; born 1939? in Aligoudarz) is an Iranian politician, the chairman and a founding member of the Militant Clerics Society party. ...


After the results of the first round, many of the supporters of the boycott are now supporting Hashemi Rafsanjani, and many of the supporters of the reformist candidates, including many supporters of Moeen, are doing the same. Islamic Iran Participation Front (IIPF) and Mojahedin of the Islamic Revolution Organization (MIRO), as the two main parties who supported Moeen, are included, with IIPF asking for "uniting against the rise of religious fascism" and MIRO telling about the rival "Führer-istic mindset" [5]. Moeen himself has mentioned that he will not personaly vote in the second round, but that his supporters "should take the danger of fascism seriously" and should not think about a boycott in the second round. The Islamic Iran Participation Front (Jebheye Mosharekate Iran-e Eslaami, جبهه مشارکت ایران اسلامی in Persian) is a reformist political party in Iran. ... Mojahedin of the Islamic Revolution Organization (سازمان مجاهدین انقلاب اسلامی; sāzmān-e mojāhedin-e enghelāb-e eslāmi), sometimes abbreviated to MIRO, is a reformist Iranian political organization. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... (help· info) (Fuehrer in English when umlauts are not used) is a proper noun meaning leader or guide in the German language. ...


Also, Emadeddin Baghi, the President of the Iranian Association for Supporting Prisoners' Rights and one of the boycotters, has also spoken in support of Rafsanjani and mentioned that while he still considers Rafsanjani a conservative, he prefers his traditional conservatism to Ahmadinezhad's fundamentalism.


Schedule

The schedule of the election had been decided between the Ministry of Interior and the Guardian Council for June 17, 2004. The election will continue as a runoff race, which will take place a week later than the first round of elections, on June 24, 2005. The registration of candidates began on May 10, 2005 and continued for five days, until May 14. If the Guardian Council had requested, it may have been extended for five more days, until May 19. The candidates were not allowed to do advertisements, until the final list of approved candidates are known. The official period for advertisement was May 27 to June 15. June 17 is the 168th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (169th in leap years), with 197 days remaining. ... It has been designated the: International Year of Rice (by the United Nations) International Year to Commemorate the Struggle against Slavery and its Abolition (by UNESCO) 2004 World Health Day topic was Road Safety (by World Health Organization) Year of the Monkey (by the Chinese calendar) See the world in... June 24 is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 190 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... May 10 is the 130th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (131st in leap years). ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... May 14 is the 134th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (135th in leap years). ... May 19 is the 139th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (140th in leap years). ... May 27 is the 147th day (148th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 218 days remaining. ... June 15 is the 166th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (167th in leap years), with 199 days remaining. ...


In the first round, Iranian nationals born on or before June 17, 1990, residing in or outside Iran, were able to vote. The election in Iran began on 09:00 local time (04:30 UTC) and while the original deadline was ten hours later on 19:00 (14:30 UTC), the deadline was extended three times by the Ministry of Interior, finally until 23:00 (18:30 UTC). Outside Iran, different times are used as the opening and closing hours for the polling offices. On the same date, mid-term Majlis elections for Gachsaran, Garmsar, Ghazvin, Ilam, Iranshahr, Jolfa, Marand, Sarbaz, and Shiraz took place together with the runoff elections of Tehran for the Iranian Majlis election of 2004. June 17 is the 168th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (169th in leap years), with 197 days remaining. ... This article is about the year. ... Coordinated Universal Time or UTC, also sometimes referred to as Zulu time or Z, is an atomic realization of Universal Time (UT) or Greenwich Mean Time (GMT), the astronomical basis for civil time. ... Gachsaran is a city in the Kohkilouyeh and Boyerahmad province in southwestern Iran. ... Garmsar is a city in the Semnan province in northern Iran. ... Qazvin may refer to: Qazvin (city) Qazvin province Note: Qazvin province was created in 1996; older references to Qazvin are invariably to the city. ... Location of Ilam in Irans map Ilam is the capital of Ilam Province in Iran. ... Iranshahr is a city in the Sistan and Baluchistan province in southeastern Iran. ... this article is about a city in northwest iran. ... Marand is among major cities in East Azerbaijan province of Iran. ... Sarbaz is a city in the Sistan and Baluchistan province in southeastern Iran. ... Eram Garden, Shiraz most popular garden. ... Politics of Iran Categories: Stub | 2004 elections | Elections in Iran ...


The first three suggestions by the Ministry, for May 13, May 20, and June 10, 2005, had been rejected by the Council. The Ministry had mentioned that it is concerned that an election later than May 20 may collide with the final exams of the elementary schools and high schools. May 13 is the 133rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (134th in leap years). ... 20 May is the 140th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (141st in leap years). ... June 10 is the 161st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (162nd in leap years), with 204 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The second round of the election will happen on June 24, and Iranian nationals born on or before June 24, 1990 will be able to vote. The election in Iran will begin on 09:00 local time (04:30 UTC) and the closing time of the voting polls will be at 19:00 (14:30 UTC), but may be extended by the Ministry of Interior. June 24 is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 190 days remaining. ... June 24 is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 190 days remaining. ... This article is about the year. ...


Candidates

The registration of the candidates finished on May 14, 2005 and 1014 candidates had registered to run, including many people who didn't have the qualifications required in the law. More than 90% of the candidates were men, and there were about ninety female candidates. The law about the election process does not include any requirements for people who want to register to run: it only provides qualifications that are to be checked by the Guardian Council. May 14 is the 134th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (135th in leap years). ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The candidates must have first be approved by the Guardian Council before being put to public vote and it could be predicted that some of the candidates would not win the approval, especially Ebrahim Asgharzadeh and Ebrahim Yazdi, who were rejected by the Council in the parliamentary elections of 2004 and/or the presidential elections of 2001. There were also some people who expected Mostafa Moeen, the most controversial reformist candidate, to be disqualified as well. But the most unpredictable was the disqualification of conservative Reza Zavare'i, a former member of the Guardian Council and an approved presidential candidate for two previous elections. The Guardian Council of the Constitution (شورای نگهبان قانون اساسی in Persian) is a high office within the constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran which has the authority to interpret the constitution and to determine if the laws passed by the parliament are in line with the constitution of Iran. ... Ebrahim Yazdi (ابراهیم یزدی; born 1931 in Qazvin) is a Persian politician, the Secretary General of Freedom Movement Party, a party which is considered illegal by some Iranian officials. ... Politics of Iran Categories: Stub | 2004 elections | Elections in Iran ... Iranian presidential election of 2005 took place on June 8, 2001, and resulted in Mohammad Khatami being elected as the President of Iran for his second term. ... Dr Mostafa Moeen Mostafa Moeen, M.D. (مصطفی معین; born April 1, 1951), also spelled Moin, is an Iranian politician and professor, and an Advisor to the former President Mohammad Khatami. ...


Also, there was a high probability of rejection of women, because of an ambiguous term ("rejāl", رجال) in the Constitution of Iran, a requirement for presidential candidates, which may be interpreted as either "men" or "famous people". The Guardian Council, who is also the official interpreter of the constitution, has mentioned on previous elections that the restriction has not been considered in depth yet, since according to the Council's opinion there were no women registered to run for presidency who fulfilled the other requirements of the constitution; but still, the Council believes that the requirement of rejaal would not match women. The December 1979 constitution, and its 1989 amendment, define the political, economic, and social order of the Islamic Republic of Iran. ...


There had also been discussions for a new law proposed in the Majlis, restricting the maximum age of the candidates for the presidential elections. This was widely seen as an attempt to limit the participation of Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani and Mehdi Karroubi. The attempt failed with no proposal appearing. مجلس شورای اسلامی - The Majles; Irans Parliament. ... AlÄ« Akbar HāschemÄ« RafsanjānÄ« (Persian: اکبر هاشمی رفسنجانی), born as Hashemi Bahramani (هاشمی بهرمانی) , born August 25, 1934, is one of the most influential Iranian politicians, and is currently serving as the Chairman of the Expediency Discernment Council of Iran. ... Mehdi Karroubi (مهدی کروبی; born 1939? in Aligoudarz) is an Iranian politician, the chairman and a founding member of the Militant Clerics Society party. ...


Approved candidates

The list of all the people who have officially registered to run for the post is not available to the public, but the Guardian Council published a final list of six approved candidates on May 22, rejecting all independent candidates and some candidates from the both wings, specially the reformist candidates Mostafa Moeen and Mohsen Mehralizadeh. This raised many objections among the general public and the political parties, including student protests in the Tehran University, among other universities. This, and the objections of some of the approved candidates, led to a letter from Ayatollah Khamenei, the Supreme Leader, to the Guardian Council asking for the approval of Moeen and Mehralizadeh (this had apparently been because of a request by Haddad-Adel, the conservative Speaker of the Parliament) [6]. It is unknown if that letter meant that the Guardian Council must have approved these two, or it should have only reconsidered their case. The next day, on May 23, the Guardian Council announced the approval of Moeen and Mehralizadeh. May 22 is the 142nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (143rd in leap years). ... Dr Mostafa Moeen Mostafa Moeen, M.D. (مصطفی معین; born April 1, 1951), also spelled Moin, is an Iranian politician and professor, and an Advisor to the former President Mohammad Khatami. ... Mohsen Mehralizadeh (in Persian: محسن مهرعلیزاده) is a Vice President of Iran and the head of the National Sports Organization of Iran under President Khatami. ... The University of Tehran (دانشگاه تهران in Persian), also known as Tehran University, is the oldest and largest university of Iran. ... Ayatollah Ali Khamenei Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Hosseini Khamenei (Persian: آیت‌الله سید علی حسینی خامنه‌ای; born July 15, 1939) in Mashhad, in Razavi Khorasan province, is the current Supreme Leader of Iran and was the president of Iran from 1981 to 1989. ... The post of Supreme Leader (Persian: ولی فقیه or رهبر, Rahbar, literally Leader) was created in the constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran as the central political and religious authority of the nation. ... Haddad-Adel Gholam Ali Haddad-Adel (غلامعلی حداد عادل in Persian) born in 1945 in Tehran, Iran, is the chairman of the Iranian Parliament. ... مجلس شورای اسلامی - The Majles; Irans Parliament. ... May 23 is the 143rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (144th in leap years). ...


Mohsen Rezaee, one of the approved conservative candidates, who is the Secretary of Expediency Discernment Council and a previous commander of the Iran-Iraq war, withdrew in the evening of June 15. Mohsen Rezaee Mirghaed (محسن رضائی), born Sabzevar Rezaee Mirghaed in September 1954, is an Iranian politician, professor, and military commander, currently the Secretary of the Expediency Discernment Council of Iran. ... The Expediency Discernment Council of the System (Persian: مجمع تشخیص مصلحت نظام), is an establishment in the Constitution of Islamic Republic of Iran. ... Combatants Iran Iraq Casualties Est. ... June 15 is the 166th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (167th in leap years), with 199 days remaining. ...


These are the candidates approved by the Council of Guardians:


Trans-party

  • Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, Chairman of the Expediency Discernment Council and a former President of Iran, who has won the support of several parties from both of the wings (and may still win more support), but is considered to be leaned towards the conservatives more than towards the reformists. Ironically, the reformist alliance considered him as a possible candidate of theirs more than the conservative alliance. He was invited to run for president by Executives of Construction Party (reformist), Militant Clergy Association (conservative), Islamic Labour Party (conservative), and Workers' House (reformist), as well as several other parties across the whole spectrum of positions. Rafsanjani confirmed he is running for the election on May 10, after lots of speculations [7].

Alī Akbar Hāschemī Rafsanjānī (Persian: اکبر هاشمی رفسنجانی), born as Hashemi Bahramani (هاشمی بهرمانی) , born August 25, 1934, is one of the most influential Iranian politicians, and is currently serving as the Chairman of the Expediency Discernment Council of Iran. ... The Expediency Discernment Council of the System (Persian: مجمع تشخیص مصلحت نظام), is an establishment in the Constitution of Islamic Republic of Iran. ... The Executives of Construction Party (حزب کارگزاران سازندگی) is a political party in Iran, founded by several members of the cabinet of the then-President Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani. ... The Militant Clergy Association (Jamee-ye Rowhaniyat-e Mobarez), is a political party in Iran. ... May 10 is the 130th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (131st in leap years). ...

Reformists

  • Mehdi Karroubi, former Majlis Speaker, Secretary General of Militant Clerics Society (MCS), supported by MCS, Islamic Association of Engineers, Majma'-e Gorooh-haa-ye Khat-te Emam, and Democracy Party of Iran.
  • Mohsen Mehralizadeh, Vice-President and Head of National Sports Organization, member of IIPF. Mehralizadeh has first announced that he will be running for the post on behalf of the Iranian younger generation, but not if the reformist alliance reaches consensus on another candidate, but during the registration mentioned that he will remain in the race until the end.
  • Mostafa Moeen, former Minister of Science, Research and Technology, supported by Islamic Iran Participation Front (IIPF) and Mojahedin of the Islamic Revolution Organization (MIRO). Confirmed to run on December 29, 2004. IIPF, an influential reformist party in Iran, has mentioned that they won't support any presidential candidate outside the party, except Mousavi and Moeen. Since Mousavi has declined to run, they supported Moeen, whom they claimed to be the most probable candidate to win the approval of other parties in the reformist alliance. Some conservative Majlis representatives had asked for the Guardian Council's rejection of Moeen, which happened finally but was reversed after a letter by Ayatollah Khamenei. Moeen had announced that he would choose Mohammad Reza Khatami as his First Vice President if he was elected, and had already chosen Elaheh Koulaee, a female representative of the sixth Islamic Assembly, as his spokeswoman.

Iranian reformists, or the Reforms Front (جبههٔ اصلاحات) are a group of political parties and organizations in Iran who supported Mohammad Khatami in his run for presidency in 1997. ... Mehdi Karroubi (مهدی کروبی; born 1939? in Aligoudarz) is an Iranian politician, the chairman and a founding member of the Militant Clerics Society party. ... The Iranian Militant Clerics Society (مجمع روحانیون مبارز; majma-e rowhāniyÅ«n-e mobārez), which can also be translated as the Assembly of Militant Clerics and Forum of Militant Clergy is a left wing pro-reform Iranian political party. ... Mohsen Mehralizadeh (in Persian: محسن مهرعلیزاده) is a Vice President of Iran and the head of the National Sports Organization of Iran under President Khatami. ... Dr Mostafa Moeen Mostafa Moeen, M.D. (مصطفی معین; born April 1, 1951), also spelled Moin, is an Iranian politician and professor, and an Advisor to the former President Mohammad Khatami. ... The Islamic Iran Participation Front (Jebheye Mosharekate Iran-e Eslaami, جبهه مشارکت ایران اسلامی in Persian) is a reformist political party in Iran. ... Mojahedin of the Islamic Revolution Organization (سازمان مجاهدین انقلاب اسلامی; sāzmān-e mojāhedin-e enghelāb-e eslāmi), sometimes abbreviated to MIRO, is a reformist Iranian political organization. ... December 29 is the 363rd day of the year (364th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 2 days remaining. ... It has been designated the: International Year of Rice (by the United Nations) International Year to Commemorate the Struggle against Slavery and its Abolition (by UNESCO) 2004 World Health Day topic was Road Safety (by World Health Organization) Year of the Monkey (by the Chinese calendar) See the world in... Mohammad Reza Khatami Seyyed Mohammad Reza Khatami (محمد رضا خاتمی), also known as Reza Khatami (born in 1959 in Ardakan), is a Persian politician. ... مجلس شورای اسلامی - The Majles; Irans Parliament. ...

Conservatives

Conservatism or political conservatism is any of several historically related political philosophies or political ideologies. ... President-elect Mahmoud Ahmadinezhad Mahmoud Ahmadinedjad (محمود احمدی‌نژاد; born 1956), also spelled Ahmadinejad, is the current President-elect of Iran and will become the president on August 2, 2005. ... Map of Iran and surrounding lands, showing location of Tehran The towering Alborz mountains rising above modern Elahiyeh district and its green neighborhoods. ... The Islamic Society of Engineers (جامعهٔ اسلامی مهندسین), ISE, is a political organization in Iran, a member of the conservative alliance. ... The Alliance of Builders of Islamic Iran (ائتلاف آبادگران ایران اسلامی; Etelāf-e Ābādgarān-e Īrān-e Eslāmī), usually shortened to Abadgaran (آبادگران), is an alliance of some conservative Iranian political parties and organizations. ... February 2 is the 33rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Mohammad Bagher Ghalibaf (محمد باقر قالیباف; born September 1961 in Mashhad) is an Iranian General and the former commander of Police Forces of Iran. ... Ayatollah Ali Khamenei Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Hosseini Khamenei (Persian: آیت‌الله سید علی حسینی خامنه‌ای; born July 15, 1939) in Mashhad, in Razavi Khorasan province, is the current Supreme Leader of Iran and was the president of Iran from 1981 to 1989. ... The post of Supreme Leader (Persian: ولی فقیه or رهبر, Rahbar, literally Leader) was created in the constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran as the central political and religious authority of the nation. ... Ali Larijani while lecturing for his presidential campaign at Sharif University of Technology in March, 2005. ... Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcasting, or IRIB, is the Iranian organization in control of radio and television. ...

Rejected candidates

  • Reformists:
    • Akbar A'lami, Majlis representative of Tabriz.
    • Ebrahim Asgharzadeh, former member of Tehran city council, Secretary General of Islamic Iran Solidarity Party (Hezb-e Hambastegi-e Irān-e Eslāmi), and one of the hostage-takers in Iran hostage crisis. It should be noted that Asgharzadeh was even not supported by his own party (Islamic Iran Solidarity Party). Asgharzadeh was rejected by the Guardian Council to run as a candidate in the 2001 presidential elections, which had made him unlikely to be approved this time.
    • Mostafa Kavakebian, secretary-general of Democracy Party (hezb-e mardomsālāri). Kavakebian supported Karroubi after he himself was rejected.
  • Conservatives:
    • Zabihollah Bakhshi, commonly known as Haji Bakhshi, militia leader
    • Rafat Bayat, Majlis representative from Zanjan, a member of conservative caucus in parliament. On March 30, she stated that she would run independently, not supported by any significant party in the conservative alliance [8]. It was assumed by some people that she would probably get rejected by the Guardian Council, because of the rejāl requirement (see above).
    • Reza Zavare'i, former member of Guardian Council, invited to run by Chekaad-e Daaneshjooyaan-e Mosalmaan
  • Independents:
    • Nasser Hejazi, former goalkeeper of the national football team and former coach of the Esteghlal football club. After his rejection, Hejazi is supporting Hashemi Rafsanjani as president.
    • Mohammad Hossein Pahlevan, known as Arshia, pop singer
    • Azam Taleghani, daughter of Ayatollah Mahmoud Taleghani.
    • Ebrahim Yazdi, former Minister of Foreign affairs in the Interim Government of 1979, secretary general of Freedom Movement Party. After being rejected by the Guardian Council, Yazdi is supporting Moeen for the presidency.
  • Unknown affiliation:
    • Ayatollah Mohammad Sajjadi ([9])

Iranian reformists, or the Reforms Front (جبههٔ اصلاحات) are a group of political parties and organizations in Iran who supported Mohammad Khatami in his run for presidency in 1997. ... Tabriz City Hall, built in 1895, by Arfaol molk, with the aid of German engineers. ... Map of Iran and surrounding lands, showing location of Tehran The towering Alborz mountains rising above modern Elahiyeh district and its green neighborhoods. ... The former US embassy, Tehran, Iran, as it appears today The Iran hostage crisis was a 444-day (about 14 months) period during which student proxies of the new Iranian regime held hostage 52 diplomats and citizens of the United States, which lasted from November 4, 1979 until January 20... Iranian presidential election of 2005 took place on June 8, 2001, and resulted in Mohammad Khatami being elected as the President of Iran for his second term. ... Conservatism or political conservatism is any of several historically related political philosophies or political ideologies. ... Zanjan Province ... March 30 is the 89th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (90th in Leap years). ... Nasser Hejazi (Persian ناصر حجازی) is one the most considerable football (soccer) players in Iran. ... Esteghlal (formerly known as Taj) is one of the most famous football (soccer) clubs in Irans Premier Football League, established in around 1950, and won many cups in different competitions. ... Ayatollah Mahmoud Taleghani was a senior Shia cleric of Iran. ... Ebrahim Yazdi (ابراهیم یزدی; born 1931 in Qazvin) is a Persian politician, the Secretary General of Freedom Movement Party, a party which is considered illegal by some Iranian officials. ... The Interm Government of Iran in 1979 (February 4–November 6) was the first government established in Iran after Islamic Revolution. ...

Declinations and withdrawals

The most important withdrawal was that of Mohsen Rezaee, one of the candidates who was approved by the Guardian Council and participated in the race until the evening of June 15, 2005, two days before the election and only a few hours before the final deadline allowed for advertisements. Rezaee mentioned he is withdrawing from the race for "the integraton of the votes of the nation" and "their effectiveness". He did not endorse any candidate. [10] Mohsen Rezaee Mirghaed (محسن رضائی), born Sabzevar Rezaee Mirghaed in September 1954, is an Iranian politician, professor, and military commander, currently the Secretary of the Expediency Discernment Council of Iran. ... June 15 is the 166th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (167th in leap years), with 199 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Also, several people were considered possible candidates for the post, who later declined to run early in the race or at the final moments before registration. A list of the ones considered seriously in the media includes:

  • Reformists:
  • Conservatives:
    • Gholam Ali Haddad-Adel, Speaker of Majlis, he declined his activities for election and said that he will try to re-ally conservatives for election.
    • Abdollah Jasbi, President of Isalmic Azad University. Jasbi withdrew in favour of Hashemi Rafsanjani.
    • Mohammad Javad Larijani, Director of IPM. He strongly endorses his brother Ali Larijani for presidency.
    • Hossein Mirmohammad-Sadeghi, former speaker of Judiciary Branch
    • Ahmad Tavakkoli, Majlis representative and Director of Majlis Research Center and former presidential candidate. Tavakkoli resigned from the race on May 1, 2005, telling that he is doing this to help minimize the diversity in the conservative camp. He is supporting Ghalibaf in the elections.
    • Ali Akbar Velayati, an Adviser to the Supreme Leader for foreign affairs, and a former Minister of Foreign Affairs. Velayati was supported inside the conservative alliance by Islamic Coalition Party (ICP). Valayati had confirmed that he does not accept the support of the Council for Coordination and will run independently, unless Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, who was the President of Iran during Velayati's ministership, runs. On May 14, Velayati did not register to run until the official deadline, and then announced that he is supporting Rafsanjani in the elections.
  • Independents:

Iranian reformists, or the Reforms Front (جبههٔ اصلاحات) are a group of political parties and organizations in Iran who supported Mohammad Khatami in his run for presidency in 1997. ... Safdar Hosseini (Persian: صفدر حسینی) is an Iranian politician. ... He is the brother of Irans Supreme Leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei. ... December 6 is the 340th day (341st on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... It has been designated the: International Year of Rice (by the United Nations) International Year to Commemorate the Struggle against Slavery and its Abolition (by UNESCO) 2004 World Health Day topic was Road Safety (by World Health Organization) Year of the Monkey (by the Chinese calendar) See the world in... Mohammad Reza Khatami Seyyed Mohammad Reza Khatami (محمد رضا خاتمی), also known as Reza Khatami (born in 1959 in Ardakan), is a Persian politician. ... Ayatollah Khomeini founded the Islamic Republic of Iran Ayatollah Seyyed Ruhollah Khomeini (Persian: آیتالله روحالله خمینی Arabic: آية الله روح الله الخميني) (May 17, 1900 – June 3, 1989) was an Iranian Shia Muslim cleric and Marja, and the political and spiritual leader of the 1979 Iranian Revolution which saw the overthrow of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the last... Mir-Hossein Mousavi (میرحسین موسوی) (born 1941?) was the Prime Minister of Iran from 1981 to 1988, at the time of Ali Khameneis presidency. ... October 12 is the 285th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (286th in leap years). ... It has been designated the: International Year of Rice (by the United Nations) International Year to Commemorate the Struggle against Slavery and its Abolition (by UNESCO) 2004 World Health Day topic was Road Safety (by World Health Organization) Year of the Monkey (by the Chinese calendar) See the world in... November 21 is the 325th day of the year (326th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... It has been designated the: International Year of Rice (by the United Nations) International Year to Commemorate the Struggle against Slavery and its Abolition (by UNESCO) 2004 World Health Day topic was Road Safety (by World Health Organization) Year of the Monkey (by the Chinese calendar) See the world in... Behzad Nabavi, as acting Chairman of Majlis Behzad Nabavi (بهزاد نبوی in Persian) (born 1941) is an Iranian politician. ... Abdollah Ramezanzadeh (عبدالله رمضان‌زاده in Persian), also spelled Ramazanzadeh, is the spokesman and secretary of the government of the Islamic Republic of Iran. ... Conservatism or political conservatism is any of several historically related political philosophies or political ideologies. ... Haddad-Adel Gholam Ali Haddad-Adel (غلامعلی حداد عادل in Persian) born in 1945 in Tehran, Iran, is the chairman of the Iranian Parliament. ... مجلس شورای اسلامی - The Majles; Irans Parliament. ... Mohammad Javad Larijani, while visiting Sharif University of Technology in 2004 Mohammad Javad Ardashir Larijani (Persian: محمد جواد اردشیر لاریجانی) is an Iranian politician and mathematician. ... The Institute for Studies in Theoretical Physics and Mathematics, often shortened to IPM (پژوهشگاه دانشهای بنیادی in Persian) is a government-sponsored research institute founded in 1989 in Tehran, Iran. ... Representative Ahmad Tavakkoli Ahmad Tavakkoli (احمد توکلی in Persian) is a conservative representative of Tehran in the Iranian parliament, and the Director of Majlis Research Center. ... May 1 is the 121st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (122nd in leap years). ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Ali Akbar Velayati Ali Akbar Velayati (علی‌اکبر ولایتی; born June 25, 1945 in Tehran) is an Iranian politician and a pediatrician, currently an Advisor in International Affairs to the Supreme Leader. ... The post of Supreme Leader (Persian: ولی فقیه or رهبر, Rahbar, literally Leader) was created in the constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran as the central political and religious authority of the nation. ... The first Minister of Foreign Affairs (or Foreign Minister) of Iran was Mirza Abdolvahhab Khan Motamed od-Dowleh Neshat who served between 1819 and 1824. ... May 14 is the 134th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (135th in leap years). ... Catherine Zeta Jones congradulating Shirin Ebadi at the Nobel Peace Prize concert in Oslo, December 11 2003. ... The Nobel Peace Prize Medal featuring a portrait of Alfred Nobel The Nobel Peace Prize is one of five Nobel Prizes bequested by the Swedish industrialist and inventor Alfred Nobel. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... January 2 is the second day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Human rights are rights which some hold to be inalienable and belonging to all humans. ...

See also

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External links

Sources


 
 

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