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Encyclopedia > Iranian folk music

Iran’s local melodies are some of the richest, most beautiful and most various among the folk melodies in the world. Despite all common roots the folk music in each different part of Iran has certain characteristics in correlation with its native myths, dialects, geographical and social situation and does not enjoy the unity of style. [1]

Contents

Introduction

Many composers of the late nineteeth and early twentieth centuries used the folk music of their native countries as a source of inspiration for their compositions. For some composers, such as Stravinsky, this was a short-lived infatuation soon to be followed by neoclassicism, or, for others, one of several different forms of modernism. Among the major European composers, Bela Bartok, Manuel de Falla, and Zoltan Kodaly remained significantly committed to using folk music as primary sources for their works. Similarly issues can be seen in the history of Iranian folk music. Igor Fyodorovitch Stravinsky () (June 17, 1882 – April 6, 1971) was a composer of modern classical music. ... Neoclassicism (sometimes rendered as Neo-Classicism or Neo-classicism) is the name given to quite distinct movements in the decorative and visual arts, literature, theatre, music, and architecture. ... B la Bart k (March 25, 1881 – September 26, 1945) was a composer, pianist and collector of East European folk music. ... Manuel de Falla y Matheu (November 23, 1876 – November 14, 1946) was a Spanish composer of classical music. ... Zoltan Kodaly Zoltán Kodály (December 16, 1882 – March 6, 1967) was a Hungarian composer, ethnomusicologist, educator, linguist and philosopher. ...


The modal concepts in Iranian folk music are directly linked with that of the Iranian classical music. However, improvisation plays a minor role as folk tunes are characterized by relatively clear-cut melodic and rhythmic properties. The function of each folk melody determines its mood. The varying aesthetic requirements of wedding songs, lullabies, love songs, harvest songs, dance pieces, etc., are met with transparent and appropriate simplicity. The majority of the classical instruments are too elaborate and difficult for the folk musicians. Instead, there are literally dozens of musical instruments of various sorts found among the rural people. In fact, each region of the country can boast instruments peculiar to itself. Three types of instruments, however, are common to all parts of the country. They are, a kind of shawm called Surnay (or Sorna ~ Zorna), the various types of Ney (flute), and the Dohol, a doubleheader drum. A discussion of Persian music must necessarily include the new hybrid of mixed Persian-Western music which is functioning as a popular-commercial music. The use of western popular rhythms, an elementary harmonic superimposition, and relatively large ensembles composed of mostly western instruments, characterize this music. The melodic and modal aspects of these compositions maintain basically Persian elements. On the whole, it would be something of an understatement to say that the artistic merit of such a melange as this is rather questionable. (Prof. Farhat-musicologist Persianartmusic.com)


Iran is home to several ethnic groups, including Kurdish, Azerbaijanis, Bakhtiari and Baluchi peoples. Turkmen epic poets similar to Central Asian musicians are common in Khorasan, while Kurdish music is known for its double-reed duduk and an earthy, dance-oriented sound. The most famous personalities in Iranian folk music are Pari Zangeneh and Sima Bina. Kurds are one of the Iranian peoples and speak Kurdish, a north-Western Iranian language related to Persian. ... The Bakhtiari (or Bakhtiyari) are a group of southwestern Iranian people. ... When referring to central asian peoples, Baluchi is an alernative spalling of Balochi (qv). ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Khorasan (Persian: خراسان) (also transcribed as Khurasan and Khorassan; Horasan in Turkish) is a region located in eastern Iran. ... Traditionally, there are three types of Kurdish Classical performers - storytellers (çîrokbêj), minstrels (stranbêj) and bards (dengbêj). ... A duduk A duduk player The duduk (pronounced /doo-dook/) is a traditional woodwind instrument popular in the Caucasus region. ... Sima Bina (Born in 1944 Birjand) is a master of Persian classical music and Irans top researcher, singer and song-writer of Iranian Folk music. ...


Sima Bina is one of the most renowned traditional Persian singers. As a true anthropologist of Khorassan music, she has been compiling for years a traditional repertoire from this province. Singing in Persian, but also in Turkish and Kurdish, she perpetuates a tradition of folk music which praises nature and love, and which evokes nostalgia and the changing times.[2] Sima Bina (Born in 1944 Birjand) is a master of Persian classical music and Irans top researcher, singer and song-writer of Iranian Folk music. ... Khorasan (also spelled Khurasan and Khorassan; خراسان in Persian) is an area, located in eastern and northeastern Iran. ...


Persian folk music

  • Music of Khorasan
  • Music of Mazandaran

Kurdish music

The forms of music found in various parts of Kurdistan, all known as Kurdish music, vary depending on the climate and geography of the regions as well as their contact with the neighboring cultures. For example, the melodies found among the people living in the mountains are different from those found among the people living in the meadows. However, the poetry and the rhythms are common to both areas.


Kamkars group is perhaps the most prominent group that performs Kurdish folk music as well as Iranian classical music. The Kamkars (Farsi: کامکاران, Kurdish: Koma Kamkaran), a Kurdish family of seven brothers and a sister, are undeniably one of the leading musical ensembles in Iran today. ...


Music of Khuzestan

  • Magham Music
  • Alvaniyeh Music: This is the music of Arabs of Khuzestan.
  • Radif Music (Not to be confused with Persian Radif Music): A genre of music played in villages. And every kind of this music is called "tor" and every "tor" may have its own accent and poems.

Iranian folk music in Iranian cultural continent

Since the 1980s, Afghanistan has been involved in near constant violence. ... Tajik music is closely related to Uzbek music and other Central Asian forms. ... Music of Azerbaijan includes various arrays of styles that reflect influences from the musics of the Caucasus, Central Asia, and Iran. ...

Notable figures

Sima Bina (Born in 1944 Birjand) is a master of Persian classical music and Irans top researcher, singer and song-writer of Iranian Folk music. ... The Kamkars (Farsi: کامکاران, Kurdish: Koma Kamkaran), a Kurdish family of seven brothers and a sister, are undeniably one of the leading musical ensembles in Iran today. ... Monika Jalili is a Persian classical vocalist. ...

See also

Figurines playing stringed instruments, excavated at Susa, 3rd millennium BC. Iran National Museum. ... Folk music, in the original sense of the term, is music by and for the common people. ...

External links

  • Iranian Folklore Songs in Cyrillic
Folk music
American folk music - Anti-folk - Celtic music - Counterfolk - Filk music - Folk metal - Folk punk
Folk rock - Folktronica - Neofolk - Pop folk - Persian folk music - Psych folk - Roots revival - Urban Folk
Festivals - Folk dance - Folk clubs - Instrumentation - Protest song - Singer-songwriter - Traditions - World music

  Results from FactBites:
 
Music of Iran - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2414 words)
Iran has thousands of years of Persian culture and music (musiqi, the science and art of music, and muzik the sound and performance of music), which contributed a form of classical music called in Persian musiqi-e asil as well as countless literary and folk music traditions.
Music (muzik) is often denigrated in Islamic societies including Iran, and as a consequence music is often associated with non-Muslim and Muslim minorities.
Iranian Classical Music is improvised and is based on a series of modal scales and tunes which must be memorized.
Music of Afghanistan - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1117 words)
In spite of arrests and destruction of musical instruments, Afghan musicians have continued to ply their trade into the present.
Afghan folk music is traditionally played at weddings and other celebrations, and is rare for mourning.
Music is an important part of the new year celebration, as it is for Mazar-i Sharif.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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