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Encyclopedia > Iranian defense industry

Iran's military industry has taken great strides in the past 25 years, and now manufactures many types of sophisticated arms and equipment. According to Iranian officials, the country sold $100 million worth of military equipment in 2003[1] and as of 2006 had exported weapons to 57 countries, including NATO members.[2][3]. Image File history File links Circle-question-red. ... NATO 2002 Summit in Prague. ...

Shafaq jetfighter
Shafaq jetfighter
Misagh-2 MANPAD
Misagh-2 MANPAD

Contents

Image File history File links Shafaq. ... Image File history File links Shafaq. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Image File history File links Misagh. ... Image File history File links Misagh. ... Misagh-2 on display. ... MANPADS stands for Human-Portable Air-Defence System and typically refers to shoulder-launched surface-to-air missiles such as the FIM-92 Stinger, 9K32M Strela-2 (SA-7), RBS-70, 9K36 Strela-3 (SA-14), 9K38 Igla (SA-18) and 9K310 Igla-M (SA-16). ...

History

Fajr-3 MIRV
Fajr-3 MIRV
Panha 2091
Panha 2091

Iran's military industry was born under the last Shah of Iran, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi. In assembly lines established by American firms such as Bell, Litton and Northrop, Iranian workers built airplanes, helicopters, guided missiles, electronic components and tanks. [4] Image File history File links Fajr-3. ... Image File history File links Fajr-3. ... // Fajr-3 MIRV On April 3rd of 2006, Iran formally announced the successful test of its first stealth medium-range tactical ballistic missile, Fajr-3. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File links Panha2091_1. ... Image File history File links Panha2091_1. ... PANHA is an Iranian helicopter manufacturing company. ... One of the worlds longest-lasting monarchies, the Iranian monarchy went through many transformations over the centuries, from the days of Persia to the creation of what is now modern day Iran. ... Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Shah of Iran (Persian: ‎ Moḥammad Rez̤ā Pahlavī) (October 26, 1919, Tehran – July 27, 1980, Cairo), styled His Imperial Majesty, and holding the imperial titles of Shāhanshāh (King of Kings), and Aryamehr (Light of the Aryans), was the monarchial ruler of Iran from September 16... Bell Helicopter Textron is an American helicopter and tiltrotor manufacturer headquartered in Fort Worth, Texas. ... Litton Industries was a large defense contractor in the United States, bought by the Northrop Grumman Corporation in 2001. ... The Northrop Corporation was a leading aircraft manufacturer of the United States. ...


In 1973, the Iran Electronics Industries (IEI) was founded to organize efforts to assemble and repair foreign-delivered weapons. [5] All of Iran's weapons before the Islamic revolution were imported from the United States and Europe. Between 1971 and 1975, the Shah went on a buying spree, ordering $8 billion in weapons from the United States alone. This alarmed the United States Congress, which strengthened a 1968 law on arms exports in 1976 and renamed it the Arms Export Control Act. Still, the United States continued to sell large amounts of weapons to Iran until the 1979 Islamic Revolution. [6] The Iran Electronics Industries (in Persian: صنایع الکترنیک ایران) also known as (صاایران) or (Sana-ey Electronik-e Iran) was established in Iran in 1972. ... Protestors take to the street in support of Ayatollah Khomeini. ... Shah is a Persian term for a monarch (king or emperor) that has been adopted in many other languages. ... Type Bicameralism Houses Senate House of Representatives United States Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid, D, since January 4, 2007 Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi, D, since January 4, 2007 Members 535 plus 4 Delegates and 1 Resident Commissioner Political groups (as of November 7, 2006 elections) Democratic Party Republican... Protestors take to the street in support of Ayatollah Khomeini. ...


In 1977, the Iranian Defense Industries Organization began to work on missiles jointly with Israel in Project Flower and requested a joint missile development program with the United States which was rejected.[7] In 1979, the country took the first step into manufacturing by reverse engineering Soviet RPG-7, BM21, and SAM-7 missiles. For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ... The Defense Industries Organization (DIO), (Iranian name: Sasadjah (Sazemane Sanaye Defa)), is a conglomerate of state run Iranian companies whose function is to provide Iran with the necessary military manufacturing capacity and technical abilities. ... In 18 July 1977, Iranian Vice Minister of War General H. Toufanian traveled to Israel and met with Israeli Foreign Minister Moshe Dayan and Minister of Defense Ezer Weizmann. ... Soviet redirects here. ... An RPG-7 captured by the US Army The RPG-7 (Russian: ) is a widely-produced and used handheld anti-tank grenade launcher designed by the Soviet Union. ... BM-21 battery. ... A soldier posing with a Strela launcher The 9K32 Strela-2 (Russian 9К32 стрела-2 - arrow, NATO reporting name SA-7 Grail) is a man-portable, shoulder-fired, low-altitude surface-to-air missile (SAM) system similar to the US Army REDEYE, with...


After the Islamic revolution and the start of the Iran-Iraq War, economic sanctions and an international arms embargo led by the United States coupled with a high demand for military hardware forced Iran to rely on its domestic arms industry for repair and spare parts. [8] The Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps was put in charge of re-organising the domestic military industry. Under their command Iran's military industry was dramatically expanded, and with the Ministry of Defence pouring capital into the missile industry, Iran soon had an arsenal of missiles. [9] Protestors take to the street in support of Ayatollah Khomeini. ... Combatants  Iran Iraq Commanders - Ruhollah Khomeini, - Abolhassan Banisadr, - Ali Shamkhani, - Mostafa Chamran† - Saddam Hussein, - Ali Hassan al-Majid Strength - 305,000 soldiers, - 500,000 Passdaran and Basij militia, - 1,000 tanks, - 1,000 armored vehicles, - 3,000 artillery pieces, - 450 aircraft, - 750 helicopters[1] - 190,000 soldiers, - 4,500 tanks... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Iranian soldiers The military forces of the Islamic Republic of Iran include three regular armed forces; the Army, Navy, Air Force, and a fourth armed force, the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps. ...


Since 1992, it also has produced its own tanks, armored personnel carriers, missiles, a submarine, and a fighter plane.[10]


Defense production

Kowsar missile
Kowsar missile
Boragh Armored Personel carrier
Boragh Armored Personel carrier
Iranian designed Khaybar KH2002
Iranian designed Khaybar KH2002

The following list consists of weapons systems that Iran claims to manufacture domestically. Image File history File links Kosar. ... Image File history File links Kosar. ... Kowsar missile Kowsar is a medium-range, land-based anti-ship missile made by Iran. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Boraq. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Boraq. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Image File history File links KH-2002. ... Image File history File links KH-2002. ... Khaybar/KH-2002 is an Iranian designed assault rifle, derived from the DIO S 5. ...


Aircraft

The Azarakhsh (Persian: آذرخش, lightning) is Irans first domestically manufactured[] combat fighter jet. ... The F-5 Freedom Fighter (or Tiger II) is a fighter aircraft, designed and built by Northrop in the USA, beginning in 1962. ... [[1]] Saegheh (meaning thunderbolt in persian, alternative spellings: Saeqeh), or Saegeh-80, is an Iranian single-seater jet fighter that was unveiled in July of 2004. ... The F-5 Freedom Fighter (or Tiger II) is a fighter aircraft, designed and built by Northrop in the USA, beginning in 1962. ... Owaz is a medium size interceptor with features from both the YF-17 and F-14, it is a unique aircraft not resembling any other in the world. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Northrop YF-17 Cobra was a prototype lightweight day fighter aircraft designed for the U.S. Air Forces Light Weight Fighter (LWF) technology evaluation program. ... The Antonov An-140 is a short-range turboprop airliner, first flown on September 17 1997. ... The Fork Tailed Doctor Killer. ... The Dorna or Lark is a jet powered Iranian training aircraft. ... The Dorna or Lark is a jet powered Iranian training aircraft. ... The Dorna or Lark is a jet powered Iranian training aircraft. ... Panha 2091 The Panha 2091 is an Iranian-made light attack helicopter. ... The Bell AH-1 Cobra is an attack helicopter. ... The Panha Shabaviz 2061 is a Iranian-produced helicopter used by the Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force. ... The Bell Helicopter Model 206 JetRanger is a two-bladed main rotor, turbine powered helicopter with a conventional, two-bladed tail rotor. ... The Panha Shabaviz 2-75 (Persian: Owl) is an Iranian utility helicopter built by the Iranian Helicopter Support and Renewal Company. ... The Bell UH-1 Iroquois, commonly (or officially in the USMC) known as the Huey, was a multipurpose military helicopter, famous for its use in the Vietnam war. ...

Unmanned aerial vehicles

The Ababil is a Iranian made UAV. It has a maximum operational radius of 150 km and a maximum ceiling of 14,000 ft (4,268 m). ... The Mohajer/Mirsad (Persian, Arabic meaning Ambush) is a series of Iranian built UAV Drones. ...

Aircraft upgrades and components

  • Iran claims to have upgraded its US-made F-4, F-5, and F-14 fighter jets, and produced spare parts including tires, avionics, and engine components.[29][30]

United States may refer to: Places: United States of America SS United States, the fastest ocean liner ever built. ... The McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II[2] is a two-seat supersonic long-range all-weather fighter-bomber originally developed for the U.S. Navy by McDonnell Douglas. ... The F-5 Freedom Fighter (or Tiger II) is a fighter aircraft, designed and built by Northrop in the USA, beginning in 1962. ... The Grumman F-14 Tomcat is a supersonic, twin-engine, two-seat, variable geometry wing aircraft. ...

Missiles

Medium range (MRBM)

Medium range missiles are considered to have a range between 1000 and 3000 kilometers. A Medium Range Ballistic Missile, commonly abreviated to MRBM, is a type of ballistic missile with a range between 1500 and 2000 km. ...

  • Shahab-3 - strategic MRBM with a range of 2,100 km. copy of DPRK Nodong-1 [31][32]

Shahab-3 Type Ballistic missile Nationality Iran Era modern Launch platform Vehicle Target Vehicle, Fortification History Builder Date of design Production period Service duration Operators Iran Variants Number built Specifications Type Diameter between 1,32 and 1,35 metres Wing span Length 16 metres Weight between 15 852 and 16... North Korea, officially the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea (DPRK; Korean: Chosŏn Minjujuŭi Inmin Konghwaguk; Hangul: 조선민주주의인민공화국; Hanja: 朝鮮民主主義人民共和國), is a country in eastern Asia... The Nodong-1, sometimes Rodong-1, is a single stage, mobile liquid propellant medium range ballistic missile developed by North Korea. ...

Short range (SRBM)

Short range missiles are considered to have a range up to 1000 kilometers. SRBM is a military acronym for Short-Range Ballistic Missile. ...

  • Shahab-2 - tactical SRBM with a range of 750 km copy of Soviet SS-1d/Scud-C [33]
  • Shahab-1 - tactical SRBM with a range of 350 km. copy of Soviet SS-1c/Scud-B [34]
  • Fateh-110 - single-stage solid-propellant SRBM with a range of 200 km
  • Zelzal-2 - single-stage solid-propellant SRBM with a range of 200 km [35][36][37]
  • Fajr-5 - artillery rocket [38]
  • Fajr-3 - artillery rocket[39][40]

Shahab-2 Type Ballistic missile Nationality Iran Era modern Launch platform Vehicle Target Vehicle, Fortification History Builder Date of design 1990 Production period since 1990 Service duration since 1990 Operators Iran Variants Number built Specifications Type Diameter 0. ... SRBM is a millitary acronym for Short Range Ballistic Missile. ... For other uses, see Scud (disambiguation). ... The Shahab-1 was the foundation of the long-range Iranian missile program. ... SRBM is a millitary acronym for Short Range Ballistic Missile. ... For other uses, see Scud (disambiguation). ... Fateh 110 The Fateh-110 is a single-stage missile with at least a 200 km range, and it is produced domestically within Iran, including the solid fuel propellant. ... Zelzal-2 ( زلزال-2, meaning Earthquake-2) is an unguided[1] Iranian 610mm heavy artillery rocket that can carry a 600-kg (1,323-lb) warhead an estimated 210 km (130 miles). ... The Fajr-5 (Arabic, Persian: فجر-5, meaning dawn-5) is an artillery rocket developed by Iran in early 2006. ... // Fajr-3 MIRV On April 3rd of 2006, Iran formally announced the successful test of its first stealth medium-range tactical ballistic missile, Fajr-3. ...

Anti-tank missiles

  • Raad - copy of Soviet AT-3 Sagger [41]
  • RPG-7 copy of Soviet RPG-7. Iran is forecast to manufacture 2.88 percent of the worlds RPG-7's by 2014. [42]
  • Saegheh - improved version of the RPG-7 [43]
  • Toophan Copy of American TOW missile
  • Toophan 2 Improved Toophan

The RAAD (thunder) family of missiles is manufactured in Iran and based on the Soviet AT-3b Sagger Anti-tank guided missile with a range of a few kilometres although some sources refer to it as a copy of a Chinese or North Korean cruise missile. ... AT-3A Sagger missile The AT-3 Sagger is the NATO reporting name for the 9M14 Malyutka (little or tiny baby) MCLOS wire-guided anti-tank missile of the Soviet Union. ... An RPG-7 captured by the US Army The RPG-7 (Russian: ) is a widely-produced and used handheld anti-tank grenade launcher designed by the Soviet Union. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... An RPG-7 captured by the US Army The RPG-7 (Russian: ) is a widely-produced and used handheld anti-tank grenade launcher designed by the Soviet Union. ... The Toophan is an Iranian version of the U.S.-made TOW anti-tank missile. ... Toophan 2 is a upgraded version of the Iranian Toophan missile. ...

Air-Defence

  • Misagh-2 - copy of Chinese QW-1 Vanguard with some Chinese upgrades[44]
  • Misagh-1 - copy of Chinese QW-1 Vanguard [45]
  • Sayyad-1 - copy of Chinese SA-2[46]
  • Fajr-27 - rapid fire cannon [47][48]

Misagh-2 on display. ... The QW-1 Vanguard is a Chinese all-aspect man-portable surface to air missile. ... Misagh-1 Type MANPADS Nationality Iran Era Current Launch platform Man portable Target aircraft History Builder Shahid Shah Abhady Industrial Complex Date of design Production period Service duration Operators Iran Variants Number built Specifications Type Diameter 0. ... The QW-1 Vanguard is a Chinese all-aspect man-portable surface to air missile. ... An S-75 missile on camoflaged launcher An S-75 missile in elevated position An North Vietnamese S-75 site An S-75 missile in transit A Fan Song radar (left) and what looks like a Low Blow to the right The SA-2 Guideline is the NATO reporting name... The Fajr 27 cannon system is a domestically manufactured Iranian rapid fire cannon. ...

Bombs

  • Qadr - copy of U.S. Mk 84 electro-optically guided glide-bomb [49]
  • Zoobin - copy of U.S. M-117 bomb electro-optically guided glide-bomb [50]

Sahih Muslim - Chapter 1 : THE GROWTH OF A CHILD IN THE WOMB OF A MOTHER AND HIS DESTINY IN REGARD TO HIS LIVELIHOOD, HIS DEEDS, BOTH GOOD AND EVIL Book 33, Number 6390: Abdullah (b. ... The Mark 84 is an American general-purpose bomb, the largest of the Mark 80 series of weapons. ... The M117 is an air-dropped general-purpose bomb used by United States military forces. ...

Air-to-air missiles

  • Fatter - copy of U.S. AIM-9 Sidewinder [51][52]
  • Sedjil - copy of U.S. MIM-23 Hawk converted to be carried by aircraft [53]

The AIM-9 Sidewinder is a heat-seeking, short-range, air-to-air missile carried by fighter aircraft and recently, certain gunship helicopters. ... The Raytheon MIM-23 HAWK is an American medium range surface-to-air missile. ...

Naval missiles

  • Noor - copy of Chinese C-802.[54]
  • Tondar - copy of Chinese C-801. Exact production status is unclear and the designation may refer to more than one missile. According to some sources [55] Iran received blueprints from China in compensation for a scrapped deal to sell the missile under US pressure in the tanker wars. [56] [57]

[58] The Yingji-82 or YJ-82 (Chinese: 鹰击-82, literally Eagle Strike; NATO reporting name: CSS-N-8 Saccade) is a Chinese anti-ship missile first unveiled in 1989 by the China Haiying Electro-Mechanical Technology Academy (CHETA), also known as the Third Academy. ...

The Thaqeb, Persian for Saturn, is an Iranian naval missile. ... Kowsar missile Kowsar is a medium-range, land-based anti-ship missile made by Iran. ...

Torpedo

  • Hoot - A supercavitation torpedo. Some sources have said this is a copy of the Russian VA-111 Shkval. Russian foreign minister Sergey Lavrov has denied transferring technology of the Shkval to Iran. Iranian sources claim it to be indigenously developed [48] [49] [50]

Hoot (Persian: حوت - Fish) is an Iranian underwater missile that travels at approximately 360 km/h, several times faster than a conventional torpedo. ... Supercavitation is the use of cavitation effects to create a large bubble of gas inside a liquid, allowing an object to travel at great speed through the liquid by being wholly enveloped by the bubble. ... Artists impression of a Shkval torpedo. ... Sergey Lavrov. ...

Armored Vehicles

  • Zulfiqar MBT hybrid of Soviet T-72 and U.S. M-60[51]
  • Safir-74 - copy of Soviet T-55 with indigenous upgrades [52]
  • T-72S - copy of Soviet T-72 [53]
  • Cobra BMT-2
  • Boragh - copy of Soviet BMP-1 with indigenous upgrades [54]
  • Rakhsh - copy of Soviet BRDM [55]

Born as the brainchild of brigadier general Mir-Younes Masoumzadeh, deputy ground force commander for research and self-sufficiency jihad of the armed forces, the Iranian Zulfiqar [Zolfaqar] main battle tank is believed to be pieced together or developed from major components of the Russian T-72 and American M48... The T-72 is a Soviet-designed main battle tank that entered production in 1971. ... The M47, M48 and M60 Patton were the United States Armys principal tanks of the Korean and Vietnam Wars. ... The T-54 and T-55 tank series was the Soviet Unions front-line main battle tank from 1947 until 1962, and remains in service throughout the world to this day, especially by former client states of the Soviet Union. ... The T-72 is a Soviet-designed main battle tank that entered production in 1971. ... The Iranian Cobra or BMT-2 armored personnel carrier appearss to be an indigenous design armed with a 30 mm gun or the ZU-23-2 anti-aircraft gun—a light automatic weapons system that Iran has been manufacturing for some years. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The BMP-1 is a Soviet infantry fighting vehicle which was first introduced in the early 1960s. ... The BRDM-2 (Boyevaya Razvedyvatelnaya Dosornaya Maschina, БОЕВАЯ РАЗВЕДЫВАТЕЛЬНАЯ ДОЗОРНАЯ МАШИНА, litterally Combat Reconnaissance/Patrol Vehicle †) is...

Artillery

Raad-1/Thunder 1 Artillery In May 1996, Iran claimed to have successfully tested its first locally made self-propelled gun, the 122 mm Thunder 1. ... A self-propelled gun is an armored fighting vehicle which primarily based on and serves to transport the gun with which its equipped. ... In early September 1997 it was reported that Iran had successfully tested a locally built rapid fire mobile field gun known as Thunder 2. ... A self-propelled gun is an armored fighting vehicle which primarily based on and serves to transport the gun with which its equipped. ... The M109 is an American-made self-propelled 155 mm howitzer, first introduced in the early 1960s. ...

Small Arms

  • MPT-9 - Tondar submachine gun - copy of MP5 (H & K licenced production)[56]
  • KH-2002 - 5.56mm bullpup conversion kit for the M-16 [57][58]
  • S-5.56 - copy of M-16 [59]
  • KL-7.62 - copy of AKM (unlicensed knockoff) [60]
  • G3A6 - copy of G3 7.62 mm (H & K licenced production)[61]
  • MGA3 - copy of MG3 7.62 mm (Rheinmetal licenced production) [62] [63]
  • PKM-T80 - copy of Soviet PKM [64]
  • MGD-12.7mm - copy of Soviet DShK [65]
  • Nakhjir - copy of Soviet SVD [66]

The MP5 is a submachine gun, developed by German weapons designer Heckler und Koch (HK) in the 1960s. ... Khaybar/KH-2002 is an Iranian designed assault rifle, derived from the DIO S 5. ... The Steyr AUG is one of the most successful bullpup rifles Bullpup is a firearm configuration in which the action (or mechanism) and magazine are located behind the trigger. ... M16 (more formally United States Rifle, Caliber 5. ... M16 (more formally United States Rifle, Caliber 5. ... Avtomat Kalashnikova model 1947 g. ... The G3 (which stands for Gewehr 3, or Rifle #3) is a family of select fire battle rifles manufactured by Heckler & Koch. ... The German MG3 is one of the most popular universal machine guns in the World. ... 7. ... The DShK (ДШК, for Дегтярёва Шпагина Крупнокалиберный, Degtyarev-Shpagin Large Calibre) is a Soviet heavy anti-aircraft machine gun firing 12. ... The Dragunov Sniper Rifle (Russian: , abbreviated SVD, GRAU index 6V1), is a semiautomatic rifle designed by Evgeniy Fedorovich Dragunov in the Soviet Union between 1958 and 1963. ...

Submarines

See also

Iranian soldiers The military forces of the Islamic Republic of Iran include three regular armed forces; the Army, Navy, Air Force, and a fourth armed force, the Army of the Guardians of the Islamic Revolution. ... Despite earlier roots, Iran started its missile development program in earnest during its long and costly war with Iraq. ... Introduction From 1925 to the Iranian Revolution in 1979, Iran used to be equipped with the very latest Western hardware. ... Iran Aviation Industries Organization (IAIO) Iran aviation industry organization was established in 1966 for planning, controlling, and managing the aviation industries of armed forces for better use of extra resources and capabilities aiming to serve domestic and forging industries. ... The Defense Industries Organization (DIO), (Iranian name: Sasadjah (Sazemane Sanaye Defa)), is a conglomerate of state run Iranian companies whose function is to provide Iran with the necessary military manufacturing capacity and technical abilities. ... The Iran Electronics Industries (in Persian: صنایع الکترنیک ایران) also known as (صاایران) or (Sana-ey Electronik-e Iran) was established in Iran in 1972. ... The Iranian economy has been improving steadily over the past two decades but a continuing strong labour force growth unmatched by commensurate real economic growth is driving up unemployment to a level considerably higher than the official estimate of 11%. According to experts, annual economic growth above five per cent...

External links

  • Iranian Military Pictures & videos

Notes

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ [2]
  3. ^ [3]
  4. ^ [4]
  5. ^ [5][6]
  6. ^ [7]
  7. ^ [http://www.nti.org/e_research/profiles/Iran/Missile/1788_1789.html NTI:Missile Chronology: 1960-1984]
  8. ^ [8]
  9. ^ [9]
  10. ^ [10]
  11. ^ GlobalSecurity.org Azarakhsh (Lightning)
  12. ^ [11] GlobalSecurity.org - Tazarv (Eagle) / Thunder / Tondar / Dorna / Dorneh
  13. ^ [12] Payvand - Iranian Air Force Highly Equipped
  14. ^ [13]
  15. ^ http://www.defence.pk/forums/
  16. ^ [14]
  17. ^ [15]
  18. ^ [16] GlobalSecurity.org - Tazarv (Eagle) / Thunder / Tondar / Dorna / Dorneh
  19. ^ [17] Payvand - Iranian Air Force Highly Equipped
  20. ^ [18] GlobalSecurity.org - Parastu
  21. ^ [19] GlobalSecurity.org - Tazarv (Eagle) / Thunder / Tondar / Dorna / Dorneh
  22. ^ [20] Payvand - Iranian Air Force Highly Equipped
  23. ^ [21] GlobalSecurity.org - Tazarv (Eagle) / Thunder / Tondar / Dorna / Dorneh
  24. ^ [22]
  25. ^ [23]
  26. ^ [24]
  27. ^ [25]
  28. ^ [26]
  29. ^ http://www.washingtoninstitute.org/templateC05.php?CID=2422
  30. ^ [27] GlobalSecurity.Org - Simorgh F-5 Upgrade
  31. ^ [28]
  32. ^ [29]
  33. ^ http://www.fas.org/nuke/guide/iran/missile/shahab-2.htm] FAS: Shahab-2
  34. ^ [30]
  35. ^ [31]
  36. ^ [32]
  37. ^ [33]
  38. ^ Janes Defence - Fadjr-5 artillery rocket ystem gets new chassis
  39. ^ "In the late 1980s, the North Korean-produced 240mm M-1985 multiple rocket launcher (MRL) was exported to Iran and subsequently produced under license (with minor changes) by Shahid Bagheri Industries as the Fajr-3 (a.k.a., Fadjr-3)." Vital Perspective (2006), "Military Briefing on Hezbollah's Missile Capabilities: Examining the Fajr, Zelzal". URL accessed 2006-08-02.
  40. ^ "Fajr-3 has the same caliber, range and warhead weight as three known North Korean systems." GlobalSecurity.org (2006), "Iranian Artillery Rockets". URL accessed 2006-08-02.
  41. ^ http://www.globalsecurity.org/wmd/world/iran/parchin.htm
  42. ^ [34]
  43. ^ [35]
  44. ^ [36]
  45. ^ [37]
  46. ^ [38]
  47. ^ http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,216070,00.html
  48. ^ http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2006-09/27/content_5145842.htm
  49. ^ http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/iran/qadr.htm
  50. ^ http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/iran/qadr.htm
  51. ^ [39]
  52. ^ [40]
  53. ^ [41]
  54. ^ FAS Military Analysis Network - C-802
  55. ^ [China & Iran ancient partners in a post imperial world, John W. Garver pages 166-221]
  56. ^ Duncan Lennox, Jane's Strategic Weapon Systems Issue 44, page 66
  57. ^ [42]
  58. ^ [China & Iran ancient partners in a post imperial world, John W. Garver pages 166-221]
  59. ^ [43]
  60. ^ [44]
  61. ^ [45]
  62. ^ [46]
  63. ^ [47]


For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... August 2 is the 214th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (215th in leap years), with 151 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... August 2 is the 214th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (215th in leap years), with 151 days remaining. ...

Armed Forces of the Islamic Republic of Iran Logo of the Iranian Military Flag of Iran
Iranian Army | Iranian Navy | Iranian Air Force | Islamic Revolutionary Guards

 
 

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