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Encyclopedia > Iranian art
Persian Arts
Visual Arts
Painting
Miniatures
Decorative Arts
Jewellery
Embroidery Motifs
Tileworks Handicrafts
Pottery
Literature
Literature Mythology
Folklore
Other
Architecture Cuisine
Carpets Gardens
Performance Arts
Dance Music
Cinema

The Iranian cultural region - consisting of the modern nations of Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Azerbaijan, Uzbekistan, and surrounding regions - is home to one of the richest art heritages in world history and encompasses many disciplines including architecture, painting, weaving, pottery, calligraphy, metalworking and stone masonry. Image File history File linksMetadata Persian_art_collage. ... The Mona Lisa is one of the most recognizable artistic paintings in the Western world. ... Persian painting has several branches, most famously the classical art of the Persian miniature, and including the modern popular form of Qahveh Khanehei Painting (Tea House style of painting). ... The themes of Persian miniature are mostly related to the Persian mythology and poetry. ... Decorative metalwork designed in the Art Deco style by Maurice Ascalon and manufactured by the Pal-Bell Company during the 1940s. ... Iran (Persia) possesses an extraordinary treasure of royal jewelry including the mothers-of-pearl caught in the Persian Gulf. ... Persian embroidery is one of the many forms of the multi-faceted Persian arts. ... Persia (Iran) has an ancient tradition of its own design of motifs. ... Pottery Vessel, Fourth Millennium BCE. The Sialk collection of Tehrans National Museum of Iran. ... For other uses, see Literature (disambiguation). ... Kelileh va Demneh Persian manuscript copy dated 1429, from Herat, depicts the Jackal trying to lead the Lion astray. ... The beliefs and practices of the culturally and linguistically related group of ancient peoples who inhabited the Iranian Plateau and its borderlands, as well as areas of Central Asia from the Black Sea to Khotan (modern Ho-tien, China), form Persian mythology. ... This article is about the philosophical concept of Art. ... Iranian architecture - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Iranian cuisine. ... The Persian carpet (Pahlavi bōb[1] Persian farÅ¡ فرش, meaning to spread and Arabic qāli, Turkish hali)[2] is an essential part of Persian art and culture. ... Art depicting two men in a Persian Garden Persian Gardens refers to a tradition and style of garden design which originated in Persia, modernday Iran. ... This article is about Performance art. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Figurines playing stringed instruments, excavated at Susa, 3rd millennium BC. Iran National Museum. ... The cinema of Iran (or Persian cinema) is a flourishing film industry with a long history. ... After Islamic Conquest  Modern SSR = Soviet Socialist Republic Afghanistan  Azerbaijan  Bahrain  Iran  Iraq  Tajikistan  Uzbekistan  This box:      Greater Iran (in Persian: Irān-e Bozorg, or Irān-zamÄ«n; the Encyclopedia Iranica uses the term Iranian Cultural Continent[1]) is a term for the Iranian plateau in addition to... This article is about the philosophical concept of Art. ... This article is about building architecture. ... For other uses , see Painting (disambiguation). ... Tweed loom, Harris, 2004 Woven sheet Weaving is an ancient textile art and craft that involves placing two sets of threads or yarn called the warp and weft of the loom and turning them into cloth. ... Unfired green ware pottery on a traditional drying rack at Conner Prairie living history museum. ... Contemporary Western Calligraphy. ... Turned chess pieces Metalworking is the craft and practice of working with metals to create structures or machine parts. ... Stone masons have existed since the dawn of civilization, constructing some of the most long lasting ancient monuments, artifacts and cities. ...

Contents

The Persian Fine Arts

Fine art is a term used to refer to fields traditionally considered to be artistic. ...

The Persian rug

Main article: Persian carpet
From the yarn fiber to the colors, every part of the Persian rug is traditionally hand made from natural ingredients over the course of many months.
From the yarn fiber to the colors, every part of the Persian rug is traditionally hand made from natural ingredients over the course of many months.

The art of carpet =] weaving in Iran has its roots in the culture and customs of its people and their instinctive feelings. Weavers mix elegant patterns with a myriad of colors. The Iranian carpet is similar to the Persian garden: full of florae, birds, and beasts. The Persian carpet (Pahlavi bōb[1] Persian farš فرش, meaning to spread and Arabic qāli, Turkish hali)[2] is an essential part of Persian art and culture. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Farsh1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Farsh1. ... Art depicting two men in a Persian Garden Persian Gardens refers to a tradition and style of garden design which originated in Persia, modernday Iran. ...


The colors are usually made from wild flowers, and are rich in colors such as burgundy, navy blue, and accents of ivory. The proto-fabric is often washed in tea to soften the texture, giving it a unique quality. Depending on where the rug is made, patterns and designs vary. And some rugs, such as Gabbeh, and Gelim have a variations in their textures and number of knots as well. Out of about 2 million Iranians who work in the trade, 1.2 million are weavers producing the largest amount of hand woven aritistic carpets in the world. Iran exported $517 million worth of carpets in 2002 For other uses, see Tea (disambiguation). ... Gabbeh is a traditional design of Persian carpet. ... A Kilim (or Kelim) (or Gelim, in Persian), is a flatwoven rug, taking its name from the Turkish word for prayer rug. ...


[1].


The exceptional craftsmenship in weaving these carpets and silken textile thus caught the attention of the likes of Xuanzang, Jean-Baptiste Tavernier, and Jean Chardin. A portrait of Xuanzang Xuanzang (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Hsüan-tsang; CantoneseIPA: jyn4tsɔŋ1; CantoneseJyutping: jyun4zong1) was a famous Chinese Buddhist monk, scholar, traveler and translator that brought up the interaction between China and India in the early Tang period. ... Jean-Baptiste Tavernier. ... Sir John Chardin Jean Chardin, born Jean-Baptiste Chardin, also known as Sir John Chardin, (November 16, 1643 – January 5, 1713) was a French jeweller and traveller whose ten-volume book The Travels of Sir John Chardin is regarded as one of the finest works of early Western scholarship on...


Painting and miniature

Mullahs in the royal presence. The painting style is markedly Qajari.
Mullahs in the royal presence. The painting style is markedly Qajari.
Main article: Persian miniature

Oriental historian Basil Gray believes "Iran has offered a particularly unique [sic] art to the world which is excellent in its kind". Mollahs in the presence of a Safavi King, Iran. ... Mollahs in the presence of a Safavi King, Iran. ... Safavid era Miniature painting kept at Shah Abbas Hotel in Isfahan. ...


Caves in Iran's Lorestan province exhibit painted imagery of animals and hunting scenes. Some such as those in Fars Province and Sialk are at least 5,000 years old. Falak-ol-aflak, built by the Sassanids, is almost 1800 years old. ... Fars (Persian: فارس) is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. ... The 5500 year old skeletons and other unearthed artifacts here are preserved and off access to visitors. ...


Painting in Iran is thought to have reached a climax during the Tamerlane era when outstanding masters such as Kamaleddin Behzad gave birth to a new style of painting. For the chess engine Tamerlane, see Tamerlane. ... The construction of fort Kharnaq, c. ...


Paintings of the Qajar period, are a combination of European influences and Safavid miniature schools of painting such as those introduced by Reza Abbasi. Masters such as Kamal-ol-molk, further pushed forward the European influence in Iran. It was during the Qajar era when "Coffee House painting" emerged. Subjects of this style were often religious in nature depicting scenes from Shia epics and the like. The Qajar dynasty was the ruling family of Persia from 1796 to 1925. ... The Safavids were a long-lasting Turkic-speaking Iranian dynasty that ruled from 1501 to 1736 and first established Shiite Islam as Persias official religion. ... Reza Abbasi, in full Aqa Reza Reza-e abbasi, sometimes known as Reza (1565 - 1635) was the most renowned Persian painter and calligrapher of the Isfahan school, which flourished during the Safavid period under the patronage of Shah Abbas I. Princely Youth and Dervish by Reza Abbasi, ca. ... Tomb of Kamal-ol-Molk in Neishabur, Iran. ... Shiʻa Islam (Arabic شيعى follower; English has traditionally used Shiite) makes up the second largest sect of believers in Islam, constituting about 30%–35% of all Muslim. ...


Pottery and ceramics

Main article: Iranian pottery
Pottery Vessel, Fourth Millennium BC. The Sialk collection of Tehran's National Museum of Iran.
Pottery Vessel, Fourth Millennium BC. The Sialk collection of Tehran's National Museum of Iran.

Prominent archeologist Roman Ghirshman believes "the taste and talent of this people [Iranians] can be seen through the designs of their earthen wares". Pottery Vessel, Fourth Millennium BCE. The Sialk collection of Tehrans National Museum of Iran. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (764x918, 385 KB)Photo by Zereshk. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (764x918, 385 KB)Photo by Zereshk. ... For other uses, see Tehran (disambiguation). ... Entrance of the National Museum of Iran, the vault is built in the style of Persias Sassanid vaults The National Museum of Iran (in Persian: موزه ایران باستان Muze-ye Irân-e Bâstân) is an archeological and historical museum located in Tehran. ... Archaeology or sometimes in American English archeology (from the Greek words αρχαίος = ancient and λόγος = word/speech) is the study of human cultures through the recovery, documentation and analysis of material remains, including architecture, artefacts, biofacts, human remains, and landscapes. ... Ghirshmans team in Sialk in 1934: Sitting from R to L: Roman Ghirshman, Tania Ghirshman, and Dr. Contenau. ...


Of the thousands of archeological sites and historic ruins of Iran, almost every single one can be found to have been filled, at some point, with earthenware of exceptional quality. Thousands of unique vessels alone were found in Sialk and Jiroft sites. The 5500 year old skeletons and other unearthed artifacts here are preserved and off access to visitors. ... The Jiroft Kingdom or Jiroft Civilization (تمدن جيرفت) is a relatively recent and ongoing multinational archeological project that aims to uncover an unknown civilization in a series of newly discovered sites in Irans Kerman Province, located at 28° 48 N latitude and 57° 46 E Longitude, known as Jiroft or Halilrud...


The occupation of the potter ("kuzeh gar") has a special place in Persian literature. Kelileh va Demneh Persian manuscript copy dated 1429, from Herat, depicts the Jackal trying to lead the Lion astray. ...


Music

Main article: Music of Iran

During the course of Iran's recorded history, a unique distinctive music developed accompanied by numerous musical instruments, several of which came to be the first prototypes of some modern musical instruments of today. Figurines playing stringed instruments, excavated at Susa, 3rd millennium BC. Iran National Museum. ...


The earliest references to musicians in Iran are found in Susa and Elam in the 3rd millennium BC. Reliefs, sculptures, and mosaics such as those in Bishapur from periods of antiquity depict a vibrant musical culture. For other uses, see Susa (disambiguation). ... Elam (Persian: تمدن ایلام) is one of the oldest recorded civilizations. ... Ruins of Bishapur Sassanian relief, Bishapur Bishapur (or Bishâpûr) is an ancient city situated south of modern Faliyan, Iran on the ancient road between Persis and Elam. ...


Persian traditional music in its contemporary form has its inception in the Naseri era, who ordered the opening of a "House of Crafts", where all master craftsmen would gather for designing instruments and practicing their art. Moosiqi Asil or Persian music is the traditional and indigenous music of Persia and Persian-speaking countries: musiqi, the science and art of music, and moosiqi, the sound and performance of music (Sakata 1983). ... Nasser-al-Din Shah Qajar (sometimes called Nassereddin) (died 1896) was the Shah of Persia from 1848 to 1896. ...


Literature

Iran is filled with tombs of poets and musicians, such as this one belonging to Rahi Mo'ayeri. An illustration of Iran's deep artistic heritage.
Iran is filled with tombs of poets and musicians, such as this one belonging to Rahi Mo'ayeri. An illustration of Iran's deep artistic heritage.
Main article: Persian literature

Persian literature is by far the most stalwart expression of the Iranian genius. While there are interesting works in prose, it is poetry where the Iranian literature shines at its most. Flourishing over a period of more than a millennium, it was esteemed and imitated well beyond the confines of the Iranian homeland. The literature of Turkey and India developed under its influence. Photo by Zereshk, using Sony 5. ... Photo by Zereshk, using Sony 5. ... Rahi Moayeris tomb is enclosed by a glass case at Darband, Shemiran, Tehran. ... Kelileh va Demneh Persian manuscript copy dated 1429, from Herat, depicts the Jackal trying to lead the Lion astray. ...


some notable Iranian poets are: Rumi, Hafez, Saadi, Ferdowsi Rumi (born November 29, 1982) is a Persian-Canadian Singer-songwriter and a Photographer who is currently based in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. ... Hafez, detail of an illumination in a Persian manuscript of the Divan of Hafez, 18th century. ... Saadi may refer to one of the following: Saadi (poet), the medieval Persian Sufi poet Saadi Dynasty, the Moroccan dynasty Vicente Saadi, the Argentine politician Saïd Sadi, the Algerian political activist Abd ar-Rahman as-Saadi, Islamic scholar of fiqh and tafsir Category: ... Tomb of Ferdowsi in Tus Hakīm Abol-Qāsem Ferdowsī Tūsī (Persian: ), more commonly transliterated as Ferdowsi, (935–1020) was a highly revered Persian poet. ...


Architecture

Main article: Iranian architecture

The architecture of Iran is one with an exceedingly ancient tradition and heritage. As Arthur Pope put it, "the meaningful Impact of Persian architecture is versatile. Not overwhelming but dignified, magnificent and impressive". Iranian architecture - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Arthur Upham Pope (1881-1969), was an American archaeologist and historian of Persian art. ...


Calligraphy

Main article: Persian calligraphy
Persian calligraphy has several styles. Seen here is a "shekasteh" manuscript dated 1894, by Seyed Ali Akbar Golestaneh (سید علی اکبر گلستانه). A follower of the style of Darvish, his contemporaries were Mirza Hasan Isfahani (میرزا حسن اصفهانی), Mirza Kuchek Isfahani (میرزا کوچک اصفهانی), and Mohammad Ali Shirazi (محمد علی شیرازی). After his death, the Shekasteh style fell into stagnation until it was revived again later on in the 1970s.

Says writer Will Durant: "Ancient Iranians with an alphabet of 36 letters, used skins and pen to write, Instead of ear-then tablets". Such was the creativity spent on the art of writing. The significance of the art of calligraphy in works of pottery, metallic vessels, and historic buildings is such that they are deemed lacking without the adorning decorative calligraphy. Persian calligraphy is the calligraphy of Persian writing system. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Will Durant William James Durant (November 5, 1885–November 7, 1981) was an American philosopher, historian, and writer. ...


Illuminations, and especially the Quran and works such as the Shahnameh, Divan Hafez, Golestan, Bostan et al are recognized as highly invaluable because of their delicate calligraphy alone. Vast quantities of these are scattered and preserved in museums and private collections worldwide, such as the Hermitage Museum of St. Petersburg and Washington's Freer Gallery of Art among many others. In the strictest definition of illuminated manuscript, only manuscripts decorated with gold or silver, like this miniature of Christ in Majesty from the Aberdeen Bestiary (folio 4v), would be considered illuminated. ... The Quran (Arabic al-qurʾān أَلْقُرآن; also transliterated as Quran, Koran, and less commonly Alcoran) is the holy book of Islam. ... Shâhnameh Shāhnāmé, or Shāhnāma (Persian: )(alternative spellings are Shahnama, Shahnameh, Shahname, Shah-Nama, etc. ... Gonbad-e Qabus, built in 1007, is a reminder of the blossoming of art and architecture in medieval Persia. ... Bostan (pronounced Bustān) is a book of combined poetry and prose by Perisan writer and legend Saadi, completed in 1257CE. It is the first work of Sadi, and its title means the fruit orchard. ... The State Hermitage Museum (Russian: ) in Saint Petersburg, Russia is one of the largest museums in the world, with 3 million works of art (not all on display at once), [1] and one of the oldest art galleries and museums of human history and culture in the world. ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and Petrograd (Петрогра́д, 1914–1924), is a city located in Northwestern Russia on the delta of the river Neva at the east end of the Gulf of Finland... The entrance to the Freer Gallery. ...

A poster of abbas Kiarostami's Palme d'Or winning film, Taste of Cherry.

Styles: Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Abbas Kiarostami (Persian: `Abbās Kiyārostamī; born 22 June 1940) is an internationally acclaimed Iranian film director, screenwriter, and film producer. ... Palme dOr The Palme dOr (Golden Palm) is the highest prize given to a film at the Cannes Film Festival. ... Taste of Cherry (Persian: طعم گيلاس Tam-e gilass) is a 1997 film by acclaimed Iranian filmmaker Abbas Kiarostami. ...

Nastaliq (نستعليق) is a specific style for writing in the Arabic alphabet. ...

Tilework

The tilework is a unique feature of the blue mosques of Isfahan. In the old days, Kashan (kash + an which literally means "land of tiles") and Tabriz were the two famous centers of Iranian mosaic and tile industry. Tabatabaei House, early 1800s, Kashan. ... Tabriz (Azeri and Persian: تبریز; is the largest city in north-western Iran with an estimated population of 1,597,319 (2007 est. ...


Cinema

Main article: Cinema of Iran

With 300 international awards in the past 25 years, films from Iran continue to be celebrated worldwide. Perhaps the best known director is Abbas Kiarostami or most recently come to fame is Dena Darvish Derakhshan. The cinema of Iran (or Persian cinema) is a flourishing film industry with a long history. ...


Motifs

An example of traditional "khatam-kari"

Since centuries, Iranian art has developed particular patterns designed to decorate Iranian produced craft. These motifs can be : Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 489 pixelsFull resolution (1200 × 734 pixel, file size: 216 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 489 pixelsFull resolution (1200 × 734 pixel, file size: 216 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... A pattern is a form, template, or model (or, more abstractly, a set of rules) which can be used to make or to generate things or parts of a thing, especially if the things that are generated have enough in common for the underlying pattern to be inferred or discerned... For other uses, see Craft (disambiguation). ...

  • Inspired by ancestral nomad tribes (such as geometrical motifs used in kilims or gabbehs).
  • Islam influenced, with an advanced geometrical research.
  • Oriental based, also found in India or Pakistan.

A Shahsavan kilim with typical geometrical symbols some of them of mythological inspiration such as the crab or scarabeus Kilims are flat tapestry-woven carpets or rugs produced from the Balkans to Iran. ... Gabbeh is a traditional design of Persian carpet. ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ...

Metalworks (Qalam-zani)

to be filled


Khatam-kari

Delicate and meticulous marquetry, produced since the Safavide period: at this time, khatam was so popular in the court that princes learned this technique at the same level of music or painting. In the 18th and 19th centuries, katahm declined, before being stimulated under the Reign of Reza Shah, with the creation of craft schools in Tehran, Isfahan, and Chiraz. "Khatam" means "incrustation", and "Khatam-kari", "incrustation work". This craft consists in the production of incrustation patterns (generally star shaped), with thin sticks of wood (ebony, teak, ziziphus, orange, rose), brass (for golden parts), camel bones (white parts). Ivory, gold or silver can also be used for collection objects. Sticks are assembled in trinagular beams, themselves assembeled and glued in a strict order to create a 70cm diameter cylinder, which section is the main motif: a six-branch star included in a hexagon. These cylinders are cut into shorter cylinders, and then compressed and dried between two wooden plates, before being cut for the last time, in 1mm wide tranches. So this section is ready to be plated and glued on the object to be decorated, before lacquer finishing. The tranche can also be heaten to be soften to follow curves of a rounded object. Many objects can be so decorated, such as: boxes, chessboards, cadres, pipes, desks, frames or some musical instruments. Katham can be used on Persian miniature, realising true work of art. For other uses, see Ebony (disambiguation). ... Species Tectona grandis Tectona hamiltoniana Tectona philippinensis Teak (Tectona), is a genus of tropical hardwood trees in the family Verbenaceae, native to the south and southeast of Asia, and is commonly found as a component of monsoon forest vegetation. ... Species About 40, including: Ziziphus glabarrima Zizyphus joazeiro Ziziphus lotus Ziziphus mauritiana Ziziphus spinachristi Zizyphus spinosa Ziziphus zizyphus Ziziphus is a genus of about 40 species of spiny shrubs and small trees in the buckthorn family Rhamnaceae, distributed in the warm-temperate and subtropical parts of the Old World. ... Binomial name (L.) Osbeck[1] Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults. ... For other uses, see Rose (disambiguation). ... Brazen redirects here. ... For other uses, see Camel (disambiguation). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... In a general sense, lacquer is a clear or coloured coating, that dries by solvent evaporation only and that produces a hard, durable finish that can be polished to a very high gloss, and gives the illusion of depth. ... Chessboard Chessboard with Staunton chess pieces A chessboard is often painted or engraved on a chess table. ... Youth with pipe by Hendrick Jansz Terbrugghen A pipe is a tool used for smoking. ... Safavid era Miniature painting kept at Shah Abbas Hotel in Isfahan. ... Chinese Jade ornament with flower design, Jin Dynasty (1115-1234 AD), Shanghai Museum. ...


Coming from techniques imported from China and improved by Persian know-how, this craft existed for more than 700 years and is still perennial in Isfahan and Chiraz.


Relief and sculpture

The Qajarid reliefs of Tangeh Savashi were made by order of Fath Ali Shah.
The Qajarid reliefs of Tangeh Savashi were made by order of Fath Ali Shah.

Relief carving has a history dating back thousands of years. Elamite reliefs are still to be found in Iran with Persepolis being a mecca of relief creations of antiquity. Image File history File linksMetadata Qajari_relief. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Qajari_relief. ... Visitors from Tehran flock to the area on weekends to enjoy the idyllic surroundings. ... Fath Ali Shah was the second Qajar King of Persia. ... In the art of sculpture, a relief is an artwork where a modelled form projects out of a flat background. ... Elamite is an extinct language, which was spoken in the ancient Elamite Empire. ... This article is about the ancient city. ...


Other handicrafts

A traditional Galesh A Galesh (گالش) is a traditional footwear of Iran. ... Giveh, prnounced /gi:ve/ in farsi or /gi:wæ/ in Kurdish, also known in Kurdish as klash is a kind of soft, comfortable, durable and handwoven-top shoe common in several parts of Iran especially in rural and mountainous areas of Kermanshah Province. ...

See also

Qajar era reliefs of the Fath Ali Shah era in Tangeh Savashi. ... Safavid era painting kept at The Grand Shah Abbas Caravanserai Hotel in Isfahan. ... Mani Kamaleddin Behzad Reza Abbasi Manouchehr Motabar Aydin Aghdashloo Hanibal Alkhas Kamal ol-Molk Hossein Behzad Iran Darroudi Sohrab Sepehri Mahmoud Farshchian Mansoureh Hosseini Shaikh Mohammad Shirazi Ali Akbar Tajvidi Farrukh Beg Dust-Mohammad Mosawwar Mohsen Vaziri-Moghaddam Aqa Buzurg Abu l-Hasan Ghaffari Farshid Maleki Manouchehr Atash Majid Fadaeian... A cursory glance at the history of art reveals the social, political and economic conditions have always played a major role in the emergence of new artistic currents and styles. ...

External links

  • Vattan Clothing
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Art of Iran
  • Iranian Artists and Persian Art Resource
  • Iranian Contemporary and young blood Art Studio
  • Latest News from Iranian Contemporary Art scene and Galleries
  • Urban Art of Iran and shots from the Art in urban places of Tehran and other cities
  • Iranian art blog Pars Arts
  • Pictures from the Third International Children Art's Festival in Tehran
This is a list of countries spanning more than one continent. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
SalamIran, Culture, Iranian Handicrafts, Painting (1875 words)
Although the Baghdad school, considering the pre-Islamic art, is to some extent, superficial and primitive, but the art of Iranian miniature, in the same period, was widespread in every region in which, Islam was propagated: Far East, Africa and Europe.
Mogul emperors, after the invasion of Iran, were impressed by the Iranian art and encouraged the painters, initiating the former kings of Iran.
The usual subjects of this art were the holy images of prophets, the religious epics, and the battles of the national warriors.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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